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3y1gSir 0VUAN PUSUIIH1NG CO.
a'i .... eo. e M a i sP Watred at the posottlfe at Mlssoula, Montana, as seoondolaes mall matter. SUSSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advmnee.) dS, one month .»....»........».......0.7? a 1sl ', three months .......................... 1.1 .a Dily, ela months ....................... 4.00 ýtly, one year ............................. 8,00 .Potile added for(Borglln countries. TELEPHONE NUMtBR. 3el............... .10 Independent ......10 MISSOULA OPPICE 13, anmd 1t West Main Street. Hamilton Offi.e -3t Main 8t., Hanm liton, Mont. USS8ORIESRWi AAPERS. The Missoullan Is anxious to give Sthe beit carrier service; therefore, sub" seribers are r queuted to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper changed to new address, please gite old address lso. 'Money orders add cbeeks should be made payable to The Missoulika 'Publishing Oompany. iUAftZlltAZT, ARI ARY 11, 1i11. 0FiOOO FOR "5Hi0." Roliad Higgins added another creAlt mark to his legislative record and. won the appreciation of a state when he prodded the reapportionment eodnmittee Into action. Mr. Higgins ealled for prompt action by this com mittee and the house backed him up; the committee was ordered to report the reapportionment bill within twe.ty-four hours. It was a note w-orty incident of the discussion of the Higgins resolution that the mem bers of Speaker McDowell's reappor tionment committee did not manifest any of that mad desire, which the speaker has attributed to them, to se. cure reapportionment. Chairman Do bell of the reapportionment commit tee pleaded for more time, his reason belng that there should be no actl uptil the new-county bills are p~osed of. The George reapportion 'ment bill makes provision for new counties; It is not necesuary to delay on that account; to wait till these county bills are out of the way would push the reapportionment so far back that it could not be reached this ses salon. There is indication that this bill will now see daylight; it has slum bered in the wild-for-reapportionment committee a long time; Higgins roused It Thursday. If he keeps prod-, dplg, he may get the bill through the house, Chairman Dobell's correspon dence to the Butte Miner calls Hig giniian Insurgent. If the work he has been doing lately is Insurgent, we hope "Hig" will continue to Insurge. A MEMORIAL. We have not seen in any Montana newspaper 'the suggestion that there is anything wrong with Colonel No lana's bill, providing for funds to make a statue of Wilbur F. Sanders to be erected in the capitql building. Many of the state's newspapers have com monted upon the bill and all that we have seen in line of this comment has been heartily in support of the propo sitlon. The Nolan bill contains this argument in its own behalf, argument which is enough: "Rocognising Wil bur F. Sanders to have been one of the foremost champions in the en deavor to establish law and order in the pioneer days of the territory of lMontana, who, by his staunch defense of the right and condemnation of wrong, became and was a distinct fac tor in bringing order out of chaos, and by virtue of whose efforts the state now enjoys the blessings of modern clvilisation and government, we, the representatives of the people who have so benefited by Iis life and labors, and in commemoration of his distinguished services to the commnon wealth, appropriate * * the Hutl of five thousand dollars for the pur. pose of assisting in the erection of an naplpropriate statue within the rotunda of the state capitol." This tells the story. The state will approve the bill. A CALAMITY. In the temporary absence of the regular North Carolina editor, the members of The Missoulian staff who remain at home feel called upon to make mention of an awful disaster which has befallen the Tarheel state. it is true that we cannot do justice to the subject, for it is impossible for anyone, not to the manor born, to ap pr(cIlate fully the extent of this latest ialtamlty which has descended upon the. ooinnwoawealth of North Calorina. aut, even to us whose nativity is north of the Mason-Dixon line, it is evident g.at the consequences are serious whleh must follow the Ju S-ei.lt dlenration, delivered from the )forth Co1t+ U bench, that corn iil. i.aot r, and indispen to hVie4 ·Iherty and pursuit of North Caablina. blow. the liie of i*v ar fet be ote. Whatever of affliction has here tofore been virited upon the state is as naught compared with this latest calamity and it is doubtful if its like will eVer come again. Here are thie facts of the case: A lumberman, Newsome by name, tele graphed for four gallons of whisky for his raft hands. The telegram was mls directed through the fault of the tele. graph agent. No whisky arrived, and the raft hands naturally refused to work. A freshet was at its height, and because the raft hands refused