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THE DAILY MISSOULIAN
Published Every Day in the Year. MISSOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. Missoula, Montana. r Entered at the postoffice at Missoula, Montana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance.) Daily, one month ............................. 0.75 Daily, three months ................. ..... 2.25 Daily, six months ...................... 4.00 Daily, one year ......... ........................ 8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell......................110 Independent....510 MISSOULA OFFICE 129 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 221 Main Street, IIamilton, Mont. The Missoulian may be found on sale at the following newstands out side of Montana: Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison streets. Minneapolis-1World News Co., 219 North Fourth street. Salt Lake City-MacGillis & Lud wig. San Franc'sco-United News Agents. Portland-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington. Seattle - ETkart's News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. 0. Whitney. Spokane-Jamieson News. Co. Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Missoulian is anxious to give the best carrier service; therefore, sub scribers are requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper change to new address, please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable to The Missoulian Publishing Company. THURISDAY, DECEM1BER 12, 1912. A SANE CHRISTMAS. This is the regularly accepted tihue for issuing instructions concerning the manner of making Christmas a safe and-sane occasion. The Western Un derwriters, the fire-insurance depart- r ment of the Retail Merchants' Asmo ciation of Montana, believes that a Christmas that is safe and sane is one that does not start fires. The under- t writers have nothing but praise for the r safe-and-sane Fourth of July and hope that the safe-and-sane Christ mas will become as general as the I denatured birthday of the nation. The t underwriters say: "Those engaged in the business of fire insurance have recognized this as one of the dangerous periods because I of the fact that show windows in places of business are decorated with inflammable material; churches and places of public gathering, as well as private homes, with their Christmas trees and other decorations, use most inflammable material, and open can dles with which to light them, and when we view some of these decora tions from a safe-and-sane standpoint, it seems nothing loss than criminal carelessness and neglect. There is any amount of beautiful decorations that can be used, which are not in Ilamtllable and w\e wish to appetal to every nrerhalnt; every minister of the gospel and Sunlday school superin tendent, and all those who have charge of providing for tile decorating of places of entierta;inulent, as well as the heads of fatnilies, to take mellas ures to hprote.ct your hoelns, your churches andi your pilaces of business and to do away \with everything that will have a. tendency to create fire. We eslpecially aIppeal to, illini-lters and business men, and charge you with the duty of seriously taking this matter into consideration to the end that this annual destruction of life and property may be, stopped." BLUE EYES. E. J. tlelning, stup),rinlltclde;it of the Kansas City Legal Aid bltreau, says that bilue-eyed imen make thie most un reliable husbands. Mr. l'lemning has started soimething; in this country fully fifty per cent of the male ilnhalb itants, which are the only kind of in habitants now being considered, have blue eyes. Really, the percentage runs higher than that in Kansas. M1r. Fleming says that his bureau handled three hundred and twenty-three cases of wife abandonment and non-support in a year and that in nearly all of these instances the offending man had blue eyes. Of course, they had. It is also to be said that in the case of most of the Kansas marriages not brought to the attention of Mr. Flem ing and his bureau, the non-offending man Ihad blue eyes. Did a blue-eyed man ever do anything to Mr. Flem ing? THE BACK-EAST CHURCH. The leaving of the worn-out farms of the east for those of the west is having the effect of emptying many country c'lhurches, institutions with a '(cord of generations of service. This is a quotation taken from a weekly paper of an eastern district: "This marks the passing of this church, the few members left having voted to disband. With the removal of J. H. and E. E. McCreight and their fami'ies to Idaho, the Sunday school will be discontinued. The church was organized sixty years ago and once had a large congregation." Of course, the men and women who moVe west, the McCreights