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Thye ofremontes attending the tin-were on board the sloop sang anA72 lit. il orgnal ode of praise to Washington, Ptece tag tahe civil war. In former "God Save the King." Just as the -timrn he simplicity of the display was singers finished their ode a school of P ii if°ping.with our democratic insti- po epolses appeared in the midst of (ir 'o n o/U tutltil, but now every succeeding i. the little fleet which was following the Pr' 2 ýcP ýt au.'grattoon tries in some way to ex- barge and began bobbing up and down " l Flodd ceed the preceding one until the in- as though inquiring the reason for so atallation of a new president to hism much commotion in the quiet waters -i bigh eoffice .and great responaibilities of the harbor. As the barge neared ih, sing tners i an .t.ipb : lly iit- ,ill: wr, fehii, n rl Mitr Tuhyor is almost lost saght of in the elaborate the shore salutes were fired. Wash* tIrsiang anle b "ing eni'ti.td "ltinpl n . ]ilhb il off1i(. alnd Mll'd lin.llore and oftimes gorgeous show of mill- ington stepped ashore and was greeted In at .lrhr Shop." i'roti hent Ja.k- illd olui the uexyirid tkin 1ti tary, political and social clubs. It is by Governor Clinton and his staff, zsin and r, shiint-il , Van lkrg was fiw, .'id hy 'rnklin ihrc on ow an affair of pomp and pageatry any of whom had been officers un- r to hn h . thr rather thana mere change in the ler- der Washington. A dinner w'ith Govu phiton ionsiruti.id of isk f'ti lh ,i and light saow h'd filleton. sonality of the chief executive. This ernor Clinton followed, after which orgal ti r f h it " ahint hd vn 7,0 d departure from the custom and 'prac. Washington retired to the presidential ''it utib.t Th, e i''.hh ha l was . i1 ii, iitis ali ihr Was milh tice of bygone days is not in accord house on Cherry street for the night. iAmhirst, ti.'sli., il(] a': crl si d 'ii ,in all ii.'1g tIhe ,'is to lhethr with. the views of imany of our ciii- At 9 o'clock on the morning of the 1 it(. i -l-hi ii o o Ii at- it yh F f, IIs o chI; ihe seCn , and the desire of President-eleet 13th the bells of all the churches in nh'. I ! h d I IIIt h,,blii" i ,i el ' u" i:imiimratlln O. bhut Ip to timeon to return to the plain cere- the cityi were rung in honor of the Ierioi iii , a high hil i rw ii , ilI 'r th' i r, seltl lli. ihii, of daiil has I n. ies of former tim es finds a respon- crowning scene of the new republic. in f t'i ii. ie u iii i I i waI e ., 'h I is iil i t t hat timh '. Ii talk. *ive Chord Ih the breasts of those who Great throngs of people poured into highly ishld and n:,l, :,h ,n 10,.>b nt .ame. thl'hanon tok tlong 'for a return to the methods In New York, and before 10 o'clock the ' lithi r sl' h li i s Ii la lit. l ,'l a'h, ii i l 't , ith If ,lffl'o ln Mar,'h 4, 1it57. keepllg witi thie spirit of the cotmmon old federal building was crowded. n " ld I . , ,'l, , il. It i l'rr i tl in ftitt', tth day l ttotru ' people of our country. While the populace was gathering the iwas dra'it 'iy Ihr,,hlet Iii ', Vi i . l . ii n fiIa the sogininIg of Those ,who have pttended the in- senate was in session discussing at i fes'l a'n i g I , . I h rl I lii n t augurations for the 'past 16 years vil very weighty question-that of how .laboraepi, ia l s, nu h at th, lhl lill,-bel & hhl ttest to the fact that the greater part they should act when W ashington ap- ter n g , on e ,i il l ing e alee wis hitiitg ii if tie of the 'parade was a tir .'so te dtspla- inegt ed- whether they should sit or ee'ted dr 'hr f . .'' ii n I ..I... . ,t h, in, r i . " inu t i h ..o . 