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HE DAILY MISSOULIAN vYe
ah Published Every Day in the Year. ru MISSOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. yo Missoula, Montana. lin al - so Syha Entered at the postoffice at Missoula, tel Montana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. he (In Advance.) en Daily, one month ....................... $0.75 se' Daily, three months .......................... 2.25 de Daily, six months ................... 4.00 Daily, one year ... ... ................ 8.00 yo Postage added for foreign countries. tic TELEPHONE NUMBER. qu Bell...................110 Independent....510 -- by MISSOULA OFFICE th 129 and 131 West Main Street. I, sa Hamilton Office he 221 Main Street, Hamilton, Mont. The Missoulian may be found on gi sale at the following newstands out- ta side of Montana: Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen- at cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison fo streets. Minneapolis-World News Co., 219 of North Fourth street. Salt Lake City-MacGillis & Lud wig. San Francisco-United News Agents. fa Portland-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington. Seattle - Eckart's News Agency, to First avenue and Washington; W. O. fo Whitney. Spokane--Jamieson News. Co. wl Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth w and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS, cc The Missoulian is anxious to give the best carrier service; therefore, sub- ht scribers are requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper change to new address, please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable to The Missoulian Publishing Company. eas ex th liI WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1912. CC it BY THE PEOPLE. in It is an interesting Tfact that, after to March 4, 1913, the affairs of this coun- rt try will be administered by representa tives of about forty-two per cent of in its voters. This percentage, of course, or does not include the millions of womn- pi en who were not allowed to vote and co the hundreds of thousands of men who did not vote, although'they could lh have voted. This means, when every- ra thing is considered, that not much fa more than one-third of the people is ruling. Unusual circumstances, how- ut ever, conspired to bring about this ci state of affairs. Still, it all appears ql strange, for this is a country sup posedly ruled "by the people.' A REACTIONARY SHEET. di ci "Leslie's Weekly is the high priest of dyed-in-the-wool mossbacklism. As at typical reactionary it has few equals ti and no superiors. Its editorial atti- 'P tude oin political and social questions "' is that of an epoch happily nearly i past." ' That is what the Journal of the tt American Medical association thinks eif Leslie's, and this is what insipireid the ommnlent qluoted in the plreceding iaragraph: Stlop! W\' believe in pure food but not in puri fadis. * * * In Chicago it we are told that a clean-food club pro poses to allow no more cats in grocery stores. * * * In the same, city a t, trainload of California oranges, shippedl U by a fruit asscolationi of good repute, c, was seized, not because the fruit was n unwh\olesnome, Iblt because the skins w had been artificially stained or col ored, as alleged. liow i m Iuch are these fads, including ti i' attlekls on coild C storage, adding ito the high cost of ii living? Do the people ever think o~ H this? n The Journal beli'eves that the peopnle dio "think of this." The medical pa per, after cexpressillg such lie!ief, goes oil to den)oulle caite as unsanitary, int their nllnection with grocery stireP, at lTast. Alsoi, the Journal says that the Ieople think that "to pahln off on them as rl')ipi- frullit green oranges Stainled a Lbeautiftul yellow can searcely be regarded as a sine rt' attempt to ii reduce the high cost of living." The doctors' magazine delivers this final broadside before, it cuts the lashings v anid ends the deck-to-deck encounter: D "A publication that is so eternally so licitous iof the welfare of the vested interests and so uncoincerned in mat ters affecting the public health is not 'the sort of magazine that can truly )he said to represent the awakened politi cal and social comnscience of a great nation." OLD-FASHIONED EVILS. It is not a fashionable disease, 1 (luinsy. There's something about the very sound of it that suggests the backwoods and quinine and muddy roads, and doctors with sweeping beards, instead of neat, pointed ones, and no rural free delivery. Then, there's influenza. Could you admit having such an ailment and still hope to retain your social prestige? Still, you're likely to have quinsy or influ enz'a If you don't watch out. This is jilst the right time of the year for I these twin afflictions. You acquire a cold and you consider it of no import uree, The cold grows until it's as se vere as a coast-to-coast blizzard, and ah, then, you hcve. the influenza. Your rose attracts attention to itself and your head feels as if it were thickly lined with hot