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Tomorrow.--Fair. Othe retas FY 3 VOL. XXXV. NO. 318. MIBSOULA MONTANA, FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 19, 1909. PRICE FIVI (. CHAOS EXISTS IN FRENCH NATION COMPLETE MAIL AND TELE GRAPH TIE-UP THREATENS SERIOUS RESULTS. FOOD FAMINE IMMINENT Mall and TeliegrfiT Are Undelivered, Banks Refuse to Cash Checks, Prioes of Edibles Soar, and Supply of Table Necessities Is Beooming Alarmingly Short-End Not in Sight. Paris, March 18.-There was not the slightest indication late tonight of a break in the deadlock between the government and its striking telegraph ers and postal employes, nor was there any prospect of an improvement in the situation. The strike, however, will be considered in the chamber of deputies tomorrow and a solution may then be furnished. The cabinet tonight passed a decree authorizing the dismissal of the strik ers from the state service, and re-af firmed its determination not to yield. The semi-official note giving the re sult of the meeting announced that many merchants have offered to lend to the government their employes. This indicated the completeness of the tie-up and the extremity to which the government has been forced. The note does not mention the sensational report that the govern ment intends to call the reservists to the keys, thus gathering in practical ly all the male employes and forcing them to work as soldiers under pen alty of mutiny. The report is dis credited. On the contrary, it is believed that Premier Clemenceau seeks only to save the principle for which he has contended and that if the chamber tomorrow indorses the government's attitude the premier will be ready for the resignation of M. Simyan, under secretary of posts and telegraphs, and thus open the way for negotiations to end the strike. Not Delivered. The last two American mails haire not been delivered. The Havas agency, which receives thousands of letters daily, did not find any at the postoffice today. With the failure to deliver letters in Paris today the chaos was complete. The entire pub lic service is paralyzed and business, both public and private, is in confu sion. The undelivered letters number into the millions and not less than 200,000 telegrams were stacked up this forenoon awaiting distribution. Foreign incoming mails remain un sorted and only a small proportion of the outgoing mails have been sent away. A few hundred military telegraphers brought into Paris are practically helpless, as they are not familiar with the recently installed Baudot instru ments, and foreign telegrams are be ing sent to the frontier for re-trans mission. Even the sale of postage stamps has been discontinued in the branch postoffices. The government has managed to keep several wires open with London and Berlin for conducting important diplomatic negotiations. State of Siege. A few more days of these condi tions and Paris will be reduced almost to a state of siege as far as food is concerned. The funds necessary for the smooth running of the provincial trade are hung up in the postoffice and the supply of eggs, milk, butter, •meat and country produce threatens speedily to cease. Already' merchants have been obliged to send agents to the provinces with ready cash to ob tain supplies. The banks are with holding payment on checks in the ab sence of advices from their corres pondents and prices at the stores are soaring. A large body of strikers gathered at the central telegraph station today and threatened a breach of the peace, but when they found a company of infantry in rooms adjoining the build ing, they left without creating any disturbance. The real element of dan ger lies in the threat of the general confederation of labor, which is pure ly a revolutionary organization, and the railroad union to declare sym pathetic strikes. Strangely enough, amid the intense anxiety the masses were celebrated at Micarame today, the usual pleasure-loving crowds as sembled in the boulevards to witness the grotesque procession and thr-w confetti. Gain Adherents. The strikers gained many adherents today, the men employed on the pneu matic tubes joining the movement. The leaders already are claiming victory, in spite of the bold front as sumed by Premier Clemenceau, who declares the government cannot yield and intends to have recourse first to soldiers and then to replace the strik ers with new appointees. The belief is becoming stronger, however, that the government will be compelled to make some advances looking to a compromise. In order to prove their patriotism, the strikers have detailed two expert operators to transmit the cipher dispatches which the government is exchanging with the powers in connection with the Balkan cristas. GIVE8 EVIDENCE. Chicago, March 18.