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Published Every Day in the Year. MMI8OULTAN PUBLISHING CO. Missoula, Montana, Entered at the postoffice at Mlssoula, Montana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance.) Daily, one month .............................. $0.75 Daily, three months ....................... 2.25 Daily, six months ...... ..... .. ..... 4.00 Daily, one year ... ..............8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell... ..................110 Independent....510 MISSOULA OFFICE 129 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 221 Main Street, Hamilton, Mont. The Missoulian may be found on sale at the following newstands out side of Montana: Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison streets. Minneapolis-World News Co., 219 North Fourth street. Salt Lake City-MacGillis & Lud wig. San Francisco-United News Agents. Portland-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington. Seattle - Eckart's News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. 0. Whitney. Spokane-Jamieson News. CO. Tacoma--Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Missoulian is anxious to give the best carrier service; therefore. sub scribers are requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper change to new address, please give old address also. ,Money rdlers and checks shouldt be made lir olle to The Missoulian Publishing comlpany. d- ..... 14, 1 Two souls in one, two hearts in to one heart.-DuBartas. AUF WIEDERSEHEN. This mnirning rwe drink a stirrup cUi\\ witht tilhe Fourt' ntllth. Missoula itisihes thei gallant regilllttlt a pleas ant jan1rn1y to its new post, a safe ar rival and a lappy life until the next lilat'ching ord(lers come. The privilege of having kno\\wn intimately this regi tInnt is one which we all appreciate. The mnemories which we shall hiold of the stay if these siltlitrs at Fort Mis -tla i\ill b, he pleasant. That, onie tof these da.lys, we \ ay rmeet agalt is the wish (of Missoula. If our paths shall cross tonie iture, we kntow the greet ilng alnl the lexpeirietncet \\will Ihe ntu tullly cordial. If this tlteetilng does nut react, w\\ staill still think always of the Fiourteenth as :a fini e lt t of gentle hmn, It-nitrinig the nllifora thily wear illl \vtrthly of it. Attf \Wied rshell. NEED FOR ACTION. tat tus o gaii intlltire what is d tig 1i l r sl lor f ii the prpositin sti tSe llre th ilet act'llellnt of a lit" whlich rliatll prIvide a. fixed and sufficient relvitil(e fr ar l tll ll ini stitl tiIallS of higher elu'n tionu. ,l,.t us no t l ,r -r,'iln ul tlhe friiil·n s itf the state tItuni xl rsity that this i. thlte ust inp irt :i llt sur, ias al'tfecting tlhe illnstitu th"it, wvhich his ten-II ietfort the hgis lature i mll m . e t rs, Its vt'wl; ni.l enltl will nlarl, the. ,'gillnnint, of 11ti ,ra -t'rlitill,'lt attila efficietncil 1 ihich will ] ll , the d( ,tel )l mhent 'oif the \li r fr whlich \ne all hip s, THE TELEPHONE. .. i i -l I ri tireport of ra'o tli 'i hi ,f th i I untaitti Ft Stat'es " - , ptlh toe - Itpin i; Vyesterdaty It i ill this " - i it t\a ts publlished ill its -i 1:rtty it, The M\lisstllin. It is a dor - , t -f m ,re than passing inte rest tend it p..-,seis tintmtly sigtilt ilti' Ilv reasion of the fact thati todaily is thti C:.Ini', rs'try .,) th,, :;ranting if ' h first 1It-l telephone patenti ill tihe ]'nit, d States. It was Fetbrutry 1 1, 1T.o7 , that rl', tfecss r Ale. x ll r (r1, ham Bell r,.ci'ted his first letter it pottent in thb. talking machine whieh he 110d rill ntc", .111\1 which hills re iardeod as litthl mire than t pitlyttitig aint date is iell withint tihe itlrehr" ti Iraill 11gr. Thel are sotlm, if iis, tii wth' runlintber tthose. e:irle tihl phCnI-s t inpardel ith tt 1 instit t liints of tdtyt thit, were cruate , in-ll Six mr.nths afterr rtt ep.ire h11 rawe iii1t.t that f;rst palt . ('a l v :uld me s\:. +(:"" :'t. i to stateht ,d. N the Cen t, niat state is the central liteadtlar ti rs of a great telephone sy sthaen r.., hing in all directions and giving :,, r\'ier to many cities that had th< n it1 Iplace upon the timap. T'hese are C;,t,es and incidents which illustrat,' Ilh,. wonderful advance in d, v,.l l)p Inent which has tak(n place in this 'hneration. A great empire has grown out of \;hat was then a wilderness: L\t\ railways have penetrated this re gion; its people are placed in close It does not require