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morrow N30. MISSOULA, MONTANA, TUSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 12, 1911. PRICE IV VOL. xxXVlI. NO. 130. MISSOULA, MONTANA, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 12, 1911. PRICG PIVB Cl FLIGHT BEGINS AT GOLDEN GATE AVIATOR ROBERT 0. FOWLER OTART8 ON LONG TRANSCONTI NENTAL AERIAI. OURNEY. FRISCO NEW YORK One Hundred and Twenty-Six Miles to Auburn Is Made at Speed of Forty. Five Miles an Hour-Lands at Foot of Sierras, Which He Will Attempt to Cross Today. THE FIRST DAY. Ascended at San Francisco at 1:37 p. m. Descended at Sacramento at 3:37 p. in.. Left Sacramento at 5:55 p. m. Reached Auburn, 6:36 p. in. Distance from San Francisco, 126 miles. Total flying time, 2 hours, 41 min utes. San I.r'anclsco, Sept. 11.-With the stead trade wind of the Pacific at his back, 'Robert 0. Fowler, the first aviator to attempt a transcontinental flight, sped today up the fertile Sac ramento valley and landed at 6:38 o'clock this evening at the foot of the white ramparts of the Sierras, the conquest of whose summit may prove the ultimate test of success or fall ure for his attempt. With but a brief halt at Sacramento for oil and gaso line, lie drove his biplane high over the rolling foothills and landed 'lith out a single untoward incident at Au burn, Cal., 126 miles from his starting point. Sped by a mother's kiss and "God bless you," Fowler rose from the stadium in Golden Gate park at 1:87 p. in. Sweeping In a circle over the surf of the Pacific, his air craft swung like a compass needle until his for. ward planes were notched into the gap in the snow line of the Sierras through which he hopes to pass. ' Then, with the cheers of .thousands billowing up to him, he sped over the city, swerved past the ferry tower, skimmed over the fighting masts of the cruisers at anchor in the bay, with a hand wave 'of greeting, and Ihummed steadily over the trail first worn by the argo nauts of '10. Forty-five Miles an Hour. Over Berkeley, Suisun, Cannons and Elmira he sped, flying with the same steadiness and control that marked his start. The watches that checked his progress showed that he was making a steady 411 miles an hour and he never varied from that pace. As he swept over the dome of the state capitol at Sacramento a roar from the thousands massed in Agri cultural park directed him to his land ing place. After a daring spiral, he settled easily to the ground, pulled the cotton from his ears and shouted, "Well, I'm here boys. What time is it?" He was told it was 3:87 o'clock. He had covered the 00 miles of the first leg of his journey in exactly two hours. "It ,was a great trip," he said. "I had not the `slightest engine trouble, and the 'feel' of the air, even over Carquinez straits, was perfect." He announced that he would con tinue to Auburn tonight and his me chanics, who had followed him in a special train, fought their way through the mob about the machine and pre pared for the contlnuatfon of the Journey. At 5:55 p. m. he slipped back into the driving seat, signalled to his me chanics and was off to the eastward. While his engine was h-lng groomed, (Continued on Page Threoe) - Class Ad History CVII.-.GETTING QUICK RESULTS. Yesterday's history told of a 34-day quest for a ten ant. But it was a success. Here is a job along the same line which the class ad did quickly. It is a mat ter of reaching the right person. This case shows quick results: FOR RENT-FURNISHED HOUSES THREIE-ROOM HOUSE PURNI1SHECD $10 month. 1013 Tools avenue. Twq insertions of this little ad rented the house. It was Just the house for which a man had been looking, who has the habit of reading The Missoulian's classi fied page. Why don't you try to reach the man who ls looking for your house? The cost is only one cent a word, You can find him at slight cost. If you are out of work and want a job for the winter, tell The Miusoulian and your ad will be printed for nothing. wAL9.K ON THE O POPULAR RULE IS THE ISSUE OVERSHADOWING THE TARIFF IS SENATOR DIXON'S OPINION To a Mlssoullan reporter last even ing, Senator Dixon talked interestingly regarding the work of the recent ses sion of congress and various matters of public interest. both at home and in Washington. "I returned home by way of the new Milwaukee road," he said. "This was tihe first time I have had an opportu nity of seeing the new railroad line through Montana,. and I was especially interested in seeing, for the first time, that section of the state along the Musselshell valley from Forsyth to Harlowton. "The new development In that sec tion of the state is most Interesting, The former country postoffice sites in what was the old range country along the Musselshell are now thriving towns, i4vina, Musselshell, Roundup, Mel stone and other places are rapidly de veloplng into