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Rocky Mountain husbandman. [volume] (Diamond City, Mont.) 1875-1943, April 17, 1884, Image 2

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R. N. SUTHERLIN, - Editor
W. H. SUT-4ERLIN, Assc a! ' Ed'r,
--L.
THURtSDAY, APIII, l7, 1851.
Iv active mining operations has any infili
ence upon the farmiing interest of the coun
try, Montana farmers may calculate on a
much better market for their produce this
season than last. Mining is booming in
every direction, and the prospect is lihat a
great deal of wealth will be unearthed .and
put in circulation this season; and the in
crease in circulation will furnish a market
for all Montana can produce, at Dakota and
Walla Walla prices, with freight added.
Old time prices are a thing of the past, but
there is no reason why our farmer, may not
flourish at States prices with freight added.
We believe they can, and the present year
will be one of progress and prosperity in
every branch of trade and industry.
MONITANA as a mining country now stands
itn the lead of any State or Territory in the
Union. The output of mineral, to be sure,
does not compare witl the older States and
Territories, but there is no country that is
attracting so much attention. The reason of
this is the wonderful success attending
Montana operations. The percentage of
failures here has been comparatively small
while many have made colosal fortunes.
Then it is a well known fact that Montana
Is unprospected so far as quartz mines are
concerned. Mining properties, as a rule,
are low, there being but little development,
and the mining world, aware of this and
aware that the Territory has some of the
richest mines the world ias ever prodmed,
is attracted in this direction with the hope
of procuring chei.p properties that are lia
ble to prove fabulously rich. And the con
sequence will be that 1884 will prove the
livliest quartz mining season the Territory
has ever known. Capitalists are branching
out in every direction and are taking hield
of mines heretofore little known, and much
development will be made. Signs of activi
ty are noticeable in every section, and the
time is not far distant when the Territory
will become one vast minling camp, and the
output of bullion eclipse the production of
any portion of A tmerica.
WE this week publish a condensed state- (
ment of the receipts and expenditures of I
Meagher county for the fiscal year ending j t
March 1st, 1884. Though not as volumil- t
ous and complete in detail as lort er reports
have been, it is sufliiently explicit tor all
practical purposes, and will serve to give
our readers a clear understanding of the
situation of the county at present, and the
manner il which its business has been con
ducted for the past year. The expenditures
for the different purposes are carelully
enumerated so that any one ca:t readily un
derstand what has tecomne of every dollar
received into the public treasury. It
appears from the report that the county has
a bonded Indebtedness of $42,000, and otler
liabilities which swells the total debt to
$53,846.20; yet as there is now oi hatnd in
the severail funds, $25,172.36, the aettal lii- 1
bilities of the county is only $28,674.84,, an I
Increase of $3,272.27 over last year, which
is a good showing when we consider that
the bonded debt was increased $5.000 last
year for the purpose of erecting a jail. The
debt is very small, however, when we con
sider the resources of the county. It col
lected a revenue last year on over $4t.00,000 i
worth of property, and Its assessment this
year \\ill in all probability :retch $6,
000,000. Ilence it will be seen that it wouhld
be a matter of small cotnsequence to wipe
out the eltire debt at any titme the contllis
sloners thought expedient.
MONTANA farmtters should of all othiers Ihe
the most contented d a happy. They have
better lacilities for plyit.g their vocalion,
obt.inl better resulta with less exertion, iand
in every way enjoy lile better than the
average American lartuer. They tare well
supplied with labor-saving machinery;
Their lands are well adapted to the use ort
improved machinery of tll kinds. and it is ai
noticable fact that its use is nmich more uni
versal here thian in mnany of the older States.
