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Day to the Teir.
Pvuaumto o.ra ~t6It &~k the otoie aat 36mnil,0 SMoat* p .a iuýId-otah mall matter. " -sO I m ,TrON RATS. • Adwvana.) ..om ath , --, ........-...,7 Inr t lmonths ...-·-, .SB , el monthS ................... 4.00 eap', f o nthe ,.............................. 8.00 *ee48' Td toolsan 'countries. TeLEPHONE NUMIIR. .. 11 Iidepenaent....J1O 123 and 131 West Manl treet. Hamilton Offlee t21 Main St., l1am llton, Mont. SUSSORISERS PAPIIRS Tb Mlssoulan is anxlous to give the best arrier service; therefore, sub aerlhe are requested to report faulty delWehr at once. In ordering paper ehad to nnew" address, pleasce ive old address also. Money Orders and chedes should be madh payable to The Mlssoultan Publishing Company. SUNDAY, PEB3RUARY 21. 1911. PASSING EVENTS Ia a very few days we shall be able to say the Twelfth assembly "was." For tour days it will be "Is" and then the adjournment, In accordance with the coastitutlonal limitation, will peas the asenmbly Into history. The four daes that remain gitve promise of strenuous scenes, If the ilwmakers are to' attain anything like the record which they have mapped out for them selves and which their friends have In mind for their performance.. The past week brought a good deal of routine development In the capitol at Helena; In the matter of some of the Impor tant qusetions which are yet pending before the two houses, the week which closed last night seemed to bring little more than a squarlng-away for the final spurt. The outcome of the senatorial contest not the wisest and most experienced forecaster In Mon tana politics is willing to venture mere than the opinion that It looks like a deadlock. There is the possi bility that the democrats will yet efl feet a compromise, but It is not re garded as likely in view of the wide difference which has grown up be tween the Walsh men and the forces which are arrayed against the candl dacy of the Helena lawyer. The de sired apportionment of the house rep resentation has been disposed of most satlsfactorily. There Is a likelihood that the governor will have an agreed primary-election law before him for signature before the adjournment comes. There are other important matters in a fair way to be disposed of before the session ends-mudr more likely, Indeed, than seemed possible a fortnight ago. The pressure of public sentiment had never found such frank and positive expression as during the days that preceded the passage of the reapportionment bill and the attempt to compromise on a primary-election law. This talk from home had the effect of overcoming whatever other Influence there was at work. THE SITUATION - Speaker Mc Dowell thinks The Mlssouliuan owes him an apology for the estimate which we placed upon his reapportionment committee and Its purpose and asks It we do not think so, too. lFrankly, we do not think we are in the speaker a debt to that extent. However, we feel bound to accept the word of a gentleman and the speaker says that be had no' ulterior motive when he appointed that committee; he says that.the dual representation whioh was accorded to silver Bow and Lewis and Clark and Deer Lodge ,eeuntles was merely a coincidence. Accepting the word of the speaker, we were wrong; If we were wrong, we are extremely sorry that we did the speaker an in justice. Mr. McDowell will, we are sure, admit that the appearances were a very much against him, especially as his reapportionment committee held the reapportionment bill in its pigeon hole until popular clamor became so loud that it could not be disregarded r and, also, that the only ultimate op- h position to the reapportionment bill v came tr m members of that committee, i after a resolution of the house had compelled It to disgorge the dusty bill. uat the reapportionment bill is now a lw; its enactment was attended by a practically unanimous vote. To that , extent, The Missoulian was surely t right. We have no hard feelings in the matter now that the George billl is a law and it It will make it any c gmore clear that we are satisfled, we , will say that we apologise