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STHE DAILLY MISSOULIAN [ omorroL. -Wrmr, XXXV. NO. 25. MISSOULA, MONTANA, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1909. PRICE IV VOL. XXXV. NO. 256. MISSOULA, MONTANA, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 16, 1909. PRICE FIVE C NET RESULTS ARE THREE LAWS BILLS PROVIDING FOR PAYMENT OF LEGISLATIVE EXPENSES ARE APPROVEC. NORRIS SIGNS MEASURES Eleventh Assembly of Montana Com pletes Second Week of Its Seslion Two Proposed Acts Are Killed and a Total of 117 Others Are Now Be fore the Two Houses. Special to The Daily Missoulian. Helena, Jan. 15.-Neither senate nor house spent to exceed an hour in ses sion today and before noon both bod ies adjourned until Monday afternoon. Governor Norris signed the bills ap propriating money for legislative ex penses, 'including the per diem of members and employes and the three bills are the net results of the first two weeks of the session. When adjournment came today there was the grand total of 117 bills in both houses of which 80 originated in the house. Two of these have been killed and three have become laws. In the senate, CowgRl offered a res olution excluding every person from the floor except senators, members of the house, authorized press represen. tatives and state officials. That would have kept the wives of the senators out, and it was voted down. Two bills were favorably reported by committees, one providing that county commlssioners may offer rewards for the capture of escaped criminals and the other provides for the establish ment of a executive reference bureau in connection with the state library. One bill was introduced, by Salway, providing for detaching Jefferson county from the Fifth judicial district and attaching it to Lewis and Clark, the First judicial district. In the house, in committee of the whole, the bill to adopt and legalize the 1907 edition of the revised codes was favorably acted upon. The committee on affairs of cities, which has had the anti-pool bill iA charge, reported recommending that action be deferred, saying the author, King, desired to offer several amend ments before the bill was reported. The bill appropriating money to pay the expenses of the presidential electors was favorably reported, as was that amendinigthe law relating to the elec tion of directors of irrigation districts. The committee on employes recom mended the employment, as a clerk, of Miss Genevieve Haggerty, and the re port was adopted. Bills Introduced. Bills were introduced as follows: By Duncan-Relating to the con struction of dams, dykes and em bankments for the purpose of storing water and providing for the inspec tion thereof by the state engineer, to provide penalties for violation and to repeal conflicting sections. By Norton-To amend section 3315, chapter 3, part 4, political code, relat ing to the qualifications of police of By Norton-To amend section 3257, relating to duties of city treasurers. Referred to committee on affairs of cities. By Warren-Regulating the hours of labor at all state institutions. By Pomeroy-To prevent the shoot ing of human beings by persons In pursuit of game or game birds and to prevent such persons shooting at such persons, domestic animals, or other objects supposed to be game which subsequently proves not to be, and providing punishments and penalties therefor. By Gray-To amend section 3418, re vised codes, extending the time of payment of installments on city im provements. By Werner-To declare February 12, of each year, a legal holiday to be known and designated as "Lincolq's Birthday." By Hall-Granting to the council of any incorporated city or town power to fix and establish reasonable rates and charges for gas, electric or other lights and electric or other power sold within its limits. By Shoemaker-To provide for an examination by the commissioner of insurance of all insurance companies, including surety companies, organised under the laws of this or any other state, territory or foreign country, and to provide for expenses incurred in making such examinations and to pro vide for, publishing the result of such examinations, and relating to the re vocation of licenses and to provide penalties for the violations of the pro visions of this act. By Gray-To provide for corporal punishment for wife beaters and per sons who live upon the earnings of fallen women. By Coit-To amend sections 8474 and 8475, making it unlawful to herd or drive livestock upon another's land, providing penalties therefor and to give right of action for damages. By Lehrkind-To amend revised codes, relating to licenses of insurance companies and agents. By Lehrkind-To provide that the state auditor shall also be designated as commissioner