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Tk DAILY MISSOULIAN
Putsbihed Every Day in the Year. IBSOUTLIAN PUBLISHING CO. Missoula, Montana, Entered at the postoffcee at Missoula, Montana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance.) Daily, one month ........................$0.75 Daily, three months . ....................... 2.25 Daily, six months .......................... 4.00 -ally, one year ................................. 8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell.................110 Independent...510 MISSOULA OFFICE 129 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 221 Main Street, Hamilton, Mont. The Missoulian may be found on sale at the following newstands out side of Montana: Chicago--Chicago Newspaper Agen cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison streets. Minneapolis-World News Co., 219 North Fourth street. Salt Lake City-MacGills & Lud wig. San Francisco -United News Agents. Portland-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington. Seattle - Eckart's News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. O. Whitney. Spokane-Jamieson News. Co. Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Mi'ssoulian is anxious to give the best carrier service; therefore, sub scribers are requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper change to new address, please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable to The Missoulian Publishing t'ompany. - 1 _ SATt'ItDAY, JANUARY 11, 1913. THE DICEBOX RETU'RNS. Either as an ,xpl.rilment, to see how it would be received, or as a bluff, to (ralte the impression that it is not ifrai of the law, the dicehox has nade its allppearance upon thle coun tcrs of cigar A-tores and the like. It (amel back. The date of its arrival was coincident wiith the advent of the new year and the beginning of a new county 1 adinllistration. This may have been 1 mterely a cnincidllenee. There are plenty of folks w\\h are willing to say that they do nIIot believe it was "lmerely" this; It buIt t us (believe it was until we are shown that it was Iot. '(The question is niot aIs to the wisdom of thIe law which forbids the dicebox along with other gmbllllling devices. It is sufficient that the law\ does forbid the dilIebox. Tihe law is plain. L]ist year the eoun13ty attorney gave warnillg that it would not tie permitted. There s no excullse for the violation of the law; there is tilling ito be saidt ill ex t tlllu tioll of thl \.iolationl . If tile dice-i x11 o is to ie permitted, thei law tIllust he replakel. The law is clear 1 upon 1 this point. The duty of the officers In th, I matter ailnits of ,,o c'irclunllcution ort CvOasi1an. ADJOURNED. 'The legislatture talk(s a weeck-lend rest. Until Mn1day tllhere will bIe noth- t ing cldoing ill the Ilegislati\ve halls. There are two days of rest. 1ut thiey will be busy, dais unlelss w\\'e ll' r listakln'll. The evients of the openlling \tweek of lthb, s.s Str lllenuous tles ahe;ilt.1, and thalt theI mlll who l ; it )11 the job Will have to stay Ihr11 all the while if they ,expect 1 t la'l onm1plish ; yltIvhilig. t Ses all es of ithel goivertolr laid doiwn plaitnl !lh , duty ,f th,' I,'g!.l;li re and s2ho\\wed 'le;trly'] \I hal thie sta "e expeclts of the la\ ~kner.. It is now top to tihe metl( , r. 1'f till, alSellllbly to makel good. There is stroI, g ,losition to, the ful fill 111 t of plll '1.r1 promllises; this lmuc'h has h 'vel iopled already. (ti, this acco(nt, the own v II,,se purpose is to nItakle gootl \iii hluve to kIolp W\ 'kiiNg 011 the tI!;. . Th1.y Iliay I.,e aisrlltied that the ,int r fellws will never rest. ON THE MAP. IExperiene, sovrs that \ih ln i. dis trict in th,, li:ilkan pi llins.ila is given Iwhat ithe ItltErepoain diplomaits call 'aultonomly" it soill gatins a lace nil the na11111 s a separate antl inrtllepend ent country. At th.: start, it is a re gion which h'Is flor centllries, perhaps,, been known by a certain naline--so it is not a state Imade to order, but rather a pfIopie freetl frolll tIle shackles of opllression, 'rollil fetters which have held thell ill sulbjection. But the develolmellt into indellend once has followed the bestowal of "autonomy" almost invariably.t tSo Albania, promised "autonomy" under the presumptive agreement of the conference at London, receives this benefit from the war of the allies. It is another step on the part of the great powers to prevent the creation of a great and overmastering king dom in the Balkan peninsula. Al bania gains definite boundaries, es (,ibli.el 4 governnment of its owrnand will eventually, according to precedent, take place