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THE DAILY MISSOULIAN
Published Every Day in the Year. MISSOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. Missoula, Montana. Entered at the postoffice at Missoula, Montana, as second-class mail matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance) Daily, one month .....................$0.75 Daily, three months ..........................2.25 Daily, six months ........................ 4.00 Daily, one year ........................... 8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell ....................110 Independent.. .510 MISSOULA OFFICE. 129 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 221 Main Street, Hamilton, Mont. The Missoulian may be found on sale at the following newstands out side of Montana: Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison streets. Minneapolis-World News Co., 219 North Fourth street. Salt Lake City-MacGillis & Lud Wig. San Francisco-United News Agents. Portland-Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington. Seattle - Eckart's News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. O. Whitney. Spokane-Jamieson News Co. Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. The Missoulian is anxious to give the best carrier service; therefore, sub scribers are, requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper changed to new address, please give old address also. Money orders and checks should be made payable, to The Missoulian Publishing Company. SATURDAY, MARCH 1, 1913. When the fight begins within him self, A man's worth something. -Browning. WITH THE ADVE'RTISERS. These are the days when the adver tsing columns of the newspap:r are particularly interesting. The Mis soullan's space, which is edited by the merchants of the city, is spcelally \\'rth reading, right now. A sure precursor of spring is the announce ment that there are new stocks of goods in' the stores. Always this an nouncement is interesting and cheer ful. Always the announcements seem to us to be a bit brighter and more alluring than were those of the year before. Look over the advertising pages of The Missoulian this morning and see if there I' not somethinlg there which strikes you as a little better than any spring:itne advertising you ever read before. There are no stores anywhere which are better prepiared than are Missoula's to meet the needs of their patrons. It is a fact which is admitted among commercial men of the country that Missoula's mer chants rank with the most intelligent advertisers of the business world. Read this morning's announcements and see if this Is not a worthy opinion. A TEXAS ANNIVERSARY. W.:Thile we are in the midst of all this Mexican muddle, it is interesting t, note that tomorrow is the anniversary of the declaration of Texan independ ence. The state, in its schools and other public places, has been cele brating the event with enthusiasm. Thrilling memories are those which are associated with the establishment of Texan entity. The story of the Alamo and its little band of heroes will endure forever as one of the in spi"lng tales of history. The suceed Jlg incidents, the ranger warfare and the ultimate war between Mexico and ourselves-all those are rich in stirring history. That we should, just at this anniversary date, be upon the eve of another conflict with Mexico is a noteworthy coincidence. IN BUSINESS. New York has its first votes-for women store. Officially the store is known by its incorporated title, "The Suffrage Pure Food Stores company." The corporation was formed by wealthy suffragists and all of the service about the store is performed by womenr-women of the suffrage persuasion. At the outset the store, which has been open for two weeks, has done a fine business. The pur pose of the plan, as stated by its pro moters, is two-fold. First, it is de sired thpt the housekeepers of New York be enabled to buy pure and fresh vegetables, eggs and other food sup plies. Second, It is hoped that the store's business will provide effective propaganda for the suffrage ca use. The latter purpose will be attained by the liberal distriburtion of suffrage literature, by marking every article sold "votes for women" and by de voting the profits of the concern to the campaign work. The store is de IN SURE ACCORD Sounds now the tramp of marching feet. Steadily comes the tread., Tramp, tramp, tramp, the boys are march ing. Not in mad charge, not in brilliant sortie, not in wild dash--not any of these-but steadily, surely, "aut vincere aut mori," the line tramps on. We hear the steady tread. We know what it means. We have heard it often enough. It is not the tread of soldiers we hear, marching to the front to meet the country's foe. The troops are moving by train and they make no noise with their feet. It is not the martial tread of the army of General Rosalie Jones. This army has been marching through mud so deep that its footsteps have been muffled. Nor is it the advance of the pie-counter boys who are moving upon Washington with longing eyes and hungry maws. They are gum-shoeing and they make no noise. But the tramp, tramp, tramp comes