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The Daily Missoulian. [volume] (Missoula, Mont.) 1904-1961, January 03, 1913, Morning, Image 4

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THE DAILY MISSOULIAN
Published Every Day in the Year.
MISSOULIAN PUBIISHING CO.
Missoula, Montana.
Entered at the postofflce at Missoula,
Montana, as second-class mail matter.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
(In Advance.)
Daily, one month ......................... $0.75
Daily, three months ....................... .25
Daily, six months ........................ 4.00
Daily, one year ............................... S.00
'Postage added for foreign countries.
TELEPHONE NUMBER.
Bell...................... 110 Indepene netl....510
MISSOULA OFFICE
129 and 131 West Main Street.
Hamilton Office
221 AMain Street. 1-amilton, Mont.
The Missnullan may be found on
sate at the following newstands out
sidte of Mlontana:
Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen
cy, N. lE. earner 'lark and Madisonl
streets.
Minneapolis-- World News Co., 215
North Fourth stret.
Salt Lake City-MacGillis & Lud
wig.
San Franlisco-Ulniteld News Agents.
IPortlalnd--Conslidated News Co.,
SvXenlth and \Vashinllgtol.
Seattle- Ecklirt's News Agency,
f1rst avenue and WVashington; \V. O.
WVhitney.
Splokane-Jamleson News. Co.
T'm IOl--UT rego News Co., Ninth
and Pacific.
SUBSCRIBEHS' PAPERS.
The Mfissoulian is ansxious to give
the best carrier sorvice; theref.ore, sub
scriibers arc reiIIested to) report faullll
delivery at onice. Inll .ring paperr
change to Iew address,i please give
old address also. .Motey orders andl
cllecks shouil hl Inb, le( Ipayaile to
The Missoulian I'ublishing Company.
I,I l ).\ Y. JA.N t.\I. Y ;;, I I.1:.
MUTUAL INTE'RESTS.
lut ,f the frii'dly dismssisn, hlld
IIt nightl under ]the auttI'lc s l 111th
\lirlsail:1 ('hll:1mhr olf (' nll inn '.rce, hIms
'i ' iti li tt,.r t iitdi t .rs tildilir itinll
tl l l't ]i l Iiit fl' \\We·,sti(rn Il llsnlll is t
t,, thei tltans fGr l' gi.slatti raltino
tihiiti w ill 1,t If r the 1 lr t it ,i this
\ ho~li rI'd'ginl . T'lih: ilIll-lt t th l r Ial
it'y iln tilis ritsl ..t is ljust ;s Ifrf.c'l ti' .
i i e tuly ,thlr" lille' f endh'titr. W\ e
f..l e(.t il tha11t lithe reI l t of last
rlrit's iflllrillail di.s sjith m Will be a
St, rs ,l it a'tin hlielpful toi all Thire
:i sr ll u im t illittl, rs ili t lii, h all ties.t- j
,Iil l l antlll sl h a1 - t dirtet htt ,rest that
it is \itell t iri ;hivi ll i .ln trstliding
i triu 1 'i g l(l 111 it il stirt1 . Thin' are,
l 1 ;ll t: · t r illbllJh lls w Liel.l Col r'n.'
itl' v liir' 51tit' i'tl ir s 'hit 'tij irurt t iri
i,, tilirrle sateo :lilt whithuirl sholr d i ,,
disertissid thhou.ghly by tIis: 1,
really wishir ti sie t i'llhi. iing slsillrn
,if th I' l tgislatrt rir. d', sI imi thing i'b side's
maitrk timel.
FEED THE BIRDS.
