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R. N. SUTHERLIN, - Editor
W. H. SUTHERLIN, . Associate Editor. THURSDAY, JUNE 26, 1884. THE tardiness in bringing the new consti tution before the people is an indication that the friends of the measure are a little doubtful as to how it will be received and prefer to hold it back as long as possible with the hope that it may be rushed through before the people have time to de liberate upon its various provisions. We have been looking anxiously for the docu ment for some time for the simple fact that we are not acquainted with its provisions,bnt would like to be, land we believe the major. ity of the people are in the same fix. Let the committee trot it out with its 10,000 copies of the address setting forth the rea sons why it should be approved, that we may have time to digest it thoroughly be fore the campaign of office seeking begins. It is very probable that it there should be any issue in it, it might cut some figure in regard to who the people would support for public positions. Aspirants should be required to express themselves on all mat ters of this nature before nominated for office. - - - D.t--I - - Too al:CHu can not be said of Montana as a health and pleasure resort during the I summer season. It is perfectly delightful. A cool breeze, just gentle enough to fall away the heat of the sun, and not sufficient to be disagreeable, continuously plays over our valleys and mountain slopes, rendering it pleasant at noonday even dur- I ing the hottest season. The air is dry and pure and entirely free from malarial affec tion, and proves a healing balm to every t resident of the low lands who avails his or herself of a sojourn here. The mountains of snow, the accumulations of countless ages, mingled with the green, form a pic turesque grandeur which never falls to please, and delight alone is a healing to many Ills. Could the people of the great East, who are to-day hurrying hither and thither in search of a cool retreat, but know that here in Montana the heated term was unknown, our Territory could scarcely con tain the tourists that would come, and he who heralds the tidings will be truly a ben efactor of n ankind. SENcE the fabled days when our first par ents went forth from the garden of Eden to earn their bread by the sweat of their brow, tilling the soil and tending of flocks and herds has been the most honored calling of man. The yeomanry have composed the principal bulwarks of every nation's great ness from that (lay until this, and as the calling of husbandry has prospered so have the nations of the earth arose and fell. All animal life turns to the earth for support and it is perfectly natural that progress should walk hand in hand with the devel opment of agriculture. When we contem plate the vast ages that have intervened since the advent of man, we are forced to admit that the progress has been slow; but it we look back over the brief space of our own existence, the advancement has been, indeed, very marked; and with the arts and sciences has been rapid development also. Travel has been greatly facilitated; coulmun Ication has been wonderfully expedited; a great revolution has taken place in imple mnents of husbandry ; horticulturists have achieved wonderful results in the develop- I ment of superior varieties of vegetable and fruit products, and the herdsman has madie marvelous improvement in the aninal king donm. (oompare the modes of culture in vogue to-day with those of our boyhood;i the weight of our beeves, product of our dairy cows, the speed of our horses and their endurance, the weight of our fl.eces and the improvement of the fiber of he wool produced, weight and quality of our mutton carcasses with those days and the achievement seems almost incredible. And with this has come a purer and nobler civil ization, and so long as husbandry contin ues to advance will the principles of civil and religious liberty deepen and strengthen. There are hundreds of prolessions and in dustries necessary to the prosperity of any commonwealth, but the tiller of the soil and the keeper of the herds and flocks form the foundation of tihe entire structure, and in the great social fabric the farmers and the herdsmen form the chief place. There are those who have assayed to stand above so humble a calling, who would blush at the thought of occupying a position so common. yet we care not how