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Rocky Mountain husbandman. [volume] (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, April 17, 1884, Image 1

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VOL. 9 -- WRITE SULPHUR SPRINGS, MONTANA TERRITORY, APRIL 17 188i
__ _ P {I & \ ON A A 1 b .No. 23
I ~_
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PULBLISIIED EVEIRY THURSDAY.
TERMS, - - - $4.00 Per Year.
The ROCKY MOUNTAIN HUSBANDMAN is designed
to be, as the name indicates, a husbandman in every
sense of the term, embracing in its columns every
lepartment of Agriculture, Stock-raish.g, lorti
culture, Social and Domestic Economy.
ADVERTISING RATES.
-. . . . . .
Iwoek 2 3 5 $7I$ $11$20 $30
2weeks 3 4 7 10 12 15 28 40
Imonth 5 12 15 19 21 , 40 o60
3months 10 16 24 30 36 42 80 120
6 months 18 21 36 45 54 120 200
1 year 30 40 60 75 10 180 250
Transient advertisements pavaule in advance.
Regular advertisements payable quarterly.
Twenty-five per cent. added for specal advertise
ments.
Remittances by registered letter, post-office
irder or draft at our risk; but not at our expense.
Any one falling to receive his paper regularly
should notify us promptly by postal curd.
A subscriber desiring to change the post-office
direction of his paper must communicate to us the
name of the post-office to which it has previously
been sent, otherwise we may be unable to comply
with his request.
Sgrinullngal.
7?iRxrc welcome, )joyous, happy, merry
springtime.
SPEED the plow from purple morn until
dusky evening.
MUCH of our new land is in excellent con
dition for breaking this spring.
A BOUNTIFUL harvest almost intvariably
succeeds a long snowy winter.
Sow a tew acres of peas and grow suffi
'ent hogs for home consumption.
- --- - 10 - -
IF you want to grow large potatoes., cut
ne eye to the piece, and drop two pieces in
hill.
Sow while tie land is moist, for the grain
ill germinate anrd come forth without irri
tion.
RUTABAGAS may be sown early, but tur
Ips. except a few for early use, should not
sown until the last of June.
THE garden spot should be thoroughly
riched with manure. It will not pay to
arden except in dry, rich soil.
THERE is a better time coning to our
rmers,-a better time coming. It is the
Iden harvest time.
MONTANA gardeners are troubled Aess with
eeds than any on earth. They find no
ouble in keeping their gardens clean and
at.
THE stores of snow in the mountains are
ell tilled and will furnish an unusual sup
of water this season. Farmers may
efore calculate on having an abundant
ply.
WE insist that every village should ap
int a day for tree planting. It would
be well for every farmer to take a day
the same purpose. Nothing will add so
ch to the home-like appearance of a
'lutry or village home as a nice grove of
es.
CORRESPONDENT of the Western Rural
s if anybody has grown any good Rus
n apples south of the Canadian line!
e answer yes. The Russian varie
is considered one of the best adapted to
r Montana climate. The trees are hardy,
nd the winters well and the fruit grows
ge and prolific.
HIE next meeting of the National Asso
tion of Nurserymen, Seedsmen and Flor
will be held at Chicago, commencing
" 18. This will be a large and impor
t meeting, as we have no more enterpris
class of citizens, or one to whom the
ntry owes more than the nurserymen,
dsen and florists.
E Published a statement last week to
effect that the Welcome oats had been I
mined by a friend of ours,who pronounc- I
them a very poor variety ot grain for I
The objection is a very serious one.
Would be glad to have the opinion of I
ers who may have examined or used r
oats. a
Foa growing potatoes the soil should be
plowed very deep. The best crops we Ihve
seen were grown on new land. that was
bloke the season before. It is best to not
plant more tllhan two crops in succession on
the same land.
THE indications now are that Monltana
will make more progress in the develop
ment ot her mintes this season than she has
ever done before. Should this prove true
there will be market for two and a half mil
lion bushels of oats before the harvest of
1885 is matulred.