'l' tli, 1"i. s of mllittary and of marching cl litsca; titd. Parliamentary precedent wastf f,.. r I, i iuI hall s- n.1' hs I ' hs rent wdas Clubs. Apart from the tiresomn enes sought in vain, and John Adams was oidde t o tf_ frite i..l, c 'h ratl ' i in 'l\, .l i,,n ,nhlgi ,,n Park i' '' rts, Iilari. of the spectacle each inauguratin has p ier lly left without instructions as O "t /' 2 j o " Ih, n ' h i, l , f, r aIh I t h, h,, 5555 a ,. he Ii raton taken its toll of lives ioth from spi ee- how to act when W ashington arrived. whic or iina tim.,be r i it ' ifi., 'Iin ht''2'', t. ii "tghandti tators and marchers. especiaaln frin 'ashen caine aprthiter hitch in the pro-\ers lr ts uias ;; rnehicry ni itthe ranks of the nationtlal guard and c c on theeeding for at the last moment in lin, ar um ,hi H m . Thor was aldi usun (a-e political clubs who were lunused to Chancellor Livingston discovered that iIvb in .11. 'IN ' e IhIN Pl a I l , I risl huh1.'li.i t in fftr'vartr . anie f for her im i ,t,,- th a ing s li h e ln I f r l _ .k ' I' h itirl .l r it. clueChod ihthebrests f tose h+;Gret thong ofpeope pured int o ; II'l~IasstF~n iýI. sIun, on long 'fo -a retun t th mehodsIn ew orkand befre 0 o'loc th ,ft~r ld, as ;, ,,it,"I p~i, '] s 1h, ,nt ,fn u keepng'ltl th spiit f te c mmo old fedral buidin was cro ded I og " ld r~m ldý'i" muter 1111 :ll. t III arir i I Il people ofour county. While he populae was gatering the +e~os ,Iat n lo Iri " ,I-e .larl5s51'y a':2, :2 signa sen te as in esson disussn l ,,liil,-sQn~ ; ofmiitryan o mrcin lliic; tad.Palimetryprceen ws ~teo'.1"rsdel~lwr~9 x ' nenI I I, 11,;1 I il Su, c,! hn :n Clb.',pr 'rmth iesmnso ogh nvan ndJh Aaswa drDn 4 *-1' 2z ie oih ',111i Is s Ili'5 t',r oftesetce ahiagrtonhs'ol et ihu ntu tion s fr l cdýma}''a'l 1" ýe''erýlrd I 23t"6CQdhtthod II 1 Ian 51,1, r ta e t ol flvsbohfo pc. Iw t ctw e ahngo rie , ub nh'I I+'r: ' .a nJI;ul tatos a d m rchrsespeialy fom hen cam anoherhith i th pr - ýrF 1'Il:111 i,°m Ilnri"ýt, \\. II";" the rnks o the atioal gurd an ceeingsfor a thelast oment CI' ~l1 ýý 11"ýý l" ('T Om 6ihriJSýB2±Q/' jnyf ! Hlo h gn.;u poliica clbs ho ereunued o ChncelorLivngson iscverd tht I 5 + Ill.'I'ý" nmpl;; 115,1 ~eo''d" :ol nl~iatindlp' or nnr inarm -1el~h thro rnsnn ihi Inthnfaaral The ,ceremonies attending the in auturation of the present day form a striking contrast to those in the. early days' of of the republic and even those p.ec.ding the civil war. In former times the simplicity of the display was in Wsedping with our democratic insti ttitin, but now every succeeding inr augtirtiLorl tries in some way to ex ceed the preceding one until the in stallation of a new president to his likgh ,office and great responsibilities is almost lost sight of in the elaborate and ofttimes gorgeous show of mili 'tary, political and social clubs. It is now an affair of pomp and pageantry rather than a mere change in the per sonality of the chief executive. This departure from the custom and tprac tice of bygone days is not in accord with, the views of many of our citi $e.ns, and the desire of President-elect Wilspn to 'return to the plain cere mionies of former times finds a rcspon eive Chord Inh the breasts of those whon long 'for a return to the methods in keeping willi the spirit of the common people of our country. Those who have attended the in augurations for the 'past 16 years will attest to the fact that the greater part of the parade was a tiresome display of military and' of marching lplitica; Clubs. Apart from the tiresomeness of the spectacle each inauguration has taken its toll of lives Ioth from spec tators and marchers, especially from the ranks of the national guard and political clubs who were unused to standing for hours in snow and slush as they were compelled to do four years ago. A number of men con tracted pneumonia and died as a re sult of their part in the, inauguration, and this has in a measure brought about the decision to shorten the parade. The taking