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1-1 lip,1:F:. ~ i3~2$~~ i ~ ·: · s v6- - ;R~~l~~ k Waftls, Pkid( g and (A relate w11t' e pid; heard in j tthe. Toer of ý d thap:ee'otild uhnfpl' t at wbioh have nevel lotad trhy. wr y into hlstory or been .pres.t'. 'even as triditfons. Y eFnoukh tias romi4o us of, thIs, ptrion 4 fxecilion, Place 4t nrIillty i6tw' iolty to crexa'eIte irrelsitible titblre to visit It and in, quil e ito the ambitions and. Jeolusiles, the; plts and; tre4ons which tound thqlSir" ' , ntr ,,M tp aln ted : upart ; thS fatal blooek, the spot of which is still msried' in the courtyard. The tower, which stands on th' ba.sk. ofr, the Thames, was at one time $a ;anolast .ortress. Its present *."external, appearanc is very unlike "'.Wliat it originally was, as no f-trttes of the same age has undergone such a trantformation, for it is now cgiq posed- ot san .'regular mass of build lIg's whicdl, isave been erected at va '' rioU. '.oid surrutnded by a. bat tlemented wall and a deep moat which was drained about 70 " years ago. The plan is in the form of an irregular pentagon, the whole fortrst covkhM g tabout thirteen acres. The tower originated with Wi)llam the '4oigulefor, and. tWe oldest part of Ithe Iprtres, the' White tower, waq .begun in, 1078 and was' erected on a :rteh previously occupled by two 4bas- 1 tlons built by King Alfred hr 88i, and s saidd to owe its name to the fact that it was whitewashed. The outer ,'Walls of the White tower are about 1 fifteen feet thlek. Its basement is a t prfect chanber of horrors, for it has ,a number of underground cells whiche ,were used to house, political prison- 4 wrs. One historian describes thoem as a 'unfit for dog kennels and as a dis. c grace to England." One of them was I ki~own as "Little 'mase." ironically so called ibecause It was the vilest prison a hi all Ebro e. "leIng so constructed f that the ooccrj nf could neither stand c ar.lghlt nor lie t, fai. length or even t eraWwl abou. ' A pipe connected the ,l uh.ttly place with the moat and dur- f thig hth tide the unhappy prisoner e ;*bo 'Was lodged there .was half r dlbwned or devoured by the hungry t rats driven into the cell by high ,rtter, 'Many polftical prisoners are a Skfd to have obeen' "re'moved" by this UNIVERSITY OF MONTANA TO HAVE REAL BIOLOGICAL STATION ON FLATHEAD d,, t . lFior the past three seasons litle work it t Jilniii b4een done at the UnJi Verduty of Montana blOiogleal station, owlningto the S.tt that the station was exitneIots,, bl.could not be lon.ld. shall 4#ll0 ,4i Said 4 the Mouth'-bf 1wan 0Vo vJau"t %o rtha sQl'hure l t 'lathead lake, was glvet, free for a teriod of six Ysars by 18, L. "liter apd i mall outdoor 4ual4ln#qfrýcted thbet 0n; A g;asoline Inuui'h,4d'* tat,.tet. ud4 other neepsary p a pparatus conmb lt.ed .the Material preparations for hrk, a.L O this,!belng burclhaed and h e ted through qontr-l t , stas n itblshed the ' t isy 'tl wilderness of. woods and pruaires. Ue ittle bIilding, op the bank, of Yan river at .he foof of the roaring lldes, was in the primeval forest, with two log houses in the violn ty, 'uor instead of six yt the unlldtriu s used sas.,aUnmrfii. Tl forest. out. A t.own ' i t. ~e T.t#i of the Ieda Who for it yers ..annatessmaYptae, 4 w* in llxrlýAMi~ CLý'tttwy Urli ' Srr J~-e j-4 means. for If le(t to "soak" Ifn "Little Ease" for a few days death was oer tat! and the body could he quietly removed at night. Guy Fawkes, of the Gunpowder Plat fame, spent his last days in this lditAhsume prison. Nearby "Little Ease" is the larger eell1,whefe. during the reign of Cing Johntseveral hundred Jews, men and