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TTHE WEATHER mISSOULIAN
V, To4pSnow.. cold w;e. wAvoidthe Y to vmt I .IE '*ouomw,,-ir . .It bosgy ,nw VOL XXXIX. NO. 249,,.... MISSOULA, MONTANA, TURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 9, 1913. PRICE FIVE CENTS CORPORATION MACHINE HAS ITS WAY IN THE HOUSE "PROGRESSIVE" DEMOCRATS VOTE WITH THE REACTIONARY REPUBLICANS ORDEAL FACED BYW kCCUSED JURIST JUDGE ARCHBALD SITS BEFORE AfAR OF THE SENATE AND HEARS SELF ARRAIGNED. A IJMENTS ARE SEVERE Representative Sterling Says He Has Been Convicted of a "System of Con duct, Which He Has Carried On With the Railroads, So Rank That it 'Smells to Heaven.'" Washington, Jan. 8.-Judge Robert W. . Archbald of the United States commerce court, sitting with his at torney@ before the bar of the senate today, heard his conduct and his in tegrity as a judge arraigned in bitter terms at the opening of the arguments that will terminate the impeachment case brought against him by the house of representatives for alleged miscon, duct in office. . Representative John A. Sterling of Illinois, his interrogator yesterday in the cross-examination before the sen ate,, summing up today the case against Judge Archbald, declared that the evidence showed him unworthy of public office and convicted him of a "system of conduct which he has car ried on with the railroads so rank that it 'smells to heaven.'" It probably will be late tomorrow before Judge Archbald's attorneys take the floor to answer the charges and to sum up his defense. Two days more of argument remain. The clos ing speeches 'will be by the house anatagers. Representatives Webb of North Carolina, Howland of Ohio and Floyd of Arkansas, took up today individual counts against the judge, analyzed the evidence presented by the witnesses, and reiterated in strong terms the opening charges of Mr. Sterling that the accused jurist had been proved un fit for further service upon the bench, or other positions of public trust. "The evil of the course of conduct that has been pursued by Judge Arch bald is the effect it has upon the pub lic mind," declared Representative SterUng. "The times now are preg nant with the sentiment that there is corruption in high places; justified in some instances, and not justified in others. But in the case of Judge Archbald, from the conduct which we have proved against him, it seems to me that it puts 'on trial that. part of the constitution relating to impeach ment., "If Judge Archbald is not convicted of these offenses and removed from office, the verdict will be that the constitution is at fault, and that when a' man commits offenses of the char acter he has committed, the people have no redress. If the senate does convict Judge Archbuld, if the consti tution in this case is complied with, as I believe it will be, the people again will turn to the old constitution as their refuge." Mr. Sterling declared the specific charges against Judge Archbald, at least many of them, were not the sin gle grounds upon which the house alked for his removal from office. Re viewing Judge Archbald's correspond ence with Attorney Helm Bruce of the Louisville & Nashville railroad as to a decision in which the commerce court ultimately gave the award to the rail. road, he said: "I believe the inevitable and logical and reasonable conclusion is that Judge Archbald, by reason of his as sfbtance from Helm Bruce, was able to convince.the court that their first decision was wrong and compelled them to reverse it. "We are impelled to the conclusion that Judge Archbald was determined and I am Inclined to think he wrong ly was determined-to have that case decided in favor of the Louisville & Nashville railroad." LOSS ON ORANGES WILL BE IMMENSE Los Angeles, Jan. 8.