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THE DAILY MISSOULIAN
Publlshed Every Day in the Year. MISSOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. Missoula, Montana. Entered at the postoffice at Missoula, Montaana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance.) 'Dally, one month ..................... ........$0.75 Daily, three months ...................... 2.25 Daily, six m onths ............................ 4.00 Daily, one year . . ................ 8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell................110 Independent....510 MISSOULA OFFICE 129 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 221 Main Street, Hamilton, Mont. The nlissoulia n may be found on !sale at the following niewstanlds out :side of Montana: Chicago -C'licago Newspaper Agen (y, N. N. corner Clark and Madison streets. AlMiWneapolis--WVorld News Co., 219 North Fourth street. Salt Lak," City---MacfGillis & Lud w'ig San 1l.ranc:sen--1'nitetd News Agents. P'ortlantl-Consnlida ted News Co., Seventh and WVashington. Seattle-- Eckart's News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. O. W'hitnry. Spokane-Jamieson News. Co. raconma-Trego News Co., Ninth tand Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Mltssoulian is anxious to give tile best carrrier service; therefore, stil) seribers are requested to report faulty tdhlivery at once. In ordering paper change to new address, please give old address also. Mtoney orders and cheeks should be made payable to The Mlissoulian Publishing Company. TUt'JSDAY, D)E'.EMBSliE: 10, 1912. THE PHILHARMONIC. Thie Ihilharmonic society has dem onstrated once more the good which it does for this community. Its con cert last night was something worth wvlile. To those who know music it 'l as a demnlonstration of careful prep oration and of prpper conceprtion of musical subjects. To those who are lnot musical, the (cncert was an edtu et.tionltl influence. Good nlmusic is al S\ a s ]a htelrfill influence in a town. Tit., \\rk w\hich the Pthilharmllonic so ctrty has undertrlakn is of decilrded btnefit. Mlissoula is intdebted to those w\tt are so, earnestly carrying on thllis \lrk. WVe are promlised other con certs. It is good to know that the s, 'ielty's musicatl cru·paligtn is to tbe con RESERVED. Thorpe, champion athlete of the world ant it ftll-hhid n Ai(erieln In dtia, becamhe a center of attraction \wh(n he hal WV)I ()ldymllan honors at Stoickholm. N"w, he' has said that he, 'viii quit his e:lroer at l'arlisle, giving his reaso :isy i 111 Ilttr a lor ller el lof the lithh.lc t- z(. u1tI the lal rgo amountiI ) 1 inotri, ty lie les re eiveld," 'Pill dIl·patchi s iiily ih t Ii rl, e wi ll goI i-.i k I, his poplde. lhk l'avS, his c'1 legae life j st , l the lin i t .'ihere. hle Soullit, it , ,. c e t, g ,-.most n till 11. Is this a r Iltv rsal l it f' i'.or? Is it tinh tr ltlioill rIs r-v, of the, Indian, lnaini flIsting itself itt this giant in spite of Iduilcaton and cntI· :c t ithill i.ople? Is, it the tritunpil of Thorpe'1 Traial stoi CisI .i'er the il ndali vor iif t' l' Simii to lIpi ll ito him a ily t ll civilillza lion of th1, Witlle ill?. These " are itilstilis t1t hi, ii :l. , I.t t1 ifhy- ll l1 S iolr Ililt th11 arel) 1 e1 S toll Wtt hilch h:1ve din 'et tl .'tlilig i ~ol11 ll r lh l uans I llt' lh xul SI 5 iluli ll" 5h ' rl.Slilttl h. ifor the hed etv ti ll it,' the rod S ilan. l ill \i hillh l h t isu Ilegl . telctation iuose ttlade vu'ti l !n cie Itiz i Is o lliut of reserv t1in jil itl Carlis! the thei r disorid , Wthe 1t'e lli;.ln consists Manlyes of a ilnl.iat returni t, -h,+ mi d t epl li astI snt!b Is the! " (ll to, niake the tea ndlid. The adit issin a f Thorll"pe all]iears to priv( llh t he fails '.,mtlhltetly to ,grasp the idea of (dn.l. nio . 