'hi rt. ar it', l guir d i i r ll: l. i (. that
al odl t th i :r ill thi.. L lt" . 1111 , , st
, 'I i Ih ii il ltir il t ll ,'lrt ir \\hr," ;t h 'r
i I .'t iu a lls ill ihi d. Stlni ti l I i ill
. , . lit s '11 ru I n \ h it : , l lt h " ol h: I f lfill
ll I , I ii ; :lt.IIn S i 111t Ill, Ii' .is, t i '
l ir It i ' · 'ti ' iii -. ll¢ a h.l . ],irds
i ii f t iri
l- ]lt~l." f ', ' \ t hi, { it at' and trel l s
sI t, . r" 1 1 \ lh1 rhltlrrl \ i ll :ind I l.ti
t otter t ; il t, .il, rt. tl t ttl < \\lh, ;tI.l o th . .
iiil.aiiu s, g ti'lir rr ' I It iter Wr'interi
rail: , Tll uttell ;Irol w c ke -I rc·1 os.
\ . ,t I Iite tre " s I it r*ll I tis 1Iand
crl'tng onir strni t ' i' T s1 i S ti l 1:r')
i'Ir ih re if t ri l i .ter i a. 5 li t.
\ .r ntill I , a s 'i i se I, i ! l I ul i'n itI
h a r 'Thorn ia Uni cblu
I ,ii' 4 w iii i I 'sirnu i- II ' .iilln
Ith;i . r I, t i i t '. is tt fit il t. m d r
\ it mi1i Ih ,I 'fis t i' : I," t tvi'r , t\lh h
ii I~it ". r -11 1 i n.rir
t b.';tr;. d " itrI. .:ffi n ii, k ilniy ni idu I
." c 7 iil' ; ,i- T h, . h , i , s p 'in
- i t, ' . . i , " h iii . l'.
i' s" , vii It Ill, ;i i ll. 1 ii't , Ii' ,' V '
'it l' t I;r, iii al'ni ., s, m i t, inf l i rh
ti,." i.nls tI rut. Ii ri'nis ill lint I lin
Inli iir i' ri rill}' tires,' lirr, ire
tid, tlt', reill liati ipr titi lift sirffi
hient t". iusn l heii to ii r ,i trn r iiagerrll,'
the li" -hrir-ric n i;rs t i t hit n h, if iti
\ st ri" i ll it - il tn ih spring 'emisu
I :; tsi, i' hish diIt , ir the gr'een'
i gs 'rf thle. 'earth. 11t is an e sN .i at-u
tir to feed thern. A pices of suiet ori
lbranchi; a shallow box, placed in tihe
tree ir on a poist, may contain crumlbs,
cracked corn or birdseed. The birds
wi.ll have a fine time tif it. But thei
ttupply should be renewed; it doesn't
cio to disappoint the birds; tley are
sensitive\ littlle fellotw\ s.
AMERICAN OPPORTUNITY.
It apllea rs that the trouble inl Tur
key is prti ic'allyt settled; it seems ccee
tain that thellu Ialnl conft'rteict' dtile
ngates will hi atlk to agree aind that
llto result of their agreemint t \will Iht
that thore will Itt a vast region oi." rich
t rritt rni Ii;is itlt~, l i uIldsytha (tt11. e
territory pass into thjt hands of thit
allies. Tithe passing of this wondelrfully
rich eo nltry frollll lti indifferent
Tullrk spe.ls p.rittlnity. That 1much
af this ttltrtunitly will he America's
is tihe opinion e .il'rt isa iia prtt
i inent co·rr'l.sl.lll lenl in 1a disliatl h Ito
thi ('licaittgo New s.
It is nit too mich to s:l that ionl ctx
Fexli c ent f ioundi ation has been Il aid for
_t!1-riran (untor pri se ill tihe Balkan
tllintriies thrm h th. inrthilli n thal t has
Illbeln rec'ivd in American milln,
workshon s ;lld (TilSl hrltlion Mg,'nei,'
l,, thousands of JI lgar'ians, Stilrs mlid
;ircitks tlh i lli ra il illtt teir his ctOr -
try lr years anld \whlo recently rt
tir srtol fight. it the ilnks of their
ltht in rnits. l nllt-half st f all thes Iul
garians wh\i) reslided in the l'nited
:tates ibfore the t tbegirnnin g otit tihe
tllktn \\tat ire reporiI i ; to i ilell re
turlnei to take part in that conflict.