for any 1 wrong that we have done Speaker Mc- U Powell, at the same time. expressing c tbe hope that Mr. Speaker will not t L tm himself so wide open to suse . O44VI.iT. , - Thu week ft attlataoekry reslits In legis- tl U 14' as Ne state uallverhlty I 4 was concerned. Assuming that the recommendations of the appropriation committee are favorably considered, the university will fare well when the - final accounting is made of the work of the session. It has been a matter of deep satisfaction to the friends of the university to note that the senti ment throughout the state t.es been so favorable toward that institution. It Indicates that the aims of the uni versity are appreciated and that the ,75 excellence of its work is becoming 00 known. For two years the university .00 lha been seriously hampered .in its *a work bt its' necessarily limited funds. There has been no dispohitlon to com plain on that account, but It is good 2 to itioy that the Institution is to have * more leeway now that the state is in et shape to be more liberal, The scope of the university's work will be en larged in a general way next year. In some special directions, too, the work will be extended. Notably is this true of the possibilItles which the establishment of the law school at the university opens up. Of this there has b been much .said lately, all over the ty state, and the comment has been fa er vorable almost entirely. There will be many young men attracted to the state to university by its Jaw school, who 7 would, otherwise, tchve sought their m education elsewhere. THE DIXON MEMORIAL-Already The Miasoulian has spoken of the significance which attaches to the In splendid memorial gift which Mrs. William Wirt Dixon has made to the in university law school in honor of her th late huaaband. Further reference to as this subject is suggested this morn. ar Ing by the very pleasing story which ,f comes from Washington and which oe contains Judge Hunt's reminiscence of d Judge Dixon. This story Includes . pleasing recollections, also, by mem n bers of the federal supreme court of it their association with the late Judge e Dixon. There has been no incident ; In connection with the more recent development of the university nwhleh g is richer In suggestion or more fertile h In significance than this timely and e helpful gift from Mrs. Dixon. It will ie in the first place, establish a monu e ment to the memory of one of the d really great man of Montana. In the . second place, it will stand as a aug v gestive example to others that they j can benefit their state more by en dowing a department at the state unl versity than by the qrection of a marble shaft in some remote spot. o Montana owes to Mrs. Dixon a great debt of gratitude and the friends of s the university should signify their ap . predation of her thoughtfulness. Mrs. - Dixon's hbenefaction Is an inspiration to renewed effort by the Oniversity's I friends. It is a splendid example, UNWISE HASTE-The state senate Indorsed the Canadian reciprocity plan without knowing what it wus doing. un the general proposition, the ques tlion of Canadian reciprocity would find general Indorsement and it was evidently the belief of the Montana senate that the reciprocity which they went on record as approving, was the genuine article. As we learn the do tails of the Canadian measure, it seems more and more that it is a rne- it sided proposition. During tile week, t The Missoullan gave the opinion of II Senator Dixon in regard to this par ticular form of reciprocity. Recent expressions from other parts of the mountain and prairie states, backed e by the official statement of the Na- ' tional grange, Indicate that the opln- a ion of Mr. Dixon is shared by all the f' western senators who represent agrl cultural Interests. It is in the Interest of the farmer that thile opposition to the reclproclty bill i. nmde. The Montana senate would do well to In form Itself regarding the provisions of the reciprocity bill before rushing blindly to its Indorsement. It is cer tain that not many of the senators understood the nature of the proposed a'reement when they