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The Daily Missoulian. (Missoula, Mont.) 1904-1961, January 26, 1913, Morning, Image 13

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025316/1913-01-26/ed-1/seq-13/

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. a ; .Ct C .la, 1 . .. • ... :f wut littha Yse in fight
orerPý; t F'MhroPh ?de1 ta he~e
This is the season of the ear when . bro up t h tbc.rati S
the hardy navigators of the Ches-e to t W rking tghr t h ' t .t gh a win
peake bay conduct t heir rinual fight t however. no field s too hl cy to rith- tr s .vas totnn t e t .. ..t s... rin.
against ice, their greatest foe, for the ' I' l 1> .. "a . Y -.l -. -:0. stand their assn Ilts. "nts they } . t. tte ":iilw y to he
huge and almost tideless sea that di- . .. .. fi ut in spite ..tf the conterted til in.tloroughlt . . . :,t'lle . n. 't el ,t
viles the mstate of Maryland and ..' " s. times h.i... .s o ,logg',d with lg add..le wi' . Is, Iilt ,f timi ....rs t
washes the shores of Virginia is held1f ' & l that . .i ia i t i , Itclte for d days in.le S... . rI' ,at tapild .. . .with sittcl
tightly withit the grasp o the frost i tt . 1 n0t 1 -., f)r instint.e, it r.ý h. v, t I, h rilaiei.l so terrific
king. Only by special and lmost I 11 til Ito t I t t trs' ay t: . rho is the punish t tI lb
kept open to the commerce of the. . into nUr li < h.,t il t , , t i s in g.tt tut Iun lm
world. finto t hutl ; , lnd ) on aiun m 'u her hor
Unlike any of the other estuaries by 't
of the Atlantic the Atlantic the Chesapeake bay y. f .rs a ,,
freezes over more quickly. This is 1. sd *i . i.. r ,i ' . t;....... t. . E. It i ' , r u ,ii . o ','uc hait t ht t,
largely due to the upper part of the 5O' ?222eF t giti t o Ot 't ll ii' 1 1 itl it ran rl11t ýt it i ttnr t ýi.'
bay being practically fresh water with . A Qtt.O z. - ' yo''r etngines, r wn .,,!t ,,t oif the pli kt.t it i\\.l hi .d ' l sltsh hIr wta
bay :*"I' .$ it" slht, is va·uh. .\Is , wc .un tll atrat i,, l h r,)l.:h S1 .. fSliSl ,
but little tide. In Boston and New .i Ni'rt' ,git, .-i i ,i:,nl r "'it" was th '.till, till l'I)li htl a Rtssin
York bays and on the Delawn are riv- ;gh i ty il , nt m ors, t,.l : 1t. l h \\'ii t(1' S
er there is ample ice, it is true, but fi , ilt'hs t hilt . It'll e I nto th, sls ti th' , Y ni' r k's type h, .('iuld
the rushing tide breaks it up almost ihl atitl t.l l il S.Ihi, had gli ntl ! i i; Ill- l( il)l ldilth Ac
coe nfight hils tvu to the n thn . -
Unhlke any of the other estuaries
of the Atlantic the Chesapeake' bay
freezes over more quickly. This is
largely due to the upper part of the
bay being practically fresh water with
but little tide. In Boston and New
York bays and on the Delaware riv
er there is ample ice, it is true, but
the rushing tide breaks it up almost
as quickly as it forms and whereas on
those bodies of water there is much
floating ice there is not the solid
sheet of frozen water to be encoun
tered as there is on the upper Chesa
On the Great Lakes, those inland
fresh-water seas that separate the
United States from Canada, the use
lessness of fighting the ice has long
been recognizedi and on the first
touch of frost the gigantic fleet ot
steamers and sailing craft make porti
and lay up until spring.
Not so on the Shesapeake hay!
There the state ot Maryland and the
city of Baltimore combine in a stren
ous fight against the efforts of Jack
Frost and in this work aid is given
by the United States government, a
revenue cutter being assigned to the
district to aid in any way possible.
