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THE WsnTow THE DAILY FRANCHISN - E TomorroVw-Rain or Snow. I OO A [OhouldJ1 FIVE VOL. XXV. NO. 242. MISSOULA, MONTANA, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 2, 1909. PRICE FIVE (T THE PRESIDENT RECEIVES NEW YEAR'S CALLERS MRS. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT. THOUSANDS EXTEND HOLIDAY GREETINGS Brilliant Assemblage at White House Marks Observance of Time Honored Social Custom---New Year Is Fit tingly Ushered in at the Capital. Washington, Jan. 1.-President Roosevelt and 6.000 p4 )le, represent ing every land and e.ery state and territory in the Union, today ex changed happy New Year greetings at the White House. For three and one half hours the president stood re ceiving his guests and when the re ception was ended, last year's record of attendance had been broken by over 700. Many men and women, distin guished in the official and social life of Washington, were present. The brillian court dress of members of the diplomatic corps gave a pictur esque aspect to the annual function which, throughout, was marked by an absence of formality. The number of small children who were brought by their parents to shake hands wtih the president was unprecedented. The weather was cool and bracing and the thousands of people who as. sembled to greet President and Mrs. Roosevelt showed the utmost good na ture during their long wait in the White House grounds before they gained admission to the mansion. There was less haste than is usual in urging the callers past the receiving party. Contrary to the custom of re cent years Mrs. Roosevelt and the la dies of the cabinet remained in the red room throughout the function. There were receptions at the home of Vice President Fairbanks, Speaker Cannon and the members of the cabi net. The closing of all the government departments and of local business concerns enabled thousands of officials and employes to participate in cele brating the day. President Roosevelt, after receiving at the White House, took a long cross country horseback ride. Memorable Occasion. To Mr. Roosevelt the occasion was memorable beyond any in which he has taken part since his elevation to the presidency. In the exchanges of salu tations there were many references to the events of his careerduring the com ing year, when he will face the dan gers of the African wilderness. Sev eral hours before the formal recep tion began at 11 o'clock, citizens, nqen and women, representing every social class, began to assemble in front of the beautiful portico of the historic white mansion, waiting an opportunity to enter and be presented to the presi dent. The first greetings of the day were extended to the president and Mrs. Roosevelt by tile vice president, mem bers of the cabinet and their ladies. without the least show of formality. These exchanges occurred in the pri vate room of the second floor of the mansion. While the presidential party was gathering above there was another assemblage in the state dining room on the first floor. There, in the prescrib ed attire of their respective courts, were the diplomatic repreesntatives accredited to this country. The cen tral figure in this company was Bar on Edmondo Mayar des Planches, the Italian ambassador. The greetings ex tended to him were characterized by manifestations of sorrow over the great calamity which his countrymen have suffered. Express Sympathy. When, at the head of the line of diplomats, he passed into the blue room, President Roosevelt shook his hand and assured him of the sincere sympathy of the American people for his stricken countrymen. Mrs. Roose velt expressed her sympathy also. The mourning, which also kept Special Am bassador Tong away, prevented Wu Ting Fang, the Chinese minister, from attending the reception. The descent of the presidential party from the private rooms to the blue room was one of the most picturesque features of the day. As the president and Mrs. Roosevelt started down the stairs, followed by others of the re ceiving party, a blare of trumpets re sounded throughout the mansion. The marine band played "Hall to the Chief." The reception was marked by infor mality. Chief Justice Fuller and the associ ate justices of the supreme court of the United States led the judiciary party, after which came the senators and representatives in congress. Brigadier J. Franklin Bell. ex-chief of staff, led the army, which was ful ly represented, all of the officers be ing in full dress uniform. The navy also was well represented. The officials of the government, rep resenting all important bureaus of the various departments, many of whom will retire to private life on March 4. were followed by representatives of various patriotic societies, which had en places of honor in the line. While the reception of those ac (Continued on Page Five.) e; , MISS ETHEL ROOSEVELT., PROGRESS IS MADE IN WORK OF RELIEF Italian Government, Assisted by Nations of the Earth, Is Putting Forth Every Effort to Quickly Relieve the Urgent Needs of Sufferers in Stricken Sicily---King and Queen Labor Devotedly Among Their Unfortunate Subjects. Rome, Jan. 1.