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The Daily Missoulian. [volume] (Missoula, Mont.) 1904-1961, September 18, 1911, Morning, Image 4

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025316/1911-09-18/ed-1/seq-4/

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[email protected] NUMBER.
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MI i ULA,OPPICE
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Hamll Offle
.124 Maln Street, Hamilton, Mont.
M I isoullan may be found on
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.' St Montana:
ikOs-Chlceo Newspaper Alen
l . . N cornerWb Clark and Madison
lneapolls--World News Co., 313
rh Fourth street.
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ai.nltsoO-Vnilted News Agents.
tad--olseolldated News Co.,
th and Washlngton.
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e- nitson News Co.
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5I$UISCRIBIRS' PAPERS.
i la Misuoullan is anxious to give
L.r6t oarler service; therefore, sub.
ae requested to report faulty
at once. In ordering paper
ed to new address, please give
Sdess also. Money orders and
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1 NbAY, SEPTEMBER, 11, 1,11.
THOMAS H. CARTER
Montana's Sunday was early Inter
rupted by the reeeipt of the brief an
iouncement of the death, yesterday
morning,. of former Senator Thomas
H. Carter. For hours the authenticity
of the news was questioned, so ut
tetly unprepared were the people of
the state for the event. They were
very few, It any, who had known that
Mt. Carter was not in perfect physi
cal condition. Vigorous, alert and ac
ti.e he had been when last his Mon
taln friends saw him; it seemed that
the best part of his life were yet be
fore him. Later, when the news re
celved unquestionable confirmation,
Montana was staggered. The dis
patchles seemed Incredible. So proml
nently had Mr. Carter been before the
,people, so well had they known him,
so Intimate had been his relations
with the interests of the state which
had conferred upon him repeated and
significant honorees-that it was diffi
cult to realise that this distinguished
ltisen had passed from the scene of
lils activities. At once, as soon as the
realisation of "the fact had followed
the doubt, messages of'regret poured
from Montana to the national capital
and words of sytnpathy'for the family,
left stricken. And we may be sure
that these messages from Montana
were supplemented by similar words
from all other parts of the country;
for Thomas H. Carter was a national
figure.'
PROMININT-Thomas Henry Car
tar was one of the most notable men
of all those whom the west has sent
to Washington. Comparatively un
known when he arrived at the na
tional capital as the last territorial
delegate from Montana, his aggres
aiveness and his ability soon com
manded attention and be obtained
recognition even while lie occupied the
ordinarily" Inocuous position of ropre
sentative of a territory. Later, when
Montana had been endowed with
statehood and Mr. Carter had been
returned with full membership in the
house of representatives, he added to
the reputation which he had previous
ly made and became recognized as a
man to be reckoned with. But, while
he was making the name of Carter
known in national politics, he' was
giving Montana fame and was letting
the east know more than it ever had
known before of the greatness of the
new state and Its possibilities. Oth
ers had told these things before Car
ter went to Washington, but nobody
had ever before been atle to impress
upoen the eastern public the facts re
garding this state which Thomas H.
Carter stamped indelibly there. It
was at a period of Montana's develop
itent when this service was particu
Sirly effective and the efforts of the
hew congreusman were thoroughly
alprEelated by the people at home.
Almost from the moment that he set
foot in Washington until the close of
lse 'brlillant career yesterday, Mr.
Wts a figure 6f national im
qO" its services to his state
of ipretimable importance in the
o., Opi4et of her natural resources.
A Y Lt*--r, Carter was an
u s bor t Sooto LO Poun
.i` p:I. 'Re tes eived his
lb a4 th4 e common
,of^ itetosl~ f which state he
e'oo 1.
