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Rocky Mountain husbandman. [volume] (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, January 04, 1883, Image 2

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R. N. SUTHERLIN, - Editor
W. H. SUTHERLIN, Associate Editor.
THURSDAY JANUARY 4, 1882.
ADVOCATES of tax reformation are rapidly
increasing and it is not Improbable that the
entire revenue will be abolished except on
w hisky and tobacco, and it is possible that
the revenue in these commodities may be
removed also. It would be really like old
times if the revenue stamp should pass out of
use and trade should regulate itself once
more upon the business baisis of ante bellum
times.
IIAvtNc despaired of Edison's electric light
ever performing all that has been claimed
for it, that of furnishing a continuous and
uniform supply of light over a large circuit
for domestic purposes with a sufficient cer
tainty to enter Into competition with gass as
a cheap and valuable illuminator, the
great city's of New York and Paris now feel
called upon to consider some means for
bringing down the price of gass.
Recently the Kansas City Times appealed
to the New York Sun for its cooperation in
an attempt to enact a measure in the pres
ent Congress to pass second class matter
through the mails free of charge, but that
journal declines asserting its ability to pay
its postage and scorns the idea of Uncle
Sam's carrying the Sun tree of charge.
This has a pretty ring yet there are two
sides to the question. A few years ago it
devolved upon the subscriber to pay the
postage on papers, periodicals etc., but the
difficulty of collecting caused a change, re
quiring the ffice of publication to pay the
postage. The proposition of the Kansas
Olty Times to circulate all second class mat
ter free of charge is not a movement alto
gether in the Interest of pub
lishers, but it is to the interest of the general
reader as it will make reading matter that
much cheaper. Looking at it in this light
it will be commendable unless it should pre
vent the proposed decrease of postage on
other matter in which case It would be ob
jectionable.
Tux thirteenth session of the Montana
Legislature will commence at Helena Mon
day next. This body is a fair representa
tion of the general intelligence of the terri
tory and is composed of some of the wealth
iest and best men of the country, and we
have but little fear of its making any very
serious mistakes. Only a very little general
legislation is required and we presume the
session will be short. Some very
important special legislations is damanded
but this need not consume a great deal of
time. Congress should be memorialized on
a number of important subjects. The fur
ther improvement of the upper Mississouri
and Yellowstone rivers, a radical Increase
of mail service throughout our valleys which
are now rapidly tilling up with people and
upon the most important of questions, the
reduction of the Indian reservation north of
the Missouri river, and restricting the several
Indian: tribes of the territory to their several
reservation. But as the people are of one
mind upon these matters the adoption of
such measures will be unanimous. There
are we are glad to know, no radical issues
before the country which this body is called
upon to decide, nor do we think there is any
likely to arise. In fact we predict a short
and expeditious session.
ANOTHER year has swept into tile oblivion
of the past and a new one brought fresh and
crimsoned with promise as a half blown
April rose bathed in dew, has dawned upon
u.. With the dead year, has gone many
promises, hopes and aspirations tilhat were
never realized, as will be the case with the
new, and as to that matter all succeeding
ones so long as lime shall pursue ther endless
cycles, for anticipation is ever prone to out
strip possibility. Yet while all has not been
realized that may have heen looked forward
to with a reasonable degree of hope, the
year has been fraught with good fruits. The
Territory of Montana has made more rapid
strides than ever Letnre,several hundred miles
of railroad has been built,tlhousands have been
added to our population, towns, villages and
hamnlets have sprung into existence where
searcely a habitation existed before, farms
and stock ranches have multiplied upon our
alleys and new homes have crowned our
ooftier until there is scarcely a valley left
ploneer. The crop has been abu,.dant
the harvest of the woollgrower and
man was never better, our mines have
Slted immensely and a general good
S(tvy of Mo
feeliug pcrvades the entire comnmonwealtlh.
and while individuals may have fallen short
of their aspirations the country at large has
made unprecedented str;des and we can say
farewell old year without a regret. for it
none ever serve our people worse we are
launched upon a sea of never endiug pros
perity. Eighteen and eighty three should
be no less prosperous thian '82 has been;
Rail road building will be equally as brisk
so will the improvement of farms and the
building of homes, the population will be
greatly augmented, mole mines will be de
veloped, the yield ol previens metals greatly
increased and if the favorable winter which
now seems probable be followed by a good
seed time and harvewt, the wealth and great
ness of our territory assurced in ihe near fu
ture will he breaking upon us. As for the
IIrsBANDMAN, it has kept pace with the pro
gress aind development of the country. It
has been materially enlarged, dressed a-new,
and in every way materially improved;
much new material has been added to the
offlce, a new press-room and a stetam engine
has been supplied greatly facilitating and
lightening the labor of making a paper.
