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a iýYi, ýi ss .I UrlJs tiP a " r. oo SU3MP¶'I@N Nlm, (Ing Adv MS..) thia. m h ........».~ 4.00 slv eis amt a ....».».....»..........»; 0 Psha .aded fr foreign s. sntrl n.~ ·cl·ndM~ U~,.....~ 3.00 ' T*LUPIOONE' NU*NE. siý..ý No ta.r .~L. l MIWOULA OloPPICS 10 and 181 West Manle Street. aHualltep Of ee $21 Mala Street, Hamilton, Mont, . MIdlloullan may be found on Sa at the following newstands out e Montana: cl- ag e wo Newspape Agis .. eo, eomn Clark and Madt o - Is-Wr. d News Co., i1i l t( CILoty--Mu lls t& Lud ' J~ iseo-4Titedr News Agents. te-<t l.z idated News Co., eveth b and hington; Northwest 3few Co.~ and Washington "ehtle-- Wokrts' News Agecy., MlUt .atse sad Washington; A. Ias sesiM Seoond Cherry; Acme News CBi n- wth ighth News Co.; Neo s CoT News Co., Ninth SUM4RIsd RSs' PAPERS. Th"b )lsoutlaa is anxlouts to give th.best earrier ivice; thenreore, sub srlbmrs are requested to report faulty delivery at Once. In orderlng paper cl~iked to hew address; please give old address leao. Money orddrs and cheeks should' be made payable to The Missoulan 1Publlihing Company. SATUR..AT, AUGUST 12, 1211. GO AHEAD.' The poseslion oft a boy today will furnlsh the enouse which some men think they need If they attend the olr Ce That's all right and it's a goo, thing 'o the boy; there are some boys, perhaps who, otherwle, would aot get to see the lcrcus. So, if it Is asessat to Anybody's peace of mind that he hae a boy to alt beside him nader the big tent, it Is, we repeat, a geoe thing for the boy. But there's something wrong with a man who has to seet an excuse of this sort. Circus day should, it our hearts are right, make boys of us all. We slio0ld go to the circus Just because we want to see It tar ourselves. The fact that some of us may not have boys should not, then, prevent us from seeing the shows we should have the frankness to admit that we have not outgrown the love for the circus. But there I, no question that the resence of a boy at your sid. Intensifles your en .bvment of a cirous and on that as oovrt it is by all odds advisable to take a boy to the show If you can get one If you baven't a boy of your own, get some other man's boy and take him. But go to the circus and have a good time. If a boy with you will add to your enjoyment, take one, but don't snake him an excuse. Take him because you want to have a bet. ter time. A NOTABLE ANNIV4RSARY. Aatoria is celebratlng this week the eeasenlal annitersary of the arrival of the Astor expedition on the Pacifle coast. This settlement of Astoria was the first permanent white occupation of the nothwest and gave the United States its strongest claim to the Ore gon country. Though the British took possession of the Astoria fort in the war of 1831 and renamed it Fort George, the place was restored to the Ulilted States by the treaty of peace and our claim was unimpaired. This region Includes the states of Oregon, Washington and Idaho and the part of Montana west of the main divide. lohn Jacob Astor was the doml fnating spirit In this early settlement whieh gave to the United States this rich region. The conditions which prevailed then make this expedition stand out pre-eminently above ipy peseat.-day plap of any captain of trade, transportation or finance; he plnaaeq a real winnnlg of the west. a peaceful oonquest of an empire to which the natioWs title was then doubtful, the establishment of a long lchain of trading posts, resaching far into the interior, which would blase the way for clvlllsation and settle meat, and beyond the west, itself, his pis rNeahed out to give Americe the esede of CMa and the oonttol of the Astor fitted out a fine ship, the Ton.ibb, for this expedltLoa and on September , 1310, she siled from WNew tork. After adventures fraught with peril, the Tonquln rounded Cape 31rm for a tempestuous voyage up the 9fa oa The mouth of the Co. tupwL* . );w eohed March I3, 2311. A. tes 0,4v4em entranoe into the sve, Ceg .rrit days and it was April U 9 thcte of Astoria was q# i Meed as the lolation of Wilds· Ws. to sh built. Tn ;T.,, ~a *oiW ( +'+ ,. . .. ,+.Mti+:.3Nlii++sl) nud +w . the Phofie breese and the place was named Astoria. Afterward, it was learned that the British had contem plated a similar expedition and wooui have had a fort at the mouth of the Columbia that summer, had not the Astor