The farmers here, as a rule, are a reading,
intelligent people, and keep right up to the
times in everything. No sooner is a new
implement of merit introduced than they
have it; or a new variety of grain or vegeta
bles produced and provett to be good,
than they adopt it. They are noted for
using the best implements and producing
the best varieties of crops, and getting the
best yield of any tarmitng people on earth.
t'hey are a people of thrift, industry atnd
generoi.s habits, and their motto is 'live
and let live." In thile great 5:ates, east or
west, which are held up by public press as
the farmer's paradise, the most rigid econo
my must be practiced itn order to make both
ends meet. When the farmers of these
sections go to town they take their lunch
--~t gilI
with tlie-ii. a1ll at no rn-till asit Oil their
ngi., anilld eat it. Theiir teams are also
eitl at their wa·i, ii- with feed brought front
home(. ow different with the Montana
farner: w\hen lie goes to town li he puts his
team in a stable and pI)ut up at a first-class
hotel. Thank- to a productive soil and the
systeln of irrigation which render crops
sure, lie is not driven to such rigid economy
to mnake a living. Not only this, but he
has plenty to eat and wear every dlay ini
tie year. tat teiams alld a ihoiie well suilp
plied with the comforts of life. We care
not what Ilay e sald of the toils and prlva
tiorns of our frontier life, we venture that
our fanners have more mioney to buy lux
uries with. have their homes better supplied
with good things to eat, have more reading
matter, miore labor-saving conveniences, and
more money to use when they go on a visit
to the neilhboring village. than the farmers
ot tire samne wealth in any portion of Amer
icti, and there is nio reason why they should
not be contented and happy.
TERRITORIAL.
S.litht. Matthews & Hluston are said to
have recently disposed of the Houmestake
mine at Cooke for $38,000, but the Living
ston Enterprise contradicts the report.
We learn that W. H. Clark, of Willow
creek horse ranch, is making some exten
sive imprlovements on his ranch. lie has
recently erected seven new stables and has
built a very neat and commodious dwelling.
Mrs. Clarke is residing on the ranch at pres
ent. Will has in the neighborhood of 100
acres in cultivation.-Sun River Sun.
There is now pending in the House com
mittee on appropriations a bill introduced
by Mr. Maginnis to provide for the comple
tion of the Un:iLed States penitentiary at
Deer Lodge, Mont., the work to be carried
on under the general supervision of the gov
ernor of the Territory. An appropriation
of $25,000 is provided for in the bill. It i
should p iss.
Lemr White, who it was thought was
dead, and the body identified by and buried
at the expense of Hon. Warren Toole. has
turned up alive, and the deceased proves to
be one Geo. Knenzel, who herded sheep on
tihe Marras for Jno. Yimnlrerulan.-Miner."
Reliable gentlemen recently from the
Coeur dAlene mines report that the concern
is a humbug, and that more people are
conling away than are going in; that no
gold dust can be bought. notwithstanding
the reports of claimrs being worked and $40
a day to the man being taken out; that rich
gold quartz has been hauled on toboggans
for the purpose of salting claims; that the
diggings could have been worked all winter
had they been worth working; that while
there may be and probably is some gold
there, tihe cost of taking it out will be as
iMuch it s tlhe gold is worth.--Missoulian.
We are informed that Judge Coburn has
already decided to make his home in Boze
man. the largest, most central and import
ant place in his district. A wise decision.
Courier.
At tile city election of Helena the demo
crats were victorious in electing all the oln
cers except two alderman.
John Harvey. keeper of the ferry eighty
miles west of Mis.oula, was charged of kill
ing a mani and on being arraigned was ad
judged insane. When en tn to the asylum,
Dr. Mussigbrod refused to receive him, on
the ground, however. that Ire was not in
anme. lie was returned to Missoula.
John Carn corunitted suicide at the Hele
na depot one night last week by shooting
himself in the head.
It is stated that about half of the Crow
Irrndians have decided to lmove to the Big
Horn.
At tile Bnzeman city election last week,
J. V. Bogert was re-elected mayor, W. B.
MeAdow was re-elected alderman, T. I.
Dawes was re-elected police magistrate, and
Gen. Burdd was re-elected treasurer. W. W.
Alderson, of the Courier, though not nomin
ated.was elected alderman of the third ward.
Tihe Courier states that the mines of Emni
granrit gulth are better than they ever were
before.
The Chronicle says a new geyser basin has i
bieen lounl a few miles south of Mt. Wash
burn. The geysers are in a deep canyon
which puts into the Grand Yellowstonear
canyon. The indlers looked down uponl
them from the lofty mountain overlooking,
the geysers, but did not go down to them.