The patronage has also increased and we are
buoyed up by the hope of a full realization
in the near future of our object in the begin
ning, that, of establishing upon a firm finan
cial balsis, a newspaper denoted to and
meeting the wants of the Montana farmer
and stock-grower. a general farm and family
newspaper in which every member of the
household will be interested and which will
meet with a cordial welcome in every rural
mountain home.
TERRITORIAL.
Butte is excited over the misterious dis- p
appearanoe of Paul E. Beau. Dilligent
search was made but he could not be found.
The Helena Amatuers are playing Damon a
and Pythias at Butte.
Miss Birdie Damon who delighted the
elite of Helena with her charming recita
tions last week, has gone to Birdtail Divide,
to visit her uncles, aunts and cousins.
'"Old Maids Unions" and Dorcas societies
are much in vogue in the east. They would ih
take like wild tire in this section ; there are t
plenty of old maids who would like to form
some sort of a union.-Miner.
The first train on the Oregon railway and
navigation company left East Portland on
thime Tuesday afternoon December 19th.
Passengers came through with one change
to Trout Creek. Missoula county, 536 miles
east of Portland.
lion. Daniel Searles, whose clear head and e
trenchant pen have guided the editorial des- d
tinles of the Miner for the past two years,
left Butte last week for a visit in the east.
The HUsIANDMAN wishes him a pleasant
journey.
Morgan Evans, of Willow Glen, went to
HIelena Thursday to purchase lands. Mor.
gan is becoming one of the largest land own- 'j
ers of the Territory and makes no mistakes i
in his purchases.-New North West. a
The voting to award a gold headed cane I
at the Catholic fair last week, says the 'er
aid, was getting very interesting when at
gettleman got up and declined to be a can- t
dllate. 'his caused the loss of several dol- I
lars to the fair. The result of the vote was, t
lion. Joseph K. Toole, 276; John Shober,
63; E. W. Toole, 40; T. H. Carter, 75; scat- 1
tering, 8. Total 462.
Immediately after the voting, the drawing
for the Greenlhood, Bohm & Co's silver tea
set was commenced--there being 21 nrun
bers drawn by little MamtieChemidlin. The
number entitled to the prize was number
1762, and the fortunate holder of this ticket
is Mrs. I)r. B. C. Brooke.
From the River Press we learn that a com
pany ihas been organized to plan a Boom in
the Mo. river. The principal stockholders
are 'I'. C. Power & Iro.. Murphy, Neel &
Co., the Batik of Northern Montana, the
First National Bank, W. S. Wetzel and 1.
G. Baker & Co. The necessary stock has
been subscribed, and the company is now in
correspondence with some parties of experi
ence in the business as to the cost of a boom
and other considerations. No enterprise
e that has yet been started will be of more
benefit than this, and its success is assured.
'T here were exactly 27,481,141 pounds of
freight brought, up the Missouri last season.
Of this vast amount the Benton ~ P " line
transported 10.850,000 pounds besides about
1,000K000 pounds of way freight. Say the
e upper Big Muddy is not an important artery
of commerce.-River Press.
d Rufus Payne Is rebuilding the house de
5 stroyed by fire a short time since, which
it was occupied by Chas. Bryer and family.
d Record.
Junction City, Custer county, is enjoying
, quite a boom. It is the station where
r coaches are taken for the Maginnis mines,
SFort Custer. Bingham, Buffalo, and Fort
McKinney, and it is destined to be quite a
point in the tuture.-Courier.
it 'he Sweathouse people are quite euthusi
d astic over their mining prospects. Assays
re of quartz rock this winter shoe up as high
Id $400 and $242 per ton. The agricultural
miners are very sauguine of a mieing boom
the coming season.-Missoulian.
Under the impetus given it by the concen
trators and reduction. works already erected,
in course of construction, and to be erected
next season. Pony bids fair to be the livell
est town in tihe county next sunmmer. The
development of tow-grade ores, as well as
the opening of new mines, and increased fa
cilities for reduction, is making this result
extremely probable, to say the least.-Mad
isonian.
The Christmas tree at Argenta had about
eleven hundred dollars worth of everything
on it--exceps a sewing machine aind a live
horse, which were too big for the tree.- Dil
Ion Tribune.
GENERAL NEWS.
