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JUDITH GAP IS LOCATED IN THE CEN T ER OF THE LARGEST AND MOST PRO LIFIC W I NTER WHEAT RE GION IN THE WOR LD Judith Qap Journal VOL. 4. NO JUDITH GAP. MONTANA. FRIDAY. JUNE 14. 1912. PRICE, *IVE CENTS GETTING READY FOR WINTER WHEAT (By Prof. Shaw.) The large amount of moisture in Korthwesteru soils brings with it a temptation that may result in harm. Because the laud can be plowed easily on account of the more than average amount of moisture in the soil, the danger is present that flax sowing will be too long continued. Unduly late sowing brings with it two dang ers. One is that the crop may be hurt by dry weather that may follow the sowing, and the other is that the crop may be hurt by frost before it matures. It is true at the same time, that a good yield is possible from a late sown crop. But since there is hazard in sowing it, why should sueli hazard be iucurred? Will it not be a safer course to follow, to summer fal low the land to prepare it for sowing to winter wheat, where the condi tions favor that crop, and to make it ready for spring grain where they do not? With the supply of moisture that is now in the ground, it should not be difficult to hold enough to germinate fall sown wheat when the time comes for sowing it. The large amount of moisture that has fallen since last August in the Northwestern States is very liable to throw people oft their guard. The dry farming methods should not be neglected in any way. Next season may be very different from this one. Last autumn rain was so abundant that grain could be sown amid the stubbles with safety. It may be very different next autumn. As soon as the land is plowed for the fallow' it should be packed. The disc will usually do this work fairly well. If the land has been plowed out of sod, the discs should be so set as not to tear up the sod. It may be necessary in some instances to weight the disc. Thé packing of the laud should be done the day the land is plowed. If this is not done the soil will lose all or nearly all its moisture In a few days, down as far as the plow went. It 1 b greatly important that such moisture should not be lost. The disc or packer is to be followed by the harrow, so that a tine soil mulch will be made on the land. This mulch will prevent the escape of I RESOLVED THAT A HOU.SE SHOULD BE WELL MADE FROM THE GROUND UP. A MAN SHOULD BE WELL DRESSED FROM THE GROUNDUP SHOES ADD MUCH lb A MAN'S' APPEARANCE AND COMFORT. AT YOUR FEET WELL, THEV STAND THE STRAIN oié "QUALITY .STORE" WE ARE THE EXCLUSIVE AGENT S IN OUR TOWN TOR THE FOLLOWING LINE OF -SHOE.S: COPELAND AND RYDER, F. MAYER, BARTON BROTHERS. THE REASON WE RECOMMEND THESE *SHOE«S TO YOU I«S BECAUSE THEY HAVE «STOOD THE TE.ST OF TIME. WE KNOW THEY ARE COOD SHOES AND THAT WE CIVE YOU GOOD JHoE-5 FOR YOUR GOOD MONEY. COME TO US AND LEU US -5HOE YOUR WHOLE FAM ILY. BEER«S AND HAYNEJ, THE PIONEERS OF JUDITH GAP" moisture. It should be maintained until wheat is sown in the fall, and until the end of the open seasou when w'heat is not sown. Tills mulch must be renewed after each considerable rain as soon as the land gets dry enough to harrow with out the earth sticking to the harrow teeth. The fallow' must be kept free from weeds. It should also be remem bered that the earlier the ground is plowed, the more moisture it will storç up against the time of need. The wheat crop of 1913 will largely depend on what is done by the farm ers in areas that are know'll as dry, between now' and the time for Bow ing winter wheat. If a large crop is to be reaped in HUS, a large amount of land should be devoted to fallow. There is no good reason why this should not be done, as there is now a large amount of moisture in the soil. A STATE OF OPPORTUNITY Billings, Mont., .Tune 12. -Montana I is the state of opportunity for the dairying business in the opiniou of .1. C. Hinsdale who has just returned to his home in Illinois after making an investigation of conditions with a view of purchasing land and going in to the business on an extensive scale. He does not contemplate the starting of a dairy from which milk will be re tailed, but rather the breeding and selling of high grade milch cows and the sale of butter fat to creameries and he savs the industry should prove immensely profitable for the reason that good cows are scarce. There is an abundance of the finest kind of food and the demand for the product at high prices is strong. In this con nection the msuager of the local creamery says the institution pays from 5 to t« cents more per pound for butter fat than does eastern concerns, also that alfalfa, pound for pound, is equal to wheat bran as a producer of butter fat, and that the finest alfalfa in the country is grown in. this sec tion. - . There is nothing to compel a man to stick by a profitless post when there is no danger! You hear of a lot of things in the interest of the people which don't help them much. r TRUE PATRIOTISM By WILLIAM ALLEN WHITE, Emporia, Kansas. The preservation of the home trade to the home town carries with it the preser