In 1897 the state of Maryland built
the steamer Annapolis to he the offi
cial ice-breaker. She is 200 feet long.
65 feet wide and has engines of 1,200
horsepower. Each engine operates a
huge, iron-shod paddle wheel and the
O t f ·:f ý·
Rgh 4 ; q } Y 1 ,
' ý'o j OTC. ý:- ·· i
Chicago, Jan, 25.--Mining experts
say that p)robably the world has gone
on its last great "gold rush." New de
posits of the precious metal will he
uncovered from time to time, but in
the opinion-of the best-posted author
ities, the Rand and the Klondike were
the last "big strikes" that will ever
be made. This does not mean that
the world's supply of gold will not go
on increasingd.for many years to come,
but that bonanza finds as a source
of great fortunes for prospectors
backed only by "grub-stakes" are
practically at an end. The treasure
hunting of the future will be done in
more prosa.c'fashion. Its rewards will
be even greater ,d -by it vast wealth
in the future as in the past will be
drawn from the earth
Within six 'fewt of the ordinary
American's boot sojes as he walks
across the open fields lies a Golconda
of sleeping wealth which is only wait
ing to bIe rescue4.from the earth. IAs
one looks from the train window in
traveling across almost any part of
the United States, the fields he sees
in ten minutes' run have, produced a
tremendous store of wealth since the
White man first titled them, but this
wealth is as nothing to the millions
they will yield in the next few gen
erations, In five centuries some of
those very farms will have given up
more wealth than any gold mines ever
did-for the life of a gold mine is on
an average only. fifteen years, and a
well-tilled farm goes on yielding larger
and larger spoils until the end of time,
The awere interevithat is drawn yearly:
engines are so arranged that it is
possible to operate them independent.
This enables the steaml r to minullever
easily and quickly. As her paddle
boxes are each 15 feet wide the
steamer breaks a channel nearly 100
feet wide. Her forward lody is builtt
somlething on the scow mondel so that
she can be driven up on the ice and
breaik through by her enormous!
After the Annapolis had baen in
service 10 years the businaess of the
upper Ches peake demanded better
service, so the city of Baltimore built
the F. C. Latrobe, a sister ship to the
Annapolis, and now these craft, with
the revenue cutter and the steam tug
belonging to the harbor engineer,
carry on the fight.
These vessels go into commission
with the first heavy frost and remain
on duty day and night. l'sually
they relieve each other when it is
necessary to go to harbor for oenal
and supplies ibut sometimes, as was
the case last year, both vessels remain
LJftIfL LIAII UCIpOSIL ny mne Anerican
farmer is nine billion dollars-twenty
times the world's gold outlput.
There are great "strikes" and
"rush," too, in this bigger mining
which has plows for its drills, .root
fibers for dynamite, and leaves for
stamping mills and chemical processes.
The "Rand" at Johannesburg, llh,
greatest gold discovery of history, has
never produced as much of sheer
value, in real hard mioney, as a nucm
her of the more notable spurts by
which agriculture is advancing to its
rightful position as the greatest and
most profitable of all human occupa
tions. And the wonder of it is that
while gold will fall, the ground, under
any sort of considerate treatment,
will never fail.
To go back into history, one of the
greatest "strikes" in the development
of American agriculture came about
because a pleasant-faced young
Yankee once fixed an embroidery
frame for his hostess. The lady was
the widow of General Greene of Rev
olutionary fame, and the young man
was named 'Eli Whitney. The lady
introduced him to a company of neigh
boring planters as "a gentleman from
Connecticut who can do anything,"
and within less than a year WVhltney,
who never before had.seen a pound of
cotton, 1iad produced his gin, which
was practically perfect in the working
model that left his hands.
That was In 1793. \Within ten years,
the land of the South had trebled In
vau.I4oqec'y.w to a contemporary
au t1fit3?'yVdr * be difficult to ea
in the channel and silpplies .re ear
ried to them by the h rli" r llgilleer'i
('ruising on an ice-blroakler is not as
exciting as one might think. It is
not nearly as interesting as fighting
out a gale. There are no heavy sons.
no rolling., iitching" or pIlngiung of
the ve:;sel. Thore is nothing but a
flat, white silrfae nheod and the
only relief over the iinoniony is spec
ulating whether the field is field or
packl ice.
