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The Daily Missoulian. [volume] (Missoula, Mont.) 1904-1961, September 12, 1911, Morning, Image 1

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[LHTHER.
morrow N30. MISSOULA, MONTANA, TUSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 12, 1911. PRICE IV
VOL. xxXVlI. NO. 130. MISSOULA, MONTANA, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 12, 1911. PRICG PIVB Cl
FLIGHT BEGINS
AT GOLDEN
GATE
AVIATOR ROBERT 0. FOWLER
OTART8 ON LONG TRANSCONTI
NENTAL AERIAI. OURNEY.
FRISCO NEW YORK
One Hundred and Twenty-Six Miles to
Auburn Is Made at Speed of Forty.
Five Miles an Hour-Lands at Foot
of Sierras, Which He Will Attempt
to Cross Today.
THE FIRST DAY.
Ascended at San Francisco at
1:37 p. m.
Descended at Sacramento at 3:37
p. in..
Left Sacramento at 5:55 p. m.
Reached Auburn, 6:36 p. in.
Distance from San Francisco, 126
miles.
Total flying time, 2 hours, 41 min
utes.
San I.r'anclsco, Sept. 11.-With the
stead trade wind of the Pacific at
his back, 'Robert 0. Fowler, the first
aviator to attempt a transcontinental
flight, sped today up the fertile Sac
ramento valley and landed at 6:38
o'clock this evening at the foot of the
white ramparts of the Sierras, the
conquest of whose summit may prove
the ultimate test of success or fall
ure for his attempt. With but a brief
halt at Sacramento for oil and gaso
line, lie drove his biplane high over
the rolling foothills and landed 'lith
out a single untoward incident at Au
burn, Cal., 126 miles from his starting
point.
Sped by a mother's kiss and "God
bless you," Fowler rose from the
stadium in Golden Gate park at 1:87
p. in. Sweeping In a circle over the
surf of the Pacific, his air craft swung
like a compass needle until his for.
ward planes were notched into the gap
in the snow line of the Sierras through
which he hopes to pass. ' Then, with
the cheers of .thousands billowing up
to him, he sped over the city, swerved
past the ferry tower, skimmed over
the fighting masts of the cruisers at
anchor in the bay, with a hand wave
'of greeting, and Ihummed steadily
over the trail first worn by the argo
nauts of '10.
Forty-five Miles an Hour.
Over Berkeley, Suisun, Cannons and
Elmira he sped, flying with the same
steadiness and control that marked his
start. The watches that checked his
progress showed that he was making
a steady 411 miles an hour and he
never varied from that pace.
As he swept over the dome of the
state capitol at Sacramento a roar
from the thousands massed in Agri
cultural park directed him to his land
ing place. After a daring spiral, he
settled easily to the ground, pulled the
cotton from his ears and shouted,
"Well, I'm here boys. What time is
it?"
He was told it was 3:87 o'clock. He
had covered the 00 miles of the first
leg of his journey in exactly two hours.
"It ,was a great trip," he said. "I
had not the `slightest engine trouble,
and the 'feel' of the air, even over
Carquinez straits, was perfect."
He announced that he would con
tinue to Auburn tonight and his me
chanics, who had followed him in a
special train, fought their way through
the mob about the machine and pre
pared for the contlnuatfon of the
Journey.
At 5:55 p. m. he slipped back into
the driving seat, signalled to his me
chanics and was off to the eastward.
While his engine was h-lng groomed,
(Continued on Page Threoe) -
Class Ad History
CVII.-.GETTING QUICK RESULTS.
Yesterday's history told of a 34-day quest for a ten
ant. But it was a success. Here is a job along the
same line which the class ad did quickly. It is a mat
ter of reaching the right person. This case shows
quick results:
FOR RENT-FURNISHED HOUSES
THREIE-ROOM HOUSE PURNI1SHECD
$10 month. 1013 Tools avenue.