-Twenty-five million dollars was the amount fixed today by consensus of opinion regard ing the loss sustained by citrus fruit growers in the three days' freeze end lng today. This figure is not official. Earl G. Desell, assistant general manager of the California Fruit Growers' exchange, said today that accurate estimates of "amage could not be made for several days, but $25,000,000 is regarded as a conservative estimate. Estimates run as high as $40,000,000. Oranges advanced 50 cents a box to day oa the Los Angeles wholesale market. This was -a direct result of the fleese. Grapefruit, which also suf fered heavily in the last three days of TURKEY, MUST FINALLY YIELD GREAT POWERS PRACTICALLY DECIDE TO ADVISE GIVING UP OF ADRIANOPLE. RAIMALS HAVE A PLAN Would Complete Expulsion of Mos lems From Europe and Make Con stantinople an Au,.tonomous City Un der European Control-Austria Still Refuses to Disband Troops. London, Jan. 8.-Whether Adrianople will capitulate directly to the besieging forces, or yield because of pressure by the powers, is the question which oc dupies alike the minds of the peace delegates and those at the ambassa dorial. conference. Balkan delegates are confident Adrianople will yield to one pressure or the other in a few days. The am bassadorial conference is marking time in the hope that the Adrianople diffi culty will solve itself and make inter ference by the powers unnecessary. The' conference also, is hampered by the agreement that any decision for interference must be unanirnous. Should Adrianople hold out and the peace conference be suspended it- may become imperative for Europe to in tervene to enable her to dictate in the creation of an autonomous Albania and the partition of the Aegeari islands. It is suggested that Adrianople must be ceded to the wogra .:who wopld transfer the city to the allies after per mitting the Turkish garrison to depart with the honors of war and guarantee ing preservation of religious and prolperty rights to the Turks. Some of the more radical of the delegates of the allies hold that Europe should compllete the expullsioll of Turkey from Europe by making Constantinople an autlltnomous city under BEuropean control, and outline a system to give a civilized governmenot to Asia Minor. They hold that if some steps are not taken, the Bialkan difficulty will be repeated in Asia Minor. A grave asplect of the situation is tile failure of Austria to demobilize in spite of Servia's evacuation of the Adriatic coast. Austria's action in slome quarters is held to be the result of the turning oiver of the direction of affairs by Fnm peror Francis Joseph to the crown prince, who is said to he strongly in fluenced by reactionary elements op posed to the resurrection of the Ser vian and Slav races. As the Powers Stand. Paris, Jan. 8.-It was learned here today that the great powers practically reached an agreement to advise Tur key to recede from her position on the question of Adrianople. But the pow ers are not in harmony concerning the' disposition of the Aegean islands. The triple entente--Great Britain, FIrance and Russia-is inclined .to back the desire of the allies of the cession of the islands to Greece, but the triple alliance--Germany, Austria and Italy favors leaving to Turlkey those islands near the Turkish coast, panticularly those close to the Dardanelles. Difficulty is being experienced in the (settlement of the question of Albania. Austria shows no disposition to modi fy her attitude and is anxious to in clude Scutari within the limits of the new Albania. It is understood the powers will make no representations to the portf before the end of the week. The impression prevails in France ,that Austria will not demobilize until all the delicate Balkan questions have been settled. The presence of Servian troops on the road to Durazzo and other Albanian points has • been a source of irritation to Austria. There is