of the oath of office by a man who has been chosen by the vote of the people to direct the des tinies of a country so great as out 'own is a solemn occasion, for in to other land are the duties of the chief executive so arduous. The United States is rapidly becoming the melting pot of European nations for the immi gration to our shores is rapidly In creasing and with it comes new prob lems, 'and no man realizes this more fully than President-elect Wilson. In these days of strikes and labor agita tion when anarchy seizes upon every display of wealth or lavish expenditure of money as an excuse for inflamma tory speeches to excite the passions of the weaker minds these displays de mnore 'harm than good. From the timi of the inauguration of George Wrash ington on April 30th, 1789, up to the presnt day the desire of the incoming president as to the ceremonies has been followed more or less, and frorr the. records of the inaugurations i seems clear that no two have beet alike in their tastes. 'Naturally, the first ladies of the land have been con sulted by their husbands and their wishes in the matter have been re spected. Sn the early days traveling was a difficult proposition, and the crowds were ,not large. The inauguration of the first president of the new born reeublic was spectacular in the ex etsme owing to the fact that the capi itl of the country was at that time •located in iew York, and the entrance of the president was made from the liver. Traveling was slow and Wash 1initon airived on April 29, which i'Sulted in the festivities covering a i)erlod of two days. His entrance to New York was made on a barge which was decorated with flags and flowers and manned by 13 masters of Sbis'el reelesenting the 13 states. 'Al the vesael neared Bedloes island a Iamre sloop sailed close to the barge taid moved with It toward the shore. 'wavty ladles and . gentlemen who were on board the sloop sang an original ode of ,praise to Washington, the words being set to the tune of "God Save the King." Just as the singers ,inished their ode a school of porpoises appeared in the midst of the little fleet which was following the barge and began bobbing up and down as though inquiring the reason for so much commotion in the quiet waters of the harbor. As the barge neared the shore salutes were fired. Wash ington stepped ashore and was greeted by Governor Clinton and his staff, many of whom had been officers un der Washington. A dinner with Gov ernor Clinton followed, after which Washington retired to the presidential house on Cherry street for the night. At 9 o'clock on the morning of the 13th the bells of all the churches in the city were rung in honor of the crowning scene of the new republic. Great throngs of people poured into New York, and before 10 o'clock the old federal building was crowded. While the populace was gathering the senate was in session discussing a very weighty question-that of how :hey should act when Washington ap reared-whether they should sit or stand. Parliamentary precedent was sought in vain, and John Adams was "inally left without instructions as how to act when Washington arrived. Then came another hitch in the pro ceedings, for at the last moment Chancellor Livingston discovered that there Was no Bible in the federal building, and he hastily sent to a nearby Masonic lodge and begged the loan of one. Washington was then conducted to an open gallery in front of the senate chamber with the chan cellor--he came to the front and hd oath was read to him. The open 13ible wvas lifted up, and the first president bowed his head and reverently kissed the holy book. Chancellor Living ston then cried out, "Long live George Washington, president of the United States!" The crowd took up the cry Ind the greatest enthusiasm prevailed. The president