to go Into the water without the whisky no rafts were constructed, antd the benefits of the freshet were lost. In the lower court, the plaintUff, with ease and dignity, recovered $500 for the damage brought about by the non-arrival of the famous preventa tive for diseases caused by wet feet. The case went up to the North Caro lina supreme court on appeal, and was reversed on the ground that the damages were too remote and uncer tain. The final court thought that. It re quired "quite a stretch of the Imagi sation to conceive that, had the whis It arrived, the raft would have been rnoperly constructed, loaded, and safely conducted over a heavy freshet and profitably marketed." The court, further said: "Whlilky is very poten. tial at times, but It cannot be relied upon to produce such beneficent re sults as is claimed in this case." Yet there in hope. The court took judlelal notice of the fact that "whis ky Is very potential at times." To this dictum North Carollnans may cling, murmuring to themselves that motto of mouth Carolina which used to be impressed on dispensary whisky bot ties In the Palmetto state: "While we live, we hope." The landseekers, arriving In the Bitter Root from Chicago this week, are amased and look about them to see if they have not made a mistake and landed in lorlda Instead of Mon tana. Champ Clark, as speaker of a house of four hundred members and without authority to accelerate business, will have a hades of a time. The Canadian reciprocity agreement creates a new lineup in the senate; never were party lines no disregarded as they are now. The ]Iks have demonstrated that Hamillton's Interests and those of Mln soula are identical, when It comes to a showdown. The wives of the leglilators will be no less n'elcnoe than the legislators, themselves, when lied Apple day comes. While the Union league teams are talking about baseball, Hamllton's fans are getting their players to gether. The happiest sign of spring that the south-sid& folks see 1i the work of the sewer engineers on their side of the river, IReciprocity in all right unless It affects your own special product; then, like the wool tariff, it Is .Ill wrong. Please note the wild enthusiasm of the men selected by Speaker Mc Dowell to handle the reapportionment. Higgins is an effective as the Red Apple banquet In keeping Missoula prominently on the map. Higgins smoked thelmn ut; the re apportionment commninittee cquldn't hold out against himn. A few more letters from home will stir the legislators to act on the prl mary bill. If a man is on the square, the stat ute of limltations is of smaill account to himu. Again Montana serves as the ter rible -xamnple in federnl senate discus loine. The reapportionment .committee of the house has evidently heard some thing. You shoull not delay longer the pulrhtthajue of your Red Aplile ' ianqluet seat. Thie weather nlut is furlishling snmo lRtd Applel weather. Hilggin is on the job, all right. A POOR REASON F.ergus County Democrat-The ob jection advanced In the senate by those Itposed to apportionment was that the matter should be held up pending ac tion on the various county division schemes. This would mean that the bill would never be acted on at the present sesslon, for unquestionably some of the 15 or 20 new county bills '!Ill linger along until the very last day of the sesaion. There is ground for apprellension over the fate of thile bill In the house. There its foes are more numerous and more powerful. But there are reasons for believing that the manli fest justice of the measure nmay serve to put it through. If such is not the case, the Twelfth legislative assem bly shall have failed signally to per form one of its most important duties., STEAMER ON FIRE. Dover, Feb. 10.-- ire broke out In the mliscellaneous cargo of the Rus slani steamer Iituanla after the vessel sailed from Newcastle last Thursday add she approached this port today ignalling for assilstanrtc. she entered Wla £or essort*4 by u. . . Orchids By Frederle J. Haskin. With the faahionablr weddings and elaborate pre-Lental social events conmes an increased demand for orchids. This year the florists find it more tax Ing than ever, for In ftahtonable so ciety the orchid in the flour de lure heside which the longest stemmed American beauty or the straggliest chrysanthemum lpees into mediocrity. The cost of orchids render them pro hlhitive to any but American million aires, and there Is little prospect of them hecoming cheaper when the de mand is so In excess of the supply. A single bouquet of orchids recently sent to a New York actress cost $1,000, while $2,500 is not an unusual price to pay for an orchid table decoration for a email dinner or luncheon. . When it comes to decorating a ballroom or res Idence a good-%lsed fortune securea cnmnAratlvely small effeets. While orchid srowing has made rapid strides within the past decade. Amerti Ean orehili