Field and pack ice are slmilar, any
how, allthough the former is ice that
has reccrntly forinel. wherlis pack
clee is madl up of 1block.s and sheets
jammed together by the wind.
The greatest thickness to which Ice
nltutrally forns on the ('hesoa Iteke
any is 1. to 20 inches, liui great
sheets of this ice will overlaip andt
nmake up timree Ito five feet of almost
solid ice and when this mass drifts
into the ship channels it is no ease
work to break it up.
DIuring zero weather the ice-blreak
timato what cotton has contributed
to the wealth of the country since
that time, but in the past decade it
has amounted to $i,.e0,too.f0o00, or more
than all the gold taken out of South
Africa up to 1908.
Sixty-nine years ago tl:phralm Bull
earle.d the gratltude of all Americans.
lie never collected what he earned,
however, for although his name ap
pears on a lnassive )brnze tablet un
der the "To Let" sign on his little
white house in Concord, there are few
persons in the United Statess who
know what he did there. As a matter
of fact, he first bred the. Concord
grape, thereby providlng a hardy vine
that would stand the American cli
mate and produce a delicious fruit.
His work establishcd the grape-grow
ing industry of the United States and
the Chnutaulqua grape belt alotne pro
duces 200,000,000 pounds of grapes a
year, or about $10,000,000 worth.
Some wandorers from Chile--thelr
names and condition will be written
in history one day, if they get their
deserts-brought to California a shrub
hy, stemmy, small-leaved plant, very
green when It was growing, very dusty
looking when it dried. The Chilean
natives favored it because it would
grow forever without having to be re
planted, because it stood drought
fairly well, and because their cattle
liked it. That was in the early 'fif
ties, and twenty years or so later the
plant began to spread outside of Cali
It was alfalfa, the greatest miner in
the World, compared with which Cedil
ers cruise about day :itl niblht. Each
Vessel e:rries a crow ,.: , o, . which
lalke' Ip three shifts .., 11·\i cIllhange
oftf ev ry fotur hours:. 3'1sl of the
timts the SteatllOers ul' .pt rlnl ing
i id dtoWnl the tlin Sl1o tip llctnt nel,
crushlillng throtigh lthe ;ýii ie ;as fast
is it forms and tkeepi: ;Ih' p:rticlcs
of drift ice brolken tI,.
It is noisy crutising, tI,, for as the
steat aeto twr makes her v I the particles
l" i ce roar past her si. I sints. every
noi ntltl tthen the v.- I ItrInii ts Ias
she' strikes an extra tn' i pIIeI', white
an oecontllal t ake is :t ipitt up t by
t Inaddle wheel and l ,t .:i d tabinut ini
the wheel houlso to ,iund itself to
Through film and t 'iht iie tIhe
Steamer ttlkt s good >i,,. it, u otnee
can tell the nro lment t h h. fii.ld ied is
strtuck, filr there is I -t,:nll\ Hi llt n pe ,
cepltibile slowing tldow'n, nt unlike the
sensatl tionll of going lF ag .In )11 nd llllll
Rhodes himself \' l ud he but a pyg
tily. In ]19 1.1 ., f'ialat croll of, the
United Slat.es t.., .2',20,;l71 t)'ons, and
lnited .'al ts l' ,.2s 2 ,t; l t lo s, ltI4d
then it nO iu'r.- :i a doubled in (quan
tiy anUld has tis ( n.d l ven more in
valuo. But for r,. ding woalth out of
the grounl d ia :li is illp.ortantl
for its dirct i- . l iun for thle on'or
00ilo 5 c11 0 .lliel i. . as i "rotation
crop,'" or lii ' g .' ii to ITl'lrOVe the
yield of lit' lm' I :. other crops. Just
how lliluch tl' p1, it has added to
Amlericall w-uilth ;iu this way is hard
to say, but it is . rd inly not less than
the value of Ilt, alifalfa hay itself.
