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Rociy M0Io tain Hllubanilan.
R. N. SUTITERLIN, Editor. W. H. SUTHERLIN, Assistant Editor. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1879. THE PROGRESS of the RocKy MOUNTALN HUS&ANDMAN, although slow, has, like the interest it represents, been steadily onward and upward. The warm support extended to it all over Montana since the day of its introduction assures us that the people are fully alive to the necessity of an agricultu ral paper in the territory, and warrants us in the effort to place before them a journal second to none in" the country. We take pleasure in announcing to our friends that the time for enlargement is now near at hand. A large cylinder power press has been ordered' from New York, and about the beginning of the next volume, or upon the arrival of the new press, the Hus BANDMAN will be enlarged to a forty-column paper and otherwise materially improved. We will also remove our office of publica tion to White Sulphur Springs, a point affording better facilities for a publishing house.. The publication of a live newspaper in Montana is attended with heavy expense at best, and this enlargement and change of base, which has become necessary to meet the demands of the public, entails a still greater outlay. Therefore, those in arears for subscription are requested to be prepared to settle the., same, that we may press. on from venture to success. THa e Oor or both wheat and.oats has been good in all sections of Montana;: the only failures being in those sections. ~here the hail storms swept them, and these are conflned. to. less than twenty farms--a small Sarea. Our attention has been called towan article in the Bozeman Courier, urging farmers to hold for remunerative prices, but a note some weeks since, recognizes sixty cents 'per bushel. as remunerative. If this is the figure they. would have the farmers hold for they are not very well posted on the present cost of, farming in Montana. We admit that the time is coming when wheat can be aised here for a small sum-perhaps as low as fitty cents per bushel-.but we know too well the difficulties and uncertain ties with which the farmers have to contend to entertain for a moment the thought that we have reached that stage or time. The selling of grain at sdeh a sacrifice cannot be tolerated, and should not'be done. It has a tendency to be detrimental to the growth of our country-to drive men from the-voca tion, and cause a: great scarcity another season. Our farmers should bear in mind that there has been a gain in population this year of nearly one-third its former number; .that there is a large increase in the demand for bread stuffs in our northern maricets;. while it is not improbablq that the light crop In Utah the present season may mate rially improve our flour trade by supplying eastern Idaho and the. Utah & Northern railroad terminus with flour. We can sup ply the demand in that quarter at a less fig ure than it can be had elsewhere. As to the oat market, though there is a good crop there is little rea`son to tear that prices will be unusually low; or rather, that there it just cause for low prices. The increase of mining operations in toe several districts will cause a corresponding increase of teamihg during the winter season; to gether with the improved market at the north, as well as the continuous freighting to and from the railroadterminus, assures uIs that al, the oats raised this season will find a ready market at fair prices. The need of cash by some farmers to pay har vest hands, threshlng bills, and to settle with the tax collector will, of course, cause lIw prices to rule the markets for a season, hut we hope those who can possibly hold their grain up will do so, as we feel conf dent there is no cause whatever for being Wiarmed. We have given this subject care fltZtyntiou and thought,, andt.iall sincer ity make these suggestions for the benefit of our friends, the farmers, with whom we are identified. However, we do not advise that products be held for large figures, but farmers should stand firm for fair remuneration. Less than seventy-five cents to one dollar per bushel r is not enough for wheat. The country can well afford this, and to sell for less will not increase the consumption. The surplus is probably no more than shouli be held as a guaranty against high prices in consequence of the appearance of grasshoppers another year. But should these pests not come, and a large amount of train accumulate, there would probably then be no necessity of selling for less than one dollar per cental, for with railroad tacilities it should realize our farmers that sum in foreign markets. AMONG THE FARMERS. MADISON VAI(LEY remains the same as last year. It is one of the most beautiful sections in. the Rocky Mountains, and to notice that it has made but a slight gain in population while other valleys have almost doubled their number of residents, is surprising. No other valley can justly claim a superiority over the Mad ison in agricultural land, and no valley ex cept, perhaps the Judith, can cope with it in extent and natural advantages. The set tlement with the exception of one or twyo farms is confined to the narrow low land, (skirting the river. Back of that the bench rises gently up to the mountains, forming a platteau from nine to twelve miles in width and stretching along their base, grassy, beautiful, and as even as a table for 30 or