There is talk of organizing a vigilantes
Committee in Chkiago.
Langtry's first appearance in Brooklyn
last week was well received. The audience 1
was large and fashionable.
At Bradford, England, on the 28th inst., a
tall chimney fell upon a building full ot op
eratives, many of whom are believed to be
killed. Twenty-two have been removed, two r
of whom are dead.
A Chicago dispatch says, the incorpora
tors of the Electric Elevated railroad are
making a strong push to secure favorable ac
tion from the city council on their scheme.
They propose to make electricity the mo
tive and lighting power.
A Jefferson, Ohio, special says: The Sec
ond National bank has gone voluntarily into
liquidation--$50,000 of its funds being miss
ing. The individual notes of the absconding
cashier, S. T. Fuller, were deposited to make
up the amount on the books. Stock specu
lation in New York is the cause. H. St.
John, assistant cashier, was Fuller's accom
plice.
Rosi Etyuge the actress, protests against
the passion play.
Henry C. Kiesel, city treasurer of Tueson,
and agent for the Budweiser beer company,
St. Louis, has gone to Mexico, a defaulter for
$3.000
Representative Holman, who leads the op
position in the House, against the Pacific
railroads. regards the prospect of the bills
forfeiting to the Government the unearned
land grants to those roads as not very flat
tering this session.
There is great opposition to the play
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" in the Southern
States. Some old slavholders say it is a
gross misrepresentation and an outrage on
the South, and is not to be countenanced.
Many assert that blood-hounds were never
used in most States. The company is gen
erally frowned down in the Southern cities.
The New York Post speaking of the con
dition of the stock market says: It contin
ues to see-saw in a state of uncertainty.
There is no well-defined tendency in either
direction. The season of tight money has
passed, and there is no further cause for ap
prehension on that score.
A New York telegram of the 28th, says :
Two regularly trained colored female pugil
3 ists toed the mark and battered each other
around the historic ring to the Queen's taste.
3 Bessie Williams, when down to her fighting
weight, turns the beamn at 230 pounds. The
husbands of both ladies are experts at the
manly art and have taught their house-wives
how to defend themselves otherwise than by
tongue. They had a bloody, brutal and
vicious fight, and during its progress both
looked like spotted tigresses. Finally, Bes
sie got in a right-hander on Josephines' nose
p and knocked her out of time. A large crowd
a witnessed the scandalous proceedings.
For the first eleven months of this year
e the Wabash systra of railroads has earned
r $22,800,000. For more than the same time
t in '81 the estimated earnings were placed at
$17,000,000 and the net earnings at $12,000.
- Senator Howley has made an amendment
n to the civil service bill. It prohibits solici
station or collection of political contributions
t by officers of the government from other of
e ficers or employes.
I. Col. Crawlord in Lewis county Ky. killed
is Lient. Lyons. Both were drunk and quar
n reled over a girl.
1- At Sy'acuse N. Y. last week, Annie
n O'Brien while drawing water fell into the
se cistern. Her mother tried to rescue her and
-e both were drowned.
i. A Chicago telegram of the 27th, says: So
af cialists in meetihg-last night ifeard long ad
. dresses trom Herr Most, who spoke in a mod
le erate vein about the same as he did in New
it York.
e At Macon Ga., Dec. 27, English & Huen
y gene's warehouse containing 226 bale of cot
ton and a large amount of guano burned
e- early this morning. The grocery of Henry
h& Sherwood was also consumed, Loss $110,
h 000; insured $85,000.
At Fairtield Me., Dec. 2S, the main build
ig ilng ot the Sumerset Fibre Co. burned. A
re huge digester heated by the flames exploded
s throwing the machine in all directions. Jolhn
rt Pooler killed *by falling iron pipe. Loss
a $55,000, insured,
Oscar Wild sailed from N. Y. Dec. 27th.
si- Russia and the Pope have arrangedt a moo
ye dus virendi, one of tihe first results of which
!h will be the Pope will reappoint a Catholic
al Bishop in Poland.
England has proposed to accredit a liplo
matic resident in the Vatlican on the same
footing as the representative at Prussia. The
Pope has acquiesced in the proposition.
The acting Governor of Ireland the Bishop
and other persons of note, in a communica
tion to the Times: says: Notwithstanding
large donations received there must be great
distress from the want of food in Ireland
during the winter.
A Vienna telegram says: Reports receiv
ed from all sarts of the Empire show that
the anniversary of the house Hapsburg is
being celebrated with the greatest enthu
siasm.
