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tlasoufl, Montana. rBntered at the postotffle at Missoula. optatStt, as second-elas mail matter. ---- _ ·" .. . .... ... - .- SUSSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advanoe.) Dally, one month ..........................60. Dally, three months .................. 2.35 Daily, six months ............................ .. 4.00 Dai ly, one year .......................... .......... 8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell ...................110 Independent ..... 10 MISSOULA OFFICE. 121 and 111 West Main Street. Hamilton Offie*. 221 Main Street, Hamilton, Mont. The Mlissoullan may be found on sale at the followlng newstands out aide of Montana: Chicago-Chicagn Newspaper Agen cy, N. IC. corner Clark and Madison streets. Mlnneapolfs-World News Co., 210 North Fourth street. Salt Lake City-MacGillts & Lud wig. Ban Francisco-United News Agents. Portland-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington. Seattle--Eckarts News AgencY, First avenue and Washington; W. O. Whitney. spokane--Jainleson News Co. Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Miasnulian is asxlnus to give the best carrier service; therefore, suh scribthers are requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper changed to new address, please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable to The Mlssoullan Publishing Company. MONDAY, MAY "0, J91:. THE HIGH SCHOOL. The Missoula county high school I. In the midst of Its closing season for another year Next week will be com mencement week at this institution; the activities of the days just ahead will be Interesting. In the work of the year, the local high school has given a good iecount of itself in more than one line. lAboring under a considerable handicapl in many par ti:ulare, the young people have devel oped a school spirit which Is the secure foundatlin for scholastic arhleveement. In the field of debate. In declamation, in athletics, the school lihas won signal honors. But, what Is better than any of thtesie or than all of these, the school has taken a stand for a hilgher r.tiandardl of action which mIarks real Iprogress. Any movement of this sort most collSe from within the student body; it la something which cannot he accomplished by artificial means; t must 111111 the result of better ideals on the part of the young people. It is the duty of teachers and parents, of trustees and patruns, to seek to Inspire these ideals. There must be Ia unity of purpose and a devotion to the school if the institution is to become what we all hope it will become. There must be no factlollnalisln; Ihetre limust be no internal dissensions; the whole effort of teachers antld of pupilts niust ht uplward. At present, we see but onle grave lenaceo to the conltinued implllrovenlllt of the high school's istantdard 'lThe fraternity LappeIars to be gaining It foothold here. It Is loastilvly daungerotus and l If the schooli. .s ti he what we expect it to be, the fraterlity evil muI t ie cri'aished out rlight away. GET A BOOK. )i'sterdI.,. lerl ningIa 'Th|'l l' M ýisulnhiln llniunllnt.'el tlia dlisrlltllu n from lll I IM UH tin , ·ss office of' It'r dl, ' rl ckt J.. hl.is hItn's realtrkltlh, bol.l "The A rIIIIIIcan (overnllientl." It is it great pleiasUrle for its to hI till' to offer this boiok it thue people ,ll' vatcrn Mionitalna; it Is thie bist Itplk 'if its klind ever ),prnhted, II plice-Fs dti-tailed ilnforll lutionl ri:glldilg Il, g vernl 'elllll' llt wilthli the reach of everybody. The leading l1t erary c'itil' ofI tlhe' ctounltry htave' unitled 111 praise of I lh volumlll; its 11luln is ct'mprlis' vl nid there has ]bent great i,'re"l expetn', d in its 'prip turattli, . 'I.ll l it-hahilery of 4ouI' lina tIonall govenlnllllllt- 1 the litl ,h de taluils if its atdt inisltratiloni is ex pallai'nd n lilte ls.ik. It should he IIIn the hands iof every mIin allnld womtaun in tile city tund it shoituld he lradt by. every student. Metciatilcally, tihe vuluii'e Is ad Intrable. It s wucll a book as is sold ordinarily for two dollars. Unlder the' Ierms 'of our conltract with the pub lisher, we are able to offer this book to the people of weaternl Montana for I;0 cents; thie only condition Is .that you brinlg six coupons, clipped from The Mlssouhlan, whenr you conto to buy thL book. The 3Mlssoullan's read ers are familiar with the excellence of the HItakin editorial work. His daily