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Judith Gap Journal
VOL. 6. NO. 3. JUDITH GAP. MONTANA. FRIDAY. NOVEMBER 28, 1913. PRICE. FIVE CENTS THE ENLARGED HOMESTEAD LAW The 820-»cre homestead law, or, as it is often called, the enlarged home stead law, has made possible the. eutry of many million acres of dry laud in the western states in tracts double the size allowed under the or iginal homestead law. Only the laud that has been designated by the Secretary of the Interior as*'non-irri gable" can be entered under this act More than 200,000,000 acres have been thus designated, but petitions and sworn statements requesting further designations are constantly being re ceived. lu an interview just being given out Secretary Lane calls attention to the fact that there appears to be cousid erable misunderstanding among western homesteaders as to the pro cedure necessary in order that enlar ged-homestead designations may be made. The Secretary states that on ly the simplest and most direct action by the settler is required, and that it Is wholly unnecessary for him to in cur the charges now made by attor neys who draw up formal petitions that are in fact no more effective than i the homsteader's own letter would be. ! On this account a brief statement of j the essential facts relative to the en- j larged.homestead law is timely. I The first enlarged homestead act 1 was approved February It), loo«, and ns later amended provides that in the states of Arizona, California, Colora do, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, Utah Washington, and Wyoming any per son who is qualified to make entry un der the homestead laws may enter as much as 829 acres of public land which is in a reasonably compact body and is non-mineral, non-irri gable, unreserved and unappropri ated and does not contain merchant able timber. Before such entry can be made, however, the laud must be designated by the secretary of the in terior as not being, in his opinion, susceptible of successful irrigation at a reasonable cost from auy known source of water supply. The work of classifying the lands and determining what areas may be «onsidered non-irrigable has been as signed by Secretary Lane to the Uni ted States Geological Survey. Al though under the present ruling of the secretary, large areas may be designated as nou-irrigable without raising the question whether the land is in other respects subject to homestead entry, the work of classi fying these large areas necessarily proceeds rather slowly. In addition to these so-called blanket designa tions, therefore, designations of a «mailer areas are made as rapidly as their non-irrigable character is deter mined, including areas whose desig nation has been requested by indiv idual settlers for enlarged homestead entry ou tracts adjacent to their pres ent unperfected homestead entries. No definite form of petition is re quired, but each application should be limited as far as possible to the epicitic tract desired for entry and •hould contain a description, by sec tion, township and range, of the ap plicant's original homestead entry and the date of this entry, as well as a description, also by legal subdivi sions, of the lauds desired for addi tional entry. Information as to the possibility of irrigating the land •hould also be furnished and should include the distance and direction of the nearest stream or existing or pro posed irrigation canal, the elevation of the lowest point of the laud above •uch source of water supply, the dep th at which water can be reached by wells sunk on the laud, and all avail able information concerning attempts to obtain water by this method. The general character of the land, both of the homesteader's original entry (if he has made one) and of the land de sired for additional entry, should al so be described, to aid the survey in reaching a decision as to its non-irri tability. This information should be embod ied in a leiter sent to the Director, 17. S. Geological Survey, Washington, 1). O. A formal petition drawn up by a notary or an attorney is not at all necessary, and will not result in any earlier consideration of the mat ter than will be given if the applicant writes personally. Action will be taken on every request as promptly •s is consistent with a proper regard to other requests that are pending, amd the applicant will be promptly notified when a lilial decisiou has been reached. Sand. 1 will sell sand which lias been •rouud from rock to anyone having use for same ar s.YU'i per yard. At the new bank building. Judith Gap, Mont. W. T. Sharp. SMALL POX EPIDEffl IC BARELY AVERTED Last week the town of Judith Gap was almost seized in the throes of a small pox epidemic. This was promptly averted by the quick action of Dr. Gaus. He called upon county health officer, il. 11. Tice of Twodot, and together they quarantined disin fected and vaccinated to a sufficient extent to stem the tide of the dread disease. As nearly as can be learned at this time the sickness started in the Fred erick hotel. Mrs. A. W. Sarver was called some time ago to the bedside of a sick daughter at Maud Coulee and shortly after her reiuru was tak en ill. Dr. Gaus was summoned, but was unable to diagnose the case