a deep knowledge of Mexican politics to appreciate the fact that the presence of this new revolu tion darkens into deep shadow the prospects for the estab lishment of a free government of Mexico by Mexicans. There is in this latest coup little of that hope which made democrats all over the world sympathize with the revolt headed by Madero against the older Diaz. The revolu tion of 1910 was aimed against a man who had become re garded as a cruel, autocratic dictator. "Benevolent des pot" he had been called, but a despot he had become, un questionably. The revolt against the autocratic rule of Porfirio Diaz at least possessed the form of democratic ad vance and we have never since come to believe that Madero was not sincere in his idealistic wish to make the republic one of fact as well as of name. The events of this week in the Mexican capital make it yet doubtful whether the new Diaz has obtained a perma nent ascendency. He scored a brilliant beginning, but it may be that he has merely inaugurated another term of guerilla warfare. It may be that Madero will stamp out the rebellion in the capital, but it remains to be seen how much encouragement the guerilla bands in the rural dis tricts will receive from this urban victory. Whether this revolution is ended or whether it has just begun we cannot-certainly at the time these words are written-tell with any positiveness. Nor can we tell for a period of days or even weeks. For there lurks behind this newest disturbance in Mexico the impending fear that the autocracy of the old Diaz may have crushed for our time, at least, the capacity of the Mexican people for ordered and stable government. Our best information from Mexico is vague as to the actual conditions which exist there. We have only the elusive suggestions that the Madero revolution was the re sult of a connivance with American capitalists. Recently, there has been the assertion that the Washington adminis tration has purposely concealed important information. The charge has been made that the attorney general has endeavored to protect offenders because of some veiled un derstanding with one side or the other in the Mexican squabble. But, upon the face of the returns, we have nothing to warrant us in doubting the sincerity of the Madero move ment. On the other hand, the dissensions in Mexico have demonstrated that the people there are unfit for self-gov ernment; they do not comprehend the fact that govern ment is not in purpose for the pockets of those in power. There is jealousy and envy and a disregard of the very ele ments of patriotism. And does not this situation in Mexico furnish food for thought for those who contend that the Filipinos are ready to assume the responsibilities of self-government? tiouch with each other; we now ac - cept as co mmnnplace, features of daily life which in 1876 would haveI loon regarded as impossible. VALENTINE DAY. BIecause Roman legend gave to FeIb ruary 14 the distinction of being the day when birds mnated anid Iierause good ,St. Valentinei sulffered m.artyr doiii on that date, we have a collinta tint of myth land fact out of \ hichl has groVwn tihe modelrn valentine, the niissiv.e if livers. 'There are prett, cuistolis connllnected with the day; it furnishes illan excuse for the display iof stntinlilit \vwhich rulbs the rough edtges off Soltn , fiellt s W\thil othetrwise \\oulhi sneer at indultgencle of this sort, but \\. ih re really the better for It. It is lal sing to mite that I(much of the SslianS.llIss which in former ya.nrs t'i raieterizid the o.bservance o)f this day his disaipptlrd; the i).-callhed Slllit \' valenlltillne does not hold the nstlcll ul Oulll pl)]a( 'e which\ J it O,.o tillle cupilied. Thei sndiling of at card Of reminder and rinoill' bru ncltl(, especialli if it he it~'iplnlllllied hy it h .unch of Ilo lers, iS I till d iaty cltSt ii Which is aiing the right touch to this day. ''his is lo -ers' day and it is lhve, they -: .y, tlhat makclit s the \sorhd g-t 'rund1111 It du.s a f,-llow gid toi have ai Val mlinatinll t i to rmeme1 rll b er today ill the lright way. \ .'litssoulat m;il adv\i rtisced last Su.l hi wanliid i wife. li hais reueived 22 I lns\ tr W hich shuis lthait not all Ihe l 1 a .. , 1 r inine tho lght is directed ,tr d ilt'i bIall O t. n 'ii manners h lle delteriorateid i x ii'. tha IU11 in's ll t iiers art h tilt \ ,."ith: llin ke thelll. S\'Il'u it' atli> lla n to be s.horter