culture is In Its lofanc, as comperdd with ]Engtand and the Buron penn nations. Despite thin there Is a greater general familiarity with the flowers in America than in Burope. and In no other country in the world are they used so lavishly for decora tions. The English culture them with care and pride themselves upon their sclentific development. but few ltg lish hostesses wnould presume tq use them upon their table or for their own adornment. While nearly all orchids are importa tlons at the beginning, there are few. If any, of the imported plantr' sold ec ceptlng to sclentific collectors or for breeding. Only the hybrids are hardy enough to be valuable for the florists' trade. The hybridization of orchids Is an intricate, but rapidly developing science, Often two orchdls from wide Iv separated localities arebombined by hvbridisation and a plant developed which is suitable to the climate of the greenhouses of the temperate sone. The orchid is undoubtedly the most Irregular flower that growr. The many blotches 'which eaune the high value of some varieties are In reality the resulr of irregular distribution and assimilatiqp. Perhaps in its perfect state the flower has but one color and 5,000 blooms may have occurred to have developed the wonderful blotches. Por more than a century men have risked their lives and encountered the most .deadly danger.' in orchid hunt ing. There is not, and cannot be, any other quest quite so perilous. The rarest blossoms are found In the most inaccessible places, generally In tropi cal Jungles where poisonous snakes and Insects cause the white man practi cally to take his life in his hands, when he enters them, even if he Is not con fronted with the additional terror of fierce Avages. Leon Humboldt, a French collector, at a recent banquet, stated that he had met and dined with six orchid hunters In Madagascar and within four years four of them were dead. Within six years, Humboldt was the only sur vivor, A London orchid firm recently admitted that five of their men were killed by spies In the western Hima layan mountains within as many months. Last year two hunters from New York, after increditable hardship, ILbshed their way Into the heart of a Venezuelan forest. There they came upon a good-sised hut containing 350 alligator skinrs and thousands of dead orchids. There were three human skel etons and some rusty rifles and tools. From between the ribs of one qkeleton grew an orchid of rare beauty. The Indications were that these.three col lectors had been murdered by natives before they were able to get their spec imens ready for transportation. Frequently orchid collectorrs' have been held prisoners for years by sav age tribes. George Banault, a French man, went In quest of a rare white or chid only to be found at the top of the Andes mountalns. He was captured by a rebel tribe of Columblan' Indians and held a captive for four years. Dur Ing this time he lost the largest part of his collection although he was for tunate in being able to preserve his rarest plants. Most orchids are air plants qnd commonly grow on branches of trees or on tall cliffs. In the tropics the most deadly snakes are frequently found on trees. An .American orchid bunter last year ordered one of his native guides in Brazil to climb a tree to secure a rare plant. The boy pro tested that it was a "snake tree," but the American believing 'the native war shamming, insisted, The boy climbed the tree, secured the plant and was startinllg to descend when a black, sword-like object ahot out, striking him on the arm. He fell to the ground, dying in convulsions a few minutes !atsr, leaving the American huntee alone with the plant which hat cost a human life. The story of the "Lost Orchid" has been frequently referred to as fictiton although the plot really existed. Mo;'i than 40 years ago an apothecary named Falrree In Liverpool received a large orchid from Assam which was pr' 'tuterned of great value, and under the name of C'yerlpedlumn 'airreenurm Ie carne well known to scientists. A number of plants were raised front It but within a few yeugs all had diled sod the species 'became ex'lnct. le rou,-' it had been oonsid.ot.d so tde sairable for hybrldisation purposes every possible means for Its discovery was considered, and for 46 years orchid hunters devoted their time and risked their lives In its quest: At least 16 lives were lost In search of the "Lost Orchid," and $10,000 was offered by the London Horticulture society for its rediscovery. During the Russo-Japa nese war, L. L. Beabright of the Brlt ish army, discovered the species again at the top of a perilous cliff in Thibet, 7,000 feet above the sea level, Mr. Beabright secured 179 plants which he was able to sell In Londan for $2,750 In addition to the $10,000 reward he received. The fact that America has been be hind in interest in orchid culture is partially due to the fact that the