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B. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor.
W..H. SUTHERLIN, Assistant Editor. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1879. THE PROGRESS Of the ROCKY MOUNTAIN 1IUSBANDMAN, although slow, has, like the interest it represents, been steadily onward and upward. The warm support extended to it all over Montana since the day of its introduction assures us that the people are fully alive to the necessity of an agricultu ral paper in the territory, and warrants us in the effort to place before them a journal second to none in the country. We take pleasure in announcing to our friends that the time for enlargement is now near at hand. A large cylinder power press has been ordered from New York, and about the beginning of the next volume, or upon the arrival of the new press, the Hus BANDMAN will be enlarged to a forty-column paper and otherwise materially improved. We will also remove our ofilce of publica tion to White Sulphur Springs, a point affording better facilities for a publishing house. The publication of a live newspaper in Montana is attended with heavy expense at beat, and this enlargement and change of base, which has become necessary to meet the demanhs of the public, entails a still greater o..lay. Therefore, those in arcars for subscription are requested to be prepared to settle the same, that we may press on from venture to success. THE probabilities are that there will be at least one.third more grain consumed in the terrltory this winter than ever before. Industries of all kinds have, been greatly multiplieds requiring the use of a large amount of work Stock, which must be fed. Stage llng have increased, freight teams have multiplied, livery stock has been in creased, and the farmers, less given to idle ness, will keep their teams busy improving their farms. A greater number of dairy cows will be required to be fed, all of which will consume largely of the summer's pro duet.. Grain will be cheap, and instead of feeding sparingly as usual, teamsters will feed high, and we will have fat work anl mals. The railroad this side of the divide will employ a goodly number of freighters all winter bringing in goods, who must feed their animals regularly, which assures us that although our harvest has been large the consumption will be greatly increased over that of other years, and we doubt if there is any great surplus of horse feed. The wheat crop has been more abundant and the prospect is that flour will be dull, but the great increase in population will add considerably to the consumption of that product ; yet the immense crop of veg etables will have a tendency to prevent the usual large ddiuad for flour of other win ters,, vegetables being cheapest, but the waste which the low prices will occasion will morethanu make up for the increased use of vegetables. Viewing the subject in all its lights, we qannot come to. the conclusion so readily eaehed by some, that there will be no sale ,r grain and flour, but think the demand will be steady, and though prices may be o., wq believe they will not be crowded down below a living price, as our farmers, generally, are in good circumstauces and will not sell at a sacrifice. Tin? Sweedish exploring expedition, un der Prof. Nordenskjold, arrived at Yoko * hams, Japan, September 4th, having made the journey through the North-east passage without encountering any greater difticul ties than those common to the northern seas. lDurihg the yeat's voyage there was no sick nIesq of consequence and not a single death among the crew of the Vega. The success af the expedl~tlp proves the existence of a fIorth-east passage which will lead to the dtevelopment of an oceen. trade between central Siberia by way of the Tenii liver, and the eastern coast of Asia, THE terminus of the Utah & Northern railroad is now at Beaver, four miles below Pleasant valley, but it is to be moved for ward in a few weeks to a point this side of the main range of the Rocky mountains, which point will probably be the winter terminus. OUR correspondent writes from the Gal latin that the farmers there are still putting in winter wheat. In those portions of the valley where the snow lies deep it is ample time, but in localities where the fields are apt to be bareeit is better to sow early that a sufficient growth may be had to hold the moisture and prevent the dirt from blowing from the roots. If the season is favorable it may do well, yet, even in these localities. We would say to our farmer friends to con tinue to sow. It is better late than not at all. Late sown winter wheat is preferable to spring wheat. AMONG THE FARMERS. OLD ALDER GULCH has many pleasant homes along its shores. Near its mouth there is some most excellent farming land now owned and occupied by hardy tillers of the soil. The first, that of W. J. Parkins, is a most beautiful place. Mr. 1 . is a lover of fine stock, especially horses, and has upon his premises a herd of good brood mares and colts, and some ex cellent stallions. Red Cloud, his old stand byr, was looking well, and the same may be said of Bogus Bill. Dictator Forest, a two year-old, late from the blue-grass pastures of Kentucky, is