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* E I TIlE GRIP OF TIE
. a ; .Ct C .la, 1 . .. • ... :f wut littha Yse in fight ---------------------------------- orerPý; t F'MhroPh ?de1 ta he~e This is the season of the ear when . bro up t h tbc.rati S the hardy navigators of the Ches-e to t W rking tghr t h ' t .t gh a win peake bay conduct t heir rinual fight t however. no field s too hl cy to rith- tr s .vas totnn t e t .. ..t s... rin. against ice, their greatest foe, for the ' I' l 1> .. "a . Y -.l -. -:0. stand their assn Ilts. "nts they } . t. tte ":iilw y to he huge and almost tideless sea that di- . .. .. fi ut in spite ..tf the conterted til in.tloroughlt . . . :,t'lle . n. 't el ,t viles the mstate of Maryland and ..' " s. times h.i... .s o ,logg',d with lg add..le wi' . Is, Iilt ,f timi ....rs t washes the shores of Virginia is held1f ' & l that . .i ia i t i , Itclte for d days in.le S... . rI' ,at tapild .. . .with sittcl tightly withit the grasp o the frost i tt . 1 n0t 1 -., f)r instint.e, it r.ý h. v, t I, h rilaiei.l so terrific king. Only by special and lmost I 11 til Ito t I t t trs' ay t: . rho is the punish t tI lb kept open to the commerce of the. . into nUr li < h.,t il t , , t i s in g.tt tut Iun lm world. finto t hutl ; , lnd ) on aiun m 'u her hor Unlike any of the other estuaries by 't of the Atlantic the Atlantic the Chesapeake bay y. f .rs a ,, freezes over more quickly. This is 1. sd *i . i.. r ,i ' . t;....... t. . E. It i ' , r u ,ii . o ','uc hait t ht t, largely due to the upper part of the 5O' ?222eF t giti t o Ot 't ll ii' 1 1 itl it ran rl11t ýt it i ttnr t ýi.' bay being practically fresh water with . A Qtt.O z. - ' yo''r etngines, r wn .,,!t ,,t oif the pli kt.t it i\\.l hi .d ' l sltsh hIr wta bay :*"I' .$ it" slht, is va·uh. .\Is , wc .un tll atrat i,, l h r,)l.:h S1 .. fSliSl , but little tide. In Boston and New .i Ni'rt' ,git, .-i i ,i:,nl r "'it" was th '.till, till l'I)li htl a Rtssin York bays and on the Delawn are riv- ;gh i ty il , nt m ors, t,.l : 1t. l h \\'ii t(1' S er there is ample ice, it is true, but fi , ilt'hs t hilt . It'll e I nto th, sls ti th' , Y ni' r k's type h, .('iuld the rushing tide breaks it up almost ihl atitl t.l l il S.Ihi, had gli ntl ! i i; Ill- l( il)l ldilth Ac coe nfight hils tvu to the n thn . - Unhlke any of the other estuaries of the Atlantic the Chesapeake' bay freezes over more quickly. This is largely due to the upper part of the bay being practically fresh water with but little tide. In Boston and New York bays and on the Delaware riv er there is ample ice, it is true, but the rushing tide breaks it up almost as quickly as it forms and whereas on those bodies of water there is much floating ice there is not the solid sheet of frozen water to be encoun tered as there is on the upper Chesa peake. On the Great Lakes, those inland fresh-water seas that separate the United States from Canada, the use lessness of fighting the ice has long been recognizedi and on the first touch of frost the gigantic fleet ot steamers and sailing craft make porti and lay up until spring. Not so on the Shesapeake hay! There the state ot Maryland and the city of Baltimore combine in a stren ous fight against the efforts of Jack Frost and in this work aid is given by the United States government, a revenue cutter being assigned to the district to aid in any way possible. In 1897 the state of Maryland built the steamer Annapolis to he the offi cial ice-breaker. She is 200 feet long. 65 feet wide and has engines of 1,200 horsepower. Each engine operates a huge, iron-shod paddle wheel and the SEEKERS OF O t f ·:f ý· Rgh 4 ; q } Y 1 , ' ý'o j OTC. ý:- ·· i A BzG PLATIT o Chicago, Jan, 25.