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THE DAILY MISSOULIAN
Published Every Day in the Year. MISSOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. Missoula, Montana. Entered at the postofflce at Missoula, Montana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance.) Daily, one m onth ..............................0.75 I Daily, three months .................. 25 Daily, six months ............................ 4.00, Daily, olne year ........... .......... 8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bill .. .............110 Independent....510 MISSOULA OFFICE 179 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 221 Main Str et, lamillton, Mont. The Miissollian may be found on sua!, at the fo!liwing newstands out t~ i, ,.1 II ltiann .i --hicago Newspaper Agen c . N . corner Clark itid Madison l !ncapolis---.Vrld News Co., 219 N rtlh i.'urth street. olt Lakt City--MacGiltlis & Luld aIn Frane scn-t'nited News Agents. ' rtla; d - t'mnsolidated News Co., S, .nth and W\ashington Scattl -- Eckart's News Agency. li-rst avenule and Washington; . O. \\hitn y. Span.de--amleisnn News. Co. TIm'' - "n -Trrego News Co., Ninth and 'aecific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Mis:'nulian is anxious to give the best carrier service; therefore, sub s-riters are reqtnested to report faulty d livery it once. In ordering paper cta llnle to1 n\ew address, please give olhl aili ss also. Money orders and cherhks should he made payable to TIh' Miissoulian P'ulishing Company. .-- - - --- : . -. : _ -== --: =_. SI'N'DAY, FEI"tI'AIlY 23, 1913. I will walk abroad; old griefs shall be forgotten today; for the air i- cool and still, and the hills are high and stretch away to heaven; and with the dew I can wash the fever from my forehead; and then I shall be unhappy no longer. -Thomas De Quincey. PASSING EVENTS ThI week brought much, outside the reIl-,ih of politics, which was interest inti and encouraging. Locally, there are two events of the seven days xhiiich stand out clearly and which af fIrd subjects for brief mention this Sunday morning. The state university l,,hehratl ,l,. Frida:y, its eignteenth birthiiay under c.nilitions which were auspiciollus and happy. There was in forrmi:l discussion, during the week, of some plans which have imlportant Icaring upon thil development of the gr iater university for which we all hipe andl for which some of us have .\,rked faithfully for a long time. T'rhere is a strong movement back of these plans atnd there are indications \hiich lenld t tilhe hope for their suc cessfulll issue. There was good spirit lIttending the Itbservance iof Charter :Da1y; there, were many friends pres it; there we\ire encouraging vlords llspoken. The second of tihe week's en co"urng ing incidents to which we lhave rfeirre.d ai::o c llne to pass on Friday. F"rmniIr Senato.I r (lark mliade MiIssoula ,at, of his periodicalll visits of inspect iiin. lie took, occasion, while here, to reit, rate his statement, made ellarlier in the week to a IMissoullian relresen t1iiv, in IuittI, that lie had had no ii111,tl ht of disposing of hts extenlsive' int''r,'sts there and that his faith in lit.r ll ll is stronger tlian ever, firmler a:l I llore oiptimllistic. This was a mes :,g, c which may well recelive thought ful a lppreriation from the people of W\\, t MI lontana. EVEN JUSTICE-The, opening of the weok brought new's wh!ch was grIt:if' ilng to all lovers of justice, the enlntlry o(dr. Twenty-eight of the offi.ers of the National Cash Regis ter 1compan1Iy were se.ntenced to im pri. nnSint in jail for violating the anti- trust law. Their offense was fl':lr:lnt, Iheir disregard of the law w\\:s Idtfiant. The sentence of a year's ilspirisonmI,.nt in jail is none too light for lthem. The imposition of fines in suIch csas is all inadequate. These imonopolists laugh at fines. The ac tiin of the federal judge who imposed this sentence, is a new landmark in thi cI.urse of justice in this country. in a:issing sentence, Judge Hollister scoýr,"d the convicted men in unmeas urell terms. He. called attention to the unusual boldness of their viola iion of the law. He held them up as criminals. Closing his talk to the pirisoners before him, the judge said: 'Tile government is strong enough to protect its people whether this pro tec'tion extends to the transportation If dynamite across the land for the purpose of blowing up bridges or the :layilng of the hands upon men who seek to stifle competition by illegal ibusiness methods." Here Is a judge wh, possesses the cure for popular distrust of the courts. Too often have the courts. themselves, furnished ground for the charge that there is one penalty for the rich man and an THE HIKE TO WASHINGTON Through mud and storm the band of suffragists, com manded by General Rosalie Jones, is making its way toward Washington. There have been a good many marches to Waashington since the city was founded which bears the name of the father of his country, but never such another as this. These women expect to capture the capital, but not by force of arms; they expect capitulation before their resistless force of argument. And they expect the some what spectacular cross-country march which they are mak ing will attract attention sufficient to make easy their way when they reach the nation's lawmakers. The march is a part of the advertising campaign which the American suffragists have planned. Perhaps it is do ing