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BLOOD and Rocky Monntain bunch grass
will tell. The fact that Montana raised run ning horses proves to he leaders on the turf is an assurance that our trotting bred horses raised here will he prize winners also. While we claim to have the best natllral ad vantages in Armrica for raising hardy. tough, healthy horses, we believe the best country for trainining our youngster+s is the Pacific slope. GOAT RANCHES. Therel are upon oilr nloulnHtill~ all neHar the summit of our rtange- a great Iumber of highland dells that would inake excellent goat ranches. ''The prairie ridges running down from tlhe main ranges are always blown bare of snow itn winter, anl goats would winter well without datlger of lo-s. lany of these locations are capable of sus taining front 3(00 to 1,000 goats and are still unclaimed. The goad prices obtained for mohair by our piineer goat mnen, Messrs. Elwell & Bates and Geo. G;rayson. last year. should be an incentive to those of limited means to engage in the industry, and the lo cations spoken of could be utilized to a good advantage. We are confident this will be done when the choice locations on the fron tier are taken, if not before. LOOK AFTER THE COLTS. There has been such mild weather the past month that many stocknmen have come to the conclusion that the winter will amount to nothing, and have doubtless neg lected giving due attention to young stock. Colts that have been allowed to run out on the range should at once be gathered up and examined. As a rule ranchmen do not give enough attention in this direction. If colts are in good health and have plenty of feed and open water they will thrive, but should they have become disordered, it may be easily discovered by haltering and hand ling the animals for a short time, and then the proper remedies should be applied for restoring health. Frequent handling will do them good. Our best horse raisers feed some chopped grain, and some of them find it advantageous to give oil cake. Colts thrive better when they can run loose in the field or pasture, than when kept tied up in a stall. Wheb colts are kept in good growing condition they develop earlier and make better horses. MONTAN A HORSES. The assertion that the Montana horme is destined, at no distant day to imake him ell known, is no idle hbast. Ills superiority to horses grown elsewhere is already an estab lished fact here in our Territory, and true merit cannot tall to make itself felt. When our Territory produces enough horses tot them to make a showing on the thorough fares and pleasure drives of eastern cities, their superior endurance, splendlid hoot, good muscles anmd long life will soon assert themselves and create a demand. Montana bunch grass seems to be peculiarly adapted to the making of good solid horse flesh, strong bone and tough sinew, and our alti tude and pure air, gives good wind, while our open country so educates their vision as to give them superior eye sight over animals grown in most other countries. Our grav elly hills and roads makes the hoof hard and flinty, and hence lass longer and is less giv en to disease than that of the low land horse. Such are our pastures, our soil, our products, our climate and the general sur roundings that our horses are as near what the world wants as has yet been produced. This being the case, fortune certainly lies within the reach of our horse growers. SHEEP HUSBANDRY. It is a well known fact to all who have ta ken the trouble to bear the matter in mind, that the several branches of agriculture are continually fluctuating. First one is on the top and then another throughout the whole list. A few years ago sheep husbandry was on top, ;but every one knew it would not likely remain so. The history of the busi ness was conclusive evidence that it could not. It is now down to the bot tom and we are assured hy the same authority that it is bound soon to rise again. In view o0 this fact operators in sheep should never think of selli,I now. The time to sell is when sheep are up and everybody wants to buy. Now is a good lute, however, to buy; yet, just now it does not seemn like so good an in vestment as it was. The prices obtained fir wool this year were only moderate, and on ly such owners as were out of debt made money. But to make money at