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st 4b.'"j~i ~tof it Mluwoula, 4u~qsQ.1 mall matter. +rr (AJYII)Oýý . aoo Prýc. d " tATE (,n Advan...) added for tonAn owuntr.Wm tPH@NE NUMBER. 't : t....,....»». f nd~pend~nL..J10 MI i ULA,OPPICE ii' ! i,81 Weet Main Strut Hamll Offle .124 Maln Street, Hamilton, Mont. M I isoullan may be found on S it the following nlewtands out. .' St Montana: ikOs-Chlceo Newspaper Alen l . . N cornerWb Clark and Madison lneapolls--World News Co., 313 rh Fourth street. S_, t Lek C'ity-MacGllls & Lud ai.nltsoO-Vnilted News Agents. tad--olseolldated News Co., th and Washlngton. • Wte --MUkarts' News Agency, L.venue and Washington; W. 0. e- nitson News Co. A4-Trego News Co., Ninth 5I$UISCRIBIRS' PAPERS. i la Misuoullan is anxious to give L.r6t oarler service; therefore, sub. ae requested to report faulty at once. In ordering paper ed to new address, please give Sdess also. Money orders and should be made payable to u+1 Ian Publishing. Company. 1 NbAY, SEPTEMBER, 11, 1,11. THOMAS H. CARTER Montana's Sunday was early Inter rupted by the reeeipt of the brief an iouncement of the death, yesterday morning,. of former Senator Thomas H. Carter. For hours the authenticity of the news was questioned, so ut tetly unprepared were the people of the state for the event. They were very few, It any, who had known that Mt. Carter was not in perfect physi cal condition. Vigorous, alert and ac ti.e he had been when last his Mon taln friends saw him; it seemed that the best part of his life were yet be fore him. Later, when the news re celved unquestionable confirmation, Montana was staggered. The dis patchles seemed Incredible. So proml nently had Mr. Carter been before the ,people, so well had they known him, so Intimate had been his relations with the interests of the state which had conferred upon him repeated and significant honorees-that it was diffi cult to realise that this distinguished ltisen had passed from the scene of lils activities. At once, as soon as the realisation of "the fact had followed the doubt, messages of'regret poured from Montana to the national capital and words of sytnpathy'for the family, left stricken. And we may be sure that these messages from Montana were supplemented by similar words from all other parts of the country; for Thomas H. Carter was a national figure.' PROMININT-Thomas Henry Car tar was one of the most notable men of all those whom the west has sent to Washington. Comparatively un known when he arrived at the na tional capital as the last territorial delegate from Montana, his aggres aiveness and his ability soon com manded attention and be obtained recognition even while lie occupied the ordinarily" Inocuous position of ropre sentative of a territory. Later, when Montana had been endowed with statehood and Mr. Carter had been returned with full membership in the house of representatives, he added to the reputation which he had previous ly made and became recognized as a man to be reckoned with. But, while he was making the name of Carter known in national politics, he' was giving Montana fame and was letting the east know more than it ever had known before of the greatness of the new state and Its possibilities. Oth ers had told these things before Car ter went to Washington, but nobody had ever before been atle to impress upoen the eastern public the facts re garding this state which Thomas H. Carter stamped indelibly there. It was at a period of Montana's develop itent when this service was particu Sirly effective and the efforts of the hew congreusman were thoroughly alprEelated by the people at home. Almost from the moment that he set foot in Washington until the close of lse 'brlillant career yesterday, Mr. Wts a figure 6f national im qO" its services to his state of ipretimable importance in the o., Opi4et of her natural resources. A Y Lt*--r, Carter was an u s bor t Sooto LO Poun .i` p:I. 'Re tes eived his lb a4 th4 e common ,of^ itetosl~ f which state he e'oo 1. ·boy hd was spent upon a farm; as a young maJ he woted at ra.troad int; the. b taught school, all the while studylig law; in vacations he -anvas ed the central states in the sate of books; he was never ,dle. In Iowa he was admitted to the practice of law and opened an office in Bur lington, from which city he moved to Helena in 1882. In Montana he at once entered upon the practice of his profession and, soon afterward, be came associated as a partner with Judge Clayberg, now dean emeritus of the law department of the Universilty of Montana. At once, the young law yer entered politics. In this field, his natural aptitude won him prompt recognition. lie was steadfastly and uncompromisingly republican at a time when political alignment was some what irregular in this state. In 1888, six years after his arrival in the state. Mr. Carter was nominated for the of fice of delegate in congress. He was opposed by W. A. Clark and. though Montana had theretofore sent, with hut one exception, democrats to sit for her at Washington. Carter de teated his rival by a majority which was then tremendous. He went to Washington . And then began his ca reer as a figure In national