and others of their kind, will start new churches. Still, it seems pathetic that there will be scattered through the countryside back east the decaying spires of de serted temples. At that, there are none too many churchles in the west and the McCreights will bring with them the spirit that erects temples. So, if the cast loses, the west gains. A crowing contest is an entertaining feature of the poultry show, but it does not alppeal to the housekeeper like a laying contest. However, the roosters must hav\e some shlow. Johnnie Morin would run well in MBissoula, but he wouldn't have 200,000 mlaj,'rity. However, we wish himn well anid wou1ld give hinl that nmany votes if \l had them. \We are not so much concerned Ibout the. all-star football team as we rre about an all-star ('hristmlas tree. It's hard to make the old spruce glis Len this year. If House Bill 160 is a fair sample if the public-land policy of Governor Norris, we believe Montana erels in indorsing him for the secretaryship of the interior. The Boise Capital News 111:1 be 1ent to jail by the supreme court of [daho, but it is the best-adverti'sed ewsplaper in the United States this 'veek. The railway exhibit cars are show ng peoplle the resources of Montana and the Milwaukee's newest car ap pears to be dning the job effectively. Tile white-hope business having re 'eived a fresh impeltus, the sports edi 'rs rejoice. Business was getting lull on their pages. The whole country is beginning to :ialize that Missoula is the best ighted town in the world. That's reat advertising. However, .vwe do not think the man ceed be ashamed, who st.arted the in ulirv into the ways and means of udge Archbald. But, as long as they- kee.(p passing p things to Doc Wilson, he has the 'ight, surely, to grab all the publicity eI can get. We do not suppose that House Bill 60 is included in the Norris cre.den inls which have been forwarded to Sr. Wilson. Missoula's confidence in Johnnie Ntorin was nllot misplaced and it ap pears to he renewed by Pennsylvania. The Missoulian class ad continues its good work. I\very day brings new testimonials. Get the habit, yourself. Austria has nogotiattd a big loI1In, blit she says, honor-bright, that shi doesn't want to use it for warlare. The average wienerwurat has always seemed to us deadly enough without loading It with strychnine. However, Hell Gate Ilodge of l]lks d(oo1s not inte0nd to adopt the crab as its national e.mblllln. A great cure for the grouchl is to get ult ut and jostle with the C(hristlma crowd. Try it. VWe foresee that the lHerlulda tan W\ill not last long when the sweating begins. Again it seems as if Mr. W'ilson is stealing solll(llhody ,lse's thllulnder. --~---- --- 'l'The 1laho1 suplremlle court breaks into tile lluper-sentsitive class. The hen show will add to the hilur ity of the hIliday s5(ason. T'he ('Christmas lspirit d(tIIsnit collo ill bottles. lEverybo(dy ull f'r a \ll' Ch'rist. i1 1(1, MONTANA (Edwin L. Norris in Leslie's.) There are many large reclamation enterprises under way in Montana, at the hands of the Federal government, the state and private individuals, and the completion of these will add more than a million acres to the irrigated area of the state. The cultivation by the dry-farming method of the ' tntches" that until recent years were con sidered worthless except for graz ing purposes has passed out of the experimental stage, and the success achlieved by the dry-land farmer has added an immnense area to the arable lands of the commonwealth. Montana has as much rich agricultural land as Ohio and Illinois. Add to this re source the products of the mines, mills and kindred industries, its millions of acres of rolling lands upon which stock can be grazed, and it must be admitted that there is no state in the Union more favorably conditioned in this particular than Montana. GARROS FLIES ,HIGHEST. Tunis, Dec. 11.-The world's altitude record for aeroplanes was broken to day by Roland G. Garros, the French aviator, who ascended 5,801 meters (approximately 19,032 feet high.) The flight lasted 11 minutes, six seconds and was carried out in clear weather. The previous accepted record was 17,881 feet, made by G(eorge LeTGng nleux on September 17, last, at Villa Coubla'y Frasvo HE GIVETH BEST There have been a good many sermons 'spoken about Christmas giving. There has been a systematic movement started this season for what is called the "sane Christmas." As far as we have observed, the movement has not attained any noteworthy headway. Nor is it the purpose of this editorial to advocate the movenient. The definition of the term, "sane Christmas," must be made'clear'before the cam paign possesses the dignity of a national movement. That too much of the Christmas