Indorsed it. WORKING WILL-It In likely that the Montana legislature would be glutd to back up on another propositionl if it had a chance. Had the question 4,1 swoman suffrage been deferred In It1 introduction into tils sesslon, until after the results of t.e Hcattle elec. tions became known, it is pretty cur. taln that It would have receve3 a more favorable consideration; It mllight have secured the two-thirds !naj.lrrity which was necessary and whlc, it did not receive. The record e'hicih wemani suffrago haus made in Seattle has been une of tihe greatoet argu. ments .hlichl history has produced in support of the contention for equarl rights. Heattleo has been drawn front the grasp of a rotten ring bSy the hands of lwomen. Good governmernt has been given great impetus in tie coast city by the participation of wo men in the politics of Heattle. It is not easy to see how there can be any opposltmon to the exercise of the fran chise by women, in view of the record that Seattle has twlce shown this month, From the Atlantle seaboard, however, the week brought the alarm- t ing news that the militant suf- a tragettes can no longer keep away; they are scheduled to break into New York moon, The contrast between the it West and the east in thin respect is in great aend is all to .the advantage, of C, the west. As we said before, the men to at Helena would probably have acted 'k differently if thtdy had had tinls bit of K' recent history to guide them. I- PIE AND SLEEP-A famous doctor to once said; "FJncourage your child to It be merry and to laugh aloud-." This I- physician was surely not speaking of io Amencan children, for being merry 5 is characteristic of the growing Y Yankee, while laughing aloud does not ts need to be cultivated by the first 5. school age: not If the pictures one )- sees and the moundis one hears in the id residence sections establish a cri 1e tenon. The AmnerlCalt child, In normal n circumstances, Is $otn to- a heritage 1c of Joy and: lrth and laughter. En En couragement Is as unnecessary as an r. Invitation .%,a hungry boy to have te another pleroCf pie. A champion has Is arisen to enter the lists for that 1e hitherto friendless wight, the boy witl 0e the Insatiable appetite for pie and the t mouth to fit a generous triangle. Dr. 0e Woods Hutchinson ofrNow York, who h has a national reputation, gained by M writing page after page of health :6 hints for leading pullications, says: o "If he aslks for a second piece of pie, Ir 'give it; yen, give him the sixth. Give the boyS all tl' ple bhe wants. When he gets enough he'll know it. His system craves It, or he would't ask o for it." If that isn't an epoeth-nmaking o declaration of rights for the urchin, what is? Wily, It's a veritable M'agtla o Charts for the growing boy. "W'hen r he gets enough, he'll know it." That usentence means that the pie Industry of the United Htates will grow and I flourish apace, from rocky Maine. wh here the dreamn-developing mince I)le has its home, from the pumpkin pi. belt of sandy Michigan to muddy M4slslssippi, where the juicy blueberry ) pie assists the three-times-a-day-bis Scult ,n promoting Indigestion-from t coast to coust, from border to border. t th'ere will be in Increased pie pro ductllon that will Ii',icomel a genera tion's wonder. (live the small boy 1 enough p1e, enough so that he will tell you, himself. that h a hun had sulf ficient? Why, dear doctor. it can't )eI done. I)r. Hutchnslon shutters int I other delusxln of mnaternity inl the silame paragraph with the one that ad •vances his theory concerning the small boy as it fleld for phl. long has it beenl the customil of nmothlers tto call their progeny front the feathers at a stuted hour ealh morning. aind to ln slat on oldlielnce. Dr. Hlutchinson conies to the support of the stand token by the small boy t-who growls "Ye'an" to the (call for breakfast, turns over. gots to sleep agailn ailnd has to be removed froml bed by force. "ILot hml1 sleep." says the doctor. "iHe ileds the sleep: if lie didn't, he wluuld not object to getting up." Home day the boys of America will contribute a pedThy each and build