then returned to the senate chamber, where he delivered his inaugural address. When he en tered the members arose and remained standing during the reading of the address, which consisted of only 1,300 words. Later the president went to St. Paul's church, where prayers were said and the Te Deum sung, and at the close of the services retired to his official residence. At night there was an illumination and general rejoicing among the citizens On 'the occasion ,f his inauguration Washington was attired in a suit of dark brown cloth with metal buttons on which eagles were embossed. His hair was dressed Ind powdered after the fashion of the, lay. His shoes were decorated with silver buckles, and at his side was a sword. When the second inauguration of Washington took place on March 4, 1793, the capital had been moved to Philadelphia, and there in old Inde pendence hall he took the oath for a second time and delivered the short ast inaugural address on record, speaking only 132 words in all. There was little display at thisainauguration -Washington, however, was a pictur esque figure and his arrival at the hall in a coacly drawn by six white horses created the wildest enthusiasm. On this occasion the Iresident was dressed in a full suit of black velvet, the short trousers being ornamented with diamond knee buckles. He wore black silk stockings and shoes deco rated with silver buckles. In his hand he carried a plain cocked hat decorated with an American cockade, and his hair was powdered and gath. 'ered into a black silk bag, on which was a bow of black ribbon. He wore a light dress sword and a green scab bard and a richly ornamented hilt. John Adams became the Chief Ex ecutive in the old State House at Philadelphia on March 4th, 1797. This was one of the quiet inaugurations as there was no parade of any impor tance. The hall was filled with a bril liant assemnblage of officials and so ciety but the great mass of people seemed to take little interest in the affair. During the administration of Adams the capital was moved to Washington, where Thomas Jefferson took the oath of office on March 4th, 1801. Jefferson was a man of simple habits, with a strong dislike for osten tation, and accounts recorded of the ceremonies of his inauguration are meager. One eye-witness says, "His dress was of plain cloth, and he rode on horseback to the Capitol without a single guard or even a servant at his side, dismounting without assist ance and hitched the bridle of his horse to the palisades." President Adams had left the city during the previous night. Jeffersoriian simpli city prevailed in everything pertain ing to this, the simplest inauguration on record. Little is to be found in reference to his second inauguration on March 4th, 1805, for Jefferson still sought to avoid display. James Madison came to the presi dential chair on March 4th, 1809. The ,Madisons evidently liked display for history tells us that fully 10,000 peo ple failed to get into the Capitol. There was a parade of the militia and booming of cannon. President Mad ison appeared in a suit of cloth of American manufacture made from the wool of merinoes raised in this coun try. The suit was the gift of Colonel Humphries and Chancellor Livingston. He was escorted to the Capitol by a company of militiamen, whom he af terward reviewed, and thus began the precedent of a military escort for thc president on Inauguration day and a review of the parade after the oath of office was taken. The first inaug ural ball, too, was held when Madisoi, came into office. It was given at Long's hotel and is said to have been the most brilliant entertainment Washington society had ever seen The, ball opened at 7 in the evening and at S o'.clock the president arrived accompanied by his wife, the fanmous Iolly