-The government today continued to pile evidence of competition among western railroads prior to the so-called Harriman mer ger and the absence of it thereafter. SHIARP DEB TE OYER RULES OCCURS CONSIDERATION OF CENSUS BILL PRECIPITATES A LIVkLY TILT IN HOUSE. PAYNE IS VERY CAUSTIC Majority Leader Replies to Attacks of De Armond by Taking a Stinging Rap at the Disgruntled Democrats and the Missourian in Partioular Census Measure Is Passed. Washinlgton, March 1i.-The census bill in its amended form was passed by the house today, after a lively at tack on the rules by Representative De Armond of Missouri. The bill was passed at the late session, but was vetoed by President Roosevelt be cause of his objection to the provi sion taking from the civil service commisseion the power of appointing the clerks. Mr. De Armond objected to a consideration of the bill unless in committee of the whole. Under a hint by the Speaker, Majority Leader Payne moved a recess for 30 minutes. This motion prevailed. Upon recon vening a rule was reported making it in order to consider the bill in the house itself. This afforded Mr. De Armond an opportunity to attack the rule and to advocate selection of a committee on rules by the members and not by the speaker, as at present. In criticizing the method of concen trating power in the speaker, Mr. De Armond declared the appointment of democrats on the committee on rules was not satisfactory to the democratic side. Mr. Da Armond said that he was satisfied that Mr. Broussard had been selected for the committee with out any intention of representing the sentiment of the democratic side. Payne Replies. Mr. PaVne in replying, said Mr. De Armond has given an exhibition of unreasonableness by his objection. He charged the Missouri member with trying to "carry on the lost battle of Monday last." He condemned the democratic decision in regard to the accepting of committee appointments. Mr. Payne contended that there were some men on the democratic side who had manhood enough and sense of responsibility to their constituents. "Yes, and regard for the oath they took to well and faithfully discharge their duties, to serve upon committees unless excused by the house." He said he did not think that some of the democrats had become so "ser vile that they will yield to this im perious demand that cdmes to them, and even violate the oath of their of fice by refusing to serve on com mittess." "How About This?" "You are trying to turn away from the folly of the committee of 15," he said, "and concentrate the whole of that side in the hands of one man who was not selected by the house, but by a caucus. Talk about your one-man power! What explanation can you make of that course?" When the members finally got to considering the bill again, an amend ment by Mr. Sterling of Illinois was agreed to, providing that the ap pointments shall be made in conform ity with the law of apportionment among the states under the civil serv ice act. In order to prevent the spread of tuberculosis among government clerks, the house agreed to an amendment by Mr. Bennett (New York), requiring that each census candidate furnish with his application a certificate of good health. As amended the bill was passed. CHURCHES INCORPORATED. Hartford, Conn., March 18.-The legislature has passed an act incorpor ating the National Council of Congre gational Churches of the United States. DISCUSSES AFFAIRS IN NICARAGUA SECRETARY KNOX HOLDS CON FERENCE WITH CENTRAL AMERICAN DIPLOMATS. Washington, March 18.-Central American affairs continue to be an im portant topic of discussion at the state department. All the representa tives from the Central American re publics discussed with Secretary Knox the situation. Minister Empinosa of Nicaragua, told the mecretary that he was hourly expecting information from his government touching the Emery claim. The .prospects. it is thought, are bright for a settlement of the question. This government has been frank with the Central American republics and has taken pains to acquaint them with the steps taken by the United States and Mexico, for the preserva. tion of peace in Central America. It is learned from reliable sources that this action is being thoroughly appreciated by the other Central American republies, and that they are in hearty sympathy. Military activity in Nicaragua con tinues and she is charged with being the sole cause of the unsettled con ditions in Central America. FACING THE "HAT QUESTION" i LA~rDEA p4WI/' --.,P,4#$.,.) .J" FINANCIAL METHODS PRO DUNCEO OUEER STRANGE CONDITIONS BROUGHT TO LIGHT REGARDING' PAN HANDLE SMELTER. Spokane, March 18.