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THE JUDITH SAP JOURNAL
S. J. SMALL Published every Fridas lU the Journal bnildiuif. Judith Cap. bleacher c-euuty. Montana. Uabseriptioa rate. |2.00ay«nr iu «Stance. ather wise »2.50. Vear y advertising rate. 20 cents aa inch. Shart time rate. 35 cents an inch each insertion. Hptercd as second-class matter. December 11.1901. at the postoffice at Judith Cap. Montana. under the Act af March 3. 1*79. in the a ry that Jadith flap, Meagher coaaty, Meataaa, le «rated la the center ef the largest aad asst prolific winter wheat reglea la thé world, Is •a the Great Northern and Milwaukee rail roads, 1193 mllss west of St. Paul, 171 attics oast of Helena, the state capital, aad 248 aorthweat of Butte, the greatest mining camp «a earth; 120 ailles cast of Great Falle, the Pittsburg of the west; 114 miles west af Bll Hags,-the sugar hcct city; aad 1095 mllst east •f Seattle, the key tothe Orient. V ■ — ------- 1 ■ ......... . "■ ■■■■ — REPUBLICAN COUNTY TICKET. For District Judee K. K. ClIKAm.H Stntc Senator, A. C. G.RANHK Representative. I. . I». GI.KNN Treasurer, OSCAR SKKKN. Couufy Commissioner, FRANK P. TOWARDS. County Attorney. C. A. l.IN.V. Clerk awl Recorder. M. F. HI'NT. Clerk of District Court. F. It. MAYN. Assessor, A. D. NICHOI.S. Sheri flf, ROR1CRT MENZIKS. Supt. of Schools, miss Mary davis Public Administrator, Coroner, J. D. ShorEy. Surveyor. JOHN !.. CHURCH. thin and iiis' tics, gue that the day. and will fice, his at see fice and ; j ! ' and I THE LAST WORD. liefen 1 the next issue of the Jour iinI goes to press the most exciting campaign ever known in this country will have been held and the result should he detlnitely known. Everything indicates that it will he a landslide, l'osted people diff er in their opinions as to whether this landslide will he for Wilson or Roo sevelt. All experts agree that Taft is not in the running at all. so the light is really between Roosevelt and Wilson. Straw votes taken throughout the eastern states within the last lew days point to an overwhelming ma jority for Roosevelt, and it w ill not be unexpected if the votes next Tues day show a tremendous sweep for the progressive cause hotli iu the north and south. The temper of the people is at fever heat. They have endured boss rule in hotli parties about long enough, jiarty ties have been broken by the reckless management of political af fairs by these bosses, and the count ry is upon the point of a political nphevaal. Before you enter the booth next Tuesday you will he handed with the general ballot live slips which are the initiative and referendum measures which you should vote for or against. There will he nothing on the ballots to indicate wliai the measures are and the fact that there are two num bers in connection with each is con fusing. Take out your pencil now and make a note on something that you eau lind when you get into the booth next Tuesday ami mark a cross before tlie word "for" on those slips U um bered 304, 802, 3(HS and 80S. Mark a cross in the square before the word "against" on the slip numbered ! :oi. Iu following these instructions you will have voted for the limiting of candidate's campaign expenses, the making of all party nominations by a direct vote, for the direct selec tion of United States senators by a vote of the people, and the preferen tial primary tor the selection of dele gates to nominate a candidate for (•resident and vice president, and against the obnoxious militia hill. Jiy following these instructions you will have taken a step towards plac ing more power into your own hands, and curbing the supreme sway of the bosses. On the county ticket, the people hove met all the candidates, or near ly t all, and have made up their miuds how they are going to vote. It is not thfi desire of this paper to change in aip man's mind the stand he has al ready taken. The old fashioned par ty. paper was wont to proclaim in eaieh issue to vote the straight party lifket. Now it is to vote for the best mgn for countv officers. If you have alfàady made up your mind, dou't let anjrone swerve you. If you have not made up your mind and want I enlightenment, go to some one the w j ; ! I I j ; i j I I ; ] I j j I ! I j j I i j i i i ' it ' i whom you know to he » progressive in either party and in whom you have confidence, and get his advice. The fight nationally, state and county is the people against the bosses. It is a question which party can best car ry ont your ideas of reform. Only that and nothing more. Did yon ever notice what a differ ence politics make to men who have already been on a friendly footing with each other, home men are so thin skinned that while you agree with them on politics, they are very friendly, but the minute you differ with them they get cranky and grouchy and pass you by with a glassy stare. These fellows should take something for the liver. They need a little enlargement of the heart and a broader view of life. Every man should be conceded , a right to iiis' own opinion and choice in poli tics, and if the other fellow can't ar gue a point without getting mad, he should go away hack and sit down with liis grouch. Frank \V. Edwards, whose terms