at first sight, and was not assisted to ward a solution by being made ac quainted with the fact that the daughter was suffering from small pox. His services were dispensed with and Mth. Sarver finally broke out with an up-to date case of small pox. This was not by far the end; the family continued to operate their hotel in the same building in which the mother was ill. The dining room was situated within twenty feet from where the sick woman lay. No pre cautions were taken and no warnings given. Inquiries as to how the sick woman was were answered evasively. If one asked to see her he was told that she could not be seen. The son, Hoy, was taken ill a few days after returning from a hunting trip in company with George Kidder, who has since been quarantined. Hoy seems to have disappeared, but those who saw him before his depar ture are fully convinced that he has been through a case of small pox wherever he may have gone. John Erickson a bartender at Jack's Place was the first one to be pronounced ill with small pox, and he broke quar antine and went t o Lewistown. Charles Heed, Albert Fuhiiholz's father-in-law,, went to the Fahnholz ranch sick and within a few days he was broken out with small pox. Not like the others, he knew at once where he contracted the disease, aud sent his daughter to inform Dr. Gans as to where the origiu of the sickness could be found. He had seen Mrs. Sarver during talks for the lease of the hotel and noted the fact that her face was covered with pimples, but thought nothing of it. The last oue to be reported suffering is S. F. Breeden, Contractor Sharp's carpen ter foreman, who was a boarder at the Frederick, aud who. upon feeling ill, went to Moore, where it is very probable lie spread the disease further before the doctors diagnosed his cas. . Criminal prosecution of the Sarver family has been threatened, and nmv be brought about yet. Many a e of the opinion that it woul 1 be > entirely wrong to d o this as it would only bring increased trouble to Mrs. Sarver, who has always been a hard working womau, but if the prosecution of Mr. Sarver could be brought about it would meet wi h hearty approval from all sides. He has spared no time aud pains to denounce and threaten the health authorities for the action taken. NO HANGING BACK. T<» do anything in this world worth doing we must not stand back shivering and thinking of the cold and danger, but jump in and «crumble through as best we can.—Sydney Smith. TOWNSHIP IMS SURVEYED FILINGS AFTER DEC. 2 Department of the Interior, U. S. Laudoflice, Lewistown, Montana, Oc tober 31, 1013. Notice is hereby given that that the residue of township lln, range 15e, m. m., bus been surveyed. Tiie plat of survey of tiie lands af fected will be liled in this office on Dec. 2,1918, after which this olliee is prepared to receive applications to enter or select said lands; also appli cations to adjust existing claims to same. JI. J. Kelly, Hegister. A. Hogeland, Receiver. Helena, Mont., Daily Record, Dec. 22, 1911.—Miss Leeta Corder proved the favorite of the evening, lier solo, Aria, from Traviata, won the hearts of all present, and she was called on to sing an old time favorite and hud the audience iiad its way she would have rendered a number more of solos Her voice bus a wonderfull tone, and in addition she has grace, beauty and most of all a captivating manner. New Picture of Huerta, Cause Of All tiie Trouble In Mexico Photo copyright, 1913. by American Press Association. V 1CTORIANO HUEKTA, as provisional president of Mexico, resisted for months the attempt of President Wilson to eliminate him from the Mexicali political situation. Huerta was once head of the federal troops under President Maderu. When he saw that the tide of battle last February was going against Madcco he qtilekly shifted his allegiance to Genera! Felix Diaz, leader of the sttccoaaful rebels who stormed the national palace la Mexleo City. Mexicans seem tobe noted for the manner in which they thus easily off with the old and on wife-the new. Modern wan slain. For awhile Huerta aud Diaz were bosom friends. Then Diaz wan sent to Japan and ordered arrested when he returned. He fled to Culm. Huerta found plenty of trouble on Ids hands from Carranza. Villa aud the other rebel leaders. In addition, the United States refused to recognize him. The general election for a president and vice president was a farce, and Huerta proclaimed himself dictator until another election could be held. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! i j i j j J I ! I ; J i l I i j i : 1 j . j j ; I ' ' Easily Saan. Colored Person (in department store) —1 want to look at a pah ob silk stock in's fo' a lady. Saleswoman (nonchalantly) — What size aud color? "Lordy, gal'. Is you blind?"