1', rh'l l,s, if he hod . grun leig trainimng to, kee w uld have studied his. ,-',sos an(ll Wold hlavo ained tran, fntlow scbyh as the the datling for he purp f mahave. ntain n the creitl e ,of this (,e shows that Thirpe, doesn't knot' what schools are for. Perhaps this cr,:ic is right. May be Thrpe suppose thatoped th pugain n-se ofr attending colh wolg is lmakearn some iing fro him bouietoks ad to returesn to When h gt to Carlisle, nd by the dapplicationvered that c ,.!uen)tion consists mainly of a mard nowleavor to make the teans aongd then of grueling training to keep a place on the team, followed by a course in to auling for the purpose of maintainl ing the preustlge of the team. Maybe Th to Carie, it gain ino formation which would make it possi ,le for him quietly to return to his people and, by the application of his knowledge to conditions among them, to uplift them soilally, commercially and industrially. If this was his idea when he went to carliale, it is not to it. wondt red at that he Is disappointed. lie finds tlht that t lory of a college education is identical with the glory which his people attained ages ago in the chase, in battle and in physical rivalry. Arriving at this conclusion, Thorpe fails to see wherein the college educa tion will do him the good which he expected to gain and he rqturns to his home. CONSERVATION. In the first six months of the pres ent year the number of births in France fell off about seven thousand, compared with the corresponding pe rinod of the year before. Yet, instead of an excess of deaths over births, amounting to more than eighteen thousand in 1911, there was a balance on the other side to tile amount of more than fourteen thousand, dlluring the first half of this year. This change was brought about by a de crease in the number of deaths during the six mlonths of almost forty thou sand. So, taking no account of emi gration, Frlance converted, a loss dur ing the first half of 1911 into a dis tinct gain in population during tile first half of 1912, through lowering the mnortality rate. What 'rance is accomplishing is a change common to all advanced coun tries. The question of conserving hu man resources has received careful consideration from European countries in particular. In more than one of these countries f lowering birth rate is offset by a decreasing death rate. The saving lof life, its preservation, is regarded as more important than an increasing birth rate. It means a vast decrease in pain and suffering; it con serves to the country its greatest asset. Holland has tile lowest death rate !1 the world. If France could attain this Holland rate, her gain in population would be three hundred thousand an nually, aside from the increase which comes from immigration out of the Al pine countries. Our own country is far behind some of the, European nations in this re spect. But there is an awakening and in the future with us, as with the na tions over the sea, human life will be much better guarded than it has ever been. Selnce and governulent are yielding to humane instincts which are constantly manifesting new force; they \\'ill unite to lessen the frightful waste of infant life and to preserve the adult lives which are now pIeriled by indus trial evils and social neglect. Nevada clehrgymen demnand a health certificate before they will perform a mnarriage ceremllony. I'p to this time the Nevada rc('llirellelplt hais been a di \ orce decree. Nor does there seen to be mlllch l-robahility that congress will find time to do Inuch of anything at this session. Everytling will be passed ul. to Doec. The Chicago mneetln tloday will be different from the Saturday metting in New York, not nlily ias to who is there but also as to whlat is done. You caIlt shop any ri'a'lie'r thaln to day and yoiii 'll 't sh pll lto ally llbette ll advantage thian with the nierhants who adlverlise in The M issoulian. Thiat Chiago woinll who i.lt Ithe court silo (in l lil n t live on $10,ts0 a yeair, shoul l he ompl.lled to try it at $10 a wi.' . for awhile. Notllie has K reiil sirveili upon ulu Itne I \'ilvonl thati the iiviorague diimocrat Is niol liti ial lippeed withll a few pack ages of gatrdl'lel seeds. With thli t le conlll feriience i ll o dlllon, the allies will hlaei friends ill tlhe ble i'hers and will 1et at least an evenl breaki i froli the umpllire. (G iv'r1iuIt (tltir;iniil 1of ieiigat II n S ''r= thI e h ith sti.Ot n .i , " t' do"h" I1 ,it Sinith g to chutrch?" le says Mrs. Smith is to blIonc. The rii isttlie, howeveril-l', ldos not bring it ce.ssation oif hostilities by the hlora r .isges; their activity con- tine.'s. 