Corn, wheat and ,Ithr nitrogen thieves
calnnlOt exhaust in one year, or in two
or three, the + exitrl tore of food which
the alifalfa roots' hi ve laid away in
the groulnd.
Whatever may i-etcome of the gold
prospectors, lth re is no danger that
the end of great auricultural "strikes"
is at hand. 'lTw'o great "rushes" are
now sweepinlg through the country,
each likltv :' ',r ',, a' larger industrial
r ovlment l1hatl ; ti most important of
the gold io ',s ri, .. They are mlak- I
ing, their infl : ,' ' f- It not only in the
farming distr- tis but also in the cities.
The sugar I.-.-t it, humble source of
the sweetelning rf;,plied to a rapidly I
Increasing prolr'rtion of the Ameriean
people. and which threatens, if no un
toward legislation checkls Its spread, to
drive foreign-grown sugar entirely out
of the dolmestic market, is one of
these. Like a'falf.a, the sugar beet has
the miracle gift of bettering the laudj
In any ithet'r hinm f a boat lt ailn
icehreaIlir Ihy hittin' if a heavy\ fIehl
of ic r v ioIttlt 1r ibl\ meII an a ilrsil(hed
in ho\\, but the ice-hu-rel; ers are b ilt
for .iust sucl h iolli:i.inis. They have
forwiardi l)t ii rt llltld like a: spool
.aild whn they strike the how lift.
and the lhu1l bIgiins to atlidie out of the
water. All thII tiiino lth pu:ddl wheels
are keptl revl l\'vi lg :lll i t full s)peed.
Thir, illn few mililnttte, Shits ilt finl
\wItter under I" h ire.. Ii'r."s litly, front
the weight of thle stenillllr. the ic(le
gi\ve i ay ant the atel;lll'r gently I
ice the ice- breakers will hardly av- t
'rage 1 lille :111 hol , 'for (i'ach :till I
lie is ll hiackingii ofif of 100 ol r so i
iiyards and tile chargiing it fullll speed l i
i: i uh time pehtr:ps i0 ior 75 feelt if
li:ailiv i is iaId .
I'nless tlh olther ille-ltrot l er is ni l ir'
lniitler viesil \\i]] i taii i heolVy fiehl
for Itive hin . t, hoin .ieusiilult whin'
they Iovye tonoll so sIngle handed and
hIlil\v'e l.on stlranded flor hours, being
lon which It grtot,. Still Iimore in
In il: iti, ihI lithe t, ui .iike lfall, ti, t11111 st
practically I f consumed on the faill .il.
i' ii itis 1 IIe pr'ofita'li le, goi s I.. n the
.1Iir I a 1 ' t r' inid i s sold I 111 "1 o 115 :I
'lr o l ii clh I Iikii:I- (tlls 1i ioll ilit payi iIg 1
one to Ihe 1ni'miI er iaside f n ilsl i. fie
spreIt i imlirect bl- ief i Is.
't'h. suiiit , ihei it c aih , is ltii, while,
igrai IIlll sit gi Ill .111 :lr i' l ing1(1 1 iu i il llo
froi ' that II I' l I0 tr . i :aill ca m,.