of office as mayor of Helena have proven that lie is eminently qualified to till the important office of governor, is going to run like wildtire next Tues day. He is against the Amalgamated controlling the politics of Montana, and is not hog-tied and copper-wired. Oscar Skeen has made a thorough canvass of the county and believes lie will receive a big majority for county treasurer next Tuesday. Oscar is competent to lilt this important of fice, and will give a good account of his Btewartsliip when his term ex pires two years lienee. Give him a boost. Sample ballots have beeu received at the Journal office. If you want to see how to mark one, dn p into the of fice and look it over. Everyboly can vote for two congressmen this year, and Charley I'ray should he one of them. ; C. A. Linn for county attorney is j sure of an election, lie is a young ! man of brilliant legal attainments ' and will lilt the office to the entire I satisfaction of ail taxpayers. ! pandemonium. a in al in let DISGRACEFUL SCENES IN MONTANA LEGISLATURE For complete understanding of the manner iu which the combine and its lobbyists pass laws in Montana, the following account of the last day of the last legislative session in that state, 11*11, is reproduced. It was w ritten by Mr. James \V. Scott, ex perienced and capable in legislative reporting, and as reliable and trust worthy a news-writer as was ever em ploy'll on any newspaper. "The closing scenes of the Montana legislative session this year were marked by even more flagrant disre gard of law, order, decency and com j mon sense than have characterized ; preceding sessions. Spectators In ! ! cither noose during the last day, eve- ! I ning and night of the session, who had | not had previous experience with Mon- | I tana legislatures, were astounded at j j rite spectacle presented. The feature I ; that made them gasp was the reckless j i and abandoned manner in which hills j were railroaded through the legisla I live process. I "This desperate and unseemly strug g'e to perfect, in twenty-four hours leg islation t hat. had been dallied with for ; two months is one of the most dis ] graceful delinquencies of the Montana I lawmakers. The present legislature j was one of the worst offenders in j years. This legislature passed 223 I hills, and 114 of these were rushed ! through on the last legislative day. I At least sixty or seventy of these hills j were not conveyed to the governor j till after midnight of the last day when tile power of the legislature legally to I enact laws had expired by the opera i tion of the organic law. j "When a legislature comes to its i last day with two or three hundred i hills undisposed of, and undertakes to pound half of them through both i Houses betöre the session concludes, ' it simply deliveis itseit to chaos. The ' work ot the house and senate on the i last nights included both chaos and All day bills were rushed thiotigh committee of the whole aud third reading in both hous s, without knowledge or under standing on the part ot anybody as to the met its of any of them. AH rules were disregarded. To make mat ters worse thai^ usual this session, the joint assembly absorbed the time from noon till evening, and an eve ning recess took the rest of the time till ten o'clock. "From ten o'clock till one the next morning, an hour after the legislative session had legally ended, the same feverish, roaring mill of reckless legis lation was kept going at top speed. The committees of the whole and ou third reading Were alternated with committee reports, which were adopt ed without consideration, hills being advanced lor consideration, considered in the committee of the whole and passed on third reading in a perfert stream, while perhaps not five per cent of the members in either house even caught the numbers of the meas ures, much less the titles. "This part of the work was con cluded some time after one o'clock, and the sixty or seventy bills that had piled up on the army of enrolling clerks by that time was so great that those workers were unable to finish enrolling them till 8 o'clock the next morning. More clerks than ever be fore employed struggled with this overwhelming mass of work, and al though they tolled at top speed, they were given hills and more bills beyond I ; ! ! j j THAT TAX STEAL For two months tVé Progressives have pub licly charged the • Amalgamated and rail roads with having dodged the payment of taxes justly due in Montana TO THE AHOUNT OF $3,000,000 EACH YEAH. The Democratic candidates. Walsh for United States Senator; Stout ant Evans for Congress; Stew art for Governor; and others have made scores of speeches over the State, but have refused to say a word about this gigantic fraud upon the taxpayers. The Republican candidates, Smith for United States Senator, and others, have likewise spoken at scores of places in the state. NOT ONE OF THESE MEN HAS HAD THE COURAGE TO SAY A WORD DENOUNCING the STEAL Now For The Contrast Two months ago, in a speech at Missoula, Senator Joseph 1*1. Dixon. Progressive candidate for re-elec tion, publicly denounced the TAX DODtiERS; just as publicly Geo. Horkan and Thos. M. Everett, Pro gressive Nominees for Congress, and