of insurance, ex offi cio and to provide for the appointment of a deputy state auditor who shabt be known as deputy inspector of in surance and to fix his salary and to provide for the employment of an act uary. Notioes of Bills. Notice of bills were given as fol lows: To amend section 1361, revised codes, (Continued on ,Page Six.) HEAVY RAINS THREATEN FLOODS DOWNPOUR I8 IN PROGRESS ALONG NORTHERN PACIFIC FROM EVARO TO SPOKANE. SNOW MELTING RAPIDLY Storm Coupled With Thaw Resulting From Warm Wave Is Swelling Washington Rivers to Dangerous Degree and Uneasiness Is Felt- Roads in California Are Tied Up. Advice was received in Missoula late last night to the effect that heavy rain is falling at nearly all points on the Northern Pacific railroad from Evaro to Spokane and ,that the rail road and express official4 feared damaging floods will be the result. In fact, reports came that the mild weather, which has prevailed welt of Trout Creek for the past two days, has thawed much of the snow whioh fell during the recent storm, and has swelled the Washington streams to an alarming extent, causing great uneasi ness. At Evaro and points west on the Rocky Mountain division a warm wind is said to be blowing, accompanied by a very heavy rain. The deep snow on the mountain sides is rapidly melting and much anxiety is felt among the railroad officials lest a disastrous flood should result. Apprehensive that flood trouble • is pending, the western officials of the Northern Express company have ad vised the local officers not to accept any perishable goods for shipment ex cept on "owner's risk" contracts. Oth er goods may be received subject to a delay which may be of an indefinite nature. The Missoula officials of the North ern Pacific stated last night that while they did not believe the west end of this division was in any flood danger, the Idaho officials declared that it looked decidedly dubious for the state of Washington, where the snowfall has been extraordinary and is thawing rapidly. Engineer Loses Life. San Francisco, Jan, 15.-Beyond the destruction of the Southern Pacific Railroad company's bridges at Sacra mento and the Western Pacific's crossing near there, the damage re sulting from the great rainstorm which has deluged the central part of California for the last week is slight. The danger is not over, how ever, if the rain continues, though apparently the storm is passing. So far very little of the grain land in the Sacramento and San Joaquin val leys has been inundated, and the crest of the flood has passed many of the most dangerous points. The principal danger is about Sac ramento and Stockton, where an im mense spread of farming land will be under water if the levees give way. Tonight's reports from those points are reassuring, At Southern Pacific headquarters here it is reported that four overland trains are stalled across the American river from Sacramento, owing to the loss of the bridge yes terday. The Western Pacific bridge over the American river at Sacra mento went out last night so sudden ly that the engine and six cars of a gravel train were carried down with it, and the engineer lost his life. Roads Are Blooked. Reno, Jan. 15.-A long-distance tele says the Southern Pacific railroad bridges along the American river have been washed out by floods, cut ting off all overland routes, and that it will be two or three days be fore trains can get through. The only trains coming into Reno are those from the east. Branch roads north to Oregon and south on the Virginia & Truckee roads are blocked by bad washouts. The storm still continues. Circuitous Route. Ogden, Utah, Jan. 15.-For the first phone message from Sacramento time in the history of the Southern Pacific railroad through passenger trains are not running west from Og den, but are being diverted at this point and sent south and west over the Oregon Short Line and San Pe dro lines to Mojave, southern Cali fornia, and thence north to San Fran cisco. The washouts west of here have caused the Southern Pacific to issue orders that their trains arriving this afternoon shall be sent by the circuitous route via Salt Lake, and the first trains to be affected are Nos. 9 and 1, the westbound fast mail and the overland limited. All Southern Pacific trains will be operated out of here for a period of four days, ac cording to officials who know of the extent of the flood damages. READS WHILE SCHOOL BURNS. Redding, Cal., Jan. 15.-The chapel and classroom building at the Klamath Indian agency near Klamath Falls, Ore., was destroyed by fire late last night. The loss is $32,000. When the tire was under good headway a search was made for the night watchman, who, it was feared, had perished in the flames. He was found reading a book In the basement of a distant building. He had not heard of the fire. PICKS UP CABLE. Seattle, Jan. 15.