their cause some good; they believe it is and they are closer to the scene of action than we are. They are study ing the situation more carefully than is possible at long range. If they say it is accomplishing good, we are willing to let them march through the mud. But we are glad that there are none of our women-folk in the little band of trampers, so persistent in their purpose but-we cannot help feeling so-mistaken in their method. However, we prefer the American style of publicity to the British fashion. This march is not so strenuous as to in jure the health of the campaigners; they wear out their shoes, they may even blister their heels; but they acquire good appetites and, as far as we have been able to learn, they are subjected to no hostile demonstration. It is the publicity of it all that causes the Average Citizen to hes itate when he is asked if he approves of this style of cam paigning by women. We don't like to think of our wives, our daughters or our sisters as engaged in this sort of par ade. Not that there is anything really wrong about- 0. no, not that-but just because they are women. It's the old reason. But, as we said, this is better than the British method. Not even passively could we countenance the smashing of windows, the dynamiting of houses, the destruction of mail and even rowdy rioting on ,the part of our women. In a current magazine, we read the other night an extended defense of the course of the British women and an expla nation of their purpose in this riotous campaign of theirs. We read it, but the explanation did not explain and the de fense did not defend. We were not convinced and we are so old-fashioned that we do not believe we could ever be convinced that there is any extenuation for the course of the London suffragists. So we are content to let the American campaigners march on. We are glad their notion of advertising does not take more radical form than this. General Jones de livered a message to Governor Sulzer and now she is going to hand one to President Wilson. She is a great little de liverer and, if her pictures are correct likenesses, the new president will have a lot worse-looking visitors than this little New York woman with a message from home. And Dr. Wilson would better receive the message when it is handed to him by this little lady. If he declines, he may start something and the next message which comes to him may be attached to a brickbat. There will be opposition to the Jones army. The con quest of Washington will not come without a struggle. But we do not anticipate that the strongest opposition will come from the White House. The dispatches last week told of the establishment of opposition headquarters in the capital by women who are opposed to the extension of suffrage. The Remonstrance has reached Washington from Bos ton, ahead of the conquering army. The Remonstrance is the persistent foe of equal-suf frage. It is a publication issued in Boston; it is edited by women and circulated by women. They are the bitterest foes of the suffragists. And they have camped in Wash ington. Evidently they didn't march; they must have gone by train. Their system of advertising does not agree with that of General Jones. But they have moved their type writers to Washington; they are pounding the keys right merrily and when the keys strike, they make sparks. So there will be a battle at the end of the hike to Wash ington. It will be literally a war of women. Plucky Gen eral Jones should be in fine form by the time she has marched through the hills of Maryland. That winter mud on those red-clay hills is great practice. And she will need to be in her best fettle. For she is not going up against mere man; she will encounter foes of her own sex. And that's what makes it bad. So, while we are glad that the American form of publicity is no worse than it is, we are gladder that there are none of our folk in the hike to Washinton. other for the poor man. tere is at judge who metes out the same brand of justice to the. mualefactor who is rich as Is measured to the criminal who is poor. The hope of the country now Is that his sentence will be suts tained by the higher court to which It has been appealed. ANCIENT CHURCH-The coming week Is Inteworthy by reason of the celebttration of the four-hundredthi an niversary of the oldest diocese in Amerlca, the Roman Catholic diocese of Porto IRico. Princes of the chtiurch, archbishops, potentates and dignita raries have gathered for the coremon ies which begin today and which will continue through the week. The dio cese was established by the, pope in 1511; its first bishop-the first of his rank to reach the new world-arrived in San Juan in 1513. 