Twq insertions of this little ad rented the house. It
was Just the house for which a man had been looking,
who has the habit of reading The Missoulian's classi
fied page. Why don't you try to reach the man who
ls looking for your house? The cost is only one cent
a word, You can find him at slight cost. If you are
out of work and want a job for the winter, tell The
Miusoulian and your ad will be printed for nothing.
wAL9.K ON THE O
POPULAR RULE IS THE ISSUE
OVERSHADOWING THE TARIFF
IS SENATOR DIXON'S OPINION
To a Mlssoullan reporter last even
ing, Senator Dixon talked interestingly
regarding the work of the recent ses
sion of congress and various matters
of public interest. both at home and
in Washington.
"I returned home by way of the new
Milwaukee road," he said. "This was
tihe first time I have had an opportu
nity of seeing the new railroad line
through Montana,. and I was especially
interested in seeing, for the first time,
that section of the state along the
Musselshell valley from Forsyth to
Harlowton.
"The new development In that sec
tion of the state is most Interesting,
The former country postoffice sites in
what was the old range country along
the Musselshell are now thriving towns,
i4vina, Musselshell, Roundup, Mel
stone and other places are rapidly de
veloplng into centers of distribution
and business activity. The upper val
ley from Harlowton down to Lombard,
where the Milwaukee road has rebuilt
the old Montana road, is also rapidly
developing. They tell me the Judith
Basin country will this year produce
8,000,000 bushels of grain. That Is
what I call really producing new
wealth.
Farm Wealth.
"We talk about prosperity," he said,
"but the foundation of all real pros
perity is agriculture. Montana is cer
tainly destined to become a great farm
ing state. The man on the 160-acre
grain and alfalfa tarm in eastern Mon
tana, together with the man, in the 40
acre fruit farm in western Monl,.,a Il
the real factor in making our stgto.
More and more will the farming ele
ment determine the future of Mon
tana and on the prospierity and de
velopment of the agricultural interests
will depend our future growth and in
crease of wealth and population. The
'820-acre dry farm hoineetend' is
fast converting the old sheep and cat
tle ranges of eastern Montana Illnto
waving fields of wheat and oats and
barley. They tell me that Dawson
county alone will this year produce a
half million bushels of flax seed. That
means more than a million dollars of
new wealth In that one county alone,
fro)m that one item of agriculture."
Naturally that line of conversation
caused the senator to drift into the
current talk on "Canadian reciprocity."
Reciprocity.
"Yes, I talked agalhst and voted
against the Canadian reciprocity bill, as
did nearly every other senator and
congressman west of the Mississippi
river, but we were not strong enough
in the senate to overcome the voting
strength of the senators from the east
ern and southern states. I have no
apologies to offer for my position on
the matter. Representing, in part, the
Interests of agricultural Montana, I felt
that I could not' do otherwise.
"I didn't think It fair to compel the
western farmer to sell all his products
in a free trade market and compel
him to purchase everything he buys in
a protected toarket. The fight on
reciprocity In the United States and
that now going on in Canada, presents
an interesting study to a student of
politics. Here it was the manufactur
ing and city populations who thought
they saw an opportunity for 'cheap
farm products,' backed up by the rail
road Interests, which expect to reap
financial advantage from transporting
Canadian farm products Into the
American markets, together with the
slpeilal nterests of the big city daily
newspapers, who p)anted 'free print
paper' that supported the measure.
"In the present campaign In Canada)
it is just the reverse-there the great
agricultural interests rf -"'stern Can
ada are unanimous for reciprocity, as
they iwant to get their farm products
into the markets of the United States
free of tariff duties. The Canadian
Pacific railroad interests are against
It, as it moans the loss of tonnage to
the Hill railroads. Heretofore west
ern Canada wheat, outs, hay, barley,
cattle, sheep and other farm products
found its market in the export trade
to Europe. While under' reciprocity
it wJll go to the eastern cities in the
United States.
One-Sided. e
"I am a protectionist, but I don't be
lieve in protection for the eastern
.manufacturer and free trade for the
Montana farmer.
