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rA.Ah' W40P A'w- ,, I~ ?M .9 -Z:- w ''Vo I·i· ri?1J ,AYP' ý .''~ýf~ ~ii~-~ std hro'ýt~8 rssrr ~ I~J~rbrd AuC.rasddeoba sma l. ·-it I -· ··· 'P,. ·' 5 '' ·-· ·~ fi ail p.lli.as U$ iace 1i5lgerv aads rov 9e: tIbAt of dlving p-bal.ti Corn i frst,i and will it'intght, for . iot .1bi u1 .. ia weit~' wtrk in an element foreilti to his owl, but he faces a soorie olTpor: of dangiers, any one of which might be .ttal. "Not only are t-h-r .ee gege of saccidents wlde thettr, but the bdver's life is always in tw lbAds p.bbl.helpers wthp must, whilie -if, 'below, not ftal fo~ a mo m en4 .keep the life-giving air pump gsolta., obey muat be able to com. Iseh W,84 Wls and act accord. in ly1d promptly. ofr stories of the work of d hbave. been' written. Some fi thelmu*ie true, some are fiction,' but wMater. real o Imag!ned they do not in the least detract from the romance that seats to shine' like a halo around th..e A to. perform their work deep under the water. Usually dliers are associated with aunkes treasure, wrecks, the gathering 6f shells, pearl oysters and eponges and but few give a thought to the fact that the diver is engaged in numer ous other, and less romantic occupa. tions in which risks far greater the' the mere going into a wreck are taken. In, bridge building, for instance, dlv re .are frequently employed to lay the foundgatlons for the great pillars of stone and concrete that will support one of the spans of the structure. A notable piece of work of this char a-eter was done on a bridge that was b"uilt a couple of years ago at Cape Coo1ny. There it was necessary that a foundation be laid in 180 feet oi water. .. .., One hundred and eighty feet of water Is a depth that is very seldom The Geographic Society By Fredbrio I. Haskin. The National Geographic society is arranging to hold Its annual banquet in Wat&i.i.gton on Friday. January 26. Alediblkar Orsha m -Hell, inventor of thes-4siphone,. and a' former president of Ithe.ioclety will be toastmaster, The banqgidt'liill be attended by members of thb5 ocfety from every part of 'the Unittd~.'.tate, ' Thlis orga*isation Is the l ar ist acentific .Jociation in America'" If not indeed -int the world. It hl 'a' membership of over a hun dre. thfiusand,, add this membership resnreetia the highest type of Amer lead Itoellectuality and citisetship. Pr.dtlbally every city in the land has frdi.a dotest to n1ny hultdred mem libri, although Washington has a greater representation in the soblety than any, other city. This is. because of the fact 'that Qearly every promi. eat official -of the government in W.ashlngton belongs to the National soeiraphlo society. The membership dues of the Na tional Geographlo society are $2 a year, with no entrance. fee. All mnembers receive the magazine and maps pub Ilihed bY the organization without extra charge. The magazine is the most, wonderfully !lluqtrated ip the world. With the perfection of the mnodden camera, trayelers from every corner of the globe contribute rare Illustrations for Its pages. In a single issue published not long ago 89 plc tures in four colors were used, ilius tratijt an article on China gnd Ko. rea, Igreter numnber of .colored plc tresu.than were 'ever teed before by any sp.nsl ine. In anosther, 84 such ploturl, were used. During recent months it has' carried articles on the Panama .caneJ with 40 Illustrations; Mexldo with 54 illustrations, and Jn. dia with 80 plctures of the people .bd the nmarelous temples of India. Many school authorties have- found the, Nation Qaglegrpb..hipaisne a* Sr.;id in thf, ~ endev·ts to le.d4 hum i at*est AA, t (4tl4y,.offq. raphy,, Event the lrrdel)g - oot Ji verestyt "f ie if l at who fl:t' itthd,.i orld'i bet- 'fltit-. , for a -:. t t .leht .. .. raptarj~.dri;* e ·the t9"aataaw. with wfei ip in. th . o~.