FilrttIee thotusand itul·garians have
leten enumerated on their return for
war ser'vie. It is the bellllef in Sofia
that in ziearlty all instances these mnen
will remlaill prernanently, withil their
elatives , thus becomling ill i!llpirtant
a.set ins the industrial awakening to
w':trd whihl Ilttlgariat is h!olp'.ftlly
striving.
\\'trktrs who ho'u, gpained I notwledg''
f 11t 0hr lme n ttnh tri;t i miethloI S ill th,.
I'nlted States (i lnot fail to have ;ll
important lnfllunce upon the fltIre of
the awakened itallan rt contries. It is
ill' t n small imllortanet it the 1'nited
t;ll,',- that Amllerican enterprise anlld
nati vi orkmen trained in All'"rica(
are highly rcegardhd Iby the, govern
nl i s tha are soon llg take l il t in
earn, st the task of dev" ' g'lo. ig ll, re
siur'cs of 1he tia.lian plte instula.
Mayor [(lynlr in his '\w role of
i t neel~tst says ihat (tcorg, netiling
tt ni's face was pitted anti e Ire il h d lpoi
tNe lh. olilt layor (litýllir 1m ist admilit
that tlcorgt, malde a great little fatther
of his country.
ri I i;,lit, ;i i1., htr slt;I itt'nlLf r, il{1oll ,
1c J lists . I, Ia y A ll ri( i ( 'ill ' , ul( R - I
'lortlll. to l ll 1 51n1t ell re]ort. Buit 1'r)
I' l ";s.S Taft 'l I, l lIllt ,.s \\,ill 5s55n st gs 1i,.
itiSs .\|l llrt y \ i ;s g in aslliisiigst
. i .s. ll t Ij.l , \s1t ti ii n NeW Yo. rks
g"(,t\ rul0 55555s lltiigllritl1. It is gt
Il tilt In i jill 5i \115 iii I u Wrl iss
.ling ,le h it 1 s ih t i lit 5 C 1 harlie.
.· 'f|*r.s lll1M i S III llc y hI; is silt l f rll , 1 .
;I jul . TIl ph l r,"s ,.f I r1 . \VI lsI'
I r'111 inll i, s l,\\" i tliti t bh(" I i \t \', I st l1
III llsi , ll il;s n td , "I' , In t ' l ittlll.
i(',, h .i ill Is i sll it ilr ;Is ll ,I ch ill
[ i l it' I t(- I lr nli II d. "nll{ ,"r i ll ' l Ilt h is I ;\hl.
I. r 11l1 ri ll 51 iii l i llj I t Is t i ll .ectillos
iltl it ;ihillt p i tiisi e Ill.
tI' P s 1 liilll his rtulllr to sitis ity
Thi . ]1 r ,l t 5 llvst I s i w. l o , i
ii1 i sts 55 i Ii II\'I 5 I(ii titiil't N ift- sis
list. tih ii l . l e y I itl l N .\-V.,lr
55i5;, i isti . i lt
ITh,. 5i5 is pLost 1h s il( t Not put ilt.
h itits 111 11 i linl it til-l rI hvis Cisra d
\', I(1111 thi k ,is 1 goi od ltls y r lt,!' s
,, 0 \" l i t r il 1l· l ' ' I "i" '1 lnmt lJ ill |h, I ' l"
It [,il ii ( :In bright 1f I1- h. 11,
''. i tl t tlil t l 5ll5.5 t S. IT heI re is s .il tilS
I ii t ,ilti n i is l '; i ii t h' I;i ll
i millil'i (i l l' it s i .r i i tll ls \,1,11
l, 1 l, Il . Ill lon a I)' g ti tl ,
I T h, ..i1l t 1>i , it i 'l- ss sit i s l1!. l
, l i:; i' I '- pI itr' lls. \i\'th 1 i,,
. . .. ..i.