clay. Your joints are TI sore and your muscles ache. Your back seems about to *break and you are ewie that dissolution is imminent. Your ambition vanishes and your in- da tellect takes a vacation. Your tonsils, Ti then, begin to consider that they have re been kept in the background long ta enough. They begin to push them 5 selves forward. presently, you are or dering liquid food and wondering what ti( o your chances are for eternal salva tion. It's then that you have the m: quinsy. fo Cheer up. You are in a bad way, St but you can be saved. First, you take the quinine that the doctor prescribes. He'll give you a lot of it. "Now," he'll UT say, "this will probably make your SU head ring a littl., but don't mind that. it' It will not harm you." Also, he will a give you some other stuff, nasty in TI taste and productive of much perspir- th ation. The quinine will run true to form, all right, as will the remainder Of g of the prescription. On the inside of your head there will be ringing a mar- th velous set of chimes, unceasing, inde- th I. fatigible, powerful, resonant. Also. p you will perspire and become as a kit ten in strength. you will be miserable for a few days and your disposition will be exceedingly sour. Then, you ta h will be well again and you will tell Ol your friends, "Oh, it was just t bad Y cold. That's all." St e Of course, you wouldn't say that you had the quinsy or the influenza. THE BUSINESS SITUATION. h ,r Henry Clews, hanker and financial expert, expresses his confidence in the business future in the following words: The declining tendency of values on the Stock Exchange need cause no a particular anxiety. Not. a few securi ties have been selling rather high p Z. considering the returns afforded; and it must be remembered that interest ft rates are advancing and that shrewd investors are shifting from low inter est and low-dividend bearing issues ir r to those which offer more attractive ci returns. This policy is justified by the world-wide activity of business, in C( which the United States is now colm f ing into its full share. Confidence is on a higher and more substantial 1 - plane than for many years; hence iS d capital is more ready to venture into d new fields. The new demand for cap n ital at home and abroad is enormous; U d this Atone explaining the high interest - rates, and is also a most important h factor in the prevalence of high prices for commodities and wages. As a re sult of these tendencies, we often see unexpected weakness in gilt-edged se s curities; the highest grade issues fre quently being relatively the weakest because their owners, having confi dence in the future, feel justified in seeking better returns. As a result of such tendencies, the better class in dustrials are being received with in- hi creasing favor. Our railroads are still making splendid progress through large earnings, but the repressive at- t ' tilude, of the government towards ti 1s these corporations renders them less ft .- Popular than the general run of in- :i vestments, especially as the activity tl in trade and the large profits which n many of the industrials are making g, give promise of liberal dividend re- U ie turns. 0 It is very evident that the rock-pile a feature of Missoula's administration is c not popular with the criminal popu- c lation. Says Police Judge Von Platen: I "My idea of nothing to do is to have t my job." _--_ t A French beekeeper visited his hives e without a mask. A bee flew into his mouth and stung him in the throat, r causing, it to swell. Within twenty minutes the man was suffocated. His was an aggravated case of quinsy. It is suggested that you wait for the Christmas number of The Missoulian before doing your final C 'hristmas shopping. There will be found in it many 'valuable suggestions. The man, the party or the nation that stands still of necessity becomes retrogressive. To be progressive means to keep moving. Perhaps, the S. P. C. A. has told SLeslie's that it's unkind to keep cats out of grocery stores. --- i They say the fighting game is dy ing, but we notice that the telephone fain species is not. The explosion of thatt14-inch gun would hav\e made a fine feature for t Maclyn Arbuckle. lreitenstein is one lrophet wileo had no trouble in putting it over in his I own bailiwick. It has been suggested that the dl~'e of peace is sitting on a McMani gal alarm clock. As we go to press, the pictured dec orations in the courthouse are in statu quo. Don't mind a little snow. Itemlinm her that green-Christmas saw. It's our guess that the Teutons are about to, learn a lot about oil. "By the people" could he rewritt'en "hby some of the people." There Is no holiday season for The Missoulfan class ad. Missoula is living up to its winter- h resort reputation. O There's tall language in John Bull's r toll talk. f The verl'y word mleans forward. i Good for Johnny Morin. 