Newspaper Page Text
THE DAILY MISSOULIAN
Published Every Day in the Year. MISSOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. Missoula, Montana. IItared at the postoffice at Missoula, Montana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance.) Daily, one month .............. ....$0.75 Daily, three months ..................... 2.25 Daily, six months ... ..................... 4.00 Daily, one year ... ............. ........ 8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell......................110 Independent....510 MISSOULA OFFICE 199 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 221 Main Street. Hamilton, Mont. The Missoullan may be found on sale at the following newstands out side of Montana: Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison streets. Minneapolis-World News Co., 219 North Fourth street. Salt Lake City-MacGillis & Lud wig. San Francisco-United News Agents. Portland-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington. Seattle - Eckart's News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. O. Whitney. Spokane-Jamieson News. Co. Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Missoulian is anxious to give the best carrier service; therefore, sub scribers are requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper change to new address, please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable to The Missoulian Publishing Company. TUESDAY, JANUARY 28, 1913. The true university of these days is a collection of books.-Carlyle. "PUT UP OR SHUT UP." "Put up or shut up." Thus does one of the volunteer editors of The Missou rian, this morning, in a communication which is published in another column, conclude his argument in support of consolidation. This correspondent ar raigns the chamber of commerce and The Mlssoulian in terms which are se vere. At the same time, he shows that he knows very little of what he is talk ing about. lie assumes that the chant ber of conmmerce has not donte a great many things which it has done. If he were a member of the chamber of com merce, he would know that he is all wrong In what he says of that organi zation. If he would join the chamber of commerce, he would not only learn something to his advantage, but he would also supply that organization with the very sort of material which it needs. The Missoula Chamber of Com merce wants active me-mbers, nemblllers who are interested in public affairs, members who are alert and doing. The thing for this correspotndent to do is to becomte a member. Let hiln put up his dues or shut iup his fountain of iabunse. He has no right to criticis, the chanm ber of comlmerce until he learns somtie thing of the work which that organi zation is doing. HIGH SCHOOL "FRATS." Chicago is having a trying experi ence with the so-called fraternitied s itn its high schools. The latest infortma tion from the scene of the strife is that the "frats" hiave heen put out of business. The Missoula county high school has had a little experience with a "frat." That experience has not been altogether pleasant. The local ctterie of youngsters has not gained sutfi-'eit strentgth to be particularly troublesomle, but its influence is not good. A corre slondent of Thie Missoulian, the other day, wrote in suggestion that it \as it nmistake to call tile local organiztion a fraternity. It should, he said, le dubbed a sorority, except that it whioul not hi' fair t,i the girls. oif the high schoul "frat" t lt Clicago l'ost has i.; to say: No educator .of any experience has ever dlefended thie higll-scll1,l1 fraternity. All educators hi;L\e recognized that the high-school secret society has ts root in a perfectly normal tcet-namely, the existence of the "gang instinct" in a;deeIsccnt yOuths. But to recognize the fact that young people of that age tend to "run" in well-deflned groups and to have friendships of marlked strength and devotior. is ,L: noi means to argue tliat the higih school fraternit, is a safe i or worthy explst.iOn of that instil,ct. The unanimity of opinion ought to have more plopular weight than it has. The world of sclhool imen is naturally an argumentative world. Sides will surely be taken on every question if there are any sides to take. The fact, then, that during its existence the high-school se cret society has failed to gather up any defenders or protagonists among educators is surely a sig ltficant fact. But some parents still talk as though the attack upon the high school fraternity was wholly of a demagogic character, inspired by jealousy and resentment. No doubt jealousy and resentment have played their part, and quite rightly, too, since the public schools have an egalitarian basis which is tremendously worth pre serving. But it is a piece of stu pidity for parents to assume that this is all there is to it. As a matter of fact, there are probably very few school princi pals who have not been seriously concerned, at one time or another. over private discoveries regarding relationship between the fraterni ties and the moral tone of the school. S,,metimes these discov eries have had the proportions of scandals; sometimes they have simply been evidences of a general