centers of distribution and business activity. The upper val ley from Harlowton down to Lombard, where the Milwaukee road has rebuilt the old Montana road, is also rapidly developing. They tell me the Judith Basin country will this year produce 8,000,000 bushels of grain. That Is what I call really producing new wealth. Farm Wealth. "We talk about prosperity," he said, "but the foundation of all real pros perity is agriculture. Montana is cer tainly destined to become a great farm ing state. The man on the 160-acre grain and alfalfa tarm in eastern Mon tana, together with the man, in the 40 acre fruit farm in western Monl,.,a Il the real factor in making our stgto. More and more will the farming ele ment determine the future of Mon tana and on the prospierity and de velopment of the agricultural interests will depend our future growth and in crease of wealth and population. The '820-acre dry farm hoineetend' is fast converting the old sheep and cat tle ranges of eastern Montana Illnto waving fields of wheat and oats and barley. They tell me that Dawson county alone will this year produce a half million bushels of flax seed. That means more than a million dollars of new wealth In that one county alone, fro)m that one item of agriculture." Naturally that line of conversation caused the senator to drift into the current talk on "Canadian reciprocity." Reciprocity. "Yes, I talked agalhst and voted against the Canadian reciprocity bill, as did nearly every other senator and congressman west of the Mississippi river, but we were not strong enough in the senate to overcome the voting strength of the senators from the east ern and southern states. I have no apologies to offer for my position on the matter. Representing, in part, the Interests of agricultural Montana, I felt that I could not' do otherwise. "I didn't think It fair to compel the western farmer to sell all his products in a free trade market and compel him to purchase everything he buys in a protected toarket. The fight on reciprocity In the United States and that now going on in Canada, presents an interesting study to a student of politics. Here it was the manufactur ing and city populations who thought they saw an opportunity for 'cheap farm products,' backed up by the rail road Interests, which expect to reap financial advantage from transporting Canadian farm products Into the American markets, together with the slpeilal nterests of the big city daily newspapers, who p)anted 'free print paper' that supported the measure. "In the present campaign In Canada) it is just the reverse-there the great agricultural interests rf -"'stern Can ada are unanimous for reciprocity, as they iwant to get their farm products into the markets of the United States free of tariff duties. The Canadian Pacific railroad interests are against It, as it moans the loss of tonnage to the Hill railroads. Heretofore west ern Canada wheat, outs, hay, barley, cattle, sheep and other farm products found its market in the export trade to Europe. While under' reciprocity it wJll go to the eastern cities in the United States. One-Sided. e "I am a protectionist, but I don't be lieve in protection for the eastern .manufacturer and free trade for the Montana farmer. "The next republican state conven tion and the next national republican convention will have to meet squarely that issue. "Montana republicans will not stand for that kind of a protective tariff. We would be humiliatingly defeated, and justly so, should the republican party, either in Montana or in the na tion at large, attempt to fasten onto the commercial system of this nation so unjust and illogical a policy that makes fish of one agricultural indus try and flesh of our manufacturing in terests. "Our democratic friends may be able to adjust themselves to that kind of financial doctrine, but as a repub licap trying to.represent the people of an agricultural state, I cannot," In Montana. The senator was asked whether the fact that the Montana legislature last winter having passed a resolution "favoring the pending Canadian reel protkty treaty in order to lower the cost of living" had not embarrassed him in his opposition to the measure. He said: "Not in the least. I was fully advised as to special Interests involved ~n the authorship and prep aration of the 'resolution.' and the way It was railroaded through the Mon tana legislature, m4tthout a single mcnnber having read the text of the reciprocity treaty or knowing Its real provisions. I have too much confi dence in the judgment of the Indl vidual members of a Montana legisla ture to believe that they would have knowingly passed the resolution 'to de crease the cost of living' In farm prod ucts alone for the soleo benefit of east ern manufacturing cities at the sole expense of the farmers here at home. Our people in Montana are pretty