—Life. r Its Time You Were Thinking of CHRISTMAS Presents. Your first thoughts should be value. A valuable present is not always a useful present, but a useful present is always valuable. Useful presents are more appreciated. In our hardware department we have: Carving sets, Community silver, Tea spoons. Table spoons, Knives and Forks, Safety razors, Brushes and Strops. IN FURNITURE WE HA VE Rocking chairs, Center tables, Dining Tables, Kitchen Cabinets, Mat= resses, and Vernie Martin Bedsteads, Maish quilts, IN GENTS FURNISHINQS WE ARE SHOWING the latest styles in shirts, ties, collars, suspenders, hosiery, hats, caps. In dry goods: Table linen sets, ladies' lace handkerchiefs, suitings, scarfs, Macha mittens. QUALITY STORE BEERS & HAYNES PIONEER MERCHANTS Tactful. Charming Hostess (to dyspeptic guest wlio lias been refusing dish after dish) —1 mil so distressed. You've bad no dinner at all. Guest—Thank you, hut 1 have to he very particular about my food.—London Punch. TELEPHONE LINE ALMOST ASSURED At the meeting of farmers east of j town with Hanger Greathouse last . Monday afternoon in the Journal of- | lice it was decided to rush the erec- ! tion of the Farmers' telephone line to j completion. j There were eighteen farmers pres- ! eut, each taking an active interest in the discussion of the line, amt not i even one dissenting on the pioposi- j tion. Hanger Greathouse made clear the fact that the government will fur- i uisli all the poles free of charge for ! the erection of the line, and that the | forest service would build tin* line from the Francisco ranch to the ran ger station at its own expense. A subscription list was drawn up in which the line of route was desig listed as follows: liegiiining at the town of Judith Gap, situated in sec tions 8() and 81 in 11-1«, it shall run due east a distance of 7 1-2 miles, thence north one half mile, thence east one mile, thence north one and one half miles to the W. T. Neill ranch, thence either diagonally or by section lines to the W. M. Yaple ranch on the half mile line between sections in and II, 11-17. thence east to the Francisco ranch three-quarters of a mile, thence diagonally northeast to the ranger station three miles. Then there will be a number of spurs built from this main line so that not to exceed twenty homes can be ac commodated on this single wire, The list tilled up rapidly, but a few more names were required before it was thought advisable to start pro ceedings to incorporate the company. Among the original incorporators of the company will be found the names of: M. T. Hascom, Dave Fransisco, W. M. Yaple. W. T. Neill, I Keith Caldwell, A. B. Andrews, P. ; D. Davis, II. S. Boale, Samuel Higgs, j 11. C. Finch, C. F. Sullivan, O. E. I Lemmon, Security state Hank, Mc Kenzie Trading Co., Beers A, Haynes, aud C. K. Stone. Another meeting will be announced for a date in Hie near future, but in the meantime poles will Vie hauled from the mountains aud holes dug for the same. Information Bureau The University of Montana an nounced recently the organization of the new department to be known as Hie bureau of public information. This is considered one of tiie mo; t important movements ever taken by Hie institution and will undoubtedly prove of genuine value to tiie citizens of the state. The bureau will endeavor to gne information concerning any subject in which auy citizen in Montana is interested. It. will attempt to answer FREE USE POLICY HAS B EEN C HANGED The Free Use Permit for saw tim ber from the Snowy mountain dis trict of the Jefferson reserve lias been materially changed according to in formation received from Hanger Hay Greathouse. No more Free Use Permits will be isi-ued for saw timber. The ranger w ill sell the saw timber to mill men in the district, who iu turn will sell it to Hie public. Instructions will be issued to tiie mill men to permit bona tide settlers to log ont the number of thousand feet each desires and to work out the cost of si wing and stmupage if such a tiling is possible. Otherwise a charge of approximately SO..">o per thousand w ill be made for stmupage aud sawing of dead timber and an accordingly higher price for green timber. Anyone buying this timber from tiie mill men can sell it on tiie open market to whom be may desire. In the past lumber secured under a free use permit bad to be used on tiie prem ises of Hie man holding tiie permit. If tiie mill men become inclined to charge exorbitant prices for lumber, the forestry officiais will advocate Hie return to the former policy. This change lias been made to accomodate Hie settlers and in case it does not work out for their good another change may lie expected. TOWNSHIP 11-14 SURVEYED FILINGS AFTER DEC. 17 Department of the Interior, l . S. Landollice at Lewistown, Mont., November 14, 11(18. Notice is hereby given that the of licial plat of the survey of the residue of Township 11 north, Hange I I east, Montana Principal Meridian, lias been received in this olliee and will be died on the 17th day of December 11118 , on aud after which date the lands contained therein will be open to entry and all existing claims may be adjusted to tiie surveyed lines. 11. J. Kelly, A. Hogeland, Keg ster. . Receiver. promptly and free of charge any question on any sensible slid useful topic. If a parasite is destroying trees, if a disease is injuring cattle, if the location or value of any ore or stone is desired, if information about any book, poem, play or periodical is sought: if answers in history, econo mics, education, art, music, govern ment, statistics, etc.. are requested. Hie bureau will either furnish accur ate replies or state where such data may readily in* found,—The Western er.