politics. IN WASHINGTON--Montana's ad mission to statehood followed soon; Mr. Carter was nominated for repre sentativo in congress and defeated Martin Maglnnls. Clothed with the povers which were denied him as territorial delegate, Mr. Carter I,mme diately commanded recognltlion; his unusual gift of argument* his quick grasp of political situations; his ac tive interest In the affairs of his own state in particular and of the west in general, brought him to the front as a leader of his party on thi floor of the national house. His political acumen obtained him a place in the national councils of his party. In 1890 he was chosen secretary 'of the repub lican congressional committee and in that capacity directed the year's cam paign. His committee duties kept him In New York but his party nominated him to succeed himself, confident that he could carry the state even though not participating In the campaign. Until this time Marcus Daly had not been unfricadly to -Mr. Carter, but in this contest, Mr. Duly manifested a keen personal interest in the defeat of the republican candidate and Car ter was defeated by Judge W. W. Dixon. In the spring of 1891, Prels dent Harrison appointed Mr. Carter commissioner of the general land of fice, which office he filled until July, 1892, when he resigned to become chalrmen ot thle republican national committee. He dcjected the Harrison :amilailgn of that year against odds which made his generalship all the more conspicuous. For three years, he remained in Helena, following the defeat of Harrison, and In 1895 was elected to the United States senate. IN THE 8ENATE-'-In the upper branch of congress Mr. Carter became even more prominent in the national eye. Cartoonists were fond of him because of his facial resemblance to tTncle Sam; his party leaders were at tached to him for his tact and man agerial ability; the west approved him for the work he did for its In terests. He became the best-known man of the west. He was chairman of the census committee and held memberships upon other committees which dealt with western interests. Always he was alert and his sagacity enabled him to servo his constituents with special effectiveness. The close of his first senate term was made spectacular by his remarkable speech against the river and harbor bill and, also, against time. He literally talked the bill to death and defeated the enormous appropriation of funds for river work which had been proposed at the expense of Irrigation plans, then In their infancy. He talked against the bill until the session of congress expired by limitation and his fight was won. Ills speech was one of the most remarkable in the history of the senate. The close of this ses sion brought an interim of four years in Mr. (arter's senate service, during which he served as chairman of the Louisiana Purchase fair commission. Again in 1905 he was chosen to rep resent Montana in the senate and his last term as brilliant as the first. Since March he had been a member of the anadian boundary comnnmis sion. A MASTER-In debate, Mr. Carter war a master and many of his cam paigns in the senate are memorable for their brilliancy. Perhaps his most notable achievement on the floor of the selnate was hIls victory over Sen tator Hoar which secured the ratifi cation of the Parts treaty. Senator Hoar was earnest in his opposition to the treaty. He had the advantage of long experience and personal influ ence. Qpposed to these qualities were the brilliancy and sagacity of Carter, In whose hands the administration had placed the handling of the treaty. It was one of the memorable battles of the senate; though It has been-as have ,many other momentous matters-for gotten I. the present-day rush of af I ~rs, Carter won by a margin of one vote an blW vetory changed the whole course of American policy. The campaign is remembered by those who followed the course of events during that critical period. POPULAR-With all his associates ta with all with whom he came In contact, Mr. Carter was popular. Especially was this true of the news paper men of the capital; the cor respondents liked him; he was always good for a story. In national and in ternational politics, he won high place by his fertility in expedient and his activity and aggressiveness. His tact and sound judgment made him a man whose opinion was valued and we shall never know the full extent to which his counsel figured in deter mining great questions during the past decade. Cordial and affable, pos seamed of physical endurance most re markable, endowed with a genius for reading character, he was at home wherever he was placed and under whatever conditions ihe was called up. on to act. He was, as we have said, one of the remarkable men of the west. It fs not easy to realise that he has passed beyond. In Montana he will alwnys be remembered for his service to the state. The lands of western Montana which were formerly regarded as worthless are demonstrating their wonderful Politics in Canada XI.