• li ll .ii , lt.t I il t 1 1 li , r, i
i ll iiiS t.ll, 5I 5 i - i 1st h s' tltlit ll I ..
,f itr fll'h sintsr. in ll', wior1k.l
1Th, tirryl ill i \ rir il g 11(1(15i it :Ir ii
Ihilt' i bli t ; h t il . llty W ( -s ',it :.it ts he
I" lln*1t lt ottors.
hi,.hsi s iii I. di(t
, i llli ; 1th. '1 i 1t .t' l ti \ iwi
h l 1 y I , o ft lin il ,II,( !s,
rt h , , i l e M. I i I . l ol py i tl rl't . s e, s fli ts
til , til l hoioi s ill il, ha . I. t \ - i'llt
r.' 5'Isg f ;r it.
Iitii h i is sili m i , ih 811 his-ill
h It 't irk s y hiss sittliltllt1 Lilp Iv.lr
Tl , o Ie . n , . rl ' %\ v he ar a h l o t h w wv e a t hl r
in iIther plires te Isimore wve like sour
i. j I t ig ii ;i sllit is l it"; thai i s ir
a n l iatell. illm s t rlI shtis
\Vf' lt' el.h tl.e \\V';Isli '41till dulh lino.
isit i llds I ,l(,ts r '-is is into st'il'ily.
I'llS lilh:lhtts inl] I'illS r;s t ill i'ro. istr
" ity rire ;i Iru llising sllillst ijst Si
'iThe draig .If the. statoir t\:ig(iri is al
Ir tir y lighter iihani it \as.
I [ Ii'osrols1y is it fine thing if Shlt body i
else ials to ipracitice it.
It is ti'er too late to Imaike gool
e resolutionzs
THE FARMER AND THE CHAMBER
There was an interesting caller at The Missoulian office
yesterday afternoon, who came to talk over some questions
which were on his mind and which had given him consider
able concern. We appreciate the compliment which he
implied when he prefaced his little talk by saying: "I
don't know any other friend with whom I can talk over
these things and I know you will listen to them."
This man is a farmer. He owns a good many hundred
acres of land within a few miles of Missoula. He is deeply
interested in what goes on, especially in the efforts of the
chamber of commerce. He is an old-country man, whose
native land is an European country which has been fore
most in establishing intimate relations between the govern
ment and the man who tills the soil; he has studied the
plans of his old-country government.
Here is the first suggestion which this farmer friend of
ours made: If the chamber of commerce wants really to
help the farmers of this part of the state, which is the surest
way to make the city grow, let the members take up the
question of passing a law which will enable the state to loan
money to the farmers at reasonable rates, so they can in
crease their irrigation works and make it possible for more
people to live on the land.
Here is the second suggestion: A recent report of the
geological survey announced the discovery of phosphate
beds, a few miles north of Garrison, a short distance from
Philipsburg and a little way from Elliston-all easily ac
cessible. In the mother-country of our farmer friend, the
phosphate rock has been made the salvation of the farmers.
In that country, where the soil was exhausted when the
phosphate application was begun, the farmers now raise
greater crops than the soil of Montana yields. It would be
the greatest boon for this country if the phosphates could be
developed now. It is a fine field for the chamber of com
merce to enter.
These were the two topics which our visitor suggested
and we found them interesting. He spoke with authority
for he has seen the practical operation of each of the two
plans which he mentioned; he has seen each in effect in his
native land; he knows how greatly they have benefited the
farmers and, through the farmers, the entire country.
It may seem a wide range between farm-loans and phos
phates, but they are really closely related. The farm loan
will become more certain as a security and, therefore, the
more readily obtained, if the productiveness of the soil is
increased. The development of the farms, the increase of
the production and the addition of new farmers to the local
population-these are all questions which directly concern
the chambers of commerce in this region.