-The cable operator )f the United States cable ship Burn side talked to Sitka yesterday over the laslka cable, which had been picked Ip during the day by the Burnside. HO! FOR THE "HOBO" CONVENTION 5~~~(L~ /,P~· 5;; ......--/ 10 iFORESTRY SERVICE IS ATTACKED AGAIN WOOLGROWERS RENEW THEIR ASSAULT UPON POLICIES OF GOVERNMENT BUREAU. Pocatello, Idaho, Jan. 15.-The sec ond day's session of the convention of the National Woolgrowers' associa tion in this city was marked by an other attack on the forest reserve policy. E. S. Gosney of Flagstaff, Ariz., in an address this afternoon declared that justice to the sheepmen, of the west demands a change in the present methods of administrating range control. "The power of the forestry service is three-fold-legislative, executive and judicial," said he. "They make their own laws or rules, decide our rights and enforce their own decrees. In the judicial function of the service lies the greater danger. It passes upon our rights involving thousands of dollars, often without evidence, save reports from forest employes, whose unreliability is a byword in the west." Mr. Gosney asserted that he could cite numerous instances in his own state where favoritism, prejudice and graft have entered in the adminis tration of the national forests. A limit must be placed upon the possibilities of the wrongdoer within the forest service as well as else where in the government service. Charles F. Winter of Encampment, Wyo., spoke on the necessity of main taining the existing tariff on wool, declaring that the industry cannot stand any reduction in the present rate. Major Fred R. Reed of Shoshone, Idaho, spoke briefly on Idaho irriga tion and the opportunities presented in this state for an extension of the wool industry. John Clay of Chicago indorsed the Chicago wool storage plan. After the electing of officers and selecting the place of meeting for 1910, the convention will adjourn. The address of Francis Perry El liott was as follows: Elliott's Address. "Public lands of the United States have ever been the shining target for some adventurous game. Just now there is a scheme of confiscation men acing the remnant that is left; it is presented to congress adroitly dis guised as an effort at conservation and regulation of our western range. "It is difficult to make plain all at once that western people have no criticism, but only the highest praise and gratitude for the institution of forest reserves; hard to lead readers to understand that that which is under the ban is not the institution, (Continued on Page Six.) CONSERVE RESOURCES OF TREASURE STATE Special td The Daily Missoulian. Helena, Jan. 15.-As a result of the meeting here yesterday and today of the land and forest conservation com mission, a bill will be presented to the legislature next week for the con servation of the resources now owned I by the state. House and senate land committees conferred with the com missioners today and the bill will em- I body the recommendations and wis- I dom of all. "GEORGIA" ARRIVES. Marseilles, Jan. 15.-The battleshin Georgia arrived here today from Port Said. The Nebraska, Rhode Island and New Jersey are expected shortly. All I arrangements for the reception of the r vessels have been completed. The Georgia was greeted by a large I crowd that had assembled on the wa- i terfront. WILSON IS INDICTED ON CONSPIRACY CHARGE Special to The Daily Missoullan. Helena, Jan. 15.-Former United States commissioner James Wilson of Malta has been indicted jointly with, B. D. Phillips on the charge of having conspired with 100 other persons to defraud the government of 32,000 acres of land. Wilson was arrested and arraigned today. He was given 30 days In which to plead. It is charged in the indictment that the other conspirators swore to the false declaratory statements before Wilson, as commissioner. A GENERAL STRIKF IS DECLARED TWENTY-FIVE THOUSAND HAI WORKERS INVOLVED IN OR DER TO WALK OUT. New York, Jan. 15.-A general strike of hat workers that may in volve some 26,000 workers was in augurated in the hat manufacturing centers of the country today, as the result of a decision of the Associated Hat Manufacturers to discontinue the use of the union label in the factor ies represented in the association. Re ports received tonight indicate that the hatters in this vicinty, including those in the factories in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut, have generally obeyed the order to strike. There was no signs of disorder any where. A conference of representa tives of labor unions using the labels is to be called by the American Fed eration of Labor to consider the mat ter, it was declared, and a large sum of money has been appointed to car ry on the fight. The manufacturers have called a meeting, to be held here Sunday, to consider the situation. Four Thousand Strike. Newark, N. J., Jan. 15.