no sign of the retirement of the Austrian forces from the Servian and Albanian frontiers. freezing weather, went up 25 cents a box. Temperatures around 30 degrees were expected tonight in some parts of the citrus region, but the weather bu reau assured growers that tomorrow morning would mark the end of the necessity of burning smudges in the groves. According to an official statement by the Los Angeles &hamber of Com merce, which concluded today a care ful inquiry into the damage to citrus crops, the early estimate of loss to crops have been exaggerated greatly. The exact damage will not be known for weeks. Later examinations may show that not more than 80 per oent of the fruit has been injured material ly, depending on weather conditions. A BITTER PILL .f y NA 10M . O'S ix,, TXPRESS You GOTTA SwAb1L'ýL E 1T, MYt*-' .'· fppe eti 9CII~YI - i, >u RAILROADS SUBMIT A PRoPOSI1IiN , TWENTY-FOU'R THOUSAND EM* PLOYES ON EASTERN LINES MAY TAKE STRIKE VOTE. New York, Jan. 8.-To arbitrate or take a strike vote was the alternative tonight confronting the representatives of 24,000 firemen of 50 eastern rail roads. Through their conference comn mittee, the managers of the roads re jected today the firemen's proposal to arbitrate under the Erdman law their demands for increased pay and other concessions. The railroads made two counter propositions: First-To meet with the firemen's representatives and appoint an arbi tration committee of seven. Second-To follow the precedent set in the case of the Brotherhood of Lo comotive engineers, and refer the de mands to a tribunal of seven men, one each to be appointed by the parties concerned and the other five to -be named by the federal labor commis sioner, the presiding judge of the com merce court, and the chief justice of the supreme court. The railroads objected to having the demands arbitrated under the Erdman law for four reasons, among them be ing the fact that three men would set tle the controversy. This they thought plau d too great responsibility upon the one rlan who would cast the deciding vote. President Carter of the firemen's, organization and the district leaders will meet the committee of railroad managers tomorrow morning, and it is expected that the firemen's reply to the railroads' counter proposition will be announced then, CONTESTS DISMISSED. Butte, Jan. 8.-(Special.)-The elec tion contest cases are out of court. Judge J. ,M. Clements of Helena, after listening to the arguments of a bril liant array of attorneys during the entire morning, sustained the motion of Attorney James E. Healy, dismiss ing the proceedings on the ground that the 20 days in which the hearing should have been commenced had ex pired, and he, therefore, did not have any jurisdiction. The socialists were granted time in which to prepare and file a bill of exceptions. An appeal will be taken to the supreme court. BUTTE MINER IKILLED. Butte, Jan, 8.-(Special.)-A. D. Ross, single, 22 years, was killed in the Bell mine this morning by falling down a chute on the 1,500-foot level. Ross was working by hblnelf and lit tit is known of the accident. He Was mised about 4 o'clock this morning, and a search revealed his lifeless body in a chute. BUYS TETON BONDS. Helena, Jat. 8.-(Special.)-The Northwestern Trust company, recently acquired by the Hill interests, has purchased $100,000 worth of Teton county bonds, according to a tele gram received by James A. Shoe maker from W. P. Kenny, traffic man ager of the Great Northern, and one !of the officials of the trust company. ,ART-AL IS DEPOSED THE WAY VOTED In. 8.-(Special.)--At a a progressives of the Anate tonight, Repre . Henley- of Missoula was rhosIen secretary of the caucus in the place of Carnal of Hill, who this morniing voted against the pro gressives on the motion to table the Annin motion for a comlnmittee on commiiiittees. Ilelpresenltative Glenn of .