We understand that there is to be a bill introduced at the
coming session of the legislature, to enact a law making it
possible for the state to loan its moneys on sound farm se
curity at a low rate of interest. It would be a good thing
if the Missoula Chamber of Commerce would investigate
this plan which is successful in other states and other
nations.
The matter of phosphate development is a timely sug
gestion; it is directly within the scope of the endeavors of
the chamber of commerce. It is just such questions as this
which afford the opportunity for the chamber of commerce
to be of practical benefit to all western Montana. It
strikes us that there is sound sense in the dual suggestion
of our farmer friend.
Immigration
XXV.-How the "New" Immigrant Lives.
By Frederic J. Haskin.
\ sl il~ 1l1 ~f 1114. col dit ju s ttnilt;1`11'Ir
-I Il( it the (prt j P8igra I(I( (i1v8108
nu,,,lling ~ 1.\ 11tier-l i l, serves t it clllijlli·
III,- s(u(88 ItI ths 1I1, is 1.1t( i8t ((ll'01(18.1
hat f1'.. 111 rrl~lll( 'ntly. it is m i11.s8 it"
tii~t r~ iilrl 81i (188~ il~i~l8' I*. pI0 is
sill 1 ill I8 i( w ere I ill -
Smin ~ h`' III l (* ll(It S ('I 1 o ul
m88 ((t 111 l4", Il (1fi11. i differ'1,117 till Il
PI l, (81(1(1i P11 A Si, (("((Il l h Illv 1 (o
\I.].. · i n hif(t1 (01 I I .' 'sent 8 I, fret's -
1118 POI(. I (I !r" (' h (s ; ( lll (8 il ol M I'll.im
iu .\nn rll ;t 1 L, s huns 'tir ii, I sti ii pl vi-,
in:;l ilia hill tnl IhilII11 of tod li\y In
(((I Iunto' 18<1 Hul l 81 IIth ( 1(11 1'(11 (I n11
(((111(lit 1 It 111( 11 ' iups I8(88 an 1( 1 , -
llit( d lift-. in 1 ('1, 1(1' (1(81( t 81 , ( ll-l i h i't
ti fllit '8 1(1(11' P 1"' I 11 (I'.1 ('Ill1di
'n I 'll ( .\ndless t. ll at (8'(l l lc Iit -
,·laý l·l. lIII Ir r.ituii :is Ici v ,l ; I, irett
IIn (''' I ( 1e1' (('(((leulufiP 8 1(1 ( 15188i
l i A n11> 1d1811 tile\ orf whatlI i' ami g
American ma, dor ,Is ithitt oflt a 1'enn
IiI'° ýu ,t t_ ',lt , ill erring Ill ;11 11. 1 .;1r(. \ t~
syt \4itij \' hntito hoiI 8Iits ~ th hous
Peter- I1 1 1:. 11(. (1ts: . 1 11
fll theilanv poor tttIgrailnt , 'ltt, 1111? Her
ile tmuntt'itP , d tU ]careS iti theto the
tionsp fturnishl clelnst.of 11, ;(. these
11unnII I \\ 'r 1 sn II'till jlll 4,r:Titling .I)11
Mons ir i111 !",\\ .1lil1P1 i~ s ttunld )I 'l::n'e
Ihlrir (J.,~,4 , ri u i> 'I'h lr n th'"s,
turd didn woa h its nuthe house: t s~i
hre td" ;t ltiorv -,l' Iu i nil r~i and a
lint! llir uitn nt sl hu> n Iron it hey
lirt', n eh tle n, all ill.. I ;I I'i itsil
moilthi 'S Orl'tiSt that there is some
gdll in dirt and vermin. But the
S\vic-l Lit lnlinsll of the visitor comes
ill aln ll' parasites go out. She
t'nah lis thlan how to feed their chil
dretn, and then invites them to little
,meetings w'hi'li she holds. They come
twast i1 11d n :wtaly dressed, and from
I1mont1h ito ll' 'lith their homes grow
bilteir kleplt and their burdens grow
lighter.