anu e ilt d lt if Skits sulggtir d nasre' r halintg. Wh ,'"t will thel r lea tio ii i mlle tun hol xilhisive will it be? l'h,, Seattle jutdge who ruled that ratan and wife should not sit on the samie jury, had evidenitly it desirle to lpruollite i ittr tellrt i t his juries. While It will never cro\wd Out on tirely the oldl lace valentinell. the lit tle bunch of violets is climbing hiit first place ini popular fiavor. Washinlgton will not seemll lie tihe same 'lI place, when Pauline Wayne returns ito Wisconsin iland to the pas tures of Sentor l teptlliensoln. erinlllily is wvorkin.g hailrd to make minoling-lpicture shoes dlecint ais well as plpular. In this respect, we have led (Germlany a bit. Your sholl.ilig will e Illmaie easier and oulr expense bill will bie reduced if you read Missoulian advertising habituall y. Inasmuch as Mr. Hall's physical ctondition lpractically forbade his ac ceptance of the district judgeship, (Governor Stewart evidently thought it would be well to keep it in the fir l. Panama Canal Tolls III-Administration Reply By Frederic J. Haskin. When Secretary of State Philander C. Knox wrote the reply of this gov ernment to the English notes pro testing against theo Panama Canal act, he politely told Sir Edward Grey that the Blritish Foreign office dis played so little knowledge of the President's proclamation fixing tolls on the canal that he could scarcely believe it had been read before Sir IlEdward drafted his note of protest. This was somlething of a case of tit for tat, since Sir Edward had ex pressed the belief in his note that l'resident Talt had not been able to catch the( purport of the Innes note. Such is the course of diplomatic in direction. Mr. Knox then recalled the fact to the Blritlsh Foreign Mlin ster that he had probably protested before Iis country was hurt, since his note was published the day after the pro clallation was issuedi, and, therefore, seemingly before G(treat Britain could have understood the etffect of the President's pIroclamation. Mr. Knox intermned Sir Ed\aurd that the whole te nor of his note swas a protest against what the lpresident might do rather than against what he had done. He decla;red that since it was evident that England hald protested without wait ing to, untderstand the piresident's profclamnation, the diplomatic situation that Sir Edward was discussing was wholly different froml the one Ilnow i xisting. Mr. Kinox in this tacitly ig nired the luritish cotnintion that it was a violation of the treaty to as suiiie the right to exemllt American ships, whether the exemptilon was ac tually made or not. ':The three direct objections to the canal act urged by the British gov ernlllent are that it exemlpts coast wise traffic from paying tolls, that it gi\'s the president power to dis criulinliate against foreign shipping, a:nd that it gives tile government i owned vessels of the R.epublic of Pan aiiat the right to use the canal free. 'aking up these objections in reverse oIrder, Secretary Knox explresses sur prise that England should drag Pan ama into the matter. He says that the treaty with the Republic of Pan amaj, provid'ting for this toll exemption, has I ecn in effect for a decade, and that until now not a syllable of pro test lhas bIeen hit ard. He concludes that all the facts in the case indicate that EIngland does not want to sub tuit that nuiattler to arbitration. With reference to the allegation that the canal act gives to the president the right to fix tot's in a way that would te discriminatory against Brit ish shipping, Secretalry Knox advises England that it will be time enough to consider this question when the president takes such action. With reference to, the principle of exempting coastwise traffic from toll charges, the IBritish government is re minded that in its first note it prac tically conceided the right of the United ,States to exempt its coastwise shipping from toll charges, when it said that if "the trade should be so regulated as to make it certain that . sly bona-fide coastwise traffic would be benefited by this exemption, it may be that no objection could be taken." Secretary Knox then drives another argument home by asking if the United States to be denied the right to exempt such traffic simply because England has a suspicion or believes there is a possibility that the regulations yet to be framed may not restrict this exemption to coastwise traffic