"The next republican state conven
tion and the next national republican
convention will have to meet squarely
that issue.
"Montana republicans will not stand
for that kind of a protective tariff.
We would be humiliatingly defeated,
and justly so, should the republican
party, either in Montana or in the na
tion at large, attempt to fasten onto
the commercial system of this nation
so unjust and illogical a policy that
makes fish of one agricultural indus
try and flesh of our manufacturing in
terests.
"Our democratic friends may be
able to adjust themselves to that kind
of financial doctrine, but as a repub
licap trying to.represent the people of
an agricultural state, I cannot,"
In Montana.
The senator was asked whether the
fact that the Montana legislature last
winter having passed a resolution
"favoring the pending Canadian reel
protkty treaty in order to lower the
cost of living" had not embarrassed
him in his opposition to the measure.
He said: "Not in the least. I was
fully advised as to special Interests
involved ~n the authorship and prep
aration of the 'resolution.' and the way
It was railroaded through the Mon
tana legislature, m4tthout a single
mcnnber having read the text of the
reciprocity treaty or knowing Its real
provisions. I have too much confi
dence in the judgment of the Indl
vidual members of a Montana legisla
ture to believe that they would have
knowingly passed the resolution 'to de
crease the cost of living' In farm prod
ucts alone for the soleo benefit of east
ern manufacturing cities at the sole
expense of the farmers here at home.
Our people in Montana are pretty lib
eral, but I don't believe we are ready
to go that length for the benefit of
the east. No. the 'resolution' didn't
embarrass me in the least."
Thq reporter asked Mr. Dixon
whether or not, in his opinion, tariff
would be the issue In the next cam
palgn.
An Issue.
He replied: "It will, of course, be an
issue. It always has been and prob
ably will always be, to a greater or
less degree, an issue in politics. The
real live issue in politics in Montana
and the nation is not tariff. Some
of the politicians and some of the
newspapers may try to overshadow
and becloud it In the minds of the peo
ple, but it is here and will not be set
tied or set aside until it is settled and
settled right.
"Some of the politicians and news
papers and 'special Interests"tried their
best 60 years ago to avoid the final and
inevitable and burning Issue of slavery
and you know how miserably they
failed.
The Real Issue.
"The real issue In Montana politics,
as well as in national politics, is
whether or not we are going to restore
real representative government to the
people of this country, or whether the
government in Montana and in the na
tion will continue to le largely domi
nated by 'special interests' as against
the common welfare. That is the
great, overwhelming issue and we have
got to meet it and settle it.
"Old-time partisan political allegiance
is resting lightly on the shoulders oi
the average citizen in Montana as else
where in this country. Old, time-worn
political platitudes and party conven.
(Continued on Page Seven).
COMMANDANT DIES
AT SOLDIERS'
HOME
Helena, Sept. 11.-(Speclal.)
News was received in Helena to.
day of the death early this morn
Ing at the Montana Soldiers' home
at Columbia F'lls of Captain H. S.
Howell, commandant. Death was
due to gallstones and an attack of
appendicitis. Captain Howell was
born in New Jersey in 1844 and
after serving in the Union army un
til the close of the olvil war, came
to Montana in 183,. He located in
Helena a number of years ego and
was active in democratic politics,
being at one time seeretary to Gov.
ernor Toole, and also connected
'with the internal revenue service.
He was appointed commandant of
the soldiers' home in 1901. He
leaves, besides hill.wife, a -son and
a daughter.
BLOOD SPILLED,
IN CHINESE
RIOTS
TROOPS KILL MANIFESTANTS IN
CHENGTU, IN PROVINCE
OF SZECHUAN.
CONDITIONS ARE SEROUS
Floods and the Ugly Temper of the
People Combine to Make Matters
Terrible-Amerioan Vessels Try to
Get as Near as Possible to the
Scene of the Discontent for Help.