High r'ints ;nid t desire to save pro
dl''es oV''r-cli''vitig ationg the lololr,
lll i\'ve tI illnigra;llt, but especially
attni th" latter. In a small house in
It naha 4GI; (lreeks lived and ate atnd
sltept. In aIll eastern city a ]Rutheninn,
his , if+., tti', children and seven
hard,.l'.s oupied one 'room. In an
taherIt houlse 42 foreigners lived in four
rin.s, each r'oon 13 feet square; while
in aIrith.r pitan,+ 21 foreigners lived In
on 11' lr'oo a l2xIS fr'et. In so)ll board
ing holtes thei' t'idtls are used in two
shiftsb y 1iday \irkers at night and
by night aw'orkers int thei daytime.
inote of thit mst interesting plhatses
of the ines\'.ttigation of the inintigration
)it o It I ll;tdt' y lthe immlr igration
I. tOiissin ll u t' III..tiIed the condition of
the homes of i nuntigrlants in cities.
l'rhllips tht. n'l'st strikinlg result was
the shel\\'illing it it., large percentage
oIf cli,Iil linlls among ilnlnigrants, In
spite of thetir bi itlle forced so often to
reside in dist rit t- where proper stand
;Int's i" tloinlin* as are hardest to
nulintain. Tht ti'estigalion covered
nltor, tiIll 10"u0il households, in which
liv,.d uti a,,trd of ;10,000 people. These,
houeshnhlis \it r I ..atcd in New York,
tihla.,. I 'hitait llthia, Boston. Cleve
Iln. iluff:al and Milw\aukee. IFour
liftl s ,,f l lrsl hlutIsehiolds were In
apriltllmell s of fllour rooms or less. A
third Iof th. nl wer four-room apart
i it' lIs, ;l li n trl' ,i third were three
ruoin ali;rtmle ts. While nearly all of
ti,. htosehnhls of the new immlllgration
h:lld :bolt li\. Iltile for every two
atsleIt in rooml' si . i t " still ianaged to
keie"p tluings tairly clean in a large mta
j.rity -f' tiheir h.tles. in more than
h, il ,fthII hI,"i tt ' h. lds of the foreigll
ors IliI. I havir uit nie rooni ,outside of
tIl" sl]teepiig rolnlsl, iand in one-eighth
of them tlhy' had lilt rooats except the
sci'piing rooms.
i mi re' thanl ,I -ftourth of the for
·ign h,"s hbohis Irlders were kept,
whliile in on,--ti nth l"t' the native house
hols w''rei' b ,'ard rs folund. As is the
ruile' in moi,st things, thlle children of im
migrantts s' 1n to i abo lut half Anmeri
'nnl 1.l hatlf forl'eigtners in this respect.
Irne-sixth of theiir households have
i Ilrdelrs. The etltuiliment of the aver
age foreiigner's lIa1me was only about
half as good is that of native Amerl
neans, in such iimatters as water supply,
toilet aomliltit isdathin and other facill
ties. All o0 these co.v..nneedg aI'
found much more frequently among the
people of the "old" immigration than
among those of the "new." And yet,
in spite of all the drawbacks of over
crowding, keeping boarders, having
only one room they did not have to
sleep in, lacking proper equipment, and
the like, only one-seventh of the
Syrians had homes in which conditions
were bad, only one-fifth of the Sloven
lans, only one-sixth of the Slovaks,
Poles and Hebrews, and only one-tenth
of the Magyars.
The foreigners of the new immigra
tion are famous for their societies. It
is estimated that there are a hundred
national societies of one kind or an
other among the Italians of the coun
try. There are estimated to be 7,000
societies and clubs of all kinds among
the Poles of the country, and they have
an aggregate membership of some 800,
000. Among the Slovenians there are
some 1,500 clubs and societies, with a
total membership approximating 1'25,
000. Among the Slavic peoples in Eu
rope there is a communal tendency.