1ully! r FORWARD The progressive party will maintain its forward march. The general plan of the advance was formed yesterday at the Chicago conference. The indorsement of the decision was unanimous among the progressive leadets who yester day discussed the situation and reviewed the line of battle. There was no hesitating, no faltering. Encouraged by the results which the party has already achieved, its represen tatives are more eager than ever to press forward to the at tainment of the high purposes which the original, declara tion of their party-its contract with the people--sets forth. Ultimately the progressive party must prevail. Right is might and the progressive principles are those which stand for the rights of the peop'le, for the rights which the con stitution guarantees, for the rights which must be restored if this is to be a republican form of government. And the unanimity of the members of the progressive party is an as surance of its continuance as an organization, as well as of its growth in strength and influence. The progressive party will be the subject of bitter attack. That is to be expected. Already, we have heard some of the tirades which are directed against it. Senator Works of California struck his blow the'other day. The interests which seek to retain their corrupt hold upon the affairs of the government will not hesitate to adopt any tactics which they can command and which they hope may injure the progressive movement. One feature of the campaign which the progressive party has laid out is the educational work which is to be under taken. When the votes were cast in the national election of November, the progressive party was but ninety days old. Yet, at that election, there were four million voters who supported the new movement at the polls. There are other millions who are uncertain because they do not fully grasp the significance of the progressive campaign. Yet others have doubted the permanency of the party-these must be, by this time, convinced that the progressive party has come to stay. The organization of local progressive clubs in state, county and precinct has followed the autumn campaign as a natural sequence. The people who engaged in that cam paign for the progressives were lined up that way because they believed in the plan, the purpose and the principles of the new party. They enlisted for the war and it was but natural that they should desire to coalesce the,local forces in their own communities. Hence, the local progressive club which is forming in almost every precinct in the n country. As the months pass, the progressive party will become a mightier force. The rehabilitation of the reptblican party is a hopeless proposition. The democratic party is already: disintegrating. The progressive party is destined to take up the direction of the country's affairs because right is t might and will prevail. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . = . .. . . Immigration II-The "Old" Immigrant. By Frederic J. Haskin. Nothing is more significant in the history of immigration to America than the change in the character oe ,the stream of humanity that is coming to our shores. The bulk of immigra tion always has come from Europe, for to date nearly 93 out of every 100 immigrants arriving have come front that one continent. Prior to 1883 nineteen-twentieths of all our imnnt gration from Europe came from the United Kingdom, Germany, Scandi navia, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Switzerland. As recently us 1883, only a little more than one eighth of the European immigration came from eastern and southern Europe. Today the immigration from that section has grown until it em. braces more than four-fifths of all those who come. Meanwhile the countries which gave ius our rich in flux of homnebullders prior to 1883 are not sending us many immigrants to day. The old immigration differed from the new in many essentials. The form er was largely a. migration of p1opl, who camlle to becomne citizens, to ac - quire home here, and to esta!lish their posterity uponl the land. They entered practically every line of ar tivity in every part of the country. A large proportion of them were .II gaged in agriculture before they caine and they went out as farm laborers when they got here. But they were frugal and the laborer of yesterday became the farmer of today. They formed ia very imlportant factor in the development of all the territory weOst of the Allegheny mountains. So rapid was the process of assimilation that the racial identity of their children was almost lost and forgotten. The extent of the decline of imml gration from northern Europe is em phasized by the results in various countries. Germany gave us eight r times as many immigrants in 1883 as in 1911. Ireland gave us 76,000 of her t*eople in 1883 and only 29,000 in 1 1911. Sweden's contribution to our a immigrant population fell from 64,000 in 1883 to 20,000 in 1911, and Switzer land's from 10,1000 to 3,500. As stated before, the ipeople who comne froiim northwestern Europe come to stay. Among them only 16 out of every 100 go back to their homes in Europe, while 38 out of every 100 from southern and eastern Europe ie turn. The "old" immigration comes with its families, for more than two fifths are females. The "new" im migration leaves the women folk be hind, for only a little more than one fourth of the arrivals are females. The better condition of the immi grant from northwestern Europe as compared with his more unfortunate brother in other parts of the conti nent is revealed by the money they were able to show. The average "old" immigrant can exhibit $40 to the ima migration inspector. The average "new" immigrant has about $18 when he lands. The educational advantages of the "old" limligrant are even more marked. There are more than 13 time as many illiterates couling to ds from the "new" immigration as from the "old.". The "old" immigration measures up to all the usual tests of good cittaenshill in about tile samp I ratio, when compared with th9 "new." I And yet all authorities agree that in ' the "new" immigrant we have, as a h rule, a diamond in the rough, a human a being who is just as capable of trans- n formation into a good citizen as his q more fortunate brother from north- t: western Europe. The process is simply v a longer and more tedious one, and c one to which the immigrant does not t lend himself as readily. s Northwestern Europe has responded faithfully to our demand for people 1 to fill out lands and become a part of the bone and sinew of our, country. It has in 92 years given us. nearly 17,- r 000,000 immigrants. Draw a line r through Grand Forks, Sioux City, Oma I h., Kansas City and Hot Springs and thence down the Louisiana-Texas boundary to the gulf of Mexico, and I the entire population west thereof is in greater than that contributed to I us by northwestern t':urope. i t(ermany has given us more immi. grants than any other country, with r the single exception of the Unitad 1 Kingdom. Nearly 5,000,000 Germans f ha\e come across the water to be- c come a part of this nation. The pio neers of the great icirman migration t were tile Mennonites, who, in 1682 fol lowed the path of the English Quak ers. They were the first people in America to petition the abolition of slavert:. They also were the first Ipepl'le in America to, raise their voice aga.nst intemperance . They were soon followed by the 'Scandinavians, of whom it has been said that there is no second generation, since the :hildren become so thoroughly Amer Tihe coming of the "new" Immigra timn has caused the members of the "1ld' to move out ',f their vocations and residential quarters and on up into' a higher sph~ee. Where. once c the Irish, the H(ernmn, and the Scan- 2 dl'\avian worked and livedl now the t G'reck, the Italian, the Pole, the Bo- t heniln, the Austrian and the Rus- e sian Jew are found. The German, the Irishmnan, the Swede and the Norwe gian have mooved into better quarters t and have taken. up more attractive work. The immigrant from northwestern t Europe quickly becomes a citizen. t More than nine-tenths of the Swedes and the Swiss entitled to citizenship papers have them, approximately sev en-eights of the Germans, Welsh, Danes, and Norwegians have taken. them out, and four-fifths of the Irish r English, Dutch, and Scotch have cast a their lot permanently with u~. Com- c pare this with the Allies in the Bal- e kan-Turkish war and the remarkasble c difference in the character of the as- I pirations of the two types of immi gration will appear. Only one-eighth of the Servian immigrants have taken out citizenship papers, one-fifth of the Greeks, and a little more than a third of the Bulgarians. Seven-tenths of the southern Italians hold aloof from citizenship. C When will our affairs reach that r situation where there is an economic e balance and an end to immigration to ' the United States? The late Professor W. J. McGee once declaed that the i soil of the United Statep has a sus- 'I taining power of 500 totthe square o mile. Assuming that one-third of our a territury is waste land we #till, upon d CREAM BAKLING rWR A pure, healthful, Cream of Tartar Bakij Powder, When buying an article of food you are entitled to know, exactly what you are buy ing-it quality and ingredients. If this information is refused don't buy it. Some of the low grade baking powders are advertised, but the ingredients of the powders are scrupulously concealed. A housekeeper would not use a baking powder conltaining alum if she knew it. r It is well when buying to examine the P label on the can. Unless it shows the ingredient cream of tartar, don't buy it. Dr. Price's baking powder is absolutely free from alum. S this basis, would have room for a round 1,000,000,000 of people. *Dr. Mc Gee estimated that in three centuries we can reasonably hope to approach that number. But to reach that high population we would have to make heavier drafts upon IEurope than Europe could bear. Assuming that we would need proportionately as many immigrants to expand from our pres ent population to the billion mark as we needed to reach our present popu lation, we would have to draw a draft upon Europe for 300,000,000 souls - a ,million every year for