The Union Pacific company are preparing
to put up 75 to 100 coke ovens at the Boze
man coal mines.
The court house at Billings has beer, com
pleted and the work approved by the archi
tect.
A $7,000 bridge is to be built over Big
Timber.
A man named Borcing attempted suicide
at Sale-ville by shooting himself in the
head. The ball and splinters of the skull
had been removed from his brain and lie
was doing well at last accounts. A bad
case of boreing, that.
An exchange says that it is an open secret
that the Union Pacific has invested $150,000
in Gallatin county coal lands, and will push
its branch through as rapidly as possible to
Livingston, White Sulphur Springs and
Bettoln.
A certificate of incorporation of the Mc
lionough telephone and telegraph company
was filed in New York. April 11th. The
company has a capital etock of $100,000,
which can be increased to $5,000,000. The
company's lines are to run from New York
to Calilornia, Florida and Mainu.
GENERAL NEWS.
The vote for pre-idential pretirence by
the republican county conveulti)l of Wil
iiiigton, Ohio, resulted-lainlc 46, Sher
man 37.
Heavy rains contiutle throughout Califor
nia. The Southernt Pacific railroad through
Saledad canyon is again greatly damaged
by wa-houts.
Charles R.cade, novelist, died in London,
April 11th.
The I)Dever Republican's Las Vegas spec
ial of April 21, says: Juan D. Patron, a
wealthy and highly respected citizen and
ex-speaiker of the territorial legislature, was
assassinated last night by Mitch Mancy, a
cow-boy. He will probably be lynched.
The death of M. Jean Baptiste, novelist,
of France, is announced.
The latest advices fromn Shanghai report a
serious political crisis at Pekin. The em
press has publicly degraded Prince Kung
and four members of the privy council.
'They were stripped of all their honors be
cau-e of the dilatory manner in which they
dealt with the Tonquin affairs.
A mneeting of the Colorado pool was held
at I)enver, April 11th. All 'he roads were
represented. Early in the evening the Un
ion Pacific people introduced a resolution
that rates be restored to tarifl rates, which
was lost, as was also a resolution of the rep
resenttatives of the Burlington & Missouri,
hlving for its object the dissolution of the
pool.
Letters received from Capt. Morrison, of
the ship Rannier, lost in the Pacific Ocean
Ja•nuary 30 near Ujaal Island, of the Mar
shall group, state that when the vessel went
down among the breakers the natives came
off in boats and took the captain and crew
ashore fifteen miles from the point of the
wreck. There are fifty inhabitants on the
island who are governed by a king.
From the edition of Messrs. Geo. P. Row
ell & Co's American Newspaper Directory,
now in press, it apyears that the newspa
pers and periodicals 'of all kinds at present
issued in the United States and
Canada reach a grand total of 13,402.
'his is a net gain of precisely 1,600 during
the last twelve months, and exhibits an in
crea-c of 5.618 over the total number pub
lished just ten years since. 'The increase in
1874 over the total for 1873 was 493. Dur
ing the past year the dailies have increased
from 1.138 to 1,254; the weeklies from 9,
012 to 10,028; and the monthlies from 1,091
to 1,429. The greatest increase is in the
Western States. Illinois. for instance, now
shows 1.009 papers in place of last year's
total of 904, while Missouri issues 604 iln
stead of the 523 replorted in 1883. Other
leading Western States also exhibit a great
percentage of increase. The total number
of papers in New York State is 1.523.agamtst
1,399 in 1883. Canada has shared in the
general increase.
In arguing for the anti-free pass till be
fore the judiciary committee of the New
York Assembly, Mr. Boyd indlulged iit the
following preoration: " I call attention to
these remarks by the Prophet Isaiah, to the
following sayings bh' King David, the
Psalmist, to these fulminations of the
Prophet Ezekiel. and to the conclu-ive re
marks of that greatest and noblest and no
blest of all prophets, Elijah, onit the burning
question." Whereupon Mr. Chauncey M.