articlesl.upon cuyrent toplcs have been a Mlssoultan feature for two years, In this joI0k Mr, Hl*4ljl has done his best work. It Is somethltti which wv. ery reader should have. (lGet one this week CLEAN UP. The city coumitisiols has tll idelrtak r a thorough homlecleahing. The orderi which have bell I ssued by the health departnmnt are imperative; notice has been served upon offendirs againal the scantary reC'ulatltons on the city anlld I theme ncltlces are not heeded, there will Ihe-Iwe are pmlromed-im. inedhtcte plroslecut.l.on II the courts. This course Is the oiy one which can pos. ihtl"'y lie effectic'o,. and the health de. partment thas ia right to expect that the l'cople of the fityt will stand back of the effort to Inltake Misaouta physienlly clean. In another dirction the city gon eminent has h.glun housecleaning. cinolmtlasloller Ho s10ton, head of the polee tdepartment. has discovered that there nrc some of the rooming houses anld hoteil of tIl cilty which are ex tremely Ilx III their olhervance of tihe mlllrl ftn Od aIctutorty law. The notice which has been serve In these cases Is just as emnphatic and 'just as posl tive as that Which the health depart ntlent ihas sent out. It "will be enforced its vigorously. Here, too,. the people of the c ity will stanilid back of the c'mnniislioiuiers. it we are to have a restrielrcd distrIct, the ipticular form i lihe for thlel it I sent lapart nlust te i'nfihled tit Its IIIntts. If i 1iian lanclo rt llli hotel deI'elltly. ihe wouiild hetter Ilcove Its estblli)tlllihli'nit to tlest Front utreet i1r get outl of itown. A GIOOD MOVE. P hly a unanilnloul vote the t(ckkxlcd rr,: of tIe M lishotla rullit aind Pro dllsce i nstheilulthll deitdled t~Iturday evening to ti1iilt at wareihole and ulip. pl t packing plant ilnd voted t 111111 of Ino1,(iiy to cointrul.lt atnd eqillip aI good. icbtilnlhtal Iniltdhlg whicih will be redcy for use in tIcidliRng the facl crop. Ordinarily., lthe Ilaans for the con trluctlill of a I.fltlle warellouse iido not call for apec l nl cniment, but in the ,cue tclelir conistiratlltion Iihe dehision '"f tle aetlasiiCnlt hais it splecitl sig nific"rlle. A wauI(hoinse and packing pllnt is tIhe Idvot upon which swings ihe wholeh working orgalniation of anj amlc,c(tllii of thiis character. Without such clan adjunct. or somllethinlg fully In take its placie, the best directed ef. rorts of uclih n organizatloll mnust fall; with it. ull ecle heing equail. sInccesin is ,reitietllly assured. The fruitlgrowters artl farmlers of tile hMis luthl valleys have lton bg needed aI tood, live pr,ldlner assolation. ·'The ,eneral plan Is noit niw. It is so old and haIs Icee o sce' e1cscnncfllnv worked iut icn facit Il well na IIn thleory iil lithe ollder districl t, that it is 1urcrics ii I that Ihi grcowers ihere haive do. cied Ithemselve, of Jiml helnefilts fr so Icng lhut inow Ic tici hav i deiitc it he Rilning. TIhey IIhawI stalrteli right. iMay succes-s lltllll Itheir cffcorts. working vwell and the real wirk on Ihi aveinue has not yet been ltarted. There' will be atn epidemic of pavlng before the work Is over. 'The d'lesperatlon of the Taft people finds expressiotln in falseholods; but t ltr.o aire rlling tilrnedl buck upon ti,"Ir originaitors most effectively itn t 'lresidt lnt elet I itighel d hurl I golod ti'ancel to Nie w e-sterIn Mountuliln yietrtldy oand we Itlm,1, Ieu Ilkes tile iiiittlry II Itmuch itn it likes hint. torltintily Itelre wire it few tau lio IIoiilim lift oiver frim it e KIutl iiI trip-- Ihu'e dild effective work i ll IIt ' toad If, fluntilton yesterday. 'h'f Ih. best iervice thal t ('ltlt hiii' ri't idlor'd it 'ico im 'unity lI to Iiacl It. Anlll the oi ffciall lannouncemient Is thliat Alls nsutllt is to be cleaned. Sthii, ix Julst learnlng lwhat a wirn' eI'; ll l iil gt IN--uiniid she hti1 had mIIIei i'xt'rillle tefore niw. Tle prililent I iiis on the dIefensive ill his iwnl smltlait, whl'll does not augulllr wt fi lt in and IIlle lcusle. Jif tter th is any mior bimutiful eliiti" rIy Ihan the Bitter 110,1, we doln't wIitit Io see it; we iiuldn,'t Standiil it. 'IThe, i ly tIuillnluning iimust goi frth(r thna, yards and alliyn if it I1 to, hb, " ll l ,Iete mul Ihorullgh. iae - tIs ti alwrii nI tin( i swift mur tlli-yii. More poiwer to the city tadimi.llll trit t heI official recordl pirove . lit ll.. Ill1n , l it. h somellthinl llg o i lir. Alradly tlhere are Ovidencitls of tlle Ietefits of the cleanlup order. LA IPOLLITTg1. OLAIM. Touledo, 0., (May 10.