women and children, were imprisoned until they ransomed themselves by paying large sums of money to this tyrant or told, where their hiddre Jew els were to be found. Tradition tells us that Sir Walter Raleigh occupled a cell In the White tower for 14 years, and during that time wrote bl.. llistry of the World. lHe also distilled ,medical cor dials. (Close to the Rltaleigh prlson was a large, vaulted sem-mlpubsterranean cell used ft.r housing the rack and all Its horribleo pecompaniments such as thuml screwn? stocks, etc. The thick tess of the walls nmade It Ihlusshlbio for even the prisoners in the next oell to hear the cries of the poor crea turee who went Into this awful cham her. The general putllie is excluded from this section of the tower, but it can be visited by getting a specalA permit from the constable of the tower. Tihe upper rooms in White tower are at present used for housing a col lection of old armor-interesting rel land when the Flathead reservation was thiownd fpett for settliment. This was selected in three tracts on F14t head. lake, 40 acres on idlewilde Island, 40 acres Pn Wild Horse Island, and 80 acres ou Yeilewbay on the east shore of the lae.41 While there was plenty "of room W rn people might cawp, the station ~ie *ithout" a tiullding ad without funds for tihe construction o- a 4it4ing. ,; 191U the leglslature of the state apliopriated $5,000 for the "Construbt ion of a Biological Btation." The state board of .examiners, fulfilling thtir duties as prescribed by the law, detqr mined that the legaseatpre appropria tioln gr, iy .ec id .the state's I--' come. Among other appropriations thqt for the biological station wa teoporarily witheld. Later the sum of $2,000 was released, and the loal exeoutive committee of the univeraity waM emPw redt erect the bulidlAg. tei felt that the amount 8 i~lat ,for the 'iproer con, o a bruildlng and the equip nI)l$ of a station, ,,tnd nothing; 1~eleed by the a board of exrntinl re IAt4 plalns w.r nmmedllaely Eor.nmulat# tof Fi devrdo meswt alhe tract at Yellow baty I tle showing the armor used at dif ferent periods throughout Europe. The finest suit Inl the ctl,teefton is onte made by attse-nhnfer at Augsburg and presented In 1614 by the FnEmperor Maximilian to Henry VIII. On the horse armor are panels with scenes from the life of St. George, white roses and pomegranates, emblems of Henry and Kaitherinle of Aragon, are used extetnsively in the deceratlons. There is another suit oif magnifkt*ent armur also belotging to Henry VIII wlhieh is datnascined with gold., The splendid lthorse armor us*nl lby Hobert Dudley, thie IFart of Leicester, Is also showln. There ia It unique mounted figure ,of James II, showing the equip ment ,of that period from Jack-4boots to the Iltt· scarf.. In what is known as the banqueting hall one findtls the cloak which U.netr'al Wolf wore when he dhtd at the battie of ltetlee, and thae coronation rotbes used aby the late King idward VII itad Queent Aletxaln dra. At the far end of the room a few Instrumenlts of torture are dis played, and the actual 4,lock andaxo which were used at, the last execu tion-that of Lord Lovat, Who, with several co-conspiratrs. was darcapt tated for participation ita tlh Jacobite rebellion in 1746. Inl another roomt there is ant interesting equestrian fig ure tof Queen ilizatbeth on her way to 8t. Paul's to give thanks for tile de Meanwhile, ' tle summers passing were llnpruved by work in other por tions, two seasons being spent in Gla cler National park. Brief report on dthl world will be given a little later. At the present .writing the plans for tire blolog.cit station have