entirely. The Grey note expresses the fear that the United States will, in re mitting the tolls on coastwise busi ness assess the entire charges of main tenance of the canal upon vessels in the foreign trade, and thus cause them to bear an unequal burden. To this Secretary Knox has replied that the British government is far from the facts. He shows that this coast wise traffic was computed by Pro fessor Emory Johnson in his calcula tions, and the loss incurred by the re mission of these tolls will fall solely upon the United States. lie further more calls England's attention to the fact that the treaty gives the United States a right to charge, in the very words of Sir Edward Grey himself, a toll that would return to the lUnited States "the interest on the capital expended and the cost of the opera tlon and maintenance of the canal." As a matter of fact, the United States does not propose to charge England a rate of toll that will yield such returns. Under the English con struction, warranting the United States in charging a rate that would yield a return on the capital Investedl and the cost of operation and mainte nance, we might have fixed the rate at nearly three dollars instead of at $1.20. It is estimated that our total outlay on account of the canal, in cluding interest, the cost of operation, maintenance, and policing, will repre sent approximately $27,000,000 a year. Professor Johnson estimates that 10, 500,000 tons, net register, or shipping, will pass through the canal to begin with, and that this anmount will he increased to about 17,0j0,000 tons ten years hence, and to some 27,000,000 tons in 1935. From all this it will be seen that instead of working a hard ship on England by remitting tolls on coastwise traffic, it will be nearly 20 years before England will be paying for its shipping what it costs to main tain and operate the canal for its ben efit. This, of course, begs the ques tion of the treaty guarantee of equal ity of treatment. Secretary Knox observes that since admittedly we are not going to make enough out of the tolls iwe charge to meet the fixed charges and the cost of operation and maintenance for many years to come, when we fix a rate below that point we are practically subsidizing every vessel that passes through the canal, be it British or American, foreign or coastwise. With the British government recognizing the right of the United S:ates to ex ompt its coastwise traffi - provlde'? it does not add toll or other burdens to British shipping, with the United States, including coastwise :hipping in its estimates of tonnage upon whica to predicate a fixing of tolls, and te ing in a position to guarantee that the exemption under the canal act shall be limited to bona-flife eoa.twise traffic, Secretary Knox grofe(sses to he unable to see what England is coin plaining about. In other than displomatic language he thinks that England has gone of: half cocked-that it objects t) the canal act, but that the act does not fix the tolls. He charges them of ig noring the president's proclamation, which, he thinks, puts at rest prac tically all the fanciful injuries that Sir Edward Grey thinks are about to descend upon British shipping. He says their protest is a protest more against wihat may halppen than against what has happened. He thinks Great Britain is suing us because we have the power to commit trespass against our neighbor rather than because we have colmittlied such trespass. In concluding hiis reply to Sir Ed ward Grey, Secretary Knox politely asked him to wait until the act and the President's proclamation do indi cute that they will work inequality of treatment or unjust and inequitable tolls upon British vessels, and that then, if Great Britain chooses to as sert that they do, the question will be raised whether the United States is bound by that treaty to take into ac count and to collect tolls from Amrer lean vessels. liut to date, he observes, nothing nmore substa ntial upon which to plredicate action has made its ap pearance than a mere possibility. Secretary Knox recognizes that Eng land may want to, inquire into the matter to se. if its shipping actually is harmed, and indirectly offers to aid in that inquiry. He says that if such an inquiry still leaves a doubt in the English mind, the matter could then be submitted to a commission of in quiry for examination, and that if there is still grtound for dispute over the diplomatic