>ýt will bie-"seso that theb woriC'qbi theins o gskiihdlV~kpl t94i it? al&Q3W # ae wgil jt p the iobldent. S of t society -ja v £ a 'tiva record o he ;iths rin, 'ded diseter a d $ nw te r of swltle, Ji h abba Oliver Goree, aa " `fer 3f:~ N `5 ' attainid and thee. are r but evy ti. standes on record, yet the to ndttion was laid. This Job.will no doubt hold the record for commerlial diing. for many a day, although there are men who have gone as deep, and deeper, in quest .of treasure. It Is said that the record is held by" fooper, an Englishman, who de scended 301 feet to the wrek. of' the Cape Horn,. lost off South America. In '196 A. Broetarbe went down 130 feet to the wreck of the Ikyro, off Cape Planistere, and sent Op bar sll ver valued at $450,000, after first hav ing. blown the ship partly, to pieces with dynamite, Another deep-water record was ee tablished bY Alexander Lmbert, who recovered 8350,000 In gold from the wreck of the SpaniSh mall steamer Alfonso XII, whilo'awea'In 180.feet of water. It is said thatthe last time he went down he remanled four hours, this In Iself being a pbenon'senal rec ord,.as two hous is regardkd as about the limit of any divers endurance. Diving Is a peculiar work and there are not many who can do it. It not only requires soundnase of body, but one must be something of a nmeohanic as well, especially if he is going to engage in under water building. Be sides that he, must be a man who is willing to take chanoes, mnust be able to the bottom of the harbor. Donovan tear how scared, and then, maybe, he will die in bed. A diver named Donovan recently came very near dying in Baltimore harbor, but he 41did not kow of it at the time. Hd was working In 25 feet of water .dlrpting piles thqt were ware being driven-by a 4,000-ponud hammer. in some manner the hammer was re -led. One of these Ie the publication of maps, books and the maraszineo, which contals. about 1,400 pages a year.. All receipts from Its publications are invested In the magasine, or are expejided directly to promote geo graphic, knowledge and the study of geograp.hy. The seond phase of its work In car rying out the purpose of Its incorpora tion is the holding of. an annual Heries of . lectures in ,Washington. These addresses are given ,by the foremost workers in the realm of sclence. Dur ing past years the speakers have In cluded President Taft, former Presr dent Roosevelt, Sir William Ramsay, Ernest H. Shackleton, the south polar explorer, and Robert E. PearL, the din coverer of the north pole In the course of lectures Dr. Inesu Nltobe of the University of Tokyo willi tell the story of what the. world is I fed; Hon. C. P. 'Austin'wlll tell the story of the oceans and their inhab itants; Dr. Mitchell Carrol, secretaryl of the Archeological Institute of Amer Ica will make an. important contribu- I tion to archeoypgical information thiough his addreus on "Paul at Ath- I ens"; Dr. L. C. Howard will bring up to date the world's Information on an animal which he calls "man's deadli egt foe"-the fly. It to fitting that the course of lec tures for the year will be concluded with the fly lecture, for it was the original illustration publighed In the National Geographlo .A silne that led to the present nation-wide crusade against this filthy Ittle germ-oarrier. The now famoius moiro-photogra h of a fly's "head, showing its two compound eye8 covered with thousands of lenses, Its three simple eyes, looking like small iladk buttons on the top of the head, and'Its.' peacock feathered" feelers, has been o*) of the mnost widely used pho togrp s ever publitbed here ana abroad and was produced for the Na ltnp, epegrapble soolety after..three years of e .pnl eat, culminating in ie .nventi&n,,a a special camera, for such - wvrk. I" n the ,endora embnt of geographic Iglance saL ration, the s. ociety rants .i,ý sncial aid. as its re squrc f'ir*11 ei'i i It is now support lgh a thoroulh !investigation Into gla 'iai. eoudtion r.1a Alasks. It is ex pected that the results of tblhs nvestl itlton will constitute one of the most viuablb oontibl'tiotlns that has ever '"e1made onletsw'ugthia gisolal age ¢f the woriL. In8 1909 the soolety sent , expedlitin to .MLunt Petele and IL ufftlere to studly tbh terrible erup os of, these votganoes, ' t has as listed varhlius Ar.oti erpeptlone, not ably the ltst one of *oi ader Peary. It 0esutb seat ".g trstaed eo s to Italy o , icvetetgata tie ' g·ins . earth a pub. The sboS6tl ;I.M n one of the best gvoleotil6s ot eeastphicai palicailons in the wiol* t ot i) e. pto w iso$Ms Ipon proutlisit*D e;plro aes In tr e ' orma p f t nh s 64-elw. als wollv. II leaSed and the great weight plunged to the botton of the harbor. Donovan was directly in the path of the