steadily to us. Reg ular is it as the swing of a pendulum. Tramp, tramp, tramp-so comes the sound. So steady is the movement and so precise that this can be no awkward squad, drilling for emergency possible or prospective. Tramp, tramp, tramp-steady and sure is it, steady and sure as only the tread of veterans can be. No, it is no awkward squad. Nor is it the movement of an army, either of soldiers or of suffragists or of rapaci ous place-hunters. None of these. It is the tread of the Old Guard drillers at Helena, as they mark time with the precision of veterans and with the endurance which comes of long training and careful preparation. Time was when the voice of the drillmaster was heard as the squad marked time. It was then right-left, right -left, right-left. It was hayfoot-strawfoot, havfoot strawfoot, hayfoot-strawfoot, as the raw recruits were drilled into true accord of motion by the best nistructor in do-nothing legislation that, the country ever saw. But the recruits are veterans now. They need no word of command. Eyes on the leader and feet moving in per fect precision they mark time. Just a wink or a move ment of a finger-that is all the command the squad needs now. They have learned the movement and it is almost automatic with them now. It is a fine exhibition. Mark the perfect time. Observe the sure accord. There is never a break in the rhythm of the march. There is never a bobble in the line. Tramp, tramp, tramp, they march and march and march. As long as the time is perfect and the line is true, there is approval from the drillmaster. But let one of the marchers advance so much as a hair's breadth and it is to the guardhouse with him. There must be fine form in marching, but absolutely no progress ahead. That is the first article in the manual. And so they march. Tramp, tramp, tramp, they move. Always up and down-never a step ahead. It's a well drilled little army. It makes a bully show. It's fine on parade. But it doesn't get anywhere. scribed as a model of neatness. Even the delivery clerks are women, who ate ardent suffragists and whose w igons are decorated with suffrage .lgns. It is a novel scheme. Cer ainnly it is a better plan than the Brit ish method of campaigning. We are not so much concerned about the color of Mrs. Wilson's spring gown as much as we are about the shade of Mrs. Missoullan's. With a running start from Fort Missoula to Texas City, the MEigh teenth should develop a lot of speed before reaching the scratch. The garden-seed question is the burning issue, despite the importance of the cabinet appointments and the Mexican war. The geographies used to class Mex ico as an agricultural country. The pllowshares seen to have been beaten into swords. New York claims to have got rid of its holdup men. However, we have not noted ainy exodus of waiters and bellboys. The cabinet announcements are causing some disappointment, but there were not enough places to go around. The temporary chairman has the gavel in Mexico and everything de pends upon his appoirntment of conm tmittees. Mexico is trying to be good, but that doesn't alter the fact that Madero is dead and it cannot bring him back to life. It is said that all Mexican factions will unite should the United States intervene. Well, what if they do? If you have the grip, you are al ready in fashion, whether you have a new gown or not. Also, it is well to begin to think about cleaning your alley. It is not too early for that. Texas would like to celebrate her Independence day by sailing into Mexico again. Wise Saturday shoppers read Mis soulian advertisements before they start out. The Missoulian class ad is an effi cient helper. March is a good title to use it. Don't boast that you haven't slipped this winter. The cle isn't all gone yet. Soon shall we know whether the groundhog Is reliable or not. Texas has not forgotten the Alamo. We hope she never will. Mexico didn't start early enough at being good. The lion or the lamb? Co-operative Marketing VII-Co-operative Stores. By Frederic J. Haskin. While the cooperative store, in which a certain nttlllller of consumers 'band thlllselves together and conduct a retail businless of their own, selling to heimselves at actulat a\holesale cost, plus the operating expenses, has not proved as successful ill Amloerica as int Europe, there are manly of the stores throuighout the countll r. and in sotie of the states they are both numllerous ttand highly successful. In some sec tionis there are so many that the wholesaler canlnot afford to ignore themlll, anltd where they .it the conces sluns that the ordinary retail merchant enjoys they seem to sel,reed, and, what's miore to the pohlt, ill a way that makes their member. feel that they lire saving enough ullilny by the opteration to miake the a;lute well worth the candle. A. very largo proportionll these stores have beeni organized under the auspilces of the Right li.lationshlp league of the trlllted States, league of apostles of 'ooperation wh,i are preaching the gospel of the European form of co-operation. This league Is a inenmber of the International Co-op erative alliance, under whose banners mlarch the co-operative