·boy hd was spent upon a farm; as
a young maJ he woted at ra.troad
int; the. b taught school, all the
while studylig law; in vacations he
-anvas ed the central states in the
sate of books; he was never ,dle. In
Iowa he was admitted to the practice
of law and opened an office in Bur
lington, from which city he moved to
Helena in 1882. In Montana he at
once entered upon the practice of his
profession and, soon afterward, be
came associated as a partner with
Judge Clayberg, now dean emeritus of
the law department of the Universilty
of Montana. At once, the young law
yer entered politics. In this field, his
natural aptitude won him prompt
recognition. lie was steadfastly and
uncompromisingly republican at a time
when political alignment was some
what irregular in this state. In 1888,
six years after his arrival in the state.
Mr. Carter was nominated for the of
fice of delegate in congress. He was
opposed by W. A. Clark and. though
Montana had theretofore sent, with
hut one exception, democrats to sit
for her at Washington. Carter de
teated his rival by a majority which
was then tremendous. He went to
Washington . And then began his ca
reer as a figure In national politics.
IN WASHINGTON--Montana's ad
mission to statehood followed soon;
Mr. Carter was nominated for repre
sentativo in congress and defeated
Martin Maglnnls. Clothed with the
povers which were denied him as
territorial delegate, Mr. Carter I,mme
diately commanded recognltlion; his
unusual gift of argument* his quick
grasp of political situations; his ac
tive interest In the affairs of his own
state in particular and of the west
in general, brought him to the front
as a leader of his party on thi floor
of the national house. His political
acumen obtained him a place in the
national councils of his party. In 1890
he was chosen secretary 'of the repub
lican congressional committee and in
that capacity directed the year's cam
paign. His committee duties kept him
In New York but his party nominated
him to succeed himself, confident that
he could carry the state even though
not participating In the campaign.
Until this time Marcus Daly had not
been unfricadly to -Mr. Carter, but in
this contest, Mr. Duly manifested a
keen personal interest in the defeat
of the republican candidate and Car
ter was defeated by Judge W. W.
Dixon. In the spring of 1891, Prels
dent Harrison appointed Mr. Carter
commissioner of the general land of
fice, which office he filled until July,
1892, when he resigned to become
chalrmen ot thle republican national
committee. He dcjected the Harrison
:amilailgn of that year against odds
which made his generalship all the
more conspicuous. For three years,
he remained in Helena, following the
defeat of Harrison, and In 1895 was
elected to the United States senate.
IN THE 8ENATE-'-In the upper
branch of congress Mr. Carter became
even more prominent in the national
eye. Cartoonists were fond of him
because of his facial resemblance to
tTncle Sam; his party leaders were at
tached to him for his tact and man
agerial ability; the west approved
him for the work he did for its In
terests. He became the best-known
man of the west. He was chairman
of the census committee and held
memberships upon other committees
which dealt with western interests.
Always he was alert and his sagacity
enabled him to servo his constituents
with special effectiveness. The close
of his first senate term was made
spectacular by his remarkable speech
against the river and harbor bill and,
also, against time. He literally talked
the bill to death and defeated the
enormous appropriation of funds for
river work which had been proposed
at the expense of Irrigation plans,
then In their infancy. He talked
against the bill until the session of
congress expired by limitation and his
fight was won. Ills speech was one
of the most remarkable in the history
of the senate. The close of this ses
sion brought an interim of four years
in Mr. (arter's senate service, during
which he served as chairman of the
Louisiana Purchase fair commission.
Again in 1905 he was chosen to rep
resent Montana in the senate and his
last term as brilliant as the first.
Since March he had been a member
of the anadian boundary comnnmis
sion.
A MASTER-In debate, Mr. Carter
war a master and many of his cam
paigns in the senate are memorable
for their brilliancy. Perhaps his most
notable achievement on the floor of
the selnate was hIls victory over Sen
tator Hoar which secured the ratifi
cation of the Parts treaty. Senator
Hoar was earnest in his opposition to
the treaty. He had the advantage of
long experience and personal influ
ence. Qpposed to these qualities were
the brilliancy and sagacity of Carter,
In whose hands the administration
had placed the handling of the treaty.