lib eral, but I don't believe we are ready to go that length for the benefit of the east. No. the 'resolution' didn't embarrass me in the least." Thq reporter asked Mr. Dixon whether or not, in his opinion, tariff would be the issue In the next cam palgn. An Issue. He replied: "It will, of course, be an issue. It always has been and prob ably will always be, to a greater or less degree, an issue in politics. The real live issue in politics in Montana and the nation is not tariff. Some of the politicians and some of the newspapers may try to overshadow and becloud it In the minds of the peo ple, but it is here and will not be set tied or set aside until it is settled and settled right. "Some of the politicians and news papers and 'special Interests"tried their best 60 years ago to avoid the final and inevitable and burning Issue of slavery and you know how miserably they failed. The Real Issue. "The real issue In Montana politics, as well as in national politics, is whether or not we are going to restore real representative government to the people of this country, or whether the government in Montana and in the na tion will continue to le largely domi nated by 'special interests' as against the common welfare. That is the great, overwhelming issue and we have got to meet it and settle it. "Old-time partisan political allegiance is resting lightly on the shoulders oi the average citizen in Montana as else where in this country. Old, time-worn political platitudes and party conven. (Continued on Page Seven). COMMANDANT DIES AT SOLDIERS' HOME Helena, Sept. 11.-(Speclal.) News was received in Helena to. day of the death early this morn Ing at the Montana Soldiers' home at Columbia F'lls of Captain H. S. Howell, commandant. Death was due to gallstones and an attack of appendicitis. Captain Howell was born in New Jersey in 1844 and after serving in the Union army un til the close of the olvil war, came to Montana in 183,. He located in Helena a number of years ego and was active in democratic politics, being at one time seeretary to Gov. ernor Toole, and also connected 'with the internal revenue service. He was appointed commandant of the soldiers' home in 1901. He leaves, besides hill.wife, a -son and a daughter. BLOOD SPILLED, IN CHINESE RIOTS TROOPS KILL MANIFESTANTS IN CHENGTU, IN PROVINCE OF SZECHUAN. CONDITIONS ARE SEROUS Floods and the Ugly Temper of the People Combine to Make Matters Terrible-Amerioan Vessels Try to Get as Near as Possible to the Scene of the Discontent for Help. Washington, Sept. 11.-Blood has been spilled In Ssechuan, China, and the situation has grown rapidly In seri ousness. Over 20 rioters and a num ber of soldiers have been killed in bat tie during the last few days, resulting from attacks of dissatisfied natives on the yamen, the realdences of Cheng Tu, the viceroy of Bsechuan. This Infor mation reached the state department today. Relorts to the department Indicate that the American women and children have already left Cheng Tu under es. cort and It Is thought that others also have departed. With 1,000 soldiers, Tuan Pang, dl rector of the Imperial railways, left Hankow for the disturbed province on Saturday. Other forces are being collected on the Bsechuan border. To Investigate the situation, which Is threatening the Americans, United States Consul Pon tius left Hankow saturday night for Chang King. The gravity of the con ditions and the fearful possibilities of the mammoth uprising have brought the central government of China to a quick decision to suppress the trouble with a strong hand. On Thursday the ringleaders of the .agitation were arrested by the viceroy of the province. This Inflamed their followers and resulted In a vicious at tack on the yamen by the mob. The soldiers on guard fired into the rioters, killing 20 of them. The mob returned and In a subsequent assault on the viceroy's residence, slew a number of the troops. Latest news in regard to the condl tlon is unattainable, as the telegraph wires between Cheng Tu and Chung King have been cut. The capital of the rebellious province is out off from the rest of the world and the devel opments of the encounter between the mob and soldiers are unknown. The political and economic ills of China are not all, for her troubles continue through the ravages of nature. Twen ty-seven counties in northern Anhwel and Klang Su provinces have been dev astated by the floods of the uncon trollable Yangtse, according to ofit cial reports to the American legation at Henking. Conditions In the Yangtse valley are reported as improving. The central government of China has appropriated about $400,000 for relief but that amount is regarded as wholly inade quate. All the American naval atrength deemed necessary as a precaution is being concentrated as near as possible to the scene of serious disorders In China. Admiral Murdock today cabled the navy department that he sailed on his flagship Saratoga today, accom panied by the cruisers New Orleans and Helena from Shanghai for Nan king. The admiral's report contained nothing regarding the situation In China. Against the strong current of the Yangtse-Klang, the three cruisers are likely to make slow headway. They are expected at Nanking by tomorrow. Revolutionists Taking Part. St. Petersburg, Sept. 11.