At Chester last week, Shaw & Esrav's
woolen mills, with locomotive and machine
ry works, and other imhportant industrial
establishments are closed on account of de
pression in the trade. Large numbers are
out of employment.
Des Moines special says : It is barely pos
sible that Senator Spencer might be found in
Iowa, where he used to live. Thie people
here think he will be detained from Wash
ington by urgent business as long as there is
a prospect of any body being convicted in
the Star Route cases.
The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe rail
road has just negotiated a loan with Kidder,
Peabody & Co. for $15,000,000, issuing that
amount of its new six per cent. collateral
trust bonds.
A number of vessels of the German navy
are being armed with the new bronze torpe
does, the experiments with them having
torned out very successful. The British
Government has also ordered a considerable
lumber of these terrible engines of warfare.
An orginization of Irishmen in Philadel
phia intends to strike a blow at the com
merce of Great Britain by buying only Amer
ican goods, and Boycotting all politicians
who will not do the same.
it is said that the Prince of Wales wins
golden opinions by his eatire impartiality to
politics. Some time ago, when Mr. Glad
stone hadI received a marked slight at Wind
sor, the Prince went out of his way to give
him an exceptional proof of his respect, and
lately Mr. Chamberlain (Radical ex-Mayor
of Birmingham) has, with Sir C. Dike, been
on a visit to Sandringham.
Fortress Monroe Va., is the largest single
fortification in the world. It has already
cost $3,000,000.
A charity fair in St. Louis is "at least
early English." The hall is built te'repre
sent an English town, one of the houses be
ing a reproduction of Shakespeare's resi
dence. There are sports on the green, boys
who sing madrigals, an inn of the real old
fashioned style, a merry-go-round, a Punch
and Judy show, bar-maids (who deal out
nothing stronger than lemonade) and, of
course, all sorts of things to sell.
At an Indiana ball a wan dropped a pistol,
and its discharge wounded the girl with
whom lie was dancing. This was regarded
as an accident until she, finding that she was
about to die, explained that she had quarrel
led with the man and that he had shot her
intentionally, the dropping of the weapon
being a clever trick to conceal the crime.
The Rev. J. W. Whorton stole $2,600 from
his wile at Morrisville, Mo., and eloped with
Mrs. Margaret Gill, the organist in the
Methodist church of which he was paster.
After staying away a year he repented, and
made up his mind to return, obtain forgive
ness, and lead a descent life. But he tound
it impossible to carry out this programnme
1 of reform. His wife refused to receive hinm,
a company of his young townsmen serena
ded him with tin pans, bells, and guns, and
t the Grand Jury indicted him.
I A prominent New York attorney met Os
car Wild at dinner one day and asked him
r what his real opinion of New York was now
I that he had lived here nearly a year.
a " Well, sir," said Mr. Wilde with a placid
t smile, " my opinion is now formed and it is
that New York is a very good place for one
t to stop for dintner on one's way to Yokoe
Ihama."
s The city of Chicago has chartered the tug
Paddy Murphy, at a cost of $2 per hour,
while engaged, and lan allowance of $1,000
I for repairs, to ply between the crib and the
light-house pier during the winter.
The Live Stock Journal very sensibly pro
e nounces Mr. Vanderbilt's maguiticent stable
e of brown stone, marble, plate-glass, costly
d woods, etc., as," millionaire-ish folly."
An Indiana woman gave a patient $400
worth of professional nursing, but. presented
him with a receipted bill on his promising
to marry her. Now that he has broken the
v engagement, she sues for the pay and $2,
500 besides.
I- A Kentucky Judge has decided that' the
t- word " citizen" in the Jnry law of the State
d is not to be taken literally. A juror appear
' ed who was a British subject, havi;g i,-. er
been naturalized. His application t, ' e, x
cused on the ground of alienage wa- ,i,;,
1- for the reason given.
A The fish torpedo, which can do Cverything
i but speak, will be cast into the sI:tade y Ihe
n mole torpedo, an engine of war just 1.iru t
is ed by an officer in the Austrian army. IThe
new invention claims to be a miir t~ flie
most formidable description, which ii, ..,r
o- row in the earth or untder :t :!.i:.:
th either explode at once or wait ,,
ic to do so by its master.
The deaths from cholera .,, ' , ; ir.a.
ico, were so numerous that the bodies of the
victims were burned, it beintg found impos
sible to bury them. In Tonala sixty deaths
per day were recorded.
The cotton report for December shows a
large percentage of increase in some States
of the cotton belt, and approximates the
crop at 6,700,000 bales of 460 pounds each.
