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IN an age of progression like this would it not be well for the beef grower of Monta na to look out for some animal better suit ed to the country than any of our present improved breeds. Not that it is so impor taht we have a better beef steer than the Shorthorn or Hereford, either of these are good enough so far as the Mesh is concern ed, but we need a better range animal, and this we believe can be produced. It is well kown that few of ou- native buffalo ever die of the severity of the winter or of star vation, and an intermingling of this blood with the Short-horn, it is believed, would make a better grazer without imnparing the beet qualities. The mountain bison lives the year round upon the very sunmnitof tihe Rocky Mountains. An old mountaineer as sures us that the herd of this species of buf falo which range between Boulder and Deer Lodge, on the very mountain tops, winter much better than the domestic cat Ile in the valleys on either side. Now by .crossing those animals with tile Short-horns the hardness of the hiatter would be greatly improved, and we doubt if the beet would not be at all injured. We would rather think that the flavor of the beef would be also improved. An animal of the Short horn family with a quarter or eighth butfa lo, either the mountain or plains species, would, we think, be an improvement upon the pure-blooded Short-horns, and would like to see some of our progressive breeders make the experiment. There is no trouble in securing the calves. Buffalo are thick in big bend of the Musselshell, and calves when separated from their mothers will fol low a horseman anywhere. Our present -cattle are good and profitable to handle, but this does not argue but what we may get a cross breed that will be better. Halt and quarter bred buffilo have been had in the Teototoy but were killed on account oh their proclivities for breaking fence, but on our frontier valleys there are no fences. It has been claimed by Nebraska fiarmers who have tried the cross that timhe dairy qualities of our domestic brttle are improved by the buffalo cross, but if the present standing of the Short-horn in beef and milk can be maintainned and the'stattmitia of tile blltflo ad'ded we would have an animal worth striving for, and believing such to be within reach, we would recommend that some of .... oo"..no make the experiment. WORDS ON WOOL. We clip the following from the Wool Growers' Bulletin: WHY WOOL SHOULD NOT.BE WASHED. Of course we speak from the growers' standpoint. Manulacturers anlI handlers of wool can do as they please about washing and scouring. The reasons for not wash ing are many, and column alter colnumn has been tilled with reasons against, but little has been said for. As to "brutality to ward the sheep," while it seems unnatural to plunge a sheep into a pond of water, and few animals have a greater aversion to wa ter than sheep, yet it is not harder on their constitutions probably than a cold, drench ing rain. The great objection to washing, we think, lays from a moral point of view. The prayer of all prayer says, "Lead ius not into temptation." We know this is violated by the flock-master every tine he drives his sheep to waslh. He is tempted to not wash them quite as clean as a great deal of care and tine will do. There is "mtioney in it" for him to be a little careless about it, and some are very careless about it. This mat ter it further aggravated by the careless manner in which wool is bought by local and other buyers who seem to make little or no difference in price whether wool has been well washed in a running stream of soft warm water, or merely driven through a turpid pond. And right here is another strong point in favor of not washing. This practice of washing seems to have begun when there was lentfy of pure, soft, warm, running water, yet even in the same neighborhood. on the "other side of tihe ridge," is a stream of "hard" water, which not only does not was but actually Injures the wool. Every careful buyer has discovered this. We give these points in washing, and claim to speak by authority, that is from ex perience on both sides of the question. Yet we presume that few, if any, wild change their custom of washing. Each one will be afraid of losing, just as so many are afraid of losing in sending wool to the Wool Growers' exchalnge, at tile same tine ac knowledging the principal to be correct-ll "we