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THE DAILY MISSOULIAN
Published Every Day In the Year. MISSOULIAN PUBLISHING CO. Missoula, Montana. Entered at the postoffice at Missoula, Montana, as second-class mall matter. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. (In Advance) Daily, one m onth ............................$0.75 Daily, three months ......................2.25 Daily, six months .................... 4.00 Daily, one year ....................... ........ 8.00 Postage added for foreign countries. TELEPHONE NUMBER. Bell ................110 Independent ...510 MISSOULA OFFICE. 129 and 131 West Main Street. Hamilton Office 221 Main Street, Hamilton, Mont. The Missoullan may be found on sale at the following newstands out side of Montana: Chicago-Chicago Newspaper Agen cy, N. E. corner Clark and Madison streets. Minneapolis-World News Co., 219 North Fourth street. Salt Lake City--MacGillis & Lud pig. San Francisco-United News Agents. Portland--Consolidated News Co., Seventh and Washington. Seattle- Eckart's News Agency, First avenue and Washington; W. O. Whitney. Spokane-Jamleson News Co. Tacoma-Trego News Co., Ninth and Pacific. SUBSCRIBERS' PAPERS. Thi Missoulian is anxious to give the best carrier service; therefore, sub scrlbers are. requested to report faulty delivery at once. In ordering paper changed to new address, please give old address also. .Money orders and checks should be made payable. to The Missoullan Publishing Company. TUESDAY, MARCH 4, 1913. That best portion of a good man's life His little, nameless, unremembered acts Of kindness and of love. -Wordsworth. PARK TO PARK. It is not too early for the coln missioners of Ravalll and Missoula counties to take up the perfecting the park-to-park highway and to decide what amount of work they will do this year upon this propl,(sdt ltoute across the state. Each season, we, be lieve, should find some of this work completed in permanent and sclentific manner. The plan developed in this way will construct the ideal road which is desired. In Itavalli and Mis soula counties this scenic overland way can be made the central artery of the commercial roads; it will not be a route for pleasure-seekers only; it will ,be a practical road in a practical direction for the farlner who wants the best highway he can get for mar keting his products. in the case of Ravalli and -Missoula, the park-to park proposition becomes an added incentive to good-roads endeavor, as it fits In with the practical as well as the joy-ride idea. We hope the coIm missioners of the two Bitter Hoot counties will continue the Vlwork which has beten so \\-ell started.at Th.I liavalli leolmle have to conshitr tm. tGibbon pass crossing, whlich is an added responsibllity, but tiley are to have substanttial aid front the fores try department. Also, they will at tract inuch Big ihule businelss to their Halley. Thim matter should be taken up scientifically and systemlatically this season REFINED CRUELTY. Women klnowl, better thMian 111n-l,. how\ cruel it lnay be to destroy Ietters which have not reached thlir d.estina tlin. They ,wait, uore than ntm-n, for the call of the pIostllman. They" set greater store oml llmesstages frmin alt sent friends and relatives. Timhey un1 derstand, to the fullest degree, what bitter pain maly be caus-ed by the de struction of loniged- for altd sorely needed help sent through tltl, mtails. It is with clear perceptlon of the consequences of their acts that tthm suffragettes of L ,ndonll and other Tiritish clities Ipour sllllhllrim- tcid and ink into matil boxes tio omlil-rate artd destroy thie letters containted withllln. " I.ey cannot maake aIny discriminatio:tln. They do not know whether th111.