to their friend, the physician, a nonunulent that will make the I.iffel tower seem "a dimple iIn fllt face of nature," to qluote Judge Myers. REMEDIAL LEGISLATION-Mas sacusetts Is generally well at the front in remedial legislation. iThe newest instance is furnished )by A. J'. Pills bury of Boston, who has caused to be Introduced in the legislature a bill to mitigate the evils of litigation over the last .lills and testunlents of de cedents, to use tilt' technlica lauhnglage of tile measure itself. The bill pro vides that "atiy willl or codicil may, at tihe optiuli of the testator, be of fered for proof and pro'ved in his ilfe time." Just as the law now provides |ii case of a Inun wltho has died. Of Head of Canal Operations Recent pioture of Colonel George W. Goethals, in charge of the building of the Panama canal, w'.io has returned to the United States at the direotion of oonglrees to give a detailed accoount of the presoent development of his work. Colonel Goethals insists that the Panama canal can be made a paying proposition for the United States by the maintenanoe of a supply of coal and oil, to be furnished to boats going tbhrough the oanal by the United States and further handling of the entire proposition just as an individual would. Stlhis proposed law, the Bloomington, f (Jll.) Pantangrfs speaks as follown: n "The advantages are numerous and il anilntfet. It i itn common thing to 1tuvie a will attlcked on the ground of Insanilty, or mental Incompetence, or undue Influence. flow much better to r have this done during the lifetime of n the testator when he In able to answer s for himself. Willis are often made f years before thAe death of the testator e and why shomld they not be offered for t proof when 'made? It in claimed that t thin bill, proposed for a law In Mas t aehusetts, Is the first of Its kind ever a offered before a state legislature In this country, but there is no reason why It should be the lIst. It seems I to be based on reunin and equity." li lHving partleil,lstd in a victorious camplnlign for suffrnge on the vwemt rount, Mintoiula'm Miss f Rltkin goes to the eant coast to take up the fight. In she I prophet without honor in her t own hone? Tie assnurance is gratifying that there Is no great damlnger to Americane In Mexico, but It seems unnecessary, Suas there Ippearn to be no great danger to anybody there. Itvetn the snowstormn does not con cetl 'the signs of spring. The saw mills are starting early and tlife Inl ldoor bnrleb;ll season draws to t close. I I),io the men who are Indorsing the rni llrroity plaii In its presenlt forml, realise that they nare approving a mneasturte that will reduce the value of Monltana farm lands? In tlthe closing hunrs of tihe Twelfth iiseiobly, the Iron h:tiid is firmer iln its grasp than ever; Its iressrllr i c1s vi dent In the prim:lary-election Joke that is being ierpetrateld. The very word, rEt liroelty, impilien tlhlt there alre two shides o tihe iproposl thion; ut there is only (ut' slide to the melnlure which is now under con sideratlion. In tile Indoltr hiasntll sertles, I Is liup to the home' talent to take a fall out of the lhliomingttoi teiain; the unI verslty Itl dI, Ia fizzle of it. AlIn, tlhere are t.i' t midies to thie rate devilon; we Shall se' the brighter ono wlhnll the rltilway presilents gtet througs, talking. New York Induliges in ci riot over tile appearance of a1 hareni skirt; and In Matnhattatn they talk about the 'provincialism of the wtest. l:von with nothing dtlone, the loglh Il tolr will be welimm'ied honme, for with their return the possibility Is removed iof their doing sHiomething wrong. Are the' powers-thlnt-lie pilanning to trot out a dark horse' which In so well dlisgoulsed that the Walsh men will not recognixe tihe brand? A reward has been posted for the discovery of the permsn ,who told thei' university boyth that they could play tIldoor 'basebtill. Judge Den tilndmsay f DeI)tnvierc in doirses womalln suffrage hlie has had exeriene nd he an lie has tihe ability to judge. Tihe loss of tile Bandmllnn tIllbrary Iand stage wardrobje Is a I loss to the entire dramatic world