vation of many of our American fantitutions. It seems to me that a let of good things in American life will pass if tlie country town passed. -Ami it will pass just so surely as ceutral zation of retail mail order business in cities continues'. The American country town, the town of from one hundred to one hundred thousand people, preserves better than the crowded city and better than the lonely ranch and isolated farm life, the things that make America great. Here in these country towns the spirit of neighborliness is the pre vailing spirit. Men come to know one another and when any two hu man beings come to know one another, in the one who is intelligent and wise respect always rises for the other. To know one's fellows always is to sympathize with them. Neighborliness spells fraternity. The American country town with its broad circle of friendships, with its close homely simple relations between men, with its spirit of co-operation and with its economic status that permits the creation of no indecently rich and no object!) poor, the American country town, it seems to me, is the most hopeful of our American institutions. To destroy that town, furnishing the market for the farmer and giv ing steady employment to labor, means a reorganization of our com mercial, social and industrial life that will be revolutionary and more a matter of doubtful value. The mail order house therefore becomes a menace to this country, the mail or der house unrestricted will kill our smaller towns, creating great cities with tlielr terrible contrasts of life, with their cruel social relations, with their inevitable caste feeling that cone from the presence of strangers who are rich and poor liv ing side by side. Friendship, nei^iborliness, fraternity or whatever you call that spirit of com radery that comes When men know one another well, ia the cement that holds to gether this union of the states. It is not created in great cities. Great cities give much in alms, but little in justice. Only as we know' eacli other well can we treat each other justly; and the city is a wilderness of careless strangers whose instincts of humanity are daily becoming more and more blunted to suffering, because in the nature of things suffering in cities must be impersonal. It is not the suffering of friends and neighbors and kith and kin as it is in the smaller town. So the mail order house crushing out our towns is drying up the milk of human kindness in our hearts. And that brings as back to first principles; if we who live In these small towns in America can not see that our duty to our country lies first of all In our duty to our neighbors, then we are blind indeed to the basis of real patriotism, is only neighborly kindness. Patriotism is not in cheering for the flag; it is not in feeling our eyes filled with emotional tears at hearing "The Star Spangled Ban ner;" patriotism is just old-fashioned human duty. To sacrifice our neighbor—the man who helps the town with its taxes, with Its public business, with Its myriad activities for neighborly righteousness—to sacrifice that man and his business for the mere sake of saving a dollar on the purchase of a hundred dollars', worth of goods is just as unpatriotic as it Is to spit at the flag. I or the Hag if it means |ny thing means the golden rule; the Hag means friendly burden bearilt$;.''it means mutual help in trouble; it means stauding together against common foes. , The motto of the mail order house is every man for himself and the devil take the hlndermost—and you bet the devil will. That spirit never fails to vork; and the weak man, the unprotected man, the man aloue—the mar on the farm, at the end of the fact, when his farm market is gone, when his town is gone, when the spirit of sel fishness and greed has left this country cold and hard and mean and neighborless—the farmer wil be the hindermost. J NAKED ISSUE OF RIGHT AND WRONG New York, June to.—Thetdore Roosevelt discusses conditions atChi cago in an article entitled "A Naked Issue of Right and Wrong," to appear in the current issue of The Out.ook. Mr. Roosevelt says in part: "The contest for the republican nomination now lias narrowed Town to a naked issue of right and wrong; for the issue is simply whether we shall permit a system of naked fraud, of naked theft from the people to tri umph. "Properly speaking, the national committee's only function is honestly to judge what delegates have prima facie the right to a seat and to sug gest the name of a temporary chair man, who shall call the convention to order. Practically the attempt is be ing made by the Taft members to use the present national committee for the purpose of unseating honestly elected delegates and of seating enough fraud ulently elected delegates,! especially from the states where there is no real republican party, to secure the nomination of Mr. Taft." After reviewing the primary results iu the various states, Colonel Hoose velt continues: "Mr. Taft cannot be uominate l un less he gets the overwhelming major ity of tire rotten borough states which never cast a republican electoral