sheep hus bandry it is necessary to go into the busi ness for a period of ten years and to figure on the outcome, it is necessary to take the average price for the same term of years. The business is now probably seeing its darkest hours. Spring will bring an 1im proved demand for wool and place the bus iness upon a good looting once more. ENDURAICE Or MONTANA HORSEg. Recently we had a social chat with Mr. Buford Farris, a Missouri breeder, who is one of the best posted men on matters per taining to the breeding and raising of live stock in this Territory. During the course of our conversation-which run largely on Short-horns-we asked his opinion about our climate for the breeding and raising of horses, relative to their staying qualities. He replied: "Montana's climate is the best in the world for raising horses. I have been convinced of this for a number of years and h ave bee-n ialking it to tie fairI1rnr'r-. The lperformllances ot lonltanlla raised horses fully demonstrate this." Then he referred to the teats of Gilt, Hickory Jim and Top Sawyer, runners, that are winning races throughout the States. He laid much stress upon the p;erformances of Top Sawyer and Hickory Jim. better known to the Montana turfmen as "Sorrel Mike." Hickory Jim has made winnings in every State and Territory he has started inl, and now at the advanlced age of 16 year., is running in long races with good success, hits latest feats being at Brigh Beach. where hle as shown himself capable of contestiing first place in the society of the best hror-es on Iti tulrf. Top S.nwyer. now but 3 }cars old, is also leading the van on the Texas turf. Blture hitdlini u- adieu, Mr. Farri .signified his intention to stock and '(quip a first- lass horse ranch(t in this neighborhood for the pIurpose of breeding andl( raising rIunlllllers trim the best sires and dams to lie had in Kentucky. lie already has a nice band of this stock on his farml near Murryville, Missouri, which is to tbe trannsferred to his Montana breeding estab lishment. POLLED-ANGUS VS. SHORT-HORNS. Some time ago the HUSBANDMAN publish ed an article, in which was recited thie re suilt of experiences with Polled-Angus cat tle in this Territory. The article stated facts complimentary to this stock for this climate, and was extensively copied throughout the East and Uanadas. Seeing it so often quoted led some of the Short horn raisers to conclude that we are preju diced in favor of the Polled-Angus. This is a mistake. T'lhe HUSBANDMAN is in no ways prejudiced for any particular breed. The best information to be had on subjects pertaining to live stock, we glean from con versations with intelligent persons engaged in the business of stock raising; and they are given to the public for what they are worth. Recently we had a conversation with Mr. Wm. Gordon, of the Musselshell, a cattle owner of 16 years' experiruce, from whom much was gleaned relative to cattle raising. Touching the subject of Polled ed-Angus he expressed himself Ireely, coin ciding fully with our article, which credited these cattle with being the best rustlers on the range in winter, and many other points of excellence. "But," said he, "1 prefer to raise our grade Short-horns. They are not a stronger breed than the Polled-Angus and there is little or no difference in the size of them. But I have noticed that;the Anugs run too much, and do not take on fat as quick and well as our native cattle. Polled Angus steers that are pure bloods, raised upon our range the same age anId sizeotf our gradle steers, are deficient from 100 to 150 pounds when they reach the market scales. Tihe cattle, I believe, are of a gentle disposi tion, but when turned out upon our ranges they becomre quite wild, and fromi some cause or other do not take on fat like the Short-horns. What we Montana growers want is cattle that will make the most beet, and I am satisfied that our native stock beat anly yet introduced." Mr. Gordon being very lair in his criticism, admited in tile course of his talk that the Polled-Angus were destined to become very popular with growers in this country. Enough had not been seen of the cattle here to determine the quality of the offspring from our natives bred to Polled bulls, and he thought that this cross might yet prove to be a superior kind for range cattle. As to