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JUDITH GAP IS LOCATED IN THE CENTER O F THE LAROESt AND MOST PR OLIFIC WINTER WH EAT REGION IN T HE WORLD Judith Gap Journal VOL. 4. NO 40. JUDITH GAP. MONTANA. FRIDAY. AUGUST 16. 1912. PRICE. FIVE CENTS BIRTHDAY CELEBRATION AND HARVEST FESTIVAL SEPT. 13-14 Last Friday afternoon the execu tive committee of the commerça ai club consisting of 'S. J. Small, C. L. Beers and C. K. Stone, circulated the subscription paper for donations for the coming annual «vent of the town, the birthday celebration, and within two hours raised over $990. During the past three years these celebrations have been growing in importance until they are looked for ward to with pleasant anticipation by thousands of residents in this section of the country. The coming celebra tion promises to be bigger and better in every way than any of its pre decossors. Every year the public spirited cit iceus of Judith (Jap .have donated from $ 1,000 to $i,k0Otfor these cele brations, which is a marvel to every body everywhere .who bears .of it. Towns of four to ten times the size of Judith Gap bave attempted to raise money for .lake celebrations, and .from $200 to $500 is the result <of atreiious labors. Judith (Jap has a population of about 300, but in point «of enthu siasm and loyalty to .the «town they count as 3.000. Tliis subscription money «is largely expended with the farmers in itlns vi cinity in the way at premiums for agricultural exhibits, and the com A PARASITE ON ALFALFA In the state of Utah an insect pest has appeared which is doing much harm to the alfalfa crop. This insect (Phytonomus posticies) has been known for a long time in the old world. For many decades if not in deed centuries, it has preyed upon .the alfalfa of (Southern Europe, West tern Asia* and Northern Africa. I« this country it was first noticed «ou the outskirts of Halt Lake City, Utah, in 1904. Its ravages had become so extended by 1907 that the attention why Dont Y ou WEAR ft .SHIFT. THvE? 7 f m i ///// RC.Solved THAT ALTHOUGH A tV\H MAY wear good clothes on the OUTSIDE HE QVYT neUiom IF HE ft HOT ORESSeO RIGHT AU. THE WAVTHROUO^. ITlSlMTH more than the price OF a SHIRT "IDTEELTHAT YOU CAN TAKE Off YOUR COAT /N A CROWD. BUSTER BRCMV. » JW SHIRT [TITS YOUTbo MUCH. eoeraiurr mot av wt auarea imwn Co. Chi exaic "QUALITY «5TORE" A WELL-FITTING'«5HIRT FEEL.5 COMFORTABLE BECAUSE IT I-S VERY CLOGE TO YOU. TO BUY GOOD .SHIRTS IS ECONOMY. THE LAUNDRY, YOU KNOW, IS HARD ON CHEAP SHIRTS. WE THINK OF THIS WHEN WE BUY OUR SHIRTS. YOU ALSO NEED SOME COLLARS, Do YOU NOT? THE LINEN IN COLLARS SHOULD BE GOOD AND THE STYLE RIGHT. IT IS NOT ECONOMY TO BUY POOR COLLARS; AND THEN YOU WANT THE PROPER CUT IN COLLARS. WE ALSO HAVE LOTS OF NICE NECKTIES To GO AROUND THE COLLARS. BEERS AND HAYNES, "THE PIONEERS OF JUDITH GAP" ! ! j I j I I | j ! I I ; : I j mittee pays every prize agreed upon. The result of this keeping good failli with the people In every respect as agreed results in one of the finest ■agricultural .exhibits ever shown in the state, and a tremendous attend ance of outside people to the celebra tions. The agricultural exhibits are the marvel of all who visit the big •tent every .year. Last year l'rof. Shaw. who awarded the premiums, said it was the best exhibit for a new country he had ever seen. He thought so much .of it that .he arranged to ship nearly .the entire exhibit to !St. Paul where the Great Northern exhibition cars were sqpplied with the same, wliile a portion was.placed on perma nent exhibition at the display rooms of that railroad in 8t. Paul. This vear the exhibit promises to be .la i*er and better than the previous ones. The crops in places are much better than ever before. The farm ers are loyal to the celebration and save «the best samples of their pro ducts. They are loyal to the coun try, .and take as .much interest in showing .what can be done in this section from an agricultural stand point as though they had thousands of acres to.sell, which they have not. Without their hearty co-operation these celebrations would not be the •of >tlie Utah Experiment Station was called to it. By l»ll it,bad reached parts of Wyoming and,Idaho adjacent to .Utah, lu 1900 the Governor of Utah appealed to the United States Department of Agriculture to aid the Utah Experiment Station in lighting the ,pest. Since that time the Depart ment .has employed scientists to try and find some effective.means of com bating the pest. The Alfalfa IVeevil is thus describ <ed in Bulletin üo. lia, Department of Entomology, U.. S. Department of Agriculture, by Prof. F. M,^Webster. "It Is a small, rather