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ONE year ago the blackleg was causing sad havoc among the herds of Beaverhead. Last winter it caused great alarm on the Jefferson and Gallatin. Now it has quit these valleys, and :herds of the Missouri, Musselshell, Yellowvstone and Sun River valleys are suffering, but as it seems to run its course in about six months there is not so much alarm now as twelve months ago. At one time during the summer things seemed to come to a stand still, but it was only for a short time. The feeling now is better than ever before, and the demand for stock cattle increasing. Twelve dollars per head is freely offered for herds, count ing everything that walks, and there are a number of buyers, but few who offer to sell, and they fix their prices at about five dol lars in advance of the figures mentioned above. Beef cattle rule about the same as last spring. Twenty-five dollars is paid rapidly for three-year-olds, and $27 for four year-old. Money is easy in stock circles, and herd owners are perfectly independ ent. VETERINARY SOHOOLS. It is a matter of congratulation to the people of iowa that there is a good pros. pect for a first-class veterinary school in our Agricultural College. The sufferings of dumi brutes, owing to the ignorance of "boss doctors," cry aloud for relief. Last week Col. Swalm found that the eye of his horse was failing. He consulted a pretend. ed adept'who decided the horse had wolf teeth, and insisted on knocking them out. The Colonel concluded to consult a veteri nary surgeon in Des Moines first. The doctor soon discovered a wheat beard in the eye of the horsa, which was removed with out knocking his teeth out. We heard of another case lately. The attending surgeon decided that there was no cure, and recom mended killing the animal to end his mis ery. The owner employed a pompous horse jocky to take him out to the bank of the river and knock him in the head with an axe. Placing the horse in a suitable po sition, the jocky struck at his head a terri ble blow. The horse jerked his Lead and received a glancing lick on the side othis head, his Jaws flew open, his life was saved, and he soon recovered. The next week the jockey advertised far and wide to cure lock jaw in horses. Ike had discovered a certain and speedy cure. But though all after blows were the, same, the horses in all cases r fell dead under the operation.-Iowoa State t Register. - -, o RAILROAD WARS-STOCK KARKET. Once more the live stock trade of the west is cursed with one of those railroad wars the chief object of which seems to ,lle the gratification of a few officials at the e* pense of the shareholders and of the bust ness public. F'rom Kearney, a noint about midway between the Missouri river and the northeast corner of the state of Colorado, two rival lines extend to the Missouri--the Union Pacific and the Burlington & Missou ri river roads. There is no need to recount the causes which have led to this condition' of affairs, but it is enough to say that the last named road has issued a circultr offer ing to carry cattle from Kearney to the riv er for nothing, thus making the entire haul from the middle of Nebraska to Chicago for $50 per oar. The Union Pacific will proba bly do as much. Nobody will care partiou larly abo it the effect of thp war on the roads, but there may be many who will care for the effect on the cattle markets. There is a general feeling of apprehension here, the natural consequence of other rail road wars affecting the live stock traffic. It ia feared that the stockmen of the western plains, tempted by the opportunity for get ting to market for so small a rate, will rush thiefr stock In much faster than the market tn care for it without a serious shrinkage in prices. There can be no doubt that the undden influx of the great number of cattle the west can throw on the market at a day's notice would derange the whole business, not only in Chicago but in nearly all the other markets of the country as well. Such an opportunity offered to stock owners in the states of the Mississippi valley would ll out markets almost instantly, as has eoea (to d .Qe this stmmer by the fight between the Chicago, St. Louis and Kansas City roads. A decline of seventy-five cents in prices g here would more than equal any saving there might be in freights, and such a de cline would be no more than has been caus ed by other cuts in freight rates. It is like ly that this consideration will tend to check shipments, the more especially since cattle t owners in the west are abundantly able to hold their stock as long as they see fit to do so, and are therefore less likely to be tewpt ed by low rates. It is the opinion of those who are now here from the plains that the market is in no condition to stand crowding, and that any one who pushes his unripe cat tle will lose more on the price than he can gain on freights.-American Stockman. JUDGING HORSES. In relation to judging horses a corres pondent of the Live Stock Journal, London, says: One of the best juJges 1 know, once said to me that a hunter should be judged, with a curtain slowly raised, from his feet up wards. That is impossible. But suppose a horse perfect for his class standing still then there is the most important point of all-ac tion. "Hunter action," "harness action," and "hack action," in which the walk is so important. Then there are style and quali ty in a park hack or phaeton pair. But be sides pleasing yourself you must please the public by your "business," as actors call it. However bad a horse is don't turn him out until he has walked, trotted and galloped. After that preliminary process begin to weed, and do it slowly. If the reserved lot are "riding horses," take off their saddles and examine their shoulders. Exhibitors like this. When reduced to four or five, if riding horses, be sure to ride them all. Nev er award either first, second or third prize without riding a hunter or hack. There are such impostors amongst show horses, and