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THE JUDITH (UP JOURNAL
LYLE A. COWAN Fublisheil every Friday in the Journal bulldine. Judith Gap, Meagher county. Montana. Subscription rate. $2.00 a year iu advance: other wise $2.50. Yearly advertising rate. 20 cents ap inch. Short time rate. 35 cents an inch each insertion. Entered as second-class matter. December 11.1908. at the postoffice at Judith Gap. Montana, under the Act of March 3.1879. Judith flap, Meagher county, Montana, lo cated in the center of the largest and most prolific winter wheat region in the world, is on the Great Northern and Milwaukee rail •wads, 1193 miles west of St. Paul, 175 miles east of Helena, the state capital, and 248 northeast of Butte, the greatest mining camp on earth; 120 miles east of Great Falls, the Pittsbnrg of the west; 114 miles west of Bil lings, the sugar beet city; and 1095 miles east •f Seattle, the key to the Orient. "SWAT THE FLY!" Every one who bus the inter est and health of his community at heart should do battle with the deadly insect wherever it goes. In the city of New York alone the total number of deaths from diseases that have been traced directly to the fly for an average of live years ending Jan. 1 . 1012 . are ns follows: Typhoid fever ................... 856 Tuberculosis mil kinds) ........ 10.292 Cholera infantum ____'........... C.398 Cerebrospinal meningitis...... 404 Diphtheria ....................... 1,829 Scarlet fever .................... 1,028 Bronchitis ........................ 1,408 Smallpox ......................... 3 In addition are the follow ing diseases: Bubonic plague, pel lagra. Asiatic cholera, leprosy, anthrax, conjunctivitis, ophthal mia and Infantile paralysis. The last is not classifled ns such hy the city hoard of health, but the state hoard of health reported forty deaths in 1011 . ple has ous ed ger the and ♦♦»M4W. 44.H44 i HARL0WT0N BUSY ALL THE TIME. The business men of Harlowtou, or some other persons vitally interested, are becoming renowned for their ac tivity in the boosting of Harlowtou at all times. They are to be com mended for their activity in boosting for the home town. There would be better towns and better citizens for them if all were brought up to believe in their home town first. last, and ail of the time. But the idea of liar- j lowt ai surreptitiously endeavoring to take nine townships from the Ju dith Gap school district i« something that lias received the condemnation of all people interested in good schools and the right. Harlowtou has wanted county divi sion for some years ymst. Judith Gap alliliated themselves with llar lovvton in the last light for county di vision, but, as was only natural, the two towns held their own preference for county seat, llarlowiou !.. a good town and lias many good and loyal citizens, but the idea of its business men endeavoring to take nine town ships from the Judith Gap district is strictly out of question. Men, women and children, who will be vitally interested in this mat ter feel that it is an outrage and .something that should not lie toler ated. Petitions have been circulated in the locality in question praying the superintendent of schools to -change the school district boundaries so that the Harlowtou district will take iu the territory up to within three miles south of Judith Gap. You ask, why have they done this? 'Well, kind reader, there seems to he several reasons, the most paramount of which is the one that they want io increase the finances of the llarlow* ton district. They lind that under * the existing circumstances the eas iest way to bring this about would he by taking a part of Judith Gap's ter ritory, which is, and is known to be, the most prolific and best territory iu Meagher county. They also have iu view the new and growing town of Oka and the railroad improvements which are being made there. We have a good school m Judith Gap and there is no purt of the dis trict that has not proper school fa cilities for the majority of the child ren. Every good citizen of this sec tion should make an extra effort to thwart this low-down trick. an in on to of Crasy Paopls. "Crazy people never act together,'' declares the superintendent of a large asylum for the insane. "If one inmate attacked an attendant, as sometimes happens, the others would look iqioii Jt as no affair of theirs and simply watch it. The moment we discovered two or more Inmates working together we would know they were on the road to recovery." DEVELOP TRADE BY CO-OPERATION What a Wisconsin Ton Did Merits Emulation. COMMUNITY SPIRIT TELLS. Grass Ones Grew In the Streets of Delavan, Wie., but Thet Wee Before the Citizene Learned to Keep Trade and Profit« at Horn#—Three Hundred Per Cent Tax Increase In One Year. Delavan. TVis.. is an excellent exam ple of a village center around which has developed one of the most prosper ous and cultured agricultural commu nities. Twenty-live years ago. weight ed with n $ 00.000 railroad