deterioration of character. But they have been enough to convince school men that the over-elabo rate high school sseret society is a spoor vehicle for the expression of the scial instinct of young people. WRITTEN PROPOSALS. Massachusetts is surprising the na tion, this year, by its progressive ten d nci, s. The Bay state breaks out in a new place every little while. Almost every week we get some new thrill from Iic.a'on hill. At first sight, there seems to be little more than material for a merry laugh In a bill which was introduced in the Massachusetts legis lature last week by Representative Prime; the bill provides that offers of marriage will not be hinding unless they are made in writing. But Mr. Prile is much in earnest in his advo cacy of his proposition. Hle says it is not a hatter for laughter, but is really a serriis prtposition. tie points out that such a law as he proposes would soon stop blackmailing suits for breach of promise, and that it would be entirely business-like. We do not know whether or not the Prime bill provides that the proposal must be acknowledged before a notary public, hut we do know that it marks a dis tinct change in Massachusetts, where it is not so very long since you could collect frlom the executors of a man's will if you could show that the man had promised verbally to leave you something in his testament, even if the will did not have anything to show for it. The assurance of Mr. Underwood, that the tariff changes will not affect business, is about what was expected. When he knew his bills would be ve toed, Underwood was a warm little revisionist. Hut it is different now. The emperor of Germany had many celebrations of his birthday, yester day and last night, but there are none more jovial than that of the Missoula Sonsll of Hlernmann. The lobbyists would serve their own interests better by staying away from Helena, though they might not gain so much immediate financial profit personally. You can never tell by the introduc tion of a bill what it means or whether the man who Introduces it is for It, If he is of the reactionary side of the house. The weather bureau tells us that this week's storm will comle out of northwest C'anada. Which is some more reciprocity of the Taft brand. A good way to find out what the chamber of commerclllile is doing is to become I i member. It will help the gi od work along. Examinations for Ipstimlastershilips are something inw, but they are likely to avert examinltations oif postmnaster ships. Th progressives are ilaking a show ing which is till to tile good, wherever they have represintatlon in the legis lature. What doth its profit a man if he cleaneth hiis own walk and his neigh bor leaveth his buried beneath the Hsnow ? Dr. ,Vllson mighlt he.lp out the Young Turks In their ilpresentt dilemma. lie has a surplus of cabinet material. VWhen Missoula s chlckens reach I elena, the (Capital-city folks will learn what ('onstitutes good poultry. Thile fishing is goid in thile Bitter Hitter Ihot this month. According to all accounts, it is not badt in Helena. The weather man is making it easy, but there are aL goodl many citizens who haven't cleared their walks. The status of wltolan in Monltana is :lreadyi pretty satisfactory, anid it is getting better aill thi time. Isn't there a corrultt-pratt ie pirovl sihl which governs, thile presence of a lobby at the legislttulre? The pirincipal ibusiness of onC side of ilte legislature sIIenIs to be to ke 'i tile vatter muddy. The clearance-sale season tempers the January wlidi to the ('hrlstmlas shorn parent. Nor is it strange tlhat tile Young Turks have difficulty in forming a cabinet. The Missoullan class ad places you in touch with what or whom you want. Try it. Next Priday is the cyclopedia sale day. Get ready to secure your books early. The Mexican belligerents are unable to agree even upon a conference. BY WHAT STANDARD? By their fruits ye shall know them.-Matthews VII, 20. The tree is known by his fruit.-Luke XII, 33. The tendency of the argument of the consolidationists is to measure the efficiency of an educational institution by the cost of its equipment and by the expense of its main tenance. We believe this is a wrong view of the case. There have been, during the past few days, several com munications addressed to the editor of The Missoulian and published upon this page, which have dealt directly with this phase of the question and have presented the situation at the state university in belittling fashion. The character of the work which has been done at the state university is best shown by the records which the alumni of the institution have made. It is by the fruit that a tree is judged; it is by the output that a manufactory is rated. Measured by this standard, the state university has done excellent work. It is a matter of record, leaving out of consideration the revenue of the institution as not affecting this phase of the question except to emphasize it, that the enrollment of stu dents of collegiate grade at the state university is greater and has been greater for several years than at the state agricultural college. There are no preparatory students at the