THE experiments of frait culture in Mon
tana have been very expensive, but in every
case small fruit has proven a success, and
there are but few instanlces where the small
fruit orchard has inot returined a sufficient
compensation lor all the expense incurred
in experimenting with the larger varieties.
MONTANA can gr,,w grain and ship it to
the ea.stern sea board cheaper than it can be
grown either there or a thousand miles
further west, yet the indications are that it
will he matny years before we will be able
to produce a very great surplus, provided
our mines make as much proigress each suc
ceeding year as they are making this.
'I'HE Germaitowin Telegraph thur informs
its readers how to grow onions "' without
labor:" Prepare a bed, say sixteen feet
square, of proper ferrility, cultivate deep
and r..ke it sinoothiaidl htire. Now, lay on a
board aibout ,lne foot wide at one side of
HEREF RD C W "KTTY.
Property ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - ofM7o ereBo.RrlGe am lnoo.Il
Ou e.stn nth n: ndM= wn. .
your bed, stand on the board and place
your sets close to the edge, say four inches
apart, the entire length of the board. Now
lay down another board one and a halt
inches from the other, place your sets as
before, and proceed thus until the bed is
completed. Leave on the boards until the
onions have matured. Thus you will have
a nice bed of onions without labor, save the
preparing of the bed and placing of the sets.
DAvin W. KING, of Cayuga county, New
York, states that he found the following
mode of management best in setting out
new plantations of strawberry: He begins
one year before setting, and spreads twenty
five or tlhirty loads of manure to the acre in
the fall, and plants corn or potatoes the
next spring. These are thoroughly culti
vated the season through to keep down all
weeds. The strawberries when planted are
kept scrupulously clean, and additionally
enriched with ashes, phosphate, or liquid
manure. Care is required in using straw
for mulching to have it entirely free from
weeds.
BARBED WIRE FENCE DEFENDED.
You touch upon a very important and
timely topic in your issue of March 13th, in
what you have to say in regard to " danger
from Barbed wire." 1 am sure this danger
has been greatly over-estimated. This is a
large country and accidents are numerous.
This was well illustrated by the pamphlets
published some years ago by two rival
reaper manufacturers. One manufactured I
a " front cut" and the other a "rear cut."
e The former gleaned fron the papers pub
P lished from Dan to Beersheba the accounts
s of accidents resulting from the use of rear
(t t machines. The harrowing array of nc
cidents was truly startling, and the firm
seemetl justified in their assertion that in
view of the frequency of these accidents,
rear-cut machines should not be used.
Tihen the rival firm gleaned the newspapers
for accounts of accidents resulting from the
use of wagons, and presented such a formid
able catalogue of injuries and deaths, that
the use of wagons was apparently forever
condemned.
It is so with barbed wire. Not a single
case have I heardl of where it had inflict
ed intjury upon stock but that the in
ii jury was due to tile gross carelessness of
the farmner. And the accidents resulting
from any cause, immediate or rem.ite, in
which barbedl wire is (' n'erned, are ilmuchi
fewer than is generally ltiupposed. I quite
frequently hear men inveigling against
harbed wire on account (of it, dallgers, and
in nine cases out of ten n he n I ask them it
they have ever known ol ant animal being
injured by it, they are fo'rced to answer in
the negative. I have known of two animals
being injured, one slightly and one serious
ly, in the county where I reside,. but in the
same time I have known of m6re damage
beilg done by hedges, twice as much by
rail lences, and ftlly twelve times as much
by dogs. I doubt if one-fourth of my read
ers have ever known of a single animal be.
ing injured by barbed wire. We tested
barbed wire fencing for two Jears and were
so well pleased with it that we are now
using it almost exclusively upon our farms.
Our faith in it is shown by our work--we
put up several miles of it last spring and
expect to put up at least a thousand rods
this spring. We find that it is a cheap fence
to start with-cheaper than rails or boards
and that it requires lese attention afterward
than either board, rail or hedge fence; is
stronger than any of these three, and more
durable than rail or board fence.