--A dispatch from Peking says that 40 men were killed and 1wounded in defense of the viceroy's yamnen at Cheng Tu, which was attacked today by a mob. Revolu tionists are suld to be taking a proml nent part in the disorders. The same dispatch says a prelimi nary agreement between the govern mnent of Chinese Turkestan and an American bank is published regarding a loan for colonization and mining pur Imies under the guarantee of the pro vlncial resenues. STRIKE ON ILLINOIS CENTRAL AVERTED BY THE MACHINISTS Chicago, R~ept. 1I .-The strike threat ened for several days by the shopmen of the Illinois Central railroad because of refusal of the railroad to recognise the Federation of Mechanical Em ployes, was finally averted today and the federation will reorganize. The executive board of the International Association of Machinists met at Dav enport, Iowa, and refused to authorize a strike, on the ground that the sys tem federation had not conducted its negotiations properly and this left the federation without the necessary sup port for a strike. When J. 1. McCreery, president of the system federation, and Ill cvm-l NORTHERN PACIFIC GRANTS LOWER RATES Illrt.eman, Sept. 11.-Thomas B Qun.w, the Glalatin county grain deller. who spellt mo,nths In an en deav-'r to get cheaper freight rates n ,I liy and grain from Montana to eastsrn points, was ilated today on receiving a letter frnm high North ern Pacific officials saying the re quelst had been granted and that a $7 rate per ton would prevail on hay from points as far west as Townsend and Alder, and that it would be $6 per ton from Red Lodge and intermediate points. This opens the markets of St. Paul. Minneapolis. Duluth and West Superior to Montana shippers, the old freight rates of $9 to St. Paul being prohibitive. NORTHERN PACIFIC SHOPMEN FORM FEDERATION QUIETLY MEET IN LIVINGSTON TO FORM ASSOCIATION OF ALL EMPLOYES. Livingston, Sept. 11.--(peclal.)-For the purpose of forming a federated trades union similar to the Harriman lines federation, to be composed of all shopmen on the Northern Pacific sys tem, delegates from Tacoma, Seattle, Spokane, Ellensburg, Helena, Living ston, Billings, St. Paul, Brainerd, Staples and Duluth gathered hero to day. Thomas Van Lear, the promi nent Minneapolls socialist leader, I. at tending the meeting and will no doubt be elected president of the federation. At the meeting this afternoon the con stitution and by-laws of the organisa tion were drawn up and other routine business was transacted. Tomorrow, I officers will be elected. The sessions will end Wednesday night or Thursday morning. In an interview here today, Mr. Van Lear declared that the federated trades had been contemplated for some time and that he had only succeeded in get ting a meeting here today after three years' labor. "The organisation is an amalgamation of railroad employes, ac cording to Mr. Van Lear, formed for the purpose of protecting Its members. "In my opinion," said Mr. Van Lear, "the federated trades will prevent mahy strikes, for when thq railroads know that the various trades are amal gamated they will' concede to their de mands, it they are reasonable, and thus prevent strikes." When asked why the meeting had been kept a secret until today, Mr. Van Lear declared that it was neces sary to do this In or~er to "forestall" any objections to a successful meeting which might arise. By this it is evi dent that Mr. Van Iear believes the railroad officials would have attempted to prevent the various delegates from attending the convegtion. 'YOUNG GRANDMOTHER HOLDS THE RECORDS Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 11.-A grand mother of two children at the age o 29 and three at 30 years, Is the rec crd of Mrs. N. W. Bender of this I city. It is claimed that Mrs. Bender is the youngest grandmother on rec ord. Mrs. Bender, who is 31 years old, was married to E. W. Moore at Columbia, . C., in 1892. She was only 11 years and 3 months old wlhe' her first child was born. This chill, I a daughter, was married In 1909 to. Ed ward 'irn'lair and in January, 1910, gave birth to twins, the mother beln.g barely 16, and the grandmother not yet 30. In January of this year, Mrs. Bender's daughter gave birth to an other child. Mr. Moore died when Mrs. Sinclaitr was an Infant. Later his widow mar rled B. W. Bender. GIRL DIES., 1 Lincoln, Nb., Sept. 11.