organltliztions of the world. The league furllishes speakers on co-operation, coiiisellors to advise mIlerchallts and peopLi how to lroceetd, and explerienced so'icitors and organizers to assist in the .rgan ization of co-operative stores, c're:inl cries anid elevators. It has n anudit illg department which regularly audlits the accounts of those companIIILles elmI ployling it. The league has no cal,ital stock, but has some 12,000 life mon. bers. The co-operative stores it has organized in Minnesota, Wisconsin, the imkotas and Washingtoan are operatod by assichations composed of 14,i000 farmlters, anid they are ready to ship their produce direct to silmilar sto.res in the cities. The reports of various co-operative coIlmpanies show solmething of the costt of conducting retail buslinesses if they are run onl sound prinlcplles. In a re port showitng tile relation between to tal sales and salaries made by 28 co olperative stores for the month of Oc tober, 1912, the highest selling cost, so far as salaries was concerned, was $6.70 on each hundred dollars' worth of goods sold. The lowest was $3. and the average about $5 per hundred. If we were to take that as the basis of salary expense in the retailing of the $13,000.,000,000 worth of farm products which the consumer annually buys, It will ,be seen that tile conlsulner must annually pay $650,000,000 in salaries to the grocery clerks of the country. And it is probable that the salary ex pense of the co-operative store is ap proximately the same as that of the non-co-operative store. It is the plan of the people of AMin nesota to get a system of controlling the prices of commodltees by organiz Ing a sort of co-operation between the I country co-operative store and the one . in the city, as well to form a whole sale link that will give the co-operator all the advantages of low manufactur ing prices. A hundred thousand dol lar corporation to operate a co-oper ative store in Minneapolis has been formed, a $50,000 one in St. Paul has been organized, and one with a cap ital of $25,000 has been organized in Madison, Wisconsin. A wholesale grocery store and a wholesale dry goods and shoe store to be run co operatively for the benefit of retail co-operative stores are being planned. The development of the co-operative store has led the state of Wisconsin to pass a law providing for a proper recognition of the co-operative plan the first law of its kind in America. The law provides for the incorporation of co-operative concerns, limits the amount of stock any one person may hold in such an association, gives each shareholder a single vote, regardless of the number of shares he may hold, and distributes the profits on the ,basis of the purchases made or the products sold. The Wisconsin legis lature also created a State Board of Public Affairs and one of the subjects the board is directed to study is the problem of co-operation. The New York State Food Investi gating commission gives an interesting insight into the cost of food, and shows where great savings may be effected. It places the annual food bill o$ New York City at $644,000,000, and says that 45 per cent of this fep resents the cost of distribution. It believes that at least 20 per cent might be saved if proper distribution methods were in vogue. Of the retail value of the food sold it is estimated that at least 30 per cent represents the ex penses and profits of the retailer alone. It is interesting to contrast with this the expense of selling goods in American co-operative stores. Going over a long list of co-operative store reports as to the actual costs of re tailing, one may select at random the following examples: Alma Center Co operative Marketing company, 13.5 per cent; Badger Co-operative company, 11.2 per cent; Clara City Co-operative company, 7.9 per cent; Fosston Co operative company, 16.4 per cent. A margin of about 10 per cent seems to be about the average that must be added for selling expenses, and it very seldom goes above 15 per cent. )f course it is not fair to the retailer in a big city to assume that his selling expenses are no higher than those of the average co-operative store in a small country town. But, even 'grant ing that they are double, this still would indicate a net profit of 10 per cent on the goods s )(l. There are plany more failures among co-operative stores in the United States than there are among those in Europe. Perhaps the greatest reason for this is that the co-operative store usually runs on a cash basis and the buying public wants credit. Here is an account of a failure of a co-oper ative store because its members re fused to pay cash and went to a reg ular grocer where they got the or dinary credit. There is an account of another failure because the store finally began to carry slips as an evi dence of debt, and then was forced to go upon a full credit basis, under which it was not able to survive. Another difficulty that is experl, enced in making tile co-operative store a success lies in the fact that the manager frequently is one of the co operators, and has other irons in the fire which demand the major portion of his attention. Of