--Mining experts say that p)robably the world has gone on its last great "gold rush." New de posits of the precious metal will he uncovered from time to time, but in the opinion-of the best-posted author ities, the Rand and the Klondike were the last "big strikes" that will ever be made. This does not mean that the world's supply of gold will not go on increasingd.for many years to come, but that bonanza finds as a source of great fortunes for prospectors backed only by "grub-stakes" are practically at an end. The treasure hunting of the future will be done in more prosa.c'fashion. Its rewards will be even greater ,d -by it vast wealth in the future as in the past will be drawn from the earth Within six 'fewt of the ordinary American's boot sojes as he walks across the open fields lies a Golconda of sleeping wealth which is only wait ing to bIe rescue4.from the earth. IAs one looks from the train window in traveling across almost any part of the United States, the fields he sees in ten minutes' run have, produced a tremendous store of wealth since the White man first titled them, but this wealth is as nothing to the millions they will yield in the next few gen erations, In five centuries some of those very farms will have given up more wealth than any gold mines ever did-for the life of a gold mine is on an average only. fifteen years, and a well-tilled farm goes on yielding larger and larger spoils until the end of time, The awere interevithat is drawn yearly: engines are so arranged that it is possible to operate them independent. This enables the steaml r to minullever easily and quickly. As her paddle boxes are each 15 feet wide the steamer breaks a channel nearly 100 feet wide. Her forward lody is builtt somlething on the scow mondel so that she can be driven up on the ice and breaik through by her enormous! weight. After the Annapolis had baen in service 10 years the businaess of the upper Ches peake demanded better service, so the city of Baltimore built the F. C. Latrobe, a sister ship to the Annapolis, and now these craft, with the revenue cutter and the steam tug belonging to the harbor engineer, carry on the fight. These vessels go into commission with the first heavy frost and remain on duty day and night. l'sually they relieve each other when it is necessary to go to harbor for oenal and supplies ibut sometimes, as was the case last year, both vessels remain LJftIfL LIAII UCIpOSIL ny mne Anerican farmer is nine billion dollars-twenty times the world's gold outlput. There are great "strikes" and "rush," too, in this bigger mining which has plows for its drills, .root fibers for dynamite, and leaves for stamping mills and chemical processes. The "Rand" at Johannesburg, llh, greatest gold discovery of history, has never produced as much of sheer value, in real hard mioney, as a nucm her of the more notable spurts by which agriculture is