-According to an evening paper, startling facts as to remarkable financial methods are being brought to light following the appointment of a receiver for the Pan handle Smelting comliany, owning an independent plant at Sandpoint, Idaho. The paper says two years ago the corporation owned a smelting plant with a capacity of 125 tons a day; a line of small steamers; 1.000 acres of land; a townsite; water pwer now worth $250.000; mining interests of unknown value, and had 2.000,000 shares of stock in this city. Its assets could be estimated at $1, 500,000. Its debts were only $30,000. Of the 2,000,000 shares of stocj then outstanding, hundreds of thousands had been sold to farmers and capital ists in Minnesota, Iowa, Ohio, Wiscon sin and the Dakotas at prices rang ing up to 40 and 45 cents a share. Today the plant is in the hands of a receiver. The debts total ne:rly $400,000. The treasury stock has vn ished and the total visible assets are estimated in the creditors' suit as worth $250,000. J. Herbert Anderson, who is being sued by T. L. Greenough, the milion aire mine owner, for alleged fraudu lent over-issue of 846,000 shares or stock, is supposed to be in New York. His family is said to be in California. AMBASSADOR ARRIVES. Los Angeles, May 18.-James Bryce, British ambassador to this country, ac companied by his wife, arrived in Los Angeles today from Albuquerque in his private car. An informal luncheon, followed by a reception, was given in honor of the distinguished visitor at the California club. Tonight Ambas sador Bryce spoke at the Gamita club upon the subect of "The Modern City; What It Is; What It May Be." FAVOR A CONFERENCE. Berlin, March 18.-Iformation re ceived at the foreign office 'today in dicates that the powers all are in fa vor of the Italian proposition at once to summon a European conference to act on the Balkan situation. This conference will have a strictly limited program and will merely, ratify ac complished facts. All Servians living in Germany have received orders td return home for military service. WILL FIGiT 3,a.LL8. Mexico City, March 18.-M. E. Ram bo, known as the champion long dis tance walker of Mexico, an American, has resigned his position with the Waters-Pierce Oil company to take in struction in bull fighting. Rambo is ambitious to become a matador. NEW NARRAGANSETT SOUP. Providence, R. I, March 18-The waters of Narragansett bay were well seasoned with tomato catsup today when 650 cases containing 15,600 bot ties were dumped into the sea because they did not meet tho requirements of the federal pure food law. SEIZE CUSTOM HOUSE. Teheran, March 18.-The seaport of Bender Abbas, on the Persian gulf, has gone over to the nationalists, who, it is reported, have seized the customs house. Bender Abbas is an important port. CONTEST DISPOSID OF. epringfield, Ill., March 18.-The gub ernatorial contest brought by Adlal Stevenson was finally disposed of to day by the legislature in joint ses sion in favor of Governor Deneen. SENATE BILL NO, 18 IS OFFICIALLY APPROVED Special to The Daily Missoulian Helena, March 18.-Senate Bill No. 18, providing for the creation of irrigation districts and the issue of bonds by irrigation companies, which caused so much discussion during the recent legislative as sembly and so much antagonistic agitation in the Bitter Root valley, was signed this afternoon by Gov ernor Edwin L. Norris, and trans mitted to the secretary of state. Two bills yet remain to be passed by Governor Norris. Tomorrow is the last day he will have to act upon them. The bills are Senate Bill No. 59, relating) to the con servation of the resources of the state, and House Bill No. 228, to make the codes relating to the state militia conform to the act of con gress. TO DESIGNATE LAND FOR ENTRY INTERIOR DEPARTMENT IS SE LECTING GROUND SUBJECT TO HOMESTEAD LAW. Special to The Daily Missoulian. Washington, March 18.