giving, these days; is unwise, there can be no doubt. That too much of it is prompted by the because-I-have-to motive, is pretty certain. That there could be good done by accomplishing a return to the old-style of Christmas, does not admit of argument to the contrary. But the "sane Christmas" 'folks will. have to be more explicit before they receive enlistments to any general extent. There is, however, a feature oT the old Christmas spirit which survives and which should never be allowed to die out. Recently, we think, this phase of Christmas has re ceived more attention than it did for awhile. Always there are those with us whose Christmas will be without cheer unless somebody, more fortunate, gives thought to their condition and to their needs. The thought is all that is necessary, for action will surely follow. The only reason that there is anybody whose Christmas is neglected is that we do not give thought to the fact that there are those whose holiday season may be devoid of any happiness. Of late years the ministration to the needs of the unfor tunate has been made a systematic act by organizations whose purpose is to relieve true distress. The Salvation Army has been conspicuous in this worthy work. The So ciety of the King's Daughters has carried out the Christmas spirit most effectively during the years of its existence. Both of these agents of Christmas cheer have working forces in Missoula., The extent of the good which they do is not known to many, but it is great. There are many of us who are desirous of doing some thing along the lines of this endeavor. We do not do it because we are not familiar with the situation in its details and we hesitate about making the attempt, lest we offend some sensitive soul or else bestow our offering upon some one who is unworthy, who feigns distress. Just here is where these organizations are most helpful. They know who are in genuine distress; they have unmaskec the coun terfeits. Also, they know how to reach the truly needy without hurting the pride of the unfortunate. He giveth best who knoweth best. On this account, if we have aught to give for the "cheer of the cheerless and for the lightening of darkened homes, the one best way to do it is to act through these organizations. We are told that there is need for no little of this sort of help in Missoula this year. We are told that there are some cases of actual suf fering. It is to relieve these cases that thwKing's Daugh ters and the Salvation Army are striving. The peed which exists is, in instances, pressing. If you can.gi e and wish to give, get into touch with those who can tell yu how and where to give so that you will be giving best. You can, with little effort, make somebody's Christmas extend all through the winter. Immigration IllI--The "New" Immigrant. By Frederic J. Haskin. Since three out of every four of our present day immigrants come from countries where public education is unheard of, where popular participa tion in the affairs of the government is undreamed of, where dire poverty is the rule, it is apparent that the im migration problem is a grave one. And then, .when we consider that two thirds of this "new" immigration commes from the rural village and is lunmped out upon our big centers of Isipulation, where vice surrounds it and fattens upon it, where it feels all of the worst effects of our civiliza tion and none of its better effects, the wonder grows that the problem is not miore serious than it is. The economic distress that led the pitoineers of the southern and eastern lEuropean countries to migrate was pressing. The average earning of a Slovak, for instance, during the har vest season was 25 cents a day, and in other seasons he was fortunate to get half that much, for work was as scarce 'as wages were low. If a load of wood were brought to town dozens \'would apply for the job of sawing it. A strong muscular servant-girl who could scrub and wash, attend to the garden, and look after the cattle and sheep, besides helping with the har vest, might get $10 a year with a big cake and a pair of shoes thrown in. Hard rye bread and an onion consti tuted the daily diet. Edward Stlener, himself an immigrant, and now one of the greatest of our authorities on im migration, tells of seeing a pig (die of disease and being buried. Ac cording to law it was covered with quicklime and coal oil. Hardly had the burial been conlleted when the carcass mysteriously disappeared - for the peasants were hungry and meat was scarce. And so it has been everywhere. Once the tide starts in a given coun try it keeps up, growing larger as it comes. A few Joshuas and Calebs travel to this new Canaan and then write back telling of the milk and honey they find .here, or else they go