vote andin which the delegations represent only the office holders. Even if he gets practically all the Handpicked del MERCHANT'S HOTEL Otto Riemann, Proprietor Meals and Rooms Always First Class Dining Room Open Three Hours At Esch Meal Time egates from these states he cannot be nominated until by deliberate fraud in such states as Indiana, Michigan and Washington, not to mention oth ers, the republicans are defrauded of their right to express their preference as to who is to get their votes. "He can be nominated only by dis regarding the expressed will of an overwhelming majority of two and a half millions of republicans who from Massachusetts and renusylvania to Illinois and California have voted as to their choice for president. "Under such circumstances, his nomination would represent the over riding of the expressed will of the people, by Messrs. Barnes, Penrose, Guggenheim, Clayton, Powell and the rest. "But I wish to call attention to the fact that it is Messrs. Barnes, McKin ley and their assistants on behalf of Mr. Taft who are engaged in the ef fort to prepetrate the gravest wrong upon the republican party and u| on the people of the United States and that in such action they stand, not as the representatives of the republican party butas individuals misrepresent ing that party with no claim to loy alty from it, and whom it is the bom • den duty of that party to repudiate.'' Congregational Church Annonncemnet. Children's Day will be observed with appropriate exercises Snu'lay, June 10th, at 10:30 o'clock iu tho morning. There will he special mu sic by tlie Sunday school, recitations by tlie scholars, and a short address by tlie pastor. An offering for the work of tlie Sunday school will be taken during tlie progrun. All par ents and friends are cordially invit ed. — F. Va d u, Pastor. FRED UEECK GETS A HEAVY FINE For taking junk valued at not to exceed 820, Fred Ueeck, well known in Judith Gap, was lined 8500 by a Harlowton justice of the peace. The stuff was taken from Nye's shearing plant in the Hopley creek country. It consisted of an old piece of belting, a grind stone and a few tools. Lastyearthe Ueeck brothers bought a gasoline plow outfit and moved out to their claims on the forest reserve south of the Little. Belts. They have had enough contracts for breaking to keep them busy all spring. It is not known why the stuff was taken from the shearing plant, but it was un doubtedly done to make some repairs on the plow outfit. The brothers had a good reputation while living here before going on to their claims, and it is hard to believe they took the stuff with the idea of getting away with the loot. Anyhow, Fred was arrested and taken to Harlowton. Assistant County Attorney W. C. Ilusban l ad vised Fred to plead guilty and assur ed him he would receive the minimum line of 8200 for pel tit larceny. Fred took the suggestion, pleaded guilty, and got 85(H). Attorney Husband did all he could to get the minimum line placed, but the justice was obdurate. Fred could not pay the fine, and was taken to White Sulphur Springs Wed nesday to serve 250 days. It is strange how many men wor ried through boyhood without the aid of the Boy Scout movement. We lead, others follow We buy the best in the market We give clean quick service We give the beat meal for 35c We use coffee that Is best by test We serve short order« Day and Night A trial la all we need GAP GRILL H. M. HANSON Proprietor STATIONARY GASOLINE ENGINES From I to 2 horse power Just the thing with which to grind feed, pump water, and act as a handy help» er on the farm. The prices are right See those 1-horse Garden Cultivators They are just what you need at this time of year. Full line of hardware Full line of groceries Full line of dry goods Full line of farm machinery C.R.STONE A TOOTHPA STE MINE THE LATEST Billings, Mont., June 12 •"-A. ton of toothpaste is to bedistribu **din small tubes among visitors in J. 'Mings by the Chamber of Commerce, 88 °ue of the many wonderful things w hich ex ist naturally in Montana, am. 1 entitle - it the name "Teasure State." ' The paste was accidently discovered hv a farmer in this vicinity who w; ' s en - gaged in digging a well. At a « 'om paiatively shallow depth the w. men struck a four foot strata of pa like substance and when a samp I e ' was analyzed it was pronounced t be pumice in a highly pulverized form. Some of it was sent to an eastern con cern which manufacturers prepara tions for the teeth, with a result that» large quantity was immediately pur chased. The formation exists in practically unlimited quantities and it is expected it will be mined and placed on the market from this city. THEBLOOMERGIRLS PLAY BALL HERE Next Sunday, June Iflth, the Bos ton bloomer baseball girls will play the Judith Gap club for a division of the gate receipts and a side bet large enough to make the game interesting. The local boys have been out practic ing lateiy and the new recruits to the nine show up well. The locals feel conHdent they can beat the traveling aggregation to a frazzle. It ought to be an interest ing contest.