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te it the' poetefroe at MissoulLa, ot as aoOd-olass mail matter. SUSwCRIPTION RATES. (In Advanes.) -blly, one month ,......... k.....,016 t11y, sha m Postage e8 i countries. t tLEPHubNE NUMBER. 11.....-........-.116 Independent ......10 MIBSOULA OFFICE, 13 and 111 ,West Main Street. Hamilton Offloe. 121 Main Street, Hamilton, Mont. T'he Missoulian may be found o. Iels at the following newatands out side of Montana: Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen ey, N. E. corner Clerk and Madison streets. Minneapolis-World News Co., i19 North Fourth street. Salt Lake City-MacOillia & Lud ln FranetIco-United News Agents. Portland-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Wagsington. Seattle-Eckarts' News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. O. Whitney. Spokane-Jamlemon News Co. Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUSSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Misoutlan is anxious to give the best carrier service: therefore, sub scribers are requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper changed to new address, please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable to The Missoulian Publishing Company. FRIDAY, FEBRITARY 28, 1912. FOR ROO1EVILT. n Montana progressive republicans, in convention in Billings yesterday, In dorsed Theodore Roosevelt for the presidency and declared unequivocally for the progressive ideas which we know as the Roosevelt policies. The declaration of the Billings convention Is made so clear that it cannot be misunderstood; it Is written in letters po plain that he who runs may read. The message which Montana sends back to the east is that she wants Roosevelt for president. She sidsyt It to Wi.ehington and to Oyster Bay, to Vaill street and to Medora. If there is anyI)idy waiting to get the news from Montuna, he has It this morning. I ile has it in the messages which left the state last night, carrying to the slation the word that Montana, the old range home of Roosevelt, wants him again. She wants him because she up* proves his policles and because she approves him. She knows him, knows I him probably better than any other state in the Union knows him. She has not as many votes as some of the other sisters in the national family, but she has more enthusiasm than any I of them. Montana is in earnest. Tile mes sage written In Billings yesterday will find cordial indorsement all over the state. The voice which utters it is the voice of the people. The declara tion which was made In the Yellow stone capital yesterday is a good. enough platform for us. The candi date Indorsed is the very man to make the stand upon that platform. Roosevelt's hat is In the ring and We are for Roosevelt-we of Montana. TONIGHT'S DEBATE. This evening an event takes pluac whloh should intere'st every friend of the University of pMntina. The first annual debate between the university and the State College of Agriculture and Mehaunic Arts is to be held In the assembly hull of the university. It is to be hoped that these contests of, brain between the two institutions can be. Continued in the future, iWhether they can or not depends upon:the: Support that is given them by the eltisals of Missoula. It there fore behooves us all to see to It that the hall is.packed tonight.. It is a good question, one that will demand the thought oi every voter before the coming presidential campaign is ended. A good debate Is assured. The Bosuman team Is considered exoep tlongaly strong. H. S. Davis, who Is the apbtain of the team, has already bes. victorious in ttyo inter.oollegiate debates. Last year he was In the team vwhich defeated the Utah Agri cultural college. Mr. Atkins., the other rmelifp±.4*, the team is consldered .qbPtrtg f He is anematern than ,ap dH a except.onal ti'ltlin*. 'ts a w iiha willt present WshteaM tonight is W*thdtt 'epealrl Onoe in Inter-colltilate debating. MIss vetlyn Stephenson in a thenmier of the freshman class. while Carl Dickey t R sophomore. The fact that the team 16 Inexperienced is all the mote reason that it should receive support. The debaters will put up a good fight. The judges for the debate are as tot lows: 0. A. Ketcham, assistant state:, superlntendent of public Instruction, G. P. Downer, superintendent of schools of Butte, and H. J. Burleigh, a lawyer at Plains. A 'REFORM. Punishment by the law has had no greater problem than the welfare of the family of the punished. In sev eral states stepp have been taken to ward legislation that will allow the paying of part of the convict's prison earniels to his family or to those de pending on him at the time of his in carceration. The government, in the navy department, has gone a step farther in working out t.ls Idea. A yeoman serving three years for ap propriating naval funds, was receiving $70 a month Now, all of his salary, barring the prison expenses incident to his care behind the bars, will be paid to his wife. The prisoner made this request at the time of hle con victlon and the nave department ap proved It. This is right, surely; in nocent persons should not suffer for the wrongdoing of others. REAL