'There Is poetic justice, so to slipeak, in the application of Turkey for ad missiion tro a triprosed talkan league. _I- You can't do better folr Christmas shoppirng suiiggestions than to read The Missoulian advlivtising chllumils. Midero tn - find prayer effective iln fighting the rehels, butll e would bet ter not dishiind his army let. If Tiurkey is admintted to the Ballili leaglue, the otlher teamis will haive Io watch the salary limit. 'Til's day is Bull Moose day again in 'Chiigo. Soon every day will be Iull Moose day, all over. Illinis is determine.d to he listed as progressive and there are othler states going the same way. Of all the questions of war ilolley, the canteen problem continues to hold first place. As a record-breaker for attendance, the Archbald trial is ptroving a fizzle. December is showing that November has no nmortgage upon Indian summer. For those republicans who wish to become progressive the way is clear. Thle Missoultian class ad will relieve your cares. Give it a chance. This Is another great day In Chi tcao. PERbMANENT ORGANIZATION Today, in Chicago, progressive-party representatives fror all parts of the country will meet to discuss plans for per manent organizatiornand for the continuance of thk fight so well inaugurated this year-the fight against corporation control of politics and in behalf of the rights of the indi vidual. Saturday, there was a similar meeting held in New York by men who gathered to discuss ways and means for the rehabilitation of the republican party. The New York meeting reached the conclusion that there must be some thing wrong with a situation which alienates four million voters from ag established party. Having reached that conclusion, the meeting adjourned, no remedy suggesting itself or being suggested. We do not anticipate that the meeting in Chicago today will march up the hill and then march down, after the fash ion of the men who held the post-mortem examination of the republican party Saturday. The New York gathering had to do with a dead organization. The Chicago con ference will deal with a live, up-and-coming party and will discuss its future with the hope and confidence which are the outcome of honest convictions. Everywhere in the country, from Maine to California and from Michigan to Louisiana, reports have come of the organization' of progressive clubs, progressive leagues, pro gressive committees-all for the purpose of giving perma nence and vigor to the party whig was formed this year and which sprang at once into foremost place as represen tative of the rights of the people and of the liberties of the individual. The progressive spirit has taken hold of the people of the whole country-has taken hold with a grip that will last. The new party looms-already as a victor because its prin ciples are the principles upon which this government was founded and through which it must be restored to the peo ple. The result of the November election was to give the people new confidence in themselves to strengthen their be lief in the fundamental principles of our government, a be lief which had been shaken by the despotic domination of old-party politics by the corporations, known as Big Business. And so, from all parts of the country, men and women are gathering today in Chicago to prepare for the continu ance of the fight which has been so gloriously begun. They are assembling in the great city in which their party was born-inspired by the wonderful success of their initial campaign and urged to renewed effort by the already-evi dent fact that Big Business rests complacent in the consci ousness that its agents are yet in control of the reinfs of gov ernment. There will be no repitition in Chicago, today, of the per formance of the men who, last Saturday, attempted the resuscitation of the republican party, Out of the confer ence of today there will come a strengthened party organi zation, prepared to carry on the fight. Back of it will be the four millions of voters who made the fight this year and millions more who now realize that the progressive party has come to stay and that it represents the salvation of American institutions. Immigration I--Coming to America. By Frederic J. Haskin. Na loire imhportant or far-reaching question confronts the American lieo ple today than the problem of our present, Immigration. Each year ap proximantely a million, aliens-aliens in