ItLadison. Mrs. Madison entered the ballrooll .aning upton the arm (,f one of the :tlluguratlon managers, while the presldlnt followed escorting her sister. The crowd Ieceame so great after the arrival of the presidential party that several ladies fainted from the overheated room. It was found that the windows could not be olpened and it became necessary to break the panes of glass to let In air. From this it will be seen that the Curiosity of all inauguration crowd was just as keen a hundred years ago as it is today. At M:ldison's second inaugu ration in 1813 the brilliant scenes of the first one were repeated, and the ball held in the evening was espeelally select for Presilent Madison's adnmin istration had teen gay socially and his beautiful ilud gracious wife had formed an exclusive social set of edu cated, refined peqople. James Monroe's inauguration in 1817 was witnessed by great crowds. The day was delightful and the parade a brilliant military display accompanied by the boominng of cannon. It is esti mated that over 8,000 ,people were present at the inaugural ceremonies. In the evening there was a grand hall at Davis 'hotel. President Monroe was re-elected, but his second inau guration, which occurred on March 5, 1821, the fourth being Sunday, Iwas far less propitious than the first, for it rained and snowed, running the lecorations. However, a large crowd was present and the Marine band en livened the occasion with music. John Quincy Adams came next as the chief exec'utive, and was inaugu rated in what is known as Statuary hall in the capitol. There was a pro cession and a hall held in the assem bly roomns. Ilistory again records that the president wore a suit of cloth of American manufacture and of Ameri can wool. Andrew Jackson, one of the pictur esque figures of American history, be came president in 1829. The friends if President Adams had agreed not to participate in the inaugural cere monies, and the only uniformed comn pany of infantry in the District of Co Ilnmtia lhad declined to offer its escort fI'(r the oi'a.ion. A atiiiyp: l of thivon lltionl ry (off.icers and , l d lers Ithou tend rd their servise to Gierail ,Jlatii in(t hef lohe illn an open ir rin e surr.lirl t all]i. bo Iohse gltlltl vIt lta s. (r vds filled the Mstrlets, 1titan' if the spectators having junrneyed :1l] is ont foot. As tihe rocession I,;ise d to the el pitol the vrowtd went wild with enllthusi:tsn anld hmouhteI "thurralh for Jackson!"'' again and :again. After tih* oath had been token, irhsl''t(' .lackson can o to tIhi pnollo tad( tdeliverel hlR IInaugurl tddlress. At its tlose tle icrowd surgid forward to gret him andi hattl it not be(on that a ship's cable had Iben(, stre tchedil across the steps Ji kson(i wtold hav:le bcen earried through thon streets by is inamirers. As it was, h.t twas lmnpelled to shalke hallots with htunidrds, and it was with the griatest diffh'tulty that he es'capetd to his ctnr rtage. The crowd followed to tih \Vhite Ithouse where barrels of ipunch wvere e.rl inualllt in l'rinIktiLg ti ttih health of the new presldent. There was no InauHguiral hlilI on this occasion His seiiind inauguraution was less notattble, though a large crowvd wa present tand a. hall was held at the Central Masonic hall. It was during Jackson's administraition that the beautiful Mrs. Eaton, wife oif General EaIton, cainie upon the scene and by her wiles created no end of political trouble, for she causied several resig nations in theI ctihinit and continually kept tilt presidential set In "hot water." Martin Van Buren ibecame president In 1837, and was thei first plresident born after the I)el)uLration of Ind.e pindence. Every othetr president had been born a British slubject. Presldent Van Buren from the time of Ills lee tion declared that the sun woulh! shine