T''nE suit recently instituted in Deer
Lodge county against Smith & Beacher, for
transgressing the territorial law in regard
to diseased sheep, will perhaps be made a
test case. Just how it may terminate is
hard to predict. In the courtst tof the terri
tory it will probably go against the drover,
but in the Supreme court, if carried there,
it will be uncertain. It is a question very
similar to the one that has agitated Missou
ri, Kansas and Illinois more or less for the
past ten years in regard to Ve shipping and
driving of Texas cattle, Into those states.
Legislation against Texas stock failed to ef
fect anything. 'hose who tried to enforce
the state laws found themselves involved in
an expensive lawsuit, with all to lose and
nothing to win. Texas stock continued to
pour in until the people in the border coun
ties commenced to collect together in squads
and shoot down the cattle from the brush
as the herds passed. This afforded a tem
porary check, but after the railroad era
was inaugurated, raw Texans were hurried
into the very heart of these states unship
ped and driven by night to the owner's pas
ture, where they could not be reached.
Thus every attempt was baffled and it is
probable the same state of things would ex
ist there to-day if the business was profita
ble. What the experience of these states
on the Texas fever question may teach
Montana on the scab question we are not
yet prepared to say. We regard it as nearly
similar and believe it will be as hard to deal
with. The free commerce between the
states cannot be interfered with, yet if the
flocks of Montana were free from scab there
would be a good plea for legislating against
the disease. We have scabby flocks in our
midst and it is necessary to move them, and
owners should have some rights and privi
leges in regard to driving. The existing
law scarcely recognizes any. It is very
wrong for a drover with scabby sheep to
drive on to the immediate range ot one
who has a flock free from it, and put him to
the expense of re-dipping his flock, and
there should be something more than honor
to prevent such damage, while there should
certainly be some route by which sheep
from the west could reach our boundless
prairies beyond the mountains without risk
to the owner. We trust the mooted prob
lem may be solved in a way best calculated
to prosper the wool interest of the terri
SHEEP AND WOOL.
There is an improvement "all hlong the
line" in the market for woolen fabrics. Re
ports from all points show a most promis
ing state of the trade and an increasing de- 1
mand for domestic woolens. Our last
weekly report of the wool market, here and
elsewhere, shows an upward turn in prices
and a firm tone. The mills are reported as
working their hands on full, and overtime,
even, to fill their orders for heavy weight
goods. A steady duplicating demand in
the most desirable lines of goods for men's
war is an excellent feature of the trade,
and manufacturers are therefore running
their mills early and late to fill these orders
so that they can turn on to spring goods as
soon as possible, for which the outlook is
very promising. One of our best informed
eastern exchanges says that already a great
nianyorders for spring goods have been
qluletly placed. That there will be a large
trade in these fabrics does not admit of I
doubt. Splendid crops and the business re- I
vival in all branches of industry, put this
question out of the domain of controversy,
for these things put money into the pock
ets of the people.
There has been under-consumption of
good woolen goods fbr several years be
causeof "hard times." Thousands of men
who were out of employment, are now at
work, and the consumptive demand for ev
ery class of goods must necessarily enlarge.
Good times have come.
It may be asked of what interest this is to <
the raders of the American Stockmnan. VWell,
itut this: In this tournal the sheep and t
wool interest has a firm ally andi advocate.
We hail with satisfaction every indication t
uf prosperity to this important industry. I
We desire to see it prosper and expand.
No country on the globe has finer sheep- t
wvaiks than we have, or possesses better ad- a
'antatcs to make the Lusiness ot" wool- 1
growing profitable. We have steadily
stood by it heretofore through all phases of
its history since journalism has been our
profession, and we shall abate nothing in
the future of the interest maintained hither
to in this great branch of husbandry. It is
an economic question involving both food
and raiment; food than which that of no
animal is more healthy or nutritious; and
rhiment which, for usefulness and comfort,
that made of no other material can equal or
This country is consuming more wool by
far than ever before in its history, and it is
more than probable that the consumption
will increase. Buyer from New England
are now abroad purchasing wool required
for their trade-that is, the class and styles
of goods made by certain mills-because
such wool is not grown in America, or, at
least, in sufficient quantities to supply their
requirements. But we can grow it. We
can produce every style and quality of sta
pie which enters into the manufacture of
goods of whatever kind or quality. The
climate and all the conditions necessary to
grow every grade, from the finest Siles
ian to the coarsest carpet wools, are pres
ent in the United States, and in time, if no
harm comes to this industry from unfriend
ly influences, they will be grown in quanti
ties adequate not only to supply. our own
wants, but as is now the case with our cot
ton goods, compete successfully in foreign
markets for the world's trade in various
kinds of woolen fabrics.
The demand for mutton will increase for
home consumption when farmers pay more
attention to raising the best mutton breeds,
and produce meat which in quality shall fa
vorably compare with English mutton.
Then, too, the foreign demand tor it will
expand, for it is only such as approximate
to the English and Scotch standard that
bring a price that .can stand the cost of
tr ansportation.-American Stockman.
THE JIBBING HORSE.
There are inany ways of starting a jibbing
horse. Indeed, as for a human ailment, ev
erybody has a different receipt-but the
right one. Some advocate the Dutchman's
plan-build a fire under him. This is effect
ual, as it is calculated to render the animal's
nerves steady. Try it, by all means; and
if that does not do, pour sand in his ears.
Never mind it you do make him deaf for
life-who wants a jibbing horse? If the
sand trick won't work, cast oft the traces,
tie his tail fast to the cart and start him off.