\ ar causing trouble in busitnes- otr are preventing a husband from reteivilng a message which calls him. to his sick wife. Friends of equal suffrage are as likely to suffer as are its f..s. There is no mercy for any class orer party. Modern man reads with horror tf the cruelties of certain how\v erfull women of ancient times. lie lihas heard of the relentless savagery of later queens like Catherine of Russia and Catherine de Medici. But mod ern man has liked to believe that the women of his day are linder and mnore considerate. He has told himself that they had naught in common with his own cruelties, and that they might well serve as the guardians of A SURRENDER Unless Governor Stewart's influence is strong enough to turn the tide and unless the governor uses that influence to best advantage within the next twenty-four hours, the surrender of the house majority--pledged to support the governor's platform recommendations-will be complete. Whether or not the governor intends to interfere, we do not know. But from the side lines it is easy to see what will happen if he does not. As the turfmen have it, there was a complete reversal of form in the house yesterday. After having the situation well in hand, the democratic majority yielded yesterday almost without a struggle and last night found the senate bi-partisan combine in control of the field, with the reform measures secluded beyond any possible invasion's reach. If we were not familiar, here in Montana, with the power and the methods of the bi-partisan combine which is the visible agent of the invisible government, this situation would be surprising.. But we have seen this power and these methods so often in evidence that we are not sur prised any more, whatever happens. So there is a large membership in the I-told-you-so class this morning. The result of yesterday's proceedings in the house made it certain that the record of the Thirteenth assembly will be a do-nothing record, which is exactly what the combine expected it to be and which is precisely what the whole cam paign of the combine has led up to, for sixty days. We say this is certain. There is one thing which can save the day for the democratic pledged majority. That is the influence of the governor. Should Governor Stewart decide to make an effort to induce the lawmakers to carry out their solemn pledges, there might yet be some change in the situation. Yesterday Representative Day made an earnest plea to his party associates to stand by the gov ernor and their platform. This plea went unheeded. It is up to the governor now and perhaps even his personal endeavor will not save the situation. From the start, the position of Governor Stewart has been consistent. His message was a recommendation that the democratic majority carry out the pledges which his party had made, in common with the other two parties, for state reform legislation which is in no way partisan or po itiical. His influence, as far as we know, has been steadily exerted toward the carrying out of his recommendations. He showed the way to party triumph by the establishment of a record for performance. Yesterday, Governor Stewart witnessed the abject sur render of the men upon whom he had relied to carry out this program. Perhaps he may yet save the day, but it looks as if the people's league would have a busy season after the assembly adjourns. .lnt shrine of mercy and tenderness --the homiie. But now he knows better. Though he llay lmake reservations as to his ow\\n women folk, hle cannot forget the reflned cruelties of the vwollten w',i wilfully delstroy thouwitnds of letters int London mail boxes because they don't like the poully of the go ,ven mieilt. STARTING RIGHT. Ihi ring tile past few ,weeks Thi Missoullian has prillted cotildieral le nrw'vs regarding thie i-apllaligll for all extensionl of the dairy business in the Blitter Root ansd the Mission valleys. Thls camlpalgn is leading upl to tile es tiiilslIhIe[nt of creanerlies upon1ii an approved basis of co-ioperationi. The first step, of COurse, is to get tilhe cows. It is all indisputable iact thllat a creamllery cannot be ruln withiout cows, land It takes a lot tof cows. Ii thle Bitter Hoot, HIamilton banks have I.ndertaken to aid the farmlners itn illl I',ws anld inl ivncreasing th.e numllbeiltr. In thle 1Mission valley, sMr. Beckwith i: lmade a proplosition which has tilde it possible for every wortly farmer to secure good cows anlid to lrallge so that the ctWs will pay for itiiultsi-.a1. '!'he, commendiable spirit it, ihich these backers of thile propo sitilon hiave acted Is fine; it makes it possible to get the creamery projects iidetr waly lore illickly than would be possible uller any. otheltr lplan, land it evldencies a tdlslir to assist In the developmenlet of this regionl alon g sub stantiail lilieS. The .i'ilsis, it is said, w\ill aset I lace for simplicity in style. ThIe unxiety felt by Waslhington milliners Is not sliared by the parenllts in tilhe caufital. B-etw\een t le alexiclanLs iand the ple counter brigade, Dr. W\Vilson doesn't seel likely to get Iis regular iamountII of sleetp for awhlile. 