expedition anticipated the move. Thus was laid the foundation of our claim to the ground upon which MIs soutla stands. If for no other reason e than this, it is well that the event re ceive recognition. IN WESTERN MONTANA. - 1 The weel's dispatches have given the crop report up to date. It is not altogether encouraging as far as the conditions in the country at large are concerned; the nation's crop produc tion this year will fall below any previous figures in a decade, it the statement which ewe have received this week is correct and there is no reason to believe it is not. However, atten tion Ia directed to the fact that the figures do not signify that there will be a shortage; the ten years which are used as a basis of oomparl"nn have been fat years, in the extreme. But it is admitted that the farmer's situation this autumn will not be as bright as It has been and his posi tion is rendered all the more uncom fortable by the rank injustice which has been done him In the sham reci procity agreement. But what we started out to say was this: The situation in western Mon. tana is in delightful contrast with that which prevails generally through. out the country. 'lhe farmer in the Bitter Root is reveling In the greatest crops his valley has ever produced. His neighbors in Plathead, in Plains sand qn the reservation lands are sim ilarly situated. This is a season of plenty in western Montana. Never before has the agricultural suprem acy of this favored region been so emphatically demonstrated. Whether he raises hay and grain, cherries or apples, potatoes or onlon-in what ever line of activity his husbandry has Its course the western Montana farmer shows wonderful crops. His home is, veritably, a land of plenty. What would follow the introduction of boose into Oklahoma is horrible to contemplate. Prohibition might, how ever, be enforced while the legislature is In session. Wee the idea of phowing the coun try's naval strength to Togo to in struct him or to Intimidatet It seems a shame that the rejuv enated Rcrappers should get crippled so soon. The umpire who is popular in Mis soula is the one who sees for both sides alike. Don't speed on the nay to the cir cus grounds, If you wish to avoid trouble. The inventor of a safe-and-sane rat trap would be hailed as a public bene factor. Roosevelt says what he means, any how, and the people will line up with him. In the east the people are swelter Ing and out here the state Is buying coal. Is Judge Donlan the first to find out that Butte is as tough as Reno? A joke in the Solentlfic American yes, but it has ts practical side. The Bitter Root will 'celebrate La bor day; what's the matter here? It's a hundred in the shade in Paris; enjoy yourself In Missoula. Iola must have hired a press agent who escaped from a circus. The.re's nothing In sight for west ern Montana but prosperity. Has anybody heard of ifobson's helping to honor Topo? The calamity howler Is the greatest curse of this country. Banker Reynolds knows what he is talking about, too. Well. have the Bcrappers taken a new lease on life? Today will be time ehiougl to mnls that letter east. IBroken records frequently call tor broken necks. Summer Is showing that It has not yet resiglned. George W. Perkins is a pretty good socialist. Hunger usually makes 'em settle. That letter; today. Don't forget. Clrcus day. DYNAMITE LErS GO, Newburgh, N. Y., Aug. 11.--Wlth a concussion that shook the earth for miles around, a dynamite storehouse on the New York aqueduct on Storm King mountain, near Cornwall, blew up early today. The building had in It 1,100 pounds of dynamite. No trace of the building wag left. KILLS PATHER-IN-LAW. Savannah, ca., Aug. 11.-Wister W. MoBaohen today shot and klledd his father-nlaaw, J. R. Fennel, and then surrendered to the police. The famlTy i. well known in Savannahb, McBach. S3 gdnJi i sIg.et-fn," * bIV ROY I...M OUV.TOt.. it Copyright, 1911, by C. N. Mather. Keep Cookl. Don't let the torrid atmosphere of sum mer worry you, but just Keep cool. Don't let yourself be ruffled up, ex cited or unduly fussed, Keep cool. Don't scold about the price of ice or meat, or anything like that, Don't worry over little things or instl tute a family spat Or lose your temper uselessly and vent your feeling on the cat. Keep cool. When everything on earth goes wrong and things are not what they should be, Keep