It was one of the memorable battles of
the senate; though It has been-as have
,many other momentous matters-for
gotten I. the present-day rush of af
I ~rs, Carter won by a margin of one
vote an blW vetory changed the
whole course of American policy.
The campaign is remembered by those
who followed the course of events
during that critical period.
POPULAR-With all his associates
ta with all with whom he came In
contact, Mr. Carter was popular.
Especially was this true of the news
paper men of the capital; the cor
respondents liked him; he was always
good for a story. In national and in
ternational politics, he won high
place by his fertility in expedient and
his activity and aggressiveness. His
tact and sound judgment made him a
man whose opinion was valued and we
shall never know the full extent to
which his counsel figured in deter
mining great questions during the
past decade. Cordial and affable, pos
seamed of physical endurance most re
markable, endowed with a genius for
reading character, he was at home
wherever he was placed and under
whatever conditions ihe was called up.
on to act. He was, as we have said,
one of the remarkable men of the
west. It fs not easy to realise that
he has passed beyond. In Montana he
will alwnys be remembered for his
service to the state.
The lands of western Montana which
were formerly regarded as worthless
are demonstrating their wonderful
Politics in Canada
XI.-Insurgency.
By Frederio J. Haskin.
W,, m" ,I,.,,.m mm •.
Toronto, Canada-Aslde from the in
lurgency of the natlona&lst p'trty in
Quebec, the present reciprocity cam
paign in Canada has developed the
fact that there is a considerable de
gree of independence of party alli
ances In all parts of the Dominion. As
is always the case, the majority ap
pears to have suffered the greater
loss, although the partisan and lib
eral papers declare that they will
gain as much from the conservative
ranks as they will lose to the tories
on account of reciprocity.
By all odds, the most prominent lib
eral is the Honorable Clifford Slfton,
formerly minister of the Interior In the
Laurier cabinet, and before that, at
torney general of Manitoba. Until
two or three years ago, Mr. Blfton
was regarded as one of the ablest
leaders of the liberal party, and even
after he had cooled in his loyalty to
Sir Wllfrid the prime minister put him
at the head of the official organiza
tion for the conservation of natural
resources of Canada.
When the negotiations of the reci
procity agreement was first an
hounced, Mr. Slfton publicly declared
that he would be unable to support
the government on that measure, al
though the graingrowers of his home
province of Manitoba were heartily in
favor of It. The liheral leaders, be
fore the campaign opened, indulged
the hope that Mr. Slfton would not
actively oppose the party and that he
Would content himself with lsilent dis
approval.
Tn this, however, they were disap
pointed, for Mr. Blfton took the
stump early In the campaign and has
been speaking in many constituencies
in favor of the conservative candi
dates, basing his action altogether on
the reciprocity issue. Prominent lib
erals declare that Mr. Slfton has been
out of sympathy with his party for
some years and that his bolting was
only a question of time, but this is
vehemently denied by the conserva
tives, who say that Mr. Bltton placed
his country before his party, and was
enough of a patriot to resist the in
sidious American attack upon Ca.
nadlan nationality at the sacrifice of
his own party ties.
In the city of Toronto, which is
solidly conservative, returning five
tory members to parliament, almost
the first gun In the campaign was
fired by the Insurgents. Elighteen
prominent business men of the city, all
of them liberals, signed a manifesto,
declaring their irrevocable opposition
to the reciprocity pact, asserting that
its ratification would undermine the
entire Canadian tariff system and re
sult in disaster to the industrial pros
perity of the Dominion.
Two liberal members of the last'
parliament openly oaposed reciprocity,
even before dissolution. One of them,
E. Lloyd Harris, did not seek renom
Ination and he Is actively supporting
a conservative candidate to succeed
himself. The other, W. M. German of
Welland, In the Niagara fruit grow
ing belt, also spoke against reciprocity
in the last parliament. In this cam
paign the conservatives nominated
him as their own candidate. When
the liberal convention met, there was
strong oppositltn to his renomination,
but as Mr. German is probably the
most popular man in public life in his
section, the liberal organization was
unwilling to repudiate him, more espe
cially since he protested that on all
otiber issues he was still a liberal. He
gave a pledge to the convention that
while he opposed reciprocity, he would
abide by the verdict of the country
on the issue and that in the event of
the Laurier goverment was sustained
and the reciprocity agreement thereby
approved, he would not actively op
pose, it. Accepting this pledge, the
convention renominated him and Mr.