'Tie suffragists wantl to abolish the tit', "lMiss." 't'hat rests largely with Ithl:uselves there aire usually plenlty\ o.f \illing letll. i'hao-liiu-l'hu w\ ill represent Neitw York c.liinese at the PI'eking ctngress. What a finle mnileage Ill i.e a ill have. IBut ithe marcll to, \Washintgtion taught the suffragists soanethllig In regard to tile prolper sort of shioes to wear. '"lhe fact that Japan has canlllet troublesI, is one Inure bit of evidtence that she is civilized. Tile hiking suffragists forgot all about the blisters yesterday. Glory is a soothing balm. General Felix Diaz doesn't want of flee. He would rather preside at a bullfight. The weather man is trying hard to hold his job. Today will tell. This morning we write it "presi dtnt-elect" for the last time. Co-operative Marketing X.-In England. By Frederic J. Haskin. When a handful of poverty stricken weaver:, in lEngl.tJ, ctrugglia.; under 't,: burdens of the high cost It lv';ng, organized the Roas'hdale ('o-operative soclety, they little reckoned that out of their action in the face of dire necessity would grow a novenement broad in it. aspects and far-reaching in its results-a movement destined to benefit millions of their fellow men, helping them to get tihe necessaries of life at prices they could pay. Where there existed in. .England, after their organization, a small society which could buy a few hundred pounds' worth of goods, there exists today in the United Kingdom co-,perative so eltehes having ai total rllllnbershipti of 3.000.,00 heails of families. The activ ities of the societies reach and effect every phase of production and clon siIrmptioIn, extendiLg to the banking, insurance, cretdit and bIultling associ ation fields. Exclusi.e of these latter activities, their total produc.tive and distributive\ tra'd, rcalchies the enor Inousl totail of nearly three quarters of a billion dollars annually. 'The retail Ibusilness of theli'e co-opeir ative slelties inow It m1lunts to ntearly $500,0t.0()0(o a ear. 'llhe capital of these retail or'ganizatis amounllllts to nIlearly $200,000,000. Imore than half of which is is invested otherwise than in the s.cie-ties' o0wn undeltertakilrgs, most of it being usedl itn assistlllg to fin.ince tihe great 'Io-ope11rative wholesale so eletlies and rnllulfacturintg estabilsh ilt'llts. Another $40,0l11),00 0 is inv\ested i Iln house prolprty held for rerltal or in process of sale to it ll ,-elbers. 'The ulk of the c--o1perative busi ness of Eniglalnd is dou, by societies ,whlich look a.fter lot ll the rllanufacture and Ithe distribution of the things their m 1treior rs cnslilt. There are sk1Cieties, however, establlished primar ily for prloduction. Amilong tlhetln are the corn mill soletiesh, wiLth an aam nuaJl outliput of Itrllri]y $t1,000,0o0 worth of corn irtill Ipriltucts. The agricul tural co-operativa e m.cle-tie- are either pularchase arid sat- swietiles, I)roductive s.eioeties, or small hohlingi s societies. T'ho first klld lire .rstieti 0s whose aims a, re to Iully anld sell the lproducts oIf tile Ilentllx-rs most advanl.ltageously; the sonlld class is made up o(if rit.in ters \\ho fol'low their daily li.'lupa iollns as private inldividtluals, using the society for the cto-operatl,.titu Inllu. facture (of butter, t'cheese, and othller prluhlcts from thel Illilk andl other 'olutnodities thley supply. The third buys and owns nuall lots of land for ,agirult'iral purposes. The usual English cl'o-operative so ciety is opel to all cornllrs, with the single reservationl tiat those InILy Lie ex'cludedl whose ime ership would prove a detrimenit to the orgarnization. The shares in these societe'l s are tl. t ally fiv\'e dollars each, anid in somllle of them such shares mIlay be acquitrell simply ,by dealing with the society as ia noll-nlielllter, and lettintg the profits accumlnulate until Ithey equal thie Irice of a share. The usual rule is for them to be bought on weekly or quarterly payments. A dividend of 5 per cent annually is usually allowed to I the