sleech, aliens in customs,. aliens in Ideals, though kindred In desire for opportunity to better their criditions, kindred in craving for freedi,) ,and kindred In the po~ssession of the spirit of amlbition-swa\rm toi our shores. Gu ided into prioper channels, sur roundetd by proper Influences, this alien hlrde may he transformlnd Into good A. merican citizens and made to constitute a great political an(d ecu nomIl asset to the nation. Fused into our national life in the melting pot of Americanization, and in the process of leaving tbehind the dross of (hld \'lrltl ways, It may become part and parcel of our lidy politic, devoted to Amlerlean traditions, espousing aur ideals, and filled with our own best aslpirations. iOn the other hand, left to foirtn it self into colonies which come into collntat only with the worst elemenlllt if our nativei popinllltion., reminvedl from thlie better Influenes of our national life, never lelarning our lan guage, never adloting our cuistmis, niever sensing oiur ideals, anid never catchilng the spirit of I(ur civilization, it mnitght bclnome ta plermanent soulrce: of lldanger to ouir politlical well-eing tinln a menace to tIhe very life of theli nation. The ch'aracter of our iiimmi gration has changed. Forlirly it cmli froli northwiestern EIurople, andi readily fused itself int(o our national life; today It crlones largely froml soulhern and eastern EuIropi, alnd it holds itself aloof, prefirring t colo niZ'c rather thanIIi to be iassimiltied. Ilow to o\'vercome this tlendhniie toi ward permanent separ.' li,' I. the great pIroblletl of Alnerii'ana immllllllia tiion. It is largely this phase of the qlu(stion which eeupllied the attein tion oif the I 'nited States Imrmigra ltion omllmlllissioln tluring its frour years of investigation. It will plrobably nlnstilutt' the sutbject of inmllortant legislation durilng the Wilson admin istration. iOnly 60 of the 93,000,000 of our pop '•lation can boast of a native pIarent age. The relaliinder are .foreigners of the children of foreigners. The iin migrant army Is received at the rate of $1,000,000 a year, and assuming, as congress has assumed, that it re quires five years to convert a foreigna er into an American, there being 60, 000,000 native Americans, it follows that every 12 natives must convert one foreigner into an American. It Is easy for 12 native American people to ex ert the Amerleanizing influences on one foreigner if they can get at him, but when he lives in a colony aloof from them it becomes a difficult task. And under such conditions Amer Ieatnization is not taking place as rapidlly as was hoped, so far as the jmlmigrant from ,outhern p4ni eastgr Europe is concerned. Uncle Sam long ago said that the alien might bIecolme a citizen in five years, and the immligrant from northwestern tEurope usually goes after his citizen shlip papers as soon as the time limit has expired. But not so with the im migrant from southern and eastern Europe. Precious little he cares about naturalization laws. To begin with, he (ldos not comeo to America to stay. 11i wants to make money and then go hack home to live in comparative affluence. And two-fifths of those Vtwho1 c1nle d(o go Iaclk home. They larlely exist while hern, and when they return home they have money enoulgh to make them Morgans 'and ]Hockefllers inl their native villages. 1.uta of those who stay, a surprisingly large nulmber care nothing for citizen ship. Statistics show that fully a third of those who have bceen here the necessary five years fail to take out citizenship papers. But, although the immigrant con stitut(es the great American problem, it is also a great American asset. The ln(luiries of the Immigration Comnmis sioln show what a tremendous factor he is and has been in orur indlstrial life. In the iron and steel industries he and his children contribute seven tenths of labor. In the slaughtering and meat ,packing industry they give three-foulrths of the labor 'required. Thiey (ld seventy per cent of the work in the bituminous coal mines, and nmarly three-fifths of that of the glass factories. Seven-eights of the labor in woolen and worsted manu facturing is colntributtfd by the im lmigrant and his childredi, and they produce nearly four-fifths of our silk goods, nearly