university, whatever. If numbers count-and the consolidationists say they do-then the state university has been doing better work. If it has done this better work with a smaller appropriation, so much the better. So much as to the quantitative analysis. As to the qualitative features of the work, we have the assurance of several educational experts who have inspected the work of the university during the past two years, that there is no western university with higher standards and with stand ards better maintained, than the University of Montana. Money is much but it is a long way from being the main thing. We believe that the faculty counts for more than the buildings. e share with President Craighead the belief that the sta university has a strong faculty. We are positive that ere is equipment for good university work at the inst.tion. We renew the expression of be lief that with llmembers of the faculty devoting their energies to t uilding of the university, the institution will make sp did progress. We know clg ome highly important research work which has been dor t t the state university. We know there are faculty members who are capable of directing further work of this sort which will be to the advantage of the institution in giving it standing in the country's educational circles. Many of the university's bulletins have attracted wide at tention in more than one branch of learning. There was reference yesterday and there is reference again today, in published communications, to an alleged Bozeman conspiracy to consolidate the state's institutions in the Gallatin city. Granting that such a conspiracy exists, does that affect the argument for consolidation? Rather, it makes the argument against consolidation all the stronger. If we are opposed to consolidation as a gen eral principle-and we are-we are just as strongly opposed to consolidation in a specific case. The Bozeman talk-that is, the talk about Bozeman's alleged conspiracy-does not affect the consolidation argu ment. It is a question raised to muddy the waters. Dr. Underwood asks that we cease discussing the university faculty and proceed with the discussion of consolidation. Yet he proceeds to depart immediately from that discussion. We feel justified in standing up for the merits of the work which has been done at the university. It has been good. It has made the University of Montana known gen erally throughl"the country. We have, here and now, all the factors essential to more high-class work. Let's get it. I ARGUMENT Editor Missoulian:-I have read with interest the various communica tions appearing in your paper in re gard to the matter. of consolidation. I should like to be allowed a little space in The Missoulian for the discussion of some points which it seems to me all the people of the city must have noticed, but which have been given little attention thus far in the pages of The Missoulian. I notticed first .that when the Boze man papers were talking consolida tion (at Biozeman) of the engineering work, that The Missoulian had not a word to say. At the same time I no ticed that the Kalmin, the student pa per of the university, had a good deal to say about it. Now 1 should like to ask where the editor of The Mlssou lian was showing more loyalty to Mis soula in failing to object to the taking of the engineering school away from the university than the editor of the Kalinin was showing to Missoula hby objej.ting to that plan? Furthermore, since The Missoulian has had a good deal to say about the loyalty of the faculty of tile university, I should like to ask the 1editor of The Missoulian who is was that proceeded to take steps against the consummlnation of the Bozeman plan of consolidation? As far as I have been able to learn, it was the faculty of the University of Montana under the vry ablde leader shii of President ('raighead. I fail to find that the editor of The Mis sioulian, or Mr. Evans, or the chamber of commtnierce, or anyone else, stirred himself in the matter. As a matter of fact, this plan would very likely have been put through with no oppo sitlon if the faculty of the University of Montana had not come to the rescue. I should like to ask when Mlssoula has ever bestirred herself as a city or as represented in her chamber of commerce for the univer sity? All the activity on the Iart of Missoula I have been alile to discover has been in the direction of stirring tip a row and in getting presidents dismissed. Is this going to build up a university? Second, I have noticed that the let ters dealing with the affirmative side of this question have brought forth facts and reasons and authorities tq support the opinions of the writers; while the letters on the other side have been concerned largely with picking flaws with small grammatical errors or errors in the spelling of a word or two. due very irobably to carelessness in the dffice of Tihe Mis soulian, and similar to the spelling I dilscover in The Missoullan's Sunday editorial "great." I am moved to ask the gentlemen who are sc zealous in regard to the matter of -epolling what the spelling of a particular r ord has to do with argument? Third, I notice that The Missoulian