more miles, cut only by occasional willow fringed rivulets, sparkllng with fresh moun tain water, sufficient to irrigate the land and which can be turnedifrom their shallow channels and to any point, with a plow fur row. Cereals of all kinds and many tender vegetables grow and ripen quite as well as in other sections, and I can see no reason why this section should want for home seekers.. The residents with whom I km acquainted are J. G. Smith, A. W. Switzer, G. W. Burns, Sam Smith, E. A. Maynard, A. N. Bull, M. W. Switzer, D. M.. Jefleris, J..Jefferis, J. F. Halden, Os G. Smith, Geo. Watkins and Alonzo Moody, nd, a tBioire genial, neighborly and hospitablPe dpe' are not easily found. Nearly all of their farms join, and are so Wuinch of a sameness in appearance that separate mention can not be made of them. Suffice it to say, however, that all were aglow with prosperi ty and bountiful crops. Thare are two school districts and good schools are in pro gress, Mr. Carr and Miss Hatte Bull being the teachers. The Madison grange, of which the persons above named are mem bers, is one of the most prosperous now in existence. As a social organization it is all that could be desired. MEADOW CREEK, which runs fror the mountains on the west side of the Madison river, has several pretty farms alongits banks, of,which I remember the names of C. M. Pinkney. and G. B. Bess. The first named has a nice- sloping hillside farm and is doing.the dairy business in a scientific manner, having many conven lences for the same. Mr. Bess is farmtilg and cheese-making, both of which, fromi.sp pearances,.are profitable. In this owinec tion it will be appropriate to mention the name of Wmin. Fletcheir who lives by ithe 'Madison and near Meadow creek. He is one of the principal cattle raisers of'this sec tion and at present is engaged to supply the slurrounding country with beef tor table use. STERLING wears a dull forlorn look, but that it will see better days i not at all Improbable fobr I am'informed that the mines in the vcinrity are benlug developed slowly but very satis factorily, and the owners of many of the leads are sanguine of success . W.R. Reele, formerly a resident here is working theCen tennial, Arctic and other leads. The:C n tennial runs from $10 to $40~ per ton, and the Arctic yields $25 rock. They are locat ed in Spring mining district, where an aras tra is used for cruslhing The Convoy and some other leads owned by other persons here, turn out4 $300 ore, which isbeing slhipped East for reduction. At Red Blufls a 5-stamp mill is running regularly. 'One ."gpoor.lman's mili" othrnew. patterpn,Iu connection with two arastras, is being built to work ore which yields $1CO0 to $150 per ton. barman Gray is working a leased claim there which assays on an average $1,700 per ton in gold and silver. A lot-of it put through the Red Bluff mill, however, only paid about $60 per ton. He is taking out a large quantity of ore and proposes to ship East, where he can get a full return for its value. PONY is quiet, and to look about the half deserted town, one would think it was dying by inches, but such is not the case. The rush is over, and now it is settled down to a reg ular slow, but sure business. The business is confined to two stores, a blacksmith shop and two hotels. In point of comfort for the weary traveler, the hotels are ahead of many larger Montana towns. Both the Reele house and Allen's hotel woud be cred itable houses in any of our cities. The pro prietor of Allen's hotel carries on the black smithing business and is also interested in farming. Mr. Reele, of the Reele house, de votes his attention to the developing of his various quartz mines, and Mrs. R. superin tends the hotel. Of the halt dozen quartz mills at Pony only one 10-stamp was in op eration. The other mills Mbr various rea sons are idle. One cause of the slowness of operations here is the tough iron pyrites which is found low down in the mines. This iron is hard. to work and for some cause or other the operation in it has not been successful. Another cause of the quietude is the want of teams to haul ore, but probably a more reasonable cause is the lack of nerve by the owners of the best mines and mills. I am convinced that the stupor ot things is not on account of the want of rich ore, for I learn that there are a number of mines that pay $100 and up wards to the ton. Ot these I may name the White Pine, Nead, Willow creek, Key stone, Clipper, Brooklyn and Idogo. Thos. Carman is working the White Pine, and his clean-ups seldom fall short of $100 to the ton. Mr. McKaskel is working the Key stone, and at the time of my visit was run ning out $100 and upwards to the ton. But with these statements let me say that with all of this wealth in lead property easily worked and quickly realized, these men em ploy but few hands, apparently feeling con tented .with a slow lifetime job of hard knocks with their own hands. This is an other reason why Pony looks dull, shatter ed and shabby. The Atlantic and Pacific leads are probably the largest paying veins in the Pony country. Their width is about 60 feet. Some of the lead matter .is hard but stratas of soft decomposed' rock follow through the veib which is exceedingly-rich. One run oilover 100 tons went $900 per ton. The ore is easily extracted, and the mill site and other advantages are so convenient that it is estimated that $6 ore could be worked with profit. Hon. H. H. Mood is one ot