nine-tenths of the cot ton- goods and nearly nineteen-twen tieths of the men's and woriien'scloth ing of the country. They make more than half of America's shoes, nearly f0our-fifths of its furniture. Half of the labor in mallking our collars, cuffs Iand shirts Is contriuted .by them, (and five-sixths of the work in the lea ther industry is placed to their credit. They make half of our gloves, refine nearly nine-tenths of our oil, and nearly nineteen-twentieths of our sllgar. Also theyI manufacture near ly half of our tobacco and cigars. There is room for considerable speculation as to what the effect of the war between the Balkan States and Turkey will be on the immigra tion of the immediate future. 'During the last decade we received nearly half a million immigrants romn the countries affected, 216,000 coming from Greece alone. Will the decima tion of the population through the present war and the expansion' of the territory of the several coulntrles through the conquest of the Allies re sult in a shifting of the tide of im migration from southern ui'ope to this new field? One may discover in the immigration figures for the years following the. conclusion of the several Europeran wars of the last half cen tury t (,gingi of s migratiopl In1 In Our Cothing Department From now until the Holidays we will give twenty (20) per cent dis iiint on all men's and young men's: suits and overcoats costing $15.00'or more. 'This is an unusual offer at this season of the year and every careful buyer should consider this store before buying his Christmas clothing. ' These suits and overcoats. are made by "Stein-Blo" ch," "The Vogue" and "Artcraft," three of the best. All of,the newest models and woolens, including blue and black serges; every garment in the department is marked plainly at regular price. Just take off the 20 per cent discount and you will have the best suit or overcoat you ever bought for the money. Special 'Holiday Sale Prices ii Regular $15.00 Suits or Overcoats now only $12.00 Regular $18.00 Suits or'Overcoats now only $14.40 Regular $20.00 Suits or Overcoats now only $16.00 Regular $22.50 Suits or Overcoats now only $18.00 Regular $25t00 Suits or Overcoats now only $20:00 Regular $30.00 Suits or Overcoats now only $24.00 Regular $32.50 Suits or Overcoats now only $26.00 Regular $35.00 Suits or Overcoats now only $28.00 THE GOLDEN RULE STORE Missoula's Popular Trading Center general and of that from affected territory in particular. hlut changes In America have been more influential than European fluctuations of ecomonic and other conditions upon the tide of immigra tion. We maly read the story of our panics and our wars, of' dur hard times and our prosperous eras, in the , rise and fall of the immigrant tide. As a sunshine recorder tells of the hours of sunshine and the hours of a clouded sky, so the immigration fig ures tell the story of the bright days of peace and prosperity and the dark days of panic, war, and industrial depression. It was not until after 1840 that our immnigration have even a hint of as sm.ming its present prolportions. In that year it was still below the hundred thousand mark, But by 1850, beckoned hither by the great expansion of the opening Middle West, its numblers were swelled to 369,000 in a single year. Then came the panic of 1857 and an era of depres sion blefore and after that saw the figures fall from 427,000 in 1854 to 118,000 in U1501. It began to recover in 18.0, but in ihe two years that fol lowed it fell to a point as low as that of the early forties. Then it behogan to recover again, and by the end of the war reached a quarter of a mil lion annually. Bhy 1872 it passed the 400,000 mark again, hut the hard times of the middle seventies forced the figures down from 457,000 In 1873' to 138,000 in 1878. By 1880 the stream had reached its high mark again, alid then set a new record in 1882, with 788,000. Then it fell off to 338,000 in 1886, rising again to 623,000 in 1892, and once more falling to 229,000 in 1898. Then it rose again by leaps and bounds until it touched the million mark in 1905 The panic for 1907 forced it down a half million, but in 1910 it recovered one-half of this loss. In 1911 it slipped back another quar ter of a million, standing then at 