misreprresents every statement made by the defenders of consolidation, and instead of producing something in the way of argument, proceeds to take some single statement, considering it apart fr tm the context, and so twist it as to make it mean something deroga tory to the university here. I wonder if the editor of The Missoullan thinks for a momIent that he is befogging the minds of the people by these methods? The question before the people of Montana is not "What con stitutes a real university in the proper acceptation of that term," but "Shall Montana have a real university?" Fourth, what can be the possible good effects of poking fun at a non resident student over some blunder of The Missoulian office, or of trying to muzzle the faculty of the univer sity' in thet cinsideration of this edu eational questin ? In the light of the facts, na.mrly, that every great edu cator is out oplenly in favor of this plan how should the student expect the faculty of the university to act differently, and how must he view any attempt to hinder the faculty of the university most intterested from say ing the sanre things alout the plan that all educators worthy of any serious attention are saying? For my part I fail to see how any good is to be gained by such an attitude. It occurs to me that this is the one sure way to convince the people of the state that Missoula is no fit town for ia great university, and further to con vince them of the necessity of con solidation at the earliest possible mo ment. It is also a good way to drive students from the university. I notirced that even in the matter of the per capita expense The Mis soulian has misrepresented the facts. The Missoulian has not taken the fig uIres for maintenance of the univer sities considered, but has made it ap pear that a great, growing university like the University of Wisconsin is rmore exptensive than the segregated school. One might as well argue that we should have an institution for each liprofessor and a store for each family. All the world knows that the whole movement of the modern indus trial and economic life is toward the elimination of duplication. The fig tires given in the Sentinel showed conclusively that again The Missou lian was attempting to make black appear white. I have verified those figures and find them correct, if we may trust the authority quoted, the report of the commissioner of educa tion. If The Missoulian has any argu ment to offer, any real facts or sta tlstics or authorities in favor of the negative side of this side of this question, I am sure the people of Missoula would be glad to read them. But nmud-slinging and quibbling over a letter misprinted or over some other non-essential is not argument, and I had always believed the editor of The Missoulian was a man of sufficient intelligence to know this. Let The Missoulian "Put up or shut up." A READER OF BOTH SIDES. Missoula, Jan. 27, 1913. GREATEST BENEFIT Editor Missoulian-In the discussion of the question of a consolidated uni versity for the state of Montana, we have had the opinion of the educators, students, newspaper men, professional and business men, both pro and con, but there is a class of citizens who furnish the majority of the votes, more than their share of the taxes and a big majority of that population of which it is our sacred duty to try to educate. Of this class we seldom have their opinion on public issues, espe cially when the discussions are through the medium of the press. So in the interest of this large class of citizens I offer these remarks. What does the consolidationists mean by a greater university, and who would be the beneficiaries of the consolidation. It surely could not be argued that the size or amount of cash required to establish such an institution would create greatness; then we presume that they 'would say that the basis of its greatness would be the greatest bene fit to the greatest number of those to be served, which is the true measure of all greatness, but let us reason with ourselves for a moment. If all of our higher educational institutions were combined in any one town or city in Montana what would be the result. How many of the students who have graduated or are at present members of the student body would have at tended or would be attending a uni versity situated at say Bozeman how many would have been denied the privilege of the school of mines or the agricultural college if 'they had been consolidated with the university at Missoula. How many of this great majority of citizens are able to send their children away from home to edu cate them, when will the time come when this great horde of American citizens have the assurance of equal justice with their more fortunate neighbors in the matter of education. No consolidation would create a greater institution in the true sense of the meaning of greatness. It would keep many of the poorer class from the education which is their dues by right. It would in effect build up a city which is the most ineconomical location for the poorer class. It would build up a student body of the sons and daughters of the more wealthy families of the state and from other states, which do not need any facili ties manufactured for their assistance in educational matters. So we believe that the more institutions of higher learning we have scattered over the state the more education we will have among the class of citizens which stand in the greatest need of educa tion, and a greater number of the pop ulation of the state will reap the hbcne fit. 