cool. Remember how Cap. Peary fought the icebergs in the polar sea. Keep cool. When asphalt pavement seethes and boils and stone sidewalks reflect the heat; When it is possible to broil beefsteak right on the brick-paved street; Don't rave and swear and tear your hair and spoil a disposition sweet, Keep cool. When collars wilt and perspiration trickles down your mealy back, Keep cool. When you feel very sure, 'ere long your dome of thought is going to crack, Keep cool. Though others rave about the heat and are beyond all measure fussed, And though the weather bureau is quite properly maligned and cussed, i We don't know how you'll do it, but, remember, of all things, you must SKeep cool. - According to Uncle Abner. This is an ungrateful world. A man Is no sooner dead than all the relatives run to the newspaper and put in a card of thanks. Lem Higgins, chief of our fire de I noartment, expects to go to Chicago The Kingdom of Spain XXII.-Islam's Vanished Glory. By Fred.rlo J. Haskin Cordova, Bpain.-Among the exam ples of Saracenic architecture that re main in Spain to recall to the trav eler in this country the period in which the followers of the prophet swarmed over the Iberlan peninsula, and penetrated beyond the Pyrenees, many inanimate objects serve to cen ter the attention of the Christian upon the Inanimate condition of the Mos lem religion at the present time as compared to its militancy between the landing of Tarlk Ol Tuerto at Gi braltkr, and the crushing of the Arab Moors under Amir Abdu-r-rahman by Charles Martel and his Frfnks upon the fields of Touraine. At El-Ashar, the Moslem university in Cairo which was once the center of learning of the world, the Koran now constitutes the major part of the cur riculum, students learn religious texts by rote and dream of the intellectual conquest of the world by Islam. This institution which is now about 1,000 years old, had not been founded when the Moslems invaded the section of Europe that is now France with the hope of pushing their conquests to the North sea, and making for the cres cent a conquest of the world by the scimitar, No event of world history was more dramatic and more significant eth nically considered, than the turning back of the Arab-Moors by the Chris tians under the grandfather of Charlemagne. The battle of Tours was the triumph of the Indo-Germanic race over the Semitlc race, as well as the beginning of the advance of the cross into territory that had been wrested from the C'lristians by ar mies ordered into the field by the Khalif at Darnascus, to overthrow the Gothic tulers of Spain who, in their turn, had crossed the Pyrenees to rout the decadent Romans from the scenes of their carlitr conquest of the Celtl berians Into the valley of the Loire, where Goths and Franks had fought a mighty battle that resulted in the Arian creed giving way before the Catholics, the Moslems had made their triumphal march from Syria to the Atlantic coast of Africa while their brethren in the east were pushing their way down the Indian peninsula to overthrow Hindu temples on the banks of the sacred Ganges, and build lnosques in the holy city of Benares. The traveler who visits Francs to 'day has nothing but volumes of his tory compiled from the works of the Arabian and Christian chroniclers to remind him that a mighty force of Arabs and Berbers once contended with a Frankish army where the city pt Tours, with its great Gothic ea thedral, now stands. But in Spain tl're remains many evidences of the ep!c advance of the Moslems that was ter.~anated at the confluence of the Cher and the Loire in a battle that lasted a week and was marked by frightful carnage. Before the crescent received its coup de grhce in Touraine the Arab Moors had extended their dominions a thousand ntiles from Gibraltar. An other thousand miles would have tak en them to the confines of Poland and the highlands of Scotland, the west ern limits of the known world at that time. Had they possessed the strength to accomplish this feat thie world might have seen Mohamme dans praying In London with their faces toward Mecca, while their brothers desecrated Hindu temples in Bengal. In the opinion of a great historian the koran is not now taught in Ox ford because the genius of one man rescued Christendom from a crushing calamity, and not because the Rhine woas more impassable than the