one of the prettiest colts I have seen. and doubtless will come in the ring next year among the fastest trotters. Adjoining Mr. Parkins' place is the farm of E.H. Combs. A.little further on is the premises of J. J. Byrd, where a considera ble change and improvement has taken place. His new partner has planned and arranged the house in shape, causing fresh flowers to bloom in the windows and door yard, rendering it more inviting than when a bachelor was the solitary master. The fields fronting the Joor looked well. In my short visit there I "caught" an item about farming which is deemed valuable for future use. The mines of Alder still yield a con siderable sum of money. There are seven flumes in operation in the gulch, and 1 be lieve all are paying well for the labor being done. The flume belonging to Messrs. O. A. bedman & W. G. McGregory has pro gressed farther than probably any other, and doubtless has paid a handsome dividend every season, This year about an acre of land has been washed to the bed-rock and the proceeds taken therefrom, but this is on ly about half the season's work, since they have a large head ot water and will contin ue to operate until freezing Weather. Vir ginia is Virginia still, and, though it may have rivals, judging from the past it will iold its present population many years. 'They say" the season with the merchants has been dull, but seeing their pleasant smiles as they linger leisurely about the loorwayS ahd awnings, A drew theconclu nlob that 4t was not so "awful" dull, after all. In the past year there has not been many.changes in firms, and the same signs swing as they did a year ago, freshened on ly by the clever "Jewish inscription" which Is so tempting that one Is almost persuaded to invest simply for the sake of getting a hargaiu. Vir.inla has a good country trade as well as the mines, and I wonder that so many of fle' business men can do without the husbandmens favorite journal, when their trade is so acceptible. At the Jfad, monian, officeMr. Kelser was busy in the job Department, and Deyarmon and Baker were as busy in the sanctum as editors usually are. This office has one of the best power presses in the West. In less than ninety minutes the tall edition, over 1,500 oopIesis printled W.. A. Buttermore, for a long time past City Marshal, has bought out Douglass, the haxter, and has renovated and arranged the well stocked store oft no tions, fruit and candies, and fruit, candles and notions, all of which go to that store's many patrons, Col., Deimling is still the postmaster, : safe government agent and the peoples' "tctodlan and distributer ot lat ters. J. S. Bartruff, the nurseryman and gardner, sportS a gay turnout and pedtaes berries and, amalk fruits from his fine gat den,. 1,Is h~rxestl this ySear of strawbeaies, currants and gooseberries was very large. He has the finest and largest variety of the English gooseberries that are to be had in Montana, and proposes to supply custom ers who wish to grow fruits with a limited amount of sets. No one could visit this gar den without being pleased with its beauti ful fruits, and all wish him abundant suc cess. While in the city I made the Rodgers house my home, and for a hotel home, I know of none better. It is run in a manner that suits the wishes of travelers and WILL. ---..---..- ---- ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE M. E. CRURCH SOUTH. The second session of the Montana an nual conference was held at Willow creek, beginning September 10th, 1879. The ses sion was a very pleasant one. Bishop John C. Keener presided. The Bishop is in fill sympathy with us and gave much en couragement to the preachers by his preaneh ing and advice. All the preachers were present, and a good attendance was had from Virginia City, Boulder, Butte, Prickly Pear valley, Gallatin valley, Deep creek, White Hall, etc. There has been some increase in mem bership during the last year. The following is a. list of the appoint ments : Helena district-R. S. Clark, P. E.; Hel ena circuit-R. S. Clark; St. Louis circuit William Eva; Willow creek circuit-to be supplied; Bozeman circuit---L. B. Stateler; Centerville circuit--R. M. Craven; Fort Benton and Sun river-to be supplied. Deer Lodge district-E. J. Stanley, P. E.; Deer Lodge circuit-to be supplied ; Butte and Silver Star-E. J. Stanley ; Missoula T. W. Flowers; Yellowstone valley-to be supplied. C. RE-WRITTEN. -A company of pretended Zulus, on ex hibition in Dublin, were routed by a wo man who showered them with paving stones. She had lost a son in Zululand. -.The pastor and deacons of a church at Gainesville, Texas, are said to have played poker, at five cents ante and fifty cents lim it, while waiting for a quorum at a busi ness meeting. -Newman Hall's church and surround ing buildings cost $300,000. -Four of Philadelphia's large hotels, the American, West End, St. George, and La Pierre, are permanently closed. -The expenditure of the London school board this year is estimated at $3.000.000, involving a rate of 5j on the pound sterling. -William R. Barker, the champion checker player of New England, has been made insane by close study of the game, and is in an asylum. -The last representative of the family