would only do it." Well, somebody i must begin, or no reforms will ever be ac sompliahed in washing wool or anything else: SHALL WI WASH OUR wOOL? In nearly~every agricultural paper we pick upsbfound somethlngon "washing sheep," anod we are often asked the above question c by letters. With the experience we have I had from the time, as a bare-footed boy, we S drove the flock to the "sheep dam," then in I shearing and in selling, and more recently in handling wool In a wool house, and be- I ing thus thrown among all classes of wool s buyers, we should say to wool-growers, do e not not wash your wool on the sheep's f back. We are also asked the question, c "Had I best wash my wool on the sheep's back, or tub-wash it ?" We should answer a to this, It' vou wash at all. was on the a sheep's back. Wool cannot be well washed a in a tub with coldl water, and to wash with s soap alnJ warm water requires to be done s by some one who understands it. There is r danger uf injuring the fibre by ''lulling" or c felting, and of "setting the grease" so that r a manufacturer has mtore trouble in "scour- t iltg" than if it had not been washed at all. e it, fact the washing of the well by the grow- t er does not relieve tie manufacturer of any v labor to speak of. The wool still has to be t .-coured. We should then say it is better 1 for all concerned that the grower should t not attempt to wash his wool. c wHY wASH WOOL? s Thle great reason or only reason that can t be urged as we can we can see for washing ii wool, is that it has become a custom of the i country, that is, of this section of the coun- t try. Buyers generally "dock" one-third i for unwashed wool. Men who have heavy 1i wool do not wash, they can afford to have I this usual dockage. while those who have d the average or lighter crops if they did not wash would be injured or unjustly discrimi uated against by this one-third dockage. So each individual farmer is afraid to break away trom the old custom for tear it would i be money out of his pocket, and thisis why lie washes his wool. HOW TO 8HEAR WOOL. We have alluded to this before, but there are so many points in this connection that we might have an article in every number, and still not exh..ust the subject at the end of the year. To begin. Try to keep the fleece togeth er as much as possible. This can be done and is done by somie carelll shearers, and at the same time some careful shearers, "skirt" 1 the fleece as they go along by tearing off the neck, belly, legs, &e., oil tie fleece. When this fleece comies to be rolled up it any of these parts atire outmmitted and go into another fleece, the buyer if he knows his business discovers that thlere is the wool from two fleeces rolled togeth"r, and he immetliately suspects "st.tling;" does not know what else may be rolled in, and either begins an examination of tile fleece or else walks oil without saying a word. As to what difference this makes, wheth er two fleeces or two parts of different ,,eeces are rolled together it would seem - scarcely necessary to state, but, there may be persons who do iot take time to consid er that one fleece may be XX and another - No. 1, and \yhen a buyer wants No. 1 wool I ie does not want several pounds of XX rolled up inside of his purchase and vice - versa. I All produce and merchandise seems to be - on the decline. Wool, while declining with tile rest, still holds a comparatively strong position. Many persons blame the iron ,t imen for being the cause of all of this de I moralization of the market in allowing iron s to run up or rather putting it up to a point It where they could not hold it, and being one a of the great products of our country as well as entering largely into merchandise, drag I ged everything down with it. We are of - those who think that wool is one of the ar 5 titles that can stand upon its own feet, and i as soon as it can recover from the general e tumble, we may look out for reaction and a s strengthening of prices. Put in the mean OI time enough farmers will be likely to get It scared to afford food for the sharks that are hovering and noising about to catch the I weak and unwary,. CITY BUTTER. Not all the butter we eat is manufactured by the ingenious city dealer, whose only and best cow is the pump, which furnishes the water to wash the dirty grease. The creamel:ies furnish quite a limited quantity of really choice butter. and during most of the year our country friends send