But these are the least advantages of its
use. A Virginia rail fence occupies a strip
of land eight teet wide, or one acre for every
mile. The use of this land is lost,and more,
for the fence corners produce weeds, which
must be frequently cut down or else allowed
to grow to do greater damage. A fedge
occupies even more land than a rail fence,
for its roots spread tor twenty feet on either
side, anti it is a gross feeder, while it harbors
both weeds and animal pests. Barbed wire
fencing occupies but very little ground, the I
needs along it are easily kept down, and it I
affords no retreat for small animals; nor
does it blow down in our prairie zephyrs, I
as do board and rail fences.
The plans you suggest to warn stock
away ;.re good. We have no cobble stones
here it the West, bht on our level land we
can ditch in safety. And let me say here
that warning stock is not the only advant
age of ditching and banking. The bank
saves one strand of wire, and the ditch f
drains the water from the posts, preserving a
them much longer. But the best plan of all t
and one which we have tried with eminent a
success, Is to make stock acquainted with
the fence. Lead the horses around the new
fence, stopping frequently to allow them
to investigate the novelty. They will -mell
of the wire and get their noses jagged on
the barbs, and by the time they have gone
the length of the fence, they will know to
their cost that there are wires between the
posts, and that they are not to be fooled
with. The horse is an animal of intelli
gence and good memory. and will not for
get that the wires are there. Fifteen min
utes' investigation will familiarize him with
the fence, and he will never run against it
or attempt to jump over it unless tear drives
out all other mental operations. Cattle,
hogs and sheep are rarely injured by barbed
wire, but they should be driven around the
fence that they may know it is there and
what it ie like. This done, they way be left
in the field in perfect safety. I have heard
it recommended that scrap tin be cut into
three cornered pieces, and one corner be
twisted around the top strand, the tin pieces
giving warning of the fence. This I believe
to be a good idea, though I have never test
ed it, as I never had occasion to do so.
We have quit using all wire for fences.
To make a fence ' pig tight and horse high,'
all of wire requires posts not more than
eight feet apart and eight strands of wire.
This is too expensive; such a fence here
costs us 0435 per mile. or at the rate of
$1.35 per rod. We are now building a com
birnation fence altogether-two boards below
and three stramlds of wire above. We put
ยบ" - -~
ithe posts sixteen feet apart, with short
posts betweenl to which to nail the boards.
Old posts which have rotted off in the
groundlt are used for the short posts. Wr
set the posts at least two feet deep, and then
plow on either side. throwing the earth
itward the posts, Ill we have a ridge and
two ditelhes. 'lleln we plt on the boards
and wires. Such a fence costs us $300 pler
mile. 'This includes all materials, hauling
and building. We use the best galvanized
wire, with barbs three inches apart. This
wire is heavier than ordinarily used.a strand
a mile long weighing from 360 to 375 ibs.
With a little practice the wire can he stretch
ed and stapled very rapidly. The end posts
must be well braced, or the wire will draw
them out of plumb.
This is the Qeason when farmers are pre
paring to .enew their fences. I can assure
them as the reault of wide observation and
no small experience, and alter testing Vir
ginia rail, po.st and rail, post and
board and Osage orange hedge for
fences, that they can find nothing better, all
in all, than barbed wire. Antid when the
monopoly of its manufacture is completely
ended, as I think it will before two more
years have gone, the material will be so
very cheap that it will fast become the uni
versal farm fence.-Cor. Country Gentleman.
-- - T-----1--- -
PLANTING WHEAT.