-Big businesso ws discussuued and boslitn In iolitics assailed by 8enator Robert i. La l* lotte last nglht In a peooch here be. fore a large crowd. HeI declared he bhld the balance of power In the fight for delegates to the republican na. tlo~al 9qovqptloQ, THE 1 4T This week's politilal gvtivitie will~ on fined to Ohio; the course of the camphIgn which ha- across the con. tinent and back since the present mI as ushered' in, now crosses the Buckeye state., In f 'he only politics of importance this week will center ii a home state of President Taft, where the primaries wille held tomorrow, For a week, the campaign in Ohio has been waged strenu ously. All of the force which the federal machine could concentrate has been centered here; all of the strength of federal patronage has been exhausted Ip the effortto save Ohio for the Taft campaign column. The president, him self, has been in the field. He has takern the stump in the endeavor to preserve, if possible, his prestige. He knows he must carry his home precincts. The Ohio campaign has, therefore, been the fiercest that Manager McKinley has undertaken sine the struggle be fan. There has been no move of the ad it politician over ooked in his field. Saturday night, thqTaft forces were called sharply to account for some of the libels which they have been circulating in Ohio; they were shown up. Every one of the Taft chickens, turned loose in, the Ohio cam paign, has come home to roost. Everyone of the acts of Roosevelt,which .Taft has condemned in the last fortnight, has been shown to be an act in which Mr. Taft participated and to which he gave his approval. The harvester-trust case is as much the case of Taft as it is of Roosevelt. ' If there is blame, his is equally the responsibility; if there is credit, it is credit which Taft must share with Roosevelt. And so with the Brownsville affair, which it was sought to tutroduce into the campaign to prejudice the negro vote against Roosevelt. The Brownsville order was issued by Mr. Taft as secretary of war. Ohio has no presidential-preference primary, but tomor row's primaries will make it plain who is favored by the voters of the state as a presidential candidate. The repub lican voters in each district will elect two delegates to the national convention and these delegates will be pledged to one candidate or the other. In a few of the districts, it is said, there \vill be La Follette candidates, but in most of the districts the battle will be between- the Taft and Roosevelt forces. There are twenty-one congressional dis tricts in Ohio; the state convention, next month, will select six delegates at large, who will complete the quota of the state's representation at Chicago-forty-eight. The result of the Ohio primaries is vital to Mr. Taft. He has said so in his speeches within a week. The outcome of tomorrow's balloting will make it clear to the nation at large whether or not Mr. Taft has any ground for his hope for renomination. His own friends adinlt that his cause is hopeless if he fails to carry his own state. And they are afraid that he will not carry the state. They have en countered much opposition-opposition Which becomes stronger as the campaign issues are discussed. The Ohio farmers have learned all about the fake reciprocity plan of Mr. Taft. They are opposed to him because he sought to deceive them; they are close to the Canhdian boundary and the fake reciprocity deal would have put them out of business. The outlook is dark for the Taft cause in his own state. On the other hand, the primaries in Ohio are important to Mr. Roosevelt. If he can repeat in Ohio the record which he has made in other states where primaries have been held, he will have'the situation completely in hand. It will add to his strength much more than the forty-eight votes which Ohio has in the national convention. It will give him prestige which will enable him to command many other votes. Close students of the situation in the east, give it as their opinion that Taft's failure to carry Ohio will insure the nomination of Roosevelt upon the first ballot. And that is why all eyes are turned toward the Buckeye state this week. That is why the federal forces are making a desperate stand in a lost cause. Tomorrow will sound the knell of the Taft campaign. Caribbean Politics XIII.-The Nicaraguan Treaty. By Frederick J. Haskin 'Man. gtai Nl ittragiiit.