in liberal supplies. Much of the country butter is of excellent quality, and finds a ready market at high prices among the wealthier classes. A good portion of it though is poor stuff, which finds its way to market via country merchants, hucksters, and commission houses. The country merchant with an eye to business buys almost any kind of butter his customers offer. His best customers may be the poorest of butter malers, but to refuse to buy the sour, cheesy and fre quently dirty butter they bring would be to lose otherwise valuable customers. So the greasy compound, which has run the gaunt let of dirty, sweaty hands, filthy pails and pans, musty and no;some cellars, accumu lating fresh odors, dirt and hair at every stage of its existence until its originality, r excepting the hair of the cow, is totally lost, finds a ready purchaser in the genial mer chant, who, with a full appreciation of its merits, pitches the nasty conglomeration, as likely as not, into an empty fish kit or soap box in proximity to rags, kerosene, tar I ant feathers. When the accumulations are sufticient the ancient and unsavory mass is shipped to the 'city, where after further mixing, working'and coloring, it is placed on the market as creamy butter. Of course not all the hltter the country merchant buys is of such detestable quality. Almost every locality is blessed with some choice butter makers, tidy housewives, under whose clever and cleanly manipulations, the thick yellow cream is tronsformed into de licious, crisp, golden butter. These cus tonwers are well known to the country mer chant, and the butter they bring is carefilly saved for his own table, lor his village cus tomers, the ubiquitous drummer and favor ite train men. The sippy of strictly choice butter very rarely exteeds the wants of these fvored few, so onl; the refuse stuff at which any decent houiewife, if awat e of its true character, would elevate her nose in disdain, is left to slhip;o the unfortunate denizens of the large citis.-Ex. IT is estimated that tie Hill estate now owns about 39,000 head )f cattle of all ages. It includes eight ranmhes, the principal range being 160 tiles inlength by 60 miles in width at the upper etd, and tapering to a point at the other. It is situated between the Union Pacific railbad and the South Platte river, and reaeches westward to the foot hills, including poltions of Colorado, Wyoming and Nebraski. Within the past two years there have )een added to the herd. by purchase, 17,t0 cattle from Texas, while the calves brandtd within that time numbered about 8,000 head. Within the t same period 25.021 ha,% been marketed for beef, and 17,000 will be marketed .this year. SThe value of the estatt is estimated at $1, 500,000.-National Liv' Stock Journal. BREEDERS' DIRECTORY. MAGNQLIA STOCK AND FFRRY RANCH. CANADIAN GIANT. This horse is a three-quarter blood Cly desdale, one-lquarter Vermont Morgain; dapple brownl, with Hack points, inane and tail; stands sevenIt.l hands high, alnd weighs 1,700 pou ids; was imported from Calllda a yearlilg ;lid brought to Montala last year by his present owner ; he is now 7 years old. Price, fol the season, $25, with the privilege of returning all mares that miss next season, free. LOUIS PHILIPPE, Jr. This colt was sired by imported Norman Louis Philippe, damt an Oregon mare ; iron gray, ldark points, fifteen hands and one inch high, and weighs upwards of 1,200 pounds ; very closelI made and extra heavy boned ; 3 years old. Price, the season, $10, with the privilege of returning mares that miss next season, free. RUBE and NED. Dark bay and chestnut sorrel, Oregon stock; have proved themselves good breed ers; both weigh over 1,200 pounds. Price, the season, $5. These horses will stand the coming sea son at what is known as Hedges' Ferry, and having a good pasture of upwards of 1,600 acres, mares from any distance are so licited. Pasturage free till end of the sea son in all cases. Mares taken on shares. Stock of any kind taken in payment for ser vice. Owners of mares responsible for all accidents. Money due at end of the season. Having put the price down to bed-rock, and having a variety of stock, and as good and cheap a terry as there is on the Missouri river, I respectfully invite the boys to give ne a call. NELSE BUMP. ,P. O. Diamond City, M. T. 18-3m AMERICAN MERINO SHEEP. J. Bell. J. BELL & SON, R.M. Bel. Breeders of and Dealers In Thoroughbred Sheep of the purest and most