After this dodge he may never sulk again,
but the chances are he may be minus a tail.
Never mind who wants a Jibbing horse? It
this plan fails, stand in tront of him and
blow in his nostrils. In wonder at the ri
diculous appearance of the fool under his
nose, he may forget the cause of his stub
bornness, and move off. If he doesn't, let
three or four men catch him by the head,
and drag him along. If the last is no go,
thrash the hide off of him. Do not seek to
find the cause of his jibbing. Don't look
under the collar to see if there is a blister,
or reason whether the load is too heavy for
him. Give him a curse and a blow instead
of a kind word. He is only a dumb brute,
and it does not matter. Do not, under any
consideration, give him time to get his
wind when he stops after a hard pull, but
lay the whip on until he is beatten to a
standstill. Break his spirit down; let him
know that you are master and tyrant, not
master and friend. There is one way some
foolish people have of managing a Jibbing
horse, anid that is to take him out of the
shafts, unharness him, walk him up and
down a few minutes, then harness again
and hitch him up. ie will invariably start
right off, and not be apt to repealt his trick,
unless imposed upon. /Try it.
SHIPPING CATTLE DIRECT.
It is under consideration among cattle
shippers of Chicago and prominent ship
pers in other portions of tile west, appre
clating the danger to which western stock ls
subjected in its course of exportation
through New York, to secure an outlet by
way of Portland, Me. The proposition is
to fit up a line of cattle boats, making XPort
land and one or two other Eastern ports the
points of shipments fbr Chicago exports
tions, interior conveyance to be found in
special ears over the proposed new lie to
Detroit Junction, and thence direct to Toat
land by way of the Grand Trunk railroad.
We suppose the dominion government may
have something to say in this matter. Can
ada is making a good thing on the cattle
embargo, and will not like to lose " their
grip." All United States ports being under
embargo, we do not see how Portland is to
become different from other ports; yet it
might be 'worth something to show the
British government that Western cattle
were healthy--but.-Pr'airie Farmer.
Thos. Phair, of ?M'arshalltown, Iowa,
brought in to-day 18 head of steer:, averag
ing 1,312 lbs, which sold for $5 per cental.
The cattle were 2 years old this summer.
Among the hest cattle offered in the mar
ket to-day were 28 steers, fed by J. T. Alex
ander, of Alexander, Morgan County, Ill.
The .only obljection to them was that they
were too heavy by some two hundred lbs.
Their average weight being 779. As it was
they brought $5.271.-Am. Stockman.
PERCHER, ON-NORMAN HORSES.
Stallions afnd mares forsale.
Correspondence solicited. Address, Watson
Beaverhead County, Montana. 6-4in.
BENNETT & GOODALE,
Importers and breeders of Thoroughbred
Spanish Mierino Sheep.
Are now prepared to supply the wool-growers of
the Territory with plure-bloods of either sex.
Inspection invited. 1'. 0. address: (amp linker,
C & II. EDWARDS,
Importers and Breeders of
IMPROVED AMERICAN MERINOS.
A FEW CHOICE RAMS FOR SALE.
Elk Grove Ranch, 7 miles west of Bozeman.
P. O. Address, Bozeman, M T. ' 34-6m
S EDMAN & McGREGORrY,
THOROUGHBRED SHORT-HORN CATTLE.
valley, Mtadison county,
and the Sweet Grass and
JAMES J. MAYNE.
Range Missouri val
ley. vicinity of Canyon
Ferry; alsto, on Smith
PI'. O.-Canyon Ferry
Also 24) branded -- on the right side and nun
der the tall.
BROOK & MOWER!.
VRatlln e - ileaver heol
valley, between Rtuby
river and Mcl(is..r
J. G. SARTElI.
valley, from While
Tail to Sewlan creek.
I'. O. Address-Camp
S. MARKS & BRO.
valley, from Camp
Baker to Rim Rock. },
P. J. MOORE & BRO.
and 2Miscleshell Val
dale, 3I. T.
MAiK.--IIalf crop in lell ear, and .vultle on
TIHOMAS COOXEY. , .
Vallev, fromn (Confed
crate to Cave gulch.
Post Ollie --Canyon
Ferry, M. T.
Valley, from Ca(:nip '
Baker to the canyon.
Baker, M. T.
MARuK.-Swallowlork in left ear, and wattle on
J. V. STAFFORD.
Range -Missouri val
ley, from Canyon :'er
ry to Duck creek.
valley, from Duck
creek to Cave gulch.
Es R Ra n g e-- Muscleshel
Martinsdale, M. T.
KROFT & FLEMING.
valley, fronm Camp liti
ker to Rini Rock iloun
P. O.-Diamond City.
Sj NELSON BUMP.
1 valley, from lmouth of
White's gulch to k)ulick
HIorse Brand: the same on the left shoulder.
GABDDIS & BRYAN.
of Smith River.
P. O.-Camp Baker,
S Post Ofice-aiumond
City, M. T.
JAMES E. CALLAWYAY,
THOROUGHBRED BURHAM CATTLE.
Breeding to milk strains a specialty. Young
stock for salle.
valley, ft en Puller's
SSprings to IHome Park
ranch, Madlison county.
P. O.--Virginia City
Mark--)Over-bit in each
ear, and lpelldalnt nlu
* talic tug in either car.
uBrand-Triangle C on lelt hip as in above
G. L. LEWIS.
valley. i'iom Camp Bukt1r
to the cauyon. )
Post oflee--Caln Th a
E Mark---Dulap. Crop off of righit ear and a l:ote
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