refined and cultured, or how wealthy, there is no record of any pre-eminence. in the homes of our agri cultural millions is more happiness, more contentmuent and more that is calculated to develop the iobler nature of humankind, than all else In the world besides. There ex ists the purest lives, and honesty and up rightness is the rule rather than the excep tion. Our purest and noblest women, our most learned and honest statesmen, and in fact the Createt mllilsn and brightest exam ples spring from the ranks of husbandry. T'Is has been the case in all ages, and in the very rature of things must ever be. POISONOUS CANNED GOODS. The numerous cases of fatal poisoning from the use of canned goods have called forth an excellent and timely article from the pen of Prof J. G. Johnson. published in the last number of the Sanitarian. Ac cording to this authority the evil conse quences that so frequently follow the eat ing of canned fruit or vegetables are due to a practice adopted by manufacturers of seal ing the cans with an amalgam composed of murlate of zinc, made by dissolving zinc in muriatic acid. This amalgam is placed in the groove about the top of the can and held there by a clamp while the soldering iron is passed over it. It often happens that the amalgam penetrates the can, owing to the expansi"n of the tin from the heat. T'he muriatic acid acts upon tin as well as pon111) zinc, and thus the poisonous muriate of zinc and tin is formed within the can. There is not usually a sutficient quantity of the poison in one can to do much harm, but it is retained in the system until a suflicient quantity is accumulated to produce fatal re sults. The effect of the poison on the fruit is to g' . it a laded, white appearance. Dr. ,John . warns buyers of canned goods to ret cvery can that does not show the line of I..:, around the edge of the solder in the cap. knowing that in its absence muriate of zinc has been used. Dr. Johnson says that it' a can is sound the head is sunk in. If the contents have commenced to decompose the head is bulged out. Dishonest dealers buy these "swells," as they are called, punch a hole in the heads, and put the cans in boil ing water to drive out the gases, after which they solder up the hole. That is to say, they repeat the process followed in canning. But cans so treated will have two solder holes instead of one. Such cans, if pur chased, should at once be sent to the Board of Health, along with the contents and the name of the grocer who sold them.-Minnc apolis Tribune. SPORTING NOTES AND ITEMS. -- d At Fleetwood Park, June 30, there were t 30,000 persons were present. There.were 11 two races and exhibitions by iamous flyers. 1a First race, 2:35 class, purse $1,000, was won by J. R. Graham's Don Carlos, in L three straight heats; time 2:271, 2:38) and p 2:241. The other contestants were Lowland C Mary, Artlll ry, Tony T., American Queen, it Shamrock. Josey D, Bessie B, Tosey and Jim Win. Between heats Maud S was brought out ai and put around the track in 2:131, tile last- it est time ever made on this track. Trinket's record was 2:14. Frank and running mate made a mile in 2:131 and afterwards covered h another in 2:121. tl At Chicago, June 20, the opening day of d the Chicago Driving Park, the first summer of the running meeting, the track was dry, , hard and fast. The weather was cool and tl cloudy. with a light rain in the morning. s The attendance was large. and the betting t Ibrisk. The inaugural rush, one mile start- . ers, Gats, Ascender, Finality, Leman, Ilol lyrood and King Troubler. Gans, the favor ite, won as he pleased, by a length; Leman t second, length before; Finality, third. 'time, 1:43. The Chicago stakes, 11 miles, the starters were Harpoon. Audrain, Richard L and Hallway. After driving to the finish Au drain, the favorite, won by a length; Rich ard L second. two lengths before Harpoon. Ti'me, 2:11. t The most important race of the day was the Illinois Oaks, 3-year-old fillies. Fallen Leaf took the lead from the tap of the drum, c and was never headed, taking a command ing lead at once and discouraging her com petitors, winning easily. TERRITORIAL. VWm. H. Armour, an old resident of Hele- I na. died on the 19th inst. The Enterprise says the roads to the Park I are in had condition. Mr. A. Gihson. of Hugheaville, has been granttd a patent for a smelting furnace. One day lat-l week a boiler of a saw mill at Stillwater exploded and seriously injured Jour meln. 