1ie died there in 1539 and his hody was buried in the cathedral. This cathedral marks the, site of the mother church in the Americas. The present building dates from the seventeenth century. Some of the church's most noted men will participate in the we.ek's ceremonies. There will be special services and tribute will be paid to the pioneers of the Cross who came first to this con tinent. Tomorrow will take place, one of the specially interesting services of the week. The remains of Ponce de Leon will be placed in a crypt which has been erected in thb cathe Iral. Ponce de Leon was the first governor of Porto Rico; he is known o ev\ry scoolbolly for his reputed quest of the fountain of youth, which led to the discovery of Florida and to the acquis tiln of the southern terri tory of what is now the United States by the Spanish crown. SIMPLE ENOUGH-The disturbanco in municipal circles ove:r the Commit tee of Ten and its report regarding -ity finance.s seems to us to be wholly unwarranted. The report was cer tainly favorable to the administration and it was encouraging to those who wish to see Missoula economically goiver'ned. It was a friendly report friendly in tone and in suggestion. The city commissioners received it formally and voted to ask the. com mittee to remain in service as a per nanent advisory board. So far, so good. But when it came to acting iupon the recommendations of the com nittee, there was a disturbance at the city hall. Mayor Rhoades is quoted as having denounced the committee and its action. Later, the mayor de to every schoolboy for his requted dlared he had been misquote.d and, In a letter published in The Missoulian, asserted his desire to co-operate with the committee in every way possible whenever important matters are un der consideration. This is but a re newal of the ante-election pledges vwhich were made by the mayor. It he lives up to these pledges, he will be fulfilling the expectations of his friends; if he does not, he will disap point a good many people who voteA for him. The only thing in the situa tion which seems to ruffle the mayor Is that he regards it as a reflection upon his ability to have an advisory board like the Committee, of Ten. Therein he is mistaken, as it looks to us. To accept the advice of oth ers when that advice is good, that Is a sign of marked ability and an in dication of fitness to govern. The. situation is simple enough. The com mittee, we think,, has come to stay. its advice would better be heeded. It will do the. city good and will strength the administration. GOOD WORK-The union revival services, conducted by Dr. Smith and his associates, continue to attract large audiences and to waken increas ing interest. The hall where these meetings are held has been filled all the week; there is a degree of sincer ity and conviction about the meetings which is appeal!ng. Dr. Smith is an unusual sort of evangelist, as we have seen evangelical workers here in the past. He is unusual because of the absence of the spectacular in his work; he, is straightforward and win ning In his way. He finds here a field ripe for the harvest, but he does not proclaim Missoula as the worst town on earth and he does not point to our record as one which would shame Sodom. That attracts our at tention right away, for we have be come accustomed to hearing that talk when revivals are going on. We know that Missoula is a long way from be ing as good as it should be, but we don't believe it is as bad as it might be. So, having attracted our atten tion, Dr. Smith wakens our interest. That is the first requisite for success in the work in which he is engaged. He is following this advantage with as earnest a presentation of the. Word as was ever made. His preaching' seems inspired-but not by a desire to make money, as has been intimated in some correspondence which has been published in The Missoullan dur ing the week. We are strong for Dr. Smith and for the work he is doing. A Harvard professor has discovered a substitute for sleep whioh he calls "the twilight state." We know now what is the matter with the Thirteenth assembly. Mr. Taft also will find a difference between a $5,000 salary at New Haven and one of $75,000 at Washington. But he has the friendly offices of Brother Charles. It has 'been an expensive experience for the city of Mexico, but she will make it up 'by showing her scars to the tourists who will flock to her now. It is learned that the revolution seriously interfered with bull fights in Mexico, which accounts for the strong desire for peace. Mexico has wisely reached the, con clusion that the Diaz system was best and that no other will successfully govern her people. Sir Hiram ,Maxim is working on a silencer which will stop all city noises. In Mexico Diaz has proved an effect ive silencer. The weeks reports of bluebirds and meadow larks should furnish strong argument for the adoption of a local option law. Even Mr. Underwood realizes that he is up against the real thing. And there is more of that same thing ahead. Anyway. we are. not getting any less benefit from the legislature of ten than we did from the full assembly. It is too early, however, to plan your garden. When planting time cmnes, it will come with a rush. The Washington parent with four dancing dau .lt trs is delighted with the Wilson ball Ipolicy. The reactionary alliance has a choice lot of Ethiopians for concealment in the senate woodpile. The Mexican situation is not bother ing Dr. Wilson halt as much as the Underwood situation,. The opinion of the' weather man de pends uon \vwhethller or not the new gown has arrived. "The more haste, the less speed" appears to be the motto of the Thir teenth assembly. The IQEster lily is beginning to size iup the market to see how strongly it can go. Mexico wants anl iron hand. Mon tana has a "mailed fist" that she can spare. Meanwhile, Enver Hey insists that he has not been assassinated-yet. Profirio Diaz is coming back to see how Madero likes his own medicine. The legislature has put off till Mon day what It could do Saturday. This is the wrong end of winter to arrest a coal man for fraud. The preparations for inauguration are another sign of spring. Dr. Vilson has a worse puzzle than Pigs in Clover to solve. The pull-together should be. in the right direction. Lemmon and Jordan got into print, all right. The open season for jokers is on at Helena. THE SPIRIT OF 1913 Bo "I 'L~ur ) t lit a/ f * 0ot314Fo6 o " "v3.