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L PUBtIW4tING Co. Ewlasoul, Montana. ., nda it the postomofe at Missoula, "m lla, as asOond-olass mail matter. tSU 01PTION RATES. (Ia Advanee.) il, o e month ..............0.71 . three months 2......... l 1.15 ali mouths 4.00 , one year ... ....... 1.00 added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. 0...................110 Independent......10 MISSOULA OFFICE US and 181 West Main Street. Hamilton Offlee 81t Maln Street. Hamilton, Mont. The Missoullan may be 'found on t t . Io..Iwlng newstands out Chliago-Chicago Newspaper Agen e, N. L. oorner Clark and Madison mneapblls-World eows Co., I11 North lPorth stret. alt' Lake City-'MacOIlli & Lud L ranalsoo-United News Agents prtla-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington; Northwest News. Co., Fifth and Washington streets. alttle -10okats' News Agney, IPit avenue and Washington; A. Is. aseis, soand and Cherry; Acme News Co0 W. O. Whitney. pokna.ae-outh Eighth News Co.; tle News Co. Tad Trego News Co., Ninth $USSORISERS' PAPERS. te Mloulitn is anxious to give the bi arrier service; therefore, sub sorlbers are requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordernlg paper ehanged to new address, pleae gLive old address also. Money orders and heeks should be made payable to he MssooUllan Publishing Company. IATURDAYT AUoUST, 1. , 1911. A FITTING TNEME. Today The Missoulan publishes the frst of a series of eighteen articles In the aHkln contributions, the general themse of which is lduratlon,' a sub ost that Is specially Interesting and perms $ at this time. This is, we believe, the most important serial we have ever published from Mr. Haskin sad we are sure that the readers of the Missoullan will appreciate It egesntly we have had, Ia the Naskin series, the articles on "Mexico,' OiJatn," "Panama" and others. wl.lch have attracted much attention and whlah have brought to the editorial desk numerous letters of approval. The articUles on "Iducation" will be broad In scope, accurate in statement, inter esting In subject matter and of su preme Importance In the Intormation wlhich they will impart. Thes letters should be reed by every teacher, ev ery student and every parent In The Missoullan's field. They are a val table addition to The Mlssoullan's fea tures. A LOVING CUP. Our old friend, Buffalo Bill, Is beheduled to reach North Platte, his old home, today on his farewell tour as a showman. The Nebraskans, to whom Colonel Cody is very much an Idol, have planned to present him with a loving cup in honor of the ocoaslon. If this is really Bill's farewell tour, It is fitting that the cup be bestowed: he has given the people of his own oountry and of many forelln countries a show whloh was a show. It was a novelty when he started it. We re menmber his first tour of New Dngland with the Sioux, the co*boys and the Deadwood coach; it was a thriller, all S right. And Bill has been thrilling the tenderfeet ever since. His spectacular tour this year has been a hummer; his show is big and lively. -It is a fine time for the old man to retire. It it doesn't happen that Bill gets the Patti habit and repeats his farewell till Its freshness is all gone and Its bloom de stroyed, It will be all right. But when the loving cup is filled and the colonel today drinks with his North Platte beots, it is hoped that his toast will not be: "Many happy returns of the day." One farewell is enough. ANOTMHJI STAR. The caruse of the suffttragettes has been dealt another blow, this time by the churches of England. It seems that soe some time the attendance at publlo 'worship in Creat Britain has been falling off in an alarming wary, Wow the reason Is offered that woman suffrage is to blame, that the seeking of vot hba taken from the women . aBDt d the thought of religion, In Ml, eWI. r manitestatlioa, at least, * ) U ra they are ,staying away from 1urbt on Sundays, to hold parades sid 'a s ameeting, to horsewhip *S gpear and pursue prime ministers sad ,ik ilaa' wort ie. it is an addl ,t arelpgmeat of the suffragettes Sthsi Stip v been able to raise such. a hubbub as to interfere with publicl p ~~ren: now, however, the In way. that the spffragrttu Si.asss Its selth. It is ' s tha.,~ all thic mad t f K iout4 pass s " ;'Id ito be tk severely. The ohtruhes of the civillsed world are maintained by women. There Is no gIlnsaytnl thl statement, with regard to the United States, at any rate. Two-thirds of any congregation Is composed of women: practically all of the Important auxiliary organimar tions of the church are of Its female members. Should the women of the United States become as erased for votes as their sisters In .lnrland, we may expect to see our ministers preac. Ing to a few men and old women, while the church debt waxes unattacked and there is no Ladles' Aid society to raise the money for a new pipe organ. Thin side of the question Is comparatively new, but it gives one of the most alarming pictures of what is, after all, a very remote possibility. HELPING ZION. The