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aWtu ) ta ohe Year.
a oM bi" roula, mtlll mtattor .3 f ..... ......... .......... $0.75 ar e .otil ........................... 12.2 ;ad'ipdI" for forellgn countries. ' )itN NUMIESS. ..-..1. 0 Independent......510 1 Wehlgtnten Office U n icy buIlding, ghr1oatnt Ruien Pull. mapt, cofrepoldent. Hamieltn Offioe SMain, Shteet, near * *. 50se0on4. Iob R ss PAPle4su. tila nxia ua to aive the service; theretore, sub t Urqs .o rpor faulty At *0L MIdn ýordleting paper 1W addre, please ive *e. MopeY orders and a be made payable to MqaPiUlles Publullhin company. IN COLORAOO. It n~epver, today, the legislature of Cob;.ra '"Will conveni in special ses 4o'eoneilder some Impirtant leaas. e-ooliled in the 4ell of the lov. laor VIohb asubmbled the lawmn~kbrs. StT natmeofr colorado who hlave b·.198tnitag for even a chance to get .pitpe.ot their ismues before the electors dibq sf'ate,"bere must be mudch sat . t in looking over the progpamn of·tip e11*op. " Among the topics to bIH (F d orb the adoption of the i*ai n ballot with party headings nt ved: thIe initiative end' reforon 41 the guia.arty .o bank deposits; primaries and the creation of a publtl)servloe commisasion. There to lo a pIposrition to enlarge the pow f.i tof te state ralrolad omllmsslon. fsthI i of tmese mnatiersd are features w h ,have been suggested as likely i. hbe. servceable in the endeavor to J, 'fCoiqlado of the boss-control atlurývhki. h Judge Lindsay and his t -.dstd .ave been fighting. It is iUptltihu411C all of the lneasures will b ielam4d by the legislature, but there ',netlu5Stifactlon In the fIct thlpt (inare t 4t be considered at all. PIPS OF OLD. 4t Washington State college they a',:#nlg to MteacLt toen to make ples.' .. (.tlbie with the average pip now l'i ti.t somebody has been "taught" to kithk It. t so!nme restaurant or care will learo about the pie from country w=ii1 o, fitly yars ago. It will rpap -'"4ih~i us'vst from the sale of real pl; si" s,*r Ie an Inmpressiq Intllthu Sill that most of the ills of tile proe e.t Iage comeo from the new-tangled plc with its indigestible condiments. There i an unllititle4 demand for pie, plain, .l.mn~p.~~ je, nsdo out of home-grown trulC but' the world Is alffering from too ; much modern, mlan-cooked pie. There is a young Kansas woman In tlilsi town who can give any French took a lesson In piemaking. There .eay be others, but the writer knows of this one. Her peach pies taste like our mothers made. Back to the first * principles should be the cry. READ THEM. The series of articles., ignqd by Frederic J. Ilaskin, hlol is l.noiW an pearing in The Missoullaq, deµls at all tbles witli matters of current interest. For a few weeooks the themes have eonperned the situation in the British eIilpri;' they have umade clear some of the most important points in the pol Itlcs of Great Britain; they have been lntoeeslnlr, as well as instructive. In natural sequence with the British dis ptwslon, Mr. HIaskin tais taken up tliin week the consideration of the "Gormanl 44dvanc" and is giving us a detailed portrayal of the amnbltious progress of ti>laad's rival in the world-power ,pio,. These articles belong to The 'il~aoullsj itl tils field; they rank lienarer the Important newspaper pro Sduotlins of. tihe year; they add, we be '.ileve, very materially to the \alue of i'rr,'.iaoulian , each morninig. We fnn 1i theom partklclarly to thile con 'Ideri4lon of our readers. A A1' CDPR CASE. 0e6p ar s well as stastesmen have S wadays. Tihe deacons B'p e aptist church and S Iat iluseion, at Kan T'lod a, petiflon In 'the S4,strict court asking Jp.i be prevepi Caroline, the officers of a church pe titioned the superior court to Issue an inJunetloi. againat the singing of a certain member. The petition Wa.s granted and the case carried utip to the elpr ime court, where a decision was .rendered in favor of the officers. The defendant in this case sang too loud and always managed to come out a Jhlf a line or more behind the cholir. It would be Interesting to know if the Kansas man were singing out of tune. Young Cuba cannoLt be any worse than Old Cuba. On that certainty and on the ehance that it may be better, the Island would better