Nile or the Euphratee, or the mouth of the TirWuinu sIoeaooilble to the prows of loon to pick oft some new summer styles in hose. Am Tilson, our gentlemanly and con genial tonsorial artist, is advertlsing shampoos at reduced rates, but most any feller would rather pay a little more and get a real poo while he is r about It. There are three kinds of tellers that ought to stay away from the book makers at the hoes races, and they are t the old fellers, the young, fellers and the middle-aged fellers. By gravy, it seems to be more of a Sdisgrace to have a 1910 model oatmo y bile than to have none at all. Old man Perkins has got a new wooden leg made out'n a Normandy popular tree, and It grows so fast that a he has to saw It off several times a day to keep from walkln' top-sided. He has sawed off enough already to I keep him in stove wood all next win ter. The old wooden leg he had was made out'n weepin' wilier, and It C looked so pathetic he didn't have the heart to walk around on it. He had r one once made out'n slippery elm, and he couldn't hardly stand up on it. Ellhu Bibbins tell out'n the hay loft 'tother day and knoclded his brains out, but he doesn't mind It much, for he has since gotma good Job as chauffeur. Jed Frink ought to be one of the cleanest fellers in our midst. His wife keeps him in hot water most of the time. Some Famous Affinities. a Portia and Bassanlo. 1 Ham and.Bgse. Pygmalion and Galatea. Potash and Perknutter. Romeo and Juliet. Liver ald Bacon. King Manuel and Gaby Deslys. Punch and Judy. C'orned Beef and Cabbage. Jack and Jill Hamlet and Ophella. Fever and Ague. Beefsteak and Onions. Antony and Cleopatra. Pork and Beans. Arabian ships. But it was in reality the vigor and valor of the more virile north Europeans, coupled with their hatred of Mohammedans and love of their own faith, that made the Frank isll cavalry appear to the Moslems "as if frozen together and bristling with steel." Had Charles Martel not lived the Arab advance would have been checked by its impact against immovable le gions of hardy. ,d helmeted men of the north. Toughened by constant war fare, and naturally hardy as a result of the rigors of their climate, the Ger mans and ]?ranks were totally unlike the Goths of Spain who were over come by the invaders when they had been enervated by luxurious living and the effela of sunny skies. The Agtbs werutJrnedhback not be cause Charles M tel was the only I man who was their luperior, but Ilbecause he reprbented the superior race that has never given ground be fore Africans or Asiatfcs, although its representatives, glutted with spoill and softened by inaction, have sometimes done so in distant lands. But whatever the cause, and histo rians disagree upon this point, the victory of Charles Martel at Tours marked the beginning of the decline of the Moslem power in Europe. The struggle was not merely between two armies, or two generals, but between two races, two colors, two continents. , The white man was victorious over the brown man. Europe was victorious over Africa. The test of strength came when the conquering Arabs met in its primitive strength the Cauca sian race they had hitherto encoun tered only where idleness and ill liv Ing had sapped its vigor and thinned its fighting blood. It was only after the magnificent charge of the Arabian light cavalry across the continent of Africa and in to the heart of Europe had been stopped by meeting an immovable body of trained European cavalry clad in steel, that the Moslem empire In Spain became solidified. Spain became a Khallfate, with Cordova as Its capital, only to demon strate the fact that the Arab advance prospered only when it was advanc ing. So long as there was a common ambition among the Africans and Asiatics who composed the people known in history as the Arab-Moors they made common cause. But when they were no longer welded together in an effort to devastate the country of the "infidel" ard fill their cottffers with loot from Christian cities, tribal dif ferences and racial prejudice began to assert themselves. Berbers became enemies of Arabs. Arabs became pil s lagers of Berbers. Chlstlans became Inceasingly enemles of both, When Ahdu-r-rahinan fell at Tours It was made plain that the "invin ( cible" Arabs were no longer Invincible. The Crescent had met the Cross where the flower of thel chivalry of the east t met