and to literature: It is more thanll personal. WiUtl tverybody joining Illhand wllt every3l.dy, the pull-together will bei Irresistible. I|,sltthhs mimn'l excellent wolman oteitrs, Seaittle has snllome mighty fine police l)enocrlllttn t the capltl 'continue to talk hatrmony but they don't act it. T'lhe Or'ehtlardl omlnes ftrmers haLve the right ildela i thie reciprocity ,lau. We iare willing to recipelrottt If the other fellotws will also reciprocate. Mondlay. Tuesday. W'etsdity, ThIs ursltly-lutdjmournttenllt. Cardinal Answers Edison CARDINAL GIBBONS. t (Edwtrd Marslhal. in Matel C.?.r-l bian.) Cardinal (llilbons°' uat'rsioll to con troversy is very well known: it wtns - reluctantly, in view of the wide pub O licity given to Mr. l'dlson's opinions on the soul, on God and other nmatters touching religluln, that he consented to receive us and comment upon the " utterances of tile great inventor. itWhen- we -were ushered into his study, we found the venerable prelate busy at his desk. Active, ulert, vigor o)us, hie shows few traces of age; yet SIte is now completing 50 years of min Slastry, of uhard, unceasing labor and great achievement, a period to Ie fit tingly Imarked this year by the cele bration of the golden Jubilee ,of hie e priesthood. lie greeted us with ca n kindly courtesy that matde us fe'i ltI t meudiately at home. "Your nEmitnence has rctad Mr. Edison'N interview?" we suggesteld. "Carefully, very carefully," he re' plied, with deliboeration. "And I re gret exceedingly - that hll has given sulch views to the public; for I ad mire Mr. Edison's genius. Solne )be little him as a mtere necItantle. I have no patience with such a view, fAr no tantt could achi'eve wh\i) Mr. Edisotn has uehlteved . tithout extratordinary mental powers. IHe is tet represelntt tive of American inve.ntive, g.itus andI has brought glory upon our country itn the whole world; he is truly a mnarvel, and, ais ,well, a grealt henefactor of the race. lie haus been intentsely, devoted to his Iptrsults;: nd he has paid the penlalty Jilzt as D)rwln did, Just Ia .ec nmany of our great men do. Darwirn bentlotnod at ,the ened of iis life'. you know, that his il'tcire:( dert'tion to scicnue tl'vestigation had atrophlled hIis Illse' of poetry, of mtusic, Uand I know\ not what: I would ' add. 41is wenslle of religion.. for thle relligious tplrit. if not cultivated will die too.te Slohas it been with Mr. tdisop; he has slniten ed his own nlind. just as l)arwin did, by a too one-sided exercise of its powers. He talks with great freedonm, and. I may say. with not a little eiontemlelpt, of theology; but one suspects that he has beonl too occupied, and pIerhaps too contemnptous of th1e)logy. to devotel much time to Its study. One suspects that his acqulaintance with it is almost limited to fragnclentary reinilllntscellc'ees of sermons heard Ill boyhood days." "Your Itimnence. then. finds lina very skeptical?" "Skeptical?" tile cardinal smileld. "Not In the least, It fact, he is astonishingllly dogmatic. See!" Ihe said, Its lie took tie Jtanuactry C('olullblan, acel pointed to severctl l umarked passages. "Assoertionl, assertion everywhere. F'ree ly given to the public. The proofs? He does not offer any. ucdl at pro cedure is ilot expected of an eminent scientist. It Is expected, indlced, of It pope, for It Is a pope's office to decide and define, while he leaves It to theologians to discuss and prove'. Even tile p)ope does not dolmatize until the questionll blus been discussed for cen turies and settled by tile voice of ex perts. But here is a scientist who pro claims dogmas to the public; and he seems to ask tes to belliev thenl-be cause he hblieves theel. If hle spoke tas the head oif it school, he might refer us to their arguntellts; but I do 'inot know for whom hee' sIpeaks. Not fIr the ncaterialists, bteccause lie believel s lattler clannot explitn atll: not fer 'the Ideallsts, for he. believes in matter: not for the Ieonists. evlcntly: nlt' lt foer1 thle agnlostics, for he acklnowvledges Ie Supremen Iltellligence; lor for ther Pantheists, co ftar, at leiast, as he re \'ellls his mndlll. In fuct, I ernnlot ( pl!ace Mer. Eldiseon. I eie Iot know ulny school that would claim himl. All I can be sure of is that he doglinutize- I un his a It n aeccount." , "Your ,lllnellecn e weill k aly ilint I out sOclle instanclles of this dog. renatism ?" "('ertanlly, with plcsur. Tilte mist ] estrilking is Ills ftundamentall l usaertill Io -that cells lthae Ilntelligence. c Mr. t lEdison leoes not pirove this: Ihe does I not try to prove It; the cisserty It. over I and over again, anlll perhllaps smleem e simplii;e pecolle csill bhelieve it is trece. 