mortgage, it was a sleepy town, with grass grown streets and untidy yards. Poorly kept roads radiated through the rural dis tricts. Little was done for the farmer other thnn to supply in nu indifferent manner his simpler requirements, and farm lands were not valued ns highly around Delavan ns near two of the lar ger towns in the county. About this lime uu awakening took place. The citizens paid the railroad bonded debt in one year, even though the taxes were increased nearly 300 per cent. Then followed a new high school building, city waterworks, sewerage, electric light plant, improved streets and country roads A woman's Im provement club cleaned and raked and scrubbed the town and established a standard of civic pride that has made jsgj FINE STOKES AKE A BIO ASSET. Delavan one of the show towns of southern Wisconsin. Thu Chautauqua assembly was organized in 18U5. and an additional opportunity for intellec tual and spiritual uplift was given our countryside. The business part of the town was practically rebuilt. Enter prising merchants, with flue stores und excellent stocks of merchandise, ac tively competed with the larger neigh boring cities of Beloit. Janesville. Whitewater. Burlington and Lake Ge neva for the farmers-' trade with ever increasing success. The merchants, in addition to the ex cellent values offered throughout the year, established a DftHuvnn week sale in midwinter, at which time every storekeeper made especially low priées on goods and also contributed money to provide free entertaim.ments at the opera house and picture shows for all visiting farmers and their families. Iu trying out a new process creamery $00.000 was spent. Fanners' institutes and poultry shows were held. Con certs. theatrical entertainments and winter lecture courses were maintained and were patronized by town and coun try | »cop lu alike. Baseball games. Held days, carnivals and celebrations were of frequent occurrence. A free public library was established, aud out of about 1.300 patrons' cards* outstanding over 400 are held by farmers and their families living from one-to seven miles outside of the town. The result of all these things lias been that the town lias made the farm ers prosperous and the farmers have made the town prosperous. Ileal es tate is fully 20 per cent more valuable in Delavan township, according to the last assessment tigures of Walworth county, than any other township iu the country. A live town is a better market thnn a dull one for all kinds of farm produce, with keener competition among busi ness men. And if the farmer can read ily sell his produce in a town he is cer tain to buy tlio town merchants' wares iu return. Fine stores with large ami varied stocks of up to date merchaar dise are big assets to any town nnd are equally valuable to the neighbor!,»« farmers. They spell prosperity Jor both.—American Agriculturist. Smoke Coatly to Chicago. Smoke belched by locomotives costs Chicago $7.038.27(5 every year, accord ing to statistics just published by Al derman Theodore Long, which will be submitted to a committee of the city council that is considering an ordinance for the electrification of railway ter minals. The total smoke damage ex ceeds the city's receipts from salitan licenses, and the average loss to each family of $15.48 is figured as greater thau the annual personal property t^x. Alderman Long's figures give the daffy number of locomotives in Chicagoans 1,030 and their dally coal consumption as 5.001 tons. Damage by smoke of all sources is estimated at $18.401.100 an nually. Tulips Always a Garden Favorite. There is nothing more attractive than a tulip bed place<l in an appro priate part of the grounds around the house. The multicolored flower must always be a favorite by reason of its beauty and variety. GARNEILL Mrs. Hugh Dawes went to Lewis town Sunday to spend a few days. Mrs. Benjamin McDonald and daughter, Lillian, returned home last week after spending two mouths in eastern Canada helping to care for Mrs. McDonald's father who died while she was there. Among the Chautanqua visitors at Lewi8towu last week were Mr. and Mrs. Bruce, Mr. and Mrs. Peck, Misses Margaret Schuster and Helen Peck, aud John Peck. Willis and Miss Margaret Jennings rode to Uothiemay, Friday, and at tended a dance in the eveuiug. They returned home Mouday accompanied by Albert and Miss Eunice Glazier. Fred DeLong's buggy horse was badly cut in the wire last week. Being Timid About a Thing Because It Is Jfebv Isn't Business M ANY business mew are hwtb to examine the advantages of the parcel post, chiefly be cause it is uew. They do not see in it u means to do business at the ol4l stand in u brand new way. B-at they should not let their conservatism stand be tween them and substantial' dol lars nnd cents profits. THE PARCEL POST CAN BE MADEf THE MOST VAL UABLE SELLING MEDIUM THAT THUS SMALL MER CHANT HAS if he will only adapt himself'to new condition», it enables iiiim to reach every buyer