-Although graphic stories are coming into Rome of the horrors in southern Italy and Sicily, these are but repetitions of individual tragedies already recorded. What chiefly concerns the government and the people is the progress that is be ing made toward the relief of those who have suffered by the dread visi tation. Considerable advance in this respect has been made at Messina, where, according to official reports re ceived here, the supply service is be ginning to work satisfactorily. The different regions of the coast have been allotted to various warships and other ships as centers from which tor pedo boats and launches may distrib ute rations and water to the different villages. The minister of justice ha stele graphed from Messina to Premier Glo litti that large bodies of troops have arrived and are now occupying all parts of the town. The appalling ex tent of the disaster makes anything like a systematic search of the ruins impossible, but persons are being dragged out continually and are be ing transported to the relief ships as soon as their wounds receive attention. Slight shocks were felt in the earth quake zone today, completing the ruins of the crumbling buildings. These shocks keep up the alarm of the pop ulation. One quite severe shock was felt at 3 o'clcok In the morning and another at 9. Fires art. still burning, although much rain has fallen. The latest investigations on both sides of the straits make it certain that many more than half the population of thie coast towns and villages have been killed. Professor Ricco, director of the observatory at Mount Etna, estimates that the victims of the earthquake ex ceed 200,000. Hundreds of dangerous criminals have been arrested by the troops and are under close guard. Great Relief. Great relief was felt here when the announcement was made that the Li parl islands, which were reported to have disappeared with their population of 28,000, suffered little or no dam age from the earthquake. Public opinion is greatly concerned with re gard to the safety of the king and queen and the possible danger from tottering walls. The king frequently has tried to persuade the queen to rest, or to return to Rome. but she has always refused, declaring that it would break her heart to abandon her husband. Deep Sorrow. New Year's day in Italy is usually a day of rejoicing as widespread as on Christmas. Imposing ceremonies are celebrated in the churches. But these ceremonies and the festal spirit are wanting today. Instead there were lamentations. The flags wave at halfmast and the bells of a thousand churches ring not for the Te Deum but toll sad knells for requiem masses. King Victor Emmanuel has been in defatigable. He has shown wonderful activity and endurance, leaving no point in Messina unvisited. He has supervised the entire work in the fall en city and his presence has infused new courage and energy into the res cuers. Often he is surrounded by a crowd of victims, who as though the sight of the king had restored their strength, enthustically shout "We have a king; we have a protector." Generous Spirit. A touching feature of the material aid offered by all classes of people in Rome is tile donation of clothing and bedding which the workmen are freel3 giving to collecting students. Reports from all parts of Italy indicate the same generous spirit. The king has placed the royal palaces at Naples and Caseta at the disposal of the injured. Princess Yolande, the 7-year-old daughter of the king, having had the reason for her parent's absence ex plained to her, carried about a contri bution box among her little friends at a party given in her honor at the Quirinal this afternoon. She herself put in the box her first tiny gold ring, which was given her on Christmas day her grandmother, Dowager Queen Margarita. Her young sister, Princess Mafalda, gave a gold chain, while Prince Umberto, the heir apparent, 4 years old, contributed a headless doll. Pouring In. Vessels loaded with refugees con tinue to stream into Naples and Pa lermo. The big emigrant steamer Nord Amerika arrived at Messina today. She can accommodate 1,500 persons, and four other vessels which are following her will he able to take off altogether 6.000 or more. It is the government's intention to remove all the survivors possible to the various Italian ports. As an instance of his grasp of the situation, the king, soon after his ar rival at Messina, telegraphed to Pre mier Giolitti: "Send ships and men; above all send ships loaded with quicklime." Sailors Gen rous. So far as has been possible quick lime has been used on the dead; many bodies have been burned and others buried. In the relief work the officers and men of the foreign warships have been untiring and their courage is be yond words. The crew of the British cruiser Drake gave up everything they possessed for the benefit of the ref ugees, and practically forgot rest and sleep for more than 36 hours in their devotion to duty. Reports are published that it is the king's Intention to sell his property in Sicily and devote the proceeds to the assistance of the sufferers. It is also toted that the pope will suppress the dioceses of Messina and Regglo, adding them to Catania and Catanzaro re spectively. A dispatch from Catania says that it is proposed to build a new suburh to that city and christen it Messina, quartering there all the sur vivors of the fallen city. CAMPS ARE INSTALLFD IN THE PUBLIC SQUARE Palermo, Jan. 1.