ýT ER"'f~t //1 "0~ Co-operative Marketing i.-The New Division of Markets. By Frederic J. Haskin. The agricultural appropriation bill as it passed the house of representa tives this year, contains a provision appropriating $50,000 for the establish ment of a division of markets in the department of agriculture. This little item may prove to be the forerunner of a great national effort to reduce the cost of living in the United States. It is often asserted that the high cost of living springs, in large measure, from the tolls levied by the middlemen, through whose hands pass the com modities from the farm and the fac tory where they are produced, on their way to the consumer. With reference to the -products of the farm it 'is found wherever an investigation is made that if the producer gets the price the consumer pays 'he is well satisfied. Secretary Wilson estimates that the products of the farm are worth $6,000, 000,000 to the farmer. The consumer, he thinks, pays about $13,000,000,000 for them. In other words, distribution represents $7,000,000,000 and production $66,000,000,000. The man who furnishes! the land buys the fertilizer, plants, tends and harvests the crop gets $6 forj his work and for his capital invested, where the man who markets it gets $7. There are those who feel that the price the farmer gets is enough. Wlfat they would like to see is a consumer's price that would add only a reason able percentage to the farmer's price. There are others who think that if the niddleman could be eliminated and the intermediary of exchange, whereby the consumer gives him money and the farmer his ,products, could be two co operative organizations, one to buy and one to sell-one representing the con sumer and the other the producer the cost of living might be materially reduced. A picture of what reductions might be made is to be gathered from a statement with reference to market conditions in New York. Farmers sold $17,000,000 worth of eggs in that city last year. When they reached the con sumer he paid $28,000,000 for them. The farmers received $1,825,000 for the cabbage they sold in Gotham; the con sumers bought it for $9,125,000. The price of milk was magnified until the $23,000,000 the farmers got for it amounted to $49,000,000 when the con sumers paid for it. Potatoes 'which netted the farmers $8,000,000 cost the consumer $60,000.00,, and onions jump ed from less than $1,000,000 to more than $8,000,000 while going from pro ducer to consumer. The estimate of the actual saving to the producers and consumers of the United States by the institution of a proper system of marketing and the elimination of unnecessary charges by middlemen, is estimated at $2,000,000, 000 a year. Assuming that this would be divided equally between the pro ducer and consumer, the farmers of the country would average $200 a year each in added profits, while the con sumer would get, not as much per capita and savings, but as much in the aggregate. It is the purpose of con gress, 'in providing for a division of markets in the department of agricul ture, to make this saving, or at least as much of it as possible, an accom plished fact. The work of the division will be In a measure along new lines. While in part there will be incorporated into its activities some pf the duties that have been performed by other divi sions of the department of agriculture, its investigations into systems of marketing will be nation-wide, and even the systems of foreign countries will be studied carefully with a view to bringing their lessons to America and applying them here. The infor mation and data collected will be dis trtbuted to farmers, Farmers' organiza tions and societies of consumers, through bulletins, telegrams and per sonal information. Investigations as to the demands oar farm products in various trade centers will be made, and specific data will be given as to the supply, normal demand, and prices of the several kinds of farm produce in these 'trade centers. It Is provided in the amendment to the agricultural appropriation bill es tablishing the division of 'markets, that the bureau of statistics is 'to collect for the division of markets all kinds of data that 'will enable farmers, far mers' organizations and societies of consumers to adopt plans of marketing that will facilitate the handling of farm products at a minimum cost. If the information is desired by tele graph or telephone 'it 'may be had by depositing the cost of the messages with the chief of 'the division of mar kets. While it is expected that the divi sion of markets will, in the course of years, find many opportunities of bringing the producer and the con sumer into closer touch with one an other, a't the same time the depart ntent of agriculture realizes. that there are many limitations to the services that may be performed. Secretary Wilson remarked that if the depart ment were to undertake any feature of the marketing of farm produce, to find consumer or market, to investi gate market conditions and prices every day, and to report the results to all farmers desiring the service, the cost would be prohibitive. To keep in telegraphic touch with all the trade