insignificant ap pearing beetle, slightly under oue fourth of an inch long, of a brown color, mixed with gray and black hairs arranged in indistinct spots and splendid successes they are from year to year. Everybody is feeling good «ver the tine prospects for a crop. Winter wheat, oats and fiax are going to bè the best ever, and the agricultural display this year will hé worth .going a long ways to see. There will he all kinds of «ports of a nature to enlist the uudividëd in terest of ail. A fine brass band will be here the two dayB to euliveu every minute with stirring music, and the bowery platform will be much larger than heretofore so that all can dance botii day and evening if they want to. Make your preparations .now tobe the guest of Judith Gap ou Friday and Saturday, September iilth and 14th. Pick out something .growing ou the farm to enter for premiums or for display. The decorating committee will want a quantity of alfalfa and timothy for decorating purpose, und will be under obligations to friends in the country if they will save good specimens for this purpose. Ever green trees will be needed for decor ating purposes, and those living neat' tlie mountains can bring in a load at any time now and tiud a ready mar ket for them among the business men. Hurrah! for the fourth annual birthday celebratiou. stripes ou the hack." The eggs af$ laid in the spring and early summer within the stems «r ou the buds aud leaves, and they hatch within about ten days. The larvas are email green ish worms with a black head. When full grown they are about one tow«th .of an incli long. They prey upon the crop buds, the leaves and eveu upon the stalks. The damage resulting mny vary with the conditions from very slight to almost complete de struction of the cutting. The hay ok* taiued from infested held« is woody because of the absence of leaves, and it is much liable to in duce coughing when fed to horses. Various methods of lighting have been tried. These have only .been partially successful. These include: ditciiig to stimulate growth, grazing witli sheep, drawing a street sweeper or wire brush over the held, and burning the stubbles. Attempls.are also being made to introduce parasites from the Eastern Hemisphere which will prey upon the weevils. It is al so considered important to destroy all trash such as grows along the borders ol irrigating canals, and in waste places generally. The insects hide in these and also under clods and about the crowns of alfalfa plauts where they hybernate. lhe bulletin referred to does not say anything as to the measures that should be adopted in uniufested areas to prevent the introduction of the weevils. Of course in areas near to infested territory, the invasion will occur through the migration of the weevils in the spring of the year. But the fact that the beetles came to Utah from the old world, makes it clear that invasion may come in oth er ways. It may be that it may come in poorly cleaned seed. It may cer tainly come in alfalfa hay. It would be nothing short of a cal amity to have this insect introduced into Montana where the future prom ises so much in regard to the growing of alfalfa and also alfalfa seed. It would seem to be eminently wise to make sure in all areas where alfalfa is imported that it does not come from an infested region. Whether the insect can live in an area with winters like Montana and the Dako tas lias not been ascertained. It is to be devoutly hoped that this will nev ver have to be proved in any northern state by actual test. Promises to be Record Year. This year promises to be a record breaker for the Montana Wesleyan university at Helena. Saturday the campaign for the 850,000 in the city of Helena was brought to a success ful close which insures a new build ing on the spleudid campus near the state capitol. Mouday the summer school for teachers aud 8th grade studeuts opened with more than twice the number enrolled for any previous year, and many students from all parts of the state are already sendiug in their names for the fall term which will open September 3rd. Ask a friend for his honest opinion of you and you'll likely not care for it after you get it. A PLEA FOR THE FARMER'S WIFE Editor of the Journal: If you will allow space in your paper I would li^e to say a few words in behalf of Ute farmer's wife. Now that the time of year has come when the farmers and gardeners of Meagher county should begin gathering their best samples of grains, grasses and vegetables for our annual fair. We have line crops this year and every one should take pride in making the exhibit the finest ever known in the county. At the very mention of