-The steamer Quirli. nal arrived here today from Messina with 47 survivors, who were distrib uted, like the multitude of others ar riving here, among the hospitals and private residences. At Messina the Red Cross has installed numerous camps in San Martino square, from which the city is seen in appalling grandeur. Yesterday the physicians at tended 800 grievously wounded surviv ors. Refugees who have reached Pa lermo say that the stupor of those re maining at Messina has now given place to utter despair. POURING RAIN DRENCHES SURVIVORS AT MESSINA Catania, Jan. I.-A heavy rain con tinues to fall in Messina. increasing the suffering and making more diffi cult the work of rescue, but it is qluenching the fires and having a slightly purifying effect on the air. The distribution of fc,id has been or ganized. Bakeries have been opened and slaughtering houses established and it is hoped that by nightfall or. at the latest tomorrow morning, no one will be without food. The roads between here and Mee sina are filled with refugees. There are crowds of them at every station of the railroad and they are pouring into the main highways from outly ing villages, hamlets and huts. Some of them stagger along, overloaded with their possessions. The.re are others driving before them a donkey or a cow weighted down with house (Continued on Page Five.) GRAFIN VON BERNSTORFF. ii GRAF JOHANN VON BERNSTORFF ._=~~~~,.I .- . .. . . .. - RECEPTION IS HELD AT CUBAN CAPITAL Governor Magoon Presents Governmental Officials to Pres ident-Elect General Jose Miguel Gomez and Vice Executive Alfredo Zayas. Havana, Jan. 1.-The inaugural step toward the re-establishment of the Cuban republic was marked by the New Year's reception at the palace to day, when Governor Magoon formally presented the diplomatic representa tives and consular officers, the super visors of the governmental delpart ments, thl. judges of the supreme and minor courts, the presidents of thle commercial guilds, the representatives of the foreign and native press, th of ficers of the Cuban armed forces and many prominent citizens to the prodl dent-elect, General Jose Miguel Gonmez, and to the vice president-elect, Al fredo Zayas. The palace was beautiful ly decorated and Cuban military bands played during the reception, which lasted from la o'clock in the. morning until c o'clock in the afternoon. Magoon Receives. Governor Magoon received in the grand salon. HIe was attended by his aides in full dress uniform, with Gen eral (Gomez, Senor Zayas and the for tner American consul, Frank Stein hart, who was the official advisor of the governor during the whole period of intervention, standing at his right. The Spanish minister, R. Guaytan de Ayala, dean of the diplomatic corps, congratulated Governor Magoon on the success of the provisional government, which was about to end. He said: Impresses Them. "The exactness in keeping the prom ises of President Roosevelt in behalf of the intervening nation to res:cre Cuba to the exercise of self-govern ment impresses us with a sense of the high moral significance of the govern Inent, which conferred upon you this difficult and high mission and fills with joy the hearts of the Cuban Ip'o ,le Our -incere and best wishes ac company you. whether your govern ment finds an adequate place to utilize "nur services." The governor expressed his thanks. saying after referencet t t te success ful elections: Situation Excellent. "The new administration, therefore. assumes office supported by the con ridence of the country and the fran ýhise of the people. The commercial, Industrial and agricultural situation is excellent; law, order, peace, tranqutl ity and prosperitj have not only been establlshed but have prevailed for a sufficelnt period to justify the belief that such conditions will continue and are as permanent in Cuba as in other countries." Practically Complete. I'reparations for turning over the machinery of the government to the Incoming president are practically complete. Not the least disturbance in the governmental functions will attelnd th transfer of authority when Gien(,ral (bomenz takes the inaugural oath on January 28. REFUSES TO RETIRF ; Helena, Jan. 1.---A ste 'ial to the Independent from Millings states that E. W. Foster, present incumbent in the county clerk's office at Yellow stone, will not give up his office until the supreme court had decided the Jones-Carwile election contest. Jones was declared elected by the election board, but Carwile contested the elec tion and won the suit in the district court. Carwile will file proceedings against F.ster to obtain possession of the office. MRS. FELDBURG DIES. Helena, Jan. 1.