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MPMiea 1Avery Day in the Year. MUIOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. iM and 181 West Main Street, Mis soula, Montana. lit red at the postoffios at Missoula, Montana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES (in Advanoe, Dally, one month ............... $0.75 Daily, three months ............. 2.26 Dailyl. si months ................. 4.00 Daily, one year ......... ...... 8.00 Weekly. one year .......... 1.50 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER Business Office 110 Editorial Rooms SUBtCRIBERS' PAPERS The Miusoulman is anxious to Sive the best carrier service; therefore sub soribers are requested to report faulty delivery at once. tn ordering paper ohanged to new address please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable to The Mis seullaa Publishing Company. SUNDAY. JANUARY 31, 1909. PASSING EVENTS. SLooking backward over the events of the seven days that have just oolsed, the week seems to have brought more than its share of stir -ring incidents. At home and abroad, history bi being made rapidly these days and in the excitement of the closing week of January, Montana has had her time well occupied with news of direct local concern. Foremost in importance of the happenings of the week, the declison of Judge Hunt in the famous smoke case which involved the question of enjoining the operation of the Washoe smelters at Anaconda, easily takes place; the refusal of the federal justice to take action that would result in the suspension of work at mines and smelters and factories and mills, has received general com mendation in the columns of the press of the state. Judge Hunt's eminently fair comment upon the case was read with deep interest all over Montana, as the matter was one which concerned practically every community in the state. The farmers who believe them selves aggrieved and injured are not denied redress, but they are informed that they must seek satisfaction through the prescribed channels and not demand snap judgment against a great industry, upon which tens of thousands of people are directly do. pendent. The comment of the state press has been practically unanimous in indorsement of the findings of the court. DIXON'S STATEMENT-Politically, as far as Montana Is concerned, the statement of Senator Dixon that he has not been, is not and will not be a candidate for appointment as secreo tary of the Interior in the Taft cabi net, has been of interest. For days the democratic press of the state had been fulsome in its praise of Senator Dixon and enthusiastic in urging him for the cabinet position. With its customary concern for the welfare of the republican party, the Butte Miner led the charge and it was "On, Dixon, on" seven days in the week and there ,were symptoms of extra editions when Mr. Dixon's statement put a new phase on the question. The Dixon position was not misjudged by his friends; it was believed, when the gossip was first started, that the talk was with out the knowledge of Mr. Dixon. much more without his consent; the formal statement from the senator confirms this belief and his friends in the state will be glad that he is fixed in his de termination to remain in the senate until his term expires. This will be disappointing to those who have been trying to make over the Montana po litical situation; but, as far as Mr. Dixon is concerned, it is evident that these reconstructors will have to get along without him. DELAYED RETVURN - Gceneral Warren is now speeding toward Wash ington with the vote of Montana on the presidential question tightly but toned in his inside pocket. The copy that the general carries is a duplicate of one that was forwarded by lmail to the vice president and the general. after having furnished a bit of a sen sation for a couple of days. appears to have the right of way at the federal capitol as unfinished business. It is said that he has a thousand dollars in his pocket with which to pay the fine for his delinquency, but h1e believes that he will not be required to pay it. as he feels certain that he can explain matters satisfactorily when he gets a chance to talk to Mr. Fairbanks. The general has a broken arm and natural tI enough does not wish to add a bro ken purse to his list of misfortunes. STATE LEGISLATION-At Helena, the politicians are astir over the ques tion of a primary-nomination law, to the enactment of which each party pledged Itself last fall, and if it were not for the fact that poolselling is likely to be declared illegal, it would be a profitable venture to lay odds that there will be no legislation in the primary-nomination class tt this session. As the matter stands at pres . ent, the senate and the house are at sizes