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Judith Qap Journal
VOL. 5. NO. 29. JUDITH GAP. MONTANA. FRIDAY. MAY 30, 1913. PRICE. FIVE CENTS TO ADVERTISE OUR RESOURCES Congressman Tom Stout lias in troduced a bill in the house of rep resentatives which provides for an appropriation for the purpose of gathering information and data re garding the resources of states. The bill in full is as follows: A bill appropriating money to enable the commissioner general of Immigration to gather informafiou regarding the resources, products and so forth of the states and terri tories and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the senate and house o f representatives o f the United States of America in congress assembled. That there is hereby ap propriated the sum of $100,000 out of the money in the treasury not other wise appropriated, or so much there of as may be necessary, to enable the commissioner general of immigra tion, under the direction and control of the secretary of labor, to corres pond with the proper officiate of the states and territories, and to gather from all available sources useful in formation regarding the resources, products and physical characteristics of each state and territory, and to publish such information in different languages and to distribute tlie pub lications among admitted aliens and to such other persons as may desire the same. + Î += PREPARE FOR FIGHTERS TRIAL Calgary, May 28.—Representatives of the crown, who have been con ducting the investigation into the death of Luther McCarthy, claimant to the white heavyweight champion ship who died while in the prize ring at the Burns arena Saturday, are gathering a mass of evidence which will be presented when the case of Arthur Pelkey and Tommy Burns comes up for trial. Burns promoted the tight in which McCarty met his death and Pelkey dealt the blow that physicians de clare was the cause of McCarty's death. In the meanwhile Wm, Mc Carney and referee Eddy Smith are out on $500 bonds each, and are or dered to appear as witnesses when the case is tried. Another development of the case is the tiling of a suit by Burns for libel against a minister, who, it is alleged, made the statement that the lighter and promoters were "mur derers and should bo deported.' ' <fr ,j, 4. 4. 4, of 80ft. Cholly—I wish I could find some thing to absorb my mind. Molly—Why Bot try blotting paper? H ave you a chance on the thirty-two piece 1847 Roger s silverware at the Cottage Bar? 0. F. DEYARM0N. The Quality A Few of the Local Users of the De Lav al Separator. J. P. Kent Sam Lutz W. H. Wills Improved No. 15. Act ual capacity 675 lbs Improved No. 12. Act- d*TE ual capacity 450 lbs. 9« v Improved No. 10. Act- tfAC ual capacity 335 lbs. Beers & Haynes PIONEER MERCHANTS ♦♦+++♦♦+♦♦♦♦♦+♦♦♦ + * Î The Farmer's Auto. X += is <fr + ,j, Practical Machine, at Moderate 4. 4. Cost, Certain to Appear on 4. 4. the Market Ere Long. 4. 4, 4> <H- + + + + * + + + 4 , 4 , + , l , + + + The rapid Increase In the number of automobiles owned by farmers would seem to indicate that the day has already passed when this vehicle could be properly classed as a thing for "pleasure seekers and snobs" alone—If, Indeed, it could ever have been so classed. The adoption of the machine to farm uses goes stead ily forward; and, while no automobile has yet made its appearance which satisfactorily flllB the place of the "democratic wagon" or "box buggy" with the farmer of moderate means, there is little doubt that ere long such an auto will appear, procurable at a price which, when added to that of the horses, will be no greater than that of those old fashioned "rigs." The eagerness of the rich and well to-do—and of the multitude of reck less and extravagant spenders, who, though without adequate means, somehow continue always to follow the fashion—to possess showy autos has kept all the factories so busy turning out high priced machines that they have had small inducement to build cheaper ones, such as the mul titude of farmers could buy. But— Just as in the history of the bicycle, machines which originally cost $100 were a few years later duplicated, or even bettered, by wheels Belling for $30 and even $15—so it is sure to be with the auto. Three hundred and fifty dollars will eventually pay for an auto, not so showy, perhaps, but even better for practical purposes than those today selling for four or five times as much—capable of un all-day speed of twenty miles an hour, and suited to all the purposes, social and business, of the farmstead. Meanwhile many farmers are doing very well with various adaptions to their purpose of existing types of autos. In the last Farmers' Review, for instance, is a picture of one where the space usually occupied by the back seat is filled by a crate contain ing a fatted calf bound for the city market. With the auto, its owner can deliver such a calf, or some crates of produce, at a point twenty miles away, and be back home in two hours; while with a democratic wagon at ..least six hours would be required. Furthermore, the