--Julist nloW the ole'it (Iof Nicirlaguta lre inuclt'h Inter oetedi in the outcoimeo of the conblder atlion of the Nicaraguatn treaty In the Unitted i tultes senate. The Nictaraguar 'people, after the end of th.e Zelaya t'regime, found theslll elve 111n Sh aI a filllnancial situlation thllalt tllhey could not Inept the nllterest ton their bondal. They hdtl defaulted on the illterest oni tleir foreign loabns and lnllltlleralble Internal ind ex ternal claims against the gov crnlent were 'brought ulp. In this lstualtilln they were absolutely unlble to meet their otbligations without out sllho help,. TIIey might patronlze tltp mnoney-lenldersI, .iuit the rliks involvedl were so gretat thtat thie mloney-lenders would not advanlcce imorie oniey except all the ,llmot usurIllrlls rates--rates which woulld I'have Inlmae It even more litlposslble to Iinot their Interest ct'lllrge In tlre fltulre thalll It was to Imeett the tll thiet. Iikewlmse, the cI'Iurrency probletm hlad grown to lliproportiolln whi'tileh made It allmost hopeless, I11 yea.rs gone by, onl dlolhir tof Nlicaragunill Itmoney wia worth labo I t t9 celtIs, Anlerlian. (iraldually tlh fthitanelal conditlon of thle omililItry grew worse liand worse lluntlI 11 dollar NIcaraguan wasI worth only ii li ttle more, than four cents. Peoplll whoi (iowed debts, baedl on for ilir rates of exchange, ettld force theilh creditolrs to take a dollar worth four cents in satllfaction of a debt which had boen contracted utpon the hasul of a dollar worth tip to 19 cents. Havllg no other way to escape from a situatilon that could mIeon little else than eontlnuled revolutio arid con stant danger of outsideo pressilre, Nicaragua threw Itself upon the mercles of the United States and agreed that It would lie willing to give to the United States practical control of the oustomt houses of the country, If Uncle Barn In turn would administer them after the annner of the customs Itlnlilrltt oi I qtnt9q D.p9ino, The treaty agreed to by Nicaragua is even more simple In character thant that with .anto Domingo. After a recitation of the facts of the coun try's plight, telling of the 17 years or administrative abuses, Involving Illegal diversion of public property and revenue, thll ccumulation of debts anld claims, nlid the existence of ruinous and disputed concessions, Nicaragua declared its willingness to enter Into ai convention with the United States, providing for the re ,uending of its debts, the adjustment and settlement of claims against it, and the placing of Its finances %upoh a sopnd and stable basis. It agreed that the loan thus negotiated should be secured by the customs revenues of Nicaragua, and that it would not alter Its duties, or other charges affecting the entry, exit, or transit of goods dur ing the existence of the loan without consultation and nareement with tile Ulnlted Mtates. It also agreed that during the term of tile loan a collector general of eustomls, similar to the one in Santo Dollllngo, should be ap Imionted subject to tile approval of tile president of the United States and that he should have the full prbtection of both, governiments in the discharge of his duties. The Nicaraguan government api. proved the truaty a year ago. Since that time it has been pending In the senate of the United States. The Nicaraguan government is watching the situutlin In Wishington very closely and Is constantly hoping that the desired action by the.senate may be brought about. It must be said that there is a faction in Nicaragua which opposes the loan. This is the liberal party- the party of Zelaya-.. though it now repudiates any lingelln friendship for 1t41l3leds leader. To ibIr~I~.I proless to' believe that it, under the treaty, the. proposed *15,000,000 should byp ma40e avtilhle tor thie liquildttiop of of ingot improve weald be 4 t Wetdndaio ltf( of ecured from it by the~ In power, and that very mnt* c. 1 w~ot ditveteGd from its t..I ttgltE ends, Whether thise susplicton is founded upon the IJleratl arty's .iowri reord undet' Ueliyya or upaon ether grounds, It probably s1 true that un less adequate safeguards are provided, there would be a diversion of funds from their proper channels. The state department believes, however, that it can tall~ such steps as will overcome this natural tendency of the ruling lasses In these countrids. In the belief that, the treaty eventually will be ratified b . the United States senate. a temporary loan of $1,500,000, with a seibequent