Judith Gap Journal
VOL. 5. NO. 28.
JUDITH GAP. MONTANA. FRIDAY. MAY 23, 1913.
PRICE. FIVE CENTS
Establish Minimum Wage
For the Working Women
of the Country
By JANE ADDAMS of Hull
• WT BELIEVE IN A MINI
1 MUM WAGE BELOW
WHICH WORKING WO
MEN SHALL NOT BE
ALLOWED TO WORK.
I do not believe in naming a
flat rate as a minimum wage.
The WAGES MUST VARY
WITH THE INDUSTRY.
That is the purpose of a mini
mum wage board—to fix the
rate in the various industries.
We have the example of Eng
lain!, which began with the
chain and nail making, window
curtains and lace industries.
In the United States [ believe
we should begin with boxmak
ing and the clothing trades.
Then we ran gradually work
into the other industries. We
can't break into them all at
can't break into them all at
mum below which a girl cannot live decently if she is entirely self sup
porting, In Chicago I believe that minimum lies between eight and
ten dollars. But we can't check up industry rapidly, so we must go
at it in a SYSTEMATIC AND ORDERLY FASHION.
Of course conditions vary widely in every city, and the individual
boards must fix conditions for each place. But there are certain gen
eral truths, and one is that girls cannot live decently under a certain
minimum wage. That wage should be GUARANTEED TO THEM
FOR THE SAKE OF SOCIETY as well as for their own sakes.
After that the increases must come according to the individual ability.
A minimum wage does not at all lessen or affect the individual's chance
to do good work and to gain recognitions for individual excellence.
The summer session of the Mon
tana State Normal college will open
Tuesday. June 10, and last for 12
weeks. This will give all candidates
preparing for teachers* examination
an excellent opportunity to obtain
thorough courses in all required sub
jects and at the same time to pass
their examination, for by enactment
of the last legislature credits earned
in subjects studied at the Normal
college will be accepted throughout
the state in lieu of examination in
those subjects by county examining
H ave you a chance on the
thirty-two piece 1847 Rogers
silverware at the Cottage Bar?
0. F. DEYARMON.
A Few of the Local
Users of the De Lav
P. J. riurphy
Improved No. 15 . Act- f(|f|
ual capacity «75 lbs v™
Improved No. 12 . Act- (7^
ual capacity 45 » lbs. wlv
Improved No. 1 «. Act- d|AC
ual capacity 835 lbs. v®"
Beers & Haynes
/ 1 .
\ \. V,
Photo by American Press Association.
boards. The Normal college is the
only school in the state to which this
All progressive teachers desiring to
advance along professional will timl
courses adapted to their needs, wheth
er in psycology met hoes, music, draw
ing, playground work, domestic
science, manual traiuing or physical
culture. Lectures by persons of note
in the educational world will be also
provided during the session.
Those who contemplate securing
the Normal diploma can enroll in
regular college courses and accumu
late credits to this end in both the
CANVAS DIVISION VOTE
At a special meeting of tlie county
commissioners of Meagher county,
held in the court house at White Sul
phur Springs on Tuesday, the follow
ing are ttie returns as they otlicially
Counties For division
For county seat
4 year term
2 year term
a year terms
I .an i us
Surveyors Working on Helena Glendive
Information to the effect that a
crew of Northern Pacilic surveyors,
numbering about 20, is eugaged about
12 miles north of llotindup in making
a survey of the proposed Ulendive
Ilelena cutoff of the Northern Pacilic
main line has been received in Helena.
According to the report, the survey Is
almost complete and it is confidently
believed that actual construction
work will be started within a few
months, llie survey it is said, runs
due east of Helena through White
Sulphur Springs, continuing eastward
to Willow creek in the eastern partof
Musselshell county. It then takes 11
northerly course toward (Hendive.
It is said that the proposed new line
reduces the distance between the
capital city and Glendive by about
too miles, aud taps the richest agri
cultural sections iu Musselshell coun
ties along the route.—Helena ltecord.
three aud four year courses, daises
will be conducted almost exclusively
by members of the regular college
faculty. This is a feature that should
commend itself to all, and especially
to tliose wishing a review of such
brauches as they are required to
tench, for the advantage of enrolling
iu review courses offered by experts
instead of amateurs, as is frequently
(('ontiuued on page 2)
GETTING UP STEAM
Do you know wbat wo need in booming this town?
WE NEED STEAM.
We should organize nil the nieu into 11 GREAT EXGIXE OF PROGRESS
and then get enough steam in our boilers to make the thing go.
The locomotive bas transformed the world, has iieopled the wilderness,
built great cities, carried civilization to the euds of the earth, made trade
boom ail around the planet.
It baa done these things because it bos POWER. I »ecu use It MOVES. It
la an Iron and steel harness placed on the force of steam. It Is organized to
go In definite directions and perforin definite tasks.
We need to HARNESS HUMAN STEAM, to give It the same definite di
rections and tasks to perform.
To build a human engine that will pull this town np the road of progress
we must all work together. We must organize so thnt each man will have
hia allotted part of the load: then we must get up the steam of euergy. pull
open the throttle and move things.
Toot-toot! All aboard the boosting train!