Sept. 15th, an incentive minings up within us to do something better than our neighbor which is all right if not carried to extremes. In looking over the splendid exhibits of i'll 1 1 failed to find one single entry made by a farmer's wife. Though 1 dare say that most of the garden stuff was raised by the sweat of some good wife's brow, wiio toiled early and late iu her little garden. In many in stallées it was she who purchased the the seed aud planted them. She who spent wearv hours 'iieatli a blazing sun, hoeing and weeding—she who eagerly watched the fruit of her toil come to maturity—she who with care ful patience gathered and prepared lier vegetables and tlowers for "hus band" to carry to town and entei as his very own. She who, resignedly, watched "husbands" face light up as the judges placed the blue ribbon on the "splendid exhibit of "Mr." Smith or Jones or Brown—She who read—oh, so proudly (?) the glowing headlines in our much loved Journal of the numberless premiums carried o»T by "Mr." so and so. She, who wliile she toiled, saw some long cherished dream realized with that premium money and she who saw the precious coins slip down into hus band's trouser pocket and stay there as far as she was concerned. Now is this fair? 1 say not. and being a far mer's wife can at least have my say if not my way though I see some far mer brother rise up in indignation to vtexclaim—etc—. - Now we know that to some extent we women show less interest iu our fair than our more enthusiastic hus bands who really are not to blame af ter all. Now sisters let's wake up, and by onr own interest and exertion be in the front ranks. We want to say to the worthy officers of the fair associa tion, give us a ciiance, offer pre miums to the wife for the toil of her hand, give her room where she can place Lefore the public not only the fruit of the ground but her idea of .what a farm could and should be even iu Montana and you'll be surprised at the results. Back in the "old home" our mer chants and business men, in order to « icourage interest on the part of far nvM' , e wives in regard to the annual fair, offered extra premiums outside of those offered by the association. For instance, one merchant off ered a choice head scarf or hand bag to the farmer''« wife who took 1st premium on butter. Our lumber dealers gave a cottage door or plaie glass window for the largest and liest collection of fruits and j«elJies. Our agent gave a 100 mile tieket over the roail lie rep resented for the prettiest and best ar ranged exhibit. Our confectioner gave a box <4 ibs) of bon-bons for the best written article boosting our town. Now tins may all seem like foolishness to you, mv strong miuded brother, but we women like bon-bons now as when you came a courting." Now sister, let's be up ami doing. Plan our exhibit now, then on Sept. 15th exhibit our plan and I believe the fair of 1912 will he the best ever. There will at this time be many "strangers within our gates" aud the advertising we get from a good ex hibit is far reaching as well us valu able, so let's "get busy." —A farmer's wife. Announcement. The third annual fair of Meagher county will be held at fair grounds at Ilarlowton, Montana, commencing Wednesday, September 4th, and clos ing Friday, September tttli. This annual fair is for the benefit of everyone iu Meagher county, and tlieir co-operation and patronage is solicited to make this the biggest and liest fair of any held iu the history of the county. Special rates on all roads ieuding to ilarlowton and connecting points will be given, which will be announc ed iu our papers later. jwtf "1 got a new attachment for the family piano," said Mr. Growcher; • and it's a wonderful improvement." "What is it?" "A lock aud key."—Washington Star. I i j ; j ! J j j I I I j j j BAD PLOWING IN MONTANA (By Prof. Thos. Sliaw.) Much of the plowing that is done in the western Dakotas and Montana is nothing short of a menace to the im mediate future of crop production, be cause of its wretched character. Some of the poor plowing is doue by the farmers themselves, but more, much of it is doue by those who use power plows and do the work at so much an acre. Much of the work tiiat those men do is simply wretched in character. No milder term will fitly apply to it. The land plowed is turned over in part by the mould-board plows and in part by disk plows. The character of much of the plowing done by those power plows will be made apparent iu the following demonstration, con ducted at Moccasin in the Judith Ba sin on the experimental farm at that place July 25th. The occasion was the holding of a monster picnic of two to three