on the day of his inauguration and his prediction was fulfilled, foi the day was suprti--rnot a cloud in the sky. Great crowds hadll comlue to the city and slteeping aecommodattoni were at a premium. People were sat isfied to sleep anywhere and the news. papers of the day were filled witt humorous drawings showing the varl ous places where people were huddle( irl silhxxitlg (lU;'i'ttr, aiii xe ,txi'Ixily il tersting oili( hxiriig entitle]d "(1anllldr., in a Barl er i hop." I'rsiiietnt .Li.k sont and iix;xitlent-ile Vlii x Iin rode to the capitol in tt elegl'nt p |i la 1 0l ( 'to n uoi lts e | ( ,d ( ), . o f ' " l r o l II , original t il.hi er of lh., 'fr')I.'tie ('e'oaI - sxlllhiton.' Thei vclhh Ii' \\x:x: ixllll ' :i Ainherl( , A:lasx ., aIwl x 'i, l ,' semle' d I ol lilt' plresh l l- ,le( t byI e l of, hlis lli l I e r(.',. It h al l o n e .a n t 1ii ' li r' i 1x\i perslo l. Ilit1a nI ,1(h 1 ' II 111,' II (rvr in fron li. T hii l ln l i*ll i ,'',I \\''a high "ly ,poll:: hetl I| \:N rii:l n ,i l :l l ;ntl on r itIIer '" h .i \\ai :t pl, i l,.( i lIel rhul\\ hllg "I1)(I l on'usil it' ie ' Iti r |h il : i. It \\ ' i, d r a\ \ l i I I I' r,',: i h l l l l. l (t o I In ' . i(x ll fri l) IItI ( ,.l l il l 'h l ill : l ll'l . (I't . r T' 'ier' \\ .iq ! '. tl h', :n 1111 ) 1n : 111h ' lthe n h I, l Tl h, I't ' .' ,-Ill :x l I'xxxh,( \il lt' llexi i h I h : i ( I',ri ln v i I i.i'Xi i ll ii ,e :x 11i ( h) ' :tll ', hi( (i e e'x ,'-i lv , Il In `I Th ,e 1ra, fli 1p h:1111 I),een . lI )' IIIV o1, i, ;i ld tII il i''ll lli l:t It xl( ia.IIy iill liix)l'. 'Ix'o (11 I'tII'ilp Ier x)I I( hir xlxi 'I 'lxxllll l. I 'i'll,' x iii ixIx i' i III\'l l 'lj' l Ia - xl'll· r(ii xxx ix x li'l'i lxx ii i. ;l lx ( 'lllh i' ii l* l a . iu i\ nllUx q . I 'l l l ''I hn i iInt-i. : c t r ,' - Il 111i.iiit l l' Mixa a inti U ile lxx ix l ix lxi - ;l. piel xr iti x ' in'll ri i Il lill h xi I S III\ow -wilitII hr()ol',e. '1'1h', \\ IorI h r. I-r 4 , ls'I..l l , ll \ 4l hlI ll.' r iix r'x x tx il:' l n ilit i ,ll;i: lle I fr ' II I i'IN hxilh I lixllt:try l ll i lV i(', i uiii thii ' ily (hell Wiy.xi l' e )li'hii the I ex illilxig of lhe i 'r o 'x)ii ions of polI li. 1 li t i'hl ,Ill 1i .ill l iil l (]:.I . LThere w irtx ftla't' .is .1 ;I' log iiti illi . i \\'h "'ls dexi'.'k d with si' ltxl ,aile lu 'riptionii , i hll' i ' tl'r 'elxs, Ie' r t , 1kins, et I '. A i'l iii\ r IXlom fronl ia factory at : lnrnel, Malry!lall, with 'the ll l xlti at \Vlork w rs:I h)i' II [lif (I)ul igh th xl sltrot.lx i s 'li 1 x i llixa(iI ll i fro.il .h x .1" ni 'lll lh' iixi. it (rI' " l' tow n i'll - pea'il' I nIi l nniror'i l ri ' xryig hil'innV'rs, Three '. tngllurll hIlls were held, Ill re'ident ili 'xing ai.h of them for a tilh ei. \i'' il n ;at I ,'. i;ll i thei axisg mt Mrl x :.i: , i' f t he ,ll'c.' xiie itorx i t lhe rili lit ive(,d lNiti a ll: o , e and vicell ed lpr i'.i turnIl i i Ti'ylr thenli' becamell I' A ctold, rainy ii nge iral day fell to Ithe lo.It of 'Jamn s K' . Pokit in 1845. Althoiugh the adty tr row' i withned. people the aerilolis be i lt. nd lvn ith lna tiglsirtieon air' tllnt al lllts many anpeple werad en I tol thend i.l'lment or thncidenr. Th over the nuguraon oll were the real hor w of the i gcurre on tin-Marche ne 4t (' except thatling at tenmut havey sobeen unsa iPolk wn strinat rsyterlan co ndt ors trposee to dancing. 811"., ho)wev'er, wenst to t.h(e ball nId her plain clothing and stiff maianer formed a strlklng con trast to the others gu' sts. The tadll held at the National theater seemed to have turned into what In the pres rat day would be termed It "rough house." There wa.s i wild scramble for supper and In the nilcoee many of the ladies had their gowns ruined. When the guests began to leave It was discovered that coats, hats and canes had been stolen and Commo dore Elliott had his pocket pleked of a wallet which contained several val uable relies. , There was no partlcular excitement or Incident over the inauguration of zstchary Taylor, which occurred on March 5, 1849, except that there must have been unsual ialction in the Inaugural committee for three h,1.ls w\ ,.', held. lI,-,,ldhit Tl'y hfor Oth In offtre and Mi tlllard IPllmlloro filled ,ut. the unexpire'd (,turin. lie 3Ilirh 1,. 