'The Northern Pacific company propose to erect large tents in the National Park for accom.nodation of tourists. The Northern Pacific company is buildina I a good and commodious depot at (Chickory. on the Park branch. Wmn. li.Queen. assignee of F. W. Reed & Co.. paid a dividend of twelve per cent. to the preferred creditors on the 17th inst. River PreLs. The project of putting a small steamboat on Flnthead Lake has been abandoned for the present, W. J. llarher. who had the matter in contemplation. having been unis ble to dispose of his interest ill the River Press at Benton as he expected.-Missoulian. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Childs. of the Bitter Root valley, favored the Missoulian office with a call Saturday, the 14th, and left a couple of boxes of native strawberries, the first of the season. They expect to market a large quantity of this delicious bet ry this year. Mrs. Elanor N. M'Gowan has finally suc cedled in secrling a ten year's lease for the right of way to establish a telegraph line from Mammoth Hot Springs to Cooke. Livingston Tribune. Yesterday lIon. W. C. Gillette sold to r Stadler & Kauffman. of Helena, 2.000 sheep 1 (wethers) at $3,50 per head.-Independent. A little two-year-old .hild ol George Falkner, near Toston, fell into an irrigating ditch last Sunday week, and was drowned. Messrs, Kohrs & Bielenberg this week sold to Davis & Jones, of Dewey's Flat, the registered Short Horn, "Butterfly Duke 3d" by Duke of Oxford, a fine two-year-old brought out by them last year. Messrs. K. & B. were disappointed this week in being telegraphed that a Shorn Horn, which Mr. Kohrs purchased on his recent trip East, paying $2,000 for him, is not in condition to ship.-New North- West. Miss Simpson, of Helena, visiting at Sun River, tried to walk a log bridge across the river, become dizzy, tell into the water, was saved from drowning by her escort, but had a close call. The Madisonian of June 20, in giving fur ther details of the capture of the horse thieves by the Madison county deputy sher ifl and posse, states that eighteen horses were recovered in all. *"The prisoners who are now in jail awaiting examination, are John Edmunson, wife, and two children; Henry Edmunson, his brother, and Neil Murphy. 'IThe two former are sons of John Edmunson, keeper of the Beaver creek fer ry, Missouri valley, and the latter is an ex convict who was sent up rolM01 Maadison county lotr a similar offense several years ago." Tie assi.ttant superintendents of the Western Union and N. P. Telegraph col-t parties are in town arranging for the opeln inio of the main repeating station here. Billings Post. P. W. MeAdow has just received some specimens of the copper ore from the min inlg claims in which lie is interested at the head of the Stillwater. The ore will assay over 75 per cent of copper. As there is an immense quantityot ore in sight there can be but little difficulty in securing capital for the development of the mines and the erec tion of smelting furnaces. Coal and timber abound in the vicinity of the mines so there are are very few obstacles in the way of their development.-Billings Herald. A. Hornby Lewis, of Liverpool, who has been in the city for a few days, is here rep resenting to a certain extent the copper in terests of England. He stated to a Miner reporter that the copper market in Etlgland depended altogether on the product of Mon tana. He also also stated that there were 18,000 tons of copper shipped to England last year from the United States, of which Montana produced about two-thirds. Mr. Lewis thinks that Montana will next year produce as much copper, if not more, than Chili which has always ranked the highest in the production of that metal.-Butte Miner. A correspondent of the Sun River Sun writing from Blackfeet agency.says: "Thing are in a deplorable condition here. A starv ing Indian Is a fearfhul foe. We are more secure from the Crees than these Indians. Lieut. Bell anHi his command will remain here until a better state of affairs dawns on the Agency. He does not deemi us safe un der existing circumstances. 