thousand people at the farm. Two power plows were at work. Une was a mouldboard and the other a disk plow. What was the character of the work done? The mouldboard plow turned the sod over at depths varying from two to six inches. In some places there were two skips. Some of the furrows were thrown ov er quite oil the top of the furrows ad jaceut to them, thus making a crown of eartli and a depression alongside of it, such us would call for great la bor to put it in an even condition, and when so evened, many sods would lie on tlie surface in a way that would interfere with the harrowing of the grain crop that follows. The disk plow had torn tlie sod iuto fur row slices of varying depths and lengths. Some of these lay with the grass side dowu and some with the grass side up. Some of them lay oil the edge aud they lay lengthwise aud crosswise aud at all angles. It could not be traveled over by man or beaBt without labored effort. And that was a demonstration. - If these ate the kind of demonstrations that those with power plows give, what must be the character of tlie plowing that is not a demonstration? I do not say that all tlie plowing thus done by power plows is of that character, but much of it is. 1 have heard it spoken of as rascally. The ground that was turned over with tlie disk plow at Moccasiu would be exceedingly difficult to pulverize. I fail to see how it could be done, ex cept by using on it a very heavy cut away disk, and keeping at it until it was cut in pieces. When thus fined it would be covered with bits of sod that will not rot. It is simply too The dap Hotel and drill Rooms SOc, 76c, and $1.00 The Best of Everything in the Season's Harket. Try our Regular Dinners—35c Rates by Week or Month H* Al, Hanson, Proprietor DEERING Binder \ wine Binders that are lightest In draft. In truth, the most up-to date grain and labor saving machine on the market. Twine, both Sisal and Stan dard. The two best grades of twine known to mankind. We carry a full line of JOHN DEERE and EHERSON enine disks. .... C.R.STONE bad that land should be treated thus.' The farmers themselves are in park to blame for such plowing. They should not tolerate it. If an agree ment has been properly made, both parties should live up to it. If » written agreement has not been made, such an omission is a mistake. When a man agrees to plow land five or six inches, he should either do it or go without a part of his pay. If such plowing were not tolerated it would not he done. But many farmers ar» too easily satisfied. They too readily listen to the delusion that three or four inches is deep enough to plow*. If tlie makers of power plows aro wise, they will look carefully into this question. They do not kuow probably that a prejudice is rising up iu the minds of many against such plowing and against implements that do it. Should they not be more care ful in making sales? They have an important mission if they will only rightly fulfill it. Tlie help they cun give in turning over the stiff sod lands of tlie prairie is of very great value, but it should be rightfully rendered. If it is not, tlie day will come when these power machines may be regiegated to tlie junk heap. Is it not a fact that farmers of the west are going a little too fast in tlie breaking up of their land? Would it not be better in every way to break less land aud to break it as it ought to be broken? Even in the present season which was very favorable to growth tlie crop on well prepared laud was vastly better than on that poorly prepared. In a poor produc ing year the difference would be vast ly greater in favor of the well prepar ed land. Is it not a good plan for the home steader to break up much of his land witli good brood mares? Is is not quite as good to break up much of it with mules? Would it not be a still better plan to break up much of it witli oxen? Oxen are good property to turn off for beef when we are done witli them. Would it do any harm to turn tlie wheels backward or at least to slow up a little? MARRIAGE ANNULLED The case of James W. Wing, Sr. against Alta Anna Wing, was hear« in the district court yesterday. Thi action was brought to secure the an uullment of the marriage of the plain tiff's son. James W. Wing, Jr., am tlie défendent, on the ground that tin plaintiff's son is a minor and tha the marriuge was entered intoagains the wishes of tlie youth's parents He is now under 18 years of age. Hi was on the stand yesterday and tin plaintiff's case was fully proved. Tin defendant did not appear and tlie tie cree asked for was granted. Attorn. « (>. O. Muller repr»«**nted Mr. Win# in this peciliar action.—'.ewisrowi Argus.