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R. N. SUTHERLIN, - Editor
W. H. SUTHERLIN, - Associate Editor. THURSDAY. DECEMBER 25, 1884, IN calling the attention of our readers to our Christmas edition we would say that In size it is no larger than usual-situated as we are, remote from Railroads, it would be altogether to expensive to secure an extra force of men to set up a double-sized paper -neither do we claim for it that it is super ior in quality to many others, issued during the year. But we do claim that it averages with tihe publicatilons-political, agricultu ral, orotherwise-printed outside of the eas tern cities, and compares favorably with the majority of melropolitan journals. Nearly every line in it is original, entirely pratical and devoted exclusively .to Montana hus bandry. :Embracing as it does, experience in Montana farming and stock raining, for a period of nineteen years, it discusses these matters from an intelligent standpoint. Ev ery department of agricultural industry from the farm, the fireside and household, to the range and plains where the wander ing shepherd, and festive cowboy, reigns su preme, is fully represented. We ask our readers to examine it carefully, and if it seems to them to be fully alive to the issues of the day, and a credit to the Territory, that they show it to their friends and neigh bors, and induce them to lend it whatever support It may seem to merit. Free and fearlebs, owing no allegance to any party, clique, individual, or corporation, and tody Ing to neither wealth or power, the RocxK MoUNTAIN HUSBANDMAN will continue to be as it has been, the unbridled exponent of the right and faithful chronicler of events as they transpire. To-DAY we celebrate as theeighteen hun- w dred and eighty-fourth anniversary of the at time when the angels appea red unto the sthep- bh herds of Palestine, and announced the birth sa of a savior of the world. But wether or not fe this is the day upon which Christ was born, is not known. For the first tour hundred ( years after the event it was supposed to have transpired in April or May; But since that w date the twenty-fifth of December has been g; recognized as the tine, and has been ye universally celebrated In every age by feast- 7£ Ing and dancing, the giving of presents, and al in dome ages has been the beginning of a W .holiday that lasted from one to five weeks. T But it matters not whether the birth of Christ was in December or May. The pres- o cunt time is the most convenient season for le observances, such as feasting, dancing, and t3 merry-making, as are handed down to us by p the generations that have gone before. And of neither Christian, Jew, Pagan, or Infitldel, a can urge ought against the event as celebra- s ted. Nature demands a holiday, a year of toil, the reward of a feast, while to tihe little folks is due the presents, tokens, etc., they o receive for their efforts to do right, and to s one and all such merry-making as the full- a ness of their hearts may dictate. Tihen let g the people of Montana banish care from p their minds; let bygone troubles sleep In t the oblivion of the past, and awaken in their hearts the finest emotions of which nature r is ,capable-open their purses to the poor, unlock their storehouses to themselves, and eat drink and be merry. THE proposition before congress to stop the coinage of silver, is awaking widespread 1 Interest throughout the great West, and well it may, for it Is a matter frought with great interest to the Territories and the States of Colorado and Nevada, the silver producing region of America. Such a step, it is esti- 1 mated, will reduce the value of silver from t fifteen to twenty per cent. This will close a large number of our mines and greatly re tsrd the progress of the country. Silverl mining is a vast industry and affords em ployment to a large numubet of men. The majority of the mines worked produce a low-grade ore that will hardly pay for min- t ing and reducing, and any reduction in tihe value of silver would render it impossible to work many of these and operations would necessarily have to suspend. We fail to see what the nation is to gain by the Buckner bill, but we can readily see what the West is to looser In Montana our min ing industry is a gr. at source of revenue. Putting into circulation from seven to ten millions per annum, is no small item, and the cutting of this down at least one half will be severely felt. And the people of the west who have with a dint of energy and perseverance unequalled in the pioneer his tory of our country, planted out a civiliza tion, built railroads and metropolitan cities, and established mighty commonwealths in these mountain wilds, should rise in in their majesty and might, and stay, It possible, the ruthless hand that is being laid upon their property. Our national legislators seem to have but little regard for the people who have hewn down the wilderness, turn ed the great American desert into gardens, farms, and pasture fields, and built these great and almost impenetrable mountains full of shining cities and set them teeming with industry, who have tamed the Indian warrior and set the Indian question once and for ever at rest, or they would not so Icovet their progress. They even begrudge them the use of the wild domain as a pas ture, and jealous of their success, ask to re duce the value of the products of our moun tains. May the united voice of the people from the plains to the Pacific, rising as ii irom one man,. stay the hand of the destroy er, and save to tlis region the wealth and prosperity for which its people have endur ed every hardship of pioneer life and braved every danger oftsavage warfare, and which is their jsut heritage. DESTRUCTIVE FIRE IN BROOKLYN. The Catholic Orphan Asylum and Many In mates Burned. NEW YORK, December 18.