advancing to its rightful position as the greatest and most profitable of all human occupa tions. And the wonder of it is that while gold will fall, the ground, under any sort of considerate treatment, will never fail. To go back into history, one of the greatest "strikes" in the development of American agriculture came about because a pleasant-faced young Yankee once fixed an embroidery frame for his hostess. The lady was the widow of General Greene of Rev olutionary fame, and the young man was named 'Eli Whitney. The lady introduced him to a company of neigh boring planters as "a gentleman from Connecticut who can do anything," and within less than a year WVhltney, who never before had.seen a pound of cotton, 1iad produced his gin, which was practically perfect in the working model that left his hands. That was In 1793. \Within ten years, the land of the South had trebled In vau.I4oqec'y.w to a contemporary au t1fit3?'yVdr * be difficult to ea in the channel and silpplies .re ear ried to them by the h rli" r llgilleer'i tulg. ('ruising on an ice-blroakler is not as exciting as one might think. It is not nearly as interesting as fighting out a gale. There are no heavy sons. no rolling., iitching" or pIlngiung of the ve:;sel. Thore is nothing but a flat, white silrfae nheod and the only relief over the iinoniony is spec ulating whether the field is field or packl ice. Field and pack ice are slmilar, any how, allthough the former is ice that has reccrntly forinel. wherlis pack clee is madl up of 1block.s and sheets jammed together by the wind. The greatest thickness to which Ice nltutrally forns on the ('hesoa Iteke any is 1. to 20 inches, liui great sheets of this ice will overlaip andt nmake up timree Ito five feet of almost solid ice and when this mass drifts into the ship channels it is no ease work to break it up. DIuring zero weather the ice-blreak timato what cotton has contributed to the wealth of the country since that time, but in the past decade it has amounted to $i,.e0,too.f0o00, or more than all the gold taken out of South Africa up to 1908. Sixty-nine years ago tl:phralm Bull earle.d the gratltude of all Americans. lie never collected what he earned, however, for although his name ap pears on a lnassive )brnze tablet un der the "To Let" sign on his little white house in Concord, there are few persons in the United Statess who know what he did there. As a matter of fact, he first bred the. Concord grape, thereby providlng a hardy vine that would stand the American cli mate and produce a delicious fruit. His work establishcd the grape-grow ing industry of the United States and the Chnutaulqua grape belt alotne pro duces 200,000,000 pounds of grapes a year, or about $10,000,000 worth. Some wandorers from Chile--thelr names and condition will be written in history one day, if they get their deserts-brought to California a shrub hy, stemmy, small-leaved plant, very green when It was growing, very dusty looking when it dried. The Chilean natives favored it because it would grow forever without having to be re planted, because it stood drought fairly well, and because their cattle liked it. That was in the early 'fif ties, and twenty years or so later the plant began to spread outside of Cali fornia. It was alfalfa, the greatest miner in the World, compared with which Cedil ers cruise about day :itl niblht. Each Vessel e:rries a crow ,.: , o, . which lalke' Ip three shifts .., 11·\i cIllhange oftf ev ry fotur hours:. 