Washington, Sept. 11.-Blood has
been spilled In Ssechuan, China, and
the situation has grown rapidly In seri
ousness. Over 20 rioters and a num
ber of soldiers have been killed in bat
tie during the last few days, resulting
from attacks of dissatisfied natives on
the yamen, the realdences of Cheng Tu,
the viceroy of Bsechuan. This Infor
mation reached the state department
today.
Relorts to the department Indicate
that the American women and children
have already left Cheng Tu under es.
cort and It Is thought that others also
have departed.
With 1,000 soldiers, Tuan Pang, dl
rector of the Imperial railways, left
Hankow for the disturbed province on
Saturday.
Other forces are being collected on the
Bsechuan border. To Investigate the
situation, which Is threatening the
Americans, United States Consul Pon
tius left Hankow saturday night for
Chang King. The gravity of the con
ditions and the fearful possibilities of
the mammoth uprising have brought
the central government of China to a
quick decision to suppress the trouble
with a strong hand.
On Thursday the ringleaders of the
.agitation were arrested by the viceroy
of the province. This Inflamed their
followers and resulted In a vicious at
tack on the yamen by the mob. The
soldiers on guard fired into the rioters,
killing 20 of them. The mob returned
and In a subsequent assault on the
viceroy's residence, slew a number of
the troops.
Latest news in regard to the condl
tlon is unattainable, as the telegraph
wires between Cheng Tu and Chung
King have been cut. The capital of
the rebellious province is out off from
the rest of the world and the devel
opments of the encounter between the
mob and soldiers are unknown. The
political and economic ills of China are
not all, for her troubles continue
through the ravages of nature. Twen
ty-seven counties in northern Anhwel
and Klang Su provinces have been dev
astated by the floods of the uncon
trollable Yangtse, according to ofit
cial reports to the American legation
at Henking.
Conditions In the Yangtse valley are
reported as improving. The central
government of China has appropriated
about $400,000 for relief but that
amount is regarded as wholly inade
quate.
All the American naval atrength
deemed necessary as a precaution is
being concentrated as near as possible
to the scene of serious disorders In
China. Admiral Murdock today cabled
the navy department that he sailed on
his flagship Saratoga today, accom
panied by the cruisers New Orleans
and Helena from Shanghai for Nan
king. The admiral's report contained
nothing regarding the situation In
China.
Against the strong current of the
Yangtse-Klang, the three cruisers are
likely to make slow headway. They
are expected at Nanking by tomorrow.
Revolutionists Taking Part.
St. Petersburg, Sept. 11.--A dispatch
from Peking says that 40 men were
killed and 1wounded in defense of the
viceroy's yamnen at Cheng Tu, which was
attacked today by a mob. Revolu
tionists are suld to be taking a proml
nent part in the disorders.
The same dispatch says a prelimi
nary agreement between the govern
mnent of Chinese Turkestan and an
American bank is published regarding
a loan for colonization and mining pur
Imies under the guarantee of the pro
vlncial resenues.
STRIKE ON ILLINOIS CENTRAL
AVERTED BY THE MACHINISTS
Chicago, R~ept. 1I .-The strike threat
ened for several days by the shopmen
of the Illinois Central railroad because
of refusal of the railroad to recognise
the Federation of Mechanical Em
ployes, was finally averted today and
the federation will reorganize. The
executive board of the International
Association of Machinists met at Dav
enport, Iowa, and refused to authorize
a strike, on the ground that the sys
tem federation had not conducted its
negotiations properly and this left the
federation without the necessary sup
port for a strike.
When J. 1. McCreery, president of
the system federation, and Ill cvm-l
NORTHERN PACIFIC
GRANTS LOWER
RATES
Illrt.eman, Sept. 11.-Thomas B
Qun.w, the Glalatin county grain
deller. who spellt mo,nths In an en
deav-'r to get cheaper freight rates
n ,I liy and grain from Montana to
eastsrn points, was ilated today on
receiving a letter frnm high North
ern Pacific officials saying the re
quelst had been granted and that a
$7 rate per ton would prevail on
hay from points as far west as
Townsend and Alder, and that it
would be $6 per ton from Red
Lodge and intermediate points.