'OCnsolidations are generally under the same principle to place the bene fits and the power in the hands of tihe ft w while the majority settle. Yours very respectfully, I,. N. ALLEN. IMissoula, Jan. 27, 1913. TO C. M. ALLEN Editor Missoulian-Mr. Allen's plea for the separation of special schools presented in your issue of January 23 seems to show some misapprehension of the nature of a university. As defined by Mr. Dunston in the "Butte Post," "a state university should be made up of all its institu tions of higher education usually known as colleges." Each of these colleges can be more efficiently as well as economically managed when they are all in one group than when each is isolated. The greatest professional schools in the country are in our great universi ties. It is sufficient to mention the Johns Hopkins' Medical school and the schools of engineering and agri culture at Cornell. If the school of agriculture, of mining, or any special school at the greater university of Montana should be neglected it would be the fault of the university author ities, and the people could correct this through the legislature. When the special schools are iso lated each one has to duplicate that large part of the work common to all. For example the fundamental sci ences, for which costly laboratories and apparatus are required, must be duplicated at each school. If greater efficiency could be se cured 'by isolation this dutplication might be justified; but all the highest educational experience shows the ef ficiency of special schools to be in creased by sharing in the broader re sources and opportunities of the whole comttmunity of schools. Conso'idation does not propose the absorption of the other schools by one of the group: but the union of all into one Institution in which they will be mutually helpful instead of compe titors. X. I.Missoula, Jan. 27, 1913. THE HORSE PLAGUE Editor M~issoula-There appeared in the Sentinel the latter part of last week, an article emanating from the Deputy *State Veterinarian Dr. J. H. Ward that the dreaded horse plague had broken out in the state and 1.000 horses had died from it this last two years. In the Missoulian an article comes from the state office in Helena denying this statement as being ut terly false and that this man Ward's excuse was that he had been mnis quoted. It seems to every reasonable thinking iperson that no paper could publish such a glaring statement with out having gotten some material from A PARADOX! chocolate flavor and There's more nourishment. Why? chocolate i n Va n Because the exces Houten's cocoa than sive butter fat is re in chocolate itself- moved - and by the more of the real old Dutch process. this man to build up such an article. But it seems that this man Ward be longs to the pneumatic type of hu manity, and is working up a cheap advertising scheme for his business as i veterinarian, using his state ap pointment to emphasize that he is superior to anyone else. Now the veterinary department of the state has. been in the hands of a bunch of pirates for a long time and has been exploited with by its occu pants to the building up of an im mense 'private practice to the detri mnent of the state and public at large. A short time ago gratuitous railroad passes were held by the occupants of this office which facilitated this pri vate practice and enormous fees ex acted for what they knew and in a great many instances for what they did not know. Now if a man holds an office paying $3,000 and $2,000 ex penses and deputies paid in proportion one would think that their time should be absolutely devoted to that office, for if a man has his own business to attend to, it is oniy natural that he would attend to it first, and the other part would come in a poor second, so if these men are not satisfied with the remuneration that goes with this of fice, there is nothing to prevent them from resigning, there are hundreds of more able mon wha woohl be thankful to get the job, and as the legislature is in session it might be a good time to look in this important office and get a few pointers as to how it is be ing run for a few startling truths might shake its foundation. LA TAX PAY1ER. Stevensville, Jan. 27, 1913. PRESS AGENTS TALK OF THEIR SHOWS "A Modern Eve." The family of asimiir Cascadier really plresents not onte but three ex amlrnes of "A Modern Eve," the title of the Mort it. Singer lierlin musical success .which will be seen at the IHarnois thelater n IF'riday Janiiary 31. First, of course, there is tinet. ('ascadier, a f,eliever in the eqluality of the sexes, a lawyer and a woman whose energy of character keleps ev er.ibody about her on the jump. Then there are the two daughters, Hence and Camille, the former an artist and the latter a pIhysician. Bloth are sprightly twinsonle damsels