-The Catholic c male orphan asylum, at St. Mark's and Al- f bany avenues, Brooklyn, burned this after noon, and it is feared some of the children perished in the flames. The Sisters in charge F think all escaped, but cannot tell until the register of the boys Is called. The little L fellows are now scattered about in care of P the resident of the neighborhood. The fire C started in the drying room, which adjoined II the southern end of the main building. This L drying room also contained the boilers and 8 heating apparatus, with the domitory on the third floor, in which there were sixty or- C phans, suffering from various complaints. S Sister Mary Josephine, who was in the dom Itory at the time the fire broke out, made ti heroic efforts to save the little ones. She remained in the room until absolutely driven out by the flames, then she ran to the win- e dow where she stood until Fireman Mc Groarty, of engine 14, from the root of a building, swung his coat to her. The Sister caught the coat, but when McGroarty tried tl to pull her from her perilous position she lost her grip and fell to the ground. She struck upon her shoulders and head. She was conveyed to St. Catherine's Hospital in an unconscious condition. Joseph Ryan, a boy, tried to descend by a ladder from the E same (third) floor. He got within eight feet of the ground when the ladder parted. c He received severe injuries. John McGrath (eight years old) jumped from the third sto- tl ry, and was badly injured. Mother Dcchan- P tel and Sister Anthony were in the office when the fire was discovered. They at once I gave tile alarm and proceeded to get the g youngsters out of the building. There were 785 orphans inl the main building, which is 1 also known as St. John's Home. Tie. i were told to leave home and seek sheltor in any neighboring house until called for. J There was great excitement among the in- t mates. Hundreds of the little fellows ran c out into tile tailing snow hatless and coat less. The flames spread with great rapidi- v ty, and the buildings were almost com- i pletely destroyed. The asylum and grounds e occupied the ; entire block. The asylum building was 210x150 feet, three stories with Mansard root and constructed f of bluestolme. There was a very large water a hydrant in the yard, with tour butts, but there was no hose in or about the building, or any other means of extinguishing tire. i Sotwhat began as a trivial accident ended n an awful tragedy. At the time the fire be gan, the larger boys in the institution were playing in the courtyard, making slides on the newly fallen snow or snowballing. It was visiting day, and many of the pa rents of the children had come to see them. f About thirty-five children were in the in flrmiary on the second floor, under the care of Sister Antheny. Their little wan faces were peering at the windows. It is absolutely impossible to tell where the inmates of the institution can be found. In station houses, car stables and private homes the waifs found shelter. Late this afternoon a list of the children was made up and 123 were unaccounted for. While it may turn out that not one of these is among the ruins, the tact remains that tons of burnt timber, warped iron and fallen bricks have not yet been removed, and may entomb many more corpses than have been recovered. ir'e trustees of tile Homue have hired a force of men to contimue tihe search until it is settled beyond question that there are no more bodies in the wreck of tilhe building. in a ro'om of the saved portion of tihe asylumn proper are tile bodies of those who have been thund. They are tied up in sheets. Any effor' to identity them woudd be perfectly useless. In that is only the story of the loss of life so far as is known. It is now known that the little patients were situated so as to be almost completely cut Soff from escape, and the flames shot rapidly - upward, thus preventing egress by the low. ei r party of the house. Eddie McGrath, one of the kitchen boys, I T twelve years of age was going into wash cups when tile fire broke out, he ran on and saved his little seven year old brother who I e was on the second floor. Speaking to a Union reporter, McGrath said there were seven boys In the infirmiary on the third floor affected withe sore eyes, and about r. twenty-three sick with malarial fever. He n said seven were unable to leave their beds r and suggested the probablhty that they were the first vibtims. The children were received at the Home in various conditions. Most of them were orphans, and some half orphans. In addition to these, a few had been committed by police magistrates, when Stheir parents were either incapable or un 5. willing to properly care for them. The se boys forming the last-named class were in a greater part unwilling inmates, and these, it is