farmer possessing an auto has usually sev eral markets within reach, while the one who depends on horses is natur ally confined to one. Comparatively. Towne—Yes. my wife is able to dress on comparatively little money. Browne —Ob, come now! Comparatively little? Towne —I mean on little compared with what she thinks she ought to have. How Representative Men View the Income Tax EXEMPT 1 OFFICE I HOLDERS t i By WILLIAM H. MANN, Gover nor of Virginia H ll ruBi.ic OFFICIALS SHOULD BE EXEMPT FROM FEDERAL INCOME TAX. be cause if the salaries of state officials were subject to an income tax the fod e r a I government could destroy the state government. INCOME I TAX'S I MEANING Î $ by American Pres» Association. Representative CORDELL HULL I MAXES I I BETTER I t CITIZENS Î <!> By ROBERT J. j LOWRY. Bank President of | Atlsnts, Ga. | I T seems but Just J that each man enjoying nil In come. whether that Income be $500 or $50.000 a y e a r, should bear his part of the public bur den. It will MAKE A BETTER C'lTl 7.EN OF HIM. BURDEN I ON POLICY I HOLDERS J By WILLIAM A. DAY. Life In Representative l Representative CORDELL HULL, Who Drew the Bill ESTIMATE that more than 1.000. 000 people will contribute to tlie Income tax. About 1.000.000 of them will pay the normal tax—that Is, Ï per cent on Incomes in excess of $4.000 per yenr and less than $20.000 |>er year. The number of contributors to the higher tnx for Incomes more than $20.000 per year 1 cannot even guess. HARD TO UNDERSTAND By LAWSON PURDY. President of New York City Tax Depart ment HE. Income tnx Is HARD TO n j UNDERSTAND because the sentences are long, the para graphs are long, and frequently the early parts of paragraphs are modi fied Ay lengthy provisos. I EVERY ONE SHOULD PAY By JAMES M. COX. Governor of Ohio ET every one pay the tnx, either . working for himself or for the public. ♦♦»♦«»♦♦♦»♦♦ ♦ »»»••♦»♦' » ♦OS*» TAX PUBLIC OFFICIALS By WILLIAM SULZER., Governor of New York I THINK public officials OUGHT TO PAY like any one else. I am a public official, and I nm willing to pay an Income tax. WAR TAX OF '98 BETTER By WILLIAM M. CALDER. Con gressman of Brooklyn C HE Income tnx is nil right but instead of that method of tnxu tlon 1 would like to see a tax similar to the war tnx of 1808 in the form of stamps on patent medicine, on legal documents, etc. Such a tax would be easy to collect Let People Use the Schools By Dr. HENRY M. LEIPZIGER. Supervisor of Lectures of New York Public Schools C ODAY many of the schoolhouses of the country are open day and night all the year round for all good purposes that bear upon our civic or social life} their portals entered NOT ALONE BY CHTLDKEN. BUT VISITED BY THE YOUTH AND UTILIZED BY THE OLD. The primary duty of the schoolhouse must ever be the education of the young, but in a democratic community whose perpetuity rests on the intelligence of its electorate it is of supreme importance that instruction shall NOT BE CONFINED JO 1HOSE OF SCHOOL AGE ALONE. The frontier of education has been extended by socializing the schoolhouse. Education is not instruction in the three Il's alone, but a harmonious development of tho entire lieing. OUR CURRICULUM INCLUDES THE TRAINING OF THE HEAD, THE HAND AND THE HEART, AND SO OUR INTERPRETATION OF EDUCATION IN A DEMOCRACY INCLUDES THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AESTHETIC SIDE AND THE SOCIAL SIDE, AS WELL AS THE UTILITARIAN SIDE. DAY. Life In President HE Income tnx ns It relates to life Insurance companies Is dif ficult to understand. Whatever the intent may have been, the language Used is clearly opeu to the Interpreta tion that policy holders will be re quired to pay THREE TAXES In addi tion to the tnx nlrcndy required on their premiums by the states, making four taxes in all. sursnee I UNWORKABLE | By ROBERT H. MONTGOMERY. President of the American As sociation of Public Accountants fp* HE phraseology in the present income tnx is almost the same ns that In the corporation tax Wir and is EQUALLY UNWORKA BLE. It calls for n report based on Income actually received, less expenses actually paid. Few partnerships and corporations of the country could pre pare such a report without REWRIT ING ALL OF THEIR BOOKS. I ILLNESSES TAXED | By FRANK S. GARDNER. Secre tary of the New York Board of Trade and Transportation I LLNESSES INVOLVING SURGI CAL OPERATIONS. THE AT TENDANCE OF NURSES and so on are taxed, but they often cause ex penditures equal to losses arising from "fires, storms and shipwrecks." TAX TOO SMALL 1 t By VICTOR L. BERGER. Former Socialist Member of Congress 1 DON'T think that the rate propos ed for big incomes is uenrly high enough. 1 believe that $4.000 is the right point to start at hut the big incomes ought to lie TAXED TWEN TY-FIVE PER CENT OR MORE. 4. a. 4. 4. + + + + + ** + - 5 * * * * v Rotations Tested. j | | J + * 4. Diversified Farming and Live 4. 4. Stock Maintains High Aver- .