huge weight. so close thu4att struc hisl air hose within two feet of his helmet. Fortunately, the force of the blow hulled the diver away from the weight, instead of under it.' In the meantime the men above were almost frantle with flar. They knew that the diver was directly under the ham mer and they naturally supposed he had been struck. There was ter rifle commotion and the life-line man began to jerk and pull as hard as he could to ascertain whether Donovan was caught or free. The suspense for a minute or two was fearful. In the meantime Donovan didn't know just what it was that had thrown him. The water was so muddy and dirty that he did not see the weight; in fact, he was astonished by being jerked by the life line and as soon as he overhauled his air pipe to prevent fouling it he tugged the sig nal to be hoisted. Up he went and it was gltlh marty ilgh.'ot. rellef, thtft his big, round helmet was sighted at the surface. He climbed partly out of Peary, Hubbard medal In 1906 for Arc tic discoveries; Ronald Amundsen, Hubbard medal in 1908 for being the first to make the northwest passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean; Grove Karl Gilbert, Hubbard medal in 1906, one of the foremost geologints in the history of science; .Sir Erdest Shackleton, Hubbard medal in 1909; Robert E. Peary, special gold' nedal in 1909 for the discovery of the' north le. The National Geographic society has enjoyed a' remarkable growth' during the past 12 years under the directorship of Gilbert H. Groevenor. When he took 'charge of the journal of the or ganization, the magainhe was little more than a brief scientific record of geographic discovery, shch as' would inevitably prove a bore to anyone but the most enthusiastic, geographer. The work of the soclety was s., lIgltt that he did not have even 'one assistant. Today there are more than 50 people employed in the offices of the organi sation. It has been said that Great Britain's success in acquiring the choicest portions of the globe is par tially explained by the fact that her statesmen have usually kept an ex cellent map and secret reports of re liable explorers on file, and that when ever a partition of territory or an ad justment of boundaries was in prog ress, the English government iknew just where the real prizes wore to he found. It is also held by those who have made a study of Germany's re marki.ble expansion of foreign com merce, that it has arisen largely from the intimate study German people have made of other peoples, even to the ends of the earth. With the results or 'these studies at hand and applied, • Industrial Arch for King -t L +., " . . .. ,ýV+ + . ,.. . .ý a du * pp tgaot fp lije boz or, /Pr ! . of the watler. and res.d on the gunwale of his punt while his helper unscrewed the helmet. "What the deuce is the matter?" he asked as 0oon as his head was free'. HIs helper, pale and tremhtlng all over, could- sarcely tell him, hut he finalty managed to descrthe what he and the Other Workmen had thought. "Humphi" replied Donovn:: "Te,l those fellows to be just a 11' I, '.ore careful. NoW' put ,n that iriiet and "ll go get that haiinir." In a feW mfnibtes he had a thli rfat to the hammer and it was hilted up. Donovan bdoesn't tIlll,' luclh > i'k in reporte of dlving <de-lper than 150 feet; that , -ftor pcratlial 'llrpose's. He declar, iMt a man cat.. at staild such a depti St" more than an hour, or possibly at hour and a half, and that after he comes up he must rest for at least 1 - hours before going down again. "Where it oatehes one is in the ab domen," he sldW. "The upper Ixtrt of the body Is protected by the ribs. the arms and lmbe-are comparatively sul id, but the abeomen has no bones at all and thered is where it hurts. I Germany has fmund itself osns ~seed of! a considerable L"Vantage in fiehld or commerce. The members of the Geogra~phl, so ci y find that geography has a lighter sile. The returi6e. tr.veler alwat\ys finds ah audfied a.ppteciative of hi: tales of stran'i sights in foreign lands. The world has become sit Snati that we are now.","a family of iatollns.," who gosslp aboutt ,one,.anntlhor, ani who circulate millions of photolrapl.s about each other.. * One of the remarkable "facts shown by the statistics of the National (leo graphic snciety is. that business men are deeply interested in geographical Information. Among its member':rlip are to be flound 7,000 bankers, 8)I,0o0 manufactureirs. '14,000 engineers, .20,000( lawyers and dl.tors and 1,500 officers of the army and navy. The menmbrshlp of the socln'ty is cionstantly growi4g ,and per'haps no other scienttfic organisation in thei world shows sitch .,1; relatively small number of Ialpes Of membership as the National Geographic society. During the past year less than two and one half per cent of the members dropped cui, while many thousands were au'lcd. (Tomorrow - I or,.