This opens the markets of St.
Paul. Minneapolis. Duluth and West
Superior to Montana shippers, the
old freight rates of $9 to St. Paul
being prohibitive.
NORTHERN PACIFIC
SHOPMEN FORM
FEDERATION
QUIETLY MEET IN LIVINGSTON
TO FORM ASSOCIATION OF
ALL EMPLOYES.
Livingston, Sept. 11.--(peclal.)-For
the purpose of forming a federated
trades union similar to the Harriman
lines federation, to be composed of all
shopmen on the Northern Pacific sys
tem, delegates from Tacoma, Seattle,
Spokane, Ellensburg, Helena, Living
ston, Billings, St. Paul, Brainerd,
Staples and Duluth gathered hero to
day. Thomas Van Lear, the promi
nent Minneapolls socialist leader, I. at
tending the meeting and will no doubt
be elected president of the federation.
At the meeting this afternoon the con
stitution and by-laws of the organisa
tion were drawn up and other routine
business was transacted. Tomorrow, I
officers will be elected. The sessions
will end Wednesday night or Thursday
morning.
In an interview here today, Mr. Van
Lear declared that the federated trades
had been contemplated for some time
and that he had only succeeded in get
ting a meeting here today after three
years' labor. "The organisation is an
amalgamation of railroad employes, ac
cording to Mr. Van Lear, formed for
the purpose of protecting Its members.
"In my opinion," said Mr. Van Lear,
"the federated trades will prevent
mahy strikes, for when thq railroads
know that the various trades are amal
gamated they will' concede to their de
mands, it they are reasonable, and thus
prevent strikes."
When asked why the meeting had
been kept a secret until today, Mr.
Van Lear declared that it was neces
sary to do this In or~er to "forestall"
any objections to a successful meeting
which might arise. By this it is evi
dent that Mr. Van Iear believes the
railroad officials would have attempted
to prevent the various delegates from
attending the convegtion.
'YOUNG GRANDMOTHER
HOLDS THE RECORDS
Atlanta, Ga., Sept. 11.-A grand
mother of two children at the age o
29 and three at 30 years, Is the rec
crd of Mrs. N. W. Bender of this
I city. It is claimed that Mrs. Bender
is the youngest grandmother on rec
ord. Mrs. Bender, who is 31 years
old, was married to E. W. Moore at
Columbia, . C., in 1892. She was
only 11 years and 3 months old wlhe'
her first child was born. This chill, I
a daughter, was married In 1909 to. Ed
ward 'irn'lair and in January, 1910,
gave birth to twins, the mother beln.g
barely 16, and the grandmother not
yet 30. In January of this year, Mrs.
Bender's daughter gave birth to an
other child.
Mr. Moore died when Mrs. Sinclaitr
was an Infant. Later his widow mar
rled B. W. Bender.
GIRL DIES.,
1 Lincoln, Nb., Sept. 11.-F.lorence
i Arnold, a 14-year-old girl died hes
- today after she had poisoned herself
- with carbolic acid used in mistake for
tooth powdcer .
mittee met with W. F. Kramer and
the committee of international officers
today they received word from Dav
enport that the machinists' executive'
board had voted positively against a
strike. A strike without the financial
assistance of the machinists' interna
tional union was regarded as at Ihast
hazardous.
IrreOular.
The federation officials were in
formed by the machinists' board that
the method of procedure In demandlaig
recognition froam the Illinois Central
was Irregular. They were told that
the action they had taken wa% in vlo
latiton of the 30-day nutic clauses ii I
"DRYS" LOSE
IN MAIIE'S
ELECTION
OVER NINE HUNDRED MAJORITY
IN FAVOR OF REPEALING
PROHIBITION CLAUSE.