the flower of the chivalry of the north and west upon its own ground. r Tumults in Spain began to engage the attention of the Moslem leaders and all Mauretania was seething with dil I senslon. Abdulilahl tihe shedder of blood had wrenched the Khulltate of Damascus from the ihanlds of a weaker head of Mohalnmnedarnistr in a great battle be tween rebels ald loyal legions. A buse-horn vonlctr of pomegranates was allowed to cut off the head of the de feated KIhalil, and it was embalmed and sent to Abdullah with a string of verses setting forth the fact that a oat had been allowe'd to eat the tongue of the last representative of the Om meyades dynasty. After murdering his aops to prevent them from In trigulng against him, the blood shedder committed numerous atrocities that showed the naturg W* thg> a and the oonditlons that bred such a montir,. To "the banquet of blood" he Invit ed 90 distinguished cavallirs of the Ommoyan line who had sworn alle glanne to the new dynasty. The guests were licaten to death in the presence of the Khalif. Mats of leather were spread upon the writhing mass of dead and dying and the chief tain and members of his household enjoyed a banquet upon a tottering table while the groans of the dying issued from heneanth the mats. "The table of quivering flesh" could hardly have been surpassed by the Ingenu ity of a degenerate Roman emperor. Mohammedan Spain had been di vided into provinces when Abdu-i rahman Ibn Mu' awlyah, the only sur vivor of the Damascus massacre, came from his wanderings In the desert to become ' an independent Khallf at Cordova. A little more than half a century had passed since the invasion of Andalusla by l'arik El Tuerto when Abdu-r-rahman established the independent Khallfate. It continued from 766 to 1031 under 17 Khallts be fore the country again split Into petty kingdoms, and became impotent to prevent the invasion of the Amori vides and the Almohades, African peo ples who came successively across the Straits of Gibraltar. When America was discovered the little kingdom of Granada, which was then paying tribute to the Christlans, remained a Moslem stronghold in west ern Europe, to be overthrown by P'er dinand and Isabella Wvhen its last king upon ascending the throne declined to continue the tribute, and sent an in suiting message that the tribute pay ing Moslem monarchs were dead. The relies of the Arab supremacy In Spain call attention to the dwindling of the Mohammedans from their oncte 'nroud position as world conquerors. At the present time all Moslems are subject people except those of the de raying monarchies of' Turkey, Persia and Morocco. They are driven from the west and the students who study the koran at El Azhar now come chief ly from the east. The days of Mo hammedan proselyting with the sword have long since passed. The crescent grows dim. Tomorrow-The Kingdom of Spain. XXIII-African versus African. TREASURER IS SHORT. Santa Fe, N. M., Aug. 11.-Former County Treasurer C. H. Chenault has been arrested, and John Joerus, terri torial traveling auditor, will go over the books kept while Chenault was in office, it being alleged that a shortage of $10,000 has been found. It is un derstood that friends of Chenault lave recently made good a discrepandy of $16,000, the finding of which is said to have been the cause of Chenault's re tirement from office. GOVERNMENT RAILROAD IS WANTED IN ALASKA Washington, Aug. 11.-A resolution opposing a government railroad in Alaska was introduced by Senator Jones of Washington today, providing that the president authorize a survey to determine the most practical route for a railway from a point on Con troller bay to the Manlanuska and Bering coal fields. The resolution would direct the president to submit to congress as soon as possible an estimate of the cost of such railway and a recommendation as to its con struction and operation by the govern ment. d mont. UNKNOWN HIGHWAYMEN ASSAULT A CONSTABLE r Trinidad, Colo., Aug. 11.-Set upon * by two unknown highwaymen last night, shot, robbed and loeft or dead, t W. N. Walker, a constable, was found this morning and hurried to the hospi tal, where he lie's in a serious condi - tion. Walker had been hunting for d stolen livestock when two men attacked and robbed him. A terrific storm t broke a few moments later and the y wounded man lay for 12 hours at the side of the road. F PIRST, DEGREE MURDER. e La Junta, Colo., Aug. 11.