Four car-loads of sheep, said to be a pres
ent to Queen Victoria from the Marquis of
Lorne, are awaiting shipment at New York.
Secretary Folger has decided that Sand
wich Islands sugar is manufactured accord
ing to the terms of the treaty, and entitled
to entry free of duty.
Not more than one hundred bids have been
received at Washington for 344.000 miles of
star routes in the West and South, the con
tracts which will he made in January.
'T'hree days continuous rain caused great
floods in Washington Territory and Oregon,
mills, ho ..e, atid .beidges being carried
away. 'I'. e.ileton River rose so rapidly
that dwe 3l me districts were forced
to take re uge in the trees.
The steamer Kate Kinney. with a valu
able cargo, burned at Ferry Landing, La.,
Many buildings in the town wereconsumed,
a high wind carrying blazing brands from
the Kinney inland. The crew and passen
gers lost all their baggage.
An armored carriage, bullet and bomb
proof, has been constructed for the use of
the Turkish Sultan. The palace has been
kept in a state of siege, the Sultan fearing
death at the hands of the soldiers, who are
virtually in rags and greatly opposed to the
appointment of Osman Pasha as Minister et
War.
The parties accused of the outrage on Miss
Bond at Taylorville were granted a change
of venue to the Montgomery County Cir
cuit, thus postponing the trial until the 2nd
of April next. There are no hopes of the
permanent recovery of the victim, and fears
are expressed that the case will never come
to trial.
The French chamber of Deputies almost
unanimously adopted a vote of credit for the
axpeditioni of DeBrazza to Africa.
A London telegram says : Her Majesty's
war ship Undine, has captured eight slave
ships on the east coast of Africa.
Seven hundred and filty soldiers and civ
ilians have sailed for Tonquin.
Parliament is summoned to meet on Feb
urary 15th.
A Dispatch dated at St. Petersburg Dec.
28, says : Basile Zeolotoff, the zealous advo
- cate of popular education in Russia is dead.
s The Globe newspaper has received a second
warning. The Moscow Courier has been
suspended for three months, and the sale of
t single numbers of the Moscow Telegraph has
been prohibited owing to the publication of
forbiuden matter.
'The chief of ordnance has ordered all the
h Krupp guns required by the artillery re
serves. The German Government has rais
5 ed no objection to the execution of the
order.
tr King Alphonso replying to the congratu
n latious of the Cortes. hoped that Spain would
soon win the position among the great na
' tions which belonged to her from her past
h history.
ie The proceeds of recent sale of articles ac
r" cumulated in the (lead letter ofiee amounted
id to $4,497, which sum has been deposited in
e- the Treasury to the credit of the Postoffice
d department.
Te The Senate committee on the District of
~, Columbia has decided favorably on the nom
a. ination of John F. Olmstead, to be Commis.
id sioner of the District of Columbia.
In the Dickson case several witnesses tes
s- titled that Bowen's reputation was very bad,
mi he was a fraud and a cheat.
w Judge Lawrence of Washington has deci
ded that the direct tax act of June, 1862,
id does not, without a separate apt ropriation
is act, authorize the payment of money to a
ie State or Government assistant.
o- Commissioner of Patents, Stockbridge, has
resigned.
A dispatch dated St. Louis the 28, states
that the latest from the Indian Territory
says the Chicotee party in the fight on Sun
day last had seven men killed and it is
thought the Spiochee band lost as many
more. Spiochee and party have gone on to
the Cherokee nation, but he expected to re
turn again and keep up the disturbance.
Reinforcements are hastening to Okmnlgee
to pIotect the capitol. Captain Bates, with
a detachment of United States troops, is also
there, and the soldiers have been ordered to
Enfanta, where there is a good deal of ex
citement, and many of the women and chil
dren have been sent away for safety. Splo
chee is at the head of the loyal party, or
what has been known of "the bands fac
tion," and Chicotee is the principal of the
nation, and of course at the head of the party
in power. He has some 800 armed men un
d(hr him, and Spiochee is said to be nearly
• strong. Both parties are armed with
ne:ruly rll sorts of weapons and seem to be
in an ugly mood ; but it is thought the
T Uitetd States soldiers and Major Tuffts. the
United States agent, will succeed in quiet
ing them and restoring order.
A Victoria dispatch says; The American
:1. Iluvincible sailed from Hong Kong for
iort with a cargo of rice 87 days ago.
, 35 days overdue, and is supposed to be
Io-t.

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