back with the grapes of American gold, and after that the trail needs no blazing. The rise of the "new" immigration is as remarkable as the decline of the "old." Thirty years ago there were less than 30,000 Austria-Hungarians coming to America annually; today the annual arrivals total about 200, 000 a year. Thirty years ago 126 Greeks came to America as Immi grants; last year 26,000 came. Italy's contribution to our population was six times as great in 1911 as in 1882, Russia's ten times as great, while Turkey sent us 19,000 in 1911 as com pared with 69 in 1882. The attitude of the governments af fected by the "new" immigration de pends largely upon the degree of its Dermanence in America. Italr for in. stance, is very glad 'to see its people come over, because they have demon strated that they not only can come back, but do come back. In a recent investigation made by the Italian government into conditions in Sicily, the beneficial effect of the returning of the emigrant was declared in the strongest terms. It was said that greater than the benefit of any laws the government could pass, better than any training the government could give, were the benefits conferred upon the community b.h the returning emigrant. Not merely did he bring new wealth, a thing the community badly needed, but what was much more important, he brought with him the American spirit of intelligent en terprise which did much for his com munity. In short, the report indicates t'.at the returned emigrant helps his community in Italy about as much as an ggrieultural school graduate helps the formers of his community in America. And so it is proving throughout southern and eastern Europe. The re turning immigrant is carrying back American money, and along with it American thought and American cus toms. Scarcely a village there is now without its returned immigrants. They bring American phonographs, American collars and ties, American taste for modern clothes. It is no novalty even in the remote mountain \illages to hear an American talking machine screeching American rag time. In every country the returning im migrant is somebody in his little com munity. He has made as much, in America in a week as he made at home in several months, and his sav ings of a thousand dollars make him a nabob. The people believe his stor ies of American genius and achieve ment until he gets to telling about a 40 story building, and then their faith breaks down. They can believe that the Americans have a machine into \ hich one can feed iron and wood and a wagon comes out of it finished; then can even believe that we have machines which will cut wheat, thresh it, grind the flour, and then make b-ead or cake out of it according to which button is pushed; but when it comes to a 40 story building, that is impossible. The pitiful thing about the "new" immigrant is the fact that he usually hails from a rural village, where he worked on the farms and in the vine yards or herded sheep. Landing in a big city he is immediately beset by those who would exploit him. Off he goes to some industrial center where he must live in places scarcely fit for human habitation, crowded with a dozen others in a shack scarce big enough for two. The work he finds is tither filthy or dangeroji.. He 'goes i.to the ib4ottpinuuc coal marie"' IlO. SOUVENIRS SOVENRS! For Every Woman In Missoula A few years ago I organized and am still running the only strictly one price music house in the city and in the west. Others may use the sliding scale method; they may ask $450.00 for a $250.00 instrumtent; they may use all the arts that a Practical Flim-Flammer can devise; they may say that our pianos are no good and our tuners are no good, yet we observe, on the whole, the piano purchasing public has stuck by us. Twenty-five pianos sold within the last six weeks is evidence of this, to say nothing of the business which we have done since the time of our organization. To fittingly show our appreciation of thre fact that the public has confidence in us, we propose to keep open house during the remaining three days of this week. We want everybody to come in arid see our $250.00 pianos, which are worth, and for which we ask, $250.00. We want vyu to see our $350.00 pianos, which are worth, and for which we ask, $350.00. We want you to see our !$450.00 pianos, Which are worth, and for which we ask $450.00. We have a nice little Souvenir which we will present to every lady who visits our store within the next three days. We want you to see a strictly first-class piano Ivers & Pond, and the-A. B. Chase. We want you to see the Schaff Bros. Co. piano which, at $350.00 is unexcelled anywhere in the world. We want you to see a Kohler & Co. piano, which for its price has no superior. We want you to get the benefit of our great reduction sale on the Edison records. 