-Insurgency. By Frederio J. Haskin. W,, m" ,I,.,,.m mm •. Toronto, Canada-Aslde from the in lurgency of the natlona&lst p'trty in Quebec, the present reciprocity cam paign in Canada has developed the fact that there is a considerable de gree of independence of party alli ances In all parts of the Dominion. As is always the case, the majority ap pears to have suffered the greater loss, although the partisan and lib eral papers declare that they will gain as much from the conservative ranks as they will lose to the tories on account of reciprocity. By all odds, the most prominent lib eral is the Honorable Clifford Slfton, formerly minister of the Interior In the Laurier cabinet, and before that, at torney general of Manitoba. Until two or three years ago, Mr. Blfton was regarded as one of the ablest leaders of the liberal party, and even after he had cooled in his loyalty to Sir Wllfrid the prime minister put him at the head of the official organiza tion for the conservation of natural resources of Canada. When the negotiations of the reci procity agreement was first an hounced, Mr. Slfton publicly declared that he would be unable to support the government on that measure, al though the graingrowers of his home province of Manitoba were heartily in favor of It. The liheral leaders, be fore the campaign opened, indulged the hope that Mr. Slfton would not actively oppose the party and that he Would content himself with lsilent dis approval. Tn this, however, they were disap pointed, for Mr. Blfton took the stump early In the campaign and has been speaking in many constituencies in favor of the conservative candi dates, basing his action altogether on the reciprocity issue. Prominent lib erals declare that Mr. Slfton has been out of sympathy with his party for some years and that his bolting was only a question of time, but this is vehemently denied by the conserva tives, who say that Mr. Bltton placed his country before his party, and was enough of a patriot to resist the in sidious American attack upon Ca. nadlan nationality at the sacrifice of his own party ties. In the city of Toronto, which is solidly conservative, returning five tory members to parliament, almost the first gun In the campaign was fired by the Insurgents. Elighteen prominent business men of the city, all of them liberals, signed a manifesto, declaring their irrevocable opposition to the reciprocity pact, asserting that its ratification would undermine the entire Canadian tariff system and re sult in disaster to the industrial pros perity of the Dominion. Two liberal members of the last' parliament openly oaposed reciprocity, even before dissolution. One of them, E. Lloyd Harris, did not seek renom Ination and he Is actively supporting a conservative candidate to succeed himself. The other, W. M. German of Welland, In the Niagara fruit grow ing belt, also spoke against reciprocity in the last parliament. In this cam paign the conservatives nominated him as their own candidate. When the liberal convention met, there was strong oppositltn to his renomination, but as Mr. German is probably the most popular man in public life in his section, the liberal organization was unwilling to repudiate him, more espe cially since he protested that on all otiber issues he was still a liberal. He gave a pledge to the convention that while he opposed reciprocity, he would abide by the verdict of the country on the issue and that in the event of the Laurier goverment was sustained and the reciprocity agreement thereby approved, he would not actively op pose, it. Accepting this pledge, the convention renominated him and Mr. German became the unopposed candi date of both tories and grits in his riding. The next week an Insurgent convention of pro-reciprocity liberals placed an independent in the field against. him? Against these things, the liberals make much of the fact that in some ridings where the conservatives have heretofore had a majority, sentiment for reciprocity Is so strong that con servative candidates have sought re election by tacitly giving their ap proval to the reciprocity agreement. This is asserted to be true of several constituencies In the west, and of some of the lake ridings of Ontario. For instance, Oliver Wilcox, the con servative candidate in the north riding of lssex, in Ontario, the other day created a sensation when he declared publioly 01 a speech l&J .tho roio. ptoductlveneas thIl. .*r I. a manner which forecasts the~ oubling of our tilled area. Tn pleading for the pardon of George Merriame h1l fellow Thespians say that no actor *as ever hanged in this country. T''hI certainly Illus trates the extreme tolerance of this country's people. There are so many varied brands of socialism presente4 for our consid eration that it is dalficult for us to determine which is Pure and which is adulterated. Aviator Ward, headed for the Pa cific coast, runs into a farm fence, near Oswego. What will /e do when he strikes the Rocky mountains? The eagerness of the British Co iumbl. bank robbers to spend their money bids fair to encompass their defeat. Loyal Canadians are summoned home to vote. Laurier is takcing no chances in the reciprocity election. The growing confidence in the ef I fectiveness of arbitration is one of the good signs of the times. The National league contest proves that the race is not always