Zionist movement for the Im provement of Jerusalem and Palestine is one of the most signifloant In ori ental development of today. At the Zlonlst convention in Uwitserland it was shown that a great work is be Ing done, without political or diplo matic Influence, not only for the Jews. but for the entire population. The es tablishment of a bank, the opening of olive and orange plantations, the founding of farm schools-these are among the improvements already ac complished. Technical schools, a mu seum and tospltals are assured. All of this in the city of David, the his toric town of the world's beginning place-It In singularly fitting that the enterprise of American Hebrews should help in accoomplishing its reclamation. The world moves and Jerusalem moves with it. Myrtle Reed evidently didn't absorb any of the wholesome philosophy of which she wrote so beautifully. Its ap plloation would have averted her ter rible act of self-destruction. Really, there seesm nothing to war rant the continuanee of the seSeson ex oept the desire for campaign material, And there ehould be enough of that by this time. It took about a brigade, recently, to capture an anarchist In London. On that basis the reserves will have to be called out to suppress the railway strike. The manufacturers approve the re tention of the wool schedule, but the sheep man hasn't been heard from in indorsement of the "skirting clause.'' Howe r, a erials In a basebail club trsasaoel any governmental episode that has yet bAn called to the atten tion of the Missoula fans. London wishes the arbitration treaty covered the strike situation; her sup ply of food Is gettlny, seriously abort. There Is more politios to the hour In Waahington these days than has been seen in a good many years before, The president's veto sticks and the work of these weeks of hot weather and hot debate copias to naught. No more can the printer eat noodles. Th'e I. T. U. is Against Chinese res taurants of all dotllptions. Get on intimate terms with the olass ad and you'll be. ,ltprlsed to see how smoothly things' iV1 run. The democrats hbae either to fish or out bait and these in the senate pre ter, it seems, to out bait. Kallspell gets the 181$ Elks' conven tion; It Is a good convention and it goes to a good town. The Wiley Investigation, thanks to Wiley, is uncovering a whole lot of good stuff. The Insurgents have been taught the lesson that a democrat can't be trusted. The I. T. U. Is giving San Prancisco a touch of high life. More than ever the Interests line up against the farmer. London, also, has troubles of her own. Kalispell is a great campaigner. GIRL'S ASSAILANT KILLS SELF. Hamilton, Texas, Aug. 18.-Rather than permit himself to fail in lthe hands of pursuers, John Williams, a farmer who early in the day clubbed Millie Lemons, 17 years old, into in sensblllity and also wounded her sis ter, aged 18, slashed his throat with a pocketknife yesterday afternoon. His body was found by the pursuers. The oldest girl's skull is fractured and she may die. The girls were attackoed when they drove cattle to a watering trough on Williams' farm, which he rented from the Lemons' family. HUMORISTS END SESSION. Boston, Aug. 18.--After a week of pleasure and sightseeing, the fun-maok ers of th* country, attending the an Inual convention of the Amerloan Press Humorists' association, 'brought their visit here to an end today. They were the guests of Thomas, W. Lawson, at his Dreamwold estate at Ewypt before departing for their homes. Detroit Iwas selected as the next convention oty, and Newton lNewklrk of Boston was elected president of the assoola tion. GQAMBLING IN HIGH LIFE. SNew York, Aug. 15.-The story of an Atlanlmtle City gambling game, in which an unnamed "steel king" lost 6140,000 Sin one lump, Is told by Mrs. Anna Betts, in connection with her suit here Sagainst her hulband, Louis L. Betts, or a selitAtion and 385,000 a year aJlanony. ltJe aid that he was robbed by eleetrloil devices which manlpu N*TI'H CE$PU1.l * HlE', *.MAM EN T rltROY K. ,MOULTON. Copyright, 1911, by C. N. Mather., My Ideal. There ain't, so fur as I kin learn, no other face so sweet like her'n. Her neck is like the pretty swan, Her lips Is like the cherries, and her big gray eyes Is simply grand To feast your hungry orbs upon. She's got a peak of golden hair and with a rigger she Is there. She weighs one hundred eighty-five. I tell you what, she Jubt suits me. If you'd see her you would agree She's the sweetest gal alive. The ample damsel of my choice has get a fine contralto voice. The first time that I heered her sing It seemed Just like my heart stood still. She sounded like a whip-poor will Or else an ostrich on the wing. I tell you what, she won my heart and got my goat right on the start For vocal music I admire. I don't know much about technique, but I kin tell when voices sqeak. I know of her's I'de never tire. I fell in love, though you may scoff, and asked her for her hand, right off. She said it couldn't be arranged. I tell you now, it was a blow: a knockout piece of news to know. Since then my views of life have changed. She said I was a dream to her but she could never marry me, And then she heaved a sad sweet sigh. Bhe said she must obey the laws and simply turn me down, because ihe's married to another guy. Prom the Spinks' Corners Vigilant. Miss Pansy Frink Is a graduate of Yale-Madame Yale. Mrs. Ams Hilllker is thinkfn' some of suing her husband for incompati bility of expenditure and getting a dl Education I.