-Four thou sand workers* In the hat factories in Orange struck this morning when they were notified by their employers that no union labels would be per mitted in the hats produced in the Orange factories. It is understood that the order promulgated today was decided upon at a recent meeting of the Associated Hat Manufacturers, The entire hat manufacturing industry of the country may be affected. Seventy-five hat factories, employ ing from 20,000 to 25,000 persons, were affected by a decision of the Asso ciated Hat Manufacturers promul gated today to discontinue the use of the union label in all the factories represented in the association. At Orange, N. J., 4,000 walked out, and at Brooklyn 500 mep went on strike. Following the receipt of the order discontinuing the use of the label, the national board of the United Hatters of America, having about 25,000 mem bers, ordered all the men that be longed to that union to walk out. WARM WEATHER AT BUTTE. Butte, Jan. 15.-Exceptionally warm weather for this season in Butte was experienced today, a chinook wind from the west causing a heavy thaw of snow. Warmer weather is pre dicted for tonight and tomorrow. The breaking of the cold snap is rapidly removing the difficulties of railroad operation in Montana, and the service is expected to be about normal within the next 24 hours. RESOLUTION ADOPTED. Sacramento, Cal., Jan. 16.-The as sembly adopted today the joint senate resolution introduced by Senator Wolfe at the request of the supervisors of San Francisco, asking congress to grant to San Francisco the Hetchey water rights. STRONGLY OPPOSED TO OIYVISION SCHEME BUSINESS MEN MEET AT KALIS PELL AND DISCUSS NEW COUNTY PROPOSITION. Special to The Daily Missoulian. Kalispell, Jan. 15.-Strong opposition to all schemes contemplating the divi sion of Flathead county developed this afternoon at a meeting of business men of the county, held in the rooms of the local chamber of commerce. The gathering was called for the es pocial purpose of discussing the prop osition of creating a new county and was attended by a large and enthu siastic body of men whose interests would be affected one way or the other by the proposed change. While there were some to champion the cause of division the majority was emphatically against it. The matter was discussed from every standpoint and the pre vailing opinion at the close of the meeting was that such benefits as might result from the creation of an infant county, would accrue, princi pally to townsite promoters and office seekers. Secretary W. B. Rhodes of the chamber of commerce read a compre hensive paper outlining the standing of Flathead county, financially and other wise, and giving a clear view of con ditions that would confront the peo ple should a division be aceompliashed. He presented figures to show that any of the division schemes now urged would give the new county a popu lation of about 3,000, leaving about 15,000 in the parent county. To those who had not studied the matter care fully this was surprising information. Among those opposed to any change was C. I. Onell, one of the principal owners of the Dawson Lumber com pany, which is one of the largest con cerns operating in Libby. He declared that his company, as well as the greater number of smaller concerns were opposed to any division. Attorney G. F. Maiden advanced the opinion that while there is a large number in the railroad towns in favor of division, the majority of con servative residents does not look with favor upon the scheme. It was his be lifo that only an east and west divi sion would benefit Libby if any ad vantage at all could result from a change. H. f. Cannon and G. M. Houtz were inclined to favor division. But the consensus of opinion was that a divi sion of any kind would add to the present burden to the old county and create a new one which would not be capable of sunporting itself. For this and other reasons the majority went on record as unfavorable to any change. PORTION OF TRAIN JUMPS INTO RIVER Vancouver, B. C., Jan. 15.-Brief news of a terrible accident on the Canadian Pacific reached Vancouver late this afternoon. Two locomotives and four cars are believed to have jumped into the river pear Spuzzum. It is certain that the two locomotives went into the river and that Engineers Foster and Kin zaden, both of Vancouver, have been killed. The train was a local passenger i made up at Medicine Hat on Wednes day night. One report says that four cars are in the river, the engines turned over, no passengers killed but many are injured. MIFTY-81X ARE KILLED. Veszprem, Hungary, Jan. 15.