within' fifty miles of Win' at less expense and far more quickly thun< any mail ordbr bouse can. It hus extended the sphere of hla trade influence. Bÿ advertising hi» wares specific ally in newspapers and distrib uting catalogue» price lists and circular matter concerning hü stnndard goods be will speedily educate his future customers to> realize tbnt it will pay best tie deal with the man neur home. CLEANLINESS AND HEALTH. Go-op«ration Important In Obtaining) First, Thus Insuring Latter. Ctatiulîauss. both personal and mm iik-ipaL according to- Dr. William F. Snow, secretary oft the California) hound <vf health, is a mutter for volun tary and intelligent co-eperatiou rather» than enterrement of) kiw. except ini flagrant vases. As a rule, it is difficult) to-»how isst specific cases that disagree able sights, smells aiuli sounds are di rectly tlwr causes of disease. They are nuisances. and are allies of disease be cause of the opportunities afforded! various animal or vegetable carriers of disease. And just as it pays a railway company to spend targe sums of money to» keep its track clear of woods ao that loosened spikes may be easily detected- or other conditions conducive' to accident, so it wilt pay the people to spend! money nnd personal effort ini keeping their houses, yards and city dean and free from ail removable rub bish as ft measure in preventing tile unrecognized approach of disease car riers. Dr. Skwnv places ini its right light Mie position of the people. The authorities can do no better health work than their constituents ini the state of tbeir hygienic education will support The health condition of a community iu a series of years is ah« measure ci the health intelligence »f the people. It is important for the people to know the trutlts of sciontiCv investigation, and it is the duty of the authorities te cir culate not what may be their own per sonal dogmas, but the established truths. j Make Porks of the Waste Utilize tbc waste places in your city. Turn them into parks for the people. This is the advice of experts in "city beautiful" movements everywhere. Waste places serve 110 good purpose. They are frequently a »langer and menace to the health and are always unpleasant to look upon. By trans forming them into parks two good ends are attained. They no longer can be used as dumping grounds for refuse nnd become instead of real service as a recreation spot for the public. Tho cost of tills transformation Is negligi ble. nnd every community should con sider tlie questiou and the beuefltu that will accrue. Net to Be Overlooked. Blolibs—Why docs Subbtibs hate Ills next door neighbor so? Slobbs—The man built a high spite fence. Blolibs— Well. 1 must say that isu't an easy thing to 4 >verlook.—Philadelphia Rec ord. 4 > 4 > 4 > 4 >| 14 > 4 > < 54 ' 4 > 4 ' 4 | 4 > 94 > 4>9 Workhorse in Harvest, t Proviila Adequately for tha 4, Cara and Comfort of Each 4. Animal. 4. ♦ 4- + 4 - + + d- + + + + + +4.4.4. + 4. The season of hot weather ie at hand, and with it cornea one of the busiest times for the farm work horse. The corn needs cultivation, haying time ia near, and harvest time 1 b not very far In the future. If these various kinds of work and alt the odd jobs that require horse labor are to be done efficiently and on time, the work horse must be in good con dition when the work begins and must be kept so throughout the busy season. A few words on his care are pertinent at this time. In the first place see that each ani mal is able to do full work. If there is any condition that should receive attention to' Increase working efficien cy, now is the time to attend to it. The older animals may have poor teeth that need attention. The rush of spring work may have caused sore necks and ahouldefb. Shoes may need resetting. A short season of rest or a run in pasture for a week or more will help the horse that baa become poor and more or leas tired out by the spring work. In the second place, provide ade quately for the care and comfort of each animal. It is not too late to make provision for an abundance of light and air in the stable, if they are not already provided. Window sashes can be ordered later and set in place be fore the cold weather cornea. If screens can be placed in the windows, or if mosquito netting ia tacked over them, many flieB can be kept out of the stable. Screen doors will be found an additional help. The in crease in comfort will easily repay any inconvenience the screen doors cause, when taking the horses in or out of the stable. Keep the stalls clean. Remove the manure daffy. If left to accumulate, it heats and adds: to the discomfort. Besides, the eacap ing ammonia acts as an irritant to the horses and Is injurious to the har ness. Water the horses before faedtng and again before going to the field, if they are very warm and the water is cold, allow them only a few swai itows, or at must a few quarts. After cooling out for half an hour they may Be given a full'dWnk. Whenever