878,000. All of this proves that the real im pelliqg motlive of the immigrant who comes to America is to better his economic condition. Some say it is his love of liberty and freedom and his desire to escape oppression at home. But liberty and freedom were as much with us in 1909 when our immigration brought us only 751,000 souls as in 1907 when it brought us 1,285,000. Nor is there anything to shw\v that the countries of Europe placed any greater burdens upon the shoulders of their p,)ple in 1907 than in 1900, or that their economic condi tion was worse in 1907 than in. 1909. We know from our own experience how much bigger a salary of a hun dred dollars a month looks to the man in the rural districts than to his broth or who gets it in the city. To the. former it may appear to be all that a man could reasonably desire; . to the latter it does not begin to get him the things he got before he carnie to the city. When the people of southern and eastern Europe hear of wages of $1.50 a day it sounds great. We are told that in the Balkan states 50 per cent of the people suffer from want of food in winter. Some see here a permanent home, but more see an opportunity to gather together enough money to go back and live In comparative affluence in the' land of their birth. Tomorrow: Immigration. IL. The "Old" Immigrants. You will find that druggists every where speak well of Chamberlal}'s Cough Remedy. They know from long' experience in*the sale of it that in cases of coughs and colds it can al way be depended upon, and that Itits pleasant and safe to take. For stle by all 4~,q$q~,-- rv,. . NO POSTPONEMENT. Washington, Ioc. 9.-The supreme court declined today to postpone con sideration set for Jan. 6 of the con viction of Charles I. Helke, former sec rotary of the American Sugar Refining conpany, on charges of conspiracy to defraud the government out of sugar duties. "Just Say" HORLICK'S It Means Original and Genuine MALTED MILK The Food drink for All Ages. More healthful than Tea or Coffee. Agrees with the weakest digestion. Delicious, invigorating and nutritious. Rich milk, malted rai powder form. A quick lunch prepared in a minute Take no subtitute. Ak forHORLICK'S. Wn GOthers jra imitations. IRA SALSBURY Auto Service Ravalli to Poison Headquarters, St. Ignatius FRANK LATIMER is still on the RAVALLI-POLSON AUTO STAGE LINE. Headquarters POLSON, - MONTANA. AUTO STAGE RAVALLI TO POLSON Stevens-Duryea, 7-Passenger .oaurlng Car Making Daily 'trips.: JOE ROBERTS, Prop. Meets 41 West-bound, and 42 East bound. Careful- Drivers. AUTO STAGE RAVALLI TO POLSON Overland Car, Passengers from 41 in the morning and makes 42 in the evening. C-reful. Drivers. . J: N. T.TDEI) ,,y. Prp. --__________ - i AUTO LIVERY Any Place on the Resernation. Reasonable Rates. J. C. LUALLIN, Prop. Telephone Ravalli Hotel. Headquarters, Ravalli, Montana. R. G. HULL. Auto Srvice Ravajll, Montana. Daily trips across the reservatiQn. )irst-.class' service. C, a FOR THOSE H.NO LIVE BY You Can't Beat Our Coal Prices Quality or Service Rocky Fork Lump, per ton..$7.00 Bear Creek Lump,; per ton.... 7.50 Owl Creek Lump, per ton..98.25 Five tons or more delivered at one tifme, 25r per ton less. Nut coal at correspondingly low prices. Wb handle Anthracite Coal. Interstate Lumber Co. -Bell 106 Ind. 741 FOR RENT Furniphed, attractive six-room modern residence, hot water heat; near university and cars. Very de sirable. Will modify rental' for good tenants. Furnished cottage, four rooms, close in $18.00 PETTITT & OSBORNE. Bell phone 647, lid. 661 103 E. Cedar. MILL WOOD Cut stove length aid delivered, green, per load ......................... 3.75 Three or more loads to -one ad dress, each ................,............93.50 Dry, per load ..........................;4.50 Kindling wood, per load ........2.50 The Polleys Lumber Co. City 'Sw Mill . 6il 414. .a. .d. 424 *raSii" Off@I e4 115 Fi flgine Ave. Mr. Aime Boiteau Canadian Government Agent for Alberta and Saskatchewan Will be here about four weeks and those who desire to obtain intprma tlon about free homesteadis and im :proved farms my write or see him at Victoria Hotel, Higgins Avenue. Why not make your cold bath room comforta~je by putting.in a gas heater? issoula Gas Com yiny 740 &: irt W. ~ell rPhe.P 563.