three centuries. And when we consider that in two generations the foreigner-both of the old Immigration and of the new-be comes so thoroughly Americanized that he follows the tendency of the native American toward race suicide, it will be seen that th4. email family inclinations of Americans will pre- i vent as heavy contributions to the swelling population as "a billion in three centuries would call for. Many economists think the immi 'gration from northwestern Europe has settled down to a basis that is about normal, and that we henceforth may count upon receiving about a quarter of a million of them during the average year. But there are others who say that the disappearance of I cheap farming land, and the filling of t the factories with cheap labor from southern Europe will cut down the figures probably to half their present proportions. They believe that Ger many is about the best example of t what we may expect of the "old" im migration in the' future; and Germany now gives us only one-eighth as many of her good citizens in a year as she did 30 years ago. All students of the immigration problem agree that the passing of the "old" immigration accentuates the 3 problems of the "new," and since it is becoming the latter or nothing, it be hooves the nation to try to make the a most of it, and to aid it to fill the i place in the future that the "old" has s filled in the past. The concensus of - opinion is that this is not so much a - matter of the restriction of immigra a tion as it is Americanizing the inuni grants. a Tomorrow-I-Tmmigration. f III.--The "New" Immigrant. e e CONFESSED MURDERER HANDED THIRTY YEARS p Kalispell, Dec. 10.-Thomas Reilly, e charged with the murder of Frank - Murphy at Columbia Falls, last Sep-: e tember, after a quarrel in which the - two men and Jack Shafer had been engaged, today withdrew his plea of e not guilty and pleaded guilty to mur der in the second degree, just before the commencement of his trial in the e district court. He was sentenced to 80 years at hprd labor in the peniten n tiary by Judge- Erickson. Shafer's trial will 'begin next Thursday. FIVE NEW LAWYERS. n Helena, Dec. 10.-(Special.)-The h result of the examination held last t week by the supreme court of appli - cants to practice law in Montana was - announced today. Five out of a class e of 10 passed, as follows: Vernon E. - ILewis, Great Falls; H. W. Funke, - Choteau; Hamilton Wright, Roundup; h C. L. Markley, Butte; Leon L. Wheel er, Helena. Dr. Williamn Sadler, author of "The Cause and Cure of Colds," says that common colds should be taken se t riously, especially when they "hang on." Foley's Honey and Tar Com o pound is a reliable household medicine r for coughs and colds, equally effective e for children and for grown persons. - Take it when you feel a cold coming e on. It will avert danger of serious re r suits and cure -quickly - No harmftul 4 drugs. Mlssoula prug (o.-Adv. 5'·· MYERS TO OPPOSE CONFIRMATION MONTANA'S JUNIOR SENATOR TO AID'COMPATRIOTS AT THE PIE COUNTER. Washington, Dec. 10.-In accordance with the announced policy of the dem ocratic senators in general, Senator /Myers has annorneed that the will 9p; pose the confirmation by the senate of the appointment of all federal of fice-holders in Montana during the present session of congress. Among the officers affected will be several postmasters, including Lewis town, Manhattan, Joliet and others. The announced program will defeat the confirmation of Peters for regis ter of the Great Falls land office, and SRoberts, who has been appointed re ceiver of the Great Ealls land office. The commissions of Register Harris and Receiver E'nright at Billings will <* A $5 HAT II I SI " FREE With Any Man's Suit or Overcoat At $15.00 or More You make your own selection from the cabinets con taining thousands of new, stylish hats. - If your choice falls on a higher-priced hat, an allowance of $5.00 will be made on the price. Remember, any hat up to and including $5.00 kinds in the store-all new, no "has-beens." IU expire during the month of December. It will also affect the naming of a register and receiver at the Glasgow land office, as well as the naming o_ a successor to Andrew Swaney, regis ter of the land office afrtiallspell. BOOTLEGGERS SENTENCED. Hcatna, Dec. 10.--(Speciali.)--Five months in the county ja1l and a fine of $150 was the sentence imposed by Judge Bourquin today upon Robert Robs, convicted in Butte of bootleg ging at Billings; and seven months in jail and a fine of $00 was the soen tence imposed upon John Benner, con victed .in Butte • of bootlegging In Rosebud county. Coughing at Night. One bad cough can keep the whole family awake at night. Phil Disor nean, Schaffer, Mich., says: "I could not sleep on account of a had cough, and I was very weak. 'I used Foley's Honey and Tar Compound, and soon the cough left and I slept soundly all night." Missou'a Drug Co.-Adv. Does itsl!ck and clean; works like a trooper; nothing stops it; best for your, bowels-IIollist.r's R. M. Tea. 35c. George Freisheimer.-Adv.