believed, compose mainly the missing 123. Having been set free by the fire they prefer to remain at large. WHITE 8ULPHUR SPRINGS. There are many who hear of the curative powers of this tamous resort, who simply suppose that the noise about its medical qualities is all buncome; that there are hundreds of Springs in the Territory and throughout America that possess equal me dicinal virtues. But the marvelous effect of the waters here in so many cases establishes their superiotity beyond a doubt, so tar as present discoveries go. All manner of old chronic complaints. both of recent contrac tion and long standing, have been thorough ly cured here. All manner of rheumatism has also been cured. Diabetis, Bright's dis ease, and all kidney troubles have been treated with excellent results. Dyspeptics also finds healing qualities in the waters, and alter a residence of a few months here can eat anything. A great many other ail ments also find relief here. These facts are fully sustained before the medical wortl by the following analysis of the waters : Fixed Salts ............................... .. 1664 Sodium ............ ...... .................0.. 05258 M agnesia.............. .... ....... 00.178 Lime ............... .......... 00254 Potassium........................................ 00468 Chlorine....... ......................... 01782 Bromine............................................... Trace Iodine........................................... Trace Lithia ....... ................................... .0008 Sesquioxide of Soda...................... 0007 A lumina ...................................... 'race Silica ....... ...... .......... ............... .00404 Carbonic Acid................................ .074 Sulphuric Acid............... ....... Tihe accommodations of the place are such that these waters can now be administered successfully. The bath houses are very complete, and the hotels of the place, espe cially the one in connection with the Springs, are fully equipped tor the care of the sick. And men and women from any clime, who are suffering from the ills that torture the flesh, may come and be healed. TERRITORIAL. L. W. Peck has built a residence at Great Falls. . The flouring mill at Great Falls is almost completed. The people of Fort Benton !ire agitating the subject of building a flouring mill at that point. rs. Mary Deimling has been confirmed post mistress of Virginia City.. We con gratulate the lady. - Butte city school district, which in the 1875, only had seven persons of school age now has 3,024 children. Acting Governor Tooker ihas pardoned John Judge, alias Sullivan, who was sell tenced to ten years' imprisonmnent, by the t court in Custer county. The Utah Northern made connection last week trhe first time with the N. P. train tak ing passengers through from Butte to Hel ena without lindran:e. A tire occurred in one ,f the second-story sleeping chambers of Mr. N. J. Bielenberg's I fine residence Tuesday, but was discovered and subdued before much damage was done. -New North-West. Rev. Hugh Dunecan, of Sheridan, preached I in Glendale last Sunday. He also brought over two tons of gold ore from the Pedro mine. The parson thinks he has a mine with millions in it.-Dillon Tribune. David Terwiliger, of Horse Plains, was murdered in his cabin on Monday of last week. His body was found by deceased's neighbors. who state that from appearances he must have made a desperate struggle for his ile. Several persons have been arrested in the Yellowstone National Park for trespassing upon the reservation. The offenders had built ranches there. Yankee Jim is among the number held to answer the charge made by superintendent Carpenter. SThe First National bank received yester day $7,000 in gold bars trom tile mines near Helena, and $1,500 in gold dust from the t COmur d:Alenes. They have $800 worth of i nuggets, received from the Cceur d'Alenes, w which they will have assayed.-Independent. i At the special election of Gallatin county, to fill the vacancy to the legislature occa Ssiol:ed by the death of W. H. Martin, H. M. Sloan, of Livingston, was elected by a large e ma?ority. Mr. Sloan was not a regular t nominee of either party, but was brought e up by the people of Livingston as a division n candidate. S The residence of Mr. O. C. Riinker an ex e tensive dairyman o1 Prickly Pear valley, , was burned one night last week. There e was no one at home and it is tllhought that it the tire originated froml the explosion of a y lamp. Tire entire property was destroyed r- except a few articles which were taken out while the house was burning. , We lastl week enjoyed a lew days' visit at h the well regulated home of Mr. J. Kline. d Mrs. Kline is a model house-keeper. We to were regaled on itne jellies, preserves and a currant wine of which she this tall made ten e gallons. The fruit from which they were d made was her own planting. Long may at she live to enjoy the reward of her labor. le Mitasulian.. Is Yesterday Dr. C. F. Mussigbrod, of Warm y Springs, who has charge of the Territorial re Insane Asylum at that place, was in town s. purchasing Christmas presents for the in df mates at the asylum. It is tile intention of ºd the Doctor that every person connected un with the asylum as well as tire inmates, n- shall each have a Christmas present. The re Doctor expended the sum ot $600 in the ra purchase yesterday.