among the list of countries whose names stand for something more than mere geographical dis tricts. There has been an "Albania for many centuries, and the country has a stirring and romantic, history, but it has never, for any period, had a po sition of its own among the independ dnt or nearly independent states of Europe. Early in the last century that renowned and terrible warrior, All Pasha, the "Lion of Janina," made Albania virtually independent for a time, but his death ended this freedom. Now there is every prospect that on the eastern shore of the Adriatic sea, immediately north of Greece, a state will be placed on the maps which will start with probably 15,000 square miles of territory, more or less, and a popu lation of perhaps 1,500,000. It depends upon how generously the boundary lines may be laid out and how little of Albania shall be given to Greece, Ser via and Montenegro, three countries which the Albanians detest. The new state will be unique in some interesting characteristics and conditions. Its peoplle will tc. pearly all ('aucasians, or Aryans to use the later racial designation, and yet the great majority of them are Moslemls. They are as hard to control and as quick to fight as the Montenegrins ever were, and they have the love of their native mountains and valleys which is typical of men born in a re gion so rugged and yet so beautiful. But the forces of modern civiliza tion reach far and are very potent. In the end Albania will be ready to take its place in a league of Balkan states which lovers of liberty, the world over, hope to se." gain such streungth that it will Ie alde to defy the great powers of E urope. if Ilteed be, to work out its own destiny unidler self-governnent. The speech of the defeated candi date for the presidency of the Wom an's National Democratic league shows how well fitted one particular woman is for politics. She is there with the goods. The seniors in Chicago university have entered upon a whiskers-growing contest. The advantages of these greatest-in-the-world institutions are made clear by such endeavors as this. We anticipate that the government will consider the money ill spent which was required to round up Wil liam Rockefeller, when the committee hears what he has to say. A western sightseer was found wandering about the streets of New York with $10,000 in his pockets. Wall street must have been busy with its New Year celebration. The hotel keepers in Washington want the date of inauguration kept where it is. They don't want a crowd in town at a time when it is possible to sleep in the parks. W'hile it ' true that the legislature can do no mischief during recess, it is also true that the third house hatches imst ,of its mischief when nobody is looking. The honest farmer will be able to deliver his original package directly to his customer by parcels post without the intervention of the middle man. Mr. Wilson cannot truthfully say that Mr. Taft held out on him. The Mexican tangle is to be handed over to Doec along with the tariff troubles. It is silly to surrender the field to the mall-order house without making an effort to hold it. The local mer chant should advertise. There are more than four million progressives in the country. If tnere is to be any merging, it is the other fellows who will do it. Mrs. M. K. Scott is president of the 1l)aighters of the American Revolution and, therefore, is better than a green hand at politics. Underwood wants a good, high tar iff. Six months ago, lMr. Inderwood wouldn't admit that any high tariff could be good. The Coeur d'Alene people are as tardy as was utllte in maklinKg tile ac quaintance of the apex, but they'll know it now. -- -- --- Befonre h decides definitely to walk to the capital, Dr. W\ilson should be courteous enoullgh to consult Mr. Taft. Also and again, there are the Mis soula people who went to Southern California to find a mldl winter. The Missoulian class ad is on the job all the time. Let it do, .our 'work. You'll like the service. There is balm in the clearance sale. It tempers the wind to the lamb shorn at Christmas time. The week of prayer ended last night. But every week should be made a week of endealvor. Mr. Wilson prefers to bust the trusts rather than to revise the tariff. Doe is bold and brash. The man who shouts advice from the sidelines merely confuses the men who are busy. Nobody is perfect. But the fire de partment did some splendid ,work yes terday. SMissoula is thankful this morning that yesterday's fire 'was no worse. Also, the situation in the orange belt might be worse than it is. The Missoultan class ad will get your walk shoveled