A Frenchman experimented on the depth
for planting wheat. He made thirteen beds
and planted 150 grains in each, at depths
beginning at seven inches, decreasing to the I
surface. In the seven-inch bed, five grains
Wh out of 150 germinated. They gave fifty
w three heads with 682 grains. This return
in kept on increasing for each bed as it de
Ili creased in depth at which the seeds were
m planted. At 3j inches deep, ninety-three
e seeds sprouted, with 092 heads, yielding
to 18,534 grains; 142 seeds sprouted at 1 inch
le es. growing 1,660 heads and 35,816 grains.
d At the one-half inch depth, sixty-four grains
1- sprouted, growing 529 beads and 15,587
r- grains. On the surface only twenty ger
m- minated, yielding 1,600 grains. As a gener
;h al rule, taking all soils into consideration, a
it one-inch covering is sufficient, more or less
es than that not paying so well. But the diffi
e, culty is in securing a uniform depth of cov
ed ering. It is, no doubt, better to be one inch
ie more than a half-inch less: therefore, the
d sower should aim to cover no less nor more
it than two inches. This can be accomplished
d with tolerable certainty when any of the
-o improved grain drills are used, but not in
)e sowing broadcast.-Farm and Home Cyclo
's pedia.
te 04k1 Ua 4d
DISH WASHING.
n -
Though many do not find "pearls in dish
e water," yet we know that some do find
t pleasure in dish-washing. When my little
"maid-of-all-work" come to make her home
v with me, she had much to learn, and, like
t most girls. had no particular love for the
above-mentioned duty. 1 told her, however,
that if she would follow my directions im
plicitly, in less thon a month she would
love the work which then seemed so dis
tasteful. As the modus operandi might ben
efit others, I will give it, believing that
every duty pertaining to the housekeeper
may be made pleasant, if set about in the
right manner. In the first place, all milk
dishes should be thoroughly cleansed and
scalded. This being attended to at once,
their room give more room, and the same
water is useful for soaking the cooking
utensils, pots, pans, etc., etc. Next, place
on the stove a large tin dish-pan containing
soap, or pearline and water, into which slip
the plates as the table is cleared; then gath.
er all knives, spoons and forks. These
should be washed and polished before (om
mencng on the dishes. Now remove to the
table and wash from the water containing
soap with a clean, clear water, from which
stand perpendicularly to drain in a large
tray, remembering always to use in wash
ing a tooth-brush (kept for the purpose),
about all handles, and cut glass-ware. We
find the tray a great advantage, it so great
ly focilitates the work of drying. After
each place has found its appropriate niche
in the closet or pantry, we turn our atten
tion to the pots and kettles, when lo! a few
vigorous scrapes with a broad oyster shell
removes the loosened particles, and after
one more wash in the water with which we
have rinsed our ciyp towels, the dreaded
dish-washing is over.-Ex.
L Advocate Jumbles.-One cup of butter, two
cups of sugar, one cup of good rich milk,
r four eggs, one teaspoonful of baking pow
der, heaped, a little grated nutmeg and flour
to roll. Dust with white of egg and sift
sugar over before baking.
Tilden Cake.--Oe cupful of butter, 2 of
sugar, I of sweet milk, 3 of flour. . cupful
of cornstarch, 4 eggs, 2 teaspoonfuls of bak
ing powder, and 2 of lemon extract. This
is so excellent that a "bar'l" would not be
too much of it.
Rusl.--Two teacupfuls of raised bread
dough, 1 teacupf-l of sugar, J cupful of but
ter, 2 well-beaten eggs, and flour enough to
make a stiff dough. Set it to rise, and
when light, mould into high biscuit and let
rise again. Sift cinnamon and sugar over
the top and place in the oven.
Orange Pudctiug.-Mix together a quarter
of a pouind each of sugar, bread crumbs and
chopped suet ; add the grated peel of one
Saville orange and the juice of two large
ones; stir In an egg, a pinch of baking
powder, and enough milk to make a light
paste. Boil in a basin one hour and a quar
ter. Serve with sweet sauce.
Pop Robin.-Take one pound of flour and
add new milk, a little at a time, stir it con
tinually with the hand until the flour Is
evenly mixed into small lunps; be careful
not to add too much milk. Put a sufficient
quantity of new milk in a stew-pan, when
nearly boiling stir in the "lumped flour,"
a little at a time, stirring until all is added;
boil from five to ten minutes, then add salt.
To be eaten with cream and sugar.

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