VOTE IS VERY HEAW
Constitutional Amendment Which Was
Passed in 1884 Now Becomes In
active, But Law Forbidding Sale of
Intoxicants. Passed in 1867, Is Still
in Force and May Be Repealed.
CLOSE.
Portland, Me., Sept. 11.-xnoffl
clal and only partly-revised re
turns from 499 out of 621 cities,
towns and plantations In Maine to
day gave a majority of 904 for re
peal of the prohibition constitu
tional amendment. The mlming
22 towns cast less than 386 votes
at the state election three years
ago. The vote by congressional
districts follows:
For. Against.
First district ........ 17,382 16,473
Second district ...... 16,982 1S6,20
Third district .......... 1 1,47 13,603
Fourth district ...... 14,011 15,582
Totalsl .................. 10,11 71
Portland, Me., Sept. 11.-tUnoffclal
returns late tonight Indlested that pro
hlbltlon was voted out of the constitu
tion of Maine today by a majority of
about 1,400 votes. About i2 small
towns had not been reported and the
vote pf these, together with errors In
cident to the collection of retrre .
telephone, still left the exact reslt;'
some doubt.
One hundred and twenty th
voters cast ballots on the que
With the 25 towns misslngl the
was 60.968 for repeal and 50.583 agJlnast
a change in the constitution.
As had been predicted, the eltip
were the chief strongholds of the re
peal faction, but the majority of 1,200
In the total city vote was barely sut
ftclent, according to the latest avail
able returns, to offset the vote of the
rural rellons.
Although today's vote did not equal
that of a year ago, when the demo
crats swept the state which for years
had been a republican stronghold, the
election was an Interesting contest.
There was not a home In pay part of
the state which was not flooded with
literature by both sides, while the
voters were waited on by prpsonal
workers and harangued at publlo gath.
erlngl to cast their ballot for or agaLnst
repeal. The result was that hundreds
oat voters who had not visited the polls
for years with the possible exception
of last year, were recorded today.
Little excitement marked the voting.
Although the polls In some of the
cltles were crowded most of the time,
it was an orderly crowd and gave the
officials little or no trouble.
Since 1857 Maine has had a statute
prohibiting the sale of Intoxicating
liquors, and since 1884 prohibition has
been a part of the constituon.a, la
1884 the question of placlng proehhl
lion In the constitutlo DWa swon by
a majority of 46,5988.
The democratic party last year
rmade the question of resubmisslon of
the constitutional amendment a plank
In its platform. The democrats svept
t the state and the legislature voted to
put the question before the people.
The apparent decision of the voters
Ion the face if the returns to take pro
hibititn oft of the constitution does
not mean that liquor can lawfully be
sold. The legislature must act before
it.he present statutory law adopted in
1Kn7 can be repealed and the question
Imust again go before the people.
Whether t;overnor Plaisted will oall
ar speciatI easlion of the legislature foe
the lpurpose is not knowln, but amonlg
prominelllnt demllocrats It is reported
that he will take such a step.
lrs. LillItan Stevens, IationlI presl
dent of the W. C. T. t'., issuedl the
fitlloit ing utatement tonlight:
' "Tlthere is no dlefeat. No call If'r 1e
trea;t van be blown front the hugh, of
right. The result of tile great bhattle
(tctltlinued on Page Three)
the contracts between the Interuan
tionul unions and the railroad und "
strike for recognition on that u.ewi
could not be enforced.
It .as concluded, tierefore, to reore
ganize the shopmen's federation alonl
new lines and to proceed in confor~-.
ity with tgreements so that the sup
port of the nternatlional utnlons might
hp procured without Jeopardizing ea.
i sting agreelments.
Tomorrow the committee of itterip
tional officers and the system ted+~ t
tlon leaders will most igain to forjtuY.
late an annouro'emunt to the Illlt.I:,,,
('entral shopmnen estting l eoth t.L
cumstanees and suggesting iluti
future aotlou, . . . , : . , ý,"

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