Depew interjected: " But, Senator, Elijah
went to heaven in a chariot of fire on a free
pass." At this repartee. monopolist and
anti monopolists, spectators and committee,
all exploded with laughter and the bill with
it.-Albany correspondence.
April 8th the house committee on public i
lands adopted the report prepared by Henly
on the bill to pertect a portion of the land
grant of the Northern Pacific railway. I
Oakes, VanEaton and Strait voted against
the report. Belford was not present. Del
egate Brent will offer a substitute for the
bill agreed upon by a majority of the com
mittee when it is brought up for considera
tion ir.the house. The substitute declares
forfeited those lands granted to the North
ern Pacific railway company lying adjacent
to that portion of the line proposed between
Wallula, Washington territory, and Port
land, Oregon, for a breech of the conditions
upon which they were granted. All the
rest of the lands granted the company are
confirmed to it on the express condition
that it shall fully confirm to and comply
with all the requirements of this act. The
company shall hencefbrth construct not less
than 100 miles of the railway each year. and
complete and equip the whole by July 4th,
1886, except that portion between Walla
Welli and Portland. All lands confirmed
to the company shall be subject to as-ess
ment and taxation by state, territory, coun
ty or municipality. All agricultural lands
so co(rnlrmed which were not sold before
January 1, 1884, shall be sold by the com
pany only to citizens of the United States
in quantities not exceeding 160 acres to any
one ;.erson.and at prices not exceeding $2.60
per acre.
Rev. lIeury Ward Beecher said to a Chi
cago Daily News reporter April 12: My
individual preference for president is Arthur;
it nominated he would carry the country
with greater eclat for the Republicans than
any other man they could name. As for
Tilden he has been dead these three years.
My sentiments on tariff are tor tree trade;
I don't want it to come too suddenly, but
gradually. If we brought it down a certain
amount each year it would have no evil
- effects. Silk merchants in New York have
told me they did not feel the twenty per
cent. reduction on silk goods. I am in favor
of a reduction of tariff to the absolute needs
of the government for expenses. I am in
lfavor of more direct taxation by the national
Igovernment-taxation such as is made in
lharve i perinalI prOp)erty there eliliItd be
a poll tax. Itobert T. Lincoln will le a ool
itl he allows this name to be used for the
vice l)residency or accepts the inominhation.
If he will wait four years he can have the
presidency.
At the spring meeting ol the Blood Horse 1
associationi, at San Francisco, April 12, the I
tirst race-California stakes, two-year-olds,
hall mile dash, was won by Estill, in 53 see
onds. Second--Hearst stakes, three-qnar
ter-mile dash, won by premium ; time, 2:21.
Thirl--Winters' stakes, three-year-olds, one
and one-halt mile dash; won by Prince of
Norfolk; ti"e. 2:20. Fourth--Selling race,
one and one-eighth mile dash ; won by IIar
ry Rose; time, 2:03.
'rhe republican county convention at Los
Angelos has elected unpledged delegates to
the state convention, with a preference for
Blaine.
A iprize tight for a purse of $500, took
place at Buffalo, April 11, between Thomas
I)ougherty, of Erie, and and Miles Davis, of
Tonawanda. Pa. Seven rountls were fought
in forty minlutes, when the cry of " police"
dispersed the cr'owd.
'l'The San Francisco Examiner's Portland,
Or., special of the 12th, says: ('has B. Fin
laysen, aged 17 years, who was found guilty
of murdering his grandmother, llung hii
self yesterday in one of the corridors of the
jail.
'The wife of John L. Sullivan. the famous
" knocker out," gave birth April 11th to
a bouncing boy. He is namned JoliiL. Sul
livan, jr.
A reducntion of half a cent a bushel has
been accepted by a thousand minliers em
ployed by the New York and Cleveland gas
and coal company.
The steamer Hlohenzollern arrived at Bal
timore April 9th, with the grand bronze
statue of Martin Luther to be erected at
Washington city in May. The statue
weighs above three tons, and is eleven and
a ha!f feet high.