'Proof, proof!' ie says. 'That is wchat l I have atel rlys beehen afterl.' A.d l lhee (t e-la s lee at --rept inee secient fitc fedt without ther final ,i rl '.' Now, Vwho ever proved tile existence of an in thlllgent cell? There is not a scintilla of proof., not tile beginning of a proof I for such an assertion. Assumiption, t mere baseless assumptlon.", the cardi nal said, with a wave of tile hand. "I will read you another of his as sertions: 'A man's intelligence is the C aggregate intelligence of the Innuuner i-'able cells which forml hhlnll-just as the Ilntellig'llence of it cm)llunity is the tg _gregat'. Intt'lllgence of the men and .women ,ho Inhabit it. If you cut -your linId. It bleeds. Then you lose . cells, andt that I quite as If a city lost inhabitants through sonie tremendous Saccident.' " e The cardinal paused. "Is It true that MIr. Edison assuned thile responsibility s for this Interview,?" lie was assured i, this was so. lie seemed very puzzled. "(f clourste, .1Mr. Edison dotes not t mean -what lie says. That would be ihllpossiblh'. If nmy hitud bleeds, then,. ld It al'ordinLg to Ills theory, I loset part (of nly Intelligence . If lose lilmy hand, Sthihen I lose ol'srC Intelligence. and, us s on,' or tny frienus put It, all ppallling loss 1 fnlind I ,would goI with thei loss of It leg or when aI stout malln reduces in flesh. "All thelrse r,.llmarlalfile conlseutletltes are strictly Ilvolved In Mr. Edison's Sexllresslin of Ills vIews. Assuredly, he rejects them; but tha;t ,nl1y plroves the striking Ilosenellss of his lanlguage. We thellolglatlls Iare usd to plre'lslon of terwlls ;tld strlltnessl of reasoning. One or t II 11111ir Interviews like this, aind the 1% )1rlld would ha\ve at le% idea of 'selntifit' itnurnll'y.' " .."Anld Mir. Edison's real viehw?' "Mr. Elilsn 's real vlew se1ems to be that a mllln's ntelllgnl'ce in colndlIped oIf thu colmbined intelligeclle' of his brain tcills. IIH explrtesl.se this, Ipl'ac tlcitlly. later i hIlls Interiew'; and this 'jive . hlhn frolll s1irle of tilhe' cllse tltlnellCs of hisl rmllrer loue exlpres. s.ilhls. nut lhow loies M\fr. lElson klnow 1lllthat I l l's i lltelllig llnc Isn ladt up of the t'nlbinedl int,'ll'gence of his hIa'bi ll ',l- lie ,claims ti havelI' reached hIll Iolehlelosons 'through t11e study of hard faut'; we wish %lh. In scientific I lllshloll. had glven lls l acts to tihe world beforl', hils conc'lualon. The frets are these-a-t least until \1r. 4t EIdisII prlut'es ltlw l'::ects as yet un lkntiiin to the sachientifle world; nll one knlows ianllythillk aboutil tillh existence of I iii Illolligenlt cet'll. N llN prool', not the sighllte'st, has 'VIer b)11 lle dldvanced to 5sho1 w Iltellige1nc in a c1Ill. So far ils 1illl0('C klnows, thLere( Is nio more ; l rt'u,;f fo' tileexistence of Intelligence in 11a brltln cell tlian thiere( Is int the ct(lls of a p)otatol, or In tile molecules I 'of mlllaLtter tllhat limake up this paper. We. do knllow tilere Is It clnnlctill be t\tell the )rin a1lnd the Inlllld, that the mind thinks thirtugh alhl of thet' btIlli,I. Is It a'ces thl'rough alid ol' thll I 1l'I''. (if the ey',VI'; but that dlols not li'um'1' the brll ai tinks atll n more thllan I II iltrov\e thle llI'nerves of the eye see. No mIrl ('even thanll It IWOutld prove that thI l slrings of a vIolln .llnjoy their own mlullc. If we do not know thaLt colls htve Intelligence, hIlow can I'i know thfit anlly combination llof cells will pro duce IntellIglince? Yet, MIr. Edison l1e- I lih\,even it. .