FAME. The periodicals of the day print mutcl concerning the prominent men of the country, statesmen, captains of Industry, men of letters, but where is the political leader, the capitalist or the author to whom a magasine de votes an entire number? Tyrus Ray mond Cobb, demon base-runner, star fielder, dreaded hitter, is the subject of the entire edition of a sporting publication. There are more than a hundred pages in this magazine and if anry other person besides Cobb in mentioned on these it is because of some connection with the "Georgia Peach." of course, it may be said that this is a frivolous publication, this magazine that prints so much of one manc and he a ballplayer, but it must he admitted, on the other hand, that ine thiis country the great athlete is nmore popular with the masses than the nman who recnly does something for his country. Peirhaps, however, the manl wie, giveN a perfeet demonstra tion of the natio(al glame is wortih onmetlhing in hlts exemplification of the beest gamlle in the world. The mnc who kept quiet for 20 years whlle.u probably innocent man suffered, is as guilty as a murderer, almost. Foreign nurseries should have no advantage over home industry, thinks the horticultural society. The western -Mon tana lawyers are a fine lot of mcen and they had a fine time last night. Prisefights the feature of the birth day of the fatlher of his countryl Fine busiless. Buffalo bayou, evidently, is a great institution. AnywaYr it saved Hous ton. Somebody would object to Black atone, were he up for appointment. Busy folks: The devil, the bee, the grand jury, the prizefight promoter. The ambition of the Bitter Root creamery Is splendid and lofty . "My hat Is in the ring;" Mr. Roose velt likes curt phrases. lMtssoultan class ad; small in size but mighty in action. You'll enjoy the debate at the unl vereity this evening. The progressives set a high mark at Billings yesterday. Justice Holloway made a lot of friends in Missoula. An Irreslstable impulse: To wear your spring suit. Help the Montana team win that debate tonight. There are many castors, in and con ing. Mr. George had something to say. Tonight, the debate. Tonight. The debate. FEROUS DEBATERS WIN. Lewistown. Feb. 22.-(Speclul.)-By winning a clean-cut victory over Co. nucnbus last night the Floergus county high school delbating team assumes the championship of the eastern Mon tana district, and will now meet Boseman at that place, -while Missoula and Broadwater will fight It out for the other two districts. The two winning teams in the coming detbates will contest for the state champidn ship at Missoula. HOME RULE DAY SET. London, Feb, 22.-Premier Asquith t is expected to Introduoe the bill grant Ing home rule to Irelq(nd in the house 9p commons, on March 0., It was stated today this program practiaolly Sbad bear arvayged. Exploring the *, P" derie J. Hakldw The Insatiable appetite of geogra phers for a complete knowledge of the surface of our terrestlal giobe con tinues to compel explorers to fare forth into the unknown, The north pole has been reached, but an expedl tloh now goeS to find and map troaker land, a new body glimpsed by Peary on his northward course. Every day the nworld expects to hear news from those who are assaulting the frosen fuatness of the antarctic. The explorers who have floated down the Amasonl In boats and who have cut their way here and there Into the jungle along the banks of that mighty stream, now are b.ing followed by the raitroad surveyors who will let modern civiliatlon And transportatlon into the middle of the South American conti nent. In .our own continent men atts still striving to conquer unclimbed nmountain peaks, still diving into the midst of trackless northern forests, still seeking out every little unknown spot until, In the end, every square mile will be. known. The trosen polar caps are about to surrender the last of their Icebound serss; the salt seas long ago have yielded to the charts their every path and byway; the pine forests of Canada, the rubber forests of Brasil, and the mahogany forests of the Kongo are known to geography and are exploited of commerce. Only the desert, the arid and the all but lifeless desert, the mysterious and the terrifying desert; only the desert still remains unconquered and un mapped; only the desert now chal lenges the hardihood of the explorer and defies the curiosity of the geogra pher. The southern and the more arid portion of our own American desert, most of it. of course, lying in Mexico, still is a terra Incognita to the white man. The delightful account of a comparatively modest journey Into this dry land, recorded by William T. Hornaday, has excited the curiosity of the world, and now Kermit Roosevelt, knowing Africa, is about to undertake a journey Into this far more dangerous and far more deadly land. The new republic of China guar antees equal rights to Chinese. Man chus, Mongolians and Tibetans, but neither the Chinese themselves, nor the rest of the world, know much of Mongolla or Tibet. Most of those two countries belong to the desert, and although they' have been inhabited since 'the time when the memory of man runneth not to the contrary, thne