--The American System. By Frederto J. HMakin. Within the past year considerably over halt a billion dollars have been expended in the United States upon education in its various forms. The value of property devoted to education purposes, not including public library buildings, amounts to fully $2,000,000, 000. The interest on the money thus invested would give an annual income amounting to $10,000,000. These fig ures include only the valuation of prop erty belonging to regularly established institutions of learning, namely: The public schools, universities, colleges and technical schools, the * private schools of various kinds below the col lege grade and the professional school including theology, medicine, law, pharmacy, dentistry and pedagogy. Each year the growing population of the nation Increases the demand for educational facilities, and the build Ings erected and the new institutions being opened keep rapid pace with this growth. Despite the oft-made crlti cism of America's educational system or the lack of it, a very little conald eration will show that the two billion American dollars Invested In perma nent educational facilities are paying a growing divldend.tof intelligence and prosperity to the whole nation. .There is no other country In the world to day which compares with the United States, either in the equipment of its educational plant or the annual ex penditure to promote its efficiency. While the national government does not attempt to exercise direct, author Ity over any of the schools of the country, It has a potent suggestive au thority in its bureau of education. The bureau collects data of the educational development throughout the world, and by diffusing this Information through its various channels continu ally aids In promoting the efficiency of all classes of educational institu tlons. The bureau has been especially helpful In promoting the unification of educational standards, which has been the chief aim of American eddcators during the past quarter of a century. Thls unification Is being attained to s gratifying degree, especially through out the public schools. The course of study has now become so nearly uni form among the different states that a child may move from one to the bther and take up his school work without any material loss of time. There are a number of volunteer or ganizations which have been very helpful Ip the educational progress of the country. Most of these are rec ognised by the government authorities and their suggestions carefully consid ered. Chief among these is the Na tional Educational association, a very large body composed of the prominent teachers of the country and laymen interested In educational work. This organization, with its branches in the different states, by its investigation and research into methods and school conditions is doing moie than any other body to promote the efficiency of the different Institutions of learn. Ing. During the past few years, the United States has also developed a colonial school system quite as im portant as that of any of the other great nations of the world. The public school always follovs the American flag, so that in the Philippines, in Porto Rico and even on the Panama canal zone there are now well organ ized American schools doing prac tically the same work In the grades which have been found most profit able for American children at home. Owing to the fact that in educational matters the rights of the Individual states have been recognized as pare mount, there is no national executive center for education in America, con sequently, critics have declared that this country has no educational sys tem, that the schools are a miscel laneous collection of educational ex periments with no uniformity of either object or method. This charge may have been partially true a generation ago, but there is no Justification for vorce. She has had only one calico dress In nine years. Mfs. Anse Judson, wife of our popu lar and congenial villlge banker, has got a new changeable silk dress. But it doesn't seem as though any woman would want a dress that she couldn't change once In a while. Rod Haskins of this town has lost his Job as light comedian with the medicine show. He took on weight and got too heavy. Hank Tumms' wife sent him to the drug store for some cold cream and he brought home some ice cream, which was the coldest he could get. Miss Euphemia Mudge, our poetess of passion, Ja writing a play for Charles S'rolman, and Charles will probably be quite surprised when he finds it out. Second-hand tombstone by the name of Johnson for sale at this office, or will trade It for a good bucksaw and three gallons of cider. Luke Bibbins has been appointed deppity game warden for this dees trick, and will begin by investigating the poker game in the back room of the harness shop. Everything seems to have a mission In this world excepting mlstion fur nlture. A hangln' committee has been ap pointed for the local art exhibit, and that il a good thing, for some of the artists certainly deserve it. Famous sayings af Famous Men. "There is dope."