-The secre tary of the interior announces today that the geological survey is now en gaged in preparing a list of the public lands in eastern Montana and Wyo ming that will be subject to entry under the 320-acre homestead law passed by the recent congress. The secretary will be prepared to designate the lands subject to this law in eastern Montana within three weeks. Notices will be sent to local land offices, together with circulars of instructions governing the manner of making entry, as soon as possible. Only non-timbered, non-irrigable and non-mineral lands will be subject to the provisions of the new law. The recently passed law permitting proof to be made for surface title only, on entries suspended on account of the presence of coal, will settle im mediately most of the suspended en try cases in Montana. This new law applies to all entries on homestead, timber, stone and desert lands. Following is the new homestead law in full: "Be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives of the United States of America in congress assem bled, That any person who is a quali fied entryman under the homestead laws of the United States my enter, by legal supervision, under the provi sions of this act, in the states of Colo rado, Montana, Nevlda, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming, and the territories of Arizona and New Mexi co, 320 acres, or less, of non-mineral. non-irrigable, unreserved and unap propriated surveyed public lands which do not contain merchantable timber, located in a reasonable com pact body, and not over one-and one half miles in extreme length; pro vided, that no lands shall be subject to, entry under the provisions of this act until such lands shall have been designated by the secretary of the in terior as not being, in his opinion, sus ceptible of successful irrigation at a reasonable cost from any known source of water suvply. "Section 2. That any person apply ing to enter land under the provi sions of this act shall make and sub scribe before the proper officer an af fidavit as required by section 2290 of the revised statutes, and in addi tion thereto shall make affidavit that the land sought to be entered is of the characted described in section 1 of this act, and shall pay the fees now re quired to be paid under the homestead laws. "Section 3. That any homestead en (Continued on Page Four.) PARKMIAN ACOUIIED OF TRIVIAL CHARGES VERDICT OF COURTMARTIAL EX ONERATING POST DOCTOR 18 MADE PUBLIC. Dr. Wallace E. Parkman, first lieu tenant of the medical reserve corps, United States army, who was recently tried before a courtmartlal at Fort Missoula on charges of conduct unbe coming an officer and disobeying or ders, has been acquitted of the charges and ordered to immediately resume his duties at the local post. This information was received in a telegram from headquarters of the department of the Dakotas yesterday afternoon, the department comman der having reviewed and approved the findings of the court which were sent to him under seal upon the conclu sion of the inquiry a week ago yes terday. Dr. Parkman was formally notified of his acquittal by a com munication from the department. Dr. Parkman was tried upon two charges embracing four specifications, the allegations being made by Cap tain L. C. Duncan of the medical re serve corps, who is post surgeon at Fort Missoula. The first charge was that of disobeying orders, the allega tion being made by Captain Duncan that Dr. Parkman refulsed to deliver to him a certain silver pitcher and rocking chair, which were claimed as property of the medical department, and which the lieutenant had in his possession. The recond charge em braced the allegations that the ac cused made a false report relative to the loss of a pair of rubber gloves be longing to the medical department; that he "smuggled" his Filipino ser vant from Hope, Idaho, to American Lake, Washington, and from the lat ter place to Missoula, without paying his fare, thereby defrauding the Northern Pacific Roalroad company. A courtmartial presided over by Colonel James Rockwell of the ord nance department, stationed at Fort Snelling. Minnesota, and composed of 12 other officers from various forts, convened at Fort Missoula on Mon day, March 8, for the purpose of tak ing evidence in the case. The court remained in session until the following Thursday afternoon, when the argu ments were made and a secret verdict rendered. The defense, through counsel, Cap tain Laurence Halstead, sought to show by evidence and argument that the, charges prefered against Dr. Parkman were of no consequence whatever, and were prompted by the personal malice of Captain Duncan to ward his subordinate officer. Testi mony was presented to the effect that the accused officer had suffered per secution at the hands of his superior for six months or more prior to the filing of the charges. Major John H. Beacom, formerly pot commandant at Fort Missoula, was one of the offi cers who gave strong testimony in support of this assertion. Numerous witnesses were examined, whose testimony was to the effect that Dr. Parkman did not "smuggle" his servant over the railroad. The al legations in regard to the loss of a pair of gloves and the failure to turn over a pitcher and rocking chair proved to be trivial technicalities. The verdict of the courtmartial com pletely vindicates Dr. Parkman. ENGINEER DIES. Montreal, March 18.