The minister of justice has informed Pre
mier Smith that the British Columbia bill,
passed by the British Columbia legislrture,
prohibiting the immigration of Chinese into
that province, was disallowed.
The steamer Grecian landed 386 immi
grants at Boston, assisted from Galway by
the 'Tuke lund. Nearly all started west
ward. Most of them have been evicted
from Irish estates.
Chas. Crocker, president of the Southern
Pacific, says: Owing to the legislative agi
tation in railroad matters and difficulties
consequent therein in obtaining the neces
sary funds for construction, he has ordered
work oil the California and Oregon railway
stopped.
Major J. C. Dickey, of the twenty-second
infantry, United States army, and stationed
at Santa Fe, N. M., was married at Indian
apolis, April 18th, to Miss Layette David
son, granddaughter of the late Governor
Toah Noble.
The grand army men of Boston have de
cided to call a public meeting of all soldiers
and sailors interested, at which addresses
will be made and contributions received for
building a home for ex-confederates.
The British government has sent positive
orders to Gen. Gordon to withdraw from
Khartoum with the garrison as soon as
possible.
One half of Mandalay, the capitol of Bur
mah, a city of 90,000 people, has been
burned, and it is reported that an attempt
was made to destroy, with dynamite, the
Magazine at Fort George, a few miles
from Inverness. The marauders escaped
in boats, but not before the sentry bay
oneted one of them.
Fifteen hundred miners of the Westmore
land and Pensylvania Gas Coal Company,
at Irwin Station, Pa., are out on a strike.
The postoffice department from figures
already received estimates the revenues oi
the department for the fiscal year ending
.rne 30th next, at $13,262,446, a decrease
of $2,246,246 compared with the preceding
fiscal year.
The republican conference of the Four
teenth congressional district elected dele
gates to Chicago who are required to sign a
pledge to support Blaile as long as he is be
lore the convention.
The latest advices from Mexico says that
the trouble over the stamp act is practically
settled, the government having agreed to a
modilication so that only goods actually
sold shall be stamped.
The Government has forbidden the circu
lation in France of the new anarchist jour
nal, Explosion, published at Geneva.
Seventeen meetings were held in the An
sein district, France, where the strike in
collieries still continues. Violent speeches
were made.
Prime Minister Ferry has written M.
Glerodex, of the Franco-American Indem
nity Commission, expressing regret that the
decisions of the commission were not dicta
ted by a more liberal spirit. He was glad,
however, that the cause of the Frenchman
has not been absolutely sacrificed.
Latest London advices from Shanghai re
port a serious political crisis at Pekil,. The
Empress has publicly degraded Prince
Kuing and four members of the privy coun
cil. They were stripped of all their honors
because of the dilatory manner in which
they have dealt with the Tonquin affair.
'rThe strike among the coal heavers at'
Harper's rolling mill at Newport, Ky., for
the restoration of the wages paid last fall
will caumee the mills to close. About sixty
strikers enforce idleness on the 600 cm
ployes.
A cablegram has been received by the
Secretary ot State from Adam Badean
tendering his resignation as Consul General
at Havana.
The Earl of Aplestord's ranch house il
Texas burned last week, and with It tiven
ty fine gunlls, one of which was the I'rince
of Wales' while in India.
A Baltimlore mother, supposing she was
dyin_, gave her baby to her nurse and told
her to take it to an asylum until after
her death. The nurse pocketed the child's
board money and left it on the asylumn door
step. The (lnntoller has recovered, but can
not iletily her lbaby among a hundred othli
er wails.
Two Heltrotl, Conn., men fought for the
honor of shoveling the dirt on the coffin of
a friend, and both fell into the grave.
Thle engineer of 1a large school il Syracuse,
for a joke, All Fools' day, started the alarm
that the boilers were about to explode. A
panic ensued, with no injuries done. Next
day lie got drunk and his boilers were
nearly empty, with hot fires burning. In ten
trinlltes would have been a dead manl and
300 scholars exposed to great mortality.
The Little Rock, tArk.,Gazette's Texarkana
special, April 10, says. Mike Berry, a bar
keeper, was shot and killed by deputy sher.
ill J. F, Clark this morning. Berry fre
quently threatend to kill Clark on sight.