been par tially devetlped1. The building to-be constructed will be two stories. It will be built of brlck, with hth.gle roof, cemdnt'floor' on the ground floor the upstairs dlylted into rooms, andti h other respects will I46 well . dapted to the work to ate carr'ed on. The bulla iqg will .be s~e4tcd on the shore of the \ake, above hl., water mark, among bilg,yellow pltey.t, undreds of years old A boat 10 feet long and t feet beam, with 12-borsepower engine, has been ordered for the usd of the people at the station. Thie Yellow bay site has a perfect harbor,. w9th a gravelly bank and Jlr.aptly. deep )wpter. A promontory some 00, feet high gives a view over the entire lake.. A mountaln stream furnishes abundance of 'pue, ab r aoel water for, h~k.ng Ipsrposes. The .assio. ranglinaf snoaattalps comes a n aruptlgiyt the water's edge, twering e.P4r g zplve above the level of tite lakeli There is a, wagon road fro* the statltm·site to the upper end QC..uj lb &i a: , I*r J TTlse 9QoUwt1 struotion @ot thel tpanish armada. Somehow, thte whohe e'olection, while interesting In a way, Is depressing and savors of the grueasn-encess of the tuW er In general. OCut.ide' there is a col lection of old cannoni of various pe rtods. There are 1, towers of the Inner ward-all of which were used as prisons to incare.,rat, nso many nuted personages of English history, and th(I names of them arl Idllissoltubly anro elated with laitn:,; darlk aiand painfulf memories. It Was inl tihe IBloody tow er that the ions ,if lcdiward IV were murdered by order ,f Richard Ill; In the Bell towel the 'lnl'cee'ss ICallbheth was confined bly tier sister, Quteen Mary; llAdy Y.a i (irey was lmprisoned buoth in the ".ifk ll, l BnTeauchallnip towers, as Wa* Ihler husband, I~ord Julilford Dudley. 'Tl' Duke of t'lar nltce was drownlgd whil. it prisociner In the. Bowyer tower, and ItHenry VI la said to have beenll mlurdered in tile Wakefield tower The 13eauch't~jt tower was bult by Edward tIl, ElRM In perhaps the mosw Interteting* of alRL these prisons. It takes its. nanme from Thomas de Beau champ, third Earl if Warwick, who wall for a tunllle mpric)soned there, built who has evenltually reinslltated in lins honors ,By Ilenry IV. It was used as a prison isa early us 1462, and has been the cell re.ti of scores of peo eontionieltii*r orf I'lathead county will spend $1 ,ioil this suImuner in coln lt'ucting ni1 :.itiuobiilet road along the 'Lut shlre o-f ' Ihe lake. This will pasI. through the slnition grounds. A force.' o, 60 e'oll\'its (. flow at work on tIlhe construct'llol. The road will he co'u ple'ted by uitiimian of this y.'ar. ()wing to t11h n-cesl.ary slowlnetu of th(e woflk of *,re'ting it li;lding aLnd placing eqipmltllllt, no extexnsive adtl vertlinlig ws dlone looknl r Itoward it tendance the. coming eLnaon, Njever thelesh, i nutlmlh'r of persons have sig nilied intention of being present, and th0e prohaldllitis a.eP that tlhe selsion w.ll hi a go.oI one for the station. O(lt of th. Illlmortant duties to be I performed tIIhe mlitng nessluol li to get the building, grounds and eqnullment In good shtl.,r fvr perma'lent future work. The loetiolln Is adlnTrahle. There is much to hbe doie in making the phlaes a permlanllent Ilbotde, such ut clearing brush, trinnringl trees, mak lg iwalks, coiducting water to tte building, ierie tion uTf a bouat Ihole for enrilng for ltI boats, nuklll Igllices for tents, prtpar Ing for means of cooking and Ilving, and suclh' lulor. All this cLIn e r ranlged (th co',lllg season. In the flu ture studentsi al the station e('L beh caLd(d for wlthlult specull effort and wor~y, as must of necessity