holders of shares, and any profits over and above this are distributed to the share holders, and the custoniers. Some distribute a part of the profits to the employees. Some of the agri cuRtural societies distribute a share of the profits to those who supply the raw material. In the usual co-operative society in England each member is entitled to one vote, whether he be the owner of one share or a dozen. Its affairs are generally administered by quarterly meetings, and a special committee, elected by the shareholders, manages the ,business in the meantime. There are few salaried positions. No diffi culty is encountered in securing enough capital; indeed, there has to be strong insistence that the companies are run for the benefit of the con sumers rather than to afford returns to investors. The law provides that the societies may receive deposits up to $100 from any one person, and they, ,therefore, act as sorts of savings banks for their members. An interesting index of the costs antd profits of retailing is to be had from the reports of the retail soc tiles. Upon a business of 70,000,000 pounds, the gross profis were 16,000, 000 pounds in a recent year. From this it will be seen that the wholesale value of the year's trade was approx irnately 54,000,000 pounds, and that even under the best form of co-opera, tion the margin between wholesale and retail prices was approxinately 30 per cent. Periodically each society balancet its books and finds what profit it has made. A meeting of the members is then held and it is asked how the surplus, after the interest on the shares has been paid, shall be dis tributed. Usually there are certain reservations for the reserve fund, the charity fund, and the educational fund, and then the remainder is dis tributed among the punchasers, so much for each $5 worth of goods pur chased, shareholders getting twice as much as non-memibers, of whom there are few. Each purchase carries with it a metal ,tag which is evidence of the amount purchased, and the divi dends are based upon the value of the metal tags a man holds. The average rebate that this brings is about 13 cents on the dollar. Many of the so cieties have come to advocate selling as nearly at cost as possible, so that the poorer mem'bers will not be so long deprived of the use of the money their rebate tags represent. In some sections where competition is not heavy, retail prices have been kept up, the theory being that the members will save their dividends, and thus, at the end of the year will have more money than they would have had they bought right along at lower prices. The div'idends usually are allowed to accumulate. While the general principle of the big co-operative societies in England has 'been that trading shall be on a strictly cash basis, some of the soci eties have 'begun to extend limited credit to their members. This ten dency has caused alarm among the leaders of the co-operative movement, 'so that each natornal co-operative congress in recent years has debated the question of how the credit-extend ing societies can. 1be induced ,to come back upon the surer ground of cash tra.dling. While the admin4stratlive work of I the co-operative societies in England is entrusted to elected officials, the 'technical and commercial end of the business is in the hands of permanent employees usually paid salaries and wages after the manner of private concerns. These employees are treat ed as co-operators like to be treated themselves. They get a half holiday each week, and work on an average. about 54 hours a week. The two big whqlesale societies in the United Kingdoml are the English and Scottish Wholesale societies. The wholesale societies are the direct out growth of the opposition of private traders, who sought to put down co operation by bringing pressure upon the wholesalers to force them to re fuse to sell to co-operative retail stores. Attenmpts had been made re peatedly to establish such wholesale societies, but they failed until they were projected by federations of re tail societies so strong that the most powerful opposition could not prevail against them. These two societies co operate with one another. Under a working agreement they jointly oper ate and own tea estates in Ceylon, manuLfacture coc;t1 at Luton, and