German became the unopposed candi
date of both tories and grits in his
riding. The next week an Insurgent
convention of pro-reciprocity liberals
placed an independent in the field
against. him?
Against these things, the liberals
make much of the fact that in some
ridings where the conservatives have
heretofore had a majority, sentiment
for reciprocity Is so strong that con
servative candidates have sought re
election by tacitly giving their ap
proval to the reciprocity agreement.
This is asserted to be true of several
constituencies In the west, and of
some of the lake ridings of Ontario.
For instance, Oliver Wilcox, the con
servative candidate in the north riding
of lssex, in Ontario, the other day
created a sensation when he declared
publioly 01 a speech l&J .tho roio.
ptoductlveneas thIl. .*r I. a manner
which forecasts the~ oubling of our
tilled area.
Tn pleading for the pardon of
George Merriame h1l fellow Thespians
say that no actor *as ever hanged
in this country. T''hI certainly Illus
trates the extreme tolerance of this
country's people.
There are so many varied brands
of socialism presente4 for our consid
eration that it is dalficult for us to
determine which is Pure and which is
adulterated.
Aviator Ward, headed for the Pa
cific coast, runs into a farm fence,
near Oswego. What will /e do when
he strikes the Rocky mountains?
The eagerness of the British Co
iumbl. bank robbers to spend their
money bids fair to encompass their
defeat.
Loyal Canadians are summoned
home to vote. Laurier is takcing no
chances in the reciprocity election.
The growing confidence in the ef
I fectiveness of arbitration is one of the
good signs of the times.
The National league contest proves
that the race is not always to the
swift.
The man who patronises home mer
chants Is an effective booster.
The class-ad habit saves its devotees
time and trouble. Get it.
procity pact would be ratified. The
statement was made In joint debate
with his liberal opponent, when he re
plied to the latter's argument for recl
procity inI this language: "What dif
ference doos It make? I believe that
Laurier will carry the country, and
you will have your reciprocity, and,
therefore, a vote for me will not mat
ter."
The partisan newspapers make
much of the bolters on both sides.
The liberal papers endeavor to min
Imise the effect of the Insurgency of
Mr. Sifton and the 18 Toronto liberals,
but never fall to "play pp" an inter
view with a tory however obscure,
when that tory predicts success for
reciprocity. Long letters supporting
reclprocity and signed "A Life-Long
Tory," "A Supporter of Sir John,"
"An Old Country Conservative," are
given much space, and all of them
usually wind up with the declaration
that on September 21, for the first
time, the writer wil cast his ballot
for a liberal candidate for parliament.
One liberal paper printed a list of 254
prominent Ontario farmers, all torrlea,
who were going to vote for Iaurier.
Having the advantage of the greater
prominence of the bolters from the
liberal party, the tol press makea
even more ado alon l his line. The
Montreal Star, perhapC the molt bit
ter opponent of reciprob ty In the Ca
nadian press, published a long list of
bolting liberals under the hold head
lines of, "The Honor poll," "Country
Before Party." At the top of a col
umn was a Canadian, flag and then
followed in bold type a long list of
life-lohg liberals who are " tilll Ib
erals but unable to .wallow rel
proclty." Commenting upon this list
the Star said: "The truth Is that the
Taft plot will be defeated in the coun
try he hoped to capture, by a landslide
of liberal votes against this non-liberal
proposal, and it is only fair to recog
nlse that clear vision on this point is
of more merit in a liberal than in a
conservative. It is easy for a conserv
ative to vote against reciprocity for
his party is against it, but it is not
so easy for a Iiperal. He must bring
himself to distrust the judgment of
his leaders, to reject a program which
he has accepted without question.from
his youth, and to vote against a party
whose general policy he approves and
whose name he loves, but the greater
the sacrifice, the greater the patriot
ainm-the higher the respect for his
leaders, the deeper the foundation of
his independent judgmeqt. We predict
a landslide on the 21st, a landslide
that will bury this latest ruse of the
acquisitive Americans forever."