Frank J. Ed wards, Progressive Candidate for Governor, HAVE CONTINUED TO DENOUNCE THE FRAUD. Stewart and Wilson, respectively democratic and republican candidates for Governor, have kept closed mouths. Frank Edwards, Progressive nominee for Governor, has openly denounced the steal, and has pledged himself, if elected, to put a stop to it—THIS WOULD REDUCE TAXES ONE-HALF in Montana. For Which Candidates Should Tax Paying Citizens Vote Next Tuesday? —Progressive State Central Committee. ! ! | | j I j to handle the night their power passed. "There was no attempt to engross I the measures. The rule to engross bills was suspended, and hills recom mended by committee of the whole were considered engrossed and placed on third reading without, comment. Committee meetings on bills, too, were early abolished on the last. day. The way the measures were acted upon In committee rivalled the performance in ihe houses; the chairman of the coin ports and present them to the house or senate. In the senate some senator weakly protested that a committee had not acted upon a bill that had beeu favorably reported. Immediately a. motion to dispense with such meet ings was made and carried, and then committee action became an endorsed formality. "The steering committee resolved it self into the chairman of the two sections. They gave up the entirely superfluous work of making reports, and merely wrote the number of the bills that they desired acted upon on the blackboards of the house, tossing I he hills up to the clerk, who read them in committee oi the whole at the order of the chairman as they were reached. It was as good as a show to watch Senators Gallway (presiding officer) and Edwards (joint commit tee chairman) work together in this fashion on Thursday night. Edwards would drop a bunch of bills on the clerk's desk, and walk over to the blackboard and write the numbers; Gallwey would glance at the black board, picking up the numbers with his eagle eye, and eall them off one after another with lightning speed; the clerk would mumble through the title at a ripping rate, and the bill would he before the senate. Some senator who had caught the number would move that the bill he recom mended. Gallwey would put the mo tion, there would be a grunt, and that bill would be up to third reading. "That any of the senators knew what measures were washing through on this stormy tide of meaningless words and numbers, save hills they had been pursuing for personal rea sons, and which exclusively occupied them and the perfect horde of lobby ists who tilled tile aisles, lined the walls, and occupied the seats of mem bers and guests, is quite impossible. ; Resides, the senate was helpless to ! change itie proceeding and block the ! work of the bosses. There was an j ocean of hills that all knew must be j got. through to keep the obligations with members and lobbyists, and any effort to consider these measures so berly would simply leave ninety per cent unacted upon. "In the house in the morning, the situation was perhaps as bad or worse than in the evening, for the chamber was more than half deserted; the members had so many personal irons in the tire which h:ul to he at tended to that they could not remain in their seats to consider hills of in terest merely to the people of Mon tana. The result was, that, in com mittee of. the whole, the title of a hill would he read, and somebody would move Its recommendation; the motion would carry, and that would lie all. A dozen times members, suspecting that the bill before the house might be of Interest to them in some personal way, would arise and ask for the num ber or the title again. The motions were carried with half a dozen aves, and on third reading the absentees would number almost as many as those voting. All around the cham ber and gallery comments on the pro cedure. grins .indignant criticisms, and cynical remarks were uttered by as tounded and shocked spectators. "Resides the utter lack of sane or decent consideration of the final hun dred or more bills passed on the final day and night, the system and process described were also attended by fea tures of another character even more harmful to public Interest. All the objectionable bills, all measures that the Amalgamated-Anaconda Copper company and Ryan and Moroney didn't want, died in committees. The steer ing committee was a tremendous bury ing giound. In the best of times It is mighty hard work to force a measure of any kind through the Montana leg islature against the opposition of the interests; this is so well understood that all attempts to advance measures of this kind were given up on the last day by their friends, and these were allowed to perish without, a protest. "The moral of the case is to be föubd in the fact that in the process described the legislature of Montana does not enact legislation because it is valuable to the people nor kill hills that are harmful, but makes laws and prevents laws to suit, the interests. ROOSEVELT'S LAST APPEAL WEDNESDAY Madison Square Garden, New York, Oct. 3».