in the yI r [ll ill.t 1. 12,i 0,l pIIordcI ill Il f ': l
it were road. .1 r'om tt u- erut litan fee s- t
.\t r ceii- .\ I i , I pi llnd iha ll ;itpull lt woui d
We wiorlIi $,ll ,0li!]i,0 , or h bmi t l ivi o
thirds as l(hi as f e g d .,ines l,1t. i l d , in f it , Can ,
ri-ir tohi\li' i Itilo li lll iill" Inaitili- toh
Ir:lsd fertiil ity o he soil. fh orii un t
suC_.e.l bhis d ill :t careful investlig;- (
.. o" Io he ,'fle.'c of sglai It'U 's el l I
the laid. Itw',rds ]01(1 by over 1001
hlirillers provd Ih t lift" a c Crop olf I
heets their u" nd raised ii7li. i r e ,ent c
more corn, Is p 'r '(ait lrii(' o tils, 491
pct, coat 11llor" wh ll uilid f5 per cent |
lltone Carley. In e;r:'i , ea:I , ats Was to
h1o iXip' ted of ii11m % who lil\ dt (ar'; ti" '
' 'cords of Ith i" crops, lIlcy W, re grow-"
ing, h.fore t tey beg'an to raise beesl , ,
'omlll _O lt1 411 per cent . rot of each h
tu n'; iin p" r l.'n e t h a n t h e l ive r a g . A cn l-e (
iron former ()it ordinary faiin land ,
If you have any uncultivated lands beyond the reach of water, it may be possible
that these lands can be made to produce by the means of pumping water to them.
There Is Much Land That Can Be
Reclaimed by This Method
If you are located on or near the electric line of the Missoula Light and Water Co.,
your problem can be easily solved.
Consider the proposition; secure information and work it out for yourself.
Farmers are doing it in other sections, and farmers can do it here.
ii ~ ~ I Sili isI~I isiiii. \ML
iui ' t Is It il i iuhig . u1 11st MiS ,ti tll'
I f \ 1 I.i uch that
hi'l I tiji' r I ii' ,,l' ii2 i 'tist itituu iio iii]
'itimtiu tiuit irst.1 ai or Ihe h k
it' sitl' ts' t iriS ctlw tisi l III I s aI ,I
tutu11\\ \ i s i -r ijti. t
lll, ttlttt hOC- I ti'Mtolo Sit' iijhi'
ti\'o Invites thi csi i 'iI , ulte Iinto tli
fitd anii notin' i tilt , iit goit 81 i Mli'. In
o tr - h -i it- iI \\tmi i ' tt- tilt It o' i (t illt
1t ~ it did iihitut jr~ it I osii l
it 11itti aI ani y ll fI ' aj"1 11itt-mi y ,\ Iliii
still ll 11 111:15 1( water.lli)~
i-hi ltilo gill, y (fl'i 'I't ill' Ihr r ril w' he
til ii ea sisi hlt-im i ii,;11- I i t o 'iii till
ItiiiI Ii'sh -iti ; mIs i ,it'at-uin.: it Iii or
v'luuuiu she ugi w s Iin-It tut git Il h,
t~rud wlthr ititt ii ytit, 'Fii-us
thin' lu it's trig 1"mmtt ii -- t
X,1rt'uutt :IS i iioon tt ri h t itlt'i-t \\11s ('iii
co\"1't' , both iiii I -hi~ ,iiu I ttiiiiitu11,
('iii- a-iiiiii-t- ar m' Istuttit- mu-v st, i tm -m ,4li ,11
m11-' htim--I it-i s 11ut ,4 mis a d, f gmim tutu-.
ho t it' i , In Is botu aim it Iii i lI III . ii, o
ti i is' f a t I ' it l h, n i s t h it i l l' s i i 1 10i i i v , . l s t - t I ~
tno0 ti thle liii' r tiiti Mi' tittII1 and It
lI;Ii' v~iimim utf1 thlrum rug-ri I ii itii'S:r)1~
v11ii I i i;itiiito IItIIIt-u t u ,l ,u"1 ii mIho iii
t:iummmu shu a~i lu-tm- i 1!1 h-it( $:tiiit i-u $M /ut
moli it iui' o I iii'ral hi1tumhuti iiis IIo h e
.5 hut j11 liii ) 111~1 suit it gi.IImt mt tutu- -(Immutith
ttl' tCI ot`I rso, all t'i' Ihr 111;; Ito.II l't I II;I1t
i iiy o iiil t-uit t huh t huhlit ii tit u It hit
Mlgthhil' thsii aIth i' illi th o iuii 'if it'"l
t sll w Iith s il1 lts o llft-S l io , t
tmlnr ior I i''ttltu " Itiitui l i:(iltu iiihl4,
Ihr I'atrt11 rt"1's an. l'it't. 111y 114 rsn d , n lhL
l ihxu'h Is feet of sti' iii tif. 'i Whenr
t1i, \' i.s Te,1 \ T;: 1 coIl''ttethe ti:d iI :i usl, riA
tliiTn il diit eitl laired : \\tie th I ttir e..