for ygt, NO TIME TO. H P There was a serious fire in Missoula yesterday. Serious as it was, it might have been much worse. For a couple of hours, things looked bad for. a large pttion of the city's business district. Hard work by the firemen and a splen did supply of high-pressure water prevented a general con flagration. There was never a fire yet, we suppose,,.where the fire men were not subjected to harsh criticism from the crowd. Yesterday, the man with the roast was there. He had plenty of advice to shout at long range'; he had an abund ance of criticism for the fire department. He let every body know what he thought. But he never offered to help. Missoula's fire department is small. Lately there has been some talk of making it even smaller--in the interests of economy. The building which was burning yesterday morning is one of the largest structures in the state, as to the ground which it covers. At the otutset, there were five or six men to handle a fire which had "already extended half a block in each of two directions. There were more than ten times that number of men in the crowd which had already formed. Out of this crowd there sprang willing and efficient volunteers and the work of fighting the blaze was taken up from four sides of the fire as quickly as the forces could be distributed. But the man with the kick was not among those who offered to help. He was too busy with his roasting. He hadn't any time to help. There are a good many ways in whjch the Missoula fire department can be improved. The experience of yester day probably directed attention to some of these opportu nities for betterment. But yesterday was not the time to stand around and make sport of men who were fighting desperately to save a fine building. The best answer to the noisy criticism of the man with the roast is the fact that the fire was checked ind then con trolled. It was extinguished with much loss to property than was thought possible by anybody who saw the blaze at the time the department arrived. If there are chances to better the department, let us ac cept them and improve the service. Let us do it in calm ness and in friendly spirit. No such talk as was indulged in by some members of the spectators' crowd yesterday morning will bring about any improvement. The man with the roast is not a constructive citizen. He is destructive. He is not worth attention when his criti cism is delivered as it was yesterday. If he had dug in and helped and then, when it was all over, made a friendly sug gestion-then.he would have been acting the proper part. But he had no time to help. Impeachment Trials I.-The Archbald Case. By Frederic J. Haskin Whatever the outcome of the Im peachment proceedings in the United States senate against Judge W. Arch bald of the conltnerce court, it seems certain that their conclusiou will mark an important epoch in American juris prudence. If the verdict of the senate, sitting as a tribunal of impeachment, is against Archbald, the opponents of the gr-,owilng sentiment in fia'or of the recall of judges will be heartened, and they will begin with renewed vigor their argument against the recall. On the other hand, -if its findings fail to oust Judge Archbald, this will be takell by the plroonents of the recall as Iproof positive thatthe present iin peelachment system affords no remedy agoainst the corrupt judge, and they will make the most of the case in their propaoganda in favor of the recall. Not only is the Archbald case epochal in its bearings, but there are many features about it that render it unique Fl the history of impeachment proceedings. In the first place, the Boland charges, which set the whole proceedings into molttioni, were not in themselves, of a nature tot justify im peachment. It was only when these charges .were being Investigated that the real evidence upoln which the pro ceedings were 'based was found. Again, it is unique in that it is the first time in thet history of inmeachments in the United States that the very adminis tration that appllointed tile judge, pro duced the evidence upon which lm petlchmnlllllt tproceedillgs against himi twere bused. When the house decided to imlpeach Arctihbi l it tool a step unprecedented in the history of Ult'peachments by the federal gove'rnment. It authorized the manager of the imlleachmelllnt proceed Ings to emp1l1loy cotunsell, the expense involved to be lphid u11t of the con tingent fund tof tile hllouse. There was~ no limit fixed as to the fee, land the managers were givetn earte blanche ill the choice of legal talent. IBut so impressed were they with the work that twenty-nine-year-old- Wrisley