— A crowd that jammed Madi son Square Garden from floor to roof, and overflowed through three block of surrounding streets, greeted the leaders of tne progressive part}- to night at Hie inass meeting marking Hie first public appearance of Theo dore Roosevelt since the attack on him in Milwaukee, Oct. 15. "We care for facts, not for formu las." Theodore Roosevelt told to his audience. "We care for deeds and not for words. We recognize no se ; cret right of oppression. We recog j nize no divine right to work injustice. "We stand for the constitution. We ' recognize that one of its most useful i functions is the protection of proper j ty, but we will not consent to make ' of the constitution a fetish for the i protection of fossilized wrong. "We stand for an upright judici [ ary. Rut where Hie judges claim the I right to make our laws hv finally in terpreting them; by finally deciding whether or not we have the power to make them; then we claim ourselves the right to exercise that power. "We believe that iu very truth this is a government hv the people themselves; that the constitution is ,theirs; that the courts ire theirs; that all the governmental agents and ageucies are theirs." "We recognize," continued the speaker even more broadly, "in nei ther court nor congress nor president any right to over-ride the will of the people expressed with due delibera tion in orderly fashion and through forms of laiv. "We kuow that there are in life in justices which w« are powerless to remedy, hut we know there is much injustice which can he r-emedied and this injustice we intend to remedy. "We know that the long path lead ing upward toward the tight cannot he traversed at once or in a day or in a year, hut there are certain steps that can he taken at once. There is not a promise we tiare made that can i ot bejkept. There is not a promise we havelniade that will not lie kept. Our platform, is a covenant with the people of the United States, and if we are given Hie power we will live up to that covenant iu letter and iu spirit. These crisp paragraphs set forth in his own words, the heart of the doc trine preached tonight by the candi . date Qf the progressive party. The £ were no personalities or polemics, •and very little politics in the speech. TÉ V0TÉÉS OF FERGUS AND MEAGHER COUNTIES (Comprising the Tenth Judicial District, State of Montana) Lcwlstowa, Meataaa. October 5th, 1912. The most Importas! local silice to hie filial by your voice at the comlsg election It that of district judge. Under the Americas system of goveramcot, the courte aad the ludiclary are, or shoald be, the gaaraatee af all oar righto' both penoaal ood property, aad where ja'dgee are wisely choses, each la, la fact, the case. At preseat much criticism Is directed at the courte aad the judiciary, ood some of it Is audoahtedly well fouaded, hat it is largely. If aot wholly, due to failure oa the part ot the voters to choose wisely at the Rolls. There would sever he au> demand for the recall af judged. If the voters, la the selection of men to fill thé jadldal offices of the otato, weald aae ouch discrim inate judgment as they da la their every day business affairs. To fill toe office of district judge requires something mere than a papular lawyer with a goad practice. It requires, la addition, a man of learning ood wide experience In the common affairs of life, a mas of judicial tempe'ramdot, • mas of firm conviction, aad at the same time one without a strong preju dice, one who, with aahlaoéd mind, can see both sldm of every case comlsg before him, sad css mete Oat jastlce la the light of the law ood of oil the facto presented. The judgeship la this district le see ef the meet Important la the State. It Is aot too mach to say that aa district judge la the State hie a greater variety of Importait litigation camlag before him, or tries more Important cases during the year, than (lees the juilge of the tenth district. Furthermore, the cases coming before the court la this district are constantly lacreaslbg la number aad grew tag la Importance; aad la the next fear years litigation la this court is likely to deehle er treble la volume aad la Importance. In view of what has hoes said. It Is highly haportsst tor the voters end taxpayers to see to It that the beet man available is selected judge ef the dis trict court at the coming election oa the 5th of November. Of course, every good citlxea feels that this la so, ood means to cast his vale tor that candidate who he feels is the better qualified. The question then la to determine which of the two candidates now before the votera et the district Is the better qnall tied to fill this Important position. The two candidates are the present lacumheat, Judge Edwin L Cheadle, and Roy E. Ayers, a practitioner at the Lewlsfowa bar. If we have correctly eet forth the eoecatlal requisites of a good judge. Judge Cheadle possesses every oae ef them la a marked degree, add Is besides, a man of wide leaning and general culture, la addition to hie legal learning and training; a man ef mature years aad wide experience la the affaire ef life sad business, with the additional advantage which experience la the office gives to any man. It is Insvltable that a man who has occupied a judicial position for any considerable number of yean, trying all sorts ef cisco for oil sorte and con ditions