tihe principal owners of these leads, and I would not be surprised that he may develop a bonanza in them one of these days. WILLOW CREK is skirted by several thousand acres o fine farm land and probably a dozen farms and homes already taken up. The most desira ble spots J. J. Boyer & Bro. are first at the upper end of the valley. They have a nic4 location for their business, dairying and stock-raising. My visit there was both pleasant and instructive. At H. IH. Mood's, which is next below, I spOent some hours in looking at fine horse stock. This is one of the best improved farms on upper Willow. In the stroll about the premises to look at fine stallions, mares and colts, we crossed nearly a halt-dozen pastures from which timothy hay had been mown this season, and were putting torth green and beautiful. One of the best looking stallions [ have no ticed in my trovelg is Mood's Royal Ben. pie is 17 hands high and weighs 1,500 lbs. This is truly the model horse ranch of sast Madison county. In company with Mr. M. and seated in his neat buggy, drawn by one of his flune match teams, I had a pleasant ride down the creek, callibg upon my friends Wm. Forte, Frank Ball, R. Goins and James Riches, and a number ot others whom we found in the full enjoyment of good health and prosperity. These people have some of. the finest farm locations in this section, and produce a large amoount.of grain yearly. They have a neat school house in their midst, in which school is kept in progress about half of each year. I was charmed with the beauty of the willow girded valley and ple:isaut homes overlook ilg they cheerful streami WILL. ---- - S-- - UrP~~F-- THE CONFEr..ENCE AT WILLOW CREEK. EDITOR HUSBANDIMAN\T: We arrived at Stateler chapel, on Willow creek, at halt-past eleven o'clock, Friday, September 12th, after a most enjoyable morning ride from Mr. Spalding's. Bro. Stateler came out of church to welcome us. He said services had just begun,. to hurry up and we would be in time to hear Bishop Keener's first sermon to the conference. Of course we hurried; went into church with out taking time to arrange our toilets, and were in time to hear the greater part of the sermon, though we missed the text and In troduction. Just in front of our seat was a whole seat full of little boys, ranging from eight to twelve years old, who behaved just like little gentlemen, paying the strictest atten tion to every word the Bishop said,. and keeping perfectly quiet. I did not see one of them turn his head or misbehave in any manner. 'After the sermon, a young Mr. Eva was ordained Deacon. Conference met again at 3 o'clock, and was in session until five. Services were held at half-past seven p. m., Bro. Craven officiating. After preaching, he invited'all Christians in the house to come torvard and shake hands with the preachers. It seem ed that two-thirds of those*present respond 'ed. How delightful to find one's self in such a religious element. Saturday morning the conference con vened at 9 o'clock. We were there in time to hear the Sabbath-school question discuss ed, and were especially benefitted by the Bishop's remarks on the training of child ren. He is eminently qualified to talk .on that subject, for lie has raised a family- of 'his own with satisfactory results, for he has three sons, all of whom are preaching. His daui ters are also "members of the house hold of faith." What a happy father he is ! The Bishop preached at 11: o'clock, taking his text from the parable of the rich man :and Lazarus. I wish every person in Mon tana could have heard that sermon; more especially those who try to.believe in uni versal salvation. His arguments were un answerable. He. proved so clearly that God's law would be of none effect it there was not a penalty for the violation of that law;- that the law was given in love; that we might have freedom ; that there is no freedom without law; and that Gbd, to be just, must exact the penalty for the viola tion of law. Conference convened at 3'o'clock for the last session. At half-past seven the anni versary missionary service commenced; the Bishop lecturing on missionary wprk in a very effective manner, for when the collec tion way. taken it amounted to $160. Bro.' Stateler said, "Let the cent lbution be wor thy of Willow creek," and I think It ,was. As one woman said; when told how much was collected : " Well, they do beat all to fling in over there. Love-feast commenced at nine o'clock on Sabbath morning-Bro. Clark in the pulpit. It lasted until 11 o'clock, and'then not more than one-half of those who desired to tes tify for Christ had opportunity. At 11 o'clock the Bishop preached a pow erful sermon to a crowded house-yes, crowded to overflowing, for gany stood at the windows on the outside.' After preachl. ing the church was dedicated. There wais preaching again at 3 o'clock, Bro. Stanley officiating; after which Bro. Craven was ordained Elder. Then the Lord's supper was administered to more persons than I have ever before seen par take of itat one time in Montana. The doors of the clhu'h were then opened and there were se,~ral accessions. Sabbath eveniihg the Bishop preached from the text, "' ThaJwhlch is born of the tbshis flesh, and that which is bornof the Spirit is spirit," ploving the reality, and necessity of conversion. After preaching, the appointments were read, sending the preachers all back v'hvere they had been, and leaving Helena. and. (Qoncludied on 7th p.ge.),