try It. Recent attempts show that there is no Improvement In the chances of an automobile which disputes the right of way with an express train. Minneapolis, entertaining the print er. of the country, has a busy week ahead: her guosts have a great ca pacity for entertainment. The Knights Tenmplars In Jaust ant tourney at ChIcago, will enliven the week more pleasantly than the bribery eases. Having shown that he can make rain, the weather man will, kindly make some and oblige a long-suffering public. If the Oklahonma Inquiry leads to "better laws for the Indian," Senator Gore will not have wrought in vain. The McMurray story Indicates; at leanthat the Indian has been the fall guy for somebody's rancality. The Bitter Root farmer is, as he should be somewhat ashamned of the calamity cry he raised in June. Tlhre's a thorn with every rose; it is iligos.lble to get good sewers with-, out digging up the streets. The death of Harvey W. Scott re moves one of the most notable figures of the northwest. The employment of 200 men will make business for grocers iend board.. Ing houses. The oonsus report is a long time comning: It should be good whlle it does get here. If the sewer construction starts this niorning, this will be a. day to re member. 'Tle sewer work will eniploy 200 men: that compensates for disturbed streets. -liissouli uses more water than any other Montana city; not a bad sign. These are the days when rain clotmls brighten things more than sunshine. 'Thle 0 I.s w;ill give Livingston a chance to red~enm her reputation. 'A c'lean record In the census is bet ter tutn a big count. SECOND GIRL JELLS OF NEGRO'S ATTACK St. Louis. Aug. 8.--Miss lulu lrehi ilatnntr reported to the police today that she was attacked at a pistol point last Tuesday night by James Brad field, allas Bradford, a negro, when she went to answer whet proved to be a "fake" advertisement for an office girl. Bradfelod was arrested Satur iJay night while mepacing Miss Besslie Unger, after decoying her by means of an gdvertlsement into the building of which lie was Janitor. Bradfield, according to Miss Folali haimmer. hold a pistol to her ilead when ihoe recovered fromn a faint and made her sign a statement that she visited the office huilding 'pf.o her own free will. The statement was found in Bradfield's effects and attached to It was a lock of Miss Fehhllnamer's hair. FARMER KILLS WOMAN AND COMMITS SUICIDE [(ansan City. Mo., Aug. 8.-William l)avls, 59 years of age, a wealthy farmer of Biraylnor, Mo.. sllot and killed hiis brothor.ln-law's widow, Mrs. Mettie O'Dell, in a rooming house here today and then cotunlitted nut. cide. Florence Truitt, tile 7-yeqr-old niece of Mrs. O'Doll ran screaming into the room. upon hearing the shots, Davis, before shooting lilmaself, fired one shut at tile child. She received a flesh wound. Dav:s leaves a wife and son in Braymer. Mrs. O'Dell was 38 years old. Davis slot Mrs. O'Dell five times. DELAWARE PROVES FAST. Washington, Aug. 8-Offtticial reports from the speed trial of tile new Dread. naught battleship Delaware received at the navy department today are that the ship exceeded her cpntract speed on all tests. The Delaware averaged 21# knots an hour for four consecutive hours un der forced draught and 19' knots an hour for 24 consecutive hours at nor. meal. `SAILOR SHOT SY LUNATIC, Ifew York. Aug. #.-Without provoe i,pn Is tu claimed, Jalmes Smith, a Ion the ,hmtteqd States battleship W ttal, lw A: t the New Yohk y *'as Iwt and seriously }I ; h tr3 t 1 tip&ed. map on t ,go~kiye, near the navy 'Y;F, 1eman aseapedi The th set was that of an hi The German Advance. V.