Btrown had done in investigating the case for the departmllenlt of justice, that they unanimously agreed to ask the att'trlney general to allow tB'rown to act as their counsel. It was the first time in the history of the senate that a lawyer for the house managers h;ad ever aplleared in a case, and Browln's right to be there was quickly qluestioned by Senator Bailey and others. The theory upon which they objected to his having any part in the procedure was that the power If ill lpeachuenllt .was suplposed to lie wh'llpy outside of tilt'e 'xecutiv4 brant"h, and that liro\n's conting In to the ease violated this theory, since he was an assistallt to tile attorney general. The upsholt of the matter was that Brottwn was permitted to ap pear on condition tlhat he should not ble permitted to address the senate In the final summing up. One point has been raised in the case of Judge Archbahl that never has been raised heretofore. Six of the articles of impcaehlment relate to acts that he is charged with having com mitted before he was elevated to a circuit judgeship, and while he was a district judge. The question aress whether he can be impeached for acts committed in another office. His at torneys say that he canlnot. In sup port of this contention they assert tha President Taft War 'once a United States judge, and that if he could now be impeached and disqualified from holding office because of acts commit ted while a wearer of the judicial er mine, the gravest of consequences might ensue. They also point out that he was at one time solicitor general of the United States; at another time governor general of the .Philippines, and at yet another time secretary of war, and that if impeachment reaches to other offices than the one at the time hold, then no man can be sure of his position. Another line of argument in support of this contention is that if impeach ment reached back to offices formerly held, then a man who had done wrong a score of yesars before while acting as United States district attorney, and who had since served with credit as district judge, circuit Judge, and jus tice of the supreme court, might be driven out of his position oy his laps-es of 20 years before. The impeachnment managers do not deny the general proposition that im peachment proceedings may be upheld only for the office of which the im peached mana is the Incumbent. But they assert that in such matters a cir cuit judgeship and a district judgeship are practically one and the same so far as illoeiutllltInt proceedings are concerllll. Circuit judges are fre quently aitlid Iulon to act as district judgt s, and district judges with even mIIre frqtluenttty assume the duties and rcsponsililitis o,f circuit judges. The circuit julte ma.y commit impeachable :ttfenses whiIe exercising the functions of a district judge, and the district judge may cnommit impeachable of fenses while iating as circuit Judge. This, accor(,_'ding to the impeachment managers, est:ablishes the identity ofe the twto._.tsititns for impeachment putrl'tses. But the case against Archbald does not rest upon this argument. The first six articles relate t.) offenses commit ted while a circuit judge. The first charge againlst himi since becoming a circuit judge refers to his acquisition ot part ownership in the Katydid culm dump, which was indirectly owned by the Brie railroad, a litigant Derore one commerce collrt. The second chairge against him is that he ultndertook to induce the Dela ware, Lacitaw;ttn;t, and. Western rail road, a litigant before his court, to buy two-thirds of the stock of the Marian Coal comptany, which owned a culm dump at Taylor, Pennsylvania. The third cth:rgi is that he unlaw fully used his itfltence to compel the Lehigh Valley (C,tll complny, owned by the lehligh Valley Railroad com pany, to lease to him and his associ ates a culm dump near Shenandoah, the while he was circuit judge and the Lehigh Valley Railroad a litigant be fore the commerce court. The fourth charge relates to a case of the Louisville and Nashville rail road pending Iefore the commerce court. It charges that before the ea cision of the case and after the evi dence was all in he "secretly, wrongly, and unlawfully." held corr pondence with the attorney for the railroad com pany relative to the case. The fifth charge Is that he en deavored to use his influence to ia duce the Pennsylvania and Reading railroad to lease a cuhn bank to Fred erigk W.prnki an4 rgge~WY-.a promnt sory note for $0 for his saegbr The sit th cha 1 i*- t #it h iihda Aji influencd as a jude to itidil4e thI Lehigh 'Valley railroad to buy a it-ac of 'coal land. The