-The explosion of firedamp in the Auka coal mine here yesterday resulted in the death of 66 men. Of 240 men en tombed 184 were taken out alive. SEES DANGER OF POWER TRUST ROOSEVELT SOUNDS NOTE OF WARNING AGAINST A WATER RIGHT MONOPOLY. STRIKES DECISIVE BLOW Vetoes Bill Providing for Power Dam Across James River and Declares That Unless This Important Matter is Controlled Now, History of Oil Ootupus Will Be Repeated. Washington, Jan. 15.-President Roosevelt today sent a special message to the house with his veto of the bill providing for the construction of a dam across the James river In Stone county, Missouri, the purpose of the darm being to get water to create elec tric power. He declared that the movement to secure control of the wa ter power of the country is still In its infancy, but that "unless it is con trolled the history of the oil industry will be repeated in the hydro-electril power industry, with its results far more impressive and disastrous for the people. "It is true," he added, "that the great bulk of our potential water power is as yet undeveloped, but the sites which are now controlled by combina tions are those which offer tlh great est advantages and therefore a stra tegio position." He says that the bills give the gran. tee valuable privileges, which in Its very nature is monopolistic and does not contain the conditions essential to protect the public interest. "I consider myself bound," he con tinues, "as far as exercise of my ex ecutive power will allow, to do for the people, in preventing of monopoly of their resources, what I believe they would do for themselves If they were in a position to act." The message came at the close of the day and was received indifferent ly. After Its reading it was referred to the committee on interstate and foreign commerce. The message fol lows: President's Message. "To the House of Representatives: I return herewith v,'i:i;-,i' my approval, House Bill 17707, to authorize William H. Standish to construct a dam aar.,sb James river, in Stone county, Missou ri, and divert a portion of its waters through a tunnel into the said river again, to create electrib power. My reasons for not signing the bill are: "The bill gives to the grantee a valuable privilege which, by its very nature, is monopolistic, and does not contain the conditions essential to protect the public interest. "I have decided to sign no bills hereafter which do not provide specif ically for the right to fix and make a charge and for a definite limitation in time of the rights conferred. "As we are met with conditions of industry seriously affecting the pub lic welfare, we should not hesitate to adopt measures for the protection of the public merely because these meas. urea are new. When the public wel fare is involved congress should re solve any reasonable doubt as to its legislative power in favor of the peo ple and 'against the seekers for a spe cial privilege. Has the Power. "My reason for believing that the federal government, in granting a license to dam a navigable river has the power to impose any conditions it finds necessary to protect the public, including a charge and a limitation of the time, is that its consent is legally essential to an enterprise of this char acter. It follows that congress can impose conditions upon its consent.. "Believing that the national govern. ment has this power, I am convinced that its power ought to be exercised. The people of the country are threat ened by a monopoly far more powerful, because in far closer touch with their domestic and industrial life than any thing known to our experience. A single generation will see the exhaus tion of our natural resources of oil and gas and such a rise in the price of coal as will make the price of electri cally transmitted water power a con trolling factor in transportation, in manufacturing and in household light ing and heating. Our water power alone, if fully developed and wisely used, is probably sufficient for our present transportation, industrial, mu nicipal and domestic needs. Most of It is undeveloped and is still In nation al or state control. An Act of Folly. "To give away, without conditions, this, one of the greatest of our re sources, would be an act of folly. If we are guilty of it, our children will be forced to pay an annual return upon a capitalization based upon the highest prices which the traffic will bear. They will find themselves face to face with powerful interests In trenched behind the doctrine of vest ed rights and strengthened by every defense which money can buy and the ingenuity of able corporation lawyers can devise. Long before that time they may