310 for the Wax, Four-Minute Records. 21t for the Wax, Two-Minute Records. Our store will be open every evening this week. ORVIS MusIC HOUSE THE ONLY ONE PRICE MUSIC HOUSE IN THE WEST MISSOULA, 115 W. Cedar St. Po... KALISPELL I a the fertilizer factory, into the wood working plant, into the slaughtering house-everywhere that there is work too diagreeable for the native Amer ican workingman. The toll that is taken from these im migrants is fearful. With few women among them to cast a refining in fluence over them, they spend their time between working and drinking, as a rule, and saving what they can, with the day in view when they can return to their native land. In the vast majority of cases their condition for the time being is worse in 'America than it was in their native lands. But they sacrifice themselves today in America in order that tomorrow at home they may live in comfort. If they lived according to American standards their wages would barely suffice to keep them going. But they v:ill half starve themselves and live in the worst of surroundings for the sake of going back home some day. Where the women come along they usually keep boarding houses, and their husbands compel them to do so as long as the wives are yet without the American spirit. But many's the time when there has been a Declara tion of Independence proclaimed in one of these boarding houses when the wife concluded no longer to play slave to her lord. The Slav has none of our consideration for his wife. He has a proverb that he is happy twice in his life; once when he marries and once when he buries his wife. His wife sings, "Love me true, and love me quick. pull my hair and use the stick." The Montenegrin says his wife is his mule. The 'reek and the Italian, "the Austrian and the Magyar treat their wives much better. Three-fourths of all the "new" im ,migration is made up of men and boys. The Balkan states send only one woman to 25 men, and the same ratio exists with the Greeks. The ones who have womenfolk with them usually stay; most of the bachelors return. More than half the Croatians, Italians, 'Slovaks, and Magyars return to their native homes and inquiries show that perhaps two-thirds of all who go never return again. Among those who help to cut down the high percentage of returning im migrants are the Jews of eastern Europe. They come over in great numbers and precious ,few of them ever go back. They correspond to our "old" immigration in their desire to make America their home. The immigrant who returns takes his money with him; but he has left much more than value received when he does so. The entire list of Italians who build a tunnel under the Hudson river might trek back to Europe with their savings, but the benefit of that tunnel will continue throughout the years. Without their labor the mighty works of which we Americans boast so pridefully could not have been ac complished. The comforting thought about the "new" immigration is that it has not much to unlearn. It is often easier to build a new house than to remodel an old one, and lik9wise it might be easier to make a good citizen of an illiterate villager from the lands of the Slovaks, the Italians and the Finns than of their better educated brethren who must first unlearn some fixed notions. Tomorrow: Immigration. IV. Why the Immigrant Comes. We wish to call your attention to the fact that most infectious diseases such as whooping cough, diphtheria and scarlet fever are contracted when the child has a cold. Chamberlin's Cough Rtemedy will quickly cure a cold and greatly lessen the danger of contracting these diseases. This rem edy is famous for its cures of colds. It contains no opium or other narcotic and may be given to a child With im plicit confidence, Sold by all dealers. -MY1v - ,7_`.~~ A $5 HAT FREE With Any Man's Suit or Overcoat At $15.00 or More You make your own selection from the cabinets con taining thousands of new, stylish hats. If your choice falls on a higher-priced hat, an allowance of $5.00 will be made on the price. Remember, any hat up to and including $5.00 kinds in the store-all new, no "has-beens." THECR I - --- - _ _ _ WM. HEIN Nebraska's Expert Piano Tuner Is Now in Missoula, Montana Have your piano tuned by him be fore Christmas and enjoy a . well tuned piano on Christmas day. Charge for tuning, $3.50. Satisfac tion guaranteed. " A card will bring me to your service; "405 North Fourth street, Mis soula, Montana. se Can also save kou money in buying a new piano. See me before buying elsewhere. : SEE THE NEW BLUE AMBEROL RECORDS NONBREAKABLE 0RVIS MVSIC UOIJQSE CARNATIONS THE BEST IN THIE WOP" 0 Mbsoula Nursery. Co.