3'1sl of the timts the SteatllOers ul' .pt rlnl ing i id dtoWnl the tlin Sl1o tip llctnt nel, crushlillng throtigh lthe ;ýii ie ;as fast is it forms and tkeepi: ;Ih' p:rticlcs of drift ice brolken tI,. It is noisy crutising, tI,, for as the steat aeto twr makes her v I the particles l" i ce roar past her si. I sints. every noi ntltl tthen the v.- I ItrInii ts Ias she' strikes an extra tn' i pIIeI', white an oecontllal t ake is :t ipitt up t by t Inaddle wheel and l ,t .:i d tabinut ini the wheel houlso to ,iund itself to piteces. Through film and t 'iht iie tIhe Steamer ttlkt s good >i,,. it, u otnee can tell the nro lment t h h. fii.ld ied is strtuck, filr there is I -t,:nll\ Hi llt n pe , cepltibile slowing tldow'n, nt unlike the sensatl tionll of going lF ag .In )11 nd llllll Rhodes himself \' l ud he but a pyg tily. In ]19 1.1 ., f'ialat croll of, the United Slat.es t.., .2',20,;l71 t)'ons, and lnited .'al ts l' ,.2s 2 ,t; l t lo s, ltI4d then it nO iu'r.- :i a doubled in (quan tiy anUld has tis ( n.d l ven more in valuo. But for r,. ding woalth out of the grounl d ia :li is illp.ortantl for its dirct i- . l iun for thle on'or 00ilo 5 c11 0 .lliel i. . as i "rotation crop,'" or lii ' g .' ii to ITl'lrOVe the yield of lit' lm' I :. other crops. Just how lliluch tl' p1, it has added to Amlericall w-uilth ;iu this way is hard to say, but it is . rd inly not less than the value of Ilt, alifalfa hay itself. Corn, wheat and ,Ithr nitrogen thieves calnnlOt exhaust in one year, or in two or three, the + exitrl tore of food which the alifalfa roots' hi ve laid away in the groulnd. Whatever may i-etcome of the gold prospectors, lth re is no danger that the end of great auricultural "strikes" is at hand. 'lTw'o great "rushes" are now sweepinlg through the country, each likltv :' ',r ',, a' larger industrial r ovlment l1hatl ; ti most important of the gold io ',s ri, .. They are mlak- I ing, their infl : ,' ' f- It not only in the farming distr- tis but also in the cities. The sugar I.-.-t it, humble source of the sweetelning rf;,plied to a rapidly I Increasing prolr'rtion of the Ameriean people. and which threatens, if no un toward legislation checkls Its spread, to drive foreign-grown sugar entirely out of the dolmestic market, is one of these. Like a'falf.a, the sugar beet has the miracle gift of bettering the laudj In any ithet'r hinm f a boat lt ailn icehreaIlir Ihy hittin' if a heavy\ fIehl of ic r v ioIttlt 1r ibl\ meII an a ilrsil(hed in ho\\, but the ice-hu-rel; ers are b ilt for .iust sucl h iolli:i.inis. They have forwiardi l)t ii rt llltld like a: spool .aild whn they strike the how lift. and the lhu1l bIgiins to atlidie out of the water. All thII tiiino lth pu:ddl wheels are keptl revl l\'vi lg :lll i t full s)peed. Thir, illn few mililnttte, Shits ilt finl \wItter under I" h ire.. Ii'r."s litly, front the weight of thle stenillllr. the ic(le gi\ve i ay ant the atel;lll'r gently I ice the ice- breakers will hardly av- t 'rage 1 lille :111 hol , 'for (i'ach :till I lie is ll hiackingii ofif of 100 ol r so i iiyards and tile chargiing it fullll speed l i i: i uh time pehtr:ps