bhlnd and pack teas l.a London. The Elnglish society owns four steamships which have been completely paid for. The system of co-operative insur ance in England is no less interesting than the system of Imanufacturing and distributing the commodities used by co-operators. The ('o-operative Insurance society does a many-sided business. If you have property to be insured against loss it will take the risk: if a society wants its employees bonded it will guarantee their fidelity; and if a society wants to insure the lives of its melrnbers, the Co-operative Insurance society is there ready to write out the policies. It has a novel scheme of collective insurance, designed to afford the ben efits of industrial life insurance and yet to save the large costs of admin istration and house-to-house collec tlon. Ilteh co-operative society pays the pIremium for all its members, and this premlium is two cents on every $4.86 worth of goods purchased by the member. Without making any in quiry a-s to the age or state of health of the memrbe.rs of a co-operative so ciety, a blanket policy for them all is provided, and if any one of them dies his beneficiaries are paid an amount hearing a fixed ratio to the amount of his purchases during the year closing on the day of death. These policies range from $50 to $500 I each. A man who purchases a hun dred dollars' worth cf goods a year will leave his benteficiaries $500 if he dies. There are many other kinds of co-operative Insurance its Great Brit ain, even extending down to Insur ance against the loss of cattle and pigs, there being special societies for I the insurance of this kind of live 1 stock. Tomorrow: Co-operative Marketing. XI. In Other Countries. BANDITS RAID MINE. Nogales, Arlz.. March 3.-The E;,. "ijo Mining company's camp, 18 miles I t east of Pezo, was raided and looted . Saturday by bandits, according to a t report received there today from the a camp manager, G. E. Powell. OROZCO AND OTHERS TO CONFER s REBEL CHIEFS TO GATHE'R AT e EL PASO TO MEET HUERTA'S g REPRESENTATIVES. El Paso, Texas, March 3.-Repre t sentatives of the party in power at p Mexico City and chiefs of various revolutionary factions In northern s Mexico will meet here in conference within the next few days: s Vested with powers to head a peace commission representing Provisional - Pres'dent Huerta, Ricardo Garcia G0 ranados arrived here tonight. lie - Imn ediately sent telegramns asking at i tendance at a conference here to Pas Scl-al ()rozco, Jr., Jose Inez Salazar. Emiliano C'apa, and other generals of t the revolution against the Maderon _ 'governr'ment. The con terence also will be attended iby Emilio Vaslnez, Goimez, nortlhern rebel president ire. tender, and 'olonel David do la Fuente, Gomez's supporter. It is ex pected that prominent politicians from .Mexico City will attend. Somie spice is promised at the meet Ing as Oroz(co and Salazac r, amollng other things, ldo not agree regarding the Vasquez Comeinz doctrines. Despite his declaration of accord ance with Salazar of Saturday, Gen Seral O)rozco, at his camp near Ahu mada, ('hihuahcua, has since intimated that he has not been in accord with Salazar since the rebel defeats about OJ'nmaga last September. It developed today that the dis c agreement Ietween the generals of tlihe f northern rebels arises out of the ful ture distribution of the public lands and the estate.s of the Madero family. General Orozco declared yesterday 3 - PASCUAL OROZCO. he \wvoruld iav-t, tihe land dis:tffibution ti the i llu rtui gt oiv Iirlillltnt. Salazar rcer.ntll y il.isnt iti Ilit the government lands he di:itriblut d at once and that the 1:liri eIi:i Iate b gl i itn to the northerl n i'. l ttoops. c'coiiil PIs':lsllil iirozc~, Sr., father of lth. rt.hlI gtinral, arrivtl here to day f roti i Nuc'ni Laredot, atccolmpanied biy itiearuto i;arzaL Icranlnldos. - They are cII rlioute to Ge(im'a-Il (Orozec's canmp. Official tuleicgrclats from Mexico C;ty toIday give' assurances to northern pirolprty ovine.rs that a siuh-loan has Ieenl negotiatecd in Paris by Jose Liiinttotour, forlluer minister of finance, iandl that tilte Mexican c'ontral railroad wouil bhi ipen to Mexicco (I itc within Thitre is c'onsideratlle disaffection in thie siat, oif t idalgo and an ultrising is fecLredl if