to the swift. The man who patronises home mer chants Is an effective booster. The class-ad habit saves its devotees time and trouble. Get it. procity pact would be ratified. The statement was made In joint debate with his liberal opponent, when he re plied to the latter's argument for recl procity inI this language: "What dif ference doos It make? I believe that Laurier will carry the country, and you will have your reciprocity, and, therefore, a vote for me will not mat ter." The partisan newspapers make much of the bolters on both sides. The liberal papers endeavor to min Imise the effect of the Insurgency of Mr. Sifton and the 18 Toronto liberals, but never fall to "play pp" an inter view with a tory however obscure, when that tory predicts success for reciprocity. Long letters supporting reclprocity and signed "A Life-Long Tory," "A Supporter of Sir John," "An Old Country Conservative," are given much space, and all of them usually wind up with the declaration that on September 21, for the first time, the writer wil cast his ballot for a liberal candidate for parliament. One liberal paper printed a list of 254 prominent Ontario farmers, all torrlea, who were going to vote for Iaurier. Having the advantage of the greater prominence of the bolters from the liberal party, the tol press makea even more ado alon l his line. The Montreal Star, perhapC the molt bit ter opponent of reciprob ty In the Ca nadian press, published a long list of bolting liberals under the hold head lines of, "The Honor poll," "Country Before Party." At the top of a col umn was a Canadian, flag and then followed in bold type a long list of life-lohg liberals who are " tilll Ib erals but unable to .wallow rel proclty." Commenting upon this list the Star said: "The truth Is that the Taft plot will be defeated in the coun try he hoped to capture, by a landslide of liberal votes against this non-liberal proposal, and it is only fair to recog nlse that clear vision on this point is of more merit in a liberal than in a conservative. It is easy for a conserv ative to vote against reciprocity for his party is against it, but it is not so easy for a Iiperal. He must bring himself to distrust the judgment of his leaders, to reject a program which he has accepted without question.from his youth, and to vote against a party whose general policy he approves and whose name he loves, but the greater the sacrifice, the greater the patriot ainm-the higher the respect for his leaders, the deeper the foundation of his independent judgmeqt. We predict a landslide on the 21st, a landslide that will bury this latest ruse of the acquisitive Americans forever." Ardent tory purtisani predict that the anti-reciproclty insurgency will prove the destruction of the liberal party. The liberals, on the other hand, assert that the conservatives have wrecked their future by opposing reciprocity, declaring that although the prominent tory leaders, inspired by the desire for office have remained true to the Borden leadership, that many of them realize that the opposi tion to reciprocity Is an error and that the rank and file of the conserv ative voters, in the rural districts especially, will manifest this disap proval by saying nothing apd then silently voting against the tory can didates. It is on this silent vote that the liberals base their predictions of a greatly decreased tory majority in the province of Ontario, Liberals who deny that the Sifton insurgency portends party disunion, point out the fact that in the Ameri can congress, the reciprocity pact, al though originating with the republi can president, was opposed by a ma jority of republicans in both the house of representatives and the sen ate. They say that reciprocity was not made a party issue on the Ameri can side of the line, and that in view of the past history of the two Ca nadian parties, it will be impossible to make it strictly a party' question on the Canadian side' of the bound ary. Nevertheless, the liberal papers re joice whenever they find one tory who is for reciprocity, while the conserv ative press keeps up a continual din about the patriotism of those grits who "place country before party," and who refuse to permit Sir Wil frid "to sell out his courtry to the Yankees." What is now known as "Insurgency" In the United States, the same thing that used to be called. "boltilng'' is known in Canadian political parlance as "ratting." The w6rd, it is pre "uti 4 wa ,4Arived Iroim th, iUlct st The Brown Bottle protects ptity from the Breweir to e e 1a See that crown or cork F Schlitz is brewed in the dark--, s branded Schltz." stored for months in glass lined steel enameled tanks--bottled in darkened rooms where even the win dow shades are drawn to exclude the light - then sent to you in brown bottles. Without all of these precautions, no beer can be healthful, and who knowingly would drink beer that was not. Light starts decay even in pure beer. Dark glass gives protection against light. We have adopted every idea, every inven tion that could aid to this end. Today; more than half the cost of our brewing is spent to make and keep Schlitz ' ":.: .