addi, tional loan of $7?0,000 for taking care of the pressing obligations of the eobttry and the improvement of the currency, has been negotiated with the firms of Brown brothers, and J. and W. Seligman company. The Nicaraguan government con sented to a plan placing Clifford D. Ham, former collector of the port of MIahlla, In charge of the customs col lection of the country, pending the ratlfication of the treaty by the United Stutes. Under his admninistra-* tion the receipts of customs have In creased from $15,000 to $70,000 per month. Under this temporary agree ment a part of the funds received are being used to put the currency upon a stable basis. It is the Intention of the government to buy in 5,.000,000 worth of the Nicarnguan unsecured paper money at 123 to 1. It Is intended, after that, to set aside a large reserve fund, out of which outstanding paper money will be redeemed upon this basis. This will permit the develop. ment of a stable currency, and while it will result In a large profit to those who hold big quantitles of Nicaraguan paper secured when the exchange was 23 to 1, yet it is about the only way out of the difficulty. Another step In the direction of better finances in Nicaragua has been the organization of a bank, under the laws of the,state of Connectleut, 51 per cent of whose stock will be owned by Brown birothers and the Beligsmaos. Nicaragua bhas reserved ,the right to acquire a ceriain percentage of tihe stock of the new bank whenever it desires. 1'his bank will be a bank of Issue, the government granting it the privilege of Issuing bank notes properly secured. A new gold coin has been estab lished as the real unit of value here. after to he maintained in Nicaragula. It will be exactly equivalent to one dollar, American gold, and will be called the "Cordoba" In .honor of one of the national heroes. If the pending treaty is ratified by the United States senate, the whole contract which It will make effective provides for $15,000,000, the bonds to be taken by the bankers at 90a, and bearing 5 per cent interest. The ex ternal debt of Nicaragua, with Interest in arrears, amounted, on January 1, to nearly $6,500,000. In 1900'there were a large number of outstanding obliga tions,, which were consolidated in a single loan negotiated with the Ethel burga syndicate. It is now proposed that, If the present pending loan goes through these bonds will be reduced front 100 pounds sterling each, to 85 pounds each, and that the rate of in terest will remain as It is today, at 6 per cent. It is also proposed that if they are reedeemed by ;unuary 1, :922, It tmay be dolte on thI' t:l.ri, -f Sl pounds for each 100 pounds bond, with accrued Interest. In addition to the approximately $6.500,000 of foreign debt, there are in ternal claims amounting to probably $5,000,000, which will be passed upon by a mixed commission, consisting of two Americans and a Nicaraguan. This com',mission will pass upon all an nullments, cancellations, and modifiea. tiotns of concesslons granted undeo previous administrations., some ofe which have no reason to be continued; ,nd still others of which are Indus trially improper. This commission will also adjust all claims, arising out of the last revolution, for forced loans tand injuries resulting from the ac tivities of the belligerents, yet if .the FOR ALL MEN AND. WOMEN I will give you free a sample of Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets, that have brought health and happiness to thousands-also a book on any chronic disease you need. The story of my free offer to you is quickly told. During my many years of practice I have used numerous combinations of curative medicines for liver ills. I hive kept, records of yesults in case after case, so that my staff of physicians and surgeons, at the Invalids' Hotel, Buffalo, N. Y., are able to diagnose and treat cases at a distance with uniform good results. I am going to send you free a sample package of Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets, which will relieve biliousness and ill health due to a disordered liver. Write 'at once for a sample or a book. But for the pernauemm relief of blood disorders and impurities, I can re'commend my "Goldea Modl al Dlaeov ey"--a blood medicine without alcoho.