tphases of the con troversy it Wmight be submitted to a joint high commission, as provided for in the unratified arbitration treaty. While many Ame(ricans believe that the American note is an effective answer to the British contentions so far as they \\ere set forth in the Innes and Grey notes, there are others who believe that our canal policy Is vio lative of the rights of England, and that particularly iare we in error if we assume that the United States may discrimlinate on all its shipping against the shilpping of Great Brit aln. And it seems very probable, from the general tenor of the English corresplondence, in which so many points in favo'r of the United States are conceded, that Britain's protest Is not so mtuch, after all, against our rights to exenlpt coastwise traffic, as it is a service of notice that it would he wholly displeased if the United States should ever assume that it is not one of the "all nations" which are included in the neutrality and equal privilege idea of the Hay-Pauncefote treaty. England doubtless realizes that there seems to be a growing inclina tion in the United States to assume that since we built the canal we are entitled to give Anerican ships of every kind any exemptions we are minded to, and to feel that so long as 2test Va ~::~:::~.C~:': ne ofi~All' I ;~i~iii~iii~I·ii~i~ .8Fi~i~ii r ~·"~~Sii~i~B ii "rii~~~ia ~t~aii~sr r ~ ~iiii~ :.i I i:::i::-j:'·i:::::::IP~~: ii~I ::; .r:·l:: ·i .~·,·: ii::::..~- isi:i~-::'~l:.iji~hb::~::::i.:ir;::·.':di'-::~:':.:: :::.:i ~.::·i.l.j:::i'i~~:~.~ iia ''''''':l'ii:i·"s" ::: j~::ii:9r::~i:iI ::::i i:i:::::·::::-i ··: ::·:::::l:s·:r:8iI:i::ii::i:i:i::.i:.:i : .:·. ·::;· :::::::: :·:::r: i:j::'.'-r~:s::iiiI::::a~:i~.i~::~:1 i·:siii:.:i','i'l~'ii'':'I:·':~iiiiiii ' ""'':`;iii~~iii~ii~~ c·.: - ·:: c ·:·. . : ··:-:·:·.-::· ~:riis:i~i: la·: ::: :· i:::;i·:·:': ::';~i.i:i:;~i~i~ li::::::'·.ii·'i;~i~ ~:ir~i ·ar,:··,:~·::d~D)s·i:· ~ar~:·: :::`·····:::·-::~~ ·liD~:~ ··::2"::..:. ·: .·-··:·:::··~: :::::r:.: ·:·::::·::::::::::j ·:.· :·:·· t·r···i::~''· ·.l';;i:::::~·:i~·:i:!::P~ ·::ib!D~ :::: ··f··: :::.I.:·...:::::: ;· :::: ~i!i~~i~ .:~':: :::.....:.': I::.:.·.·::::·n·i.i~i·~ I··:.··~.;·i~ ~)il ::':'·::::::::- ~sr: i :::·i:~i::-~ ··:···::.j::; · .-·.· .1~i~i g:::·:::::.:::r6' ", ~ 'iEil~i~ '~l~iii :··· ": ::~ 3~::;:i:~::.,): :.:..:·.I 'I::········:~ "''':' ': ~·-' :::·i':''l:':.·i'::I'~'~~~:i::gi·i':'1· :::~·:·: ··:-·::·· ·ri .:-· r:.:;:·~· ···· ..~:·:·: ·'~~::.. .::·:.:..r~ ··'''''·'''·'~:-i'ili:ii::'~?~i ··::'~~::'~'"·····:·: ; ·· :::l::i:: ::. ··I::·. - ·.·:: ··.··:: ··: ··i ··:·,r·l ~ttl :nt~ij11 PB~rv~leq t O i-ii: EC ~,~i~h~i ~~r((p i~81!i·3)sC ostIlCno\u ~bat bcT j~m~4! t :s· .':',a ·r ~ a mma-rads too~groalll~u~ll~_d: ]I~e m~3 nre f;m~iVal~ntl'J~S. you --- ------ - ~~ we give the same treatml1nt to the vessels of the se\'ral l (re ign nati ,ni: e \\ill bIe observ\ing the letter of the Hay-Pauneefote treaty. ItOlel in the light of their uldmissions and c.,n cessions, it seems that the IBritish notes are, perhaps, more o( a service Manhattan Shirt Sale!! HAVE YOU picked out your Manhattan shirts from this special clearance sale? Better see to it. The qualities are well known; they're the best shirts made; so much better than the ordi nary that lots of our friends ' come in and "grab" them in lots of three to a dozen. It's un doubtedly the best shirt opportunity you'll see in a good long time. You'll regret if you miss it. FOUR SPECIAL LOTS At $1.35-Negli- At $1.85-Negli- At $2.25-Negli- At $2.75-Negli gees, stiff plaited gees, plain or gees, soft and gees in finest fab or plain fronts; plaited fronts, ele_ stiff plaited and rics and most ex ' gant patterns in soft fronts; many clusive patterns goodpatternsand light and dark col- rich light and and colors; ele nearly all sizes; ors; $2.50 shirts dark colors; $3 gant $3.50 shirts $2.00 shirts for for shirts for S135 $l85 $225 $275 of notice that suclh a construction of the treiaty v\ill not be acquiescied i1n, tha:n a lpriotest against the exemllhption I of coastivise traffic. Sonii of those who welcome the British protest do it biecau se they feel that the tirinciplle of exempting cost w\ise traffic from toll charges is un warrante(d either by reason of the re turns it will yield to the people who paid for the canal, or to the subsidy it will give to coastwise traffic, which already has a monopoly of American panlt-to-port tbusiness.