Ardent tory purtisani predict that
the anti-reciproclty insurgency will
prove the destruction of the liberal
party. The liberals, on the other
hand, assert that the conservatives
have wrecked their future by opposing
reciprocity, declaring that although
the prominent tory leaders, inspired
by the desire for office have remained
true to the Borden leadership, that
many of them realize that the opposi
tion to reciprocity Is an error and
that the rank and file of the conserv
ative voters, in the rural districts
especially, will manifest this disap
proval by saying nothing apd then
silently voting against the tory can
didates. It is on this silent vote that
the liberals base their predictions of
a greatly decreased tory majority in
the province of Ontario,
Liberals who deny that the Sifton
insurgency portends party disunion,
point out the fact that in the Ameri
can congress, the reciprocity pact, al
though originating with the republi
can president, was opposed by a ma
jority of republicans in both the
house of representatives and the sen
ate. They say that reciprocity was
not made a party issue on the Ameri
can side of the line, and that in view
of the past history of the two Ca
nadian parties, it will be impossible
to make it strictly a party' question
on the Canadian side' of the bound
ary.
Nevertheless, the liberal papers re
joice whenever they find one tory who
is for reciprocity, while the conserv
ative press keeps up a continual din
about the patriotism of those grits
who "place country before party,"
and who refuse to permit Sir Wil
frid "to sell out his courtry to the
Yankees."
What is now known as "Insurgency"
In the United States, the same thing
that used to be called. "boltilng'' is
known in Canadian political parlance
as "ratting." The w6rd, it is pre
"uti 4 wa ,4Arived Iroim th, iUlct st
The Brown Bottle
protects ptity
from the Breweir to
e e 1a
See that crown or cork F Schlitz is brewed in the dark--,
s branded Schltz." stored for months in glass lined
steel enameled tanks--bottled in
darkened rooms where even the win
dow shades are drawn to exclude the
light - then sent to you in brown
bottles.
Without all of these precautions, no
beer can be healthful, and who knowingly
would drink beer that was not.
Light starts decay even in pure beer.
Dark glass gives protection against light.
We have adopted every idea, every inven
tion that could aid to this end. Today;
more than half the cost of our brewing is
spent to make and keep Schlitz
' ":.: .~ -beer pure.
If you knew what we know
... about beer, you would ask for
-.".Schlitz-Schlitz in Brown
" . ~ Bottles."
SPhone.' i d. i]I7;1
Los Angeles Wine Co.
III West Main St.
Missoula, Mont.
S" The Beer
.That Made Milwaukee Famous
. a. ...
parable of the rats that deserted a
sinking ship. one corrslpondent of
a t.anadiln liberal ntewspaper, an
anonymous genius who hides lls light
under the single initial "8" thus sizes
up the whole situation:
"Here is my view of, the situation:
Liberal monopollats 'ratting' from the
party against reciprocity; conservative
farmers, flshermen and workmen
'ratting' in favor of it. Ballots count
ed. Nobody hurterdl eml'wy shrd emf
ed. Itesult: Nobody hurt. Taxes
taken off food. Larger markets and
more trade. The maple leaf forever."
Tomorrow-Polities in Canada. XII.
-Campaign Methods.
FUGITIVE OUTLAWS
LOCATED
HUGH AND CHARLES WHITNEY
ARE ON THE ROAD TO
JACK8ONPS HOLE.