Herefords he had no experience, and therefore had noth ing to say. HOW LONG CAN RANGE HUSBANDRY. LAST I The question is one that has suggested it sell many times to our large cattle owners. That it is doomed some time to become cir cumscribed by agriculture, and come gradu ally down to the domestic system of stock raising, all are willing to admit; yet, just how long it will be before such a state of af lairs is brought about, is hard to guess. The pioneers of the Missippi valley remember when cattle roamed over the bills, threaded the thickets and cane breaks and subsisted upon rushes the year round through half the length of the Missouri and Mississippi. But the increase of population soon chang ed this state of things. In Texas we see elvllizatliot driving the cattle herds before it back upon the steppes of the western border. and reason teaches us that this is only a qutstiun of time whenl the great Amnerlcai pllaims will become the Ihomne of the Iarmnr, anltd whieln by the fin~inig of tile valley and wate. courses tile vast ranges of this region will become limited and suited only to sumi: umer grazing. But how long it will take for such all era to colle about, we cannot quite estimate, When there is stock enough up on the comulmotns to graze off the grass in summer any one can readily see that there will he no show for an aaLinal to live in winter, and with the rapid increase of our herds we can readily see that each year is bringing us nearer such an epoch. if our ranges, or rather;oumr herds could be con trolled as if by one man, it would be very easy to perpetuate the system of husbandry for many years. since the herds would be decreased to correspond with the range. But the wild rush of cattle to our own Ter ritory from the States tell but too plainly our ranges must soon become overdone, and as this comes about profits will grow less as losses will be greater. It is possible for a few leading owners to perpetuate their business for a long time by buying up the lands along the creeks of illy watered rang es, and we know of no other method, tor if lelt to the natural turn of events, twenty and perhaps ten more years will find their ccupationl robbed ,,f its 'rofits, ii not gone. out the mall who will go to a new range and possess all he can of it may make his business permuanent. He may not be able to possess enough to sustain as much stock as hIe might wish, but he can have enough to retain a lucrative business. The old the ory that the cattleman needed only a cabin, and that lie could move on when pressed by the plow-share, meant a sure and speedy end to his business. His only hope is to build a home, and by the purchase of the areable lands, the posse-sion of water rights, etc., (lely the enllroachmenlt of set tlers. Our cattlemen laughedll when we pointed oJut to them. six or eight years ago, that ttis was tllepolicy of the wool grosser, and that it was their only show to hold their own agaillst these and the general farmer. But the mljority of thelll are ready to Oill cidel withl tit, nIow. They see, as we do, that it is the only plan to adopt, that otherwise range husbanldry mrust give way. as it has in all other countries. to the tiller of the soil. The wise will fortify themselves now while they may. THE BAD LANDS. This is a region of country from which our cattle herds will be slow to retreat. It is claimed, and probably correctly so, that they are fine wheat lands; but, as a rule they are so broken that it is not at all likely that they will be molested by the plowshare for many years to come. As a home for the shepherd they are a failure. The adobe nature of the soil gives sheep the footrot during the rainy season of the spring, and flock-masters who have tried such locations, are heartily sick of them. Sheep will not molest the cattle herds on these ranges to any extent and neither will our horse herds. It is necessary for horse growers to keep well within the limits of the settlements to prevent their stock from being all run off by thieves. It is therefore very plain that the bad lands will be occupied exclusively by cattle. Thley afford excellent range, though there are so many alkali bogs that it keeps the cowboys on the go in the spring to keep the cattle out of the mire. They afford a most excellent winter range, and taken al together cattle men succeed fully as well on these lands as elsewhere. . . .