-Dr. Bunyon. "And, have you et, too, Brute?" J. Caesar. "The public be ding swiszled."--W. H. Vanderbilt. "Give me liberty or-."-Nat Good win. Uncle Joe Cannon. "The hair goes with the hide "-El bert Hubbard. Throughout the whole world, educa tion has been in process of evolution during the past century. The United States, as the at lpgeet of the great nations, at thel itlnning, may have been less able to cope with the needs than the longer, established govern ment. Lut whatever was lost in the beginning by the lack of a central or ganisation has been compensated for by thq spontaneous work of the sep arate states. q itate could better make an experiment in an educational theory than thp whole country at large. Each sta thas been active in Investigating an4 trying new .educa tlional methods. In this way better re suits have been obtained, with less of time, and the best ideals have been quickly incorporated into American education. For example, the discover les of Froebel and Pestalossl were more quickly, put into general use in American schools than in the coun tries where they originated because of the fact that the states were able to act independently. While each state controls Its own public schools, which are supported partially by its own system of taxa tion, the national government has been very liberal in appropriations to sup plement the state funds. With the policy of encouraging rather than con trolling public education In the dif ferent states, large grants of land for school purposes have been made from time to time. These grants now amount altogether to 71,659,419 acres with a valuation approximating $120, 000,000. In addition to this, the na tional government provides for each agricultural experiment station con nected with a state agricultural col lege appropriations amounting to over $150,000 annually, besides a $25,000 perpetual endowment for each of these colleges themselves. This Is equiva lent to a capitalisation fund of $1,000, 000 at 4 per cent for each state and territory or, in the aggregate, about $50,000,000 more. In addition -to all this some 8,000,000 acres of swamp lands and other special grants are de voted to education. In 1857, the surplus funds of the United States treasury were loaned to some of the states for educational pur poses to the amount of $15,000,000. This fund constitutes a portion of the school fund of these states. The total value of the aid given by the national government for educational purposes throughout the country approximates $300,000,000. Aside from the provision made by the national government and the large sums devoted to educational purposes by the individual % states, account should be taken of the immense sums set apart for" educational purposes by private philanthropy. The general board of education has control of funds providing an annual Indome of $1,500, 000 devoted to different objects of educational research. This includes the J. D. IRockefeller special fund, general fund and foundation; the Anna T. James fund, the Carnegie foundation fund, Including the pension provision, and the IRusell Sage foundation fund, which Is devoted chiefly to social eel ence research. The tre d of education in America is towards practical utility rather than general culture. It is becoming sclen tific rather than classical. Vocational education may now begin in 'the kin dergarten; it ends in the college orl univerilty. While the public sohools, providing, as they do, the educational resources of fully 75. per cent of the country's population, are of first con sideration In this respect, th~e higher institutions of learnnll are also de veloping along this same line. It is now recogai.ed that applied mechani cal skill has a, much educational value as classical Iaterature. The en glnoering degrees Q, ,,, r . I.,, or E. E. are quite as honorable an attain ment as the professlonal degrees of the phyrelolp, lawye or. Olergyman. Of e. advan ta is tqa advance made ! gultoivr lucatOn, which 1 ;i , fmJgr the Twentieth century. Rural educa tion, including the consolidation of the small country schools, the provision for high school courses in rural dis tricts, and the development of the state agricultural college has made its greatest ttlides during the past five years. Higher educational facilities, espe cially in the sciences, may now be found in America than exist in Eu rope. Wihl many American students still go abroad to study, each year in creases the number of foreign students coming to study here. That the at tainments of American