and sevens in the matter of the enactment of a law of this sort; each has positive views as to what sort of primary nomination Montana should have and, at present, these views are irweoncilable. The senate has taken thb lead and its bill-lntloduced by Danima and indorsed by the senate re publicans-Is ready to go to the house. Meanwhile, in the house, differences are developing in the views that are entertained in that wing of the capi tol and there is small show of a com promise. POOLSELLING-Anent poolselling, the Ipast week has developed a situa tion at Helena which seems to indicate that the poolroom lobby has not been wasting its efforts at the capitol. A week ago, there was not a legislator who would defend the poolroom; the beginning of this week finds a few who are ready to express a doubt as to the wisdom of strenuous action against the sure-thing establishments which take in money and issue i)lts of colored pasteboard. But there is no doubt Of the nature of the sentiment in lutte in this respect; Butte is the city that, 'of all in the state, has been most af flicted, and she has gone on record as unqualifiedly opposed to the pool room. The suggestion that the matter be made a question of local option is t crafty step toward compromise, which should not win. FORESTRY INDORSED-The Na tional Livestock association has again gone on record in cordial indorsement of the forest reserve plan and of the Roosevelt system of administering the land laws. This is a case of history repeating Itself; last year the sheep men condemned the forest reserves and the general livestock association, meeting later, placed the stamp of its approval upon the entire Roosevelt land policy. This year, the sheep nmen were not quite so bitter; but they were against the government; they protested against the loss of the un limnted privileges which they have en joyed at the expense of thle public, and they condemned the policy that holds Ithe pulllt lands for the publli. But when the question canme up bIefore tihe, session of the general livestock tasso ciation, the Rtoosevelt policy had plhenty of friends, as it deserves to nave. In a few yealrs, we wil wonder that therte wa ever anybody who thought of opposlng the n.tional for ests. QUIETER AT WASHINGTON Congress has taken sober second thought during the week and has abated ItL noisy outburst against the president. The house has expunged the Willett tirade from its record and the New Yorker's fame will be epher rmal; posterity will never know what he did and how insufferably boorish he was in doing It. Rainey of Illinois broke loose in regard to the Panama canal matter and in an Intemperate speech rehashed the New York World's attack upon Mr. Roosevelt, Mr. Taft and some of their relatives. Mr. Rlaney has been promptly called downl and has already read in house session statements which disprove several of the important assertions which he made in his speech. Other evidence of the same sort is forthcoming and tihe formal legal inquiry Into the po sition of the New York newspaperP that have attacked the Panama deal is going on at a rate that promises definite results before long. There is no doubt that the president and Mr. Taft will be completely exonerated int the course of this Investigation. WIRELESS TRIUMPH-The wreck of the liner Republic early in the week developed striking Instances or splendid heroism; but there was noth ing in connection with the deplorable accident which was more impressive than the part played in the affair by the wireless telegraph. The mloment the Republic was known to be in dan ger, the wireless sent its call out across the ocean and through the fog, sounding the alarm anli sumnmoning aid. Back through thie darkness calme the repllies, promlising speedy help; out of their hiarhrs shot fleet reOvenue cut ters, the huge derelict destroyer at Martha's Vineyard cast loose its moor ings and sped toward the sinking ship; in their course huge liners paused, turned and hastened to the relief of their sister shill. A decade ago, that accident would have been terrible in its loss of life. In this instance, the mysterious force which makes pos slble the operation of tile wireless tel egraph brought aid where, under for mner conditions,'no llmessage could have been sent forth. It was a wonderful demnl.lll stration. Spain presents her compliments and is glad to annnouncet that tile man whlto told an 'arthtquaotki story at her ex p'nse Is inl the Pulltzer class. What doth it profit a mani if ihe sell his mine for a good sum and then hiketh to Slpkane with a womanl who setteth a fast pace? Of the first mnonth's work of the eleventh assembly, it may be said that. if it has done much good, it hasn't done any harm. The attempt to reach General Ga ien's base of