--The Army Orgulzutiuou. (By rd.edrio J. Haskin.) Modern .UGrmany, may be said to have had Its origin In the reorganixa tion of the Prussian army following the humillating prostratloq of that kingdom by Napolean in 1800. The grcat elector and Prederick the Great had made Prussal strong'by maintain Ing and using an army larger in pro portion to population than that of any other J;uropean etato. Prussia lost to Napolean by force what It had gained by force from its weaker neighbors. In the rehabilitation of the Prusialn army followlgl the Napole onic disaster, Prussla abolished the rule of the thupnb. It resolved to leave nothing to chance, but to raise anti equip a permanent army of such strength as to make th# protection of Prussian territory sure, and at the same time to train every Prussian in army so that In the future thile state could present against an enemy its maximumli possible force. This scheme of army reorganisation, Including universal compulsory service and pro viding for an all-powerful general staff, was the work of the great Qon eral 6chlarnhorst and his companions. During the four or five chaotic dec ades following the destruction of Napoleon, the Prussian government neoer relaxed Its efforts to make its army as nearly perfect as possible. All' of the time the Prussian influence among tile. German states was grow lng, and the Austrian sutpremacy was decaylung Bit by bit Prussla attached to itself new c lerman territory, and In fimee became strong enough to make Itacii the captain of any pon sible German. ounfederation. Tlhe tinme came when Prussian poll ties w as controlled by the master BamuarJI,, when the army was com manded by the genius Von Moltkeoand when the ministry of war was'.in the Ihamds of the. gifted Von Roon. The machine' was strong enoughl to take territory away frofn Denmark ansd to prevent British Interference. Thean it fought and defeated Austria, and came into undisputed control of the German situation. Then there remained but one great. obstacle In thle Way of Prussia's desire to unite the German states into an empire, and to con trol the fulure of continental Europe That obstacle was Napoleoan III and the French empire. All the: world kRlown how Bisplarek fqrccd France Into war; how pitifully InOfflulont the French army proved to be hi the contest; how every feature of Bismarck's ruthlessly ambitious program wa wsuccessful; and how the German empire was proclaimed at Versailles. in the very seat of ancient French, glory. IUit it Is interesting to recall, now that more than one nation fears that Germany IN again plottipg a war, the part played in the Ftranco-Prussian war. and the Institution of the present German emplire by the Prussian army organisation. The war was fought inh 1870. Von Moltke's first plans for the empignl of a war witlh France was drawn up In 187., and his final dis posltions, which were carried out ex actly in tile war, were completed in 1$68, 'Prance did not plan seriously for the war .until hostilitioes actually were, begun. Prussia had Its plan. ready 13 yeaours in advance, and In the war made no change whatever in the final plans drafted by tile geneoral staff two whole years before the first gun was firqed. In 1888 Von Moltke knew and wrote exactly what France would have to do to mobiliae its army, and how long it would take. He cal culated that it would require three weeks for Flrance as against 11 days for Prussia. The event proved that he was right as to both his own army and that of the enemy. France found it out afterwards; Prussia know it before. Iong before thisi war was dreamed of by tile public, the general staff had prepared for every possible even - tuality. When the war was declared It was necessary onlly to send tele grants announcing that fact. Instant ly every officer I1I tle army, every private hil tile reserve and tile mllitia, every person in authority, whether over much or little, had only to openl an envolope to finld tile orders whlicl, when beyeod, would make tile moboll sation of tile army complete illn the shortest possible time. Tilte railway agelnt had ulnly to open unvelopes to find what the railways wore expect ed to do, whlere to have trains, ihow many Ilen there would be to carry fron each statiolln, and every detail of war transportation. The transpor. tation faullitien were. ,not left to chance and luck, as thley were by Ituasula ill its war withl Japan, and as thley were by tile United States inl its war witlh lpanl. The disgraceful con gestlon at Ta~llnpa i 1898 would nlot have been possible in Gernany. Thle Pr'usslan minister of war, Von Rool, the day after was was declared with France, wenlt off into the coun try to take a few days rest, am aevery thling had boun prepared and there was nothing left for him to do. He afterwarda said that