-Marsi Cun ningham, engineer of the Buoton train which telescoped the Windsor station here yesterday, died early today, mak ing the fifth fatality to follow the ac cident. ATTELL BESTS KLINE. New York, March 18.-Abe Attell. the featherweight pugilist, easily out classed Patsy Kline of Newark. N. J., in a 10-round bout here tonight PAYS TRIBUTE TO HONORED DEAD TAFT EULOGIZES HIS DECEASED PREDECESSOR, GROVER CLEVELAND. ANNIYERSARY OBSERVED Appropriate Exercises in Memory of Democratic President Are Held at Carnegie Hail and New York Col lege, at Which Noted Men Deliver Addresses-Governor Hughes Talks. New York, March 18.-"The Payne tariff bill is unquestionably a revision downward," said President Taft to some of his callers today on the train during his trip from Washing ton to New York. The president was made acquainted with the principal provisions of the bill before it was finally approved by the committee on ways and means. He thinks that the revenue to be de rived from the proposed inheritance tax will he largely in excess of the amount that has been estimated. President Taft came to New York to eulogize in his first public address as a president, a democratic predecessor in the office which he now fills, the late Grover Cleveland. Mr. Taft praised Mr. Cleveland as a man who was as completely American in all his charac ter as Lincoln. The president spoke at the Cleve land anniversary exercises in Carnegie hall and was an interested listener to the tributes to Mr. Cleveland tonight when the ceremonies were continued in the auditorium of the College of the City of New York. President Taft and his party reach ed Jersey City at 1 o'clock on the regular Washington express, to which was attached the ,rivate car he had provided at his personal expense. Mr. Taft traveled In the "Constitution," the car which he used during 40,000 miles of campaigning last fall and from which he made more than 400 speeches. The trip from the capital was made without incident except for a visit from George Gray of Delaware, who boarded the train at Wilmington and came on to New York to speak at the Cleveland meeting tonight. The 'two ment greeted each other most cor dially and Judge Gray made most of the journey in the Taft car. Greeted by Throng. Arriving at Jersey City the presi dential party was greeted by a great throng. Heads were bared as the presi dent passed along the station plat form. He did not follow the Roose velt precedent of shaking hands with the grimy engineer. It would have been practically impossible for him to do so even had he desired, for a swarm of policemen had been thrown about him as soon as he alighted. The members of thea party entered auto mobiles and were driven to the real dence of Henry W; Taft. Tomorrow Mr. Taft will go to New Haven, Conn., to attend a meeting of the Yale cor poration. It will be the first visit of a Yale graduate as president to the old campus and a unique demonstra tion is looked for. Returning to New York late tomorrow, he will be the guest at a Yale alumni dinner, attend ed by 1,500 Yale graduates. A second memorial was held to night at the College of the City of New York, at which speeches were made by Governor Hughes, Senator RoAt. Mayor McClellan, Judge Gray of Del aware, William B. Hornblower and Edward M. Shepard. MATCH ARRANGED. New York, March 18.-A match be tween Jack Johnson, heavyweight champion of the world, and Stanley Ketchell for a side bet of $5,000 is said to have been arranged by friends of both fighters. The fight, which will be a 10-round bout if fought in New York, is to be held within the next 12 weeks. CHINESE BOYCOTTING THE JAPS INTENSE FEELING AGAINST LIT TLE BROWN MEN IS RE PORTED TO EXIST. Hong Kong, March 18.-The Chinese residents of this city have entered upon a renewal of the boycott against Japanese goods and are showing In tense feeling against the Japanese be cause the latter are gradually occu pying Pratas island, a reef in the China sea about midway between this port and the Philippine group, and are working the deposits of guano, which, it is claimed, are richer than those along the coast of Peru. It is reported also that the Japanese are invading Paracels islands, 150 miles east of Annam, in the China sea, and two cruisers of the Chinese navy are now being made ready for a visit to that group. Feeling over this so-called invasion of Chinese rights by the Japanese has run so high that the viceroy at Can ton has prohibited the press of that city from commenting on it in the fear that inflammatory articles might incite an outberak against the Japa nese living there. LIVELY FIGHT ON TARIFF LIKELY INTERESTS OF EACH DISTRCT' TO BE CHAMPIONED BY HOUSE MEMBElS. PARTY LIIES ELIMINATED While There is Little Preopeet of a Lengthy General Debate, It Is Evt dent That Each Representative Will Fight Against Measures Considered Detrimental to His Distriet. Washington, March 18.