\Asumptionlltlol agll; tlhe Illmrest nalsUlplltion. "MIr. INdion uses a comprisou to mnike Ills Ideai crt dltablel to the people. He san\s: 'A llilII'S Itelllgence is the i liggregiIte hltelligeInc of tilt lllnumer. able. clls that forlm hhI-just a1s the I Intelligencel of It (colmunilllty Is the I aggr''gate Illtelligence if the InCl' and womell who Inhabilt It.' Surely, lihe Ilpt'lmllts hIImself here to ibe the victim of it figure' of speech. \V'e tuie syml Slblle lilnguage WIlhen we slleakt of the I 'aggregate nltellIgence' of it communtlllty. r h'le ("enlli111t'y slhow\vIs Its intelllgence ,only through Illdlviduals; it Is limade tup of hlidlivihlaLi tof different deglrees' if Inlltllgellnc, oIf differenllt Land often c'intraudlttlairy ildes, pirinclples lnd Ssenrllenit. Mm'. Edison could hardly choose I less happy l opa. ll rimi'l'5 . \'What d11,es 11H thilk happens w1 an w na Idea Intll los the mind? D1)o all Ihe little brain cells beg41 to Ll.ttI It?1 Are soll of the little bralin cells utuLiitcous I lllSur.cluts, , and othe1rs hniovuble staithild-tters? Hias ulttlh Intelligent little brain cell till opinion of Its oIn? Itw dotus ll thils Intellectual activity gu o011 Iabohiute'ly unknown to us'? How do theI brain cells mIanage' finally to 'I,'11lll 1111 hatr:1lnflIotis 'colcluslon, so h nulrl'llonious tiLatt I pllitleal love-feast I seccns like Isar in comparison? "No, If the brain colls have Intel- o llgencel, no selentist has ever dls- * cov,\'red tIhe fact. W.' know\' lothilng, then, about intllgent cells; but we i tl klnow that a ILn has aIll Intellieilet it mihnd r .oul, We do not distingulis tl between mind and soul In the Way Mr. if Edison does, In his unphllosophleal r teruIllology: the Inlud In the soul in ti Its Intellectual operations. The mind p is one and know. Itself to be one. d Memlory proves thlls, I remember the c civil war. The little brain cells that I1 had those 'early experiences 'have o passed away, 'physiology tells us; bus 'eanailn the atlie Indivklual througl all these chantUrl years. Nothing it clearer to me than s',y otvn individual. Ity;" and the pripfiP of that Is whal we 'call' the soul." M'r. Idl.son speakt of .his 'Iveittig) t lons' into the sotull he seems to tav4 tooked..tor it with a meiroslope. St: Paul was a trues philosopher; for 'what man knowett the things of a man, save thQ spirit 'ol man that Is in 4lm? It is only b) senarching into our consciousness that the nnature of mind or soul can be dis. c ivered." "Your eminence, how would yut prove that the soul endures aftel ''Practically? l or tile 'ast majorit3 of people? By ,revealed religion. Let a-mean" study earnestly the life oi ,.esusc ,irlst; let him try to form a .L l ncaption of 'His work. lt .J' 4U&.d 'Hi. personality; let hilr ant' ike, no" many nowadays-Mr. Edi.1 son'among-them-plck out one or twr doctrines and refuse to listen to the rest: tot him not imagine that h( h:nows'so 'thqrq ghly the laws of the universe andMhte power of God as t, be Iin a'tpoi.tloh .to. cout the Idea of miracles. Then he.wlil see that Christ'. life. His works, Hi. doctrines. His per sonality, are Divine. Nothing short oil that explains Him. All other expla. nations are as chiuging. as passing, at the figures In a kaleidoscope. Endl decade swarms with them. one devour Ing another and all In turn devoures by new explanations. Only In the full Catholic doctrine about Chrisl can the restless mind and heart al matt find satiufaction; but the heanr of many," the venerable cardinal salt sadly. "is rebellious to the truth: unal they do not wish to have their mini controlled 'by the teaching of Christ Now. Christ brings to humanity the certainty of eternal life. He .roved Ii by His own resurrection: and if any. one thinks the evidence for Chrlst'e e resurrection is weak. I ask him tr study and think deeply over the flfi d teenth chapter of I Corinthians. N< it sane scholar, remember, denies thai e we have here the testimony of St. PanI it himself; nor that St. Paul is honestly lt 5r*ting down the testimony of those v h.' clauln to have seen our Lord after His death. If so. many sane men, y apostles and disciples of Christ, are d mistaken. If