inter ests of the country have rfst been largely centered In localities where the r:Uet yl-loties bave b*een oUQ0 , IlOgl our connections with the Philippines end other tropical oountlles, Amerlcans have awakened to the value of orchids. The Philippine lklands furnish several rare varieties which have been brought to America in quantities during the ltat five years. The National Mu seum and Smithsonian institution in Washington are giving considerable at ttntion to orchidae so that it is now pe.sible for the orchid student to re ceive much help.. Routh America is known to contain mi mberless orohids of exceptional beauty. With the development of the South American republics comes thA realisation of the commgecial and sei ertiflc value of it. flora. For the past century the orchids of Mexico and (entral America have been well known to the scientists of the world and many o;' those now sold in American cit.:e are cross 'reeds fronm these products. Within the narrow confines of Pan ama canal zone the U1nlted States has lately come in posessinon of a rare or chid field. Panama is the home of two very distinctive orchids, the Santa Maria and the Santas sprite, which are to be found nowhere else. The Ranta Marlsa orchid is pure white and of rare fragrance. The Santa lRoprite has a deep purple flowet with strange ly formed anthers which present per fectly the form of a. white dove In its center. The wife of one of the offi cers of the Isthmian Canal commission is an enthusiastic orchidist and for four years has been actively engaged in studyhlg the produbta of the Isth mus. Through her aid much material has been secured by the Smithsonian institution regarding Panamanian or chids. Last month the institution sent William R. Mason, an orchid special ist, to assist in the biological survey of the canal zone with special reference to orchid production. His report will give full details regarding the only native orchid gardens possessed by Uncle Stam in this hemisphere. The development of orchid trade In Panama will be of great value to American florists because of the com a arative ease with which the plants can be secured. Several dealers in Colon during the past year have been making regular consignments to New York firms. The largest single ship nient made last year was a barrel of lants valued at $1,700, all of which were collected within easy radifus of the canal zone. The great dangers attending the quest of orchids must of necessulty keep their prices high until their reproduc tion by florists is rendered more di pendatle. The process of hybridiza tion if. still attended by so many risks tnat some times a hundred sprouts may not produce a Single perfect plant. The work of the orchid hunter is also itely to continue for years because there is so great a need for native plants for propagation purposes. The hybrids may bloom well and seem hardy in their individual life but they cannot be depended upon for repro duction. The naming of orekst si an Interest Ing feature of their culture, especially in London which Is thq center of their greatest interest. A qiarter of a cen tury ago Dr. Lindley of the Royal Hor ticulture society, usually named the plants in honor of their discoverer. Now, however, growers and buyers vie with each other in securing the privi lege of naming npw pluints. No higher compliment can be paid to a fashiona tle belle than to haoea. rate orchid named for her, so at several rpcent or chid exhibitions in London tl right to name new plants has been sold to the highest bidder and the competition has been stronger than for the plants themselves. Tomorrow--Subways. dlitor Mlssoullan-Dear Sir: In your valuable paper of February 7, 1 saw an article under the capt,on of "An Opinion" and slgned "A Sub scriber," dealing with the recent series of meetings in the tabernacle. Now "Subscriber" charges that evil has re sulted from these meetnpgs and, also charges Mr. Lowry with uilnr crude and illogical arguments. , Now, as to illogical arguments let's see what kind of logle "Bubscriber" uses. The fol lowing quotation from "An Opinion'" will show. "Now those who have been influenced, honest, simple folk-I am saying naught against them, save this: if they are deficient in mental stamina they are not much of a positive influ ence in a community one 'way or an other, converted or unconverted." Any sane man will admit that no one will knowingly do himself an Injury. Wb IY a man becomes paralysed with drink we say he is a fool, consequently he must be devbid of mental stamina and, as he is invariably hauled before the magistrates and fined for being a positive influence for bad how will '.Subscriber.s" logic hold in that case. Ninety per 'cent of all crime is com mitted by Ipeople who have not the mental stamina to resist the tempta tions to lawlessness. So, we see if Mr. Lowry could only influence this class he has done a wonderful good; for