hte the case th:i setasn. A Remttd Site, The stiullon Illte hi remote from town or villngle, Poi')nsll and B.itork being aboutl equldistahit, 17 miles. Thi Is but a short distance by boat. Supplies of all kinds may be easily secured. Less than a half' mile away there is a large fru:t farm, tOm whlodn fruit and vegetables may be had, Across the bay tp the south the government town site has been laid out and re served, but nlothlng has been lone to ward developing a town. This will come later. The land along the entire Ilce shore is wooded, While the sta tion is soumew;int isolated, this very Isolation will tmake it a dtlsrable place to vsitt, The conveltionallty of the town and city Is removed. At the name, time towns are within easy reach fibr supplles and mniatelral. I.teson, Work. Accordlng to th* plane ror the com Ing season the wbjl~ of the station will ttegit June 1I aldd continue six weeks, P. M. hiLloway, now of Vir dn, Ili., formqrly Of Lowls&own, Mont.. who has made a gIcllty of b:rds of Montana, will be present and give work In ornitholo*Y. ,WIe Gertrude Norton of Salt Lake City, who has spent several stasotmU at the station, will be present and. lBook after the .#s4j 'of womaen. :sl not likely that the building wIli ,ls4y ftar',tae this season, The wa*4ýwIU ,becsr ;qi on in 9sn$g or.4n opai i Wod st4uotutses . During the sumlmer of lAtt a month was spbnt In tl* G la. ter ational park Ua u4 tuat'd 9 .Uhe. I*t oL..the pie well known In hIi1tour·y. Mitr ' of thes.. uufiirtunoiic n bai.' tihrv.. thetir namesnl on Its T(.1.0. Wit ItS, 11111d Ih IiltI ncripfio11 at... is study IIn l theIIlv'Ies41 Over the firi'plave Is one--a n autu graph of L.4,l~ Arielide , daited June a:!, tried at We,'t>wtlnst,.r :1an(d imnprinoned for many y, ore, his e-rini.. IWinig 111. exprssio of oy at erilt' tht th $punaIlAh arnitiI'I had m::t mill' fur I'. wunt "J0111. T1 a lii ithe is supposd 14. re fir to Iainy Jaitu.i (Irey. 1114 t., buys. I iiltfuird IiaiIliy An inther Intierest log Iliscriptliin Iis in t he foirtii if tiiit okiik trot. WitJ~tl tlº(P 1nlll nls "lit. D" nhu ne )r httdedviri Ii 41c ript ion s are h, tlii Nt(,ry InI a fewt w.."idp of liie IIuv I han iiipti sity wvhichIit snal . ve ny } wiords cut In 111t.n b'env rme suled w(11m141 iStlIly IIln iIi~t of the crlme With whItrh they were (114 rge.i. Ttle %Vak.Vi.I.I 1414111 Is n1ow llrqil na a va(ulIt fir Ihi iriiwlu Jiwel. cuIeIt here sini. I41 sure1 ti fiud iiemiibers oi nitl'ic (,ne. 't'here Is the t'ts ilhlllll(· di( npI1))d, It..' illllerlaI 1 lans., \\·it its 1" ·' ·.· , k. r THi STATION'S BOAT LANDING AT YILLOW BAY pork with refe'rence to tlhlr uvuulo. Wlitty to prt'Iuce rish. Mauy of 11, iakes are full ol filh, IIIUmIy hiovt' noun at till. Nothing wua rIecworited relatlvu to their tftg uilt ad li. 'This w"ork Wat madet posetlte tillt' ui a cI houg - tion froiti ex-Htnrratir Williurn A. (.'luc'k. T'hsu ilivet'tigntltnitt 'wtre he guni In 191(0, the ixiulitene liktwise bte Ing takuen care of through cortribu tlon rromu thet stuio ourer. As a rtolt ,I1' thls sl tudy Ihrie I':i rert, have kIei pIretpred, Two r Itewmi Yultve been prinuited In the TrhiHsuot unOl of the Milerottiol, Ic 9locloty, the third hua ten recently Issuied Iby thIu DIe partmtent of lthe Interior jt a bulle tin. The ' eolleetlLIInlv have ),cen depositedr~~ at the Iulnverlsity, They incluie niot only the rni'cro.