tile two weeks following the memlnorable nigllht of the mobillaatlon 'wore the idlest and tlhe freest from care, of his wlhole military career. Thle mlobilisation mlahlchine worked with ouch exempllary exactl tude, and so completely without fric tion, that the war office did not re colve o1ne shlgle inquiry fronl any commanding general or other offlicer In the army. This was the case in spite of the fact that the order for mobilisation wae given withlout any warning, and manly of the command ing goenerals and ataff officers were away on a vacutlon. In every In stance the man next In command merely opened an envelope and pro coaded to obey orders. If Janlland should declare war ageaat.t Germany today, the Berlinl govarnmtent would hliave nothing to do except to notify the country of .the l~et., There are some thousandu or * e1 v eplvOpies containingl written or4era whlloh would take oare of the onqolRawtleon of the grlmrn forces, and whidh, in all probability, go far eoilh. to proQvide for the embarkstion ot Oime Army, rfedy to sail for feat at sea., It Is certain that em barkation drills hltave taught the Ger man officers how the trick can be done. It is certain that plans for the invasion of'rrance. Belgium and Hol land exist in the office of the German general staff, and the German army would be In readiness to strike the blow before either of tile countries posslbly could know anythillg about it. The active army of the German em pire ini thne of peace has a total strength of 600,000 men, and nearly 10,000 officers. In time of war the mobilized field army, made of the ac tive army and the reserves first call ed, would have a strength of 1,16,000 men, supported ht the organised Landwehr with 600.000, and the Land sturm with 2.000.000 men, making a total strength of almost 4,000,000 sold lens. Young menll Ireil liable for service oni reaching tithe age of 17. although the practice is not to call thelm until they are about 20. ivery German capable or bearing arms has to serve in the standing army for six years; or for seven years in the cavalry. Of the six years two must be spent itn ac tive service, three for the cavalry, and the remainder in the active re serve. After quitting the reserve, the conscript goes into the Landwehr for another five years in the first class, during which he receives two train ings of 14 days tacdh; and then he goes to the second class for seven years, and then, finally, into the Landatrum, where he remains until he Is 45 years old. About a half million young men reach the age of. 20 every year. When those unfit to sarve; because of physi cal or other disabllitles, are deducted, about 860,000 are loft liable' to con scription. Of theaisq, .hoever, on ac count of the legal limitation of the strength of the act(ge aorhy in time of peace, only a certain 'nUmber Join the army. These are chosen by lot, and the remainder are' drafted into the Ersatz reserve, whlgre the period of service Is 12 years, tand In which tile men are liable to three b erlods of ac tive military drill of 10., Aix, and four weeks respectively. As a matter of fact, of late since tihe population has so greatly Increaseq and the financial burden has,.been '~8 er to bear, many young men.*ecelrvctcally no milli tary training at .a. ltliough they are all reckoned a part tf the Landatrum, or ultimate militia reserve. The superiority of the German army over all other armies in the matter of organization is admitted. There are those who believe that tie mechanical perfection which has destroyed Indl vildualism in the German soldiers would place that army at a dlsad vantage. in battle with another grmy made up of reshorceful men to rely upon their own 1t4tlative. Such theo ries are comforting to the Uilted States and Great Britain, the only powerful nations which depend upon volunteer enlistment to fill tile armies. But It is not pretended, even in Eng land or the United States, that any existing army can compare with the German in the busihoes of prepara tion for battle; Ip~..ae business of keeping the soldiers I11i and healthy; or in Its general preparedness to meet with any possible eventuality of war. The German body is the most highly organised body of men In the world. It Ihas been the tns ilration and It has furnished the ideals for political and industrial Germany -mnore highly or ganized than any yet dreamed of by the Anglo-Saxon nations. (Tomorrow-The German Advance. VI -The imperial Government.) REVOLUTION QUELLED, Wuashingon, Aug. A.