such giant minds as "Subscriber's" we will admit that even the "Al* mighty" could not influence them. Here is some more "logic" from "Subscrib er's" pen. "Missoula has spent in the neighborhood of $4,000 in the interest of these revival services. Now, let's balance the ledger. What have we got to show for it." The average cost of each attendant at those meetings was 6% cents for 21 hours enjoyable music and uplifting spiritual influence. The average colt in money was $4.61 per convert, which even "Subseriber" will admit is very reasonable. That amount wduld only buy 46 boxes of fool sticks, or the price of about 35 potations of boose. Burely that is not an exorbi tant price for a human soul, "Sub scriber" Is far cheaper than Judas Is cariot. Four thousand dollars would not run Missoula saloons. 10 days, whereas It ran the revival five weeks. `Of course, the saloons are of far more value to Missoula than tha churches or hev r eevlvg The u1aoo a ot eor* rapt good morals, does not make a man neglect his work (only, those who are deflilent in mental stamina) does not make widows and orphans. does not make taxes greater, does not ruin young girls, does not blight bright in tellects, does not necessitate a polloa oreoo to keep ordqr or anything like that. Oh,. no. Here Is some more from the same source. "And now what of the others? What' about the influence on the girl who receives her impressions of dan clng from M'. Lowry's remarks on the subject? What trend has been .given to her thoughts?" We sincerely hope it has given her shock enough to keep her from the public dance hall. Would "Subscriber' want a daughter of bins to be a confirmed habitue of the public dance halt? Between each danre in these places the male portion. or a ma onrity of them, adjourn to the saloon for a drink and, then return to the corrs and smoke a cigarrette, and b tlime they get Intd the hal again thnmell like a glue facto' 'The inc ed .timulatlon of boo heat of the room, the pressure of bdiee does it fall to rouse evil passions? Then .what of- those who have not the megtal stamina, to withstand tempta tin ? AhI my dear "Suhscriber," you little know of what you speak. Ask 90 oit of every 100 denisens of the lower world and they will all tell you t dance was the beginning. And yet they are a; positive influence for bad in a community, and they had not the mental stamina to resist temptation. If Mr..Towry can only keep on influ encing those whc have not the "men tal stamina" to decide for themselves he will be doing more for the world than millions of "Subscriber's" call ber "Subscriber" knows far more of the commentaries on the Bible than of the Bible itself, unless he just visited the public library to pick out these books and found out of what they treat. Did Ingersoll, Paine, Hobbes, Voltaire or any of the world's most frmous agnostics who professed to the world to disbelieve the 'plan of salva tion devise anything of value in its place? Can they show anything better? Why do not sclentists explain the creation? Why disbelieve anything until we have something of definite value to take its place. Look at the following from "An Opinion." "And then there have been these cottage prayer meet Ings. I firmly believe in the efficacy of prayer. But not in the efficacy of too many prayers. And I have some times wondered whether these women might not better he praying with the pots and pans, busying themselves with their 'housekeeping, their child. raising, and home-making." If their children were as strong-minaed as "Subscriher" the women would better put in their time praying for them to be more simple. If their children are devoid of "mental stamina" they had better be praying for them to never fail under the influence of such as "Subscriber." A. M. MILES Hamilton. Feb. 9, 1911. STREET LIGHTING Bilings Gaszette-Whatever may be the merits of the Woody bill pending in the state legislature allowing cities to form districts for ornamental light ing, the fact remains that there is no better thing a city can do In the way of advertising itself as 4 wideawake, bustling community with a. proper sense' of the aesthetic, than to install such a systen' of art lighting as is found In the business sections of Bil lings. Whether it is the best that the ma jority of the people shall be empowered to create lighting districts and thus to force their reluctant neighbors to get into the pathway of progress or whether it would be best to allow the work to be. pprsued according to the voluntary action of the citizens is a question that cannot be decided off hand, but that art lighting has. a prac tical value and the people of a copn munity in which it is installed are bound` to benefit, no one who has watched the experiment in Billings will question. Billings is pleased with its art lights and would like to have many more of thqm. Whether the work of extend ing the limits shall be done by