Now. all together! Pull for new people, new business:
The following resolution was pass- ;
ed by the hoard:
It appearing to tin* hoard of conn- |
ty commissioners of Meagher county !
sitting as a hoard of canvasers, to ]
canvas tlie returns of the "special el- j
eetion for the creation of Wheatland
county," held on May », 1 »I 3 , that
the vote in the territory, taken from i
Fergus county, is as follows: For !
the new county of Wheatland, yes, II. j
For tin* new county of Wheatland, 1
X ow. therefore, he it further resolv
.eilhytlie hoard of county commis- ;
sinners of Meagher county. Montana: j
That more than 4 » per cent of the
votes cast at said election in the ter
ritory taken from Fergus county to
form said Wheatland county, are for
the new county of Wheatland, no:
Be >* further resolved, that the
creation of Wheatland county is
thereby defeated, and that all pro
ceedings heretofore instituted, in re
lation thereto shall cease and ter
minute from and after the daté of this
Dated at White Sulphur Springs.
j Montana, this 2nt.l1 day of May, MM 3 .
I Signed by the Bottl'd.
Attested by the Clerk.
If you can't pay as you go. stay.
Many a woman talks like sixty who
Almost An Unfair Question.
How many counties are there in j
the state? Bight off' the reel now, !
how many? We have not found a 1
man in town yet who could answer j
the question correctly nor could we |
give the answer ourselves but for the
assistance of the Helena Independent.
Even that compendium of accurate
information appears to be consider
ably snarled up, inasmuch as it states
that there are now 8» counties aud
then gives a list of them, which list
only counts up 84 . Probably the ra
pid changes in tlie map have çoufus
ed even the Independent. The list of
counties in existence today—with sev
eral others insight, however—togeth
er with tlie county seats, is ap fol
Beaverhead, Dillon; Bighorn, Har
din; Blaine. Cliinook; Broadwater,
Townsend; Carbon, Bed Lodge; Cas
cade, Great Falls: Custer, Miles City;
Dawson, Glendive; Deer Lodge, Ana
conda; Fergus, Lewistown; Flathead
Kalispell; Gallatin, Bo/.eniau; Gran
ite, Philipsburg; Hill, Havre; Jeffer
son, Boulder; Lewis aud Clark, Hel
ena; Lincoln, Libby; Madison, Vir
ginia City; Meagher, White Sulphur
Spriugs: Missoula, Missoula: Mussel
shell, Houndtip; Park, Livingston;
Powell, Deer Lodge; Ravalli, Hamil
ton; Kosebiid, Forsyth; Sanders,
Thompson; Sheridan, Plenty wood;
Nilverbow, Butte: Stillwater, Colimi
Out of Our Wealth and
Power Has Grown
a Grave Danger
GREATEST DANGERS TO
WELPARE AS A PEOPLE. AS IS THE HISTORY OF ALL REPUBLICS.
Well may we prav as in tin* old liturgy. "'In all times of our tribu
lation and in all times <>t our wealth, good Lord, deliver us, tor we see
NEW PERILS CONFRONTING US, which, if our forefathers
saw at all, they saw but distantly, but the greatest peril is one which
they foresaw, and that is the CHANGE IN HIE CHARACTER
OE OUR PEOPLE.
The road hv Which republics rise is the road of seit denial and un
selfishness. The road by which republics fall is the road of EASE
and PERSONAL INDULGENCE. These are the perils which sap
the forces of freemen. The former are hut another term for charac
ter, which includes them all. The latter are but an equivalent ex
pression for loss of character.
I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT WE A9 A PEOPLE OR A NATION
ARE GOING TO RUIN, BUT THERE 18 EVEN NOW ENOUGH PERIL
TO CAUSE A GRAVE DISQUIETUDE AMONG THOUGHTFUL MEN.
WE HAVE REACHED A POINT FROM WHICH MANY REPUBLICS
HAVE HASTENED TO DECAY. WE HAVE ATTAINED TO CONDI
TIONS WHICH SAP CHARACTER AND WEAKEN THE FORCES OP A
bus; Sweet Grass, Big Timber; Teton.
Chouteau; Valley, Glasgow; Yellow
This ought to serve as a correct list
for another month at least and is
worth preserving by those who want
to keep posted on tlie new Montana.
—Fergus County Democrat.
Open Day and Night
H. M. HANSON, PROPRIETOR
P & 0 "CANTON"
70 years of "knowing
how" hammered in*
to every one of them
The plow that will
Agent for the Mogul and Avery Tractors
Hardware and Implement Co.
Judith Gap, - - - Montana
By THOMAS NELSON PAGE.
'V Æ ^ E see new conditions
Il I springing up about
us ou all sides, and
the question is,
"How shall we adapt ourselves
to them?" It appears almost,
certain that" some changes will
come, and, indeed, must come,
which mav be VITAL TO
OUR FUTURE WELFARE.
It behooves all thoughtful men
to consider, with all their pow
er, the steps which we shall
take in the solution of these vi
tal problems which confront us.
OUT OF OUR WEALTH AND
POWER HAVE GROWN THE
DANGERS TO OUR
"Did you say that actress bas a bad
"No," replied the manager. "We used
to call It a bad temper, but now bsr
ualnry baa become so largo that we
have to refer to It as temperament."—
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