'T'he worst has never been told. Ex-Agent John Young should have made an estimate for more than one-eighth rations. lie alone is re sponible for the wretchedness and starva tion here. We behold the suffering and are unable to relieve it. As high as four In dians a day are dying, they say 'by the white man.' Not by his gun or his knife, but by his neglect and ill-treatment. in neg lecting to furnish them tie sustenance which is their duty by treaty with them." GENERAL NEWS. Florindo Angelo, a Chinaman, of N'w York, probably fatally stabbed his wife and then cut his own throat, last Sunday. The Fountaine collection of art treas ures, one of the most tamous ancestral art collect ons in England, was sold at auction at London, June 20. General Miles, commanding the District of Columbia, has detailed Lieutenant Aber crombie Brumback and Dr. Robinson, with M. Homan. topographical assistant, to ex plore the Copper river in Alaska. The ex pedition is considered a dangerous one, as the Copper river country is occupied by In dians who have never allowed white men to explore it. In Dublin June 20,Earl Spencer,addressing a deputation of Presbyterlans, said: "Ire land has passed through a turbulent period, but there were good grounds for hoping that better times were near at hand, the ter rorists' power tor evil being greatly curtail ed, and the tyranny they had exercised had passed away. Order was restored and Irishmleni could now devote themselves to peaceful pursuit, without tear of outrages." ;arl Spencer met with a chilling reception en rout- to Dublin, especially at Portsdown. The Mormon press and prominent Mor moonus consider the Hoar bill, which has just passed the Senate, as a cruel measure-un just. harsh, tyrannical, and in some respects revolutionary and unconstitutional, and de signed to rekindle the tires of persecution. Many of its provisions, they thinK, will not stand the test of a judicial exaudination. amid evidently framed with a design to des roy the Mormon religion. They assert that the cireumustances do not call for any such en actnments, and that the existing public opitl ion which prompted the senators to vote for this measure has been created by the per sistent circulation of false reports concern inlg aflirs in Utah. Upon the surface there is no excitement there, but it is evident that tihe Mormuon. are nervitng themlsel.es up for for a repetition of what they allege were persecutions, and fortifying themselves in the belief that God will render migratory ' all ettorts to destroy their religion, and they .i eel prepared to meet all the consequences. There were ixtevll u lltroKes last Satur day in New York and Brooklyn, live being fatal. Robert Hunt and Dan T. Parker,of Vicks burg, were sentenced to be hung on the 18th of July, the former for the murder of Bur rell Bess, and the latter for killing his nephew. All colored. The Tammany committee on organization have decided to send 600 members to the Chicago Democratic: convention. A compilation of preferences of the edit ors of newspapers in the State of New York gives nearly three-fourths in favor of nom inating Cleveland for President. Ten want Bayard, while others are scattering in their choice. All but two or three believe that Tilden's letter was a positive declination, and that he is cut out of the race. One ed itor, however, declares himself for Tilden forever, dead or alive. For Vice President over half favor McDonald, while Hoadley, Morrison, Slocinum, Butler and RIosecrarls are all mentioned favorably. Tihe State Department at Wa-hiugton de nies thie publi.-hed statement that the A tmer ican Minister at Rome has been instructed to act inl concert with tile Ministers of Eng land, Austria and Spain to obtain from the Italian Minister of foreign allairs a mitiga tion of the decision of the court inl regard to the properties of the propaganda. The Secretary of State says lie has the subject under consideration to see it the United States Iha: any right to act in tile matter, but as yet has reached no conclusion nor taken any action. A New York dispatch dated June 21, states that Win. C. Rhinelander, who on frhrsday shot John Drake, lawyer, was arraigned to-day. Drake was unable to leave his bed. De'ectives said that Rhine lander admitted his guilt. He, however, denied that he had acknowledged anything, and said he was not going to convict him self in this affair. Rhinelander told a re porter this evening that he was married to Miss Mary blcguiness in 1876, and had two children. Immediately after his marriage, Drake began to use every effortin his power to bring about a separation, following them to Canada where they lived, and threaten ing