i0 ior 75 feelt if li:ailiv i is iaId . I'nless tlh olther ille-ltrot l er is ni l ir' lniitler viesil \\i]] i taii i heolVy fiehl for Itive hin . t, hoin .ieusiilult whin' they Iovye tonoll so sIngle handed and hIlil\v'e l.on stlranded flor hours, being lon which It grtot,. Still Iimore in In il: iti, ihI lithe t, ui .iike lfall, ti, t11111 st practically I f consumed on the faill .il. i' ii itis 1 IIe pr'ofita'li le, goi s I.. n the .1Iir I a 1 ' t r' inid i s sold I 111 "1 o 115 :I 'lr o l ii clh I Iikii:I- (tlls 1i ioll ilit payi iIg 1 one to Ihe 1ni'miI er iaside f n ilsl i. fie spreIt i imlirect bl- ief i Is. 't'h. suiiit , ihei it c aih , is ltii, while, igrai IIlll sit gi Ill .111 :lr i' l ing1(1 1 iu i il llo froi ' that II I' l I0 tr . i :aill ca m,. in the yI r [ll ill.t 1. 12,i 0,l pIIordcI ill Il f ': l it were road. .1 r'om tt u- erut litan fee s- t .\t r ceii- .\ I i , I pi llnd iha ll ;itpull lt woui d We wiorlIi $,ll ,0li!]i,0 , or h bmi t l ivi o thirds as l(hi as f e g d .,ines l,1t. i l d , in f it , Can , ri-ir tohi\li' i Itilo li lll iill" Inaitili- toh Ir:lsd fertiil ity o he soil. fh orii un t suC_.e.l bhis d ill :t careful investlig;- ( .. o" Io he ,'fle.'c of sglai It'U 's el l I the laid. Itw',rds ]01(1 by over 1001 hlirillers provd Ih t lift" a c Crop olf I heets their u" nd raised ii7li. i r e ,ent c more corn, Is p 'r '(ait lrii(' o tils, 491 pct, coat 11llor" wh ll uilid f5 per cent | lltone Carley. In e;r:'i , ea:I , ats Was to h1o iXip' ted of ii11m % who lil\ dt (ar'; ti" ' ' 'cords of Ith i" crops, lIlcy W, re grow-" ing, h.fore t tey beg'an to raise beesl , , 'omlll _O lt1 411 per cent . rot of each h tu n'; iin p" r l.'n e t h a n t h e l ive r a g . A cn l-e ( iron former ()it ordinary faiin land , NOW IS THE TIME TO CONSIDER THE PROPOSITION OF PUMPING WATER FOR IRRIGATION PURPOSES If you have any uncultivated lands beyond the reach of water, it may be possible that these lands can be made to produce by the means of pumping water to them. There Is Much Land That Can Be Reclaimed by This Method If you are located on or near the electric line of the Missoula Light and Water Co., your problem can be easily solved. Consider the proposition; secure information and work it out for yourself. Farmers are doing it in other sections, and farmers can do it here. MISSOULA LIGHT & WATER CO. ii ~ ~ I Sili isI~I isiiii. \ML iui ' t Is It il i iuhig . u1 11st MiS ,ti tll' I f \ 1 I.i uch that hi'l I tiji' r I ii' ,,l' ii2 i 'tist itituu iio iii] 'itimtiu tiuit irst.1 ai or Ihe h k it' sitl' ts' t iriS ctlw tisi l III I s aI ,I tutu11\\ \ i s i -r ijti. t lll, ttlttt hOC- I ti'Mtolo Sit' iijhi' ti\'o Invites thi csi i 'iI , ulte Iinto tli fitd anii notin' i tilt , iit goit 81 i Mli'. In o tr - h -i it- iI \\tmi i ' tt- tilt It o' i (t illt 1t ~ it did iihitut jr~ it I osii l it 11itti aI ani y ll fI ' aj"1 11itt-mi y ,\ Iliii still ll 11 111:15 1( water.lli)~ i-hi ltilo gill, y (fl'i 'I't ill' Ihr r ril w' he til ii ea sisi hlt-im i ii,;11- I i t o 'iii till ItiiiI Ii'sh -iti ; mIs i ,it'at-uin.: it Iii or v'luuuiu she ugi w s Iin-It tut git Il h, t~rud wlthr ititt ii ytit, 'Fii-us thin' lu it's trig 1"mmtt ii -- t X,1rt'uutt :IS i iioon tt ri h t itlt'i-t \\11s ('iii co\"1't' , both iiii I -hi~ ,iiu I ttiiiiitu11, ('iii- a-iiiiii-t- ar