The lands near the villages are culti
vated on a communal basis, and all
prosper, or starve, together. Their so
cieties and clubs in the United States
are a reflection of this.
There are a large number of churck
organizations. Some of these pay sick
and death benefits, and nearly all of
them are under the ultimate control of
the spiritual advisers of the people.
There are also many secular organiza
tions looking to the protection of their
members in case of sickness and death.
The Italian government always has
taken a deep interest in the Italian im
migrant, and has instituted a protective
society for Italian labor, which is sup
ported partly by a government appro
priation and partly by monthly pay
ments from its members. Among the
Poles there are a large number of mili
tary societies. Usually there are one
or more such societies in every Polish
center, and the members are drilled
like soldiers. A Polish priest has es
timated that there are 20,000 Poles re
ceiving some sort of military training
in the United States, in anticipation
of the day when their beloved Poland
attempts to free itself from the grip
of Russia.
The main body of the "new" immi
gration is Catholic. Out of 1,000,000
immigrants arriving probably 600,000
are of Catholic affiliations. It is es
timated that during the past 20 years
10,000,000 ('atholics have come to
America. 'To shepherd these millions
of souls, speaking 30 different lan
guages, to soothe race hatred and na
tional prejudices, and do the many
other things that such a situation in
volves, are problems the like of which
no ecclesiastical body ever has had to
meet.
When the foreigner takes his recrea
tion it is usually in a spirit of relaxa
tion. They go at their games in a
leisurely, easy-going way that is not
calculated to quicken the pulse or ex
cite the enthusiasm. They love their
holidays, however, and have as many
of them as the exigencies of their em
ployment will permit. Holy and festal
days and weddings and christenings
are happy times with them.
IlArgely banished by poverty to the
poorer parts of the cities, compelled
by circumstances to live among sur
roundings that are often unwholesome,
in neighborhoods that frequently are
skirted by the worst elements of our
native life, treated with contempt by
the majority of the native population,
it is no wonder that the immigrant
often seems unresponsive to American
ideals and disposed to hold out against
a process of assimilation. Men and
women who patiently can bear the
things that the average "new" immi
grant must bear, are, according to
those who know them best, men who
will leave after them a progeny worthy
of their adopted country.
(Tomorrow -- Immigration. XXVI.
Some Unsolved Problems.)
A SUGGESTION 1
Editor, Missoulian:-The question
of sewers on the south side has been
before the public a number of times
and it appears from the various dis
cussions that a vast majority of the
owners of property on the south side
desire to see sewers built. The only
objection that seems to be urged is
the uncertainty of tile cost of building
said sewer.
Now then, what is the solution?
I would suggest that the people on
the soulh side form a Protection ('on
struction company with a capital stock
of $20,000 or $30,000.
Let two or three hu.ndrrd of the
property owners on the south side
form a corporation, each one taking
nme share of the capital stock by pay
ing into said corporation $100 and
thus make the capital stock 20 or 30
thousand dollars. This will enable us
to buy all necessary .machinery and
would furnish us a working capital.
This company could hire experts in
this line of work and could perfect an
organization equal to the organization
of any construction company.
Enter into competition with other
contractors in the bidding on the work
to be done. In this way we will get
the sewers on the south side and all
other improvements built at actual
cost by the concerted action of two
or three hundred property owners.
Surely we can trust ourselves.
t'hargo up the actual cost of build.
ing the sewer and guarantee to turn
back into the city treasury upon the
cmlpletion of the work every dol
lar of surplus, thus making the
actual (ost of the sewer the true
cost to be paid by the property
owners.
The Iooks of the corporation could
he audited by a public accountant and
a square deal guaranteed to the prop
erty owners within the improvement
district.
This company could hire our home
people to do the work and every dol
lar outside of the actual cost of the
pipe would be kept at home and we
would thus add a large portion of the
$300,000, estimated cost of the sewer,
to the pay-roll of the city.
When the work of building the sewer
is completed this construction com
pany could possibly take up other
lines of work of public improvement.