and very probably will have be come a consolidated interest, controlled from the great financial centers. dic tating the terms upon which the citi zens can conduct his business or earn his livelihood and not amenable to the wholesome check of local option." Information collected by the bureau of corporations, says the president, shows that 13 large concerns, of which? the General Electric company and the Westinghouse Electric & Manufactur (Continued on Page Six.) HIGH SCHOOL DEBATE MISSOULA SPEAKERS ARE D0. FEATED IN JEFFERSON COUNTY TOWN. JUDGES ARE UNANIMOUS Garden City Institution is Eliminated From State Championship Contest for This Year-Vanquished Are e Guests of Victors at Danei, IReRp. tion and Informal Banquet. Special to The Dally Mlssoulian. Boulder, Jan. 15.--Boulder was the winner of the opening debate of the Interscholastic season, getting the unanimous decision of the judges over Missoula. The question was "Resolved, That the United States should maintain an offensive as well as a defensive navy." Mlssonla had the affirmative side of the question. The debaters were Earl Hughes, Mer ritt Owaley and Ruth Wilson for Mis soula; Agatha Waller, Stella Tate and Benjamin Forbes for Boulder. The judges were John Berkin of Butte, Judge J. Miller Smith of Hel ena and County Attorney H. a Hep ner of Lewis and Clark county. A large crowd attended the debate. which was held In the assembly room of the high school building, and to night the visitors are the guests at the Boulder students at a dance, re ception and informal banquet. When the judges at Boulder seid against the Missoula team last eW ning they eliminated the Garden d W school from the' state champiosh)p contest for this year. FIRST TRAIN ARRIVES. Reno, Nev., Jan. 15.-The first east bound passenger train to arrive here Is 87 hours was the overland limited at 10:45 tonight. On account of the li bridge of the Southern Pacific at Elvra being carried away, westbound pwss sengers are transferred at Ben Al, 2t mllh s east of Racramento, and car ried by automobile to the North. m Electric road, one and one-half amng distant, and transported into SBara mento. Rain is reported falling along the route of the road for 50 miles west 0? here and washouts and derallmente are feared. MAROONED ON 18LAND. Eureka, Cal., Jan. 15.-Enclosed fn an airtight bottle, the following me. sage was found near Samoa, Cal; "November IS, 1908. Whoever flnbs this message will please notify the United States revenue service that we are on an unknown Island in the Pa~ cftic ocean, near Hawaiian Islands. Pe ter Johnson, Nels Peterson, John Isaacksen." The bottle containing the =meesage bore evidences of having been In the water a long time. FIGHT TO BE RENEWED. Denver, Jan. 15.-The Timse today says: E. H. Harriman has orde the engineering department of the Union Pacific railroad to at nace par allel the lines of the Colorado & aoutb ern in the northern part of the state. A construction force of over 1.00 ae will be thrown into the field as soop as they can be organised, and a re newal of the fight between ]Harrimae and James J. Hill is in prospect. TO INSPECT GRAINS. Washington, Jan. 16.-The oesat. committee on agriculture today ae thorized a favorable report of the McCumber bill providing for the in spection and grading of grains. Under this bill national inspections and grad ing of grains is provided for and the department of agriculture sl author ized to fix definite grades. In addition to the present laboratories others are to be established at Seattle, Taooma and San Francisco and other points. AID FOR ITALIANS. Special to The Daily Missoulian. Wallace, Jan. 15.-A neat sum was realized last night by a dance given in Wallace by local Italians for the benefit of their countrymen in south ern Italy. With the money raised last night Wallace has contributed over $500 to aid the Italians. Miners of the Hercules mine raised $100 in cash in less than an hour for the earthquake victims. PROMINENT TEACHER DIES. Portland, Ore., Jan. 16.-Miss Helen F. Spalding, for many years a teacher in the public schools in this city and a well-known educator, is dead. She came to Portland 36 years ago and prior to that time she taught in Buch tel college, Ohio, and in WestbrooL seminary, Maine. She retired as a public teacher in this city In 18i1. She was greatly interested in clubs for the advancement of women. BOMBARDS GERMAN BOAT. Konakry, French Guinea, Jan. 16.- News has just been received here that the Liberian customs gunboat Lark has bombarded a German steamer of the Woerman line off the elst. of Liberia. The reason for this action Is not given. A German guardsbip frem Kamerun has sailed for Liberia. The Woerman line runs steamerse from Hamburg around Afriea.