who <do much to aid thi ir mother in her me thods of ketpinlg things lively. Such attractive girls as these are of course besieged by suitors. Camille decides that an Englishman, Dicky Ruther ford, is the man for her, and Renee succumbs to the graceful wooing of Justin Pontgirard. Diverse difficult les at first interfere with th0 happi ness of these lovers; and even after Renee is married, her militant mother continues to display her forceful char acter and endeavors to make Renee divorce the new son-in-law. But Renee won't divorce her Justin-simply won't-and so that is the end of the difficulty. And eventually, all the other troubles are likewise brought to satisfactory conclusions. Especially delightful among the songs of this Berlin operette are "Is the Girl You Married Still the Girl You Love?" "Good-bye Everybody," Rita, My Margarita," "You're Such a Lonesome Moon Tonight," "Every Day is Christ mas When You're Married," "Won't You Smile," and "I'm Leaving Home, Papa." Parsifal At American. The Ambroslo company of Turin has excelled itself in a grand production of "Parsifal," which has been im mortalized by the music of Richard WVagner and is known throughout the world as an operatic masterpiece. The American theater announces having received this film and will present it to the patrons of the house today. The opening of the film shows us the passing of the procession of the Knights of Monsalvata, who go to venerate the St. Graal, the cup in which is kept the holy blood of Christ. They arrive at the temple, where the Bishop appoints Amfortas as guardian *g e~v .all G0un and Orii of the St. Graal, saying to him: "This cup will make you invincible if you will keep pure." The magicians Klingsoor and Kond rie suddenly appear and together con spire to make Amfortas sin. The next scene shows the trick of the two magicians and how successful they were in causing Amfortas to sin,which makes him unworthy of the office as guardian of the St. Graal. Amfortas is punished by God by a mysterious illness and his suffering causes him to confess to the Bishop his fault. They both kneel, praying God to pardon him and appoint a worthy successor. They are rewarded by seeing a vision of Parsifal. At that moment Parsifal is awaken ed by an angel and feels that he has been appointed to a great mission, and making way to his home he tells to his old mother of his vision. The next scenes show us Parsifal learning the laws of Knighthood and the use of arms. Then he obtains his father's sword and arms handed to him by his mother. We again see the two magicians plotting to tind the chosen knight and they, using the magic looking-glass, see a reflection of him in it and then conspire to ruin him as they had Am fortas. After disguising themselves as a knight and his lady, they ride out and meet Parsifal and accompany him to King Arthur's court, where Parsifal meets the notorious Knights Of the Round Table. He refuses to join in their orgies. The .ishop of St. (raal, who is in attendance at the court, is mocked by the knights and safely rescued by Parsifal, whom the Bishop sees for the first time and recognizes him as the knight elected by his vision. Together they leave the court and the Bishop relates to Parsifal the mystery of the Holy Graal. Parsifal is then left alone and the magician Klingsor tries to kill him, but he is disarmed by Parsifal, who makes his way to the Temple. Again the magicians try to cause his ruin and taking the short path, they inter cept him and direct him wrongly. T'rhey then ambush him and entice him to their castle, where they make fruit less attempts to cause him to sin, but he escapes again and makes his way to the Temple. It is the solemn day of prayers and Amfortas, who is stricken ,by God, tries to re-enact the miracle, but his prayers are not answered. Parsifal's timely arrival to Monsalvato is wel cormed by the Bishop and by the knights, who thought him lost. He takes his place as guardian of the Holy Graal and performs the miracle, conferring the heavenly Blessing. CANNOT BE "OWLS." Seattle, Jan. 27.-The International Brotherhood of Owls, a fraternal order established in Seattle a year ago, was forever enjoined today by the federal clstrict court from using the name "owl." The injunction was issued at the suit of the Order of Owls, which has its headquarters in ISouth Bend, Ind., and which alleges that It was founded in 1904 and has 250,000 mem bers. MOTHERS' PENSION BILL. .Sacramento, Jan. 27.-An appropria tion for $860,000 for a mothers' pen sion system is contained in a bill hbacked by the state board of control, which will be introduced tomorrow in both houses of the legislature. Then system outlined in the bill contem plates the keeping of children of de pendent mothers in their homes, state aid being extended through the county gevernment. LOST SOLDIERS FOUND. Billings, Jan. 27.-Two privates of the company of United States soldiers stationed at 'Fort Yellowstone in the Yellowstone National park, who dis appeared while on duty January 22, were found today badly frozen. They lost their way in a blizzard which be gan soon after they left the fort. It is reported the men will recover.