outside world is to them a sealed book, and they to the world an unguessed riddle. The desert of Gobi that is partly In China, partly in Manchuria, partly in Mongolia and partly in SBleria, is traversed by the oldest transportation lines In existene. It has a caravan route over which tea and silk-laden camels have traveled toward Europe for these 3,000 years, and yet from the time when Kubhlal Khan macadamised the road until the time when the Russian railroad paralyzed It by the competition of steams, no one of the merchants who traveled over it turned either to the right or to the left to tell Europe and the occident of the wonders or the terrors of that unknown land. But the greatest of all the deserts, widest in expanse, dryest in air, most nearly lifless, an ocean of shifting sand with only here and there a palm fronded Island, is the great Sahara. And yet the Sahara is the first of the great deserts of which occidental clvlllsation has known. From the earliest dawn of histoileal memory it bas been inhabited, and yet it is still unknown. The National Geographic soolety in Washlngton recently Ils tened with thrilling interest to the ptory of Frank Edward Johnson, an authbrity on everything pertaining to northern Africa, who has but recently retdrned from an expedition iut', southern Tunisia, where he visited oases in the desert to which no man of any living white race had evet gone. Mr. Johnson went to all of the viil lages and towns of Saharan Trog. lodytes. These cave-dwelling, burrow. Ing men are believed to be the oldest pure race still inhabiting their original home to be found in the world, Exist ing Egyptian Inscriptions and writings tell of these same people living in practically the same fashlion In thls same country in these same caves 4,000 years ago. More than four cen turies before the beginning of the Christian era, Herodotus, the father or history, heard in Egypt of this then ancient race, and he described their habits. The Roman historian, Ballus:, was sent into Africa by Julius Caesar and he wrote'of these people as among the most ancient of races. These cave-dwelling Troglodytes have been fiercely jealous of their independence. They were besieged, but not conquared, by the armles of mnclent lEgypt; they drove beack the Greek invasion, they succeas.ully ro pisted the Roman legions, they de fested the Berber hordes, and the Thought for Today The Trap Theory.'. By Mrs. Robirt M. La Fellette. Man and marriage are a trap-that is the essence the young woman draws from the campaign of woman's rlglits," said Ida Tarbell. In each generation and in every phase of soci.:ty you will hear the Katherines and the H,,nedicts ralingl against muarriage. Such characteril tic adolroscc t Itolitahnllu has no more relation to suffrage today than It did when Shakespeare wrote "Taming of the Shrew," and "As You Like It." in my intimate acquaintance with many women of widely different en vironment and divergent view, I have never observed that their ideas on suffrage affected their views as to men and marriage. Doubtless, there are embittered women working for suffrage, but among the antis there are no less conspicuous exameples of unpasinesa-that narrow, dissatlsfied won)tha who personally .ppears to have nothing abe desiresa but. ,wh when women's particlpatlon In .publi$ affairs is suggested, sniffs the air and Ahabs conqured them only with the Ioran, never with the ecimitar. Some 14 yeaesr ago iir H. H, John ston, an Anglishman, vlsited the largest of the 'Troglodite cities, one since made an official Prqpch post. But it, Wae not until Prank Mdward Johnson, a native... of Connecticut (who, however, 'asr lpeqpt most of his life in Africa), undertook an explora tion on behalf of "the Smithsonian ~h stitution and the deaitDment of agri culture, that the cave-dwellers of the more remote tnwns ever beheld the face of a White man.. As witnessing the tmlyersal interest in geography, it Is itlrt ting to know that In the smallest d mopt remote of these cait*lwelltig' villages, a shelk of Interior trnk, who had waited long for an opportunity to ad. dress the American visitor, asked what was the result ft the Peary and Cook controversy. H6 had been much interested in learning that some one had found "the stick In the north." There are three types of Troglo dytes. All of them originally were "cllmbing Troglodytes"; that 14, those who lived in caves and tunnels cut into the Hvling rock on the tops of sugar-loafed mountalln,-the mesas of our own west. In later generations the Troglodytes came 'down nearer to the valleys, where they grew their grain and fed their flocks, and bur rowed into the hillildee. At a still later day, when in the progress of time. they were not so often subj xt to hostile attacks, they came down Into the plains, hut here were unable to forsake their former modes of living. In ome places they used celnent to build towns pf thou. sands of cave-shaped dwellings, super Imposed one upon another to the height of four or five stories. These towns, representing the third and latest era In the developmept of the Troglodyte customs, are themselves ancient. Sallust, writing In the half century before