-Miner. GENERAL NEWS. It ts stated that Dorsey gave Ingersoll $100,000 for defending him in the Star route trials. A fire in Davidson & Co.'s tin factory in Montreal caused a 'oss of $50,000; insurance $40,000. An attache of the British Legation has gone to Macedonia to report upon the situ ation there. The Nihilists recently attempted to wreck a railroad train conveying the Cznr to St. Petersburg. Fire in Florence, Wis., burned three build ings on Main street, eintailing a loss of $7,000, well insured. A tather and son are under sentence of death in a Louisiana prison, and for separate and distinct murders. Three Americans were arrested at May ence. France. for having several boxes of dynamite in their possession. Four men were burned to death in the store at Newark, Ark., where property val ucd at $60.000 was destroyed. Eads is in Washington to secure $8,000, 000 from the government for a channel from the Gulf of Mexico to Galveston harbor. For the Garfleld monument at Cleveland the people of the United States and of five foreign countries have contributed $132,369. An explosion in the building of the Me tallic Cap company, Philadelphia, killed Superintendent G. M. Hughes, and George Owens, a boy. The Schooner Harriet Ross, one of Com. modore Berry's fleet, in the war of 1812, was sold for a debt at Chicago Tuesday, bringing $360. A petition addressed to Senator Dawes and Hoar, protesting against the ratification of the Spanish treaty, is being extensively circulated in Boston. Sixteen lovely harem ladies belonging to the sultan have, by his permission, sent their photographs as a contribution to the beauty exhibition of Paris. Albert Hawkins, who has been coachman for all the Presidents since Gen. Grant's time, has been retained for the same service under Grover Cleveland. Preparations are being made throughout Germany to celebrate Bisma-ck's 70th birth day and the fifteenth anniversary of the chancellorship of the empire. The second mate and boatswain of the ship J. F. Chapman, from San Francisco, were arrested at Liverpool on the charge of causing the death of a seaman named Jansen. It is stated that Janner, the defaulting cashier of the Bank of Vienna, last: week shot himself when a short distance outside of the city. Only 24 florins were found on his body. 'The experiment which has been tried at the Alobama insane hospital during the past two years, of abolishing all mechanical re straints in managing the patients, is report ed an entire success. A Portland, Ore., telegram, of the 18th inst.. says the snow blockade continues and street cars have stopped running. No trains have arrived since Monday and none areex pected until tomorrow. The senate committee on railroads has or dered a favorable report upon the bill to ex tend the time for building railroad and tele graph lines through the lands of the Choc taw and Chickasaw nations. The Cape Ann Advertiser's summary of disasters to the Gloucester fishing fleet the past year shows 16 vessels, valued at $87,000 and 151 fisherman lost. The fishermen lost. The fishermen leave 50 widows and 66 children. The striking miners attacked the guards at Murray City, in Hocking valley, Ohio, I last Friday night and there was some sharp firing, when the patrol train brought relief to the guards. The minlers were repulsed without any known loss. William Blunt writes a letter to London which says the Peace association is certain. It could negotiate tile same conduct for Gen. Gordon and the Khartoum garrison to Daniola. and could also secure a general pacification of the upper Nile region. A Cheyenne special says: From Special Agent Sanborn, of the interior department, who has been in the Territory for several (lays past, it is learned that in obedience to the order from the department ranchmen all over Wyoming are removing their tences from public domain. Judge Woods of Indianapolis positively refused to spread unon the records of his court the statement of James G. Blaine that a fair trial of hib libel suit against the Senti nel could not be had in Indiana. The en try was therefore made that the case was voluntarily dismissed. At Binghampton. N. Y. last Friday, Pin kerton arrested Geo. M. Proctor, tormerly of the boiler shops, Susquenarna. who is said to be the ringleader of a $40,000 rob bery of the U. S. Express Company a year ago last June. Proctor is still in jail. Oth er arrests will soon follow. A St. Louis dispatch says that owing to the gentral depression in trade caused by the closing of manufactories in all parts of the country, and the slow movement in grain, the railroads running east from here are doing scarcely more than halt the hbrsi ness done this time last year. A London telegram dated the 19th inst. says: The steamer Oxe.lholme, from New York for Liverpool, arrived at the Queens town harbor on her beam ends. She expe rienced terrific weather and lost many head of cattle. The steamer is still on her beam ends. The heads and legs of dead and liv ing cattle are seen protruding through the cattle pens and hanging over the side of the vessel. The upper deck of the steamer is a confused mass of dead and living cattle. Many carcasses were thrown overboard and washed ashore. The steamer was towed ashore to prevent her sinking. Only five holds of cattle remain alive. Terrible weath er is reported off the coast. Lieut.