means of districts or whether as in the past it will be dependent upon the desires of individual property owners, there is every reason to believe that so vast has been the improvements made 'by the installation of the lights that Bil lings will witness a material extension of the cluster lights limits within the near future. THE PRIMARY FACTS Great Falls Leader: Those demo cratic members of the Twelfth as sembly at Helena who are wont to rise In place and make announcement of democracy's love of the primary law must be either remarkably short of memory or phenomenally elastic of con science. "If it had not been for the re 1ublleans two years ago, when they refused to pass 'the primary law we wanted,, we should not now be balloting for senator without a choice," re marked one of them, wildly;' in joint sesesilon the other day. rt .. The vociferous gentleman might have gone farther in truth, and yet no farther than last July, and made state ments that were it not for the dem ocratic state convention of Montana a democratic United States senator would have been named the first voting day of the sseulon. To refresh the memory; last July the democratic state ponvention met in Livingston and for many weeks before hand the question of indorsement of a United States senator was topic of discussion in pub lic place and rostrum-democratic, the Butte Miner alone leading the fight against any such 'propositlon, to be Joined at the last moment by the Hel ena Independent. That it was the wish of the rank and file that a candidate be Indorsed there is not the slightest question, but when it came upon the floor of the conven tion it was different. Starting ,out with ah assurance of Indorsement,. democracy yet managed to nullrfy th.. wih4 slDbeli Ue n=Witoeo1n 4 urovwir NEW PUMPS and OXFORDS Three immense shipments of New Spring Low Shoes, in all the new and up-to-date styles. Get your size early. "ONYX" HOSIERY AT NEW YORK PRICES MAPES & MAPES HEARTS ARE TRUMRS, BUT GOOD AR WARE MAKES HAPPY NEG9HDB EARTS. SHAT SAVES LABOR SaRROW'~n s AND TIME. EYA1J4rl . WE SELL THE DID YOU EVER HAVE ;ANYBODY TO BORROW YOUR SHOVEL AND NOT BRING IT BACK? WELL. DON'T BORROW YOUR NEIGHBOR'S THINGS BUY YOUR OWN. AND BUY AT THE STORE THAT HAS YOUR INTER ESTS AT HEART--THE STORE THAT FEELS THAT STHEY MAKE MONEY BY GIVING YOU A 'SQIARE ,DEAL. THAT'S OUR KIND OF A STORE--THE SQUARE DEAL KIND. McGUFFEY HARDWARE CO. PENWELL BLOCK. MISSOULA; MONT. L ET electricity do some of your work. It will do it cheaper and faster than you can. A single motor will run the sewing machine, polish everything that needs polishing, and grind the knives. It will also remove cooking odors from'the kitchen, ventilate the bedroom, and make the furnace give more heat. It is the Westinghouse General Utility Motor--one motor with the simplest possible attachments for all these different duties. Call and see it operate. Costs no more than an ordinary motor. Current costs less than a cent an hour. MISSOULA LIGHT & WATER COMPANY ed to have come high. State chairman, now" state senator, W. B. George and T. J. Walsh, now strenuous candidate for United States senatorship, led the fight upon the floor of the convention for indorsement then and there of a candidate for senator, predictions being, in event of democratic success, ex actly what has come to pass in the present legislature. The fight was a brilliant one, but the powers that be pulled the strings, and the flood swept away the advg ates of convention in dorsement: Idlidentally it might be mentioned that the democratic candi date afterward for congress, having sworn that he never would stand for anything but senatorial indorsement by the convention, sat supinely by and floated with the flood. It was a most humillating exhibition In several ways, and officially put the skids under any proposition of primary indorsement by the democratic party in convention asse.led in the state of Montana. Under the circumstances legislative babes in the woods who proolaim democracy's love for tie pri mary law in Montana have another pIee coming, and tl.tt Il putting it mu?~t mJIIQiy AFTER A SUSPECT. Los Angeles, Feb. 10.--Samnuli L, Brown, chief of the district attorney's detective bureau, left tonight for Eac ramento, Cal., carrying requisition pa pers to be signed by the governor for Joseph Tischeer, under arrest at Ideala, Okla., as S suspect In the Los Angeles Times dynamitiuo case, Tischner is ,ald to havse b' ;dentfiled as David 'Caplan, one of ahro who are alleged to have purchased the dynamite with which the Times plant was destroyed, with 21 of its men, on dctober 1, 1910. The kalest Man la Tewn Is Bob Mercer- ESS-TEE.DEE 30o MERCER. Grand Pslifle Barber Shop Missoula - . Montana Distriot Agent, WiplIease and Retail 3welnge Cleaning a" Alterlng Suits asn overcoats made to order. FLOOD a4HUP¶oLp Tasier i35 W. Cedar, opti ...iow ,,bm -.....-.., Ia Pboqa .I -