exhibiting is a trade. You have noth Ing to do with souindness a horse is serious ly lampe, blind or queer in the wind; then throw all the responsibility on the veterina ry surgeon. Same as to height. Most im portant of all for your comfort is, after hav ing decided, never to give any reasons or offer any explanations. I have always treated any remonstrance or fault-finding with the judges as a gross impertinence on the part of an exhibitor. SPOILING A YOUNG HORSE. When a young horse acts badly in har ness, it is because he has not been properly taught his business. To whip and abuse him is to spoil him. A horse is naturally willing and docile, if well used, and much way be done by kindness, patience and judgment in removing the Ill effects of wrong treatment. A colt should be trained when young, and gradually taught its du ties; the greatest care should be taken to avoid frightening or irritating the animal, and much patience should be exercised. If the animal refuses to do what is required, punishment will make matters worse ; something should be done to distract its at tention, when it will generally become do cile.--.Amrican Agriculturist. TICKS. Cattle grazing at the outskirts of woods, among bushes and shrubbery, and near old hedges, are liable to be troubled with ticks. Brushing the cattle over, once a week, with a mixture of one part of kerosene and two parts of lard oil, will protect them from the attacks of these vermin. When ticks are found on cattle in considerable numbers, they should not be removed by force, be cause, in that case, the head of the tick will remain imbedded in the hide of the animal, and when in large numbers, will be apt to cause considerable irritation and inflamma tion of the skin. By applying a light coat ing of lard oil,.or a little benzine, by moans of a brush, to the body of the ticks, they gen erally withdraw their heads, and let go their hold on the hlde.--national Live Stock Journal. BErEP DIP. The Westcrn Rural gives the following as a good dip for sheep: Tobacco 8 pounds. oil of tar 11 pints, so da ash 10 pounds, soft soap 2 pounds, water 25 gallons. Boil the tobacco, and dissolve the other ingredients in a few gallons of wYater, then add enough water to smake u aI the twenty-five gallons. This will suffice for twenty-five sheep. The temperature of the water should be kept at about 70 Fahr. Keep each sheep in the bath three or four minutes. This will not iinjure the wool. The practice of boiling tobacco, or even of steeping it in hot water, is, we think, an er roneous one, in that the essence we wish to keep, and on which we rely for assistance in destroying the scab, and the cause of it is certainly more or less evaporated in the process. A much better wash than the above can be made for half the money. Journal of Agriculture. AGE OF A SHEEP. The first year a sheep's front teeth are eight in number, and are all of equal size. The second year the two middle shed out and are replaced by two much larger than the others. The third year two very small teeth appear, one either side of the eight. At the end of the tourth year there are six large teeth. The fifth year all the front teeth are large. The sixth year all begin to show signs of wear. BREEDERS' DIRECTORY. JAMES MAULDIN, BREEDER OF PERCHERON-NORMAN HORSES. Stallions and MIares forsale. Correspondence solicited. Address, Watson Beaverhead County, Montana. 6-4m. BENNETT & GOODALE, Importers and breeders of Thoroughbred COTSWOLD, AND Spanish Merino Sheep. Are now prepared to supply the wool-growers of the Territory with pure-bloods of either sex. Inspection invited. P. 0. address: Camp Baker, Montana. sep-48-Ba S& H. EDWARDS, Importers and Breeders of IMPROVED AMERICAN MERINOS. A FEW CHOICE RAMS FOR SALE. Elk Grove Ranch, 7 miles west of Bozeman. P. 0. Address, Bozeman, M. T. 34-6m SEDMAN & McGREGORY, BREEDERS OF GRADE AND THOROUGHBRED SHORT.HORN CATTLE. Range---Upper Ruby valley, Madison county and the Sweet Grass and Yellowstone, Gallatin county. P. O. ---Adobetown, M.T. JAMES J. MAIYlE. Range Missouri val ley, vicinityof Canyon Ferry; also, on Smith river valley. P. O.-Canyon Ferry Also 200 branded n the right side and nn der the tarl. BROOK &MOWERI. Range - Beavethead valley, between Ruby river and McKisser creek. P. O,--.8allburv MoN tuna, J. G. SARTER. Range-Smith river valley, from White Tail to Newlan creek. PI'. O. Address-Camp Baker. S. MARKS & BRO. Range-Smith River Al and Musecleshell Val dale, rom. CT. Are.-sHalf crop in left ear, and wattle on each jaw. THOMAS COOR NEY. Rangoe---Mith ssouri Valley, from Confed erate to Cave gulch. Post Offhee-,Canyon Fedalerry, M. T. JOHN T. MOORE. Range--Smith river Valley, from Camp Baker to the canyon. Post Office---Camp Baker, IM. T. MARK.-Swallowfork in left ear, and wattle on right jaw J.OHN T. STAFFORD. Range--Missouri val ley, from Canyon Fer ter to Duck creek. Post offlce---Canyonmp Bakerr . T. Ferry. , JOHN LINK. Range--On Missouri valley, from Duck creek to Cave gulch. Post office--Diamond City. JONAS IIGGIS,. Rang e-- Muscleshel Valley. Address--F. Gaugler, Martinsdale, M. T. KROFT & FLEMING. Range--Smith river valley, from Camp Ba Sker to Rim Rock meun tains. P. O.-Diamond City. S. NELSON BUMP. Range--On Missouri valley, from mouth of White's gulch to Duck creek. Post Office-Diamond. Horse Brand: the same on the left shoulder. GADDIS & BRYAN. Range--South pork of Smith River. P. O.-Camp Baker, M. T. GILBERT ECKER. Range---Smith river Valley. Post Office-Diamnond City, M. T. JAMES E. CALLAWAY, BREEDER OF GRADE AND THOROUGHBBRED DURHAM CATTLE. Breeding to milk strains a specialty. Young Range---Upper Ruby valley, from Puller's Springs to Home Park ranch, Madison county. P. O.--Virginia City, Montana. Mark--OVter-bit in each ear, and pendant me talic tag in either ear. Brand-Triangle C on left hip as in above cut. G. 1. LEWIS. Range---Smith river valley, from Camp Baker to the canyon. Post'"omcc--Camp Ba ker, M~uotaena. Mark---Dulap. CXop oi olf right ear and a hole bL .,t .