charges which relate to his ser vice as district judge are equally inter. eating. One relates to the payment of his expenses to Europe by a railroad official who wvas likely to be interested in litigation before the court. An other has to do with forced loans he is alleges to have negotiated.. Another charges him with having appointed a railroad attorney as jury commissioner and allowing him to serve in both ca pacities. SThe contentions of the attorneys for Judge Archbald have not been that he did not do the things charged against him, but rather that he did not do them with criminhal intent. They con tend that an impeachment lies only for offenses which are .properly the subject of a prosecution by thdictment and information in a criminal, court. The managers of the house contro vert this doctrine, and assert that an impeachment proceedings is a pro ceeding to determine whether there has been a breach of "good behavior," in the case of judges, and that there is a long line of precedents showing that Impeachable offenses are not necessarily indictable offenses. Itf the verdict of the senate is in favor of Archbald it will be the fourth acquittal of a judge by that body. If the verdict is against him, he will be the third judge removed from office in our entire judicial history. Tomorrow-Impeachment Trials. I--Famous Cases of the Past. WEST POINT CADEI IS MARRIED YOUNG MAN FROM BILLINGS VIO. LATES RULE OF THE MILI TARY ACADEMY. West Point, Dec. 10.-Cadets at the military academy speculated today on what action the authorities would take over the romance of one of the cadets yesterday in violation of the rule that cadets are not permitted to marry. The romance in question is that of Elmer E. Adler, a sergeant who, dressed in uniform, was married at Tarrytown yesterday to Miss Florence E. Davis, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harry J. Davis of Buffalo Adler came froit Billings, Mont., and was in his third year at West Point. None of the cadets could recall a similar romance and they wondered v. bat the authorities would do, if any thing, further than declaring him dis lualified as a cadet. The charge of "absence without leave" now is pend ing a.ainst him, but cadets say that Adler undoubtedly will return to face the charge. Miss Davis met Adler at a football game more than a year ago. She had attended dances here and was highly regarded, while Adler himself was one of the most popular cadets at West Point. BIG SUIT FOR DAMAGES AGAINST STEWART MINE Wallace, Jan. 10.-(Special.)-The widow and children of Louis Chiara, a miner who was killed about a year ago in the tunnel of the Stewart mine, last night filed suit in district court against the Stewart Mining company, asking $60,000 damages. The claim is br.sed on the allegation that the com pany was negligent in that it lfermitted the use of defective cars in the elec tric ore train. Chiara was on the pay roll as a mucker, but acting under in structions, he was working on the ore train, hdd filled several cars at a chute and was riding in to the dump. The seventh car in the tra!n jumped the track at a frog, find Chiara was thrown to. the track, run over and fatally injured. It is claimed the acci dent was the result of a bent axle and broken flange. SLAYER WANTS NO T'RIAL. Wallace, Jan. 10. - (Special.) Whether Ike Peterson of Kellogg, slayer of Constable Cavanaugh some months ago, is ever brought to trial is doubtful, owing to his physical con dition. Peterson has not been in jail until Tuesday, having been in a Kel logg hospital under guard, waiting for the wounds he received in the all night fight with the sheriff's posse, to heal. These wounds hale been ag gravated by Peterson, who tries to prevent them from healing, and who has attempted three times to take his life. When incithrerated in the county jail he became very weak, and his re moval to a hospital has been ordered. SEVEN THOUSAND FOR AN ARM. Wallace, Jan. 10.-(-Special.)-Wal ter E. Ingalls, a young miner employed by the Bunker Hill & Sullivan, who lost an arm as the result of an acci dent in the mine last September, and who was planning to bring suit against the company, has been offered $7,000 as sentiment in full by the company. The offer was made yesterday, and if the consent of the three dependent sis ters of Ingalls and his guardians, he being under age, can be obtained, it will be accepted. LOANED ON REAL ESTATE. Helena, Jan. 10. - (Special.)