-The govern n.Ilet of Hlonduras states that a force of 60 armed revolutionists, which was routed on August 4 by government troops, is the only armed revolutionary body in' that country. This in the in formation which has ioon received at the state department from Fenton it. lecCrcary, American minister at Tegu cigalpa. The messages say tie on gagement took place near Clobra. DILLON BANK ROBBER FINALLY IDENTIFIED Butte. Aug. .--A special Irorn Dil. loll to the lnter-Mountain says that the mystery surroumyulng the Identity of the desperado who tried to rob the stato bank there last Tuesday was cleared away today when B. V. Alley of Butte identtlfied the prlsoner as "Bill" Allen. The Alley brothers form. erly employed Allen as an ore hauler at Norris, Mont., where he was known as a "gull man." PICETS REPULSE STRIKEBREAKERS New York, Aug. 8.-A futitle at tempt was made today to reopen. the Williamsburg plant of the Amerlcan Sugar Relining company, 'which has been closed.for several weeks on ac count of a strike. The works were patrQlled by lines of picket a.nd three hundred men required to st't4lhe plant In motion were turned back. There were numerous flahts anI the pollee were busy, MAN KILLED' IYYv iriAIN. Rawlins, Wyo,, Aug. 8.-An untinown inlp was grounld to pieces today "by a Unitn Pacific train on. Solon; ,hill. Piices of the body, usctter4I ilong the track for. distance o' y0) rds, .m:O+. ia lm .w ,.u..,n. . ,,.' ID MONEY like idle men, growst uluggi.li !4d unse~les The get-there moin is always on the rustle, lookiig. for opportunilties an keeping his money working. ,he Great Bla toot Valley is now attracting the atte tron of the shrewdest investors, while fine Ihlproved irri gated lands can be liad a, 156 to $40 per acre. Hotel, livery stable, sh. n, butcher shol-paying big profits--clheap, if sold soon. We offer opportunities -in; banking, mercantile and creamery business worth inves* tigating. Come in or' wr te 'and let ,us tell you' about one of the mosit beautfitl, most fertile valleys in the w . Don't be indifferent. Investigate. Don't let the grass grow under your feet. I am prepared to offer you valuable information. W. R. Gi ',cock, Missoula, Mont. II I i I I l I Ii I II I PARIS-IS STARTLI BY FLIGHTS FRENCH CAPITAL GOES IN O HAPPY FRENZY OVER AVIA* TORS' PERFORMANCE8. Paris, Aug. 8.-All Paals Isa uj." plane mad over the marvelouas Mnu e of the firit' lap of the 4hI-mile 9 58 country race from Issy Lee dM me through Troyes. Nancy, Meslros. C r levillle and Amions. In which 'lx o ithe eight aviators successfully comp eted the first stage of the trip to Tr yes. All of the officials uinlte in the 1 ellot that the success of the flight " so many machlnes foreshadows the dof Inite conquest of the air. Thou'sands of automoblles gatl ered at Troyes today with the mltoentl n of following the race, the second tap of which starts tomorrow. On a ouist of the difficulty experienced b. the machines yesterday In followln the course It has been arranged t fly marking flags on the spires f the churches along the route. Three military aeroplanes. the rlv-, era of whclh under the rules aael not allowed to participate in the discs, are following fron Mourmelon a4F Le Grand to Nancy today to join thllcon testants when they arrive thel to morrow at the conclusion of th seo ond stage. Hubert Leatham. w was unable to start yesterday on a ount of Illness, started from Paris I his niachlne today In an endeavor tl comin plete the trip to Troyes and place himself on an equal. footing w a his competitors. An hour and xteen minutes later, however. thm alighted on thle land of ails thlpr's chateau.. near Deux, about 4? miles from Paris. FUGITIVE MINISTER 7 ARRIES IN AM ICA New York, Aug. 8.