desirable strains, Brighton, Ills. Correspondence solicited. Orders for stock will receive our prompt attention Sheep deliver ed at the terminus of the Utah & Northern railroad at from $14 to $25 per head. 23-tf. J. H. MING. Range-From Fort Logan to Benton P. 0. address--el ena, M.T. G OODAIE BROS. Importers and breeders of Thoroughbred COTSWOLD AND Spanish 31erino Sheep. Are now prepared to supply the wool-growers ol the Territory with pure-bloods of either sex. Inspection invited. P. O. address: Fort Logan, Montana. sep-43-3m JAMES MAULDIN, BREEDER OF PERCHERON-NORMAN HORSES. Stallions and Mares forsale. Correspondence solicited. Address, Watson Beaverhead County, Montana. G-4m. M. W. DUNHAM JUST IMPORTED 36 HEAD FOR HIS O,.KLAWN STUD OF PERCHERON-NORfI N HORSES. ANOTHER IMPORTATION Will Arrive About March 1st. P V Largest and Mtost C onplete Establish ment of the Kind in the World. , More than 200 Stallions and reas, Imported 'rom Best Stud Slbtles of France. Winners of First Prizes in Europe and America. Awarded First Prizes and Gold Medals at the Uni Aersal Exposition at Paris, 1878. First Prizes and Grand Meduals at Centennial Exhibition, 1876. The public appreciation of its merits is indicated by the great demand for stock from every part of the country. During the past twelve months, the provinces ot New Brunswick. Canada, and the States of New York Pennsylvania. Ohio Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas, Texas, Louisiana, Colorclo, Nevada, California and Oregon, and Utah, Wash ington and Idaho Territories have drawn supplies from its stables. 100 page Catalogue- finest thing of the kind ever issued, 25 pictures of Stallions and Mares, sent free on application. H. W. DUNHAM, 47-6mos Wayne, Du Page Co., Ills. $'N. B.-All imported and pure native bred animals recorded in Percheron-Norman Stud Book. CHARLES ANCENY, BaEaDER OP Thorounhbred and Grade Short-Horns. Correspondence and In spection Solicited. Pange-between West Gallatin and Madison rivers. Post-offitee address Hamilton, Gallatin Co. Montana. I.ttriro.s, Gallatin Co., M. T. 50 SEDMAN & McGREGORY, BREEDiRa OF GRADE AND - THOROUGHBRED SHORTHORN CATTLE. valley, Madison county and the Sweet G(rass and Yellowstone, Gallatin county. P 0.---Adobetown, JAMES J. MAY¶E. Range Missouri val ley, vicinity of Canyon Ferry; also, on Smith t river valley. P. O.-Canyona Ferry Also 200 branded- on theright aide and nna der the tal. JONAS HIGGINS. E Range-- Muslesh Valley. Address--F. Oaugle Martlnsdale, A. T. T. J. FLEMING. Range--Smith rlve valley, from Camp l ker to Rim Rock mouti tains. P. O.-Diamond Clty} NELSON BUMP. Range-On Missoau valley, from mouth a White's gulch to Dut_ creek. Post Oflico-DiamondM Horse Brand: the same on the left shoulder. GADDIS & BRYAN, Range-Sonth Fo. of Smith River. 1P. O.-Fort Logan. M. T. BROOK & MOWERI, Range - Beaverheat valley, between Ru. river and McKia_ creek. P.O .-Salisbury Mo.. tana. J. G. SARTER. Range--Smith river valley, from White Tail to Newlan creek. P. O. Addlress-Fort Logan. S. MARKS &.BRO. Range-Smith River valley, from Camp Baker to Rim Rock. Address, Diamond City, Montana. P. J. MOORE & BRO. Range--Smith river tand usneleshell Val leys. Post Office-Martins dale, M. T. MARK.-Ialf crop in left ear, and wattlesi each jaw. JOHN LINK. Range--On Mlssoud valley, front puc creek to Cave gulch. Post office--Diamong City. JOHN T. MOORE. Rahge--Smith river Valley, from Fort Logan to the canyon. Post Ofllce---Fort Logan, M. T. MARx.-Swallowiork in left ear, and wattle d right jaw J. V. STAFFORD. Range -Missouri val ley, from Canyon Ter ry to Duck creek. Post office---Canyon Ferry. G. L. LEWIS. Range---Smith rive valley, from Fort Log' to the canyon. Pontonio -FortLogpy Montana. Mark---Dulap. Crop off of right ear and a hol in left AMES E. CALLAWAY, J BRREEDR OF GRADE AND THOROUGHBRED DURHAM CATTLE. Bretd)rg to milk strains a specialty. Young stock for ale. Range---Upper Bu valley, from Pull Springs to Home Pa's ranch Madison countr, P. d.--Virginia CtlF, Montana. Mark-.Over-bit In ead ear, and pendant Ae talic tag in either ear. Brand-Triangle C on lelt hip as in ahoe cut. MONTANA CATTLE (O Range--Amerlcan Fork Musselshell valley. Post-office address- Martinsdale, Meagi5 county, Montana, sag S Helena, Montana. Also, owners of cattle bearing s',e following brands, and owners of the brands : T on left side or ribs. on leftside or rm on left side or ribs Son left hip ad on left side.