--R. V. PisacI, M. D., Bufalo, N. Y. Nature's IWay Is The Best. Buried deep I. our Amwerl bra t we ad bloodroot, quemn' root, mandrebk and stone root, golden mel, Oreoo aCrpo root and oeerrybek. Of these ID. R. V. Pier made a pure lyerlo eatreot whieb been es orlty know bora oer forty years. He celled it "GOLDEN MEDICAL DISCOVBRY."' This "Di.overy" prulie the blood mid tones up the sta,h and the satire system a Nture's owe way. It's just the tisse builder and tooal you require. i Dr. Pierce .says:-" Glycerine plays an important 'part in Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery mn the cure of Indigestion, dyspepsia and weak stomach, attended by sour risings, heart. burn, foul breath, coated-tongue, poor appetite, awing feeling in stomach, biliousness and kindred derangements of the stomach, liver and owels. In coughs and hoarseness caused. by bronchial, throat and lung affections, except con. sumption, the "Golden Medical Disc er" is a most edicient remedy, especially in those obstnate, hang-on.coughs caused by irritaon and congestion of the bronchial mucous mem. branes. The Discovery" is not so good for acute coughs arisidg from sudden colds, nor must it be apte4 to cure consumption in its advanced st o medicine Will do that-but forall the otnate, chronic coughs, whac, if neglected, or y treated lard up to eonsump. tion, it is the best medicine that can be t4en." 1ld by ll, principal dealers In medielne. To Ond out ire about the ,Mentioned ' diseases and sit about the body in health - 4 7sjrI P 4?fhter M hlehis mm~ti~liiI / 4. A Motorcycle Worth While IF YOU WILL CALL AT OUR STORE WE WILL BE PLEASED TO DEMON. STRATE THE SUPERIOR QUALITIES OF THE FLYING MERKLE J. P. REINHARD HARDWARE BICYCLE REPAIRING 104 West Main loan does not go through, its awards cannot be met, by the government. A part of the proposed $15,000,00o loan will be used for the building of a railroad from Lake Nicaragua to the east coast, either in the vicinity of Rilueflelds, Monkey Point or Ransa. This railroad would open up a new transcontlnental highway, traversing districts rich in mines and banana lands. An English syndicate, now operating a railroad on the Paclfic slope, is anxious to build the Atlantic extension in order to secure control of the transcontinental connections, but Nicaragua prefers to have the line built and controlled by American capital. The reason the administration In Washlngton is so anxious that the Nicaraguan treaty shall be ratified, is that It will .give to the United States such a control orv r the affairs of this revolutionary repubulic that its warring factions will not he able to continue the endlesa procession of revolutions and counter revolutions. It is confidently asserted that the segregation of the customs ",elpts cf the country from the sp ills of war will make it next to imi,rhsible for revolutions to flourish. Those who oppose the measure say that the treaty leads in the dlrectl in of foreign entanglements. They regard it as a sort of guarantee of loan mInade to these governments by the government of the United States. ITh' friends of the measure, on the other hand, assert that the treaty will very much lessen the danger of foreign conplications and that it will not entail any rn. sponsibilities on the part of the Unit ed states that are not now in exist ence. Tomorrow-Caribbean Politics. XIV. -Political Quarrels In Nicaragua. MYSTERY OF WARER IS COMPIATEO NOW Spokane, .May 19.--The mystery sur rounding the disappearance of Antone Warger, a well-to-do landscape gap. dener, aged 06 years, and later the recovery of his body from the Spokane river, was deepened today whlen the body of another man was taken from Long take, Into which the Spokane river flows. The body recovered to day was that of a man younger than Warger and in the pockets of the clothing were bank books and deposit slips bearlng the name of Warger. The body found today has not been identified. Detectives are of the opin ion that Warger was lured to the river bank and robbed and then engaged in. a fight with his assailant and both fell into the river and were drowned. The heads of both corpses Indicated that they had been battered. PRESBSYTtRIANS PREACH. Spokane, May 19.-Members of the general committee on missions of the United Presbyterian church of North America occuploed the pulpits of 8po kano churches at the services today. The commnittee will be In session to morrow and part of Tuesday, when It is expected the work will be com pleted and ready for report to the gva,. eral assembly at Seattle. There still remain a large number of applications for aid to be considered.