\eagrher and Ellingson "f Carbon mat with the canucus for Ihe first tim, tonight. Senator t(rallde of Meagltr was also present for the first till'. All three are prominont additions to the progressive ranks. SURVIVORS RELATE HOW ROSECRANS MET END LIFESAVER TELLS HOW VAIN AT TEMPTS WERE MADE TO RESCUE THE CREW. Astoria,. ire., Jan. 8.-Until the gale, which tcon|Jtinued to rage all day with oult any apparent signs of cessa ttion, moderates, no attempt will lie made to remove fran the Columbia river light ship, the I'oint Adams lifesaving crew and two survivors of the tank steaoner Roisecrans, which went ashore on Pea cock spit yesterday. After waiting until late tonight in the hopei thait the storm would abat. sufficiently to enable tile transfer of the mlari~oned seamen, the tug One onta, which had been standing by since midbriight Monday, returned to Astoria. The Oneonta brought news that ail on board the lightship are tyell except Captain Wicklund of the lifesaving crew, who is suffering from an in jured arm. The Oneonts was unable to get into any except the briefest communlln ation with those on the light ship. She learned that one of the survivors was Erick Llndmark, ,the Rosecrans' ship carpenter, but the names of the surviving quartermalster and that of the dead oiler, she did not ascertain. Quartermaster Talks. Frederick Peters, who was washed ashore on North beach, was brought here late today. Before leaving II waco, Peters attempted to identify the eight bodies that have come ashore. lie remembered all of them as belonging to the crew, but waP able to recall the name of only one, George Nelson, one of the quarter masters. Fred Peters, the quartermaster of the wrecked boat Roseerans, who drifted ashore on a plank atll Tioga, six miles from the scene of the disaster, is resting at the home of M. V. Marks at Tioga. lie said today there were eigt. men on duty at the time of the disaster and 28 men I1 their berths. The night was a wile one, but It was decided by the offiee in command that it would not be toe hazardous to attempt the entrance ti the Columbia In the storm and rair (Continued on Page Seven) WO RSI STORMI YE1 IS NOW RAMING IN CASCADES NEAR SUMMIT OF THE RANGE BLIZZARD PREVAILS AND TRAFFIC IS BLOCKED. Nuc'lde, Jfall. t.-Thl worst Snow sttiri f ithe1 season is raginlg Lit the CI'ascind mountains tonight, according <to I'",lort,1't. r oc+lved at the offl'Icc o' tille I'hi'gu, Milw\alukee & St. Paul rail way. lTen ilolihes of lighllt snow fell durinlg tht (Ily alld tit laen1ni , i lr tlihe sIntnii 'oi f tihe r llnge t ii 1'Plt'k, lthe l 1tr1 lintln (itlseod to a. blizzard. T'he Mllwiitkoo is lrining trainix lnio hoiurs late. The train frolli ('liiago, due here til iclock tonlglht, airrived it l.lonit iat thalt hour aind lwa held li awant the lellling of l a »ai ll alld itt had jult swept dowin tlhe tiou til thlis cIdel, f the Hunniilt. I iper tilung fll'filaS sadl the slhl, waxs not sertious anid ItIe track probulily would ei cleared c.o5r,.. The Northern Pacific. Nortl hern Il flle fficltt sinhI a lIglht snow fell till daly aIlonig their tltountal1ti lin indl tlhey were optitinstle of having no f'la'her trouble, unlil they recelved wolrd of tI illipprotllh iiof thel itel.y tntwSltllon, whlch struck the MIllwaittkte' line at Ii o'ctlock. Tlihs ltoril plirohaldy will cross, before miihd nighlt, theit trainsversi e ldiv ielepurillting tt Milwlituke andttl thlo Northern Pla The Northtern 1'icifli nlght trails front the east were repiorted six huitiLri late with lrobability of fuirthr dielay, Ileur hiours ofi thli illay was ittri ltittel to ltioible of lthe i Htscide th liOUl The hlrdel of lin fighting the SIinow bliekad, in the tJreat Northern, whIil thas liee ltied tip ince lust lrtidlay, ire facitung the ltasklt f reitovi.lug virtunilly