of Hytton of Hytton castle, Durham, the har onial pile described by Howitt, died a dra per at Newcastle, leaving his wife and daughter in penury. -The phylloxera insect is inflicting great injury in the vineyards of Lombardy. -The French revenue had on July 31 ex ceeded the estimate of 4t by more than $17, 000,000. -In quantity the French harvest will be below the average, but the quality will be excellent. -The proportion of suicides for the quar ter ending 30th of June in London was much larger than usual, due partly, no doubt, to the miserable weather. -Since 1859 the average duration of life in Paris has increased by lj years. The mean annual mortality is put at 20 in 1,000, against 27 In 1,000 in New York. -William Hart, of Cambridge, Mass., sat up night after night to read the Bible, but the more le studied it the more he was puz zled, and in final despair lie committed suicide. -The deaths from diarrhoea-the mhost fruitful cause of mortality in summer in England-have been only one-twelfth of those in 1878, and the season has been gen erally very healthy. -Victoria (Australia), produced in the first quapter Q,1 1S7Q, 3,123 ounces more gold than in. qi) same. quarter of last year. Of the miners hin the first quarter this year over; one-fourth were Ctulese. -The handsome Boston Globe theatre is owned in sections by several persons, and one of them, disgusted by flilure to. agree with the others, is putting up a wail at the edge of his portion. This cuts oft a third of the stage and part of the auditorium. -An infant daughter of John Wagner was without his coue.sent,. baptized by a Ro man Catholic priest, in I[diauapolii. Wag ner, beitg a Protestant, was displeased, and has sued to compel the erasure of the child's name from the baptismal record of the church. -Lady Vogel effectively assisted in res cuing a boy from drowning at VWeir Beach, England. TERRRITORIAL NEWS. The old Mullan road, connecting Montana with the Western Slope, which has long been in disuse, has recently been put in re pair and reopened from our western border across the mountains to Walla Walla. It is a govertnment highway and at the instance of General Sherman the War department this year ordered the road cleared of tallecn timber, bridges built, and grades improved. The work has been done by details from the Second and Third intantry regiments, under command of General Penrose. The task has been a laborious one, but the whole route has now been made passable for load ed wagons. The fair grounds show great improvement in * ry respect. All the buildings have been removed outside of the field used for a race track. A new grand stand, capable of seating a thousand people, has been con structed and roofed in. From the seats an unobstructed view of the whole track is given. Two new buildings for cattle an'd horses on exhibition have been constructed. Floral and Agricultural halls have been re iitted and improved.. The saloon has also been placed convenient to the grand stand, where the lovers of horseflesh can tala horse to their hearts' content.-lerald. About two thousand headl of sheep be longing to a man named Gruell passed through town on Monday, bound for New Chicago. They came over the Mullan road from Washington territory. A facetious correspondent, in remitting to this paper, remarks that newspapers keep him broke. He writes like a man of fair educational advantages, and it is possible that his stchooling kept the old gentleman, his father, broke. People might possibly have more money-tor pedro-were it not for schools and newspapers.--Missoulian. Messrs. Goodhue and Rash are taking many orders for fruit and ornamental trees in Deer Lodge and the valley. They go to Missoula county next week. Assessor Murphy came down from Butte this week. His lists show he has thus far assessed $1.135,864 worth of property there. Ile has yet three weeks work in that place. The hum of the mowing machine has been superceded by that of the thresher. There are eight or ten of these latter ma cJines, including two propelled by steam, in the valley. Reports from various locall ties are to the effect that a large yield of grain is being threshed.-North-west. The Sioux have everything their own way at Woody and Cypress mountains. The steamer Col. Macleod is expected Monday. The Macleod intends riuning between Benton and Cow island the remain-. der of the season. Some of the money sharps in town are agitating the necessity of opening a bank in Benton. Come along with your money and be ready for the Judith dust. The lightning operators for the Ilelena and Benton telegraph line arrived at the Coal Banks per steamer Rosebud.-Benton Record. The returns made by the new smelter or the prices paid: for ore, must be fouid satis factory by miners. Ore is being furnished in such liberal quantities tlat several large lots have been temporarily declined for want of storage room ; the ore yard being already packed. Since it was started up something over a month ago the smelter has not missed a slnglh heat. Heretofore it has tui'ned out about a ton and a half of matte every day; but witl the new rever beratory in uae-tl's yield will hereafter be doubled. Tbhe new furnace wau tEstau a tw days ago,-Minc.