Newspaper Page Text
Judith Gap Journal
VOL. 5. NO. 28. JUDITH GAP. MONTANA. FRIDAY. MAY 23, 1913. PRICE. FIVE CENTS Establish Minimum Wage For the Working Women of the Country By JANE ADDAMS of Hull House, Chicago • WT BELIEVE IN A MINI 1 MUM WAGE BELOW WHICH WORKING WO MEN SHALL NOT BE ALLOWED TO WORK. I do not believe in naming a flat rate as a minimum wage. The WAGES MUST VARY WITH THE INDUSTRY. That is the purpose of a mini mum wage board—to fix the rate in the various industries. We have the example of Eng lain!, which began with the chain and nail making, window curtains and lace industries. In the United States [ believe we should begin with boxmak ing and the clothing trades. Then we ran gradually work into the other industries. We can't break into them all at can't break into them all at mum below which a girl cannot live decently if she is entirely self sup porting, In Chicago I believe that minimum lies between eight and ten dollars. But we can't check up industry rapidly, so we must go at it in a SYSTEMATIC AND ORDERLY FASHION. Of course conditions vary widely in every city, and the individual boards must fix conditions for each place. But there are certain gen eral truths, and one is that girls cannot live decently under a certain minimum wage. That wage should be GUARANTEED TO THEM FOR THE SAKE OF SOCIETY as well as for their own sakes. After that the increases must come according to the individual ability. A minimum wage does not at all lessen or affect the individual's chance to do good work and to gain recognitions for individual excellence. SUMMER SCHOOL The summer session of the Mon tana State Normal college will open Tuesday. June 10, and last for 12 weeks. This will give all candidates preparing for teachers* examination an excellent opportunity to obtain thorough courses in all required sub jects and at the same time to pass their examination, for by enactment of the last legislature credits earned in subjects studied at the Normal college will be accepted throughout the state in lieu of examination in those subjects by county examining H ave you a chance on the thirty-two piece 1847 Rogers silverware at the Cottage Bar? 0. F. DEYARMON. The Quality A Few of the Local Users of the De Lav al Separator. Dave Francisco Joe JTcDonald P. J. riurphy ■=» ' Improved No. 15 . Act- f(|f| j,£pp? ual capacity «75 lbs v™ Improved No. 12 . Act- (7^ ual capacity 45 » lbs. wlv Improved No. 1 «. Act- d|AC ual capacity 835 lbs. v®" Beers & Haynes PIONEER MERCHANTS .JjfljjL. , / 1 . \ \. V, vy|/ . Photo by American Press Association. boards. The Normal college is the only school in the state to which this euactment applies. All progressive teachers desiring to advance along professional will timl courses adapted to their needs, wheth er in psycology met hoes, music, draw ing, playground work, domestic science, manual traiuing or physical culture. Lectures by persons of note in the educational world will be also provided during the session. Those who contemplate securing the Normal diploma can enroll in regular college courses and accumu late credits to this end in both the COUNTY COMMISSIONERS CANVAS DIVISION VOTE At a special meeting of tlie county commissioners of Meagher county, held in the court house at White Sul phur Springs on Tuesday, the follow ing are ttie returns as they otlicially found them: Counties For division sup and go gen sakes. the this to timl wheth draw domestic physical note also securing in accumu the Meagher Fergus Sweet (iriiss Total For county seat llarlowton Judith (lap Iledgesville Jlercail t'ommissioners 4 year term Tierney Finch 2 year term Uinehey Irish a year terms Bouchard l'ayne Sheriff Bay N ill Treasurer I .an i us Dolt Clerk Shook Superintendent Whiting Huiler 44 « II Against 105 27 5 187 40 » 17 « s I 224 27» 1»7 248 jf»0 200 »»4 285 804 2J0 20 » 250 205 Surveyors Working on Helena Glendive Cutoff. Information to the effect that a crew of Northern Pacilic surveyors, numbering about 20, is eugaged about 12 miles north of llotindup in making a survey of the proposed Ulendive Ilelena cutoff of the Northern Pacilic main line has been received in Helena. According to the report, the survey Is almost complete and it is confidently believed that actual construction work will be started within a few months, llie survey it is said, runs due east of Helena through White Sulphur Springs, continuing eastward to Willow creek in the eastern partof Musselshell county. It then takes 11 northerly course toward (Hendive. It is said that the proposed new line reduces the distance between the capital city and Glendive by about too miles, aud taps the richest agri cultural sections iu Musselshell coun ties along the route.