<• 4. age of Productivity. + + * •b + + + + 4* 4" + + + + + •s* 4* <• 4- -i Work of the Experiment Station at University Farm, St. Paul, during the last twenty years has shown that u reasonable rotation with dlversiiled farming and live stock and the use o; manure maintains a high average of productivity, returning a good profit without depleting soil fertility. The best results were obtained when a five-year rotation was used, including wheat timothy and clover hay, pasture, oats followed by an ap plication of eight tons of manure on the stubble, and corn. When this ro tation was followed 26.6 bushels of wheat per acre were obtained, as compared with 20.6 bushels In the ease of a three-year rotation without tnnntire and 18.6 bushels In the case of continuous cropping of wheat with out manure. The three-year rotation included wheat, clover and corn. The hay yield was 3.9 tons per acre in the ease of thp five-year rotation, ns compared with 2.9 tons In the cime of a three-year rotation, and 1.78 tons per acre in the case of continu ous cropping. The greatest difference was In the yield of corn, which was 60.8 bushels in the five-year rotation. 45.2 bushels In the three-year rotation aud 26.4 bushels in the ease of con tinuous cropping. Many farmers fol lowing a similar rotation secure as good results ns this and on more fa vorable soils they may excel them. A farm organized on this basis and feeding the grain and the wheat bran with the hay and roughage, returning the manure to the land, selling wheat, dairy products, beef, pork, mutton and poultry products Is a highly conserv ative type of farming. There is, how ever. In all of these products an out go of phosphate In excess of what is returned. The amount Is not large and as the soil phosphates are read ily available under such conditions the effect on yield may not be ob served for many years. When the sale of such products 1 b practiced phosphate. In addition to what Is In the manure, Bhould be returned to the land. This may be accomplished by the purchase of bran, oil cake, and other feeds containing this element, in this way the additional phosphatu may be obtained practically tree of cost. Otherwise It may be secured as ground phosphate rock, which when spread with the manure becomes readily available. In soils not well supplied with manure or decaying or ganic matter the ground rock Is value less, as It Is not available. In such cases the rock must first be treated with sulphuric acid and Is then known ns acid phosphate. Sometimes In Gap Grill Open Day and Night BEST FOODS BEST SERVICE H. M. HANSON, PROPRIETOR 34876 P & 0 "CANTON" PLOWS 70 years of "knowing how" hammered in» to every one of them The plow that will scour Agent for the Mogul and Avery Tractors C.R.STONE Hardware and Implement Co. Judith Qap, - - - Montana FIRST OFFICIALS FOR JUDITH GAP The election held last Monday in the town of Judith Gap was a revela tion to the residents tliemselves be cause of tlie serenity of tlie occasion. There have been a number of politi cal strifes in Judith Gap during the past year, this was notone of them. Some weeks ago a large number of the citizens met for the purpose of naming a citizens' ticket for city of ficials. Tlie meeting was a grand success as was also the election, which went solid for the ticket named with the exception of one vote which was altered a little. II. L. Bills was elected mayor by a unanimous vote of tlie people. John Dolan and George S. Ilnynes were elected as aldermen of the first ward and Oliver lteadel and Robert ('. l'ieplio as aldermen of tlie second ward. These are all good men and men who will exert every effort for the upbuilding and general welfare of tlie liest little town in tlie state. At tlie meeting of the county com missioners next week tlie vote will he canvassed and the men officially notified of their election. Within ten days after this official notification the aldermen will meet in a placeagreed upon and go through several legal formalities. Then tlie mayor with the astistance of tlie aldermen will name a clerk who will also he ex-of ficio assessor and member of the council, and one treasurer, who will he ex-ollicio tax collector, and one I marshall who will he ex-ollicio street commissioner. It is not known on just what date the first meeting of the council will he held, hut it is believed that it will he some time the latter part of next week. Let us all take an interest in the doings of the couucil and not he at all backward with our assistance when the good work starts. We have got a good town here and let us all keep our shoulders to the wheels of progress and keep them steadily forg ing to the front. very intensive methods both practices are followed. A little of the acid phosphate Is used as a starter for the young plants and the ground rock or bone meal furnishes the latter sup ply. Ab stated above, however, the most favorable results are secured by returning to the eoll, through the use of manure, the elements of fer titty and organic matter removed in the crope produced. In this way we shall approach the nearest to maintaining virgin fertil ity that It Is possible to reach under Intensive arrlculture. .