When they met this morning Clark opened
fire. Several shots were exchanged on
both sides when Berry fell dead. Clark
was arrested.
The Mail advices from Hlavana state that
Aguero landed without resistance, and that
numerous factions joined Ilir on his march
to the interior. His forces encountered
troops several times, but obliged them to
retreat. Great excitement prevails, especial
ly in Havana, owning to the concentration
of large forces of troops. It is supposed
that the goverinment used Aguero itncident
for a display of force to intimidate the Cu
bans during trhe next election. 'lThe gov
rnnlent telegraphed to Spain for mIiore
troops. The censorship over tif, (li-patlcles
has been r'e-established.
The Nova Scotia legislature has extended
the franchise ill mu nicipal elections to wid
ows and unmarried wonmen.
The earnings of tile Northern Pacific for
the first week of ,pril are $ 317.6(0), an in
crease of $150,000 over the correipotnding
week of laut year.
The Globe-Democrat prints a special from
the City ot Mexico stating the feeling
against the rec.ently enacted stamp act is
still \'ry hitter, an(l the situation critical.
Busilies has been su',.pendedil inl many parts
of the republic, and the merchants general
ly are assumilg a very determined attitude.
It is reported that the government intends
to declare the acts of' the merchants in clos.
ing their stores revolutionary and that their
licenses will be revoked, and that they will
be compelled to pay heavy for the privilege
of re-opening their stores. On the other
hand, it is stated that the Mexican senate
has passed the second reading of the bill,
repeating the stamp act. But as the gov.
ernment is not in sympathy with this move,
it is very doubtful whether the bill will
pass. A dispatch frorn Matamnoras says the
condition of the aflairs of the government
are deplorable, and charges of financial rot
tenness, and intimates a revolution it a
greatly better state of things is not speedily
brourght about.
Commenting on the resolutions ot the
Wyoming stock growers on exhorbitanl
rates charged by the Chicago stock yards,
the daily News says: The significance ol
the situation cannot be overestimated. The
stock yards emen, like the couple in the old
table who killed the goose that they might
at once enrich themselves of all the golden
eggs, are, in their blind eagerness to make
their business as protitable as possible, do
inlg just what will diminish and destroy it.
This is not the first public protest against
these charges. Will the stock yards men
take warning? As little as they may be in.
inclined to believe it, Chicago is t o, a tenth
part as necessary to cattle men as they are
to Chicago. It charges become unbearable
they will take their stock elsewhere. It I1
only a question of time necessary to make
arrangements.
The cross examination of Dr. Collins was
resumed April 9th before the Jeannette
committee. Witness declined to express
any opinion on questions relative to mis'
management on the part of DeLong. He
declared that the recently published state,
ments that he had great animosity toward
the afficers of the Jeannette, and had spent
$3,000 in procuring testimony, were untrue.
Raymond L. Newcomb, naturatist of the
Jeannette expedition, then took the stand
and gave an account of the troubles between
himself and Melville. He thought Melville
had a spite against him. He also described
his trouble with DeLong. Witness thought
all hands on the expedition were at strife
most of the time, add after the Jeatanette
got in the ice and it was believed that tile
expedition would be a lailure, Capt. I)e
Long, in his opinion, tried to foment strife
in order to lay the blame on the men.
I The proportions of the eqodus fio:n the
neighborhood of Quebec to the United
States are becoming alarming. From onte
parish In Montwagny alone last week 31
persons left, of whom 200 never intend to
return to Canada.
-In the republican convention at Erie, Pa.
April 12, Joseph Johnson and E. W. Echob
were elected delegates from the 27th coo
gressional district to Chicago. Both ar
pledged to support Blaine and Lincoln.
Henry's bank at Mineral Point, WiS.
closed its doors April 12. J. H. Grtndry
has been appointed assignee ; liabilities no0
known. The county funds are deposited
in the bank.
The Monmouth, Ill.,bank failure is worte
than supposed. Depositors, mostly P0o
people, will lose $150,000.

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