Christ, spoke of them as "the people who dwell in curious abodes that resemble overturned gal leys cut in *tWo." This description is as good in 1912 as it was In 50 B. C. The other type of plnin-dwelling Troglodytes are literally men moles. They dig huge holes in the flat plain WASHINGTON By Roy K. Moulton. Washingto., February I1. Dear Editor: Uncle Shelby Cullom of Illinois Is one of the vast army of statesmen who look $ke Lincoln, and near him sits Robeit J. Gamble of Yankton, 8. D., who Is known as the handsomest man in the senate. This, of course, may not the saying very much for Mr. Gamble. On the democratic side, towering above .his colleaguii like a sunflower in a garden of .nter radishes, Is Senator Joseph W. iBfeye of. Texa,s. who has the ht@gr popij.tonk of Jeffrles, but Who, ;ltk.J'e1f* - 5slr able to come back w *f.verP te' Wants to. After lookilh at Yllb 'nd hear ing him make a motloit td adjourn, I do not wonder that they' dot't care to vote against him down Inp Texas. The switching of a lamb's narrative Is a slow and tedlous process com pared with the passage of a bill through the senate. It travels faster than a Marconigram and is gone and forgotten before anyone knows it has been there. Of course, it takes the senate about 18 years to get ready to pass a bill, but thie passing of It take. up less time than an unexpected event that forgets to .happen. The presiding officer, Mr. Bherman, -speaks so rapid ly at this Juncture that it takes a dozen stenographers working In relays to get him. It is something like this: "I have here a bill No. Umpty-ump umpetyup. Providing thatthecltyof Sturgis, Michigan shall have the right to constructadamacrossthe t.Josephriver. Allinfavorrsay'aye'allopposed'no.' The 'ayes'haveltandthebllliapassed." .The "ayes" have it always unless some senator raises a holler, add this generally comes while th .prilsding of ficer is putting the rourth bill down the list to a vote. Acting upon your instructions, I went to see Senator Curtis, the full. blooded Indian membier of the upper house, but he had very little to say, I attributed this,, of course, to his In dian reservation. Senator William Alden Smith of MI.ohigan is chairman bf' the commit tee on Canadian relations. He eas been more than kind nl offering to do what he can for me, belt I have no relatives in Canada whom I care to have rim do anything for--none aborut to die and leave me money. It he were only the chairman of the committee" on expeditur'e, now, ' might be able to use him to great ad , • - -.. . . . . . .. ... . . . days, "I nave all the fights I want." Not one of the young women I kqow has been inoculated with this "trap-eereN't serum. The college girls, who are ral)dly joining the ranks for rulftrage, are just whole some youang women, who, when they have Altu4ttnl ,eenomlo quteations like the tariff and the trusts, and when they see their effect on, labor condl tiohs and the cost of jiving, realise that women should share the responsi billty of legislation. The great majority of my acquaint ances who favor suffrage, are enjoy Ing the normal fulflllmeit of life--a home, which Mise Tarbell says; means a, mte, phiildren, friends, with all the radlatig obligations, Joys and bur dens, those relations ipiply, They, tavor saffrage because they beJlive that women oun be of grster, service with Jhe .lrcot vote than by their In* 4Atebt tWfbiete. Instidd 'f 1 s .44, savh,. * ast beting "sttte4 aaunem. y gre gmbttlousr to ba Vy -,i pateS -"4o sbare. their balf of thile voa. * pmgi' res ofor s a ,eTrod artificial aýI* ,.e4t e ' the p1611 probably 1i anS us to te dv mnt of out mican 'el ffd.*t'OsiI w into the five 5al ss-etoied Pueblos of modern times. itthee Tunisiaan Troptodytes show' t~ usual esponse to 'physlcal Qndli ions.l "Rain a io rat;e, and the water so limited, ,that a rbd; crop of ,grain is obtained. only about once in four years., This fact neceegitates adequate grain storage fealitles.. In the artl. flc(al cement cave towns the groups of dwellings are arraniged In horse shoe shape, each .trlbe or division to itself, and the open end of the horse ahoe is guarded all through the year by a body of armed men. Others of the ti'be are, nomadle and for nine months of the 19 roam, the desert. In the upper chambers, aecess to whleh is gained only by a perilous allmb on projecting stones and an. occasilonal step, are the granaries. In thqsei on account of the darkness and the cool and .the dryness, grain will kedp In perfect cbnditlon for un-numbered years. That the cave wltllingp in this terrifically hot country are Com paratively cool, and thus mintetbl to the comfort of man; that they Aftford storage for grain, giving at once pro tettion from marauders and from deeay: these are prohabty the two prineipal reasons why this race of people has lived here in its own original home for these 6,000 years without being politically or raclally disturbed from the outside. That they are Mohammedans proves that they have not been entirely conservative, for they are devout followers of the newest of the great religions of man kind. That it was an Amerlean explorer who has given to the geographli and scientific iworld