course such man agement is seriously handicapped when it comes into competition with a grocer who devotes all his attention to his business and who assumes all 'the risks it involves. And then the hired manager Is not always as satis factory and as successful as the man whose well-being is at stake upon the success or failure of its business. An American co-operative store usu ally is organized as a share company, each person interested taking one or more shares. With a hundred men taking a share at $100 each, there is a working capital of $10,000. The mer chandise they handle is price-marked by the usual methods, the prices being marked high enough to make certain that they will bring the store out on the safe side of the profit and loss column at the end of the year. There first is allowed, in the division of such surplus as thereunder may accrue, a dividend of, say, u per cent on capital, and the remaining profits are then distributed among those who buy in proportion to the purchases they have mnade. Manly co-operative stores are glad to have non-men iers deal with them, and .they are given a share of the re bates when the surplus is divided. Usually the share of the surplus dis tributed to non-members is half that distributed to memubers. For instance, if a dividend of 8 per cent is declared on memnlbers' patronage, the dividend to non-nmembers will be 4 per cent. , It is an interesting fact that the bulk of the Ibusiness of a majority of the co-operative stores of the country has to do with foodstuffs, and the people generally come to look upon their grocery bill as the principal cul prit in the high cost of living. The statistics of the average family budget reveal the fact that the food quest:on is the paramount one with the average city-dwelling family. The avera;e in come per family i, tfhe Unit.d Stats is $751, and of this $327 is spjent for food alone. Upon this basis tile aver age family spends more than 4 t1 per cent of its total income for food alone. The friends of the co-operative store in the United States believe that the next quarter of a century will see the Inited States moving up to the fore front of the co-operative movement instead of lagging behind as a strag gler. They say that when the co-oper :ative movement began in England, where it has now reached its highest exmplification, it encountered the same difficulties and obstacles that are being encountered here. but that all these difficulties disappear as the barriers of prejudice are burned away and the errors of a century of practice overcome. O(n the other hand, those who do not believe in co-operation as sert that the whole lesson of Amer ican progress is thoroughness-every man for his own business. They con tend that the consumer can make more money by tending strictly to his own particular line of work than he can out of the same energy directed I at solving the 'problems of food and a clothing distribution. They assert! 0 nizouM " ert~ntifr PASSING EVENTS Two great events-golden opportunities or lost opportuni ties, depending upon how YOU act towards them-will pass into store history with the closing of our doors to night. They are the FEBRUARY FURNITURE SALE -AND THE ANNUAL WHITE GOODS SALE .Either of these events is rich in real, worth-while money savings. Each of them has had a record-breaking run and has been beneficial to thousands who have taken ad vantage of the extraordinary values. Today is the last chance for these bargains. THE FURNITURE SALE provides hundreds of splendid savings in furniture of all sorts but of only one kind-good. If you need only a kitchen chair, a suite for dining room, bedroom or library or furniture for an entire house, and the lugs and carpets, curtains and draperies to go with it, then by all means come here today. If you are not ready to have the goods delivered a small cash payment will be sufficient to hold them for delivery when you are ready. After today you will pay full price for goods that today you can buy at Reductions of 10 to 50 Per Cent An Average Saving of One-Third You'll never again be able to buy furniture of equal worth for so little. Materials are becoming scarcer and dearer, and manufacturing costs are on the increase. Goods offered today at reduced prices were purchased at last year's prices, and will cost us more in the future. COME TODAY. THE WHITE GOODS SALE affords exceptional and incomparable bargains in muslin underwear, domestic sheetings, bed sheets and pillow cases, white ma terials, laces and embroideries. Bargains such as you'll not see again until the next White Sale held in this store. Besides the many special values in regular stock goods there are numerous lots that have been marked to close out, some for as little as HALF PRICE, as in the case of La Grecque underwear. If you have not taken full advantage of this Sale you have a few hours left in which to do so. DON'T DELAY. that the highest form of co-operation is for every man to bectomie an expert in his own line, anid each bring to the other the rluits of his expertnlless. ,For instance. thll groce'r imust come to the bricklaytr and the carpenter to hullhd his store. 