-orpnintimn Ifrorn the Jbke, b~ut alswo the · colllectlorls or plumstr Ilucccta and otther epicru~moue.u in 1910 Proi! 1. .. Kltrkwooid of tiui Uniuershty, and MlYreuI. W. Jonett or SaiL Lut ko City, ahsisted. WitbJ Gba ýuter pork Inwestlttittlunt Thu 'forinm ,as uunigaed In the study (If fo(ttttry, the letter In the colacllUon of botaultot spoolamsns An.,. i'ehiwr · it Prbfesot r . J. Elrod starts urlYr 'sn thie wtiek for the station. He wit be , cmpieled by (J4wrj Y.w, who ,a-trrA r- A v --1A .;a. ,of It lrlre.t g.tglis, $1. fidw ird's anti the hl i ge rbl y, aii tiid o hiet i lieen plm.i'nlltll by I 'llter, King of ca' tile, t,+ di %lward the, itlai'k Prince All thli sw ori , st'."t te +rl 'l., urh <, ere'., II ie''JAe tile Si rll e tl ili . i I l E ilalin I Ill llnarhl t ii t iiir ,1 xlhitltlh nt, Whilt. tlhe plfce', hill, al i p)i Ihirt-u w ll gulr.led, t Is W IIt kiilownl that ati thu litiiu of the reilt noiin.lt f l i t.li attr llpted tio tteal th I tisy, .rt' li ,mst dhiin1ulnhcd: Tll~itl tllslnrir oh ilt'Il battllutnl AUtlt btl'yIIn itpnd ril ner ', and atry nally ratulon c I lii -tiimwill kiiti.wf li Ilced Reao'lI the ,airtlwa i of the toweray terate her wa lilt Ill Ila Ilvrel Iln lil lllnti appwlain th rut helr arkn, 1tween hr dthe bat tand thr. the i i'!,!. Il li t ,'I'i i l p •f lts n illIlt rlf i. lh lapv Il i llltri'u i O in rWilt)i w etrted eill their trout Is in the towerl Katherine blow, ard and LadI t vIvly tJAne (trey, are the most dtxtingluished.: 'it historyl of th bautifulll Ant til wiyn, and sf Kingl lHenry' ilnfatuation fur heri, 11i to weII known to i, edtil repeti h it here, Ii tisi It Ito I. y that her life in the lowier, i'er pathetill appteals to Fee thls kling, alild her deat*h at the handsL o1f the li'renh '"xeeutionerll, wlho severeld her Ilt.d flrom her i xtl y with i singlel blow0 are hlolight vividly to It~he mindll of the vi..r to thi tower, for the spot fill whll'h site mt har hellthl illl mtuld off in the, cfurtylarl, lady June trfey, 1t.l, went. 1o IIthe aLIme is ) -It a fl l tl m -li ngi liltIe omen w hio w ere ldrugtting the haidnlles IMuly if hler, hli l lntul I lIn i a artl, flt l.nort ini l ltord Mistilly wai 1 I thended till ' ,I'wer hill, a fc,%w Illlell Ifre ludy Jlllllune went toI ht-el r ll lIvl ,ll Imu ahilh,- nllth ine H Iwnrd afro, tir, fi r, it r w}l ¢ twd. WIhi exeii Iloti, , ill K tlish hiitlry The aged i untlll M if KI itiftbury, wtli refi*ed to runtwdil arIunt the tIwer yaurd with her while klirl*wing in the wllil until4,11 i iwn di wni by Othai execut rhi r's axe, i| another tragedy iof thih griml old foIrtresii . Trh*. Itltiho of Rtlitestr, Illl lul shim exetited, the MHrt l ll !iurrey, the ,lil ilr of ICHM.A and J11m1en09, ilke if Mlltnmenth, are only it few of the distnllgKilshed iin who were sint ti their d1 hs.l y Ii .yrannhail rules. 'lThli tower hai several 'nit rilos, njl the contract fur the constructloun .r the bulllling. Work will be pulished ripdly, aIid it is explette4 to have the building contpleted in U0 days. rffortis are being rnule to have the state fish hiatchetry locateld at the Lta. tion groulnds. Thl'e statle ulrei'ay owns 80 acorts, with It fine hlrbor, a, atl bin dance of water and plenlty of WnOO1 With the bilooghlal station close at hand there Is ample opportunity for In'c Lto .e:stl the other. 'Th stattltoi buildingII will serve as i laboratory, otne boat will do rfr both purposes, the grounds can be fitted up in better style and Ilmuchi better results can be had ilt both sldes. ''The station peo ple will be igriatly Interested lrf thie work of the hatichery. The cunpletion of tlhe new road atlong the lake will maku both Pulson and .Bllfork easily reachelid by 'olad, "whilet by bout any point on the lake may be reached in a short .ln.. The fry oanhbe transport eil eally to the railroad by boat. No better site can be fojund. fr a hatchery