-aws for Women.) ADVERTISED LETTER LIST Letters reatalnipg unclaimld at the Missoula osl,toffie for week ('ending January 5, 1911.- One, cent due for advertising. Edwin llense; Mr. Barr, Mrs. Boll: 1141a, was rn'p aft o4on. Mrwuted entirely ,,p , q e #f GQ Kin Georgoe AhI4i4 ,f;W irnmke4 upon ttle f4't, fio4 .t 4M¢rw at 1rrge were Vi *% heard of a man who got $10,000 for go. ang down 104 feet, but he only lived slven days after, The strain ruptutid his Intestines. In deep water, 7S feet to 100 feet, that is our greatest dan ger. The only way to overcome- t Is by wearlhng heavy weights and taking plenty of air. The air offsets the pres sure of the water and the wellhts hold us down. If, by chance, the air pres sure should lessen, even a few pounds, our situaUon Is critical." "In the water it's pretty much like it is on land," he continued. "If a man is hunting trouble he's pretty apt to find It. I have.been diving for 18 years and I've been all along the coast, from Halifax to lPlorida, and I have never been attacked by anything except a copger eel. He was a big fel low, too; six or seven feet long, and as big around as my thigh. "It has been my expeience that if a man keeps busy nothing will disturb him. The fish are afraid of him: sharks are, anyhow, and he has no trouble. With this eel, however, It was different. He came at nme without ma doing a thing to him. I was so scared that I could not even rind my spear, which I generally carry, and he stuck his ugly head right ip to the glass in y hlel'inet. I'gh! I could almost hear his teeth napn, I was thaIt scared. I stuck my hands tunder my belt to pro tect them and stood still. I don't know how long, about two minutes. I guess, and then I gave the slgnal to go up. "'What'd you conme up Yfor?" asked ileV helper when lie halid taken off the helmet. "'Cam.n iup folr something to eat,' I replied. 'I reckon you dlid.' he replied. 'Why, iRan, youir' as pale as a ghost.' "I didn't lIt on just what happened ar,rI after getting a bite. and taking a smoke, I went down again. This time I went after lmy spear anti found It. Then I let everything else go while I looked for Mr. MIel. I soon found him, for he evidently was waiting for me. He eas lying on a little ledge of rock, Mrs. Maggieo ilorchard: Mrs. lBryan; Fred Ilurcher, Oeo. 3urket. Mss. Arthur Cave. (George Dregcos; .Mrs. Donne'y; t'. It. Daily-Hoffman. Fritz Ennullat. Unil F,,wh r; II. L. el, st; I'laud ,richler. . , P. W. Hlendrickson; (allve FIolm::; Arthur Hansen; Mils. V. llati'her; Joe Heagney,. Adolph Johnson (2); J. P. Jqimpnon. Miss (leorgia. King: R.. q., Koehslr; Miss IlHlen King; J. i'. Kennedy; J. Stark Kennedy. ' . ;. It. W., larter; N. K. rLupton; ;Miss Gertrude Lucas; E. G. ticatr.r i ; Mrs. R. W. Marsh; Miss Jullia Mon ahan; H. 13. Maremes; Theos. O.'Mann; tild II Mann, Mrs. Jack Murray. I. i'. McCabe; Erl McDotiel. Magnus Nllsson; WIIhelmn N'ire. NMiss Agnos Olsen; F. i. (linn; Miss Agnes Olson; Joseph L. O()lwn. M. I. Prenlnger; Percivul S. Pease; M. Poulton, C. E. Rankin; Mrs. It. Relnocke; Mrs. D. V. Runnion. Mrs. J. A. Bi4nford: loas ltolpe; Miss Laura Storr; Dr. RIussel Z. 1tam: Mrs. Snider; Miss Florence V. HNchuh; Mrs. Clarence Smitllh. Miss Tillie Thomas (2); Mrs. Il. I. Tebo. Miss Owendolyne Valentine; Maud Vencen. Mrs. Lewis Manker Waugh; B. II. Williams: Walter Wing. Dr. Carl Young. Paokages, H. C. Hines. C'has. A. Miller. Mrs. Edith Smith. 