-Mrs. Emma Feld burg, wife of one of Helena's pioneer merchants, died this morning at the home of her daughter after a long ill ness. While she was known to be dangerously ill from cancer, it was not thought that she would die so soon. Deceased was a resident of Helena for nearly two score years. AGED PIONEER DIES. Itozeman, Jan. 1.-William Nash, one of the oldest pioneers of this section, died at his ranch home near here after a long illness from general de bility, accentuated by muscular rheu matism., which caused a hemorrhage. IIe has six sons, who will act as pall hearers at his funeral, which will be held at the church of the Holy Ros ary to morrow. DEMOCRATS WIN. Moscow, Jan. 1 -The municipal elec tions here today resulted in victory for the constitutional democrats who elect ed 79 out of 138 councilman. NATIONAL AID FOR SICILY PLANNED PRESIDENT WILL REQUEST CON GRESS TO PROVIDE SUCCOR FOR SUFFERERS. RELIEF FUND INCREASES Private Subscriptions to Aid Vietims of Disastrous Earthquake Are Beki Raised in Every State and Almeet Every City Throughout the Couatry -News From Americans. \ashhmgton, Jan. 1.-Instead of taking a day's vacation, as had beet planned originally, President Roose velt will remain at his office to cm aider how best the nation may show in a substantial way its sympathy for the Italian people in their great hour of need and distress. As an outcome of the day, the president hopes to be ablb to fomulate a message to con gress, to be laid before that body when it convenes Monday, recom mending specific action of the part of this nation. The president has asked Senator Hale, acting chairman of the commit tee on appropriations and chairman of the committee on naval affairs, to discuss the matter with him tomorrow. For a similar purpose the president will invite members of his cabluet. Secretary of State Root, Secretary Newberry and Assistant Secretary Ba con. The views of several leaders of the house will probably be ascer tained during the day by the preai dent. Reported Safe. The question of diversion of the supplies designed for the fleet on its arrival in the Mediterranean sea, of a direct appropriation to be sought at the hands of congress for the relief of the people of southern Italy and other proposed measures of relief will be considered in all their phases at the conference at the White House to morrow. Several persons believed to have been in the earthquake zome In Italy regarding whom information was asked, are reported safe in the dispatches received at the state de partment today. James Wood of Mount Klzo, N. Y., reported he had a telegram from Miss Katherine Davis of that place, whose whereabouts are not stated, but who calls for money to aid the sufferers. G. C. DeHart of Elizabeth, N. Y.. reported that Mary Sherman of Elisa beth is safe. John D. Urso of Pittsburg asked the department for inorfmatlon regarding Stellarce D. Urso Giozanni, cashier of the Bazlo consume city hall, Messina. No Information. Itegarding William H. Bishop, con sul at Palermo, the state department is of the opinion that he ought to be there. However, no informntion has been received from him. A dispatch from Consul Gale at Malta says he has no details rwgard ing the destruction by earthquake in Messina. American Consul Crownsfleld, at Na ples, telegraphs that he has sent an agent to Messina. Money Pouring In. Denver, Colo.. Jan. 1.--Oenerous re sponses are coming in to the appeal issued by the Italian consul at Denver for relief of the Italian earthquake victims. Italians throughout New Mexico. Arizona. Colorado and Wyo ming are pouring in their subscriptions to help their countrymen. Generous responses have also been received to the appeal of the United Catholic so ciety of Denver. Boston lioston. Jan. 1.--The Massachusetts officers of the Ancient Order of HI brninas today issued a call for sub , riptions for the Italian earthquake sufferers. The money will be for warded to Archbishop O'Connell for listributlon. Springfield. Splringfleld. Mass., Jan. 1.-Approxi mately $200 has been raised here for the Italian earthquake fund in the lst two days. Bishop Beaver has laeued an appeal to all Catholics for a relief. fund which shall be sent to Pope Plus for distribution. Burlington. Burlington, Vt., Jan. 1.-A call for aid for the Italian sufferers has been issued by the Vermont branch of the Red Cross. Charleston. Charleston. S. C.. Jan. 1.-The Italian, colony of Charleston is contributing a fund through the Red Crose society for the relief of the earthquake suf ferers. Frankfort. Frankfort. Ky.. Jan. 1.-An appeal will be made to citizens of Kentucky by Governor Willson for funds to aid the earthquake sufferers of Italy and Sicily. A good donation is expected. Detroit. Detroit, Jan. l.-Governor Warner issued an appeal today for prompt and generous contributions for the relief of the suffering Italians. LaCrosse. LaCrosse. Wis., Jan. I.-Right Rev. Bishop James Schwebach of the La Crosse diocese today Issued an order for a collection in all of the 0,I churches of the diceese on Sunday, January 10, for the Italian earthquake sufferers.