m' Istuttit- mu-v st, i tm -m ,4li ,11 m11-' htim--I it-i s 11ut ,4 mis a d, f gmim tutu-. ho t it' i , In Is botu aim it Iii i lI III . ii, o ti i is' f a t I ' it l h, n i s t h it i l l' s i i 1 10i i i v , . l s t - t I ~ tno0 ti thle liii' r tiiti Mi' tittII1 and It lI;Ii' v~iimim utf1 thlrum rug-ri I ii itii'S:r)1~ v11ii I i i;itiiito IItIIIt-u t u ,l ,u"1 ii mIho iii t:iummmu shu a~i lu-tm- i 1!1 h-it( $:tiiit i-u $M /ut moli it iui' o I iii'ral hi1tumhuti iiis IIo h e .5 hut j11 liii ) 111~1 suit it gi.IImt mt tutu- -(Immutith ttl' tCI ot`I rso, all t'i' Ihr 111;; Ito.II l't I II;I1t i iiy o iiil t-uit t huh t huhlit ii tit u It hit Mlgthhil' thsii aIth i' illi th o iuii 'if it'"l t sll w Iith s il1 lts o llft-S l io , t tmlnr ior I i''ttltu " Itiitui l i:(iltu iiihl4, Ihr I'atrt11 rt"1's an. l'it't. 111y 114 rsn d , n lhL l ihxu'h Is feet of sti' iii tif. 'i Whenr t1i, \' i.s Te,1 \ T;: 1 coIl''ttethe ti:d iI :i usl, riA tliiTn il diit eitl laired : \\tie th I ttir e.. Sets of the Yor nhfk'. type hri n uti'i fl'i 'h' ilsl to\\a ' t' the north poleS . Ac I11 lTi ''ll l.l .tratii~nlll \ t'lh Lilte vessetl, 'or lhe 'r itu. t hiriutgh six feet of nI\\' ti d S lil I.',' ,lo' l iveli , the Y trn.ak i o.1d" h l· very I i'l''ll V 'ii I ]iuii'i p i.'i''i so i h 't ull gtll tx l 'eal and Iast "'lr :the chamber of ili: ii i.. ' l Iii i i t h I ixl' ii, \' lTN Tlllltll x il t:'tlint ,llili 'of l. t \ilm , lilr l od lid n irn : nl i 't IiTo T t I T (lireat, wasii I'n lli ati t'iiih 1 hi iurl ' '"11 ~ 1. i i Ii. ' irTl ii. i t l l i t ''. l\ Ili-t II e ll'rn 'l ' I ' I rv I h ti'It I Tilll i'll i :i, h .iT.. \ ii.ll iern ltu ll. lSh is ,I' L,',M) tons register, 181 feet long, ::o)11 i'l \ r 1,1 ad liI\ drI;tu 21 fel t ofU(l ". M l 11418 114 1hs1 .100 11g1. Two "I.hese, , ''xi t, hoI t-l I " (htivi - ý:I 'he lo)1 ' \., o t:. sl :t('w c1i 111 I under 1lll'i1t h , Iirln. ,r l iw i l il" ti J i , rl o I: fn .. l',, l0: i l rt.,. t lles, I pr Ill Iei . UtIll eP ithe hI1 ,.Il. h i' i ligttted litith . iil. - ,ri .itl rll oll i i.s p i*II-. l 1Iv FIuIr I Iilghlll . 1. ih l i lei i l v itI l'l iii n ..o11t 'T . 1 4111 t. llrE ls. it , i' h i lll' t l u tiT l tr lti t h ,\ ,l" I: l i .IIIIt :I illll 1 ilt, " , l iltI 1'" - ii ili,, tin t' ol'r 1 e lti. ls b s11 iing "Deser1 " I;ll, 11 ,1 lan as a dled illn of l lil l it l t o ur yl , tly I:t((lil l wli a lt. 1 . li.ike n. ,la l.un . , :i i "strike" ill agri liillnrr lin i t i l l h Ii a. rrl tt l tsn11 , t 10,l lh Hlji.itl tfl 're t io Iil mtlinsl is nl ex t,11 th, ;:tine. 111 1.tn .'tin i na mlyl\ gets l1,-t. h l onit ior of il ler th,'r I, i l's in ~ilressi e I\ I lhlr of i, Ih,1 l i ifls the hil ll liil t( Iil nhe w. Iili , ,rP 11, a d i ll "th mll Il t e fil illlb rs (l e h l," \ "1. I l ". if till , t 1h1a W I thv h it n o t i t l, I ,i , Il" llit , rlt'll ttll i llt 'hey 1 nn i , ,o i rl 'litilt I iiSo 11 i.1 i a m isie amin 1 rllil' c ar r l1 h,' .a.llyi , If I i ~ il~l'r, T he first nl illit %Ilip ; ver slince. The 1 itll li -g I linl', .i 'lhr lsher, laia lly ler, gal'g rnll- other disco, l ry, In ith, los bil4 l 1 lto e herl, ,,ll , Int, It w Iill th I llaii4t SiX ithirlling, Six f ol sheet of ilec.,lr'l fire liry, gr:Ii ([list, ir l rsll til e, d w tl rolKl hlng is all r unl- l lowl v I hill.