-Gen. Sheridan, marshal of the day for the ceremonies attending the dedication of the Washington monument, has issued a general order announcing his chief staff Brevet Brig. Gen Albert Ordway, and as special aideswle-camtp. Col. William J. Volk man, U. S. A., and Linden Kent. A dispatch dated at Portlond, Ore., Dec. 18, says: Lient. Abercrombie of Gen. Miles'staff has just returned from Alaska where he has been engaged In govern. meat expeditions. lie explored the Yukon river for 2,700 miles and reports rich placers for thousands of miles up, paying $50 per tlay to the man. Thie season is short and mining dificul!, and the fisheries the finest known. Several Chinese habus corpus cases that had been brought before the U. S. circuit court of California prior to the day that the Secretary of the Treasury issued his order permitting Chinese who had lived in the United States before the treaty was signed to land. As the order does not cover these it is proposed to try Ithem to see whether the law and the Secretary agree. In Texas on Monday of last week the Mexican Central treight train was wrecked near Siloa by armed bandits. Much valua ble merchandise was stolen. The robbers belong to a revolutionary anti-American party. The government and railroad offi cials eacceeded in suppressint the news for a week. One report says the fireman was killed. The Berlin Gazette intimates that Bis marck has decided to rest tIrm his public duties. It argues that the Chanceller must feel convinced as the obstructive policy of the opposition party in the reichatag devel opes itself, that it is better for him to con sult his health and prepare for the inevitable conflicts of the winter session, which will be the result of this destructive policy, than to sacrifice his health by an honorable effort in a dishonerable struggle. A telegram to the Adjutant General of the army from Gen. Stanley, commanding the department of Texas, reports that the United States torces who pursued the party of supposed Almache ndiatut who recently raided Western Texas froml Mexico, return ed alter pursuing the raiders into the rnoun talus of Mexico 100 mile-. The American troops secured some horses that were stolen, and the commanlding officers reports as his beliet that the raiders were not Indians but Mexicans. A New Orleans dispatch says that on the 19th lust. the British steamer Victoria, from Galveston with cotton and oil cake for Bre men and and here to complete her cargo, was in collision at 6 p. m. with the steamer Fred A. Blanks, making an excursion trip to the Exposition. The Blanks sank in a few minutes. Site Id a number of passen gers on board, but Ihey were all -aved as well as the crew. Capt. McNeeley. of the tug Corsair, remained alongside the sinking vessel until all were taken off. The Blanks wan valued at $100,000 and insured for $25, 000. The joint commission in charge o0 the Washington monument has submitted to congress a report showing its progress dur ing the past year. The report shows the weight of the monument is 81,120 tons, and it has cost $1,187,710, of which congress ap propriated $887,710. In relation to the com pletion of the monument, the engineer in charge of the work submits a report with that of the commission. He says: " Two methods of treating the terrace at the foot of the shaft has been suggested. One meth od will require an appropriation of $612,300 to complete the entire work, the other $16, 008 is desired." The joint commission favor the latter. A Washington dispatch of the 18th says, After the adjournment of Congress this af ternoon a number of Senators and represen tatives boarded a street car at the Capitol to ride down Capitol Hill. It was a very ex citing trip, owing to the tact that the pave ments were very slippery from snow. The cars were run down hill without horses, and the car upon which the congressmen were, in going down, attained too great a velocity and becoming unmanageable ran into an other car immediately ahead. The shock of the collision threw down. several of the con gressmen, and one of them Representative Aemphill, of South Carolina, was;;stunned and had to be taken home in a carriage. Mr. Leedom, Sergeant at Arms. was also injure d, being cut about the face. A bill has heen introduced in the senate amending the aot of June 3. 1878, relating to the sale of timbher lands in California, Or egon, and Nevada. and the Territory of Wa.hington. The amendment permits land to be sold without reference to their fit ness for cultivat in, the original act requir ing before such lands could be sold that they should be certified to be 'tuntit for cultiva tion." Another bill introduced by Dolph provides for amending sec. 2347, revised statutes, relating to the sale of vacant coal lands belonging to the United States. The original section fixes the price at $25 an acre for lands of that character as may be within eighteen miles of a completed rail' road, and $10 an acre for those outside of that distance. The Dolph amendment pro poses to -reduce the price one-half in each case. Both of the bills were referred to the commissoner on public lands. Robert T. Lincoln is said to be the choice' of the Republicans of Chicago for mayor at . the expiration of.Harrison's term.