tltln at te station irounds at Yellow buy, Now that the station is to have a purinhinent, home there 1i no reason why a Koo4 sumuprer silentlfic camp, devoted to tu.. and` resea;oh, will not rapidly 44Y QIO.: (lidt'" its liii ibte known It iti i~ator It s unde,'r $1. Thoinmia' tuts i'. ut I 1.1 61t r. .i N i~t., srifig tng'I fr~el ti ta"untl p~t''iers, w'It lvat fronIt the 1.tit~ ~r the ' t~allk rltaYr.t.,wVihjl' e cltl L;,ale. r I.1n a, r 'I tilgil. I.' rut ulnIn nii ery *' iil,'} Igiligi'.' with lbs ssrgeauiii - ward,'l' ' ho.rd luI t ill- use revers es Itl·~ wg; i tf higtdiUM i t iii'l ' tg'Yl v i%'.,. I' I t uugt ,' & tigg'' theyii .'.'lnil ba Itil ii tubint. digai II wgi; sit l.th lop 1, there 1)11t Iv Ikl? S t, 'I'lruhat e tame. S1tg grIt bu' h1is .t Iglht,"r. M:.rtir I srurn I' As tn'r b'tniii, wgi Ind uy tho Ihipliiir a1el.' gi nighi, fl r i It ig tlii tlu uuII the guard" taut, ('11140 19 jr dnr li~rinui tilonit him itiuk, 4ut'gginl fir hi'. his.'iigi. It W su. Ip thalggig itttps,. to,., that tii linke iof Buckiwftghamn camse, ftciiliiw,'t lby iiie' ii.rgu'ia - wgrdier wit'g tin aigit rerse''pud. I' igrilde, *i deed, -are igthe giglgir I'· tot *Ig~g Igl.gi'tg lg IgggI og towi'A A prlirs. Iut it Ist ix hun- I3' s uhuow piai, a Hi'uln for artiuir andi a salie vault of the' g'rown J.'wtels. It c'g be' visiteud for a .uhillini. Hiunidre'ds of'. iourists qo iit fnd oi ifor its igates evIry day: many 'if tlgium giving Ilfiii' ilh'ugght ti thus ill'.gdii'i i''l'l svee high hutivi. beeni inc'ntu'I within itiii waggii. It nly stli as tliie Veom eIiit. f tii' tliirg tars knuown. TheIiu'i ehi tf .tl.'i tt is 'I e tvii 1,tnhc, e ofl the lowe r", sadrr, rl In the.etde .hgi3s hei wags iiugru'gg.' within, I it jire. i'iln'ts if th. t tig' The''otl'ii'igl thr. iL Iil' iuiis'gi, iig ithe ggs .ini tt,'iii' 'The inst ntipt i.' '.ft ji. IuWi' i S1'20, iindi site ti.a'. liiii iggi not ii. ningI'' ti il'n si'ee tritstogil' 't' gigignty i.. jutin', tiogg will It fgi.'i"nigjgt. l' gver gif hiii. tory. tiringt coit Nroll.'5..ui' itare- Itx gr.'ut j&iwe.'g' npl jug inlltttngs'.iitigt Wgiiisi, lgg Iliki' fileg truigoii i of itig i'ittid hgugig gtaigilu it huts .'.a.ui.'.to tiilrrify us. angd we. lingegr tiriogni lb.' .'girl - yliri waitihiuig f'th' ttngr PNu, lu' iii. theiy Ilogve fromiit thgwer iii towegir, aind ittilu' toi thi. though~t l~iui g'uiigg li ogf thei T'he~ b:olovlval startln. b hould be used not onii a uau ta ila., rfur researab eond study, ont for studenits alnd tt'c(herW of the. statt, but Its work shoeuld bo eInlarged, ebnituld be* tie.. sturtieg itolit for a natural hlstory s'utr'y of Ille state. At the 4Otilflig ut'wNi. or tue iegislature an approprliationi hlloduld lha aikedi fort n6t t ertuccrlrlly I(lLlndetl ii. the univerplty aplralarlatlnc, to Ihe a led lIt Illaiuetulncing t he work Io Ite station and lit Iatkingit natulral his tory aurvey ot tilhe ltat'. Men af h gig attalnmnlLts mncy be hal for suluore work with IIodClrate exzpsrl, sietet' u change It re'roaultioi, and a few mconthit durIng the sttltlrer will pro. due cnough Imacterial fo'r ctudy' durlncg a large portilo or thle reIllllnliner of the Year. TliTit work shoulld I IIcabegu now, 'he rcqluaett rfor InformatIon oln oUr bIrchs, Idunts, hlciotm, fiesh andc other animal life, not tU mntioan the; it urlieu relatlve to ores, tq. , n ! oarIa, al-.,, Indleate it Oairy 4lh.t need at· sumett h:ig to give Rao g, the) reqhtuetsc. Acd thbaso r cwts tsta 4aIiy and monthly becamnlt g tncivh cuwac murouu., With the tna~j~erso i;N ý lafionw and the 41,0440 ft standards thce Inter eht, *Ab resources of the otete ii pmt h' #,P'