the fedoral government falls ito sati isfy the conflicting inter sats. A committtee of citizens of Hhidalgo is in tile capital to prefer charges cagaiin.t tclllctn Itiisales, the governor elect. lIe is cchargtl with having graftedt 7i0,00iu pesos anttld \vithl secret Ing a.rmns anit aommnmuition belonging to thim goveinrnumnt. The committee also, clarge HiosaIles with the murder of oiffi'cers of the rurahle guard, alleg Ing thait c'arlus VidalI (tumcz, Ra.fael teyes and Alfonso tiatlcio were exe cut-dl iyv Itosalis' itrders. (tentrmill Ahtclito YVcrza zl iais hcen thntu ciffair. ts r i . iotr liit: uhtd tuxtile vuvtricers, tvhot were ileni-td tuc-rmission c to hul a puh lic dileonstlrltion in Inclnl'iry of ex Presiltent 1cMadiro, staurted riolting this afternoun, but weire i lislrt rs~ul e by the iolitce. f:ctiry, La t'coli a, hts ',cemn ,itositl ,iis ci risuilt, tlie ellltloye? s dt-liacring i Sthrike. After the Rebels. 'Mlxio City, March 3.-The war deplartment dispatched to the north this afternoon ('olonel Antonio Rivero in command of an infantry force num berigqK l0o0. with two field guns and four machine guns. This action was taken 1 cause of the activity of a land of rebels to the north of Zacatecas, who have irclaimed them selves partisans of \'enustiano Car ranza. the rebel governor of (oahuila, whose headquarters are 100 miles to the east of thet National railway. The rebels have burned several bridges on the Mexican Central north of Zacatecas. The new rebels have been dubbed "Carra Naistas." GOLD DUST does more than clean Gold Dust sterilizes and leaves your kitchen things sanitarily safe. The ordinary soap washed utensil is not fit to eat from, because soap does not cleanse as thoroughly as it should-does not kill germs of decay which are bound to lurk in oft-used utensils. Gold Dust does most of the cleaning without Opportuni is Knoc i your assistance, and atYour Door does it, too, in a thorough manner than I will soap or other cleansers. Gold Dust makes pot and pan spick and "Let the GOLD DUST TWINS span. do your work" THE N. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY. Chicago PERKINS ANSWERS TAFT ATTACK ELEVENTH-HOUR CRITICISM OF HARVESTER TRUST ON PAR WITH PREVIOUS ACTS. Los Angeles, Mhtarch 3.--George W. Perkins, fortmerly associated with J. P. .Morgan & Co., who was mentioned as one of the organizers vof the Inter national Harvester conmpany ill the re port of Conin mTissiont er of Corlporations (oonant, madoI1 p1ublic yesterday, gave out the following statement tonight: "The report issued by thle Taft ad illnistration, ostellsibly on the ihar vester compan()I y, is ill reality the part itlg shot of Messrs. Taft and Wicker shamn in a fixghtt hat lthy had been condtucting atgainst Ice ltr lyears in which they have lIhst ino opportunity openly and carntestly to fight their cor poration policy. "This repIrt of theirs is issued after thlt gov'ermllenlt ease againtst tlhe hlar aester conllilllan y chas b(een closed andll before tile halrvstetr e itlllltcny hils \vet-r btegulln its dlllense;: issued tl ,fter thtc Taft "dministraition hal s replat'ct l ly charged we with :il the t'inles in1 the ntal ogue, in i llto 'tiot.llt with the har\vester cttli- lHiany, illl d then did Ilo)t even ciall nln i s L i iit ness in their :Iase when they e\ . re taki talitg testi nlonly; und issuing with their full kinowledge that the supreme co.u ttlrt of Mlissollri had ibeen over substlantially tilhe samell qluestilons anld oiti all tihe moral queltstions invollved haild exnter atied the har\vester e'ompllnlliity. "I ill iiuilltetrably olpposed to their method It, dissolution as a solution of thie tI'rut uetlstinl. I bhelieve I fed eral regulation that will telimlllnate tile evils that thil people compllllalin of, while preserving the good from which the people should ben|ef'it." JIME-OLD IRAGEDY IS REPEATED Mast St. Louis, Ill, March 3.