supplies by a flank move nent resulted in the utter repulse of the enemy. There is an abundance of comfort for the careworn householder in the advertisements In The Mlssoultan this morning. Butte's reformation is certainly sin cere. She opposes poolrooms and Is actually sending criminals to the pen itentiary. The complete and absolute eligtility of Mr. Pulltzer to membership In the Anantas club Is being strengthened daily. Travel a little and you will discover that what seems a dull day In MIs soula would be called lively in some towns. Cuba's first steps are tottering, but she may strengthen with time and tra vel a good, strong gait. General Galen may yet be found at headquarters, undismayed by the at tack of the enemy. Missoula reads with amazement the tales of sleet and snow and suffering in Illinois and Iowa. Congressman Rainey is showing as good iseee-d in backing up as he did in plunging ahead. Messlin's plans for rehabllita Itoo reflect the force of San Fran cisco's example. It is mighty easy to see the bright side of things in Missoula if you just look around. In The Missoullan's advertising col umns this morning there Is genuins good cheer. The prudent purchaser will find profit in reanding the ads this morn ing. Approaching clouds presage the right sort of weather for Ground Hog day. The Land of the Mclntosh Red is the region that makes good. The man who looks for the worst of it usually gets it. Red Apples destroy red balances. OPENING A NEW EMPIRE '"ne other evening -. genltlemnan ehvoed me two apples, fair to see ant fine to eat, both purchased in our city markets, the one a Northern Spy, grown on the banks of the Genessee in New York, the other a Jonathan. its glowing colors lured into beauty far, far beyond the Missouri, writes Henry ,'. Cope in the World Today for Jan uary. The flrst had traveled over 600 I Iles to its market, the second 3000; etltnd yet they were on salhe in South Water street for preclsely the same irice --5 a barrel. As he contempllnated the nectar-laden globe frome the apple area of New York hee began, his eyes eloquent with mnentery'.a mist, to talk rof scenes we both knew there; but rlly ented wandeltlreld iand, even as he spoke, tiehans t'ieeee fromln that kind of coun try where- the Jonathan grew. He went back 40 years to when aprile trees we-re already Imanly int Monroe, county; I was goineg back to but 10 yeears and see-ing again the picture of a United States survey party, when we weVre running lines across an arid waste, "40 milelh, from butter," living off grlouse, fool IhnH and beans, and would have given a brace of grouse I for a bag of apples. And those Jona I thans acme from that killd of coun try, if not from the precise section! A box of those alluring and never dis mappointing beauties stands handy in h the Illhouse; their aroma never reaches me without its accompanying picture of that country, the-n so weary and empty, aeroess which our chainmen a cried their "Stlck," "Stuck," Conversion of Arid Waste. \Ve boast of the wonders of our western scene.ry; we speak with Jus tice', and only those who advertise their pirovincialismn by bragging of Europeon trav'el, differ, or are slow to admit its surplassing charm. But more wonderful by far than the Inaj esty of tihe mountain and the spell of pines thrown out against the sky, is this story of the conversion of the vast new world "beyond the river" from a desert Into a prolific source of agricultural and economic wealth. It is a romance, to the mind with a sense of economic significances, as thrilling as that of the Spanish and French pioneers on these shores. First, the maps with the "(treat American Des erts," the blank mountain ranges and the forests, profitless save to the trapper; then the rumors of gold, the rushl of the prospector and then the mushroom mining towns. Stop to look at those towns a mo ment; they might differ in a hundred details, but one characteristic marked them all, the heaps of tin cans from which the glory both within and with out had departed. These piles of food shells were ev\rywhere, glistening to day and gloomy with rust tomorrow; but they have a deep significance; they indicate the mind of the prospector and lliner as to the resources of that whlole counlltry. For tllell it had none beyond tile gold or silver or copper; everytlling besides must be freighted ill, t conlldition good for the breed of mules, but hard oni the morals of driv ers and evidencing striking myopia in tile minds of the nten. Credit Due the Chinaman. Then cam11e tihe' ('hinallima1. It' start ed little truck patches onl the edge of tile camnls and inl his swinging baskets brought lettuce and onions and all the "green truck" to tile cabin door. I wonder whether we do not owe mnore than we are apt to