Rhinelender with incarceration in a lunatic asylum it he did not give up his wile. By-and-by he succeeded in making Mrs. Rhinelander jealous and a quarrel te tween husband and wife followed. When he married his wife he forfeited $500,000. Seven thousand dollars in Mexican silver, buried thirty years ago at Piedros Negros, has been unearthed. Ex-Policeman Patrick Casey, who shot Police Sergeant Cumisky dead in Long island city, at tire station house, was found guilty of murder in the second degree, and sent to State prison for life. The Dominion Bolt and Iron company, of Toronto, has closed, and the men left for the North and the States. The Cincinnati bar has voted an appro priation to prosecute T. C. Cambell, the attorney who brought on the riots. The present senior class at Harvard col leg': is tire largest ever graduated at that institution or at any other American college. At Leon, Mexico last Friday night, when Well's Fargo's express was returning Irom the depot, it was fired upon by fifteen masked men, who sprang from the side of the street in the central part of the city, arid the company's agent, an American, escaped unhurt. The Mexican driver was killed. Five hundred dollars was stolen, but little other expressage. A Stockton, Cal., special, June 21, says: Five hundred feet of the levee on the lower division of Robert's Island broke to-day. A tract consisting or 10,000 acres was inun dated; 8,000 acres were in wheat. Capt. Maury, of the steamer City of Tokio, was arrested at San Francisco the 21st inst. for neglecting to report a case of small-pox. Mrs. Warren, wife of Bishop Warren, has donated $100,000 to the Denver University, for the establishment of a department of divinity to be known as "the Iliff School ol Divinity." on condition that the others en dow a single professorship. A. Percy. in jail in Havana, who stole $248,000 while cashier of the Spanish Na tional bank, has written a letter to a gentle man in Philadelphia offering him one-third of the money it he will go to the place where it is secreted, and give the thief the other two-thirds of the swag. The telephones were connected by 1.200 miles of wire, in Cincinnati. and conversa tion wa- heard distinctly. The instrument used was the new Hopkins transmitter, in which the carbons were in constant vibra tions during a conversation. thI" current be ing thus alternately opened and cloned per fectly, as by an ordinary Morse key in telegraphy. Five out of six stove foundries at Piu..s burg and Allegheny have resumed with non-union men. The union men have been striking two months against a 15 per cent. reduction. Shlay & Co.. wholesale oil and paint mer chants of Montreal, are in financial ditticul ties. Liabilities, $72,000. The business will go on until the matter is finally settled. Suit has been brought by a wholesale liquor dealer of Cincinnati to recover $208 paid under the provisions or the Scott liquor law. It is to test the law on that point. The steamer Austria which arrived in Boston a short time ago Lroum Glascow, brought twenty-three bullocks, three horses, tea pigs and two does, all prize stock, to be corwarded to Minnesota. Three of the bul locks are ot thie Grande Duchesse breed, and are valued at about $4,000 each. 'lThe steamship American has made the trip from New York in six days and lour ; teen hours, beating the best previous record by two hours. At Philadelphia the inter-collegiate tour. oared shell race for the Child's challenge cup, was won by the University of Pennsyl. vania crew in 9 minutes 60 seconds. The commercial attacks on the English embassy at Paris and reports that the French government is extending the systeni of different duties which it is decided to establish in Tonquin, the same system is now to be established in all the French pos sessions in Africa. A duty of twenty per cent is levied upon all except French goods, and in order to tavor French vessels, re. strictions will he imposed upon navigation rivers onl the west coast of Atrica, which are held by the French. The French for. eign office has instructed the embassy at Paris to report on the subject. Mr. G. S. Burnap, the artist, has just completed a portrait of Gen. Francis Marion which was ordered by the South Carolina society as its contribution to the South Car olina roo11 at Mount Vernon. A verdict of $7.095 was returned for tile plaintiff in the superior civil court, in Bos. ion, in