All that this will require is a proper
display of public interest in a pub
lic enterprise that has a right to de
mand of every good citizen his time
and his ability in this behalf.
Very respectfully,
ELMER E. HERSHEY.
Missoula1 JSn. 2t ,S$
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INDIAN IS PARDONED
BY TAFT
EIGHTY-YEAR-OLD FLATHEAD,
CONVICTED OF BOOTLEGGING,
WILL NOT SERVE.
Helena, Jan. 2.-(Special.)--Michel
Yaktelame, an 80-year-old Flathead In
dian who recently pleaded guilty in
the federal court at Butte to bootleg
ging, has been pardoned by President
Taft, according to a telegram received
by District Attorney Freeman. Tha
court deferred sentencing Yaktelame
when he plaeded guilty until a later
date, which now will never come.
Apparently the certificate stated that
because of the Indian's age, confine
ment might result fatally for him.
Yaktelame amassed a comfortable
fortune in the stockgrowing business.
He entrusted $20,000 to ('olonel Mc
(;owan of Plains for safe keeping.
Half-breeds and young bucks worked
upon his fears so that he asked ('olo
nel McGowan for the money, and re
ceived it all in gold. Yaktelame put it
in a trunk and stored the trunk in an
unused cabin. Some half-breeds and
bucks visited him one night, got himt
drunk, and when he awakened and
looked for his $20,000 it had disap
peared.
TAFT AND HIS BROTHER
ARE MIRED IN THE MUD
Washington, Jan. 2.--President Taft
took his brother, Henry \V. Taft, for a
ride yesterday in one of the White
House automobiles and the story of
the sightseeing trip b).came noised
around today. The president chose a
New Virginia. road, but before he had
traveled far, mud made the way im
passable. The president and his
brother decided to walk back to the
MWhite House, but before they halt
gone far, the machine overtook them,
having been pulled out of the mud by
at farmer's team.
PLANS FOR DANCE
ANNOUNCED
ALL MONTANANS INVITED TO IN
AUGURAL BALL AT HELENA
NEXT WEEK.
Helena, Jan. 2.-(Special.)-All ar
rangements have been perfected for
the inaugural ball and reception to be
held next Monday, January 6. at the
capitol building for the new state of
ficers and their wives. No invitations
have been sent out, but every Mon
tanan is invited and will be welcomed.
The reception will be held in the gov
ernor's reception chamber, while dan.c.
ing will be held in the law library on
the floor above.
In the receiving line will be Gov
ernor and Mrs. S. V. Stewart; Con
gressman-elect and Mrs. Stout; Con-.
gressman-elect J. M. Evans; Senator
and Mrs. T. J. Walsh and Mayor and
Mrs. R. R. Purcell. Both the incom
ing and retiring justices of the su
preme court and their wives, the lieu.
tenant governor and the state senators
and their wives will also be in the re
ceiving line.
On the reception committee will be
the speaker of the lower house, the
members and their wives and the of
ficers and their wives from Fort Wil
liam Henry Harrison.
STATE FOREST PLAN.
Madison, Wis., Jan. 2.-A tax levy
of one-tenth of a mill yearly for 20
years for the benefit of the state for
est reserve is to be recommended to
the legislature Iy the state conserva
tion connmission. The anlnoacement
was made today by the commission
which has estimated the fund thus
ral.:ed would amount to more than
$5,000,000 in the two decades and
would permit the state to make land
contracts and add to its forest re
serve, which now covers 400 acres.
SCHOONER WRECKED.
St. Pierre, Milquelon, Jan. 2.-The
British schooner Mary Smith is a total
wreck on the sand dunes at Port
Langdale and two members of her
crew are dead.
H IGH cost of low and cuts the grocery
living! Coffee bills. You'll find it
dulls "the zest o' an economical and
life." Van Houten's wholesome substitute
Dutch cocoa stimu- f o r harmful cof
lates good health- fee.

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