acknowledge to A Gilt-Edge 6% Investment Improvement District Warrants issued by the Town of Belgrade, Montana, running seven years in payment for Concrete Walks, Curb ing and Crossings, in denominations of $2 50., total issue $1 8,ooo. First lien on $350,000 worth of centrally located real estate and improvements in a Town without other bonded indebtedness which has doubled in population in two years. Belgrade has four grain elevators, a 350 barrel flour mill, a gravity water system, electric light, a bank with deposits of $150,000, and located in the center of the Gallatin Valley, famous for its agricultural resources. Thorough legality of all Council proceedings relative to this issue guaranteed. Interest payable annually. Price: Par and accrued interest, in lots to suit. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION WRITE CHAS. VANDENHOOK Cashier Belgrade State Bank BELGRADE MONTANA that "fool Chinee," as men called him when he tried to make things grow in that desert. He was the pioneer Irrigator. Productive West. Today it would be a pleasant thing to take that oft-quoted man who once said that the whole country west of the Mississippi could never raise so much as a peck of oni,)ns, and show him ohat has been done. I would show him onions all along that north ern tier of states clear to Puget sound; I would give him ancient history in onions, "one hundred and thirty thou sand bushels in Montana 10 years ago," in that state known only for cop per milines and cattle. Nor onions al.i.. I would show him In South I)ak,,ta barley that netl nearly $40 per acre, over $30,000,000 in wheat, and plum orc hards nettingK from $1000 to $3000 clear; in Montana, wheat, oats, barley, sugar beets and alfalfa, the latter running five tons to the acre, with many farms-not ranches-pro ducing 56 bushels of oats, 43 of barley and 225 of potatoes per acre; prune and apple and plum orchards in Idaho, and Washington with its over 20,000, 000 bushels of wheat, besides much oats, barley and other crops from Its 33,000 farms. And, last, I would leave him with a box of those Washington strawberries in his hands and their taste in his mouth, and see what he would say about onions then. Wonderful Change. It is a wonderful change that has come about within those last few years, more magnificent than the dis covery of a new world, for this is our own land; it lies at our doors; it waits for us to enter in. No man can accurately compute the increment It has already meant in wool, horses, cattle, wheat, fruits, vegetables, not to mention the millions in gold and other metal still being produced, nor the perhaps equally significant physical development and psychical enlarging of those Who have opened up this new world.' Lands to Be Had Easily. Do some men say: "This is all very well, but the opportunities are now all gone; there are new lands to be had." The man who talks in that way ought to be taught that opportunity is always past for the one who waits for somebody to come and kick him out of sleep into success. Yet that kind of man needs this new world, and he will become an oppor tunity creator when he gets Into its b)racing environments. So we must pint out the fallacy of the altogether too colimmon statement that this Is no longer the land of opportunity. There are literally millions of acres of good farming land open for hymnestead entry hn the northwestern states. , Your good old Uncle Sam is waiting for you to go and pick out a 160-acre farm for yourself. Do not think, either, that you must pass through the nerve racking experience of drawing for lots or a mild free-for-all rush for de sirable sites. Any citizen of the United States, or even one who has declared his citizenship Intention, may select 160 acres of unoccupied public lands and make his entry for them at the land office of the district where they are situated. After that practically all that is required is a bona fide cul tivation of that tract as a farm, and It is yours. In the Dakotas the fee runs from $14 to $18, in Montana from $16 to $22. These are the states where the greatest area of unoccupied homestead land remains and these are the states where the largest opportunities for profitable farming are found today. The Highway Comes. Last sulnlner I saw a number of these new homestead tracts, many of them strung along the Chicago, Mil waukee & St. Paul railway's exten sion into that country; green patches In what the unobservant would still call a desert, but prophetic of the very sAme kind of opulent farms, slightly older, that stood by the tracks of the same road farther east, and suggesting accessible markets and ready com munication with the denser world of the central states. And, mind you, many of these farms were far away from means of