-Oulity of murder in the first degree with the h penalty of death by hanging, was the verdict today in the case of Robert Harris, colored, charged with the kill ing of Chief of Police J. B. Craig and Night Marshal Jacob Kipper of Rocky Ford. Harris collapsed on hearing the d verdict. s RANCHER IS DROWNED. SItpjara, Colo., Aug. 11.-Edward ' Cortes, a wealthy rancher and claim h ing to be a direct descendent of Her. nandes Cortez, conqueror of Mexico, was drowned in the Conejos river yes e terday, while trying to ford the stream - with a team of horses, Cortes was a e son-in-law of former Governor Mc Intyre of Colorado. PUTTING DOWN BOOTLEGGERS. e Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 11.-Fol lowing an admission by Chief of Police e Tlllingham that it is impossible to put b. iotleggers out of business here with a olt a big increase in the police force, i Governor Cruce stated today that he would appoint 500 special deputies to assist in the work. s STANDARD OIL PAYS COSTS. , Washington, Aug. 11.-A check for $42,895 was receyved today by the de 5 partment of justice from the Standard Oil company if the payment of costs in I the dissolution suit brought by the f governm.ent in the Sherman anti-trust Slaw. MUCH COTTON BURNS. Antwerp, A~g. 11.-Fire on the Queensland docks, where much cotton is stored, did damage today amount Ing to $1,O00,000, Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription a Is the beet of ll mediciones for the cure of diseases, e disorders and weakneaee peculiar to wotnen. It is the f eoly preparation of its kind devised by a regularly gradu. g eted pdiosa -sny a experienced and skilled specialist in ý. the of women. id It ha sate medlcine in any condition of the system. THI1 ONE REMEDY which oontains no aloohol ead no injiarlou abit-forming drugs and whichb y eretee no eraving for such stimulants. I- THE ONE REMEDY so good that Its makers are not afraid to print its every lngredient on I seeah outside bottle wrapper and attest to the truthAMnees of the same under oath. e It is sold by mediine dealers everywhere, aend any dealer who hun't it can o get it. Don't take a substitute of unknown composition for this medioine or Nt INOWN oourosmoN. No counterfeit is as good as the genuine and the druggist a who says something else is "just as good as Dr. Pierce's" Is either mistakea n or is tryinl to deceive you for his own selsh benefit. Suoh a man is not to be o trusted. He is trifling with your most priceless possession-your health e may be your life-itself. See that yea let what ye casl for. d Become an Enthusiast In this popular contest and help someone to win this handsome piano r n Your Voles May Decide the Winner There must be some one of the candidates listed In this popular contest whom you desire to see secure this handsome piano. A little help to your favorite may cause her to be the "tpp-notcher" when the votes are finally counted. You need not expend any great amount of money to help your candidate. Your ordi n nary monthly meat bill will earn votes according to the following schedule: SCHEDULE Amount of Number of d r Purchase Votes n $5.00 ....... ........................................ 5,000 It 4,00 ........ ......... ......................... 4 ,00 n 3.00 ................................................... 3,000 y 2.00 ..................................................... 2,000 1.00 1,000 .75 ........................................ . 750 .50 ........................................ 500 .25 250 .20 ......... ........................................ 200 .15 150 .10 ........................ .... . ............ 100 05 ........................................ ..... 50 If you now trade at either the Union, Montana or Valley meat markets, you doubtless are acquainted n with the plan of the contest. If you do not under stand how the winner is to be decided, let us explaln d the features of the contest to you. The John R. Daily Company :: Union Market Montana Market Valley Market GOOD TOOL S . D r THE KEY THAT t'NLOCKS SUCCESS IN BUSINESS IS .OGIVING CUITOM}CRS GOOD VALUE FOR THEIR GOOD n MONEY. WE HAVE DONE THIS, THAT'S WHY WE HAVE A BIG, OROWING HARDWARE BUSINESS, IF YOU'VE NEVER DEALT WITH US, "BRACE VP,'C IT'S TIME YOV WERE OETTING ACQUAINTED WITH US. McGUFFEY lA4WWfAL CO. PENWEILL BLOCK, MIDOULA, MONT.