—Helena ltecord. three aud four year courses, daises will be conducted almost exclusively by members of the regular college faculty. This is a feature that should commend itself to all, and especially to tliose wishing a review of such brauches as they are required to tench, for the advantage of enrolling iu review courses offered by experts instead of amateurs, as is frequently (('ontiuued on page 2) GETTING UP STEAM iÉi Säte SEiritti Do you know wbat wo need in booming this town? WE NEED STEAM. We should organize nil the nieu into 11 GREAT EXGIXE OF PROGRESS and then get enough steam in our boilers to make the thing go. The locomotive bas transformed the world, has iieopled the wilderness, built great cities, carried civilization to the euds of the earth, made trade boom ail around the planet. It baa done these things because it bos POWER. I »ecu use It MOVES. It la an Iron and steel harness placed on the force of steam. It Is organized to go In definite directions and perforin definite tasks. We need to HARNESS HUMAN STEAM, to give It the same definite di rections and tasks to perform. To build a human engine that will pull this town np the road of progress we must all work together. We must organize so thnt each man will have hia allotted part of the load: then we must get up the steam of euergy. pull open the throttle and move things. Toot-toot! All aboard the boosting train! Now. all together! Pull for new people, new business: IpulIForaBigJer^and^BetterTowiQ The following resolution was pass- ; ed by the hoard: It appearing to tin* hoard of conn- | ty commissioners of Meagher county ! sitting as a hoard of canvasers, to ] canvas tlie returns of the "special el- j eetion for the creation of Wheatland county," held on May », 1 »I 3 , that the vote in the territory, taken from i Fergus county, is as follows: For ! the new county of Wheatland, yes, II. j For tin* new county of Wheatland, 1 1,0 > X ow. therefore, he it further resolv .eilhytlie hoard of county commis- ; sinners of Meagher county. Montana: j That more than 4 » per cent of the votes cast at said election in the ter ritory taken from Fergus county to form said Wheatland county, are for the new county of Wheatland, no: »«»I, Be >* further resolved, that the creation of Wheatland county is thereby defeated, and that all pro ceedings heretofore instituted, in re lation thereto shall cease and ter minute from and after the daté of this resolution. Dated at White Sulphur Springs. j Montana, this 2nt.l1 day of May, MM 3 . I Signed by the Bottl'd. Attested by the Clerk. " If you can't pay as you go. stay. Many a woman talks like sixty who isn't. a 11 to Almost An Unfair Question. How many counties are there in j the state? Bight off' the reel now, ! how many? We have not found a 1 man in town yet who could answer j the question correctly nor could we | give the answer ourselves but for the assistance of the Helena Independent. Even that compendium of accurate information appears to be consider ably snarled up, inasmuch as it states that there are now 8» counties aud then gives a list of them, which list only counts up 84 . Probably the ra pid changes in tlie map have çoufus ed even the Independent. The list of counties in existence today—with sev eral others insight, however—togeth er with tlie county seats, is ap fol lows: Beaverhead, Dillon; Bighorn, Har din; Blaine. Cliinook; Broadwater, Townsend; Carbon, Bed Lodge; Cas cade, Great Falls: Custer, Miles City; Dawson, Glendive; Deer Lodge, Ana conda; Fergus, Lewistown; Flathead Kalispell; Gallatin, Bo/.eniau; Gran ite, Philipsburg; Hill, Havre; Jeffer son, Boulder; Lewis aud Clark, Hel ena; Lincoln, Libby; Madison, Vir ginia City; Meagher, White Sulphur Spriugs: Missoula, Missoula: Mussel shell, Houndtip; Park, Livingston; Powell, Deer Lodge; Ravalli, Hamil ton; Kosebiid, Forsyth; Sanders, Thompson; Sheridan, Plenty wood; Nilverbow, Butte: Stillwater, Colimi ; | ! Out of Our Wealth and Power Has Grown a Grave Danger GREATEST DANGERS TO WELPARE AS A PEOPLE. AS IS THE HISTORY OF ALL REPUBLICS. Well may we prav as in tin* old liturgy. "'In all times of our tribu lation and in all times <>t our wealth, good Lord, deliver us, tor we see NEW PERILS CONFRONTING US, which, if our forefathers saw at all, they saw but distantly, but the greatest peril is one which they foresaw, and that is the CHANGE IN HIE CHARACTER OE OUR PEOPLE. The road hv Which republics rise is the road of seit denial and un selfishness. The road by which republics fall is the road of EASE and PERSONAL INDULGENCE. These are the perils which sap the forces of freemen. The former are hut another term for charac ter, which includes them all. The latter are but an equivalent ex pression for loss of character. I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT WE A9 A PEOPLE OR A NATION ARE GOING TO RUIN, BUT THERE 18 EVEN NOW ENOUGH PERIL TO CAUSE A GRAVE DISQUIETUDE AMONG THOUGHTFUL MEN. WE HAVE REACHED A POINT FROM WHICH MANY REPUBLICS HAVE HASTENED TO DECAY. WE HAVE ATTAINED TO CONDI TIONS WHICH SAP CHARACTER AND WEAKEN THE FORCES OP A PEOPLE. bus; Sweet Grass, Big Timber; Teton. Chouteau; Valley, Glasgow; Yellow stone, Billings. This ought to serve as a correct list for another month at least and is worth preserving by those who want to keep posted on tlie new Montana. —Fergus County Democrat. Gap Grill Open Day and Night BEST FOODS BEST SERVICE H. M. HANSON, PROPRIETOR P & 0 "CANTON" PLOWS 70 years of "knowing how" hammered in* to every one of them The plow that will scour. Agent for the Mogul and Avery Tractors C.R.STONE Hardware and Implement Co. Judith Gap, - - - Montana By THOMAS NELSON PAGE. Author 'V Æ ^ E see new conditions Il I springing up about us ou all sides, and the question is, "How shall we adapt ourselves to them?" It appears almost, certain that" some changes will come, and, indeed, must come, which mav be VITAL TO OUR FUTURE WELFARE. It behooves all thoughtful men to consider, with all their pow er, the steps which we shall take in the solution of these vi tal problems which confront us. OUT OF OUR WEALTH AND POWER HAVE GROWN THE DANGERS TO OUR is Distinctions. "Did you say that actress bas a bad temper?" "No," replied the manager. "We used to call It a bad temper, but now bsr ualnry baa become so largo that we have to refer to It as temperament."— Washington Star.