universities are recognised in Europe is evidenced by the number of professors now found in European universities. Only last year, a professor of English in an. American university was invited to Cambridge to teach English to the English, and almost every large insti tution of Europe now has American professors upon Its staff of teachers. America's attitude towards the edu cational progress of the world has been helpful. The part this nation is now playing in supplying modern educa tional facilities to the Chinese will go down in history as an unparalleled procedure. Modern Japan acknowl edges a great debt to American educa tors, and, in so far as the practical sciences are concerned, the nations of the world all come to the United States to learn. Many features of this great and complex American system of education are of only professional or technical interet, but every American ought to know something of the general char acter of the schools of his land. In the 17 articles that will follow a com prehensive review of the entire system will be given. Tomorrow - "Education." Il-"The t'ommon School." ENGLISH NOBLEMAN SEEKS WORK MARQUIS OF QUEENSBURY AR RIVES IN AMERICA TO MAKE HIS NEW HOME. New York, Aug. 18.-The Marquis of Queensbbry arrived here from Lon don early today with the announce ment that he expects to become an American citizen, provided he can find something to do here. First of all, he is going to look over the mining field, and if he finds conditions favorable, he will bring over his two sons and let the boys 'grow up with the country. The marquis declared 4hat he left England behind him without regret. "I am not of the idle rich," he said, "and even though I were the possessor of an immense fortune I should try to do something more than fill a suit of court clothes and dwadle about in indolence." "IWOPENNY" SMITH TEARS LOOSE AGAIN Wallace, Aug. 18.-(Special.)-VWill lam M. Smith, known throughout the Coeur d'Alenes as "Twopenny Smith." has broken into the limelight again after "lying low" for more than two months. This time Smith Is charged with chasing his wife and children from the house, armed with a two bitted axe. Smith is a homesteader living on the North Fork of the Coeur d'Alene river about eight miles from Enaville. Dur ing the past few days, his wife charges, Smith has returned home more or less intoxicated and chased his entire family of several children Into the woods, threatening to kill them with an axe. He was arrested and brought to this city on Information of his wife. lie will be tried for his sanity. Smith is a notorious character, having been under arrest a number of times during the past two years. MAINE VICTIM BURIED. Red Oak, ITa., Aug. 18.-The funeral of Lieutenant Darwin Merritt, whose body was recovered from the wreck of the battleship Maine in Havana harbor, was held here this afternoon. So great was the attendance that the Chautauqua auditorium was used. Judge Deemer of the Iowa supreme court gave the funeral oration. Judge Walter I Smith of the federal circuit court also spoke. Governor Carroll and staff and many prominent army and naval officers at tended. Drink Habit The result of stored up alcoholic poelson in the stomach and intes tines Is guaranteed cured in Just three days by the Gatlin treatment and all creving and desire for liquor gone to your own satisfaction, or the treatment costs you nothing. Thousands have been cured by this treatment in the past twelve years, and it will just as surely ouro you. No Hypodermie injeotions or bad after effects., Cannot be given se cretly, but can be given at home. The Gatlin institute Co. Is in corporated and capitalized at one million dollaro paid up stock; es tabllished In 1898 at Denver, Colo., and has forty 'branch Institutes throughout the United Stater. The Montana Branoh is located at Helena. For further particulars write the Gatlhn Inetitute, Helena, Mont. For reference as to reliability write the Union Bank Trust Ce., Aelena. Orton Bros. Move To Larger Store at 426 Higgins Ave. NEXT TO ISIS THEATER In Order to Have Room for Their Great Piano Club Which Begins FRIDAY See full particulars of this Piano Club on Page 2 of this paper. Store Room For Rent Fine location, steam heat, hot and cold water,r20x80 feet. Rent, if taken at once, $75 monthly Ans. P. O. Box 598 JUST TRY AN Electric Table Stove The Very Thing for SUMMER COOKING and You Will Use It Always Missoula Light & Water Co. ·----- ...- --I Sacrifice Sale of Desirable Property On account of leaving the city will sell my seven-room horm9, corner qf Hilda and Connell avenues. The house is new, strictly mod ern; hard wood floors, furnace heat and flrep'ace. Will also sell new five-room bungalow, No. 410 Connell avenue; fur nace heat, strictly modern; range, laundry tubs, etc. Will also sell the best unbuilt residence corner In Missoula. Four lots on the corner of University and Gerald avenue Will make terms to suit customer. Inquire forenoons at 400 Con. nell avenue, or Bell phone 918 black. F. M. LOCKMAN Adver ise 'n the Miss.