irrigation; they were dry farms, for it has now been estab lished beyond peradventure, that, nec essary as irrigation may be to truck farming and to horticulture, these "deserts" have sufficient subsoil mois tulre to produce not merely crops, but heavy crops that fill up bank books quickly. Do you ask why this country re moalned desert so long and what causes are today operating to make it blos soum like a rose? The answer simply is: a highway is there. The desert al ways will be a desert until "a highway shall be there." It may be that the greatest evidence of faith in any day are blue-prints that lie in railroad of flees, the diagrams of civil and me chanical engineers. Go over the 3000 miles of Lewis and Clark's Missouri river trip to where they made their caclhe on tile Beaverhead. or over the weary trail of the prairie schooners All Members of the Family Enjoy Garden City Standard Beer At this, as well "ig at all seasons of the year, it is the ideal beverage. Its flavor is superb, its health-giving qual ities unsurpassed. Order a Case Now Phone No. 125 GARDEN CITY BREWING CO. and then say: "Now let us build a liermanent roadway for modern loco motives and cars, a road of safe and easy gradients through these moun tains, to far beyond our father's re mnotest stopping points, clear through, a new road right to Puget Sound." And there you have the audacity of faith. Faith Leads to Results. Men are not building a road like that through a country that will long re main desert; no corporation dare make an investment that promises no re turns along the way. This new road, from the central states clear through to the coast, the Paclfc extension of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway, built up to the standards and specifications of the best roads any where in America, not a string of steel and ties laid on a slight longitudinal ridge of dirt, but a real railroad, is taking more than simple sound sense for its projection and construction; it takes sublime faith. Wonders of Construction. I have never met a man who has seen its long cuts and fills, its steel bridges and its heavily ballasted way, who did not express in some way his sense of the same wonder. Already one may ride in modern through sleep ing cars over a new roadway, through new country to Butte, Mont., and I suppose, judged by the way the work is being pushed, it will not be long be fore the road will be opened to Seat tie. Then one will be able to make the trip to the coast without ever striking a grade greater than one and a half per cent, or an elevation greater than 6200 feet, though still viewing the impressive mountain scenery. You have only to see, as I have seen, the $2,000,000 bridge at Mobridge, S. D., or to know that, in order to make a good road and preserve a straight track, this one crosses the Musselshell no less than 115 times in 117 miles, to recog nize that this means permanent, safe business. Surely one may express such impressions and do some justice to the faith that works such wonders, without the thought of holding any brief for this system. If you have ever seen one home stead turned from desert into many waving fields of rich grain, if you have ever seen the long wharfs at Seattle, or the many ships on the sound, you will know why this road is being built, and how certain is the flow of set tlers over those steel ribbons, and how fortunate those who first enter in. And, if you have been through Silver Bow canon and over the great Cas cades, you will know why those whon seek scenic sensations, and love the sublime in nature, will fill the fine trains that strike out this way for the coast. But one dare not even be gin on the scenery opened to us by this new highway across the continent Opens New World. After all, one turns from even the marvels of such railroad making to the greater wonders of the new world that this road opens up. Without at all deviating from the main purpose of a direct premier route to the Pacific, this line has somehow tapped the very regions that many of us long knew to be the richest and concerning which, we had often hoped 'nd dreamed of the transformation to be wrought by the advent of a rail *oad. The facts are hard to grasp un 'ess you know something at first hand of the infinite distances and great ex nauses of the areas as yet undeveloped and untouched. One fact, not a solt 'nry one but simply indicative: One of the stations on the new Pacific coast extension of the Milwaukee road is sit aited on what was before its advent the ranch of a man who had at times to go without his mail for four months because the nearest postoffice was dis Cape Nome Copper Mining Co. Wines at Clinton, Mont. Office, Rooms I and 2 Dixon Blk., Missoula The above company offers for sale a limited