posai Me give each hone a drink in» the middle of the- forenoon and another ft» the middle of the afternoon. They will be refresiled as much as their driver, and there fs little danger- of causing colic if they are kept mov ing. When beginning work in the morn ing and again at' noon warm the hors es- up slowly for the first half hour;. If the day is hot and the work very hard, a few short rests of a few min utes each during the last hair Hour Before unhitching will be immense aidk to cooling them out and prepar ing them for tile coming feed and dtfuk. When water is-available the liurse's rest and working- efficiency will - Be very much increased if he is sponged off or washed in» the evening after he lias cooled out. Water that' has stood in the su nub slightly warm) ami thereby the danger of colic or cold is lessened. The time consumed by this attention in the-evening will be made up- the next morning by the- small amount of time- needed for currying. When this cannot be done, by all' means sponge off his shoulders and neck with coin" »Titer, and alio wash the bearing trarhree of the- collar. This does not* require much time or water, but goes a long way toward preventing sore neck and »houlders Do not extieet the horse.-* to give tfte most amf best service of which they are capable unless they are un der the eye a-nii care of am ever cone siderate master. TIME OF CUTTIN G ALFALFA Best Rule Ik to Harvest Crop Whan One-tenth in BIcam. An old established rulo* is to cut al falfa when one-tenth iio bloom. Al falfa at this stage has a higher per centage of protein tha« if cut when older. Thus the hay fs richer and also more palatable. About the time of bloom the basal shoots art» just starting from the crown and alfalfa cut at this time itffows the young shoots; to come on euipidly. When the alfalfa is cut too eurty the growth of the young basal s-ftoots is said to be delayed. If the hay is cut too late the basal shoots are cut off and the second growth is severely injured. When alfalfa is cut at the time of one-tenth in bloom it was found that the total hay yield for the season was greater than when the cuttings were made when the hay was in full bloom. The yield from the first cutting was larger, but the yield from the next cut ting was enough less to more tbkn offset the increased yield of the first cutting. When, the catting of alfalfa is delayed some of the lower leaves mature nnd faff off. The leaves form the richer portion of the hay and ev ery effort should be made to retain the greatest amount of leaves possi ble. The tenth-in-bloom rule is a pretty safe one. but it is an easy matter to .examine the crowns of the alfalfa plants to see if the new shoots are making a start. If they are it is time to start the mower. ♦*♦♦+++♦**++♦♦++* Brown Swiss Cattle. a|p «J. 4, Cows Are Good Milkers and 4, 4» Well Adapted for General 4. + Dairying. + 4 » + ♦ + 4 , + + + + + 4 , 4 »* + 4 , 4 , + + + The Brown Swiss cattle are na tives of Northeastern Switzerland. They arc supposed to be descendants from the original wild cattle and have been used in that locality since before the records of history. The country of Switzerland is very mountainous, yet has many fer tile productive valleys and woodlunds which grow grains, hay and root crops in abundance, besides furnish ing good grazing. The cattle are housed and fed during the winter, but are pastured during the spring at the foot of the mountains, then moved higher up the valleys in the summer. As the fall season ap proaches they are moved down the mountains to lower levels. The milk Is used for cheesemaking in the summer, but mostly for buttermaking in the winter. The Brown Swiss are large, well proportioned animals, rather coarse in bone, inclined to be plump of body or beefy, yet have very good dairy type. The cows average about 1.200 BROWN SWISS CATTLE. pounds in weightt. The «-©tor varies from gray to nearly bhick, with a prevailing mouse color over the body. The nose, tongue;, horn tips and switch are black,, while tike udder may carry a little- white: The breed is noted' for their strong, sure breeding and' continue to pro duce calves for many year» They rank high as a veal and beef pro ducing breed, as the calves are large and grow rapidly, bnd are rather slow in maturing. The Brown Swiss- cows are very gentle in disposition and from the standpoint of milk production they do not rank so high as many of the other breeds, yet they are very per sistent milkers and weil adapted 'for general dairying. 4 . 4 . 4 . 4 . 4 . -j. 4 . 4 « *p -I* -f- 4* 4 Ctommon road dust with a little powdered sulphur mixed hi makes a good dtist batik for fowls that are troubled with like. 4 . 4k -g- 4» 4 . 