of men, shoald make Mine enemies; that there shoald be some litigants who were dissatisfied with the decisions Is their particular cases, and blamed the judge for them; but we vesture the assertion that ao man ever occupied the position of district judge for a similar length of time who gave more gen eral satisfaction to the public and to the litigants coming before him, whoM decisions sre more strongly flavored with wisdom and jastlce, end who has had fewer reversals la the supreme court, thou has Judge Cheadle during hie twelve years' experience on the beach of this district. Sometimes a judge la honored for the enemies he has made upon the bench; and we hove yet to beer of aoy just criticism that has bees made ot any one of Jndge Cheodlc's decis ions on the ground of Injustice, prejudice, or partiality, lie may have made Mme mistakes ot law, bat such mistakes hsve never been made la the interest of Injustice, or through partiality or prejudice. His dsdstoas have always been fearless, and based upon honest convictions of what Is right; sod he hM never been accused ef beiag under the influence of nay individual or corpora tion. Judge Cbesdle Is now, In point of service on the beach, the Mcond oldest trial judge In the State of Mentnoa. During the past few years, particularly, la addition to the work of bis owo district, he has frequently been called to preside over cases of Importance in other districts of this State. Many of •these esses have been of great importance, end the tact that Judge Cheadle has so frequently been called to try cases of this nature, shows the estimation in which he Is held by the beach end bar of other districts Is this State. And yet, notwithstanding the large amount of ext#a work that Judge Cheadle hu thus done outside of his own district, the work of his own district has never been neglected. There is at the present time practically no arrears of work either la Meagher or Fergus county, excepting a tew caseo that have come to issue during the past three or four months and the work of the district has oil been done by Judge Cheadle except a few cases In which he has been disqualified. For Mr. Ayers, the other aspirant for the positioo, we hove only words of praise. Helios made much of the opportunities he has had. As a candidate he has such advantage as there is in being a young man. He was reared and educated in Fergus county, except for his law count. As a lawyer, he has built up an enviable practice, and has twice filled the office of county attorney of Fergus county. He has the respect of his fellow citizens tnd the confidence of his clientage. Admitting all this, however, even hie most ardent admirers would not claim that he is superior to Judge Cheadle In the matter of general learning and culture, in the way of general experience In the affairs of life and business and particularly in that experience which fits t man for taking up the busineM of the office of district jndge and carrying It on succcMfully. It remains with the voters ot this district by their votes, and with the non-voting taxpayers by their Influence, to say which of these two men they consider best qualified for the office. These votes should be cast and that influence exer cised Mlely with regard to fitness, ability and experience. The friends of Judge Cheadle do not ask for his election on any other grounds. They believe that, If the interested public will consider the question with care. Judge Chendle will receive a large majority of the votes of the district, as be deserves, and aa the interests of the district require. The foregoing is submitted to the voters of the tenth district by friends of Jndge 'CfcéÜdle, who believe that his re-election will be In the best Interests of the affairs of the district. Ü REPUBLICAN STATE TICKET. Presidential Electors— T. A. CUMMIMtiS, Fart Realaa. C. E. TRESCOTT, Boalfer. A. W. MILES. LUrlaittaa. T. C. DAVIDSON, Anaconda. United Staten Senator— JUSTICE HENRY C- SMITH, at Ike Sayrtae Caart. Representatives in Cougress— CHARLES N. PRAY, Fart Rcataa. W. F. MEVER, Rrd LaSz*. Associate Justice of Supreme Court— JUDliE LEW L. CALLAWAY, Vlrglala City. State Treasurer— WILLIAM ENRIliDT, Ullllai«. Goveruor HARRY L. WILSON, Rllliaf«. l.ieuteuaut C.overtiot— J. C. KINNEY, Wlkaai. Railroad Commissioner— LEO H. FAUST. Lltey. Auditor— CHARLES McCOV. Dalle. Attorney General— W. J. FAUL. Deer Ladt«. Secretary of State— FRANK HAZELRAKER. Rillaa. Superintendent of Public Instruction — LEWIS TEDW1LLMER. LHtaptaa. PROGRESSIVE STATE TICKET. Presidential Klectors— CONRAD LOURS, Peer Ladfe. JAMES T. STANFORD, Orttt Falla. COL. SAM OORDON, Mile« City. A. W MERRIFIELD, Swatra. United States Senator— JOSEPH M. RIX0N, Mliaaala. Representatives in Congress— THOMAS M. EVERETT. HarlM. 0E0RQE A. HORKAN. Forsyte. Governor— FRANK J. EDWARDS. Helena. Lieutenant Governor— W. R. SYMRES, Levitt«» «. Associate Justice of Supreme Court— OEOROE W. FARR. Miles City. Secretary of State— OEOROE METCALF, Fhllllyatarf. Treasurer— R. J. THOMPSON, Rllllaia. Attorney General— C. M. SAWYER. Aaacaada. Auditor— E. M. CRUMRINE. Ratte, p eriuteudeut of Public instruction— RURT ADAMS TOWER. Mllaa. . i le j 1 1 .'on missioaer— • R. J.