1D.. Ht ROS1, P. M. urir.sled' to tind that cotton was the objet. .tapla ,ot, this country. India producies nearly 1,000,000 bales nof' 'otton ,nnuully. but before he knew just what was ,what I had that spear into him. Twist? Well, you have no idd t how that tel low squirmed. It was all I could do to hold him down and we had as live ly a 10-minute tussle as you'd ever Want to see. "But I finished him all, right and sent him up just to shoe the boys W.h1at he looked like. That night som., of the boys Mad him for supper, but I never did like eels, so I lot them have it all. "As for sharks, well, I suppose they would attack a man if hp was to worry them but the worst sea creatures are seals. I remember once I iwas work Ing down near Hallfax; working on a wreck, and there was a sel' ci of about 100 senals around. I cautioned everyone about throwing anythlng at them, and I went down. It wasn't very deep, not more than 50 or 60 feet, and every now and then a seal woulVl come along, kind of nose ma over and then go on. I never let on i I slne them so I didn't have any trouble. "Now you wouldn't think catfishi would trouble you much, would tyou? Well, they will, and wnat Is more they bite hard. I don't mean those little fellows such as are found in strenms, but the two-footers that are .foutId In the (treat lAkes and along tile roast. A pihkerel, too, Is a nasty fish to arouse. He goes for your head first and when he strikes It's like being hit wlih it club. A mate of mine ans hit on the thigh by a pickerel one l and It wtas two days before hei could use hla liilm. Where the fish struck was na black ttnd blue space as large around an a stove plate. "There's another queer thing about fish. If you are wearing gloves that are split and your knuckles or flesh shows through lthe flsh will worry you by biting at the expoaed parts. You can hardly drive thenIt away. but the moment you take off your glovt'es andl expose your whole hand they 'won't trouble you at all." While there has been but lIttle Im On the Spur of the Moment By Roy K. Moulton. Hitehin 'Em Up. The marriage microbe in a bird that's hard to, understand. The short man always asks the tall Skysc'rlur for her hand., The man' who's six feet In his socks will wed for good and all Hme, maiden who is p.#aing fair but only four feet tall. The brilliant girl who takes the prize and outshines all tlhe school, I4 more than apt to cast, her fate In marriage with some fool. The learned nien who kno'ws his books and' has:a sober mind Most likely weds the dlzslest young damsel he (an find. The prettlest of all the girls will wed sonome cromsyed gink Who doesn't look as if he knew enough to even think. The homely girl most likely hooks the handsome millionaire, The frivolous maild weds a man who's loaded down with care. 'iT'he pious girl is apt to draw some old night prowling skate Who doesn't think that 3 o'clock is anywhere near late. 't'he pastor of the, church may draw a social butterfly Who thinks more of Qwir new fall hat than llnstions uplon high. Thie more you try to solve the thiing, the less you really, know. i'hilosephers all gave it up some cen turies ago. The mystery Is fathomless, as much * now as of yore,. it's only human nature, pure and simple, nothing more. Candidates for the boobyhstch. TOe young ,man who bellieves her when she says he Is the only man she ever kissed, 'The elderly party who dyes his moyslache and hair and thinks he. In fooling anybody. The woman who thinks that she qan make 'a gown over and make any tither woman believe It is new. The gink who writes love letters to a married woman. ThJe 96rsq who thinks he can +et ahead` in Oils profession by erooking his elbow over the polished mahogany, The youpg woman who must ba urged to sing and then sings all night. The Iharebl.ned galoot who expects somehow oy other to get something in thlls world' for nothing. The. SIlver Cornet Band, When our town's stiver cornet band comes marehin' down the street, All dressed In gold braid uniforms, It surgly In a treat. The folks line up along the walks and drink the music in. The 'boy. take uslIe's "Stars and Strlpes" andibit her up like sin, And every woman iwho his got somri S)Li t1'e , , be band Point# hlm' nat to her' neighbors and , she peý, "'My, ain't he grand!" The toys at .imirohing. a4ol' like kings and hlid their heands upright, 'the.y;may ,be 'shy on mslte, btlt they provement in divers' equipment, the rubber sult, helmet or the pumps that send down the air, and the outfit of a decade ago is M up to date as the one made