centers and there to maintain repre sentatives, would cost an enormous amount. Attention is called to the fact that one farmers' co-operative asso clation on the eastern shore of Vir 'ginta, covering only two counties. of ordinary size, spends $25,000 a year for telegraphing alone, and that the Cali fornia citrus fruit growers spend $75, 000 a year on telegrams in connection with the marketing of their oranges and lemons. The danger that would always con front the 'division of markets under such conditions would be tiat the mo ment a lot of farmers got word that eggs were selling at a very high ;ate in a given city, they would rush their eggs there, and a glut of the marlket would follow that would make the last condition worse than the first. The farmer Iwho had acted on thls informa tion, only to find that before his eggs got there the bottom had dropped out, would probably for ever after "cuss out" the division of markets. Buit there are healthful activities that may be followed without the dan ger of such unfavorable reactions. One of these is the encouraging of farmers 'to band themselves together into mutual marketing organisztions which can ship in carload lots, getting appropriate market news, and, taking advantage of any opening that may arise. Another is the gathering of information as to crop yields and mar ket indications that would enable the farmer to know whether it' wo.td be wise to sell early or to wait for bet ter prices. Still another activity of the division would be to teach farmers the art of grading and packing their 'products so that .they may make the most of them. The division probably will under take to study 'transportation facilities and to make them conform to the needs of the farmer; to study storage conditions and rates, and the gains or losses that are usual from marketing a crop as soon as gathered or from holding it for later sale. Another, and a most illuminating line of Investiga tion, will be that of tracing the cost of the distribution of all farm prod ucts from the producer to the con sumer, and an ascertainment of how much every step adds to the ultimate cost. When the division gets down to work commission merchants will probably have to toe the mark. It is well known that many a farmer is cheated out of practically everything a consignment is worth by a dishonest commission merchant. Ists of relia ble ones probably will be published, and the farmers warned to steer clear of the ones whose names are not on these lists. A list of market assocla-I tions and consumers' associatlons also will be maintained and studies of for eign markets will be made. Practically all of these activities have in mind the reduction of market ing costs at the fartperp' end of. the chain of distribution. 'They will, If they succeed, serve only to add to the farmers' profit. At the other end of the chain stands the consumer anxious to save on his grocery bill. It is re marked that if he wants to save' he must get into closer touch with the farmer. Here are a hundred house holders. They might go together and form a buying organization that will get into touch with a co-operative farmers' selling organization, and be tween them th'ey can eliminate the middleman entirely. The division of markets will try to help out the con sumer as well as the producer. It will tell him where there is an association of farmers ready to sell to him direct, will give him directions for organiz ing a consumers' league, and in many other ways 'will try to bridge the gap between the producer and the con sumer, and to save to them the living that a half dozen men between them must extract from the things the pro ducer has to sell and the consumer must buy. When one brother lives in the city and another lives on a farm, and the one in the city pays 60 cents a peck for indifferent apples, while his brother on the farm has trouble to dis pose of splendid ones at a dollar a barrel, they both know that somebody is making as the apples pass along from the producer to the consumer. The division of markets will aim to bring closer to the consumer and the consumer closer 'tp the farmer., (Tomorrow - Co-operative' Market ing. II-Existing Market 89'tems.) Rockefeller Foundation JEROME D.' QEENE. Washington, Feb. 22.-(Special.)--In John D. Rockefeller's heroic fight to give away $100,000,000 of his hard earned money, there has figured prom inently as the Standard Oil man's chief lieutenant Jerome D. Greene, Sf New York' city. Green has .been 'here in Washngton as a lobblest for the bill to incorporate the Rockefeller Fdun dation with a hundred million, dollar endowment. He is a trustee in many of Mr. Rockefeller's philanthropic en terprises. "Mr. Rockefeller," explained Mr. Greene, in speaking for the passage of the bill, "desires a federal 'thcor poration for this foundation partly as a matter of sentiment, for he made his money by doing business on a liational scale, and he wants his biggeit gift to the people to take on a riatiopal character. He also believes that con trol by the people of the whole eoun try is safer and better than conttol in the Interests of any one section. "The object of the foundation is to promote the well-being and to ad canve the civilization of 'the world in the acquisition and dessemination ,of knowledge; in the prevention and re lief of suftering; and in the promotion. by eleemosynary and philanthropic means, of all the elements of human progress,"