- - .f - i TOP SAWYER IN TEXAS. From the reports that come up from the Texas circuit this youtng, Montana-raised horse, is opening the eyes of the sporting people in the Lone Star State. He is only three and one-halt years old, but it appears that he is not afraid to start in the free for all ages. At Waco, November 21, in a race or a mile and one-eighth, for a purse ot $300 he carried 115 pounds, and won in 2:00. At San Antonio, the second day of the races-November 26, he was again victori ous. A correspondent ,of the Spirit of the Ties, speaks of the race in the lollowiiig style: "" Probably lew better races are seen anywhere. at least none that have been more hotly contesied, than the mile heat race, for all ages, that followed the pace. There were five etarters, Belle B., Virgie Hearne, Top Sawyer. John Sullivan, and Etfic H. Every owner backed his horse, and up to the end ing it was 'anybody's race.' Sullivan sold for $40; Top Sawyer, $22; Virgie Hearne, $8; Bell B., $6, and Etffe H., $8. The bet ting was up into thousands, and 'the tips' were out on every horse. Bell B. and Efile H. ran together to the half, then the former led away from Eflie H., who had been acci dentally 'cut down' by Sullivan in attempt ing to pass, and a hot pace was being run between Sullivan and Bell B They suo ceeded In pumping each other out by the time they reached the middle of the stretch, and Top .Sawyer came through the bunch like a rocket, passed both, and won the heat amid the wildest excitement, in 1:45, Sulli van second, Bell B. third. Pools sold after the heat: Sullivan, $20; field, $24, both ends being taken as fast as Herdic could sell. All came to the post looking like race horses, and long odds were offered that Sawyer would not take the next heat. What a scrabble it was I First one would gain a halt head, then fall back again. They were all well bunched to the head of the stretch, when a fighting finish commenced between Sawyer, Bell B., and Sullivan. Bell B. dropped back at the eighth pole, and then Campbell, on 'the slugger's' namesake, and O'Hara on Sawyer, did some of the tallest kind of exercising. Both appeared to be made up of nothing but arms and legs. co energetically were they applying both whip and spur. At no time in six months have I seen Sawyer so completely -at himself' as in this race. It wasn't in Sullivan to beat him, though lie ran as gamely as an out classed horse;couid, and Sawyer came under the wire nearly two-thirds of a'length ahead, making the best record of any mile heat raceu through the circuit. Sullivan second, Bell B. third. Time, 1:4·." On December 3 lie won a race of two heats. ''imel:49 and 1:59). Probably his greatest teat of the season was on tile last day of the fair in which he ran in a mile and a half heat race against Miss Goodrich and Sullivan, winning by a full hal' length, in 2:441; Sullivan second. Top Sawyer is by Tom Sawyer, first dam by Gilroy. sou of Lexington, dam by Glen coe. Tom Sawyer is by Imp. Harrington, dam, Ella Jackson by Lightning, son of Lexington. The owner of Top Sawyer le Bulord Far ris, an extensive breeder who, for the past thirteen years, has made annual visits to r Montana, and has at length settled upon the plan of establishing a breeding farm here ot which 'rop Sawyer is to be the Chief. RU88IA'S WOOL PRODUCTION. Consul Van Riper, at Moscow, in a late report, discusses the wool production of Russia, which, he intimates, is of interest, in that it is one of the principal exports from Russia to the United States. The well known Russia carpet wool is "a product of the southeastern Governments," and "not to be found equal in length in any other part of the world." The next best in quali ty are the "Donskni fleeces," to be found in the steppes on both sides of the river D)on. Savolga fleeces are becoming rare, as the Government has gradually driven its culti vators off from the good grazing lands along the Volga to a more sterile territory. Mos cow is the Russia wool market. *'Owing to the direct and growing relations between America and Russia, the time has arrived" when it would be more advantageous to Atmerican merchants and mnanufacturers to purchase their necessary quantities "direct" as importing firms in New York, Philadel phia and Boston