all the inow frtom the muntaitnside above the tl'rucks. As fast ai one slide is tleared away, anithter colnles tubling dotwn and the work has to ibe dotne over again. Ilelsirts frontl the imountains ldl be kept up until tithe steorms iha iV lpassed. Captain P. II. Kalrbee oif the stntn ship Jeanie, which arrived fr.on Alatiska tonight, relrted that li, n-,l coUltrtrd a suiccession of gils till the way down the e..t. T'ihe Jeanttie sighted a deslerted boat tand several dorits adrift in Clarence strait. The fate of lth fislrmnen who tmanned the boat was iuniikniown. Cable advices from southwestern Alaska saHy a fierce gale Is blowing there. A BAS COFFIN NAILS. Malden Rock, WVis., Jan. R.-Radical measures have been adopted by the school board of Spring Valley to stamp otit the use of snuff and cigarettes Iby the pupilsi of the school. A resolu tion hias been adopted that no pupil using tobaecti or liluor in any form Sshall be advanced. HELENA WANTS ONE PHONE. Helena, Jan. 8.-(-Specdal.)-The Helena Rtetail Merchants' association a it its annual meotlng last night adopted resolutions favoring the con sididatlon of the two telephone sys tetms, as was done at Great Falls re cently. Followers of Jefferson Repu diate National Party by Per mitting Speaker to Name the Committees---E. C. Day Placated With a Chairmanship. (Staff Correspondence) Helena, Jan. 8.-The progressives again stirred up things in the house, and by a motion by Annin of Yellowstone, compelled the democrats to repudiate the precedents set by their party in both the house and senate at Washington and more recently in the state senate here. The Annin motion was that the speaker this day appoint the committee on rules heretofore provided for and that the committee when appointed forthwith report to the house a rule providing for the selection by the house itself of a committee on committees of three democrats, one progres sive and one republican. Day of Lewis and Clark moved to table, which prevailed by the solid vote of the democrats and republicans, exceot Crull of Musselshell. The progressives voted as solidly against tabling, except Carnal of Hill, who deserted to the enemy. An arrangement of yesterday between the so-called pro gressive democrats and the real progressives, by which the former were to vote for a motion by .Day of Lewis and Clark, to reconsider the vote temporarily adopting the rules of the Twelfth assembly and thus afford the progressives an opportunity to renew their motion for a committee on com mittees, which had been declared out of order by the speak er previously, fell through by the flunking of the demo crats. In this emergency Annin forced the matter upon the house, with the result stated. Senator Edwards, standpat republican, and Whiteside, machine democrat, and the followers of both, worked hard and successfully to line up the forces which saved the cor poration scheme to smother reform legislation by hostile committees. |'cinl)%l, Woh lt.\ l iuHnteld ftol" fil, 11en te. Illlls were in nI ,,d: I++ S.,tult, t"nrgui, ifor +i' a ,llutl l iii ro llll lllnt'tldlll t'lle Iti ttli i ('ims tlttlio1n ; le':try, relNtl ng" to till 'tti oil"ll' ' l la : till \tto:r'hn; t e' ti , 'r :t ' lai, utillliti I ny the tltt rilr : l ba llllllll. H l ln. l 'yirnl its , le IlI ' l Ia ltark, )r if pl (t utilll i creo ltllt m ll; I Ilrs n, f:ri the d vI ti ',t lf tii' t i g inu 's disi rltt.h ; uto giie t'rohit o l l ;L tilion; i t ilta ri i l d) ..]e lh r( e, t'hl 'L :t [lt , r tlllI Blake Seated. 