Pocatello, Idaho, Sept. 17.-Positive
information that Hugh Whitney, the
outlaw and his brother, Charles, have
been located near Smoot, Wyo., was
received at the division offices of the
short Line this morning. Frank
Carney of Smoo,)t telephoned John
Jones,tson of ('h!ef Special Agent Joe
Jones of the gShort Line at Mont
pelter, that the two men who held up
the Cokeville bank Monday had visit
ed his place at Smoot and that their
indentification waqs absolute.
Posses working out of Cokeville and
Montpelier have been notified to close
in and the capture of the bandits
seems only a question of time.
Smoot is a small village about eight
miles south of Afton and 48 miles
northeast cif Montpelier. It II on a
direct route to the Jackson Hole coun
try.
Chief Special Agent Jones and Dep
uty Sheriff James Francis are some
where in the Willow Creek country
between Idaho Falls and the Wyoming
state line, guarding all trails In that
wild region with an armed posse.,They
are headed toward Jackson's Hole and
may run .oross the bandits before the
posse from Montpelier reaches the
Iloi1W . ·,kl~ ii~I
IMPRISONED MINER
SINGS
LEADER OF ENTOMBED PARTY
SUSTAINS THE SPIRITS OF
HIS COMRADES.
Leadville, Colo., Pept. 17.-If no
further difficulties are experienced by
the rescuers at work in the Morning
Star shaft, the three miners impris.
oned in a drift below will be released
by Moinday morning. The rescuers
are laboring in shifts cq six hours
each, but the work is slow, difflcult
and exceedingly dangerous. The
shaft is one of the oldest in the dis
trict and there is constant danger of
the old timbers breaking loose while
Kindergarten.
"Mother, do not send the baby to kindergarten,"
said a 15-year-old boy of his little brother. "I oat,
not remember when I did not have to go to school
he added regretfully and reproachfully.
Little children who have playmates, 'a yard big
enough fora sandbox, a swing, a wheelbarrow, and a
dog, are better off at hom e than in kindergarten.
Unfortunately many children have not this chance
to grow at home and perhaps flourish better in kindergarten. If, however,
they are fagged, made nervous and excited by it, do not assume that just
because it is kindergarten it is good for them.
We owe much to the kindergarten. In teaching the value of sentiment,
in developing the artistic sanseE the creative faculty and power of expres
sion, it has given strong impetus to general educational reform. But there
should' be reform of the kindergarten also.
The essence of Froebel's teaching was that education 'should be devel
oped along natural lines; schools were out of doors, children had floWer
beds, spontaneous play, healthy bodily activity, and abundance of leisaie.
Today great numbers of ohlldrrn liva in cities under conditions of col*
tinuous nervous strain and over-stimulation. Kindergartens should be in
the country where children can observe and Idarn of nature, play and work
and dream With the mother of us all. f
Next to this is the supervised playground where they are allowed wide
range to run and roll and climb and swim, which will develop the body
and legs and arms and not tax the eyes and fingers, which all too soon
must be strained with reading and cramppd with writing. If they must be
confined in buildings, the .rooms boheuld be fittedt p for free play an ga-.
pasium features which will encourage the largest activity, rather t etog
formal ropatine training.
the work is progressing and startinlg
a run of earth and rock.
In the meantime the Imprisoned
men are making the best of the sat
uatlon In the drift 850 feet below. An
Iron pipe was driven from the top
of the cave-in to within 80 feet of the
drift and food and hot coffee lowered
to the men. They complain of the
cold, but Caskie, who seems to be the
leader of the party, has kept up the
spirits of the others by singing and
joking.
MIX1ED W rATHER.
Washington, Sept. 17.-More sharp
changes in temperature over northern
and central districts of the country
were forecasted for the coming week
in a bulletin Issued tonight by the
weather bureau. A' disturbance now
central over the plains states will ad
vance eastward. It will be preceded
by warm weather and followe4 by a
change to colder weather. This cold
will likely cause 'rosts In the north
western states by tomorrow or Tues
day.

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