4* 4* * 1 * d* •> * 1 * •£• -l* 4 » + The Phantom Fire Shipw The traditional "fire ship'' ef Cha lfeur boy. New Brunswick, appearing usually before a storm, has a basis . of fact, according to a> scientist. It is a hemispherical light, with' the flat side toward the water, glowing some time» without much' chaugo- of form. : but ad other times rising into slender, moving columns, in; which an excited imagination might recognize the flam ing rigging of a ship. The general ex planation offered i» that this object is a manifestation of St. Elmos fire, an electrical phenomenon, but the reason flip its appearing only on ur near Cha leur bay is not kuowu.—London Tele graph. One Is Enough. Every now' and then you meet a guy who makes you feel glad that he isn't twins.—Cincinnati Enquirer. You Need Either Hail or Fire Insurance I Or Both I - 1 ▼ V'&Teare local agents for several of the best I v v companies in both lines of insurance and * will be glad to do business with you. fJWe re spectfully ask you to call upon us relative to any and all financial matters. We are bankers and can undoubtedly lend you assistance. i Security State Bank SHOULD B E WELL CLEANED Keeping the Cream Separator In Con* dition. The owner of the cream separator should make it a point to have tha skim milk tested every now and then. These samples may be sent to tb« State Experiment Station at Brookings at any time, providing the express ia prepaid. The same applies to cream. Specialists will then promptly test tha sample, whatever it may be. and re turn the test to the sender. If tha separator is not well cleaned after each skimming it is likely to do in efficient work. First, the effect of cold cream and curdy particles may clog up the cream outlet and cause the skim milk to mix with the cream. 3ec ondly, when the separator bowl Is not cleaned it is likely to be a little heav ier on one side than on- the other, by reason of some curd or dirt particlea settling on the one side of the bowL As soon as the bowl gets up to speed these small particles get very heavy and unbalance the bowl, which cauaea it to run unsteady. A trembling bowl never does good work. Occasionally the bowl is allowed to rust and at times the bearings are al lowed to wear, which cause the ma-, i'hine to run imperfectly. The separa tor should always be well oiled. Every week flush out all of the bear ings with kerosene, then reoil with good separator oil. The ordinary oil is likely to gum the bearings, espe cially during the cold weather. Above all be sure that the cream separator stands level on a good solid foundation. No separator can do per fect skimming when it stands on a plank floor that is vibrating at every turn of the handle. The separator shonid stand on a solid concrete found ation. If this is not possible take a large box, fill it with concrete, and put the separator on the top of thia chunk of solid concrete. This heavy material takes away the vibration and will cause the separator to run a good deal smoother than if it ttood on a wood «B floor direct. Petitions to tho Czar. In Russia there Is a court of peti tions through which appeals are ad dressed to the emperor. The court was originally founded in the reign at Ivan IV. in the sixteenth century. When Catherine the Great ascended the throne she intended to receive all appeals personally, but the task soon passed beyoud her powers. The Czar Paul as a young man tried to imitate Catherine'» example, and he had a large yellow iron box attached to on« of the ground floor windows of tha Winter paluee at St. Petersburg, into which petitions were dropped. Tha box was periodically opened and tha contents submitted to the czar. Thia method of receiving petitions was alaa found to be unworkable. .The extent to which the-subjects of the czar avail themselves of the court's privileged may be gathered from the fact that as many ns (>5.00» odd petitions have beam presented In- a- year. Use tha Toothbrush. The regular use of the toothbrush la necessary not! only to remove the acid incrustations that eat boles in tha teeth, but also to sweep away the germs of many terrible diseases. Tbosa find tbe neck» of the teeth an ideal nesting place; They multiply a million fold in it few hours unless washed away; then' they go down tbe throat, enter the lung» tbe stomach, the eusta chian tube» and tbe passages behind the nose. There they cause consump tion. diphtheria, earache, catarrh, bron chitis, tonsHttls—in fact, it would bn difficult to stt»y with certainty what dis eases may not arise from the germs that have grown upon the teeth, it is now considered almost certain that many case» of appendicitis buve thia as their origin. Hence there is no process ot the toilet so important as that of brushing tbe teeth.—New York World. It Wasn't the Nickol. "What'*) tlie matter, dear?" be asked, putting a* arm around her waist. "Whoai little Gerald and I went down town today." she sobbed, "the conduc tor insisted that I must pay full far« for the- child." "Oh;, well, don't let that bother you. What'S a nickel?" "It isn't tbe nickel. It's the idea that the tarnte of a conductor had the au dacity to suppose I could be tbe moth er ©# a child more than ten years old.** —Chicago Record-Herald.