-Chris tian Sweitzer, 36 years old, land his wife, t34 years old, atre tledtl, and Cliton Verllnon, a younig Iman, is dying as the result of ,Sweitzer's attemlp to effect a reconelliation tonight with his wife, from whom lhe has 'been separ ated a month. S\eltzetr, who was a livestock op erator, went to the home of his wife's sister, Mrs. Caldat Pugetr, with whom his \\ife w-as staying. He endteavored in vain to persuade her to return to him. Angered by Iher refusal, he drew a revolver and shot her, killing her instantly. .,ernoln, aL b.oarder who w\\as in an adjoilning room, rushed inlto the roo11m where the shooting took lplace anti Sweitzer fired at himn, inflictintg I wound which physicians say will be fatal. Sweitzer returned to his own board ing house and shot himself throulgh lhe heart. ADDRESED TO WOMEN Is YOURS A Case of "Nerves?" Hot flashes, dizziness, fainting spells, backache, headache, bearing-down pains, nervousness-all are symptoms of irregularity and female disturbances and are not beyond relief. .*,. y5 Favorite Prescription is that of a famous physician unusually experienced I in the treating of women's peculiar ailments. For forty years it has been recommended to suffering womankind. Thousands of women can bear witness to its beneficial qualities. Perhaps its aid is all that Srequired to restore to you perfect health and strength. (ow is the time to act, write Dr. R. V. Pierce's, Buffalo. - I AM NOW CURED S a tae peao in recommendinsg eour wonderlul remedies. a wll to ibehalf o your 'Favorite Prescription' and 'iGoden Medical Dssovy' that hrough their use I am now cured of the various troubles that a woman Is heir to. These remedies cured Fm whenothe tfailed and 1 therefore essolve to take so other. 1 thank yrou for oadvice." YOU DRUGGIST CAN SUPPLY YOU IN LIQUIDOR TABLET FORM a.L RO! t SMANY OFFICES LEFI UNFILLED SENATE CONFIRMS APPOINT MENT OF THREE ARMY MEN BUT OTHERS LOSE OUT. Washington, March 3.-The senate 'fended its struIggles over the Taft ap hwlntments 1by confirming the promo _ tions late tonight of ('olonels Carroll SA. )Devol, James Parker and Hunter Lialggett to he brigadier generals. The confirmations canme at the end of a long fight led by Senator Johnston of SAlahanma, who objneted to ('olonel I)evol's promotion. With the vote 11pon te a rmy appltintmnents. the senate enrTleld its (exe'cutive' stessions and will tank lo further action on any of the Taft alppointments. To Pdresidetnt Wilson will fall the task of filling more than 1,400 places Mniade vacantt by the refllsal of the r selnate to confirm at poin tmnents by I 'resident Taft since I)ecernber 2. The iplnces tim will beIcome vacant with the itdjullrlllloent of congrress to r lrroll \\ nliHn inll lde virtualllly all apl) pointlients outside of tih diplhnomatic SeTVice, thl ii'Iy1 , avlly, Ilarine corIs, andl allied serv'ices. r Important Positions. - Many imllrtant pIlit ions are in I volved in tIhel list. Atmong them are Stlose of' lEdtar E. ('lark, interstate 'lnlllllnere commllllisSioner: D)r. S. P. e Nell, commissionelr of labor; the three ticolllUisstionllrs of the D)istrict of Co lumllbia; the tline mInpembers tof the new r 'titntiissioin on iindutstrial relations: f hristian S. P'ear'ie, to he assistant treiasurer if the Unitedl States; iV. WV. \tlWarwick, to Iie assistant comptroller of the treasulry: Walter F. Frear, gov rnllr of lin\vaii; Erntest A. Mott Smith, secretary of Hawalii, and the exe'ltive cluncilt of Porto Rico. T''he list iof fetderal Ijudges \iwho failed of confirmation inchlidedl Richard E. Sloan, Arizona: John M. ('heney, l'.hrida; Peter J. lamilton, Alabama, for Porto Itico; ('llnton \V. IIoward, 'ashlington; C'harles S. Cutting, IIII nois; ('harle's f'. Mumford, Rhode Islndtl, district judges. Fenton W. Iooth. Illinois and Clin ton S. lHottell, Illinois, United States court of claims. W. S. Kingsburg, John A. Matthew inan and ('harles F. Parsons, circuit tcourt of IHawall. The fedeI'ral attorneys in five dls tricts, ltnite.d States Marshals in six tdistricts; mIore than 50 consular ap pointmtents and maniy collectors of custtoms, stlrveyors of customs and registers and receivers of land offices also failed of confirmation. I The largest list of v\acancies comes from the list of ipostmnasters. While. President Taft sent in more than 1,350 postoffle' appllointments, less than a dozenl of them were confirmed. CASHIER PLEADS GUILTY. Trenton, N. J., March 3.-Abraham L. Betavers, former cashier of the First Nationatl bank of ltghhridge, N. J., who confessed to taking $120,000 of thel Ilank's Imoney, pleaded guilty today in the UInited States court. IIe will lhe sentenced two weeks hence.