-A disth ulished arrival on the steamer Carac~tt which reached here todair front V ezuela was Uoneral Ramon Tello ndoza, fornmer minister of flinance it Presi dent Castro's cabinet and ata so as socIate of that executive, lhnd lao was imprisoned 1nm Veneaurela shor tly after tihe dllcovery of at plot ag.l at tIhe eomlaes government last 1n voemmber. General Mondosa escaped fr Im Vene zuolu in a sailing sloop, mahf nW Port Wlllelnttud in safety. / AN OLD IDEA Shown to u.eAbsoluly Faisl.y Mot ern Socience. People iraed to thiank ,thlt baldnes. was lne of ithmos things, t pllch tmwo handed down from. generatllai to gou oratlion, from fIthr' to' s t lue a familly theirloom. Seclence has shlown te fl ~enoass of tils belief by proving that bll+ hoes It self is not a constitutional d Ease, hut tile result of a germ Invasulo of which only Herplcnde cat effectoruly rid tlhe soaip. I Washing 'only cluttas tllf scalp pf dqndruff: it doesn't ktll the Wernms. "Desatroy the cause you iaanoyue tIhe offact. ' -, Newbrsu's Horplcid will do this in every case. It Is also" delightful) dressing. " 'Sold by leading druggisq . Suiad 10ou in stsamps for samtple to a Heaplclde Co., Detroit MklIt. One tjolla tbottlep guartntoed. Missoula L) g- ob.,' spe elal agents. SUACKMAILSR AIR STED. SMIlqletown, Conn., A 4-Arrest. ed while stardlling old non ,arord' the oldilerl puanurnFt th e *04ti Green yesterday. Andre Fit patrick aged 100. G. fOk'aath. anti s 0411 Andrew tdo4ýj h#'h l ' fttitif;t4 arearlfig`1 ta hiSkwdb r d biaokmql, x'º)ee "let4 'reis d 'by `.:: CfJlenae W i. l ;',wf= pt a rettly clitien, il it t altbQ 14t'bE Yellowstone Park Excursion Via. Oregon Short Line AUGUST 24 Round Trip Rate From Butte $44.85 This rll e covers all rail fftre, hotel and stage expenses for iiill)leti. jour of 'Thi' park, taking in all poiuts of interest. Itllelmem P the date: Leave Butte 4 p. ui., arriving at en trance of the park 1:45 next morzninlg. This is the cheapest rate and the quickest route from Butte. Make Your Through Pullman Berth Reservation at Once' City 'Ticket Office, No.2 North Main Street, Butte, Mont. F. D. WILSON, D. F. & P. A. Do You Want Six Edison Amberol Records Worth $3,00---FREE? READ THIS OFFER CAREFULLY. This planhl wLas Itade at the Edlson laboratory Orangt , N. J.. fur the purlose of getting you t9 tell your friends about the advanltage of having an dlson pIholograph Id ttelr homes. Yup have had a lot of fun antd pletasure out of your Eldlison. You ought to tell your friends about it and in-duce thOem to got one. Hero Is the plan: Get one of your friends to buly an Edison phono graph of us, add your name to a promnotion certificate, which you may ob tain from uti, and then pick out any six records described in list which you may alno obtaitn at our store. You can got six more by Inducing another sale, uand repeat it until you g(t the entire 24. If the plan works out as well us the Edlson people ex pect, they eill get out another lot of special records later, and you can keep on adding new records as fast sno you Van Induceo other sales. Thls is nILa scheme to work off Inferior records. Every one on this lint has been made for, thi special purpose, by tile best Edison artlsut (as you can woo by the Iint), and all are equal to any Jdlson Amberol records in the regular catalogue. , What is more, you cannot get tlhem in >Ily other way or, at any price, They tare worth 50 cents aplece or $3.00 for the six, but you cannot buy tlen at dotuble these pices,. Then, too, they are records that your neigh bors cannot got unlesa they also take advantage of thsl special plan. If we haven't made the plan clear, call at our store and we will tell you more about it. ORVIS MUSIC HOUSE Icawo&BoyntonC$s Fresh-Airig Are Wonderful Heat Producers They Heat Wlere Others Fall They give June Weatheraduring Winter Months. Are Economical in Fuel Are Easily Managed. Thou spnds are in use all over the U. S. giving best satisfacti'o. Instqll these popular heaters if Comfort is wmnted. aND Vse I sRIumRTavI OtAmLs.OU. SOLD'iY MISSOULA MIRCANTILI.O, . E TAr LISHE 4 i. PAINE, W-EBRRE COMPNY William A. Paine A Mombe Thomas S. DDee hoateste k I"Ihap e Herbert I Potpr . 82 Dyevpnshlreta 5! . o Y. lUtoo Lonard D. Draper ` ,, Cot .., rge o N. , ersoe¥ PR Aff.. Py.B :ChicoI aS rla Boughton. WMlch, fflwlnd6 pl W Dyrne. wAi Calynqet , Mhh,,1$, ' .B tge,,x3 ' lQtAn I'""'Ir S...' - r mm ., mo,,+.+.+~t.,+.+ . .:+gP,,i