-That party lines will be eliminated during the consideration in the house of the Payne bill was indicated by the action of Representative Broussard of Louis iana in withdrawing today from the meeting of the minority members of the committee because he differed from their views on the tariff. With few exceptions each member will fight for the interests of his bosem district. There is little prospect Of a lengthy general debate and the omaid eration of the measure under the ee-. minute rule for amendment will he proceeded with as soon as possible, probably by the end of the week. Unless a "gag" rule for the preven tlon of unlimited amendment under the five-minute rule is brought ia the minority members of the ways and means committee will not report a separate bill. Their report will be drawn by Minority Leader Clark and will severely crittcise the wool sched ule. It is contended by the democrats that it has not been cut sufflcemnttl to place it on a revenue basis. Prob ably numerous amendments wil be offered and heated discussions are an ticipated. The inheritance tax. Philippine free trade, internal revenue and maximum and minimum features of the bill are indorsed by the minority leader, aad there has been much favorable com ment upon the measure by dern cratic congressmen. Champ Clark to day declared that he had not had suf ficient time to look into its provisions to enable him to comment upon them. Wants No Restriction. It is understood that the mthority leaders favor the removal if the re strictions on the quantity of sugar and tobacco that can be admitted from the Philippine islands free of duty. On the other hand, several southern democrats are endeavoring to have the free trade provision amended so as to exclude rice, their contention being that rice could be sent from the Philippine islands to the United States markets and sold for 2 cents a pound if admitted free from the islands. This, they say, would ruin the rice industry in this country. A number of democrats will join with some republicans in an effort to keep the duty assessed by the Dingley bill upon lumber. The fight for free lumber will be headed by Champ Clark, it is said. He has frequently expressed himself in bitter terms re garding the lumber situation in this country. During the tariff hearing he arraigned the lumber magnates and delved deep into the intricacies of the stumpage and railroad land grants. No Oppesitien. It is thought that there will be no serious opposition to th9 tariff on tea. Great Britain and France probably will be the first countries to secure the benefit of the minimum rates named in the Payne bill. According to the committee's report made today, Great Britain has been unable to se cure the benefits of reciprocal trade agreements provided for by the Ding ley bill, although she has treated this country fairly in her customs acts. As the French trade agreement with the United States contains no provi sions for its continuance for any time after it has been abrogated by either nation, France may receive the benefit of the minimum rates. France is now revising her tariff on a maximum and minimum basis. The ways and means committee es timates that the entire revenues to the government for the fiscal year 1910 provided the Payne bill is in op eration, will be $862,065,885. As the amount for which revenue will be re quired for 1910 is estimated at $872. 221,701, it is claimed the deficit for 1910 will be about $10,000,000. WANT WIRELESS SER(ICE. London, March 18.-The postoffice authorities are trying to arrange a wireless telegraph service between London and Paris with the object of relieving the congestion due to the strike of the French telegraph and postal employee. The delay in the transmission of messages is causing heavy losses to business interests. BREAKS INTO BASEBALL. New Orleans, March 18.--George C. Bennett of Memphis, Tenn., well known as a former owner of recing horses, yesterday purchased the steak of Leonard Stern in the New Orleans baseball club and will take up active work in connection with the club this season. MODUS VIVENDI REACHED. Pekin, March IL-It is reported here today on an excellet athe*rit that a representative of the l'aUgl railroad administration in MadheBar and the Chinese foreign board have reached a modus vivendi In the t atter of administration of the munielpaity of Harbin.