amount of treasury stock at 40 cents per share; payable as follows: 10 cents per share cash. 10 cents per share in 30 days. 10 cents per share in 60 days 10 cents per share in 90 days. The excellent showing of ore made at the 500-foot level has been greater than anticipated and further drifting on the vein under the ore shoots, exposed in the upper levels, should result in the opening up of a substantial quantity of high grade shipping ore. The Speculator Mining company of Butte is operating the adjoining property and with the advent of eastern capital into the camp, this year should witness an un precedented amount of active development work in the Clinton district. The Cape Nome is looked upon as one of the most legit imate mining propositions in Montana and owing to the low price at which this stock is now offered for sale, it is requested that early applications be made to the secre tary, as only a limited amount of stock is being placed on sale. F. C. WEBSTER, Pres. H. T. WILKINSON, Sec. Treas. F. H. WOODY, Vice Pres. tant 140 miles. That affords room for a man to stretch himself without ap prehension of his neighbor's toes. Agriculture and Mining. Twenty years ago the phrase "agri cultural Montana" would have been a joke; today, though the mines are still pouring out their wealth, you can eas ily see that the hope of the common wealth is in the farms; the people are just discovering their great riches. And in the farming regions you can talk with many who will tell you of this man and the other who, coming in only a few years ago, started as a hired man and buying his farm on easy terms, is now an independent farmer, lord of lands, cattle, horses and a bank account that has apparently passed its adolescence. This is possible because men recog nize today that the best way to get a good living is not by taking huge tracts and conducting bonanza ranches, but by diversified and intensive farm ing. Instead of putting all their eggs into one basket, as of alfalfa or of oats, they put eggs in one basket, but ter in another and garden truck in another. Hogs and poultry always pay. Besides the home market, there are the many mining camps always ready to give good cash prices. Di verslfied farming already returns big profits here; men are cleaning up from $200 to $350 an acre off small farms thus handled. Fruit of the Bitter Root. The fact that poultry and eggs bring huge returns, that garden truck is suc cessfully and steadily raised, that sheep range out all winter, ought to answer any question as to climate But it is much more than endurable; it is, with the clear skies and sunshine. the bracing breezes and the exhiliratlon of mountain coolness, enjoyable, in vigorating, life-giving. Those fine ap ples, of which we spoke at first, pro duced right in the region traversed and opened up by this railroad exten sion, ought to be ample evidence of climatic geniality. They come from the region west of Butte and Missoula: some of the finest come from the wonderful Bitter Root valley, running south of the last-mentioned city. Fruit awaits you all through the chinook caressed region, the rich valleys, some already dotted with orchards and oth ers waiting only for the men who know a good thing, lie between the majestic ranges. COFFIN TACKS. "You smoke 30 cigarettes a day?" "Yes, on the average." "You don't blame them for your run down condition?" "Not in the least; I blame my hard work." The physician shook his head. He smiled in a vexed way. Then he took a leech out of a glass jar. "Let me show you something," he said. "Bare your arm." The cigarette fiend bared his pale arm, and the other laid a lean, black leech," said the physician. He took up busily. It's body began to swell. Then, all of a sudden, a kind of shudder con vulsed it, and it fell to the floor, dead. "That is what your blood did to that leech," said the physician. Te took up the little corpse between his finger and thumb. "Look at it," he said. "Quite dead, you see. You poisoned it." "I guess it wasn't a healthy leech in the first place," the cigarette smoker said, sullenly. "Wasen't healthy, eh? Well, we'll try again." And the physician clapped two leeches on the young man's thin arm. "If they both die," said the patient, "I'll swear off-- or, at least I'll cut my daily allowance from 80 cigarettes to 10." Even as he spoke the smaller leech shivered and dropped on his knee, dead, and a moment later the large one fell beside it. "This is ghastly," said the young man. "I am worse than the pestilence in these leeches." "It is the empyreumatic oil in your blood," said the medical than. "All cigarette fiends have it." "Doc," said the young man, regard ing the three dead leeches thought fully, "I half believe you're right." West Virginia School Journal.