~ -beer pure. If you knew what we know ... about beer, you would ask for -.".Schlitz-Schlitz in Brown " . ~ Bottles." SPhone.' i d. i]I7;1 Los Angeles Wine Co. III West Main St. Missoula, Mont. S" The Beer .That Made Milwaukee Famous . a. ... parable of the rats that deserted a sinking ship. one corrslpondent of a t.anadiln liberal ntewspaper, an anonymous genius who hides lls light under the single initial "8" thus sizes up the whole situation: "Here is my view of, the situation: Liberal monopollats 'ratting' from the party against reciprocity; conservative farmers, flshermen and workmen 'ratting' in favor of it. Ballots count ed. Nobody hurterdl eml'wy shrd emf ed. Itesult: Nobody hurt. Taxes taken off food. Larger markets and more trade. The maple leaf forever." Tomorrow-Polities in Canada. XII. -Campaign Methods. FUGITIVE OUTLAWS LOCATED HUGH AND CHARLES WHITNEY ARE ON THE ROAD TO JACK8ONPS HOLE. Pocatello, Idaho, Sept. 17.-Positive information that Hugh Whitney, the outlaw and his brother, Charles, have been located near Smoot, Wyo., was received at the division offices of the short Line this morning. Frank Carney of Smoo,)t telephoned John Jones,tson of ('h!ef Special Agent Joe Jones of the gShort Line at Mont pelter, that the two men who held up the Cokeville bank Monday had visit ed his place at Smoot and that their indentification waqs absolute. Posses working out of Cokeville and Montpelier have been notified to close in and the capture of the bandits seems only a question of time. Smoot is a small village about eight miles south of Afton and 48 miles northeast cif Montpelier. It II on a direct route to the Jackson Hole coun try. Chief Special Agent Jones and Dep uty Sheriff James Francis are some where in the Willow Creek country between Idaho Falls and the Wyoming state line, guarding all trails In that wild region with an armed posse.,They are headed toward Jackson's Hole and may run .oross the bandits before the posse from Montpelier reaches the Iloi1W . ·,kl~ ii~I IMPRISONED MINER SINGS LEADER OF ENTOMBED PARTY SUSTAINS THE SPIRITS OF HIS COMRADES. Leadville, Colo., Pept. 17.-If no further difficulties are experienced by the rescuers at work in the Morning Star shaft, the three miners impris. oned in a drift below will be released by Moinday morning. The rescuers are laboring in shifts cq six hours each, but the work is slow, difflcult and exceedingly dangerous. The shaft is one of the oldest in the dis trict and there is constant danger of the old timbers breaking loose while Kindergarten. "Mother, do not send the baby to kindergarten," said a 15-year-old boy of his little brother. "I oat, not remember when I did not have to go to school he added regretfully and reproachfully. Little children who have playmates, 'a yard big enough fora sandbox, a swing, a wheelbarrow, and a dog, are better off at hom e than in kindergarten. Unfortunately many children have not this chance to grow at home and perhaps flourish better in kindergarten. If, however, they are fagged, made nervous and excited by it, do not assume that just because it is kindergarten it is good for them. We owe much to the kindergarten. In teaching the value of sentiment, in developing the artistic sanseE the creative faculty and power of expres sion, it has given strong impetus to general educational reform. But there should' be reform of the kindergarten also. The essence of Froebel's teaching was that education 'should be devel oped along natural lines; schools were out of doors, children had floWer beds, spontaneous play, healthy bodily activity, and abundance of leisaie. Today great numbers of ohlldrrn liva in cities under conditions of col* tinuous nervous strain and over-stimulation. Kindergartens should be in the country where children can observe and Idarn of nature, play and work and dream With the mother of us all. f Next to this is the supervised playground where they are allowed wide range to run and roll and climb and swim, which will develop the body and legs and arms and not tax the eyes and fingers, which all too soon must be strained with reading and cramppd with writing. If they must be confined in buildings, the .rooms boheuld be fittedt p for free play an ga-. pasium features which will encourage the largest activity, rather t etog formal ropatine training. the work is progressing and startinlg a run of earth and rock. In the meantime the Imprisoned men are making the best of the sat uatlon In the drift 850 feet below. An Iron pipe was driven from the top of the cave-in to within 80 feet of the drift and food and hot coffee lowered to the men. They complain of the cold, but Caskie, who seems to be the leader of the party, has kept up the spirits of the others by singing and joking. MIX1ED W rATHER. Washington, Sept. 17.-More sharp changes in temperature over northern and central districts of the country were forecasted for the coming week in a bulletin Issued tonight by the weather bureau. A' disturbance now central over the plains states will ad vance eastward. It will be preceded by warm weather and followe4 by a change to colder weather. This cold will likely cause 'rosts In the north western states by tomorrow or Tues day.