-F.lorence i Arnold, a 14-year-old girl died hes - today after she had poisoned herself - with carbolic acid used in mistake for tooth powdcer . mittee met with W. F. Kramer and the committee of international officers today they received word from Dav enport that the machinists' executive' board had voted positively against a strike. A strike without the financial assistance of the machinists' interna tional union was regarded as at Ihast hazardous. IrreOular. The federation officials were in formed by the machinists' board that the method of procedure In demandlaig recognition froam the Illinois Central was Irregular. They were told that the action they had taken wa% in vlo latiton of the 30-day nutic clauses ii I "DRYS" LOSE IN MAIIE'S ELECTION OVER NINE HUNDRED MAJORITY IN FAVOR OF REPEALING PROHIBITION CLAUSE. VOTE IS VERY HEAW Constitutional Amendment Which Was Passed in 1884 Now Becomes In active, But Law Forbidding Sale of Intoxicants. Passed in 1867, Is Still in Force and May Be Repealed. CLOSE. Portland, Me., Sept. 11.-xnoffl clal and only partly-revised re turns from 499 out of 621 cities, towns and plantations In Maine to day gave a majority of 904 for re peal of the prohibition constitu tional amendment. The mlming 22 towns cast less than 386 votes at the state election three years ago. The vote by congressional districts follows: For. Against. First district ........ 17,382 16,473 Second district ...... 16,982 1S6,20 Third district .......... 1 1,47 13,603 Fourth district ...... 14,011 15,582 Totalsl .................. 10,11 71 Portland, Me., Sept. 11.-tUnoffclal returns late tonight Indlested that pro hlbltlon was voted out of the constitu tion of Maine today by a majority of about 1,400 votes. About i2 small towns had not been reported and the vote pf these, together with errors In cident to the collection of retrre . telephone, still left the exact reslt;' some doubt. One hundred and twenty th voters cast ballots on the que With the 25 towns misslngl the was 60.968 for repeal and 50.583 agJlnast a change in the constitution. As had been predicted, the eltip were the chief strongholds of the re peal faction, but the majority of 1,200 In the total city vote was barely sut ftclent, according to the latest avail able returns, to offset the vote of the rural rellons. Although today's vote did not equal that of a year ago, when the demo crats swept the state which for years had been a republican stronghold, the election was an Interesting contest. There was not a home In pay part of the state which was not flooded with literature by both sides, while the voters were waited on by prpsonal workers and harangued at publlo gath. erlngl to cast their ballot for or agaLnst repeal. The result was that hundreds oat voters who had not visited the polls for years with the possible exception of last year, were recorded today. Little excitement marked the voting. Although the polls In some of the cltles were crowded most of the time, it was an orderly crowd and gave the officials little or no trouble. Since 1857 Maine has had a statute prohibiting the sale of Intoxicating liquors, and since 1884 prohibition has been a part of the constituon.a, la 1884 the question of placlng proehhl lion In the constitutlo DWa swon by a majority of 46,5988. The democratic party last year rmade the question of resubmisslon of the constitutional amendment a plank In its platform. The democrats svept t the state and the legislature voted to put the question before the people. The apparent decision of the voters Ion the face if the returns to take pro hibititn oft of the constitution does not mean that liquor can lawfully be sold. The legislature must act before it.he present statutory law adopted in 1Kn7 can be repealed and the question Imust again go before the people. Whether t;overnor Plaisted will oall ar speciatI easlion of the legislature foe the lpurpose is not knowln, but amonlg prominelllnt demllocrats It is reported that he will take such a step. lrs. LillItan Stevens, IationlI presl dent of the W. C. T. t'., issuedl the fitlloit ing utatement tonlight: ' "Tlthere is no dlefeat. No call If'r 1e trea;t van be blown front the hugh, of right. The result of tile great bhattle (tctltlinued on Page Three) the contracts between the Interuan tionul unions and the railroad und " strike for recognition on that u.ewi could not be enforced. It .as concluded, tierefore, to reore ganize the shopmen's federation alonl new lines and to proceed in confor~-. ity with tgreements so that the sup port of the nternatlional utnlons might hp procured without Jeopardizing ea. i sting agreelments. Tomorrow the committee of itterip tional officers and the system ted+~ t tlon leaders will most igain to forjtuY. late an annouro'emunt to the Illlt.I:,,, ('entral shopmnen estting l eoth t.L cumstanees and suggesting iluti future aotlou, . . . , : . , ý,"