1: ,3. T'[h W( ithel r tWaS ColI aid a light snow had fallen. Iit hlill ia t io al h it lite ln 7(l0 0 ll Itld XIi ll) I l ,oi nld here wias Iin ltle II a. l llli amon ig tll ni is tilo whetilher it t sh col bt wise to chantrtu the I , 0 O" ll' : n i II;Ilhiil filly, bhit up to tlib. l'res,' Int this ltnlao e of tatlh has il, ,l a+ it hIl at that tim . In talk. I't o wnt Jam's Iasldtina a took It a:ile ,I' Iufl'h l n IliMarch 4, I1557. Ilil i arrl\v:l in the cityr the day hielor 1Vi tO 11 0 1lil n for th11 hl nhlt ittg of)1 f',,liities 4 n11 "1 ia h 1n hrmin fl 1'r lh Ile'ntl i at theli lil. lt ilt ltl ' iure & t )lilo hlI Tl h.i l ' i ti ) mll llt ig t ilu t (11 the ,,I'.]i. I'\ i lll Sh taIIlle u , CeIII' it etlll thy tl. i.,N l Ii. " \Ilrsi. toourgo \Vlltt lll triln, hi.' hl 11 t1i lla l, hlh e inau ll rtlll lll lton ,I" , Itll HreS iint fIt ll'r walll \\ ishi rgtin to Ih l t ] II .l . 't'hll( Ilr arl ithe usuall p.a r;it,, Imil m hblib,' reco l on nal fti'' ard. 'I'lh lkies loai thie II Illutall l I 'I r were tii :<, h d,'ni alnd tlllat no building could ,lt' f ullItil which had ,oul s Ie large t' IIllIh hi" I e ul ni' i ;date tthel t tCowd l t ;I i i tsll til.'" strn 'IIeri was eroei ted fii ahl' ilrlyse. The newspaitpiers of IIIh dla li' o; n l oe' s tl o nol telnts on Ittuiat, i,' arlt, n tiit etth g of the halle .riilstl rave :l nl sing itl ioui ntn s of I he i' lii e whr'h t was coelvered with lihit l0lcth and o loittied with gaoren iI;', ;I:Ihninistlliltlon signs of a civil W' ari healcl l evirlent and sectionllal whn A.hrilmin Lincoln nano, to Lo chloif executiveth hi 1861 there were rlave fiear for tho( incoming pr esi dent's life.l A plot to alssassintl e hir while It, was on his 'way from Spring flohl to Washington had been Iin eartlihl, and ths, 'ltogethilr with the greatt crowd which had lassembled on the streets iiused those in chargeo to Pli,' lin extra gluard al milt the presi dti" IIli( hl.s carrhiage was surrounlded iTt; all sl C by soldiers. Squads of tralong te routie readyl to lftelil anyd atriltt at . tot, ard althogh tandhe processlon was a mosr t imposing a lan there was at certain nervousness ill ygt ll the people which marred thon pleasure, of the whole affairr, Presl dwhent higol n was always eloquent, but especially tg onl thigllas o, nourd tilae ching . ords. of "i address will stand until the Tnd of times d a nas ter oaleth of oratoryi, tr h noln "The Imystic ofrd of spetatorsy stretchinhe from very attls rerfsed and ai t the o ev34 ry heart and augharhstonal all over this brod thend will yet swell the ch ies of the Union wheuatn agan u1863 as surely thcouney will be by the, better angels of our nature." Ctry hailef Jstce Tplunged it adm civil wastered the oath of fice, after whiover tch Lincoln in the presence of 30,000 spectators kissed thi l young ladles represent log the 34 states. There was an in augural ball in the evening, but the president did otr attend-the only time on relord that the chief execu tive has been absent. HIts second in auguration in 1865 was after the coun try had been plunged into a civil war and a pall of gloom was over the land. The residents of Washington dec l (Continued on Page Five) EEDITORIAL SECTION IY I SSOU LN SPECIAL FEATURES - MISSOULA, MONTANA, SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 2, 1913. ~-- -, _; ... . .. . . . . -.