the suit of Pepzbeth Fenton vs. George IV. Torrey, to recover damages for the breach of contract to loan her $10,000 with which to purchase an estate. Mr. Gray, on his way to Poughkeepsie, N. Y., to be married, was prostrated by ill ness at Baltimore. On Saturdlay the young lady arrived. The groo:l was proppedl up in bed. anid in the presence of the bride's father the miarriage ceremony was pe'r formed. The Governor of I)onzola asks reinforce. ments. Lie states lie will not evacuates Donzola before the feast or surrender. Col. Wool has been instructed to centre the whole Egyptian army between Hussoun and Wady Ilalia by the end of the prl'eent month. Mrs. Prowers, a beautiful widow of West Las Anirmas, N. M1., is worth $15,000,000, mostly ii, cattle. The ex-King aid Queen of Naples will receive a fortune of over a million pounds sterling under the will of the Empress dow. ager of Austria. The degree or LL. D. has been bestowei on President Arthur, Gov. Abbott. of Nes Jersey, and Justice Harlan, of the Unite States States supreme court, by Princeton College. A prominent Catholic priest, who has just arrived from Rome, says: "You will see at the Baltimore council strict laws passed governing priests' private lives. I think tie remale housekeeper will be a thing of the past. 1 I elieve that priests will be entirely forbidden to go into theatres or wine or beer gardens, or to any other place where scandal may be given either to their I own flocks or to non-Catholic Christians, Church picnics and bazaars will be for bidden," The arrival of the schooner Anlalash, with Lieut. George M. Stoney, at Annalas ka, is annolunced. Stoney was sent North by the Government to explore the great unknown river discovered by him last year. Simpson, of Donnell, Lawson & Simpson, tI the New York brokers, has gone to Kansas City with a committee of creditors for the I purpose of arranging a basis of settlement. One of the theatrical shows of next season I will include a professional beauty to repre f sent the typical lovelirness of each State in I the Union. A large (tlstrict in urognetla, trelana, was suddenly deprived of water the other day, and the water company's men were puzzled to account for the stoppage. On examination being made It was found that a pipe had been stopped by an enormous eel several teet in length atd of unusuali thickness. Miss Manud Banks, youngest daughter of Gen. N. P. Banks, has made a dramatic de but at an amateur entertainment in Wal* tham, Mass. Four years ago Miss Banks went to Paris with her mother to study elocution. She is described as bright charming, and possessing more than ordi nary talent. She is a brunette, with a pleSa ing oval face, which has both expression and character. In stature she is tall and graceful, with the erect carriage which die tinguishes her father. Though not beauti" ful in the ordinary sense of the term, she has a "fine stage presence. In Cincinnati the 20th inst., there wast wrestling match for $500 a side betweet Duncan C. Ross and Muldoon. It drew 2,000 people. The first two falls, Grtes Romant; next two, side holds, with harness; the last, catch as catch as catch can. Mul. doon won the first in three minutes, second in thirteen minutes; Ross third in nine teir utes, fourth in 35 minutes; Muldoon fifth in seventeen minutes. The fourth fall Wa a terrific struggle, there being seventeen -ide tallc herlre a fair fall was gained. At Port.lntl l:,·t Saturday the directors d the 0r egon Railwy & Navigation compoan rlected the followings officers: President, '. J. Coolidge, of Bo.rton; first vice presi dent, C. H. Prescott. 't Portland; second vice president. G. O. Ma tchester,of Bostoo; secretary, 'l'heo. Wygant, of Portland; treasurer, F. R. Nourse, ot Boston. 1: was reported at Ottawa, Canada, June 23d, a reciprocity treaty had been arrant.e with the United States, which will shortly be made public. The new treaty will follow the line of the former reciprocity treaty, admitting products and some articles d imanufacture in the Eastern States. fht defeat of the Morrison tariff bill in the Ilousc' of Representatives, it is stated. i largely due to the renewal of negtiationfl. A Paris :elegramn. June 23, says: 'I report of cholera at Toulon Is officially fitrmed. Troops and dock laborers areth ones chiefly attacked. It is pronout Asiatic cholera. Quarantine has been lished everywhere. The news casd sensation in Paris.