'They charge him for their services pirices based oil their expert ness and the high cost of living. W\hen he sells them their groceries uplion the sall ba:sis honors are easy. Which ever of thiese viewivpoints is taken, co olperatlIins in its accepted form is spreadlng in the Unlited States, despite numeroulls foilure es anld settalcks. Tomorrow: ('o-operative Market ing. VII. (Co-operative Manufacturing. SONORA IS VEXING PRESIDENT HUERTA (Continued From Page One) the south with whom the agents of tlhe governmentt are condlucting nego tiations with every prospect of suc (,es... Good news for the government from the north was birotught in today by agents claiming to represent Carroan' the rebellions governor of the state of ('oahulla. These agents say Carranza 'is disposed to recognize Huerta as president, but notwithstanding their assurances, the orders of General Trucy Aulbert have not been altered, and he will push the government cam paign in the direction of Saltillo. An unusual feature of the situation which is causing some concern is the attitude of Colonel Francisco Naranja, who is at the head of 1,000 men on the railway between Monterey and Laredo, and who has not yet indicated hls attitude to the government. Leaders of General Orozco's army are placing themselves at the disposi tion of the federal authorities at va rious points throughout the country, the most important submission to date being that of General Cheche .ampos, who has led 1,200 of his men to a su burb of Torreon, and Is now mustering ithem out. An emissary from Emlllano and 'Eu femio Zapata, southern rebel leaders, arrived in the Mexican capital today and reported to 'the provisional gov-I eminent that the Zapata brothers Were ready to enter into iiegotiations ,or laying down their arims. (Inveve~ de la d'O, Aniador San chez and Juan Otrejon, with their rebel )nlmLantl s, are operating sonme distance away from the Zalpatistas in the state of Morelos. They show no signs If surrendering. General 'l'rucy Aul.ert, comnmanding governlent troops at Torreon, re lported today that he believed Raoul Madero, brother of Francisco Madero, Jr., was a fugutive in the United States. The official relport of Raoul Madero's execution received here a few days ago was credited at the time in the national palace. Prisoners Released. Washington, Feb. 28.-The admlnls tration in two actions today evinced its belief in 'the stabill'ty of the Ihurta government of Mexico, for 'the present at least. First, orders were sent to the military commanders from California and Texas to release all of the Mexican refugees captured on the American side of the line. This was ldone beeoause these prisoners, who are few in number, no longer can be re garded as rebels, in view of ,the suc cessful revolution In Mexico. Seconld, a safe condulct was granted to Colonel de la Fuente and the Inem hers of his party, now somewhere In the vicinity of Juarez, to proceed to San Antonio, where an imlortant con N o m an s T the greatest athlete have d isand hie L strength will soon fail. One's sa ina-fdrrce fullness and strength of mind or muscle Stronger depend upon the blood, and the blood in turn, requires a healthy stomach, for the stomach is the T han his laboratory where the food is digested and such ele T han his ments are taken up-or assimilated-which mnal Stomach bood. In consequence all the organs of the body, such as heart, lungs, liver and kidneys, as well as the nervous system, feel the bad effect if the stom ach is deranged. The Medical Adviser b Dr. Pierce's Golden -. V. Pierce, M. D., Buf falo, N. Y. answers hosts edcal of delicate questions about which every man helps the stomach to digest food properly, starts the or woman, single or mar- liver into new activity, removing the poisons from the ried ought to know. Sent blood, and the various organs get rich, red blood, in free on receipt of1 one- stead of being illy nourished. The refreshing influene ree on receipt of on- of this extract of native medicinal plants has been cent stamps to pay for iavorably.known for over 40 years. Everyhe wrapping and mailing, some neighblor can tell you of the good has don orN maa -. .,me.co,, R. S.,ior. . . » ,...: . ,.....r,... . . .. s 3. 1 4 ference is to bo hold between the dMexican foactions in the interest of general peace. The confirmation of thi first re ports of the killing of Emilio Madero, the third of the family to pay the ex treme penalty, is regarded as another move in the direction of peace, remov ing, as it does, a resourceful and im placable rebel leader. HEINZE ORE COMPANY IS IN RECEIVERSHIP New York, IFeb. 28.-The federal re ceivership of the United Copper com pany was extended today to include the Montana Ore Purchasing company, a subsidiary. The latter is a Mon tana corporation, with a capital stock in excess of $2,020,000. Its holdings are valued at $3,500,000, and its liabili ties estimated at $2,057,000 The receivers are John S. Sheppard, Jr., and Addison E. Cudworth of Lon ldonberry, Vt. The insolvency pro ce(edings against the United Copper comnpaany wero brought by Maurice Iniches as receiver for the Aetna In demnity company.