have already done. Ger many and England are active competitors for this trade. Wool is generally very loosely packed, but the attention of ship pers has been called to the importance of packing more carefully, as the Atlantic steamers charge by measurement and not by weight; and another advantage is, that proper packing protects the wool against undue moisture. JAMES FERGUS F SON. P. O. Address-Fort Maginnis. Range - Box Elder, and Armells creeks. Ear-marks-Crop and unde.bit from right ear. Vent-F upside down over bar Horses branded F on right shoulder. MONTANA CATTLE CO Range--American Fork Musselshell valley. Post-office address-- Martinsdale, Meagher county, Moh.tnoa, and Helena, Montana. Also, owners of cattle bearing the following brands, and owners of the brands : on left side or ribs. on left side or ribs " on left side or ribs A on left hip and on left side. WI. WALLACE. iRange-Musselshell. P. O. Address-New Chicago. Wallet on each Jaw of main herd ; also owner of cattle brand ed W on right side; also cattle marked underbit in left and crop in right ear, branded 6 on right hip; also cattlh marked rmderbit in left and crop off of right ear, branded .1lI (combined) on hip and side; and others branded F on left hip and shoulder: \ [LIAAMS & CALLAWAY, BREEDER AND DEALERS OF Pare Short-Horn and Grade Cattle Breeding to milk strains a specialty. A flne lot of Grade and Thoroughbred bulls for sale. Range---Upper Ruby valley, between the can yons P. O.--Virginia City and Puller's Springs Mark--Over-bit in each ear, and pendant me talic tag in either ear. Brand-Circle thus Q on loft side, over ribs, instead of triangle C on hip. 200 HEAD -OF Horses For Sale. Buggy and Carriage teams well mated, Draft horses single or in pairs; well broke Sad dle horses, all good American stock. Also a choice lot of mares colts, yearlings, sand a good stall ion, at a argain. 22-tf MRS. J. G. S 1RTER. Fort Logan. M. T. DAIRY AND SHEEP RANCH FOR BALEJ One hundred and sixty acres of fine mead ow land, all under a substantial tence well improved, convenient to the finest range on Smith river and can never be fenced out from range privileges; also fine spring af fording all water neessary to run a large dairy. The above will be sold at a bargain. Apply to or address JOSEPH GARRETT. Fort Logan. Mont. THE DIAMOND SPRIHGS RANCH COMPANY. Situated ten Miles from Helena.) t . I . . ottingStoeek, Aort- Roa .rnnd Jersey Cattle, and Registered BeSrkhlir Hogs.: The following Stallions for Service during the season of 1884-5: i`+.i ' 1998) Public Record, 9:80; Private ecotrd one amobrnio jl a oami, ie, 9:4X Half mile, 1:08". by Mambrlo Patchen (hfll brother to Lady Thorne, 2:18.) Dam Black Girl, by Cassius M. Clay. No wth5)ard, VVolutesr-t'r, .by Volunteer, by Ryadyk's H bletouln o Dam, Lady Duroc, by i'ilot Duomoo, son of ilnot Jr., slire of dam no Maud 8. and Jay-Eye-See. Alao' for sale, finely bred brood mares stinted to the above named stallions. For further partioU arys apply to Helena, Montana. J. S. (IROS8T d CO 8[inIltnan HUNTLEY & CLARKE, ,I VEl} SIDE Stock Farm. JIEF' FERNOSN ('OUJN'FY, M. T. BR tI2ED ER~ OF Trotting Horses and Roadsters of High Merit. with Fashionable Pedigrees. Also breeders of Grade Stock and Draft horses. We keep constantly on hand for sale, at rea sonable prices, young stallions, fillies and brood mares ofthe most a pproved trotting and thor oughbred crosses i also driving teams and work horses. Inquiries promptly answered. "i-Send for Catalogue. GADDIS & BRYAN, BREEDERS OF Thorcnghbrod and Grade Herefords. YOING STOCk FOR SALE. Brand-Quarter circle T on left side. Same for horses, on left thigh. Ranch, five miles south of White Sulphur Springs. P. 0. Addreli-Fuor Logan or White Sulphur Springs. T. J. FLEMING. .oPea- 'aOm(h *ivo valley, from Camp Ba ker to Iim Rock moun tains. P. O.-Diamond City Sheep! Sheep! 800 Head of a m s For Sale Thoroughbred Cotswohl and Merinos, Cross-bloods of pure Merino and Cotswolds; also Rams I Meri no. I Cotswold. and Rams C.otswold, - Merino. These sheep a:. ":ro' the best flocks in Wis consin, Vermon. and Canada. COOK & HUSSEY. 7P. O. Address.-Unity and White Sulphur Springs, Montana. PARIS IlBSONI & SON, FORT BENTON, M. T, DEALERS IN Montana, States-Grown and Im ported sheep. Pure Blooded Merinos and Shropshire Downs a Specialty.