'Nl'h. hous eiOsu t i r, n . (I el tIonl ;| Ihtt, B tla e Seartd iiia. I |,ti tttd utriid vurti tII(M lutIini't i I I it\.' wiu ir withoit division A colllll ltllia ti( ll Wls rl iul IIfro'ti vilt g Voterol, g riving : record tl t h lue pliatl - dt.liiu gruditt1 d 111tii11a i htH ip 't'tdi h .g tWO yours, fltet s l ull on t i f ti ondl11 l ('ti tt it ' o111 ttr he deTth lof tir tllt llthllelr of l tt(I ',sent( a tlvt MeNatlly w,<.r, readdl l adopted.l A grtlu t irltl Iu- , lm, olhe ,s o.i Itlls wlpre given, ithe progriiiad +vs il thits wtay tav ering till the ler ks l. i lther statt, platform. , I ll th.llllli n l s wIr. " ;. v ln: 1 , l)rnikat rd, to i ,revent lo bhying; 4l'Nell, tonnagell l road( llt,; N-rt onll, ull-tcl'r 'hiln el l to Iprevultl tils4r'l tllall ion ugnlllH IUtlhl I tllon lls li; ., Ih'Wing, fLor selli-mont hly payml n ' li 'l l of I mploy.'s. and to glovern aslgmolitiIt of wttg',s; Walker, for expenses, ,t'., Ail' the its sentbly; icl.aholn, a general highway law. A resolutiton by Kirsahwing was adopted, ,1rnhdlug for ths appoint Inent of In ofl'lh la stenographer, whose dtuty it shall be to ntake unld filh verbatim retprts tof the proc'eed Two committees were announced as Approprial itIns - MoNutlly, Hlutte; Clark; hickles, It.slbud; O'Nelill es ter; Hiuddlestotne, Silver Bow; t'hlrke, OUTSIDE INTERESTS FINANCED MADERO New Orleans, Jan. 8.--The senate c.lmnmitten investi'gating Mexlhn'n con ditions heard testimony today concfrn ing contributions to the Madero rev. lutlonary fund in 1911, through New ( Igeans agents. Fernando IP}reiJa admitted he handled in April, 1911, a check for $30,000, which, he said, represented a contri bution by a mahogany firm in Yuca tan. The money was paid to Pino Suarez, nowv vice president of Mexic:, by b'relia, according to his statement. Senator WVilliam Alden Smith, chair man of the committee, who is conduct ing the investigation here, questioned Frelia closely and learned that when (hlrk; K ing.'h1ii n , ( 'tnl ; tlth; rl, ('nat, ,I ti u; Johnal. n 11111, 11111 r l linl si R .\L'e li'. P lark; Niurtlt, Silver It, l ; Sew art, U(nllttin; Swielt, Suntlld rsi ; ('lay, \'alley; Ihtikl , 1)a -r LIdu e; Elling s|iml0, ('0a h); ]lrowt-r, Missoula; 'rilippin, Y1 , lluv tatt,; Meli. a , I.t valll, all l ,In tltan, Imi\ . n. lIy mIoI 1)l' il mollltion offered by Jol'dall otf l,'hathead, thl, Journal of tho firHt ily was cai lrritcteld o itH to show tho .11lmin I oIan| f'or i m te ,lllllll o on Olil liti'S raled lilt Ii' order by tlhe speak.r, i s well IlS lhe other lprogres. slivt-' IIIIIn lto ptll ii. ti111 limit un conslieratlin of bills by coninlttees. MANAGER OF STEWART GIVYE. HIS TESTIMONY VWallace, Ilatho, Jl nt. . -Testflying ltoday In the l district cuttrot here In the sulit of till, Stwart Mning comllpany againstlll lili ()ttinhtarlt tom lntlly to quiet title to the Ontario vein, W. M. Bacon, nlunaglr of the Sthwart company, car r'borntatd the testimnony of Chief En giner \VillI:lla A. (C'ancy Uatio tthe (llp of the l is,(lisi elhd vtein from the atl Ih,'el Stll\ 't at IaieIx into Onttarlo griuinl. Iltalnnl texltlild also that It w\i throullgh the eiforts of thel Stew. iart ilitlany t.o nittcotvltr ltre In Its cltiminH L hat the Onttlrio company first bectiame convlined that the Ontario cvalimt contained \'aluable bodies of lead and silver. COLD WAVE BREAKS. S:tn Franclsco, Jan. S.-Rain this mnrnlng blrought relief from the dis astrlous coltl wave. Fromt San Frut. (lcco northward there was a pIlentiful fall, accomplllanied by heavy snows In the ilmountallns. this contribution was received, the Ma doio revolution was hard pressed for funds. Freija told the committee of a num her of shipments of arms and ammu nition he had made within the year to the Madero faction in Mexico, and de cla red that it shipment was made with tile knowledae and consent of the Washington administration. In the matter" of the $30,000 contri bItion to Senor Suarez. Senator Smith sought to ascertain whether the oon tributor had any relations with an A Inerican concern said to be interested in the production of jute in Yucatan. Frcija could not enlighten the commit tee on this point.