-Ac cording to a compilation contained in the forthcoming report of the bureau of agriculture, labor and industry, the money loaned on Montana real estate for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1911, amounted to $23,770,031. The amount loaned during the same period on chattel mortgages was $22,187,389. Nearly $9,000,000 was paid in on loans on lands during the same period. Nt.tres o$ bills have been givAn in * - and deep black cirles undo " nothing is as good 'as Give.it a fair tal or banishing those distr s or drains on one's vitalit.h precription of Dr. Pt the womanly functions. eradicates and destrys "Female Co an weaknesses that make women miserable and ola before thelr lnie. : ery gtir needs it before womanhood. Every mother needs It. It is.an anvijorati nie for the female system. All medicine dealers have sold ith to customers for the past 40 years. It is now obtainable in liquid or tablet form atdrugstores or send 50 one-cent stamps for trial box, to .V. Pierce, .falo. Oimg'r coated, ttny gr9iaules, easy to take .s ca.dy. . --. P- ; l . c PL.Assr wal tr . . Are You Protected? Yesterday we pointed with pride to the Florence hotel, with its ideal location and' fine equipment, and today, what do we see? Our famous hostelry a dis mantled and charted ruins. Man has never yet created an absolutely. fire-proof building. Every man who values home business and finan cial standing of the community should carry fire in surance. See that you are protected by the best and insure with those who can deliver the goods. If you need insurance, call on us, or phone. Careful attention given to all business intrusted in our care. Wheeldon-Rossi Company Old Western Montana Bank Building Trt I 'a I For Fishing, Lanterns mpin, and Hard Use Under All Strong and Durable Cond Alons. Give steady, bright light. Easy to Light. Easy to clean and rewick. Don't Smoke. Don't blow out in the wind. Don't Leak. ATr DEALm CONTINENTAL OIL COMPANY aI.YB VHRma D.m, . Pu6a lM, __ cOl, ie... Bý. S i s. aL·'. FIRE After the exposure to the cold, watching the fire at the Florence hotel, you are liable to have pneumonia, grippe, neuralgia 6. rheu matism. Better come |in and let me fix you up. Charges reasonable. Any disease. Consultation Free. F. G. MOORE, D. C., Ph. C. 1 and 2 Hammond Block. Bell Phone 1084 the house, already, providing for the loaning of public moneys on farm mortgages. CUT THE HIGH COST OF LIVING. W. H. Chapman, Winnebago, Neb., tells how he did it. "My two children had a very had cough and the doctor's medicine did them no good. I got a bottle of f"oley's Honey and Tar Conm pound, and b, fore it was all usr d the children were free an;l cur' of their cough. I saved a doctor's bill fir one 25c bottle of Foley's Honey and Tar Compound." No. opiates. Missoula Drug Co.-Adv. WOMEN BREAK JAIL; Ogden, Jan. 10.-Swinging them selves out by a rope made of braided strips of blankets, Mrs. Mary McGill and Mabel Wilson, two women rLris oners, during a. blinding snowstorm let themselves down from a high sec ond-story" window of the city jail today and escaped. McGill broke from jail in a similar manner several days ago. IN FEDERAL COURT. Helena, Jah. 10.--(Speclal.)-The demurrer of the difendant to the amended complaint in the suit of Peter Geddes and other minority stockhold ers of the Alice Gold & Silver lMining company to restrain the sale of the company's property to the Anaxopoa Copper Mining company was overruled in the federal court today by Judge Bourquin. Ho directed the Anaconda company to answer -by next rule day. The motion of Sigmund Suslak for a new trial was denied. Suslak was convicted here last fall of importing Grace Beal from Spokane to Butte for immoral purposes. HADLEY'S LAST MESSAGE. Jefferson City, Mo., Jan. I..-Gov ernor Hadley in his final message to the legislature recommended a. state income tax and the Oregon plan of electing Urtited States seiators. Deafness Cannot Be Cured by local applications, as they eainot reach the diseased portion of the nar. There is only one way to cure deafness, and that Is by constitutional remedies. Deafness Is caused by an inflamed con dition of the mucous lining of the Eusta chian tube. When thils tube is inflamed you have a rumbling sound or imperfect hearing, and when it is entirely closed, deafne4s is the result, and unless the n flammatilon can be taken out and' this tube restored to its normal condition, hearing will be destroyed forever; alne cases out of 10 are caused by catarrh, whifh is nothing but an inflamed Cobdi t el Qf of the mucous suaces. We will livir One Htndired Dollars for any casel f deafness (caused bry catarrh) that cannot be oured by Halls Catarbrh Cure. raed for eircub la tree. F. J. CSHENEY & CO., Toledo, Obtr. Sold by Druggists, 75Tc. Take Hall's Family Pills for coastipa tion.- 4~ .