a, complete account of these strange people and their strange dwelling places is a matter of pride to the National Geographic society. Mr. Johnson will make a report to the Smithsonian instlutlon on the racial characteristics of the people of the African cave towns and to the department of agriculture on the flora and fauna of the Tunlsian Sahara. One by one are the secrets of even the most terrifying of deserts being given up. Tomorrow - Revolutionary By Products. vantage. My expenditures need a chair man or something of that sort very badly. It is very pleasant to note how in terested the senators are in each other's speeches. When a senator gets up to make a speech it seems a strange coincidence that every other senator puddenly remembers that he has business elsewhere. Every sen ator hag 1him one favorite orator, and only one, whom he will remain In the chamber and listen to. This favorite orator is himself. When mnybody else sptaki, he' goes out to lunch. Going out to lunch Is about the best thing the average senator does, and they hav very surprising appetites. A senator can go out to lunch at any moment and stay long enough to eat a dozen square meals. When there is anything on they go to lunch. When there is anything Imporant on they go to lunch, and when there is nothing at' all on they go to lunch, and it is safe to say that ,when Gabriel sounds the final warning it will find one United States senator making a speech and the other eighty-odd down In the senate restaurant. The senator who is making a speech is not embarrassed in the least. He will spout just as long as the presiding officer and the stenographer stay, and he is always Come !Over and Take Dinner t HIS-is your old friend Cross talking. Got the best .line .f samples with me this spring I ever had. Come into town and tak'e A~'~er with me tonight and look iem over .. " - . The traveling salesman fre4uently uses the Bell Telphone . get in touch .with out-of-town customers. It saves him time and travel. , er' aBll2fh'a/orn is a o 1 Distance `Sation laa States Telephone and Telegra . t'~·;;·a;~~n--;~;; i- 7If 14 " irm : Says * Wonder if you'll miss me. I hope so, because I'll be working for the Interests of Popular Priced Merchandise All the time. Tomorrow remnant rummage day. lure of an audience of two, anyhow. Iverything he says goes into the Record, and copies of the Record go back home to the faithful and admir Ing constituency. Hence, for all the senator who is mnaking the speech cares is brother senators can eat themselves Into acute indigestion or nervous dyspepsila, if they like. He Is speaking for posterity, and posterity will take time enough off from its eat ing to read. SISTER CANDID GIVEN SENTENCE IN PRISON Paris, Feb. 22.-The woman known as Sister Candid, who formerly was superior of the Order of St. Ann, and who was engaged for many years in an elaborate' scheme of charitable work, was sentenced today on a charge of embezzlement and abuse of confidence to 18 months' imprison ment. Her sentence was suspended and she was fined $200, on payment of .which she will be relieved from serv ang her term in prison. She was ar rested May 20, 1910, at the instance of a firm of Jewelers from whom she had borrowed great quantities of Jew elry to sell on commission. 'Much of this jewelry was .found later in the pawnshops of Paris and London. One of the woman's associates, Dr. Petit, hanged himself on the day she was ar rested, leaving a note saying he could not face the exposure and charging her with the responsiblilty. She in allreged to have embezzled $800,000. This Book. Worth Reading. o The Adler-i-ka book, telling how I you can easily guard against appen I dicitis, and how you can relieve con s stipation or gts on the stomach al e most instantly, is offered free for a a short time by Missoula Drug Co. RESTIORE GRAY HAIR O NATURAL COLOR BY COMMON GARDEN SAGE, A SIMPLE REMEDY FOR DAN DRUFF, FALLING, FADED, GRAY HAIR. The old idea of using 'sage for darkening the hair Is again' comltng i vogue. Our grandmothers had dark, g:ossy hair at 75, while our mothers are gray before they" are 60. Our grandmothers kept their hair soft and glossy with a "Sage Tea," which also restored the natural color. One objection to using such a prep aration was the trouble of making it. This objection has been overcome by the Wyeth Chemical company of New York, who has placed on the market a superior preparation of saga com blned with sulphur and other . J-., uable remedies for dandruff, itching scalp, and thin, weak, falling hair. The beauty of the hair depends more on Its rich, even shading than anything else. Dont have dry, harsh faded hair. when a simple, harmless remedy will bring nack the color in a few days; ulad don't be tormented with dandruff, Itching scalp and loose. rfalling hairs. Wyeth's Sage and Sul I phur Hair ltemedy will quickly correct these troubles, and give color, strength and beauty to your hair. Get p fifty cent bottle from your idruggist today, and prove this to your own satisfactioln. All druggists sell It, under guarantee that the money will beh refunded If the remedy is not a exactly ite rel:nat'h nt(d. Special agehtL. lissoumla Drug Co.