yesterday, yet the modern diver has a number of advantages over his contemporary of even a few years ago. The use of the telephone bas been one qt the improvements that comes in handy, but the greatest of all is the pneumatic tool. By means of compressed air tools, a diver can now do more in one hour than he could in five with hand-pow ered tools, because his diving suit so hampers the freedom of his arms. With a pneumantl tool .ll he has to do Is to hold the machine still and the air does the rest. He can carry a pneumatle tool wherever he can go, for the hose that feeds it Is no larger than his air hose, and, besides, the pressure of the water greatly reduces the weight of the tool; so much so that In deep .'ter it Is necessary to weight it down no the diver can control it. These pneumatic tools will do any thing that can be done by hand, They will operate augers or drills and will also hammer. They are the greatest aid to tthe diver In all kinds of con struiet ion work. While diving, nas a trade, Is followed by fe.w, the I'ttetd States navy has a school for divers and encourages young men of exceptional physical staminn l to take up the work. At this school the young men are tatught how to take care rf themselves In emergen cies and. before they are graduated, they have been through many rough experiences, even though these ex perlences are carefully planned and ex ecuted. B.Every navl ship of any size carries two or nlmirl' divers and there is always use for them1 . They are sent over the side. to, inspect the bottoms, scrape larnlatl off, to adjust outboard con nections or to mlke new ones, for a ship, like a house, can always be Im proved ai little by the addition of something new. sure lIk out of sight. The solur notes pass unnoticed and no one cracks a smile. Ren Hawkins on the slideo trombone kin be heard a mile. The biss drum In the only other thing that you kin hear, And there's no use of any other players heln' near. The folks don't seem to listen, but they only stand and stare. The music is of doulbtful sort, we 'must perforie agree, But it's the finest lookin' band that we most ever se#. A Few Pipe Thoughts. Opplortunllty knorks at your door not only once Ilt mlinny tllle: but you needn't think that opportunity is go Ing to be a lockasmith, buly a skeleton key, unlock your door, come upstalrs and puill you out of bed, dress you. wash 'your facte carry you downstairs alind put you in a 60-horse power aluttonmbileI just iI order to start you In your wiy.v The mon.ey you Iave niot got makes little differenvc, In trhe world; provid ing, of cloursi, your wife inherited plenty of it, The hilppIitl man tl we ver saw 'wnas an old soldier with ci wooden leg who wll seated with lils grandson on the top row of the narrow board seats at a circuts, and It wasn't such a whale of a circus, either. l.et the other fellow do the worry Ing. Thipk good thoughts, never gossip about your neighbors, do the hest you can flnancially, take plenty of exercise, mow your own lawn, get up at cock-crow, go to bed with the chlckens and eat plenty of spinach, and you will live o0 hie 115 years of age, providing you don't, get run over by an automobile, fall off a 10-story building, eat toadstools by mistake, monkey around a pesthouse or die a natural death. These Must Make Ananlas Jealous. "Oh, Daisy, I think your new hat is just a perfect dream. I never saw anything become you so well." "So sorry I was out when you called the other day, Mrs. Jones." "Yes, that suit cost me just $121, and there Isn't a piece of goods like It in this .own, believe me." "I never have a particle of trouble with my car. It runs just like a sew ing machine and never 'gets out of repair." "We'd be just delighted to have you and your wife spend four or five wreks with us next summer at our cbttage at Long Branch. POPLAR TREE OiP THE MORMQON. Every Mormon farmer surrounds his house or marks the boundary of his land with poplar trees. Some of th9 farms of the thrifty Mormon farmerM in the vicinity of Salt hplce City coL r tatn from 10 to $00 poplllr treea.' ".J M rmons claim that BrighrB ToOiWf hai% a revelation early to the days 'of the Utahl pilgrimage, In i'lloh ' the I Mormons merebldden to plant poplar trees, and since that time the revl*l tion ihas been followed,