they cannot believe the i testimony of their own eyes. if s.chl a delusion can keep so firm a hold on so many different characters for se, ,trany years and become the basis of all their beliefs and the transforming p,.wer of their lives, then no human ttestinmony Is of any value; then let us i cllse our courts of Justice, for no carC is proven by so many truskiarthy wlt .nesoes. No!" the cardinal said. In the' tone of deepest conviction. "Christ is risen: and His resurrection Is the piainest evidence of Itan's iltnlnor s tallity." S"But, your emicnence, are there no , proot's for those who refuse to accept f Christianity?" e "Yes. plenty of them: and' good ones. They are to be found in at thorough f eurse of philosophy: and they can h'hb readily grasped only ny those ws'ho have made such a course.- Philosopith' is perhaps the most ulatruse and dif ficult branch of knowledge: It Is the i crown of'a li6eral education. a crown. 1 may say. worn by 'very few, exceed Ingly few. Most students are averse to philosophy, because they have not the patient capacity of mastering It. The readers of your publication are intelligent men, no doubt: but they will not oblige me to -believe they are trained philosophers. Perhaps not more than one person In 5.000 or 10.000 ihas a philosophic education or truly phllosophic mind. e "No genius can afford to neglect the patient labors of the world's great thinkers and strike out for iI:mself. Mr. Edison, like many another great f hnan, has not recognized his lititu tI(ns. The greatest mortals are f;nit'. very finite. None of us knows evewry r thing. But I said there are philo s sophie proofs for the spiritual nature 0 of the soul and its survival after death: let your readers, if they wish, y study such a work as Mahter's 'Psy cla logy,' beginning at the begintiing and working slowly up to the ernd. It t Is a most able book and very satls Sying, in my judgment; and very In teresting as ,well. Those who tperse vere to the end may ie saved--lby philosophy; but happily, as Pt. Am irose said more than fifteen 'hundred t years ago, it did not please God to save the world by logic or 'philosophy. Nor would it have pleased man. The world was never governedl by phiiloso pity: It has never wanted to be, and It tnever will be. Christianity knows tir Inature of man: it has a far deeper wisdom than wasr ever dreamed of in the 'philosophies of the great thitkersl'." The cardinal rose as if to conclude the interview. "One thing. I uin glad of," he said, "Is that Mr. Edison recog. nilses tile existence of a Supreme In telligence. To nme., the whole world testifies this; and I cannot understand how any man today can conceive of this weorld as the result of blind forces. How miany, how varied, 'how intricate are the laws of lnature; yet how har moniously all work together, and what mnarvelous results they produce! Mr. Edison sees Supreme Inteligeince di recting the fomnation of the human ear. Hlere 'his testimony is of great value, because ihe speaks on Ia subject which Ie lhas studied directly. It Is good to see that he cannot conceive of blind evolution as accounting for It. nor for other wonders of nature. Mechanism alone, he says, cannot ex plait this world; only Bupreme in telllgence with the will and the power to direct the forces of nature. Phil onsophers, I believe, would call sucll a being a person:; yet Mr. Edison re fuses to ,eoheve In a personal God, without telling us what hlie means by 'person.' I trust hlie does not, with some, .onslder tiht a 'personal God' is a sort of nagnified mani. wltth a vague, magnified body. Like many others today, he fears to use the term 'personal God,' although his ideas and observationts should lead hnim to be lieve in Hifn, In that adorable Biing with Supreme Intelligence, dlrecting the world and Independent of it. This idea is the only one in harmony with right reason: and It has long ruled thle tlhinds of the world's greatest philosophers. It would be a dissatrous day, indeed, for our country and for clvillastion, not tepeolake 'of religion if this idea ever began to lose Its hold on the mmnd of the eopleS"