Sets of the Yor nhfk'. type hri n uti'i
fl'i 'h' ilsl to\\a ' t' the north poleS . Ac
I11 lTi ''ll l.l .tratii~nlll \ t'lh Lilte vessetl,
'or lhe 'r itu. t hiriutgh six feet of
nI\\' ti d S lil I.','
,lo' l iveli , the Y trn.ak i o.1d" h l· very
I i'l''ll V 'ii I ]iuii'i p i.'i''i so i h 't ull gtll tx
l 'eal and Iast "'lr :the chamber of
ili: ii i.. ' l Iii i i t h I ixl' ii, \' lTN Tlllltll x il
t:'tlint ,llili 'of l. t \ilm , lilr l od lid n irn
: nl i 't IiTo T t I T (lireat, wasii I'n lli ati
t'iiih 1 hi iurl ' '"11 ~ 1. i i Ii. ' irTl ii. i t l l
i t ''. l\ Ili-t II e ll'rn 'l ' I ' I rv I h ti'It
I Tilll i'll i :i, h .iT.. \ ii.ll iern ltu ll. lSh
is ,I' L,',M) tons register, 181 feet long,
::o)11 i'l \ r 1,1 ad liI\ drI;tu 21 fel t ofU(l
". M l 11418 114 1hs1 .100 11g1. Two
"I.hese, , ''xi t, hoI t-l I " (htivi -
ý:I 'he lo)1 ' \., o t:. sl :t('w c1i 111 I under
1lll'i1t h , Iirln. ,r l iw i l il" ti J i , rl o I: fn ..
l',, l0: i l rt.,. t lles, I pr Ill Iei . UtIll eP
ithe hI1 ,.Il. h i' i ligttted litith . iil. -
,ri .itl rll oll i i.s p i*II-. l 1Iv FIuIr I Iilghlll .
1. ih l i lei i l v itI l'l iii n ..o11t 'T . 1 4111 t.
llrE ls. it , i' h i lll' t l u tiT l tr lti t
h ,\ ,l" I: l i .IIIIt :I illll 1 ilt, " , l iltI 1'" -
ii ili,, tin t' ol'r 1 e lti. ls b s11 iing
"Deser1 " I;ll, 11 ,1 lan as a dled illn of
l lil l it l t o ur yl , tly I:t((lil l wli a lt. 1 .
li.ike n. ,la l.un . , :i i "strike" ill agri
liillnrr lin i t i l l h Ii a. rrl tt l tsn11 , t
10,l lh Hlji.itl tfl 're t io
Iil mtlinsl is nl ex t,11 th, ;:tine. 111
1.tn .'tin i na mlyl\ gets l1,-t. h l onit ior of
il ler th,'r I, i l's in ~ilressi e I\ I lhlr of
i, Ih,1 l i ifls the hil ll liil t( Iil nhe w.
Iili , ,rP 11, a d i ll "th mll Il t e fil illlb rs (l e
h l," \ "1. I l ". if till , t 1h1a W I thv h it
n o t i t l, I ,i , Il" llit , rlt'll ttll i llt 'hey
1 nn i , ,o i rl 'litilt I iiSo 11 i.1 i a m isie amin 1
rllil' c ar r l1 h,' .a.llyi , If I i ~ il~l'r, T he first
nl illit %Ilip ; ver slince. The 1 itll li -g
I linl', .i 'lhr lsher, laia lly ler, gal'g
rnll- other disco, l ry, In ith, los bil4 l 1
lto e herl, ,,ll , Int, It w Iill th I llaii4t SiX
ithirlling, Six f ol sheet of ilec.,lr'l fire
liry, gr:Ii ([list, ir l rsll til e, d w tl rolKl
hlng is all r unl- l lowl v I hill.

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